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Full text of "Vestnik Evropy, Issues 1-2; Issue 1876"

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npHmejix. Oh'b BiicJiyman Hena Moa^a, hh pasy ne cMHrnyB^ h 

He cnycBaa cb Mena CBoero Tynoro h nanpaseHHaro — npaMO 
cojAftTCRaro BsrjaAa. 

— BaJIOBCTBO! npOMOJIBHJ% OH'B HaROHei](^ XpunJIHM'B, 663' 

syfiHMi CacoMx. — PasBi nawb dxaropo/inue rocnoAa nocrynaiorB? 
A KOJiH eciH HeTBBa to^ho ^acH ne yKpajTB— TarcB sa oto OBiy— 
pppa3T>! He 6ajiy1t cb 6apHyKaMH! A yBpaix 6u — TaBx a-(fe ero 
He Tasi! Ppasx! ppaax! ppasi! ^yBTQiiflMH, no-BaierBapACEB! ^ero 

CM0Tp4TB-T0? 9t0 Sa OpHTHa? ACb?! innOHTOHaMII IIXT>! BOTB TaK-B 

HCTopia?! TB4)y! 



Google 



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mcu. 13 

9n> nocj^AHee BocKiHi^aHie Tpo4)HMnH'B npoH3HecB ^bi^e- 

— EcjiH BK xoTHxe BOSBpaxHTB mh4 ^acH, — noflCHHXB fl eiiy... 
f Be aAA'b evo «T£isaTB», xapoMi hto octb Cujtb npocrofi coj- 
B»...— TO a BaiTB CB y;^0B0JBCTBiell•B saiuaqy bopb btotb pyfijB. 
SQJBme OHH, fl nojaraH), He cxdiorB. 

— HHHy! — npoBopvaji'B Tpo^HioiTB, ne nepecraBaa HCAoyM^- 
m Hy no crapofi naMflxe, no^^^aa neHfl rjiasaMH, cjobho a 6BLrb 
B&WLHHBTB KaKott. — 9ro a^^o — a?— Hy-KO-ca, pacKycH ero!.. 
TiuHa, MOJm! — ospucHaca oh% na seny, soropaa pa8HHyja-(5BiJio 
pon.— Bote ^acH, — npH6aBHirB okb, pacnpiiBaa an^Ki crojia: — 
ion OHH BaniH tohho — nsBOATe nojiy?HTB; a pytfjB-ro sa ^ro? Acb? 

— BepH py&iB, Tpo(|)HMHTB, 6e8iiyTHLifi, — saBonHia seHa. — 
HsB yiia BuxBA'hj crapufl! Ajmiea 3a ^yinofi h^tb, a xy^a se, 
sazHHqaerB! Kocy Te&b tojibro HanpacHo orpytiHJiH, a to — Ta srb 
(Si(Sa! RarB Tas'B — Hmero ne sHaMinH... BepH A^HBrn, Roan ysffh 
iMca oTxaBaTB BSAyMaji'bl 

— yjiLana, mojito, nacsyxHHi^a!— noBxopnaB Tpo^HionB. — 
I>4 3T0 BHxaHo — pasroBapHBaTb? A? My»i— raaBa; a ona— paaro- 
BajmBaTb?.. nexBRa, ne meBeancB, j6hK>l. Botb ^acu! 

Tpo4»HM£ni npoTanya'B bo mh^ ^acH, ho ne BEinycBaa'B hx!B 
BB najBiteBB. 

Ohb si^yMaaca, norynHaca, hotobcb ycraBnai na icena totb 
MB HpHcraaBHO-rynoft Bsopi — A& B^pyrB, BasB rapBHexB bo bch) 

— A Txb'X^b OHB? Py6aB-T0 Tjsjb? 

— BOTB OWbj BOTB, — HOCnioiHO HpOMOaBHai a, H BEIXBaTHXB 

MKiy ESTb BapMaHa. 

Ho offB ea ne 6pajrB h bcb ocorp^'B Ha nena. S noaosHjrB 
IfdiB Ha cton. Oh'b BApyrB CMaxHyjrB ero rb an](HBB, mBupnyxB 
JoA HacH H, HOBepnyBniHCB naai^BO spyroirB h cnabHO TonnyBB 
KMOy nponnnri^ na seny h fla cima: 

— B0HI9 CBoaoqB! 
yjBjma iTO-To saaeneraaa — ho a yse bhcbo^jtb na ABopB, 

M jMBJiy. SacynyHB nacu bb caiiyH) ray6B sapiiaHa h Bpinso 
HXB pyBOH), a npHnaaca xoMoft. 



- .1 






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14 B^GTHHjCl XBPOnH. 



VL 



& CHOBa BcrynHJi'b bo Bjiax^Hie HacaifH^ ho yAOfBoncrBUi (mo^ 
hhI ho xocraBBjio HHsaKoro. Hocbti» a hx'b ho pimaicji: Hyarao 
6UJI0 nyn^e Bcero CBpuTB orb ^Bu^a to^ ^T6 sl cxkmj%. ?t6 6u 
owb noAyMajfb 060 mb^, Moefi 6e8xapaRTepH0crH? JIflxe saneperb 
vh fln^BB'B 8TH aaonojy^Hue ^acu sl ee mopb: y Haci> Bd aii^hsh 
61UH o6n;ie. Upaxoahjiocb npaxaTB hxi to na Bepxy mKana, to 
noA^ iiatpacoM'B, to sa ne^sofl... H Bce-rasH mh^ ho yxajocb 06* 
MaeyTb JifiBuwA 

OAHajRAu fl, AOCTaKb H3i»-nox^ noJOBHi^u Hamefi BOKHaxti nacH, 
B8;^ajix noTeperb HX'b cepeiJpflHyio coHHRy crapofi sanineBoB nep* 
^aTKoB. Jl.aBUA'b ymejrb Ky^a-xo Bib ropoAv, a HHsasi ho osBAajTB, 
^10 owb CBopo Bepeercfl... BApyrb oirb— macib bi» A^epb! 
^ fl AO Toro cuyTEjicB, ^w ^yib He B£ipoHHjn» ^acoBi h Becb 
norepflHHufi, Cb sapA^BmHiiCfl ao 6ojih Jieaoirb, npEHflAca Cpsaxb 
HUE no SHJiery, HHsaB'b He nonaAaa bi» Bapiiaffb. 

Jl.aBUA'B nocMOTp^jTb Ha iieHfl h^ no CBoeny o6uKHOBeHiK), 
yjibiCeyjCfl iiojina. 

— ^ero TH?— npoMOJBHj'b oni, HasoHei^x. — Tbi AyvaeniBy & 
He sHaiXy ^TO qacbi onjrrb y Te6sL? & Bh nepBuft ssb a^hb, Rasi 

Til EXT> npHHeCb, yBHAi^Jb HX'b. 

— YBtpflK) Te6fl,— na^ajTb fl ^yrb ne co cJiesanH... 
^aBUA'B nosaji'b nje^OMi. 

— ^acH tboh; th bojichi Cb hbmh A^Jiaib, ht6 xonemb. 
GRasaBTb 8TH xecTOBifl cjiOBa, OH'b Biimeji'b. 

Ha neHfl namjio oxqaflHie. Ua 9Torb pasi yse ho 6iulo hh- 
RaBoro comh^hul: ^aBHA'b A'i^ftCTBHTejibHO npesHpajii liena! 

droro Hejibsfl 6ujio Tas^b ocrraBBTb. 

♦^OKaasy-ati a eMy», noAyiia^'b a, cxHCHyBi* sytfu, n Tor^aa 
se, TBepAUMi marofifb ornpaBBBoiHCb vh nepeAHioio, orucRa^^b na^ 
mero BasanRa lOmBy h noAapnji'b eny ^acu! 

K)fflRa cTaji'b-6iiJio OTRasbiBaxbca, ho a eny o6iflBHjb, ^0 eoiH 
OHb He BOSbnerb y Mena arux'b ^acoBrb, a dfo se MEHyry pas* 
AaBJiK), pacTon^y bx^ noranH, pacmntfy HX'b vb ApetfesrH, 6poniy 
B:b noMOfiHyK) aHy! Ohi» noA}'Haji'b, XHXHBHyjrb h BaflJii ^acu. A 
a B03BpaTBJca vb namy ROHHaTy, h, yBHAaBi ^aBUAS'^ HHTaBmaro 
RHBry, padCRasaji eny cboB nocrynoR'b. 

^asiiA'b He OTBeji'b rjiasi orb cxpanHi^ii h omiTb, nosani^ njte- 
HOiTb H yji£i6HyBmHCb npo cetfa, npoMOiBHJi'by hto nacu, MOjrB, 

(TBOHy H Til Fb HHXl BOJi&Wh. 



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^AGH. 15 

Ho MH^ noKasuocB, ^to ohi yse HeMHOiKKO iieHBine npese- 
panifeBJi. 

fl 6ujrh BnojH^ j^isxeHi, hto HHBor^a 6ojite ne noAeepr- 
aya hobomj ynpeny bt» 6eaxapaKTepH0CTH, b6o dm hhcu, btotb 
laffifi noxapoR'b iioero raAKaro specrHaro, uni Bxpjn jt<o Tasott 
cnneHH onpoTHBtjiH, ^to a Aase HHsaR'E He vb cocrosHiB 6uA'b 

DBHirb, SaiTB MOPB Ji COSaJI^TB HHX'B, SaSl HOPE B£IBaHH)qEBaTb 

ro y KaROro-TO Tpo^BMuna, ROTopufi ri Tony se emfi bx npaB^ 
jjvxek, mo o6otirejcfl co mhok) Be^iBROAyinHO. 

UpOmJIO F^CROJbRO AHefi... IIoMHHTCfl, Bl» OAHH'E HSTB HHX'B AO- 

cnnn h ao Hamero ropoAa Be^BRafl b^^ctb: HimepaTopi DaBejarB 
ooB^aacfl, H CHH^B ero, A.iescaHAP'By npo 6jaroAyinie h ^aiOBi^RO- 
JK)6ie BOToparo HOCH.iacB laRaa xopomafl HOJBa, BcryoHJ'B na npe- 
cron. BtCTB sra crpamBo asBOJHOBajia j9[aBiiAa: bobhosboctb cbe- 
Aami, diBBRaro CBEAaniB cb (nuflwb Torqaci npeAcraeHjiacB ekj. 
Hot (kmouiRa rose o6paAOBajicB. 

— Bdbxi ccuiibHEix'B TenepB BOSBpaTsrB ebb Gb^eph e tfpaia 
EfopA, ^afi, He Ba6yAyTT>,— noBTopflj'B ohb, noTHpaa pyRE, Ranuafi 
E KB TO ase BpeMa cjiobbo po6tB. 

Msi' CB AaBHAOMl TOT^aCB 6pOCBJ[H pa60TaTB E XOAETB FB 

TSMEBsuo; uhi A&se He ry^fl^iB, a Bce cea&ie rAi-HB6yAB vh 
yrony, a& pa3CHETiiBa.ifl e co(>6pasajE, "^epes'B crojbro ii'^cai^eB^ 
CBOJBKO HeA:kiB, CROjbRO AHefi AOJseHT» CujTB BepHyTbCB «6parB 
Eropi>, E RyAa 6ujlo eMy oBcaiB, e RaR'B hoAte eicy na Bcrp^vy, 
E sasHiTB otfpasoiTB Mu HaMHesfB SETB HOTOE'B? «6parB EropB» 
ten apxereBTopoirB: mu cb JI;aBUAOirB p'ibmBjE, hto euy cj^ao- 
Bajo nepecejHTbCfl b% MocRey e cipoETb laafb tfojiBOiifl yqBJBO^a 
Att ^^jkBUTh jiOAefl, a MU 6u nomjE eaiy Bib noMon](HBRE. ^a- 
caz& MU, pasyMtocfl, saCujiE coBepmeBHO, Kb TOMy-sx y ^a- 

BaBeiHCB hobue 8af)0Tu... o&b BBXi> pb% BoepeAE; ho ^a- 

6uM eo^e cysAeao BanoMHETB o ce6i. 



vn. 

B OXHO yrpO, Mil TOJIBRO ^TO yCH^JE HOaaBTpaRaiB fl Cfl- 

OMMBTb nOAl* ORHOM'B E paSMUmJlEJI'B BOBBpaiAeHiE A^AH — 

OTreneJB nJtpEJia e CBepRajia na ABop^ — BApyn 
B6tsajia ny.ibxepia DerpoBHa. Ona bo BCBRoe BpeME 
m^BBh DpOBopna e ero3.iEBa, roeopEJia hecrjebum'b foioc- 
m 9ce paBMaxEBaja pyRaME, a ryrB ona npocro Taa^B h 
Ha MeHE. 






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16 B«OTHERl KBPOnH. 

f ^ ' 

— Orynaffl! crynafi cefi^acB kb OT^y, cyjiHpb!— saipeiiiajra ona. 
%o 8T0 sa maraHH th tjtb sarlaji^, 6eQQfrhijiflms,'h araKOft! — 
BoTB 6yAen ys6 Bairs odoHMi! HacTacift HacradH^'B sdh Banni 
npoRasBi Ha ^ncryio BOxy BiiBejn!... Crynafi! Oreqi Te6fl sofierB... 
GeK) MHHyroH) crynafi! 

HHHero eme ne noHHicaji, nocaiAOBajcB a sa TfixKofi — h, nepe- 
marHyBi noporB rocTEHHOfi, yBHxaji'B on^a, xo;(HBmaro ((ojibiiihhh 
maraMH Bsa^ h Bnepex^ h epomsBmaro xoxoji'b, lOniRy vh cjie- 
sax'B y ;^BepH, a fb yrjiy, na cry^i, CBoero Kpecrnaro, Hacia- 
dbsL HacxacftHHa — ct BHpaatenieM'B KaKoro-ro ocoCeHnaro sjiopaA- 
CTBa KB pas^iyTHX'B HOSApax'B H sarop'^Biimxcfl, nepeROCBBinHxaiy 
rjasRax'B. 

0161^1, KaR^ TOJBRO fl Bomeji, HajieriiTB na Mena. 

— Til no^apHJTB ^acu lOms^? CBassBafi! 
SL BsvMwyjPb Ha DraEy,.. 

— CKasHBafi »e! — noBTopn jb oieit'B h saTonajii HoraifH. 

— Jl^a, — OTBiqajTB a, h neMeweHHO nony^Ejrb pasManracryH) 
non^e^HHy, xociaBHBinyK) 6oJiBinoe y^OBOJiBCTBie Moefi lemi. H ejH- 
maj'B BaR'B ona RpaRHy«ia, cjiobho tjiotor'b ropa^aro ^bjo ot- 
xjeCnyja.— Otb Mena OTe^'B nepe6i]RaxB ri IOihr^. 

— A T£i, noA^ei^, He fflzx/ewh 6ujn> cm^tb npnHaiB ^acH kb no- 
xapoRi, — nperoBapHBaj^B owh^ xacRaa ero 8a bojoch: — a tm hx-b 
en^e ^acoBn^HRy npoxaji, tfesA^JiBHURx! 

DmRa, A^ficTBHTaiBHO, RaR'B a ysnajTB Bnoci^AcrBiH, b'b npo- 
CTort cepffla, cneci moh ^acH kb coci;^HeMy HacoBn^HRy. — ^a- 
coBmflii% Buvbcsui'b ES^h nepe;^ orhoitb; Haciacifi Hacrac^HTB^ 
npoxo^a MEMO, yBHxajTB hx%, Buxyiaurb h npHHecB kl naiTB 
b:b jspwb. 

Bnpo^eifB, pacnpaBa co xnofi n cb lOniROfi npoAOJusaiacB 
HeffOJiro: oxei^ sanuxajica^ saRanuajica, A^ h ne fb npaBi ero 
6ujiO cepAHXBca. 

— BpaxeDpB, Hop^Hpifi HexpoBHTB,.— npoMoiBHJia xexRa, EaBi» 
xojiBRO BaM^xEja, He 6e3i n^ROxoparo, rohb^ho, cosajrlma, "ixo 
cepAAe CB oxi^a, RaRi roBopHXca, cocrohhjio: — bh 6ojBnie He 
HSBOJiBxe 6e3noROHXBca: ne cxdHxi py^eR^B Bamnx'B napaxB. A a 
BOTB qxo npexJtaraH): cb coriada no^n^HHaro Hacxac&i Hacxa- 
cia^a, n no npn^HH^ xaROfi tfoumofi HetfiaroxapHOCXH sa- 
mero ciiHRa — a nacs exn BosBiiy r'b ce6^; a xaRi» RaR'B owl 
nocxynRoiTB cbohicb ^ORasajTB, hxo HeAOcxoHH^B hochxb hxi h ffixe 
j^iuu HifB ne noHHicaexi^, xo a h£b ovb Bamero HiieHH no^apK) 
o^HOMy ^ejOBi^Ry, Roxopofi o^enB 6yjiffn> ^BCXBOBaxB Baniy Jiacsy. 

— RoMy 8X0? — cnpocBLTB oxeAx. 



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nkw. 17 

— A XpHcanoy JlyKiriy, — npoMOJBHjia xerEa Cb He6ojiBnioft 
siniHSot. 

— XptLCSLrnvk? — nepecnpocHJii oiei^^ h, MaxHjBi pyKOft, npn- 
iSiBiLrB: — MH^ Bce e^BHO. Xoib vb nemLj hx^e 6pocaftTe. 

Owb sacrerHyjTb pacnaxHyBmificfl KaMson h Bsmeji, sop^acL 

— A BH, poxHoft, corjacHii? — odpaxEJiacB xerBa itb Hacraciio 
Hicncinqy. 

— Ob HCTHHHOtt MOett rOTOBHOCTBK),— OTBi^ajI'B TOTTB.— B'B npO- 

lOnzeBiH Bceit «pacnpaBH» ob'b He meBarajiea Ha CBoeirB CTyj'6, 

I THXOBBRO nO^BipEHBafl H THXOBBKO HOTBpafl BOH^HKH naJIBI^eBTB^ 

ooo^epeAHO BanpaBJAJn cbob jbcbb rjiasa Ha MeHfl, na omia, 
Ha Daisy. HcTHHHoe mi eny AOcraBjajiH yAOBOJBciBie!... 

Dpei^ioseHie Moelt lerBH BOsiiyTHjio Mena ao rjny^HHu ]sjmii[. 
Mffb Be gacoBi 6hjio sajiB; ho o^eHB yse 6ujn> uRi neHaBHC- 
1^1 ^ejOB^KB, BOTopoiiy ona co^HpajiacB noxapHTB htb. — Stotb 

XpHCaSGl JlySHTB, no ^HHJlie TpaBBBBJUHTaTHHl, BAOpOBeHHUfi, 

xvzifi, AoaroBBSufi ceMHHapHcrB ^ noBaABJicfl xoahtb bi naiTB 
vb AOMi — ^opTB BHaeTB sa^'feiTBl «3aHHMaTBca ch drbmhMU»y yBi- 
pua Tersa; ho saHHiiaTBCfl cb naifH ob'b yse norony ne mopb, 
m) cam HH^eMy He nay^HJicfl h rjymB 6ujn>y BasrB jioinaAB. Ohb 
BooCqe cMaxHBajTB na jnomaAB: cryqajTB HoraiiH cjobho BonuTaHH, 
Be CM^jiai, a psaiTB, npn ^ewh o($HapysflBaj'B bch) cbok) naciB, 
10 caMOfi ropraHH — H jusufl uwbjL'h A^BHHoe, cb rop6HHofi, h 
QiocBifl 6ojBniifl csyja; hochjtb MOXHaiutt 4^pB80BK[ft Ba^Tani, h 
oauo OTB Hero cnpuirB mbcoitb. Tersa bi» neifB xynie ne naajia 
H BeiH^aja ero bbahum'b MyacqeHofi, BaBajiepourB h A&^Be rpeHa- 
xepon. — y Hero 6iija npBoiiqBa n^ejBarB xkrelt (ob'b h Menfl 
mfjoajk'bj Borxa b 6uji% MOJose) n& j6y — TBepAUMH uhKb BaiieHB , 
BornmH cbobxi a^bhhbix'b najiBi^eBi — h n^ejncafl, rororaiB h yABB- 
Jmca: «BaBrB bto y Tetfa-MOXB rojoBa sBeHBrB! SnaqBrB: nycraBl* 
H 9T0TB-TO ojyx'B CyAeT'B BjraA^ mohmb qacaiffl! — He sa hto! 
pfasu'B Ji Bi yirb CBoem, Bu&kRSLVh Bffh rocTHHHoB h B8o6paBmBCB 
a BoraifH na BpoBaivy, nesAy t^m'b saB'B n^esa moa pasropa- 
ua H pA^a OTB noj[y%HHofi non^e^BHu — a h^ cepAA'6 Tose 
pisropajacB ropenB o6babi h sasAa MeciB.... He sa qxo! He ao- 
iijmjj ^To6u npoBJUTutt ceMBHapB naApyrajicfl naAOHBOH).... Ha- 
iberB qacu, i(&no«iBy BimycTHTi no SHBory, CTaneirB psaxB 
oa yAOBOJBCTBiii.... Hb sa hto! 

Boa TavB; no BarB bio ca^jbtb? Basi noH^maTB?... 

A pj^anucfl yBpacTB nacH y Tersa! 

Ton I.— ^flBBAn, 1876. 2 



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18 MCTHIK'B iBPonn. 



vin. 



Ki cqacTbK), TpaHSBEJUHraTHHi na tj nopy ouynjcfl syxa-ro 
HSTB ropo^a: owh hq mopb npH^xH kb naiTB paHBme saBrpamHsro 
jipsL: HysKHO 6IIJI0 BocnojBsoBaiBCH HO^K)! TexBa ne sairapajiacB 
y cetffl KB ROMHaii, ^a h y eacB fb i^'&aoirB ;i;oir& sjiio^h He 
;^fiCTBOBajni rb saMRitx'B; ho Ry^a ona nojiosHrB nacEi, r^'^ cnpfl- 
HerB? Jl^o se^epa ona hx'b HOCHjia fb Bapicani h ^ase ne pasi* 
BHHUMajia H pasciiaTpEBajia hx'b; ho ho^bio — rA'6 ohe ho^bh) 6y- 
AyTB? — Hy, yat'B »ro Moe jijio oiHCRaTB, ^^ynaiTB ff, norpacaa 
RyjiaKaicH. 

A secB HHJiaji'B orsarofi h ysacoirB^ h paAOCTBH) CjstHSRaro, se- 
jiaHHaro npecrynjieHBfl; a hoctoahho hoboahjtb fojiobok) CBepxy 
bhhfb; fl xMypH.i'B 6poBH, fl menrajx: noroxHie! fl rposHJ^ ROMy- 
to, fl 6uji% dOJL'bj a 6ujn> onacen-B... h a Hstfiraji'B Jl^aBUAa!— 
Hhrto, hh Aase ohb, ho AOJisiewb 6ujvh vndirh MajiMmee ho* 

AOSp'&Hie TOITB, ^6 S C06Hp£UCfl COBepmBTB... 

By;ty ;i$ficrBOBaTB o;^HHB — h o^^hhb oiBt^axB 6y;iy! 

MeA^eHHO npoBOJiORCfl a^hb... noronfB Be^epi... HaR0Heii;'B, na* 
crajia ho^b. Si HH^ero ne A^aji'B, x&^e crapajca ne meBeJETBca: 
RaKTB FBO^, sac&ia mh^ bi rojOBy oxna mucjib. 3a oti^AoirB 
omen'hj y Roroparo cep^i^e 6hjo, Ran^ a cRasajB, orxox^HBoe, ffl, 
H coB^^CTHO eMy HeHHOSRO crajo cBoeft ropa^HocTH — ^IecTHaA^aTH- 

jfelHHX'B KajB^HROBl yKO HO 6bK)TB HO HtCRaiTB, OTe^•B HOHH- 

Ta^cfl npHjacRaiB Mena; ho a otrjohhjtb ero jacRy ho H3% sjiona- 
MflTCTBa, RaKB OH'B BootfpasEJii TOF^a, a npocTo a 6oflJCfl pac^B- 
CTBOBaTBCa: uni nysHO 6qjio bi oe^jiocth coxpannTB BecB hhjtb 
^MecTfly BecB saaaai 6e3B03BpaTHaro p^mema! K Jievh oqeHB pano; 
ho, pasyMd^erca, ne sacHyjTB h ^ase rjasn^ ne saRpujTB, a na- 
npoTHBx Tapa^^rJI'B hx'b — xotb h HaTanyji'B ce64 na rojOBy o;i;&ijio. 
fl He o6;^yMHBaJ^b sapanie — RaR-B nocrynHTB; y Mena ne 6ujio hh- 
RaRoro Hjiana; a s^aji'B tojbro, Ror^a dxo HaaoHent^ ace saTHxnerB 
FB flOM*? a npHHfljpB o^ny jhhib M-ipy: ne cna^PB ^yjROBx. Kom- 
naia Moefi TeiRH naxoAHjacB bo aropoiicB Bras'!. Ha;(o 6iuo 
npofliH CTOJOByH), nepoAHiOH), noffHaiBca no jrifecTHHi^i, npottrH He- 
(JoJiBHiott RoppHAopHHR'B— a TBM%... HanpaBO ^tBcpBl.. He ;flyia Hero 
6ujL0 6paTB cb co6oK) orapoR'B hjih ^napHR^B: fb yrjy TerRHHofi 
ROHHaxBT, nepe;^ RioxoirB, lenjiHJiacB neyracHMaa jiaMna^^sa: a aro 
snajTB. Crajio-CHTB, BH;^HO 6yjerB! S. npoxojisaji'B jiesarB ce bh- 
xapan^eHHUMH rjasaMH, cb pacRpnxHirB h sacoxmHicB proicB; BpoBB 
ciynajia y nena fb BHcaarB, fb ymaxi, fb ropji, fb ciihh'6, bo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^iOH. 19 

Boem T&i^i S, sifiBurb... ho cjobho 6'bcrh saBOtt noiiinajcfl naxo 
iHOX): BpeMfl nuo... mjio, a THniHHa He soABopfljacb! 



IX. 

HHBorxa, xasajocB unij ^aeu;^ .Tan^B hosaho He saciinaxB... 
j^ttHjTB, Mo^HajHBufi Jl^aBii;^ xaaie saroBapHBaji'B co mhoh)! HHBorAa 
nn xojiro bi aom^ ne ciyqajH, He xoahjh, ne (Sec^AOBajm! H o 
len 9T0 OHH TOJByion, jsjimiaocb mh*!; ne Ha6ojiTajiHCi> cb yipat 
flapysHne SBysH totrb aojfo ne npeBpan^ajHCB: to co6aBa Jiaajia 
TOHKEiTB ynopHmrB jaeirB; to HBflHBitt MysHBTB Tjsjb-TO Bce 6yp- 
jEXh H He yHHMajca; to Basui-To BopoTa Bce ckpuh^jh; to TOJie-* 
soHsa Ha Apfl<$«uix'B KOjecax'B "ixaja, 'jbxajia h HHsaB'B npo^xaTB 
He lorbja! Bnpo^eM'B, smu BBysH ne pasApasajH MeHa: nanpo- 
THBB, fl 6ujn> EWh no^OMy-TO pa^Bl Ohh sasB 6yxro OTBjieBa^n 
BHHMaHie. — Ho botb, EaaaeTCfl, HaKOHe^^ Bce yroMOHHJOCB. Oahh^ 
jnnB MaflTHHB'B Hamnx'B erapux^ qacoBi chhjio h Baacno n^eji- 

SaeTB BfB CTO.lOBOfi, Aft CJIHniHTCfl M^pHOe H npOTflSHOe, CJOBHO 

tpy^^oe XHxanie cnflnpx'B jiiOAeB. S co6HpaiocB npnnoAHflTBCfl... ho 

BOTB OHflTB HTO'TO npOHIHnifejIO... HOTOMTb BApyPB OXHyJO... ^TO-TO 

KflTSoe yH&io — H menoTB pasnocHTCfl, menorB cbojbshtb no crfi- 
JixE HH^ero 8Toro h^^ — h tojibbo o^ho Boo5paaieHie iieHH 

XpaSHHTB? 

Sarjioxjio naKOHeni^ Bce: crajia caifaa cepw^Bnna h TeMB h 
rjymB hohh. — Ilopa! Sapan^e necB noxojOA^utt, a ctipacHBaio 
oj^^Oy onycBaio Horn na hoji^, Bcraio... IQarB; ;i[pyrofi... R Kpa- 
xycB. — IlaHKHii HOFB, CJOBHO ^yslH, Tfls^iBifl, HepecTynafOTB Cyia6o 
H HeB^pno. Orofi! ^to dTO 3a SByBi? IIhjbtb bto r^^ hjh CBpe- 
(SerB... HJUB BBxuxaerB? ^& npHCJiymHsaiDCB... no n^OBairB nepe6t- 
mxTB iiypamBH, na rjasa BucTynaiorB BOAflHHCTHfl xojioahha cjesu... 
Hnero!.. Si Bpa^^CB ohatb. Tenno; ho a SHaio xopory. B^pyri* s. 
nDEoaiocB HacxyjB... RaBofi CTyB'B, h BaBi 6ojibho! YxapB npn- 
■eicfl npflMO no roienn... SaMHpaio na M']^cr£... Hy, npocnyrcfl? 
A! 6iuia ne 6uia! Bxpyn flBjAerca cm'&ioctb h A&se bjioctb. Bne- 
Pqcb! Bnepe^! Botb yse h crojoBaa npoflA^Ha; botb yse ffieph 
<MQmaHa, pacBpuTa pasoMi, cb pasiiaxy... BHsrnyjia-TaBH nerjui 
^fOEJuma... ny ee! Botb yse h no atcTHHi^ noAHHMaiocB... PasB! 
jptti pasTB, ABal Xpycmywia hoa'b norofi crynenBBa; e Bsrjfl^^iiBaio 
m Bee 8Jo6ho — cjiobho a bha^tb ee Mory. Botb yate spyryio 
tfepk X noTflnyjn sa py^By... dra xotb 6u nyBHyja! TavB jiero- 

2* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



so BIKGTHHBl SBPOnH. 

xiOHbBO n paciuizHyxac&: mmocth npocaiTE-MOJrB... Bon yse sl bi^ 
KoppH;^op*! 

B% BoppHAopi^ Ha Bepxy, nox^B norojrKOiTB, He6oJBnioe obo* 
meHBO. Gjiatfiiitt Ho^Hofi cb^tb nyrb ebeicfl cbbosb TeMHU2 cresjia. 

n BHAHTCfl MH']b, npH TOMl CpQZttijnifiWb CB^T^, Ha HOJy, Ha BOfi* 

jiOB,% zesiBTby saKHHyBi o6i pyBH sa pacrpenaHHyio rojiOBy, naina 
A%BO^Ba-no6'6ryniBa; Rptaso cnaxi OHa, js,umeTh, npoBopno, a sa 
caMofi efl rojiOBOH) poBOBaji ABepb. H maraio ^epesi Bofijiosi, ^e- 
pe3% A^Bo^Ry... Kto mb'& otbophj'b Ty xBepb... He SHaia; ho botb 
yse fl vb TerxHHofi BOifBai'b; botb h jiaMuaAKa rb oahom'b yrjy 

H KpOBaXB Vb APyrOITB, H TSTBa Vh Heni^t H EO^jjfA Ha BpoBatH^ 

jrai^oifB BO MH'i. Ghhtb, He mefiejiHTCfl; ^ase AHxaeifl ne cjiuxaTB. 
IIjiaMfl jaMnaxBH tbxohbbo BOJieCjercji, BOdMyn^enHoe hphtoboitb^ 
CBtsaro BosAyxa: h ho Bcefi BOMHarb, h no nenoABHSHOiiy, BaB'B 
BOCKB sejiTOMy juiu;y totbh — 8aBOJie6ajiHCb t^hh... 

A BorB H ^acu! 3a BpoBarbK), na crkvb BHcarB ohh na bbi- 
niHTofi noAyme^B^. 3Boe c^acTBe! noAyHaeoiB... He^ero MtmsaTBr 
Ho ^BH 8T0 mara MarBie, 6£icTpK[e sa MoeB chbhoio? Ax'b, B'irB! 
9T0 cepAi](e ciyiHrB!.. A Banoniy Hory Bnepex^... Boate! ttoto 
spyrjoe, aobojibho 6ojBmoe TOJBaerB Menji nnse BOJi'lna... pa3%l h 
en^e pasi! & totovb BCBpHBHyxB, a potobi ynacTB otb y»aca... 
nojocatufi BOTB, Ham'B AOMarnnift boti ctoepb nepe^o mhok), 
crop6BB'B cHHHy, BaApaBi xboctb. Botb ohb BCBaBBBaen na Bpo- 
BaiB — Tflsejo H MflrRO^otfopaqBBaeTCfl h cbahtb ne nypjiuqa^ 
CJIOBHO cyABfl BaBofi; chabtb h r^iiAfl'TB na Heofl cbohmh sojiotbimh 
spaHBaiiH. Khcb! bhcb! menqy a ^yiB cjiuinHO. K neperetfaiocB Re- 
peat Tency, a yse cxsaTBJii ^acBi... Ona BApyrB npanoAHHifaeTCfly 
mepoRO pacBpuBaerB b^bh... CosAaieJiB! ^t6 6yAerB?.. Ho bI^bh ea 
BSAparBBaiOTB h 8aRpLiBaH>icfl, h ch cja6H]fx jeaeroM^B Ji9^9ierb ro*- 
lOBa na noAynisy. 

MeHyra — h a yse oiuttb wb CBoefi BOMHaxi, na CBoelt nocrejiH^ 
H nacu y Henfl bi pyBaxi... 

Jleriie nyxa npHMqajCfl fl Ha8aAi>! XL moioabi^'b, sl Bopi, sl repaff , 
s saAHxaiocB otb paAOcri, mh^ ^apRO, mh6 Becejio — si xoiy tot- 
ucB pa36yAHTB JI^aBUAa, Bce pascBasaTB any — h, HeB^poaiHoe A'i^o! 
sacHnaH), BaBi y6HT£ifi! & OTBpuBaio naBOHei^^ rjiasa... B'b BOMHai% 
CB^TJo; cojiHi^e yse Bcrajio. R'b c^acTBio, en^e hhbto ne npocnyjics. 
& BCBaBHBaK) BaB% omnapeHHBTfi, 6ymy ^aBSAa, coo6n^aK) any Bce. 
Obi BHCJiymHBaerB Mena, yxMHjaeTCff.— «3HaefflB jih 9t6?— roao- 
parB OHB MH'i HaBOHeui. — BapoeMi mu bth Aypfti^sie ^acH vb senjio^ 
mo6u H Ayxy HX'B 6ojBme He 6uaoU Sl naxoaiy ero mucjb 6e8- 
noAO^HOtt. Bb h^cbojibbo lirHOBemfi mh o6a oa^th, GixMWb ks 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^CH. 21 

^pysTOBiiff caxx, pacnojTOseBHEifi nosaj^E namero xoica, — h noxi^ 
cnqsoi fl6jiOHbio, vh rjiy5oROft flM'6^ xoponjiaBO supuTott bx puxjLOft 
neeHHefi oewjrb 6ojBiiiHirB flfi,Biifl,0Bhiwb hosoatb, CRpiiBaercji na- 
Bcerxa HeHaBHCTHiift no^apoE's specTHaro OTi^a, TaBTB-raRH He ^ocraB- 
milcfl vb pysH npoTHBHOiiy TpaHSBBJUHiaTHHy! Mu yraimiBaeMX 
nj) Ha6pac£iBaeirB na nee n^efisfo, h ropAue, c^acTJHBue, hh- 
ifciTB He saif^HeHHtie, BosBpasoiaeMCfl xoHofi, joshmca vl naniH 
lonejH, sacfiinaeiTB h dmafb en^e qacosi-Apyrofi — h BasHirB ler- 
mn ■ diaseHHrnrb choitb! 



Moscere ce($t npeAcraBHTB, Baicofi rBajrrB eo^^mca na cj'&AyK)- 
D^ee yrpo, RaBi tojbro TBTRa npocsyjacB h XBaxHJiacb ^acoBi. ^o 
csiTb Qopb sBeHBTB y MeHfl vh ymax'B efl npoHSHiejiBHiitt rphri^. 
«£apayjii! Orpa6HJiH! orpafiajiH! » — iramaja oea h BstfyAopasHja 
Becb Aoith. Ona tficHOBajacb, a mei cb J^Mujipwb tojibro yju6a- 
JECb npo ce6fl, h cja^^Ra 6ujLSk naifB Hama yjiu^Ra. «Bcixiy 
wcbTh nepeci^ hiwo! — Rpn^a^a rerKa; — HS'B-noffB rojiOBti, H»-noffB 
nojiyiiaai BHTaI^HJH hblceA* Mu na Bce 6ujih fotobh, hh sa^^h 
6iMfi... HO, npoTHBi osHAaHBH, 6%;tE[ He cipncJiocB na;^ HaMH hb- 
nsoi. Ha h^bhxi nopax'B orei^^ to^ho pamoeBajcfl crpaniHO — 
on xaxe o uomum ymuswyjrh] ho BHarB eny yase BqepamHU 
paenpaBa npacRy^HJia, h ohb BHesaaHo, m> HeooHcaHHOMy HsyiueHiH) 
Tenn, naRHHyju^ ne na nacB, a Ha Heel — «Ha;^0']^j[n bh iih% nyni^e 
ropusofl pixbBMj IlyjBxepifl IleTpOBHa^— saRpHvaJii ohi, — c% sa* 
iDHini ^acAMH! G;iumaTB o6h wsx% i 5ojiBme ne xo^! He kojaob- 
€novB se OHH npoHaav, roBopHre bh; a uni ^n6 sa fljkio? Xotb 6u 
MJxoBCTBOirB! yspaiH Rxi y BacB? Hy, Tyx& hitb h Appora! Ha- 
cracM Haerac^HTB m6 cRaserB? A ^oprB cb hhitb cobc^m'b, cb 
Hacrad^Hieir&I E OTBHero xpoui naROcret A&ffeyxoBon* 
Hi^ero He BHxy. He cm^tb iceBfl 6oJLhme (JesnoBOHTBl Gjim- 

5!» — Oren* xioHHyj^ ABepBD h ymejpB n% oe&b b% Ra^HHen. 
lb coepaa eh ^aBiiAOHi ne hohajih HaMesa, saRjuowBHiarocfl b% 
era jsocAxBULVh ciosarB; ho hotohi mei y3Ha;iH, itro 0Te^l vb bto 
rmme npeuA c&ibho neroj^oBajTB Haiioerd RpecrHaro, nepe6HBHiaF0 
7 Hero Biirox&oe xbzo. TaRo^ h ocrajiacB wrRa cb hocoitb. Ona 
Tfn Be JioHHyaa cb aocakbl, ho fjbMn 6um ne^ero. O^a xoAsna 
fitam drptHHHHTBCs t^itb, ito, npoxoAH mhmo MDem h csphbbbi 
p«ft wh M(m CTOpOfly, ytsKEWb menoTOirB TBepAHJia: «Bop%^ Bopi, 
unpmaaffhj ic(mieHsn%l» — ympmmi wtKU xocraBJUH mh^^ hcihh* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



22 raOTHHK'b BBPonn. 

Hoe Hacjia2BA6Hie. OieHB 6bijio rauKe npiflTHO, npoxoxfl najracax* 

HBEOH'B, CR0JB8HTB npHTBOpHO-paBHO^QTinHilMl rjasOlTB K% CaHOIiy 

TOMy M'IcTy noA'B fl6jOHefi, r^i hobohjihcb nacii; h eoiH JifkBUKh 
HaxoAHJCfl lyrB se b6j[H8h — o^M'j^HflTBca ci hhmx SHaHHiejBHOft 

ySHMBOB... 

Tersa B3^Majiia-6Hj[0 HaipaBHTB na neHfl TpaHKBHjjiHraTHHa; 
HO fl iipH6']&rHyjrB Kh noMon^H ^aBHji^a. Totb npsMO o6!BflBHjrB ^Kh 
seny ceHHHapHCxy, ^to pacnoperB eicy hosoitb 6pK)xo, ecjn oh% 
He ocraBHrB MeHs vb uokoI... TpaHEBHUHTaTBHi Hcnyrajicfl; ohi, 
xoTB H rpenaxepi^ 6ujrh n BaBajiepii, no Biipaseniio TexBHy o;^aso 
xpa6pocTBH) He OT^nna^cfl. Tani npomjo hoa^b hatb... Ho He 
;^aeTe jh bh, vto Hcropifl cb uacaicH TaB'B h soH^HJiacB? Birhy 
ona HO BOHHH^acB; tojbbo msl toto, ^to6h npoxojisaTB Hofi pas- 
csasi, HH% HysHo BBecTH HOBoe JiHi^o; a m:o6u BBeciH bto HOBoe 
Misfly fl AOJseHB BepnyTBCfl h^cbojibbo nasaAB. 



XL 
Moft oreic^ 6hijrh xojiroe BpeMfl oieHB Apys^Hx, jsfime BoporoKB cs 

OXHHM'B OTCraBHHirB ^HHOBHHEOHB, JlaTSHHUlTB, XpOMeHBBHirB, y6o- 
reHBBHICB ^eJOBiHEOM'B CB pO($BHMH H CTpaHHHMH yXBaTBaMH, OX* 
HHITB H81 T^X'B CynfeCTKB, HpO BOTOpUXl CJOSHJiaCB HOPOBOpBa, 

HTO OHH caMHiTB EoroM^B y^HTti. IIoAO^HO oTKy Moeny H Hacrac&H), 
OH'B saHHMajicfl xosAeHBOifB no A^jaM'B H 6uji% Tose HacTHini'E 
^crp^TPimn* H noBi^peHHUK'B; ho ho o6iiaAafl hh npeAcraBHTejiBHoft 
napysHOCTBH), hh j^powh cjOBa, h cjHmBOirB iiajro na ce&i na^'iflCB, 
OH'B He pd^majcfl A^ficiBOBaTB caMOCTOfliejiBHO h npHMRHyj^B vh 
Moeiiy oTKy. IIo^epB'B y Hero 6ujn> «HacTOflii^ift 6Hcepi», saBomai 

OWh BHaj'B TBOpAO H ffl TOHBOCTH HOCTHrB BCl SaBBTyniRH OpOCK- 

6eHHaro h npnBasHaro cjora. Bm^ct^ cb ot^oitb owb opyxoBajTE 
paaiH^HUfl x^a, a^jihj'b (JapEimH h ytftixBH h, BasajioeBy hh^to 
He Horjio noBOjetfaiB hxi Apys<$y: h co bc^mx tIm'b ona pyxnyja 
KB OKBWh jsfiEh — h HaBcerxa. Oiei^'B naBcerxa pascopnaca cb cBOHirb 
corpyxHHBOMrB. EcjiH 6u JlaxBHH'B orCEJL'h y OTi](a BuroAHoe xbjiOy 
na icanepB saiiiHHBmaro ero BnocjrlACTBiH Hacxac^H, — otei^ bos- 
HeroAOBajTB 6u na hofo ho 6oxbej ^iwb na Hacrac^fl, BtpoflTHO 
xase MeHBme; ho .laTBHHi, hoax BjijmieM'B HeofiBflCHHicaro, neno- 
BiTHaro ^yBCTBa — saBHCTH, ^BaAHOCTH — a 6utb hosotb, h nojfh 
MTHOBeHHHirB HaHTieiTB qecTHOCTH — «noABeurB> Moero mofiL, BUAajnB 
ero o6nteMy htb AOBtpoiauOy tforaxoify, MOJOAOMy ByniQr, otbphicb 
riasa oroiiy tfeene^HOiiy lonomi na HtBoropiift... Hi»BOTopBift sye* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^KH. 23 

mrmhj xoiseHCTBOBaBinift npHHecrn aHaHHiejBHyio noAsy Hoeiiy 
omj. He xenesHafl yrpam, sas!L ohe sejHKa he 6iijia — h%ti»! a 
mfoa ocRop6Hja b BaopBaia oiqa. Ohx He MorB npocmrb ko* 
BipciBa! 

— BhIIIB, CBflTOfi BilHCBajCfl!— TBepXHJTB 0H1», BeCB XPOSa OTL 

fBisa H eiy^a 9y6sam KairB B7b jraxopa^B^. A HaxoxHJicfl lyrb 
se KB BOMHaii H CuAi* cBHx^TeieiTB arofi ((esofipasHofi ci^eHH. — 
If^fol Ob HiiH^mHiiro aha — anHHL! EoH^eHo neas^y naMH. Borb 
Eon, a BOTB noporb! He a y letffl, he tu y Mesfl! bh x^a nacrb 
jsi 6o2BHO HecTHu — Tfib Haifi (Tb BaifH o5ii^ecTBo boxhtb! Ho. ne 
6BTb se le^ HH XHa, he nospumsEl — HanpacHO JlaxBEHi yMO- 
JUB on^a, sjiaHflicii eny seimo; nanpacHO nuxaacfl odiflCHETB 16, 
v6 Hanojrafljio ero cotfcTBeEnyio X3^niy 6o;riteHeHHiiM'B neAoyiri^* 
men. — «B^b 663% BcaKOfi nojiBSH ji^fi ce6fl, Hop^^Epifi UerpoBETB, 
jeneian oh^; B^x^caiforo ce6fl sapisaxB*! Orei^'B ocrajrcfl nenpe- 
uoHeffb... Hont JaiKEHa yse CojiBme ne 6bijo bi nameifB xont. 
Oaxa cfXB^a, KasajiocBy BOseaicipEJiacB onpaBxaiB noci^XHee se- 
OMoe najBeJiaHie Moero ori^a. BcBopi noci^ paspHBa — (npoEso- 
men owi rox& sa XBa xo na^ajia Moero pascsasa) sesa JlaxKEHa, 
npmim jse xaBHo 6ojBnafl, yiiepjia; Biopafl ero xoiica, Tpexjiir- 
mi petieHosrb, otb crpaxa OHiii&ia e oriox«ia kb oxeh'b xenK 
nenEBi pofi o6jiimA'b eft roJOBy; cam Mteewb noxBeprcE ano- 
uerariecBOMy yxapy — e Bnaxb vb KpafiHioiD, OROH^aTaiBHyK) 6ix- 
flocn. K&KB owh nepe6flBajcfl, ^'bwb cyn^eciBOBajii — TpyxHO 611J0 
J>iMe npexciaBETB. SKeh owl bi nojiypaspymeHHOft xEdapo^irb, vh 
BeixaAHeMi pascroflHiE otb namero xona. Grapinafl ero xo^. 
Plica, Toxe SEJia ob hem^b e xosflftHE^ajia no bosmoshocte. 9ia 
Plica 6iiija EMeHHO to HOBoe jiei^o, Boropoe e xoJisemb BBecni 
B pascsaffB. 

XII. 

IIcNta oreix^B ea 6uxb f.^jauewb cb moeitBy uu 6e8npecTaflHO 
ee bexeje; ona BHorxa no i^^idcb xheitb CBSEBaia y Haci e 
a6o niflja, jih6o npsjia cboeme tohreme, npoBopHUME e jobbeme 
pjnaME. dio 6uM crpoftHaE, HeMHoro cyxon^asaE x'i^ByniBay cb yii- 

HHME BapflMH FJasaME Ha tfjI^XHOlfB, XJEHHOBaXOlTB JIHI^. OhB 

im^Hia Maio, ho toibobo, texeitb e bbohbeitb roiocoirBy fle pac- 
^BBaa pra h ne BiiBasiiBafl 8y6oB:B; Borxa ona cn^^acB — wt6 
ciyuiocB pixBO E HEBorxa xojro ne npoxoisajocB— ohe Bxpyn 
ttcraBujiHCB Bcb, (onniie, fi'&uie, BaBB iiEHxajEBii. Homeh) e 
ea noxoxBy, JierByK), ynpyryio, cb icajieHBBEirB noxnpH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



24 BftCTHlK'B IBPOnH. 

Tom Ha sasAoiTB mary: mh^ Boerxa sasajiocB^ ^ro OHa cxojum 
no cryneHfliTB ji'kTHin^, ^ase Korxa ona niaa no poBHOMy aitoy. 
Oea AepsajacB npflMO, cb nojuRaTmiH na rpyxH pysaxH. H it6 
6hi OHa HH A'^jiajia, sa it<5 6£i ona he npnEHMajiacB — Hy, xotb 6u 
HHTRy FB yniBO HroaEH BxtBaiB HJiH loCsy ynoroiTB pasrjiasHBaTB 
— Bce BuxoAHJO y nea BpacHBO h EasB-TO... bu ae noBipBre... 
Baxi-TO TporarejiBHO. XpeeriaHCftoe es, rnun 6ajio Pasca, ho hei ee 
SBajiH ^epHory6BOtt: y seft na Bepxnefi ry^t 6iuio poAHifoe, leBCHO- 
CHHee HflTHEiniso, TOYHO OHa noiba soMaHflSH; ho bto es He nop* 
TH.10: HanpoTHBi. Ona tfnjia poBHO foaomx crapme ^aBH^a. S. ns- 
xajTB B% nefi ^yncTBO vh ^ojsfb yBa^^enia, ho ona snajacB co mhok) 
Majio. 3a TO Mesxy AaB£r;i(oiii h eio sasejiacB xpys6a — ne A^xcsafl, 
crpaHBaji, no xopomaa xpy^stfa. Ohh Kaxi-ro nun Apyn si xpyry- 
Ohh HHorxa no i^jieidcb qacaMi ne m^hjijihcb cjoboicb, ho BCflsoMy 

^BCTBOBaJIOCB, ^TO HITB 0<$OHM'B XOpOOIO — H HOTOMy HMOHHO XOpOHIO, 

^TO OHE Bir6cr]k. H Apyroft Tasott ^^Bymsa ne Bcrpiita^'B, npaso. 
Bb nett 6ujo qro-xo BHEHaTejBHoe u ptmBieiBHoe, qro-xo ^eci- 
Hoe, H ne^ajiBHoe, n MHJioe. S. ne cjiiixEBaj'B otb nea yMHaro cjOBa, 
sa TO fl E noni.socTE otb nes He cjiHxaxB, a yMH'ie rjiasTB e He 
BEAUBaxB. Korxa npoESomeji'B paspiiBi iiesKxy es ceMeftcTBOirB e 
MOEifB, fl craji'B p'^ARO ee bea'^^tb; oreiicB moS crposafime sanpeiEXB 
MHi Hasin^aTB iiaTKHBiixi — E ona yse ne noKasuBajiacB y naei 
KB jifiiA. Ho fl Bcrp'^Haxcfl cb neio na yjieBti^, bi ii^epsBE, n ^epno* 
ry^Ka BHymaxa mh^ see rb se nyBciBa: yBasenie e xaaeie wb- 
KOTopoe yAEBjenie — CBopift, ^^ei sajiocTB. O^enB yase ona xo- 
porno nepenocEja CBoe nec^acTBO. «RpeMeHB-A'6BBa», csasajTB npo 
nee OAHaiRxa caM'B tohophbtK TpaHBBEjiJETaTEHi. A no HacroE- 
n^eMy cjrbAOBajio nosaji'krB Hefi: jiei^o ea npEHEJio Bupaseme 
08a6oqeHHoe, yTOMJenHoe, rjiasa ocynyjECB e yrjiyCEjiHCB: Heno- 
CEJiBHaa Tflroxa jerjia eft na MO.iOAeHkRiE njie^ia. JI^aBBi;^ beji^jtb 
ee ropasAO nao^e, t6e% e; ohi* e vb aoicb e'b heitb xoaeji'b. 
OieiTB Maxnyj'B na nero pyKOid: ohb snaji, ^rro ^aBUAi Bce-xaBE 
ero He nocjiyQiaeTCfl. H PaEca otb BpeifenE ao BpeneHH noEBJui- 
jiacB y njoTHE namero caAa, BuxoAHBmaro na npoy^OB'B, h BEAa- 
iiacB TAiTB CB JI^aBUAOM<B: He 6eci^Ay ona Be^a ch hemi*, a cooCa^ajia 
eny BaKoe-HEtfyAB HOBoe saTpyAHenie ejie HOByio 6*Ay — cnpaniH- 
Bajia coB^Ta. Uapa^nm^, nopasHBmift JlaTSEna, 6ujn> CBoflcxBa ao* 
BOiBHO crpaHHaro. PyRE, hope ero ocja6tjiE, ho ohi He jrannuca 
BTb ynorpetfjieHiEy Aftse mosfb ero A'^ftcTBonajTB npaBEJiBHo; sa to 
E3BIVB ero nyTajicfl s, Bm^bcto OABErB (mobi, npoE8HO(».3*B KpyvisLi 
HaAO 6ujo AoraAHBaxbCE, ^t6 EvenHO om xoqexB CRasaTB. 

...«^y-^y-^», lenerajTB owh cb ycEjrieifB — ohi BCSByH) 



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?Aon. 25 

^ipmj Ha^HHajTB ci ^-ny-qy, — «HOSHHi][ti mh4, hoshh^i*... 
A jEHMKHHi^Ei 08Ha^ajiH xjA&b. Oxi^a Moero oetb HeHaBsxi^ bc^vh 
ocmBmHifHCfl y Hero CHiaMH — ovb ero saufli^H) iipHnHCUBaj» Bd 
CB(« fi^ACTBifl H BBaj'B ero to MflCHHSOMi, TO 6pH;uiaHTii^incoirB. 
«97, Hj, Kh MBdOKy He cmM xo;^htb, BacHJiBeBHa!» Ohi drnirB 
DfefieirB oKpecTHJB cboh) ao^b^ a sBajH ero MapTHHBflHom. Ob 
w^f^wh fpeu'b GTanoBBicfl ohi 6ojtbe TpeiSoBaxejiBHiiM'B; nysA^ 
ero pocjifl... a EBseb yxoBaerBopflTB 9th nyxiffi? OrsyAa bbatb xe- 
Hen? Pope ciopo crapir^ ho syrRO 6uao cJumarB hhiia caoBa 
n 7€mz!B ceMHaffiaisflTHefi x^BymKH. 



xm. 



IIoifHBTCfl, Msb npsm^ocB npncyrcfBOBaTB npn ea 6edbjsib y 
8a(Sopa CB AaBHAOiTB b:b canufi x^hb koh^hhu es KaTepe. 

— GeroAHfl, Ha sopBR^, MaTymRa cKOEraaiacB, — roBopiija ona, 
IQBOXHKB cnepBa Bpyrdm cbohmh TeicHtiMH^ BupasHTejiBHiiMH rjia- 
saxH, a laiTB, BnepsBi hx^b vh seiuH), — Ryxapna bbajucb rpotirB 
ffojiBBieRie RynHTB; xa OHa y nacB Heni^esHafl; nosajiyfty eHfe 
XPHBTH npoHBen. Tu 6u npHmeji, nocHorptjrB, Jl^aBBixynisa: Teda 
OHa no($OHTCfl. 

— Ilpaxy, — OTBiqaro J^aBuxi^ — nociiorpio... A ^6 OTeii'B? 

— IIiaverB; rofiopftrB: no6ajiyflTe, xecaaxB, h ueusi. «IIo6a- 
jyttie» — xoisHO, sHaiHTB,— noxopoHHTe. TenepB aacHyi-B. — Paica 
BxpyrB rjiyfioBO Bsxoxnyja. — Ax'b, JI^aBHxyniKO, JS^aBHxyniBol — Ona 
npoBejia najycsaTimrB syia^BOirB cefii no i6y n no 6poBflM%, h 
(kuo 8T0 xBHseme m ropBBo raicB... e TaKB HeKpenHe, h TasB 
ipacBBo, Rasi Bc/b oe XBHsenia. 

— Th, oxnaBO, ce6fl HOsajiM, — saMiTHJTB JI^aEHXB. — Hecnaia, 
mij BOBce... J|,a h ^ro njasaTB? Fopio He noco6HTB. 

— Mvi HJUiBaTB HOBorxa,— OTBfbqajia Paaca. 

— &T0 6oraTiie (^aioeaTBca noryrB, njasarB-TO, — sairlTBXB 

PaHca non[jia-6iuo, wl BepnyjacB. 

— XejtryK) majEB y naci ToprysKTB, sHaeniB, uvb MaMeHBKH- 
H^vaHaro. ^B^Haxi^TB py6jieil xf^iorB. Si xyMaiD, Maio. 

— H TO, Maio. 

-* Mu-drb ec ne npoxajra, — spoiioiBHJia Paica, noMOjraa»B 
BorOy — Xi^, B^XB, sa noxopoHU ejsrbo. 

— H TO, HyasHO. Tojibbo spa x^HerB x^BaTB ne cjAfjmh. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



26 BSGTHHBl EBPOnH. 

nonH 8TH — 6t^Ra! ^a botb, nocrofi, a npn^^y. Th yxo)(iiiitt?— fl csapo 
6jKy. UpomfiAj rojiy6Ka. 

— Ilpoiuafi, 6paTei^y rojiytf^mrB! 

— Cmotpe ate, ne n;ia^ 

— KaBoe, luaBaib? JIe6o o&bfl:h BapiiTL, jni6o xuasaTB. Oxho 
H8l XByx'B. 

— Rasi: oCibKb Bapmib? — o6paTHjiCfl a Kb JHfiBUMj, Iimbb 
TOJiBSO Panca yxajHJiacB,— passi ona caiia BymaHBe fotobhtb? 

— JI,a vh][f> T£i cjiumajTb: KyxapBa rpo&h nomjia xoproBaxB. 
«roTOBBTB o&kj[:h^j no^QTuajTB fl, «a pyBE y Heft Bcerxa xaBui 

^incnifl H ojifiSRWi onpflTHafl... SL 611 nocMorp^ji'B, Bas^ ona, xairB, 
FL Byxfli... Heo6uBHOBeHHafl x^ByniBa!* 

noMHH) SL Apyrofi pasroBopi «y 3a6opa». Ha BTorE pas^ PaHca 
npHBeja ci co6ok> cbok) rjyxo-H^MyH) cecxpH^iBy. 9to 6ujrb xopo- 
meHBBifi pe($eHOBi», (tb orpoMHUMH, y^EBjeHHUMH rjasaMH n i^oft 
rpoMaAOfi HepHHXi lycBJux'B bojoci sa MajieHBBOfi rojOBBib (y 
Paecii B020CU 6uxB lose ^epene — HTOse 6e8s Cjiecsa). JlaiBEffb 
6HjrB yse nopaseni napajinqoiTB. 

— Yat'B fl He sHaH), Ba^B 6htb, — na^ajia Paiica. — JI^osroprB 
pei^enrB nponncaji'B, naAO bi anreBy cxoahtb; a lyrB sani'B My- 
SH^OBi^ (y JlaxBEHa ocraBajacB o^Ha Bp^nocTHafl fjma) xpoBea^B 
HBi xepeBHH npHBesi, fjBL rycfl. A abophhbi OTHHMaerB: bh mh^^ 
roBopei^, Z2Lj[fljLSAjm. 

— Fyca OTHHMaeirb? — cnpocHXB JI^aBH^B. 

— Eirhy He ryca. Obtb, roBopHxi, crapHff; ysvb 6ojiBme ne 
TOffiTCfl. Orroro, roBopHTi, a uysumevb Bam ero npHBesi. A 
^OBa OTHHMaerB. 

— Aa OHB npaBa ne HM^erb! — BOCBjHBHyjTB flfi^u^. 

— Ilpasa He HMierB, a OTHHMaerB... SL nonuia na wpxavB; 
TaMB y nacB cyujijKb ctobtb, crapiiB, npecTapsfi. Oraia h vh 
newb puTBCfl... H ^t5 se H Hamjia: nocMOTpn! 

Ona AOCTajia hbb-hoa'b boceihbh xobojbho tfoiBmyio spHrejiBHyH) 
Tpy6By, BB M'&;^olt onpaB^, OBJieeHnyiD nosejrijHMii (^bhhomi. 
Jl^aBHXB^ saBB jnotfETeiB h raaTOBB BCSBaro poxa HHcrpyMeHTOs^ 
TOT^acTB yxBaTHJicfl sa nee. 

— AnraificBafl, — ^npoMOJBHJTB owh^ npHcraBiflH ee to bb oxhomj 
naay, to Kh xpyroMy. — MopcBaa! 

— H cTfiBJia JslbMUj — npoxojuBajia Panea.— £ noBasan (Sa- 
norniA; ohi roBopHiB: choch, sajosH 6pHJ[jiiaHTn^HByl . B^xb, ht6 
TH xynaemB? 3a nee jwyvb ffiBhVE? A Etkwb Ha ^t6 spniejiBHafl 
Tpy6Ba? PasB^ na ce6si vb aepnajio nocMorp^TB^ BaBOBu mh ecn 
Bpa€aBi9i. JijBL sepBajra, auuB, h^b. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



qiGH. 27 

H CBasaBDHH 9th cjiOBa, Panca B^pyrB rpoMRO sacM'&ijiacB. 
Cecrpn^Ba eSj BOHeuo, He Morja ee ycjiumaTB^ ho, rtpoflTHO, no- 
lyBciBOBajia corpflcenie en i&ia: ona Aepsa^ia Pascy sa pvBy— h, 
nojiHflBmH na nee cboh 6ojLhmie rjasa, HcnyranHo nepeBOCHja jih* 
mo H sajHJiacB oiesaMH. 

— BoTB xaKfc-To ona Bcerxa, — saM^THja Panca, — ne jno6wrbj 

VffWL CM^lOTCfl. 

— Hy, He 6y;^y, JlK)(Jo^Ka, ne 6y;5y,— npHfiasHja ona, npo- 
vnfm iipHctBi» Ha Bopro^RH Bosjii pe6eHBa h npoBOAH najiBi^aBiH 
no ei BOiEOcaMib. — BEjiflmh? 

GwbTh mc^e&b c% jim^a PaHCii, h ry6£i eff, bohi^u Boiopux^ 
xaBB-TO oco((eHHO MEJO saBpy^BaJiHCB BBepxy, craaH ohatb He- 
noxBHSHU. PeCenoB'B yMOJBi. Panca npHnoAHSJiacL. 

— TaKX TH, JI|aBu;^yfflBa, nopaA:6fi... ci Tpy6Bo9-TO. A to, 
Xpovb saiB — xa h ryca, BaBofi ohb he na octb crapufi! 

— ^ecflTB py^^ett nenpeM^BHO AaxyTi? — npoMoasHJib JI^aBux^, 
nepeBopaHHBafl ipytfRy bo bcS CTopomi. — JT ee y lefia Bynjio... 
^eit) jy^one? A botb nosa na anroBy — nflTnairuHHufi... JI^obojbho? 

— 3to a y xetfa saHEMaio, — mennyjia PaHca, npEHHuafl opb 
Hero nflTHaaTHHHud. 

— Eme 6u\ Oh npoi](eHTaMH — xonenib? Jifi, bote h saion y 
M^Bui ecrb. BasHMmafl Beiiu»!.. IlepBuB napoA'^ — aHm^ane. 

A, rOBOpflTB, MU Cb HHMH BOCBaXB 6yjSfiUly? 

— H4tb, — OTB^Haji'B JtaBHji, — MH Tenepb ^^paaiQrsoBi* 6iewh. 

— Hy — te&b jiy^me snaxB. TaBib, nopa^M. npon^aflie, roc- 
noxa! 

XIV. 

A TO BOTB en;e BaBofi pasroBop^B npoHCxoxHj'B see y xoro se 
3a6opa. PaHca BasajiacB osado^enHofi 6ojihme o6BiBHOBeHHaro. 

— IlflTB BOH^B'B BoiaHB sanycTEiy Aa H Bo^aH'B-To «MaxeHB- 
Bii-npeifaxeHBBifi», — roBopKia ona, noAnepniH pyBOio hoa^o- 
POWKB. — BoHi, BaKB Aoporo! A 8a niHTBe A^HBrH emfi ne no* 
jy^eHu. 

— Te(J6 BTO AOji»eHii?--cnpocHjPB fyjiUA'b. 

— J(a Bce Ta se, Bynnxa, ht6 sa BajioirB SHBerL. 

— dra, vr6 fb mymyH^ seienoirB xoxhtb, TOJcraa TaBaa? 

— Ona, ona. 

— Bhoib, TOJicraa! Otb snpa ne npoxsiniHTCfl, fb i^pbbk 
nvB ffixe napoiTB otb nea niH6aerB, a AOJirn ne njaxHTBl 

— Oaa sanjiaTBTB... tojbbo Borjia? A to botb en^e, ^aBsr- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



28 BfiCTHHK'b SBPOIIH. 

fJJBKOy HOBHfl 7 MeHfl XJOnOTJEI. Bs^yMaJTB Orei^ MHt CHU C60E 
pl^CBaSHBRTB, — TH B^^ 8HaeniB, BOCHOHSEI^eBTb OWh dUKJCbl XO^eTh 
O^HO CJEOBO npOMO^BHTB, aHl BUXO^^HTB XPJfOe. Ha Cqen ^HI^H 

HJiH ^ero TaiTb SHTeflcsaro — mei yse npHB&isj?, noHHMaeMi; a 
COBPB n y sjtopoBHXi-TO jnoAeft HenoHaTeBPB CiiBaeirB, a y nero — 
(ykjifil fl, roBopKTb, o^eHB paxyrocB; ceroAHa Bce no 6'Ijieimi iith- 
i:(airB npoxasHBajica; a FocnoAB Bors MHi& nys^rB noAapHJTB, a 
FB nyaferi AwpioniacBHO»HqBOM'B.— Oitb namy JlK)6oHBy AHjq}H)- 
raett soBerB.— TenepB mh, roBoparB, Cysem s^^opoBH o6a. Tojibko 
HaAO HOSHqaoiTB — qapBi! 3fio xaBi! n aa ropjio nosasuBaerB. — A 
ero He noHHMaio; roBopH): xopomo, poAHOft, xopomo; a owh cep- 
ffHTca, xoHen MH% pacTo^iKOBaTB, FB ^em> fjbjio. ^ase b% ciesH 
y^apajica. 

— ^a TU 6a eiiy OTO-Hafiy^B xaaoe caasajia, — BM^majica a: — 
cojirajia 6fn ^rro-Ha6yAB. 

— He yM-lK) a jraiB-TO, — OTB^^ata Paaca, a ja»e pyaaica 
pasBeja. 

H TOHHo: oaa jiraiB ae yv^^ra. 

— JlraTB He Ha^o, — saM'lTaji'B JI^aBiiA7»: — Aa h ytfaaaTb 
ce6a, Tose ne cjtbKh. M^b cnaca6a HasTO Te($i6 ae caaserB? 

Paaca norjaA^jia Ha Hero npacrajiBHO. 

— %6 a xorfijia cnpocarB y Te6a, /SjaBu^QrmBo; xaiPB naw 
nacaiB: nrroni? 

— ^To laaoe «Hrroni»? 

— ^a BOTB, HanpaMipx: a xo^y, tumom th ataa^ 6HjrB. 

— nama: ma, Taep^o, ohb, Cyaa, epi! 

— H-Itb, — BM-lfflajica a: — ae ma, a tcpbb! 

— Hy, Bce paBHo, naraa: topbb! A rjaaaoe — caMa-ro th 
shbh! 

— Mai 6h xotIjocb nacaiB npaaajiBHO, — sairtiaja Pasca a 
cjeraa nospacH'ljia. 

Ona, Eor^a Kpacatja, iwiacB y;^aBaTeJBHO xoponri&jia. 

— nparoxaxBca oho MoserB... EariomBa, bi CBoe speiia, b^ktb 
nacajTB... Ha yxaajieHie! Oh'b h Mena Biiyiajii. Hy, TenepB ^n 
xase 6yBBii n^oxo pas^apaeirB. 

Tu TOJIBBO y MOHa SHBH, nOBTOpaJFB JJ^aBBUTB, nOHHdHBl 

rojiocB H He cnycaaa (tb nea rjiasi. Paaca tfHcrpo rjiaayia na nero 
H nyn^enoEpacH'&ia.— JKhbhtei... anacaTB... nama, BaBi aHaeniB... 
0, /qopTB, B^ABMa HjerBl (BiA^Mofi JlfiBu^b saajTB mok) xeiBy.) H 
^ ee CH)Aa hocbtb?.. yxoja, syma! . 

PaHca eH^e pasi rjaayjia na J[mu]s» h yti'lsan. 

JD^aauxi BecBica p^ABO h neoxorno roBopnrB co mhoh) o Paaci, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



UGH. 29 

ofo es eeuhi, oco6eHHO c% rixx nopB, sas'B naqaji noASflrxajE 
BOOBpao^eHiii CBoero ori^a. OffE tojero h xy^'A^'B} hto o neiTB — h 
Bin Mu noTOifb XHTB 6yAeirB. Oai shbo ero noMHHJi'B h cioco- 
(S^HHH'L yxoBOJBCTBieM'B onHCHBajTB MH^ ero. 

— EojiBmofi, CHJBHiifi, OAHott pysoS AecflTB nyAOKb noxHi- 
Maen... Ras'B BpeBHerB: veH, Majiiifi! Tblkl no Bceicy xoMy cjHmHO. 
GiaBHuft TaRofi, AO^puS... h MOJOxeu'L! Hh nepe^^B b'6m!b, tfusaio, 
Be crpycHTB. OrjinqHoe 6ujio name SHTBe, noBa eacB He pasopHJH! 
roBopirL, OH^ TonepL coBcbwb d^xofi craji'B, a npesA6 xaBott ase 
(bui puacifi, BaBL ji. CH-H-jeraqi! 

JiflMujsib HHBas^ He xorfcji'B AonyCTHTB, ^0 MH ocraHeMCfl bi 
PsaHH. 

— Bu-TO yt^eTe,— saiiiTarB a: — ^^a a-ro ocraHjCB. 

— IlycTflBB! Mh Te(5a cb co(k>fi BosLiieMi. 

— A cb OTnoM'B-To BaB^ 6htl? 

— Oma TH CBoero CpocHoiL. A ne tfpocHniB— nponaseniL. 

— ^t6 Tasi? 

AaBSA'B He OTB^^ajI'B HH^ H TOJIBBO HaXMypEdTB CBOE ($£jl£UI 



— Bcrrbj KSiKb mu yiAeM-B (rEtfaiBKofi,— na^aj^ oHibCHOBa: — 
lalxerB ohi cetit xopomee Micro, a a^eHK)CB... 

— Hy, OTO eme ne CRopo, — daM^THJi'B a. 

— H^TB, OTTOro ae? SL aemocB cBopo. 

— Th? 

— ^a, a; a hto? 

— Yai h4tb jh y letfa HeBicTH Ha npHMiii? 

— SOHOHHO, eCTB. 

— Kto ae ona lasaa? 
Xaeu;^ ycM^xHyjarca. 

— KasoS Tu, oAHaBO, tfesTOJBOBufi! Kohohho, Panca. 

— Paica! — HOBTopn^'B a cb HsyMJieHieirB. — Th myrHoiB? 

— fl, 6paTB, myxHTB h ne yM^K), h ne jih)6jik). 

— J|,a B*AB ona foaom'b Te(Ja crapme? 

— ^TO-aib Taaoe? A, Bnpo^OM'B, tfpocHM'B btotb pasroBopi. 

— II08BOJIB MH-i oflHo cnpocHTB,— npoMOJBHjrB a. — SflaerBOHa, 
^30 TH coCepaemBca na neS aeHHXBca? 

— BtpoaiHO. 

— Ho TH efi HH^iero ne OTBpHBaiB? 

— ?T0 TyrB oTBpHBaxB? IIpHAerB Bpena, caaay. Hy, 6acTa! 

fjkBUXh BCrajTB H BHHieJTB. HS'B BOMHaTH. OCTaBHIHCB HaeAHH^, 
S HOjQrV&n— HO^MaXB... H ptmH^, HaBOHei:^^, HTO JI^aBHAI^ no- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



30 B^GTHEKl BBPOnn. 

crynaerB, RavB djiaropasyMHHft h npaRTHiecRitt ^ezovkKh] h mh^ 
xase jiecTHO crajio, vno a Apyrb Tasoro npaRTH^ecBaro ^ejioB^sal 
A PaHca^ vh CBoeifB B^soB^^noM'B tophoitb mepcrflHoiTB 
njiaTBHiri, MH*! BApynB noRasajacB npejiecTHOtt h AOcrofiHoS caicoft 
npexaHHoS jh)6bh! 

XV. 

Jift,BiiAOWh men's Bce ne 'fixaji'B n A3»:Ke imcewh He npHCHJiaj[<B. 
JI^TO A&BHO crajo, iioEh m^cai^'b mejTB Kh ROHuy. Mii hctomhjihcb 

Meafly t6m'b na^ajiH xoahtb cjiyxH, ^to JlaiRHHy B;ipyrB ro- 
pasAO noxyai'ljio h ceMBa ero — tovohsrwh — Ob rojiojsy noMper^, a 
He TO ]i,owb sasajiBTCfl h Rpumett Bcibx.i> saAaBHTB. ^aBUXB Aase 

Vb JIHI^'I HSM'lHHJCfl H TdROfi CXaj^ 3J0S H yrpiOMUfi, TTO XOTB He 

npHcrynailca Ri HCMy. OuyqaTBca owb Tose cxaji name. Cb Pan- 
cofi fl He Bcrp'l^ajicfl BOBce. Hsp^AB^ nejBRajia OHaBAain, tfucrpo 
nepexoAfl ^epesi y^Hi^r CBoefi RpacHBoS, jierRofi noxoARoft, upsL- 
Mafl, RaRB crp'lja, cb noAataxuMH pyRaMH, ci TeMHuifB n yic- 

HUITB BSOpOM^ HOA'B A^HHHUMH 6pOBflKH, CB OSatfOTOHHHBfB BEipa- 

senieM'B na 6jvbAE0Wb h MBJioirB jihi;^ — botb h Bce. Tersa 
CB noMon^BK) cBoero TpaHRBHJUQTaTHHa sy^HJia Mens no npes- 
Heny h ho npeaneMy yRopH3HeHHo meniajia mh^ b'b canoe 
yxo: «Bopx, cy^apB, Bopx»! Ho a ne o^pamajx na nee BHEMaHia; 
a oxei^ saxjonotajicfl, Ropn^Ji'B, pasibisacaji'B, HHcajTB n snaxB hh- 
^ero He xorijix. 

OAHasAu, npoxoAS mhmo SHaROMofl h^jiohh, h, tfo^Bme no npH- 
bu^r£, CpocHJix RocseHHuS BsrjiflA'B Ha HSB^CTHoe M^creqRO^ h B^pyrB 
MH*! noRasajocB, RaRv^y^ro na noBepxHocTH seHJE, npHRpBiBaBmeff 
nam'B Rjia^^, npoHSonija H^ROTopaa nepeM^na... KaRi-tfy^ro rop- 
6HHRa noflBHjiacB TairB, vjijb npes^e 6ujio yrjiytfjieHie, h RycRK 
metfna jeaajH yateHeiaRi! «%6 9to sHa^nrB?* nojyMajiocB mh4. 
«HeysTO RT0-HH6yAB npoHHR'B naniy xafiny h Bupua'B ^acu*? 

Ha^o 6hjio yAocroBipHTBca kb btom'b coficTBenHmiH rjasaHK. 
K'B qacaiTB) psaB^ionilHirB Kb yxpotf^ seiuH^ s^ Rone^no, ^jtbctbo- 
BajTB nojiH^fimee paBHO^yoiie; ho ne hobbojihtb se xpyroMy boc- 

HOJIBSOBaTBCfl HMH? A HOTOMy Ha CI^AyK)II^ifi Sie A6HB, fl, CHOBa 
HOAHflBHIHCB ^0 SapH H BOOpySlHBmHCB H02R0M'B, OTHpaBHJCfl BX 

caffB, OTHCRajL^ Haii'l^^eHHoe m^cto uoji^b fltfjonefi, npHHAJCJi puTB — 
H, BHpHBmH lyTB He apniHHHyK) any, jojiaeH^ Ch^tb yfi^AHTBca, 
HTO qacu nponajH, hto rto-to hx^ Aocra-rB, Biiran^H^B, yRpajTB! 
Ho RTO se MorB hx'b... BHTan^nrB — RpoM'6 JI^aBB^a? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



UGH. 31 

Sto Apyrott SHasx, vjfjb ohh HaxoAHJHCB? 

A sacHnajTB axy h BepHyjica AOMOd. <S nyBCTBOBajTb ce<Sa rjcy- 
6010 o(SiiseHHuirE. 

•IIojoaKHicB, — fju9^'b a, — ^acH flOHaflo6MHCB Jl^aBEi;^ AM Toro, 
«ro6ei cnacTH on roiOAHoft CMeprn cbojo 6y]i,ym;yjo seey hjih ea on^a... 
^s6 laiTB HH roBopHy ^acii 9th Hero-HH6yAB xa ctoioti... JIfi EaR'b 
(taio He npHATH Ko MB-fe H He CKasaTB: ^Cpart — (a na Micri Jl^a- 
Bmi lenpeM^HHO csasaji'B ($£i: 6paTB)-H5parB! a HysAaH)CB fb ^eHB- 
vm: y Te6a exx H'IrB, a SHaio, ho eosbo^ib BOcnojiBSOBaTBca tImh 
wao, Boropiie mke bm^ct^ c% to6oh) sapujn hoa'b crapoS si^- 
mml Ohh HHKOMy ne npHHOcaTB nojiBSti, a a Te5£ xaKfB 6y]sj 
6mof»fewbj 6paTB!» Ob xaBofi 6u pa^ocTBio a corjacHJca! Ho 
jfjUmowTb TaflHO, HSM^nHH^ecBH, He ^oB^pHTBca Apyry... H'^tb! 
Hnasaa crpacTB, HHBaBaa nys^a dxoro ne HSBHHaerB! 

fl, noBTopflH), a 6ujrb ocBoptfjieH'B. SI naiaji'B-dHjio BHEasiiBaxB 

lOlOffOCTB, |[yTBCa... 

flo ^aBUA^B 6112% He H8ib T^x'B, BOTopue 9T0 san^^aiorB H Tpe- 
nsaica! 

Jl HanajTB A^aTB HaneBH... 

Ho JI.aBHA'B, KasaaocB, hhckojibbo ne noHHMajrB mohxi naMeBOBx! 

fl roBopHJi'B npn HeirB, BaR'B hhsobtb vh mohxi rzasarB toti 
veiOBiiTB, KOTopuft, Hirba Apyra h ^ase noHHMaa Bce sHaqeme 
9iofo CBfln^eHHaro qyBCTBa, Apys6ii, ne otfjtaAaerB, OAnaso, Aocra- 
mEO BeiHSo;(yHiieM'B, hto6£i ne npH^iraxB rb XHrpocrn: BaB% 6yAT0 

MOSHO HTO-HHtfyAB CBpUTB! 

IIpoHdHocE dTH nocJi^AHia cjiOBa, a CM^jica npespHTejBHO. 

fi^ Jijumxh H yxoM'B He boj'b! 

K HasoneiTB npano cnpocH^'B ero: iskvh owh nojiaraerB, qacn 
Hann huh enite n^BOiopoe BpeMa, 6yAyHH noxopoHenu vb seioH), 
in TonacB se ocranoBEJiHCB? 

Owb OTB^najTB Ksb: — A HoprB nxi snaerBl Botb namejiib ^eiCB 

PttMBHUaTB?! 

fl He snajTB, m6 ^^ynaiB. Y ^aBHja, otobhaho, 6hjio hto-to 
Bi-eepxi^... ho toubo ne noxH^enie ^acoBi. HeosHAaHHufi cjy- 
Ql AosasajTB mh£ ero HeBHHHOCTB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



32 BSGTHHRfB SBPOHH. 



XVL 



H BOBBpanvuci ojs^:rj5H xoifoft noojpiOMy npoyjOHiy, no bo- 
TopOHy fl BOo6ii^e e^6%vsljl% xo^HTb, Tas'b sasi FBHeirb HaxoxEici 
^jiHrejiB, TA*]^ BBapTHpoBajTB Mott Bparb TpaHBBBjjfirraTBVB; ho he ■' 
9Ton pa^B cana cy^^^a npBseja ubee TyA&- IIpoxoAfl no^ saspH- 
THWb OBHOifB OAHoro TpasTHpHaro saBeAeeiji, s. BxpyrB yciuxan 
rojKKTb Hamero cjiyni BacHJiBji, MOJioxoro pasBflSHaro icajiaroy Bejs- 
Baro «i'6HTflfl H niajionafl», Rairb iMiipaxajCfl iiott orei^ — bo Be- 
jiHRaro xaBse noBopHre^fl sB.eECKVix% xyuvby na BOropux'B owb x^* 

CTBOBajIlb OCXpOCJIOBieiTB, HdlflCBOft H HrpoH) Ha T6p6aH6. 

— H B^AB, nowai TH, nib BHAyMaja! — roBopBjrB BaciuiSy 

BOTOparO fl BHA'iTB He MOPB, HO CIUmaZB BeCBMa ABCTBeHHO: OH*B, 
B^pOflTHO, CEfjbjLT> TJTh SiB BOSJrb OKEB, CB TOBapHmeiTB 8a HEpcA 

^afl — H saBi dTO qacTO cjiy^aercfl cb jhoabmh fb sanepTOMi noBoi, 
roBopH.3% rpoMRO, He noAOsp^Bafl, hto BasAHfi npoxositt na yjoqi 
cjiiimHrB BasAoe cjobo: — ^6 BUAyMajB? SapsjE etb vb sexjuo! 

— BpemB! — ^npoBop^aJTB Apyrofi rojiocB. 

— Si TB&b roBopio. Tasie y naci tiap^yBH Heo^naioBeHHiie! 
Oco6eHHO ^aBKABa dron... Basi ecTB iesoni. Ha caMOfi na sopbidfc 
Bcraii Sly jun E noAxoxy dravB vb OBHy... Tssljrj: ^t6 sa npHrva?.. 
HxyTB naniH XBa rojy6qHBa no caAy? necyrB bth caMiie naca, 
noA'B fl6ji0HR0fi flMy BspujH — a& Ty^a hx'b cjiobho njiaAeHaa sa- 
Boro! n seMiiK) hotoitb sapaBHfljoH, efl*5ory, Tasie tfesnyrHiie! 

— Axx myrB hx% bosbmh! — npoMOJiBBjrB BacnjiBeBi co(SeciA- 
HHBi. — Ob aapy, snaHHrB. Hy, h hto-x-b? Th ^acH OTpHat? 

— IIoHflTHoe xbiOy orpHii'B. Ohh h lenepB y MOHa. Towibbo 
noBasuBaiB hx'b noBa ne npHxoABTCfl. Bojbho mhofo Hsi-sa hbxb 
loyMa 6iijio. ][MujsfiSL-ro hx'b y crapyxH y namett vh ry caicyH) 
HOiB H8%-noA% xpeCra Buxan^Hj'B. 

— 0-0? 

— Si Tetii roBopK). BesnapAOHHufi cobc^mi. TaB'B h Hejoai 
HX'B noBasuBaTB. Jifi, BOTB o4>Hi^epH noHa^Ayn*: npoAaiCB soMy, a 
He TO FB BapT£i pasurpaK). 

H He crajTB 6ojn>me cJiymaxB, crpeiirjiaBi (JpocHica AOMoft h 
npflMo B'B JI^aBUAy. 

— BpaxT)!— nanajB a, — 6paTB! npocxH Mena! H tfiui BHHOBarB 
nepex^ to6oh)! H noAOsp'bBaji'B Te5fl! SI o^behjutb Te6fl! Tu bhxbiiib, 

BaBfB a BSBOJIHOBaHl! IIpOCTH MeHfl! 

%6 Cb TOCofl?— CnpOCHJl ^aBHffB. — 0($XflCHHCB! 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mm. 38 

npunl 

— OnflTb 8TH lacii! JS^a passi hx^b Tarn h^tb? 

— HirB Exx laiTB; a ^Qmaji, ^o tsi hxi bsaxb, hto6u no- 
im TBonrb sHasoMHui. H arc Bce BacHzifi! 

& nepejiajTB flfl^BUfj Bce, ht6 ycjiimarB noAi osHoirb saBexeHui. 
Ho usb onHcaTB Moe HsyiueHie! fl, BOHeHHO, nojarajTB, ^to 

JifiSMKb BOQEeTOXyefTb; ho SL JX^b EEJSSXb He MOPB OSHAaTB Toro, 

v6 opoHsoniJio Ob nHMi! E^Ba a boh^hjii^ MOfi pascxasi, ohi npn- 

men n flpocTB HecRasaHHyio! Jl^aBH^'B, soropBifi ho HHaie Basi 

oopespiHieirB othochjca BOBcefi srofi, no ero cjOBairB, <nonija[o&» 

upoxiixi CB HacaMH, totb caMiifi jI^aBUA^, BoiopHtt ho pasi yBt- 

jttn, fio OHH BH^AOHHaro afiita ne croHyrb — Tjvh BApyn bcbo- 

nn CB Mto^a, bccb BcnuxHyji, CTHCHyxB 8y6u, cacaa'B ByjiaRH. 

•Stoto TaKb ocraBHTB neiBSfl! — npoMOJBHJB owb naBOHeiti.— Eaxi 

(fflB cuiieTb cetii nysyio Ben^» npHCBOHBaxB? <S 6My noBasy, no- 

crofi! fl BopaiTB noxa^BH ne AftK)!» — IIpHSHaiocB, a AO CHxib nopi 

Be noHHMaK), ^ mofjio Taa'B BS^i^CHXB JI^aBUAa: tfuji jh ovb yse 

ioh loro paaxpaseHB, h nocrynoKs BacHJibfl hoajui^i k^bbo Macja 

n (ffom; ocbop6hjih m ero moh noAOsp'i^HU — ne Mory CBasaxB; ho 

i Hnoriut HO BHAUBaji'B ero vb laBOMi BOiHeniE. PasHHyBi porB, 

crouB fl nepexB hhm'b h toabo ahbejca, BaB'B axo ohb xaBib ta- 

leio H CHJBHO AHmaji. 

— 1t6 se TH naM^peHB QRtj»TB?— cnpocHJB a naBOHeiti. 

— A B07B yBHAHmB — nocjii o6']&Aft9 Borxa oxei^B yjiaseTCfl. .S 
mro nepearbnjHHBa Hafi^y! SI Ch BHifB noTOJByK)! 

«Hy, — noxynaj'B a: — ne xotI^li 6u a 6bitb Ha Micri otofo 
<iiepecM^niHHBa». %6 hbi aioro BufixerB, Fochoah, Eose Mofl!» 



XVII. 

A BHHijio botb v6: 

EarB TOJBBO nocai o(%A& BOABopHJiacB m connaa Ayinnaa th- 
flOBi, BOTopaa jsjo chxi nopi, Basi sapaifi nyxoBHBB, jioaiHTca na 
FfecKifi fpwb H pyccBiS jh>ai bi cepeAHH'6 AHa, nocjrb BBymen- 
HHTL flcivB, JijBiBuxh (a (TB BaMBpaBmHicB cepAi^oM'B Hieai sa ero 
nmim)— ^aBuxB ornpaBHaca vb afiOACByio h BusBaa'B orryAa Ba- 
ciAi. Totb cnepBa ne xoi^^ hxth, OAnaBO boh^h^'b t^m^b^ hto 
otttiHOBajcfl H nocji^AOBBj^ sa naMH b!b caAHRib. 

JUbuxb craxB nepe^B caicoit ero rpyx^H). BacHiift dsurB isjkzoi 
wiOBrtl Bume ero. 

Ton LSaMM, 1876. S 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



34 B^GTHHKS IBPOIQI. 

— BacH.ii& TepeHTBeBi*! — nanajTB raepAHifB rojocoir^ Moft to- 
BapHH^i: — T£i H3i»-noA'B caMott BTOfi aCzoBEj Bejsjbjih mecTB Tony Ha- 
saxi, Buran^Hji cnpfliUHHiie namt ^acH^ Tn He nwbM% npaBa aro 
c;^aTB, OHM Te6% He npHHaxJiesaiH. Oi^afl «!% ceAvac^! 

BacHjiifi cMyTHjcfl-^^o, ho TOT^acb onpaBHicfl. «EaBie naeii? 
%oAii fOBopHie? Bon ci BaiiH! HHBasHX'b h^tb y xenfl ^acoKb!» 

— fl 3HaH), ^6 a roBopH), a th ne Jirar. ^acll y i^a. OrAaft hs^b! 

— H*rB y iCHfl BamHX'E qacoBi. 

— A KaKB Ke Til vb ipaRTHp'i... — mM9jnr6u3io a, ho ^bii^b 
Mena ocraHOBHJTB. 

— BacHJiift TepeHTBeBi! — npoHSHetrb offB rjyxo h rposHo. Hairb 
AonoAJHHHo HSBtcTHO, ^To ^acii y Te(Xa. FoBOpare xcfCi necTBH): 
OTjafl HXi. — A ecjH th ne otwdhb... 

BacHjdfi narjo yxMUjiajca. 

— H ^ me Bu Tor^a co mhoio cfjbjanere? Hy-ci? 

— ^Td?— Mu o6a so rbx% noph Ch toCoA jpaTBCa Cy^eitt, 
noBa jrH5o th naci no&kjijimh^ m6o mu Te($a. 

Bactr^S sacH^jtca. 

— JIjpaTbca? — 9to ne (JapcKoe Rfiao! Ob xojjohoicb-to xpatbch? 
^aBHXB BApyrB Bi:('6nHJca Baaudio bi^ saaerB. 

— ^a MH He Ha KyjraM cb to6or) sp^TBca tfywMij — ^npoHSHecB 
OBTB CO cKpeaieTOiTB 8y<!oFB, — notMH th! A a Te6i x&mi hoacb h 
caM'B BOSBMy... Hy, e nocMorpHM'B, bto soro? AaeBc^fil— csoMaHAO* 
Ban OH^ MH'i, — 6irE sa mohitb 6oj[BniHirB hosomi, BnaeniB, ^epe- 
HOEB y Hero KocraHoft — oob TaM-B na croa* aeampB, a jpyroft y 
Mona FB Eapnan^. 

BacHjiifl BApyrB TaBi n o^nepi. Jifisajsib Boe ^epsajTB ero sa 
atHaert. 

— noMHaySTe... noMHjyflTe, Jiflsuji^b Eropiiq'B, — saaenerajTB 
okb; A^ae caesH BHcryuaaH y nero na raasa:— thto bh axo? ^x6 
BH? HycTHTe! 

— He nyi^y a Te6a. — H non^api Te64 ne 6yjsffn\ — CeroxHa 
Til . OTB naci OTBepTHiEBca, HH saBTpa onaTB naineirB. — AaemRa! 
rjijb ate nosjbl 

— SaBH^Tb EropiiH^!— sapeB&i^ Bacsaiff: — ne ^^ftaaftre yfi^B- 
CTBa... ?T0 ace dTO Tasoe? A qacs... <S, to^ho... SI nomymjeb. SL hx% 
BaM-B ciK) MHHyry npeAcraBai). KawB se bto? To Xpncan^y Jly- 
KH^y 6pK)xo nopoTB, TO MH*! — HyCTHTe MOHa, JI^aBBiA^ EropHiii... 
HsBoaBTe noay^HTB ^acH. IlaneHBBi tojibro ho CBaauBaflTe. 

JIjBLBUjs;b BunycTHa'B hb^ pyKb BacHaBeBi acHaerb. «S nocico- 
Tp&i'B eny bi» aai^o: tomho, — h ne BacaaBio MoacHO 6ajL0 Hcny- 
raTBca. TaBoe yHBraoe... h xoao^Hoe... a saoe. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^GH. Sir 

BacBjdfl BCKMBJ% wb ffnn h HeMeAieHHO Bepnyjicfl orryAa cb 
ucftMH n pysi.— Moau otxm'b ostb hx!b Aabju^qt^ h touro Boa- 
BpanvLflCB o5paTHO B!B jieicB, rpoERO BOCSJHSHyxb Ha nopori: <TLi|»y 
w, osBasiji!^ 

Ha neicB see en^e jei^a He 6hiJio. Jifl,BUjs;h nMMjjFh fojobok) 
I noman vh namy soMnaiy. H ohatb nonjejcfl sa HHin&. «CyBo- 
pon! Raicb eciB CyBopoaBl» flyMajri a npo cetfa. — Tor;yi, fb 1801 
roiy, CyBopoBi 6us'b nam'B nepBHfi, napoAHuS repofi. 



xvm. 

JifLBUKb sanepB sa co6o¥> AsepB, nojosHii mu aa ctojtb, 
ospecTHJi pyKH H— 0, ijjifll — sacMifljca. — TjiEffi na Hero, a sa- 
cvbucfl Tose. 

— dnusaa mxyRa yAHBHieJiBHaa!— Hanaji oh^— Hnsasx ku 
on anixi lacoBi OT(5oapHTi>ca ne MOseMi. SaROJAOBanHue ohh, 
opaBO. n » ^ero a BApyrb arasB oaiHjrca? 

— ^ CB Hero? — noBTopui a. — OciaBBji^ 6u th hxi y Ba- 
cuBa... 

— Hy H*TB, — nepefinjTB JI^aBBifliB.— 3to majnanB! Ho ht6 mh 
CB HHMH xenepB c^^aeirB? 

— ;i;a! ^16? 

Mh o6a ycrasHiHCB Ha nacH — h sa^QTMaancB. yspameHHiie ro^ 
jyCSiDTB 6HcepHHirB uiHypROM'B — (sjonojiyTOufi BacHJiiS bhohh- 
xaxB He ycH'^jn^ CHaiB mnypoB'B dTOTB, Koroput eicy npHHaA* 
aezaiii) — ohh npecnoBoftHO A^jia^H CBoe jiibjko: ^liRaiH — npasAa, 
sftcsaiBBO FB nepe6|[BBy — h Me^uieHHO w^ffiEr&jm cboh) M^Hya) 
MMuyruyjo crp^Jisy. 

— PasB^ onaxB htb sapiiTB? Hjih ys'B BOb neisy RTb? npex^o- 
sui a HaRonei^'K — Hih botb en^e: ho noxnecxH aH hx^ JlaxBHHy? 

— HirB, — OTBtxHJTB JijKBUfl;h. — 3to Bce He t6. A boto ^: 
npH ry6epHaTopcBOt BaHii[eaapiH saBean sommhccIk), nosepiBOBania 
oo(iBpaiDTB vb uojLhsy sacHMOBCBHX'B HOFop^aBi^eBi. Fopo^ EacH- 
mowh, roBopaTB, ffi xaa crop^ai, co bc£mh i^epRBa^H. H, roBopan, 

BCe UpEHHHaHXTB: He OAHHB TOaBBO XjMb HJH AOHBrH — HO 

senpi Haxypott.— Or^j^aAHiTB-Ba mei xy^a 9xh ^acu! A? 

— OrxaxHiTBl ox^aAHiTB!— HOAXBaxaax a. — HpespacHaa mucjb. 
He, a Hoiaraj'B, xaBi sasi ceMettcxBO xbohxi^ ^(pydett Hys^Aexca... 

— H'brB, H6rB; bb bommhccIk)! — ^JlaxBHHH h 6effb hhx^ o6ofi- 

fJK^. Rb BOMMHCCilo! 

8* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 BftCTHHirb iBPonn. 

Hy, FB BOMMHCCiH) TBJS^b Vh BOMMHCCilO. TOJIBKO, fl HO" 

jiaraiOy na^o npH droirB naiiHcaTB ^ro-EE6yfj> ryttepHaTopy. 
JIfi.BUA'h BsrjflHyj^ Ha BceHs. — Th nojaraeniB? 

— j^a; KOHe^HO, MHoro Heiero nscaTB. A TaKB — f^csojbso 

CJOBl. 

— HanpHM^pi? 

— HanpHH^pi... HanaTB TaiCB: «(Jy^TO»... hih bote eme: 

«XBHSHMfiie»... 

— «JI|BeaHMHe»... xopomo. , 

— noTOM'B HaAO 6yAefrb csasaTB: <cifl Maiaa Hama jenra*... 

— Jlenra... xopomo Tose; sy, 6epH nepo, csixacbj mnini, 
Bajflfl! 

— CnepBa nepHOByio, — sairi&THJTB s. 

— Hy, ^epHOByio; tojbeo mnnH, nHniH... A a ex's nosa ii%- 
jroMi noqomy. 

A BdflJi'B JLHCTB (JyHarH, OHEHH^'B nepo; ho ne ycn^jTB a bii> 
BecTH Ha Bepxy jiHcra: «ero npeBOcxo^^exejiBCTBy, rocnoAHny da- 
Te^iLHOHy BHfl8K)» (y nacB lor^a rytfepnaTopoiTB Cajtb rhasb X.)^ 
KaBi fl ocTaHOBBJicfl^ nopaseHHufi Beo6u^Buwb myiiOM'B... bho- 
•sanHO noAHflBHiBMCfl y Han vh ]sfiwb. — ^aBu^^ losse saif^THJi 
8T0TB mywb H Tojse ocraHOBHJicff, hoahabi ^ac£i bi j^boS, Tpa- 
no^By cb M&fOiTB vb npaBofi pyB^. Mh neperjaHyiracB. ?to sa 
pisBift BpHBi? dro TgTBa BSBHSfHyjia... a 8to? — 9to rojocB OTi^a, 
xpHDJufi 0TB rn^Ba. «^acH! nacH*! operB bto-to, ^yrB jih ne 
TpaHBBBjumraTHH'B. — Horn cryTOrB, CBpHnarB hojiobhi^u, i^^jiaa 
opaBa 6^ETb... Hecercfl npjitfo Kb naifB. fl saMHpaio OTBcrpaxa; 
xa h JI^aBiiAB 6'bjrb Basi rjiBHa, a cmotphtb opjiobtb. «BacHjd&, no- 
MenT>y BBiAajTB*, men^eiTB ohx cbbosb sy6u... J|,BepB OTBopflercfl na- 
CTe»B... H OTei^i Kb xajai^, tfesi rajcryBa, T&rBa vb nyxpaMaHrb, 
TpaHBBHJiJHTaTBHi, BacHJiifl, lOmBa, xipyroft MajiB^raBi, noBapi^ 
AranHTB— ^Bci BpuBaiOTCfl vb BOfimaTy. 

— MepsaBipi!— BpHiHTB OTei^i, e^Ba nepoBOw SHxanie... Haso- 
Hei^'B-TO MH BacB HaBpujin! — n yBBAaHB ^acH fb pyBaxi ^a- 
BUAa:— noAafl! — BomarB oreit-B, — noxafl ^acH! 

Ho Jifi,BUKbj HO roBopfl HE cjioBa, HOACBaBEBaen Kb pacBpn- 
TOMy OKHy — E npurB bfb nero na ABOp% — ja na yJH^y! 

IIpBBBiBmifi noApasaiB bo Bcewb Moeny otfpasi^^ a npuraio 
Toase, fl 6irj bcji^^b sa JI^aBUAOM'B... 

«JIobh! A6psE»! rpeMflTB sa HanE AHBie, CM^maHHue rojoca. 

Ho MH yse mhemca no yjEi^'6, tfesi manoBi na rojiOBax's, 
^BHA'b Bnepex^, a vb h^cbojibbexi maraxi oitb nero nosaxE, a 
sa HaiiE TonoTB e rBajirB noroHn! 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mm. 37 



XIX. 



Mhoto jAvb npoTeuo co BpeiieHH BcbTh dTHXi npoHcmecTBiS; 
1 Be pasi pasMumujrb o Hiixib — m ffl csrB nop'b Tdjph se ne 
MOiy noHflTB npniHii Toft apocTB, ROTopaa OB^ia^tjia mohitb oti^obte, 
oon HejutBHO en^e sanperaBinHirL canoe ynoMBEOBeme nps neu.'b 
mn HMoi^BinHxi eiiy nacoBi, icasrB a ne Morb hohatb xor^a C'b- 
msBCBA JijaLBUffi^ npH HSB^criH o noxHo^eHiH etl Baciubeirb!— 
Ih fleBoxb npaxoxHTb bi rojiOBy, iio bi hhx'b sauioqajiacb sa- 
usno TiHHCTBeHHafl ciua. BacuiB ne BUffu^ Hacrb, xaE'L aio 
ipwojarajTB }ifLBUf;bj — He xo Toro eny 6U10: oh*b cjhiiisomi cejibHO 
neperpycucfl, — a npocro, oxHa h8% Hanrax'b f^BjmeK'b yBH^aia 
9ACH Kb ero pysax'b h seMexjeHHO xoHecia o&b aroirb Terst. 
Giqrb (SopB h saropbicfl. 

Hiasib, MH MiaiHCb no jjiws^j no caicoi ea cepexHH^. IIonaAaB- 
oieci Haicb npoxosie ocraHaBJOBaiHCB hjih ciopoHoiHCb bi neAO- 

fviHiH. nOMHHTCa, OXHETb OTCiaBHOtt CesyHA^-MafiOpi , HSBiCTHllft 

({opeiTHnnb, BHesaiiHO BucyHyjicfl hbi oima CBoei RBapTspu — h 
ncb 6arpoBuB, ci TyaoBHo^eirB Ha nepeB'ici, neHcroBO sayiiojiio- 
nn! «Oiofi! xepaul^ npoAOisajo rpen^Tb sa HaicH. — ^aBUA'^ 6t- 
UdTb, ipyxa ^acii na^ fojiobok), Hsp^Aaa BcnpiirHBaa; a Bcnpu- 
mttn Tos6| H TaiTB se, r^'i ohi. 

— Kyxa? — Bpsiy a ^aBu;^, bhaa, tto ohb GBopawBaenb 
A yju^H FL nepeyiOBi — ^h cBopaqHBaa bcjtI^ sa hhitb. 

— Ki Oirtl— Kpaqgrb ohi. — Bi BO^y ixi^, bi p^Ky, ki qopry! 

— Crofi, CTofi, — peByra sa naMH... 

Ho Mu yse lexHicb no nepeyasy. Bon nairb na Bcrpi^y yse 
HMiiio x0iOAiOM!b — H pfoa nepexb HaiiH, h rpflSHuft Bpyroi 
^ycKb, M x^[)eBflBHii& MOCTb ch BUTflHyiiiirB noneiTB o6o80mx, h 
npHHBOiHH& cau^n (tb HHsott Boait mjardayiia;— Torxa cojxaTs 
14WUH cb iiHsaiiH... AaBHX^ yse na Mocry, Murca memo cojAaxai 
ioit)piit crapaercfl yxapsn ero no Horairb nHRoft — h HOoaAaeis 
n npoxoAHBoaro TeieHsa. — ^aBUXb MTHOBenHO BCKaxHBaerb na 
oq^ua — i>wh B8iKaerb paxocTHoe BOCB^HiiaHie... ?to-to 6tjoe, hto-to 
miy((oe CBefwiyio, MeASHyjio Fb Bo^xi — arc cepe6paHjae ^acH 
wAcA G» 6HoepHiiirb BacHAeBuirb mHypBoirb noier&KH fb bozhh... 
Ho TfTk coBepoiieica h^^to HeBtpoaxHoe! BcxbKh sa nacaiiH hofh 
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Dm Boepexb) cb pauertBniHMHca ^xann ^rpTu, onncbiBaerb 
n W9ffxi i^yryio xyry — Fb sapsift A^Hb xas-b BcnyrHyrua 
wyBn H[amK>r& n BucoMro 6epera fb BOfj npyxa— g ktho- 



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Bcnjecsib BHHsy... 

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ff. HaxoAHJCfl RB H^BOJiBSHX'B mararB on ^aBHxa, sorxa owh 
cnpiirHyjTB cb nepnji'B... ho a xase ne hoxhh), saspHHajnb-jH a; 
He ;(yMaK) ^ase, hto s Ecnyrajci: £ oh^u^jtb, a o^typ&TB. PysH, 

HOni OTHflJIHCB. BOEPJTB MOHfl TOJBafflCB, (HVhSB JlOffi] H^ROTOpiie 

ncffb HHX'B mh£ HOBasajiHCB sHaiMCHMH: Tpo^^im BXpyrB npo-^ 
MejiBKHyjTB, coji^arB c^ nHSot 6pocHJicfl kjW^to btb cropony, jo- 
ma;V ofiosa nocnimno npoxoABjt hhmo, 8$ApaB&H Bsepxy npH* 

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yiiajTB. 

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HoroifB BTB pyv^, fOnmy, BacHJiBA... MoBpHS, Ojecraoiii ^jtob^ibb 

BKBOIOB'B H0A:B MUmBH H81 JIO^BH 1^0 JiflBUf,9L, O0£ pyBH BOT0pait> 
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vysHXi BsopoBi, H no^osHJii erOy b% npH^epesHyiD rpssB, Ha ennny. 
Jiflsaxh He meBejnunifl, cjtobho BBirflnyjicfl, CBe:rB nffms h HDcra- 
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tnftJtbj ^(JpH^HBifi HO OAesA^, Ha^ajs pascBassiBftrB, xpoma on 
xojioAa H (esnpecraHHo otbo^s bojioch oto j[(5a, BtoB obi bto <;x6- 
MBM. (HeHB OHx HpHJiHHHO H cTapaTejn>HO pascflmoBajTB. 

— BHsy fl, Tocnoxa, nt6 sa npH^raa? EaB% axnerB arm na- 
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toify BHaio — Honaii ohb vb canoe crpeiui, Hpoaecei*B ero nox% 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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nyflpoCTB! 

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BMWb, — saiiiTvn 910*10. 

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XOMOll 

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npvecoeao aeiifnHjrB qwqi^ Bpon Hamero Acma. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



40 racTim ibpoiih. 



XX. 

Ero paBx&ra, homsuh Ha BpoBaiE. Yse Ha yjnii^ owh he- 
^9LJ^> noxasaTB SHaBH shshh, Mcraan, usMucb pyBaicH... Bi bom- 
Haxi owh coBci^iTB npHmejTB fl ce6fl. Ho Basib tojbko onaceHk 
8a SH8HB ero MHHOBajnicB e boshtlch C!b HH1C& 6sLio yse oa xu 
Hero — HeroxoBame BCiynEJO vb cboh npasa: bc6 orciynHjracB on 
Hero, KaiKB otb npoBasseHHaro. 

— noBapaft ero Bofb! noBapat ero Bon! — BHssajia Mrsa 
Ha BecB xoiTB.— CtfyffTe ero By^a-HHtfy^, IIop^Hpifl nerpOBHro, 
a TO owb emfi laByx) ($£xy naAtaaen, iro He paouietfaeniBl 

— 9to, HOMEjyfiTe, 9to acnnffB Baaoft-TO, a& ■ <S4cH0BaTHfl,— 

nOMftHHBaJl'B TpaHBBHUHTaTHffB. 

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Moft XBepH nameft BOHHarti, }i,jiSL Toro, hto6u ^HBUfih ee nenpe- 
M^HHO ycjiiimaj^— nepBo h& nepBo yBpajr& ^acH, a norom htb 
Vb Boxy... He xocmBaflcfl, mojtb, HHBMy... Ha-sa! 

Bc%, Bc6 HeroAOBajur! 

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Xii ^ero TBI 910 cjdbitun? 

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?t6 fl laBoe cx'&iajrB? 

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mryBa. YirirB 6u njiaBaTB— naporoo 6a npHrnyxB. BBiyrjrcB ne- 
npeir^HHO. A sa to ^aoi TenepB — Twrnol.. 

Ho TyTB oiei^B u(A TopsecTBeHHHVB maroiTB Bomenb vb namy 
BoxHaiy. 

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nopH) nenpeirlHHOy ne oMHiBatci, xotb tb nonepesB jiaBBH yse 
He losHiHBCH. — HoTOiTB oHi nojxfuymjtb Kb nocrejiH, Ha BOTopoS 
jesaxB flfiBugb. — ^Bb Ch($hph, — naqan obi BHynnitenHmrB h 

BaSHBIlTB TOHOITB, — Vb CH(tepH, Cy^apB TH MOtt, Ha BaiOprt, KB 

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BaTEi, Menie npecrynHH, h&tb tbi! CaMoytfHBei^ th, hjot, npocio, 
Bopi) Hjffl yse BOBce fjpnxb? — caasH tu imi oxho, Ha mh- 

JOCTB?!! 

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WtJth BOH%« 

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dmthy EMfh'tmij^ paenntfcfl,— npoMOJBHn obtb, spexTs h Mop* 

mfCk. — DOMEHTCfl, 6peBH0 MeHfl BOAOlt lOlBHyjIO. 

— Buxkrh TBL Paee;? — ^npHteBHJTB oets Bj^pyvh. 

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— Hy, a rnnovh... bbx^^tb th ee? 

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BpOTflyjl* 

fljUMjfh BoroiomHicii. 

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mo B 8j(opoBi&, ^rco HHHero co mhoio. 3aBrpa se b y hhtb 6yfj. 
Oxo^H CBopie^ fipan, o^ojobh! 

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paseBie ero jmnfi, sasajiocL ote tofo en^e 6ojAe HCBpeHHHMi»* S. 
WBMMPh uolusj m Bmnen hbb xony, crapaacB ne nonacr&CB na 
rjBBa OTiQr b ho naiMBunm eny ero otitn^amB. 



XXI. 

«H vb caMOB% x^Li%»9 pasBHiHjfljB By BxyiB vh JlMamacb: 
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jie OHB (Son bhx^*... 

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J VBHB BB ynaxi sasBeHin crpaniHiiift, paBXBpw>B^ bpbke... 

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nq^XB XOVBBOM^, BTE BOTOpOlTb BBapTBpOBBJrB JlaTBBHl, pBB* 

ciBBftiCB ny^TupB, sapoondtt apanBBOtt b otfHeceBBBft bbbbibb- 
BBMCB luMBem. EUu nepe($paBCB b mpesB aron njereBB (bb 
Btpom, HB bbbbtbh He Com bbi^K Kas% mobbk FaaaaBi npex* 
oaBHiocB Cjrt;^yfl>ntee BptJiBn^e. Ha HBSHefi cryneHBB'i BpHBeBsa^ 
aepex^ XOMwiS eai^a Paaca^ otfjOBOTSBBiBCB na Boi'bHa b hox- 
oepeBi noA^opowm CKpeB^eHBHBB naui^aifB; ohb FBBxiJia npaico 
» ynops n^xib cB((o»; Boaib nea cioua ea h&mbb cBCfptvaa 
B Bpecmuribio awaxBBaia BByrBBOn^ a aepeffE BpsuupKb, chh^ 



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ycramaBi moh manEr^ osi SHesaimo (K^epHyjca, HpocfiiB na sop- 
TO^HH— H, TOTqaeb HQAGBOHHBi Ko locb, daTOBopvn vpeBBinaiiio 
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nieHHoe, <$e88y6oey xpacHOe mrsfi^ 9th qf^yrjrae jycsjiue pmskh, 
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CMKCJeHHaa, ROCHO^H<iHafl pi^B... %o arc rasoe? ^bo sa Heve^ 
jOB^^ecRoe OTvaflHie Tepsaera 9to Becoacasoe eyn^eerBO? %o sa 
«iuflCBa <;MepiH»? 

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Mos BacHuaiHa! Boi!b, oat o($^ retepB aa ej^ nopRy^w/ IIojk)- 
(jyfiTeeB, npaBociaBHiie! Tojibbo y ueHa h 6ctb am ffsb jo- 

fP^MAl A? 

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H x^jiajTB cTpamHHfl yaudfi, ^xo(^ pacioisasaTB nj^, a^ Hen 
6hjio fffejio. Paeca, aasaiocB, He cjHma^a BOBce, ^ roBopHXB ea 
ore^B, a cecrpH^n^a opoxojsajia noxjouBiBaTB BHyrHROirB. 

— npon^aft, 6pHijdaHTii^B%, Jdpon^aft, npon^kfi! — npoiaHyxB 

JIaTBHHB HbCSOJTBEO paSIb Cpfl^y) C^ HH3BHMH HOBJIOHaMH, BEKB 6u 
0(^AO«tBIIIHCB, ^TO HOftMajl HaBMfil^ HOHjTmOe CJOBO. 

y ifena iHuoiia spyroiTB noiua. -^ ^so atro Bce mvuaaS-^ 
cnpocHJirB a BaByK)-TO crapyxy, Burja^piBaBliiyio bvb mhe xoirasa. 

— JljBi wrb^ 6aTmoaa, — OTB^^aza nm na pacn^BiB; — roB<^A, 
^ejOBte'B Eavoft-ix) — h sro obi^ roemiAB ero iWMrB — Tcvyi^ 
coLn, a OHa ero sHilja. Hy, oepenyrajiacB, ^evo jh; opiinm 
ogiHaBO... 3Banero; xft sam c&ra na pyn^yvisB — ei rot oaMot 
nopH BOTB H CHffn^B, saBiB HcrysaH^ aaxofi; xocb tk roiopE €A^ 
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— npon^ft, npon^ai)' — iHmro|iu% .SaTBBHm aee cb tImi ^ae 

TOUQBaoiH. 

I& iioxonie:ii'B kb Piatii h ocxanoBicica ipaiia iiepeA^ mem. 

— Paneonca, — saqm^an a^ — wr6 cb to6od? 

: Osa HHiero ne ois^ajia; cxomo m m saiftoiia veuu Jboga 
en He mKSiiffi&iO, He ssH&nuoca ^ na iuae*w laMeBBoe em% 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mm. 48 

1 fisipftsaEde he Bern Taxoe... isaKb <iyfxo wnrBWh ceftucB ona 

— ^B, Kocaa se ona, Eocaa, — jfeneraa mh4 m yxo 
JamffB. 

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rpeirae npesraro:— shfb h baopoke; shbi fyLvaKh, tei noHHMaeim? 
Ero BHTan^HJH iis:b boah, oh^b TenepB AOica h bcji^^ cxasaiB, ^mi 
smpa npHxerb b^ T^ib... Owb shfb! 

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m v&cRoiBBo pas^} Bee dojAe h ($01*16 hx% pacntHpoia; norroMft 
nrnysa roaoBy Ha 6oa'B, irofleMHory noterpoB^Lia bch, ry<(iz ea 
pieapEUHCL... Oea MexMHHO, nojiHoft rpyxBio noroHyia m cete 
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aporoBOpHBi: «Jiia... ^aa... aui... shb%>, — nopErBaeto BCfajia c^ 
q)iiL[B]](a H ycrpeifiuacB... 

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Ho cienca noxoxaxiiBaa h nomaimBaacs, oara yse (HSwaia 
^epeffh nyenipB... 

A, pasyntoea, nycraicfl sa aeiO} uexixy Titti aaa-B nos^ii' 
WBa ooxHajarca xpyxsaH^ crap^ecail h x^Tcaift Bonu JlaTaaBa a 
nyzo-H^Mofi... Paaca inrajiacB npaiio si aavB. 

— «BarB Biix&icfl ;teH6KfB!* — JtyMajPB a, crapaacB ae orcra- 
Bass 0TB MenaaBmaro nepe^^o-aaos) mpaaro iLiaTBH]i(a... Hy! 



xxn. 

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sua B!B aOMHaiy, VKb zemajrb JiflBUKh a npaico tfpooaaacB eay 
aa rpyxB. — Ox%... otb... Jlja... BKixyniaOy — Basaen^^ ea rojiocB 
marttOKi^ paaeynaHBHTB ea ayxpeS,— orBl, 

CajBHO BSMaxHyffB pyaana, otiaaM oe JlfiBUfnh a up aa aa'B sa 
aei raaoBow. 

— npocm Mwa, eepm^ xoe, — nociHrnaica a ero roaocs. 
H o6a oaorao sasepia on paxocia. 

— ^ onero 2ie tb ymaa xonofi, Paaoa, xn wro ae ocis^ 
iacB?— roBopajTB a eB... Oaa ace en^e ae npanoxaaMajia roioan.-* 

— Arbf ae saaa)! Ax^b^ ae saaxri He enpaaxaaafi! Be naa^ 
aB BOiraa), mm wo a xoifot nonaja. Doxaa) mibio: aasy xetfa 
aa Bovor^— tio-To ywj^o aBoa... A vt6 jfocA 6um..* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



44 racTHm ibpohh. 

— y^tpHJIO,— HOBTC^Hn fyiMUfCbf—R KH JBCA 1^06 Bfjffirh 

;Q>ysHO sacMifljHCB. OqenB naiTE Ctuo xopomo. 

— flfi vto xe aro xaxoe ($yxerB| HaicoBei^! — pasAaiCfl sa 

HSMH rpOSHHfi VOlOChj FOJIOCB MOerO OTI^a. Owb CTOflJTE Ha lic^ri 

XBq>0. OpeipaTflicfl xBLy EBsxmen'hjdm jQrpa^ecTBa, uh h*!!!*? F^^ 
970 ify SHBeirs? Bi pocciiCBOirB rocyAape?Bi ue bo ^^paHi^ysoudl 
pecnydiEsi? 

OffB Bomej'B vb soKHaiy. 

— Bo ^paH^iH) ciyu9A^ wo xo^n 6yHT0BaTB ffi, desnyrHH- 
ntmA A him aaKB cic&ui cioxa nosaiOBaib? — otfpanuicfl oh^b b% 

PaHCft, KOT(H^afl, THXOHBKO UpWlOfjaMBmECby H noBepHyBmKCB ss 

HeMy MMUflWbj BSjunco 8apo($ijia, ho npoAOJsajia yjifii($aTBCfl sasoA- 
10 ucBOBott H (SiaseHHott y^H^Rott. — JifiHh Moero Bauaxaro Bpara! 
Kas:B TH xepBHy^a! Eiqe odHnfaiBca BSijfiyiiaja! Bohi ceft^acBl a 

He TO... 

— Jl^awonraa,— npoMOJiBHjrB j^aBiiXB, h cijii bi nocrejiiu — He 
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B^iy noxHHy. ^ysyio eo6cTBeHHOCTB saTpaTKjrB, na asHSHB cboio 

HOCflrHyjTB, Vh y6iITSH BBeJTB. 

— B'B saste BTO y(iiTKH? — nepe^KTB JSfissmh. 

— Bi aaaie? UiaTM wmofrnwh — 9to th sa hhito cuxaeiEb? 
flfi Ha Boxsy a xaxB jiioa&m^, Koropue xetfff npenecjiH! Bch) ceiiBH) 
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AaBEiXB pBanyica cb nocren. — He ocsoptfjaftre ee^ roBo* 
pffTb Baici! 

— Moji^h! 

— He dfittfe... 

— Moxqa! 

— He CM^fire noBopfln nolo mvbosjy-^^ujmvjpb AaBtix>BO 
lOK) raiOByy— MOD (^AymyH) aeny! 

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sa ry(Sax'B bo o^xjo, DQxopooa! H aseHBTEGfl co^Hpaerea! jQ^a a... 

— OycTHTe, nycTHTe Mena, — menHyjut PaHea, h saapamuaa bs 
XBqui. Obbl cobc&itb HOMpr&iia. 

— Ji HO y MCh soiBQu^Hia tfyxy npoesa,— t^poxoiisan spna» 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mm. 4& 

Horo OT^a, soTopoft He ceroxBff, saBrpa cm>]» nprixarb xms^hsI 
(ha KsA yRaafBy a He bit, a tto Bacaercfl xo MOHX'b jtn, 10 
HajfB e& PaHcoft He si cnixy... naAOSxem, ^t6 bh nam hh 

TOISjftTe... 

— 9S, ^aBiixsa, ohohhhcbI — ^nepe^HJii oreiiti,— nocMorpH na 
oe((fl: TH pacrepsaHHHft Bec&... IIpHJiH^e BCSBoe ndrepaJTB! 

JijtiBu^ saxBaTHJi'B pysoH) Ha rpyxH pytfanmy. 

— ^t6 bu hh TOJiRyttre, — ^hobtophjtb oh%. 

— fljBL sasMH se eiiy pon, Ilop^pifi ITerpoBEqi, sasMH eiiy 
fffi%j — sannn^ajia TfiTRa isi-sa xBepn: — a dry noTacicymKy, 917 ne- 
foxHHi\y... dry... 

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ero noeramajicfl xpyroft, crap^ecBH-CHnjiiifl h xHJiiift... 

— Bparb! — npoHSHecB arorb cjia6uft rojioci... — XpHcriancBafl 
Xyma! 

xxra. 

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BB HSBOirB a ero nexaBHO bha'^tb, sasi npHBHA^aie, xyxoft, saj- 

Xifl, XHSifi, CTOflfb JlaTBBHl. 

— A Bopl! — npoHSHecB owb BaE^-ro ho-x^kh, noxHHMafl bi^ 
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PaHca MOiHa nepenua nepearb kouesltj, h bbab^b JlaTBHHa nox^ 
pyxy, sacierHyia eny BaMsojrB. 

— nofixeiTB, BacHjn»eBHa, — saroBopHJi'B oht»:— TyroTBa Bce cbh- 
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tmicA Bpajra! — ^noBTOpHJi om n ABHiiirB HacjasxenieirB: flSHKB, 
wuomeuhy nocjiymajicfl ero. 

Mh BCt Vh BOMHaxi MOJIHaJIH. 

— A rxi y BacTB... hbohb lyrB? — cnpoCHj^B ohtb, saBExuBai 
TOiOBy H noxBaTHBaa rjiasa: — no^HCTHTi cb hbxo. 

Oob CMLn XOIHTBCfl Ha OXHffB H8B JTZOVb^ yMHJieflHO BpeCTfli^, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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cjiOBa He npoMOJBHJTB, BApyrB BCTpenenyircfl, ct&i'b cb hhitb pa* 
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BWJL'b owb rpycTHHiTb H TBXHirB vonoeoia — ^H yjiajuea. 

TerBa noAi»'i^xaja-<$suo kb Heny, ho owb oapBBHyjrB efi pisso 
H cypoBO. OffB 6£iJ['B noxpflceHi. 

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jiob^k'b! 

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pKBoarb Toae Bunua bsi BOMHaru. 

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HepB coenyTB 6u He xyjo,— h bbxhx'b. 

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Mon 8a6uTBy 9*6111 oiei^'B waA norposHi^. Ho hoh onaceHifl osa- 

MCh HaHpaCHH. On'BBCTptTHjllMeHa— H XOXB 5ll CJIOBO npopoHHXB. 

Ejvy caxoMy, BasajtocB, 6njo HejOBso. BnpoieM'b) HoqB CBopo Har 
ciynHja — h Bce yaiOBOBUocB vh aom^. 



xxrv. 

Ha cji/b]sjjomfie jrpo AaBiui BcrajB; bbsi hh bib qeBTBHetfu- 
Bajo, a Hexojro cnycTfl, fb oabhi h toti se x^hb, coBepniHJiKe& 
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cjEUiiffB npexBapHrejOiHaro HHCBMa, hhbofo ne npexynpeAHBi, CBaiEBJica 
owh BSjffh CH^rb Ha roJOBy. Oreij^i Moft nepenojoniHJica HpesBH^aftfio 
H He sHBiTB, ^iwb yTOCTHTB, By^B HOCB^^HTB Aopoiwo rocTa, Merajcn 
BftRB yrop'ijafl, cyenuca, Bas^B BBHOBaxBifi; ho xhak), Baaajioi^y ne 
canmBOM'B iporajio xionorjiHBoe ycepxie Cpara; owb to h xbMo do- 

BTOp&CB; *lffb ^BUy 9T0?» Aft *He HBAO MHi HHHOrO*. C^ TdTKOft 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^OH. 47 

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Eropa TaxsiTE) Banm oimcMBWVh mk ev& JlflMuxb. 3to (ktJTE 
ipynmtt, xflateutfi xyai^KHa) ci mnpoKHirB, pflCinrB jan^oirb, 
bwhbA h cepBdmifi. Oh% DoeroflHHno eocmjfl nuflny cb hjuo* 
luseicB, MaHseTH, sa66 h Ta6a^Haro i^xa RaMSOJi'b, ci ciauB-> 
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xne iipoe0iTjito& h noxoponrki^ jiEi^om, h rjiasa eraiH j Hero 
;(p)Tie — BeceiHe, ^Hcrpiie h djiecrflope; ho oh^ BCflnecss crapaicai 
jiibpmb aM)H> paAOCTb h He BHCBassiBaTB ea ciOBaMH: obtb 6o2Jca 
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I AOJro fiec^AOBaiH Bnojirojioca; na Apyroe yxpo s, dsoiirEXb^ 

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CBoepo csraa: o^eHB owb mn BasajiGfl AOBOieH'b. fljBiMUf:h noBexB 
evo HA nUHXH^ KB JlaTRHHUMi; fl Tose nomai'B Ty^a: orei^MH^ 
He npenflTCTBOBajTB, ho cairB ocrajca AOMa. PaHca nopasnjia Mena 
CBOBM^h cnoKofiCTBieM'B: no6jiJbffEr&ia ona h Hoxyx^ja o^eHB, no cjnesi 
OBa He npoiraajia, h roBopsjia, h AepsaJiacB o^eHB npocro; h co 
BciiTB rbiPby cipaHHO CBasaxB, a vb nefl naxoAHJTB H^KOTopyio Be- 
jH^aeocTB: neBOJiBnyK) BejinnaBOCTB ropa, Koxopoe cano ce6a sa^H- 
BaerB! JHfijifi Eropi xyrB se, na nanepiH, nosHaBOMHJica ch neio; 
no TOJfy, B&KB OHi CB EeH o6paiAajica, bh;][ho 6ilio, hto AasHx^ 
aqr yjce voBopajtb o nett. Ona eny nonpasHjacB ne xyse co6- 
eiBetfmuro cfina: a 8(ro Mon nponecTB vh AaBu^oBHxrB rxasaz^, 
soma OHi» TMjijbxb na hhx'b otfonx'B. IIomhk), Bas'B ohh sadsHcxajni, 
lorw ero oiei^i CBasajrB npa nem, roBopa o ne^ «yKHHi^a, xo*- 
saJtsa (SfyjifiTb*. B'b xoict y JlaiBHHHXi iifffi padcsadHsajiH, Hrocra- 
jmeh nao noraoB, kmkb Aorop^Bmaa CB^^Ka, h noBa ne jrarnHJca 
OLn H coraama, Bce naxHJTB cboh) aoib no BoaocairB h ¥to-to 
HpnoBapHBajTB HeBHamoe, ho He neqaiBHoe, h Bce yjuiCiasca. Ha 
aoBopoBU, BTB QopsoBB H Ha liMfifimufi MOfi oxei^B nomeai h oieHB 
joepxBO Mojuoa; ftase TpanunjiHTatBH^B nJkcB na siHpoeb. lie- 
xonuKA Paaca BxpyrB sapHAua h ynajui am^oMi na seujoD: 
esopo oiqpaBHaacB. GecrpHTOa ea, riyxo-H&caa, osHpa^ 

H BCe tiomOHMH, CB^TJIUCH H HeilHOFO AHBHMH rJUlSaMH: OTB 

W q)e]ieHH ona saaacB Kh Pancfe, no Bcnyra btb nefl 
we Bairi^aaocB. Ha Apyrofi ae a^hb hocj^ noxopom^ AflAs Erop%, 
TOopHfiy QO Bceiqr 6£U0 bhaho, npiixaji'B hsi Ch6hph ne cb ny- 
pyKam (AeHBm na noxoponu aajl'b ohz n ^asBiAOBa cnacH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ten sarpaxui mfixpo), ho soiopiitt o caM>»i% TSifomiieia MMoir 
6unA HHiero Be paacsiiBiiBaji'B h HBRasHXi CBfmx% uMBWh Bft 
tfyxyn^ee He 000611MUI9 — wa^ Eropi HHesanHO otiurai'B xoeiiy oi^y, 
iTO He Hairtpeni 0CTaTi»ca bi PasaHH, a yisxaerb b» Mocsty 
BM^bark Cb chhoitb. Mofl orei^^, npaiH^ paxH, BU(»a8an oosa- 
jjinie H xase nonuxaica — o^enb, opaBxa^ cia6o — HBnteHib xawho 
pimeme; ho vb TJij6imi ^qthih cBoei oh%, a noiarax), o^6Hb eiiy 
o6paAOBaxcfl. 

npHcyrcTBie tfpaxa, cb Boropmrb y nero 6ujo cnmwowh muo 
o^qaro, soTopui ne yxocroHirB ero xase ynpesa, soropiitt f,9xe He 
npenefiperai'B, a npocro tfpesraji'B hmi — ^yraeraio ero... xa h paa- 
CTftTBCfl ch JljaBUAOiTB He cociaBjifljo jiJUi Hero oco5eHHaro ropa. 
Mena, padyirbercfl, paaiyaa era yHBHiosua; a cjiobho ompwbn 
Ha nepBHXi nopaxi, h noiepajTB Bcaayio onopy Kb shbhh h BcaKyD 
oxoiy vh Hefl. 

Ta8i!b-TaRH ABxa yixajTB h ysesi cb eo6o¥) ne toubo JljaBuxa, 
HO,, B^ BOJiHEOMy HsyiueHlH) H ^ase HeroAOBamio Bcefl naoiett 
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ciynB'6, TCTsa HeMex^enHO Hasaajia ero Typaott, h HasuBaia ero 
lypKoft xo caicaro kohi^b CBoeft shbhil 

A a ocrajica oxbhi, oahkb... Ho f^bio ne 060 na/b... 



XXV. 

» 

BoTb h KoneiTB MoeS HcropiH cb ^acaMH. ?t6 enie CBasaxB bbmi? 
Ilarb xbrh cnycra, JIjblbuj^ seHHJica hb CBoett ^epHorytfafi) a Kb 1812 
roxy^ Rb ^HH^ apTBuepiiicEaro nopy^BBa, noratix cjaBHofi CMeprbid 
Fb x^Hb ($opoAHHCBofl 6btbu, BarnBTTyig mesapKBHeBilt pexyr^ 

C:b rbrh noprb MHoro yxeBJO BOfjUj h mhofo ^aeoBi y 
Mena nepetfuBajio; a xomejrb x&se fp laBoro Be^BBOi'inia, ^to 
npio6pij'b ce6i Hacroan^ifi 6pererb, ch ceBynwofl crpinofl, o(k>- 
BHaneHieiTb ^Hcejii h penerHuiett... Ho vb noiaeHHOirb aq^Bntft 
Moero HHCbiieHHaro croja xpaHflTca cmpHHHHe cepe6paHue Haca 
Cb posaaoMi hb ]]iB4)ep6jaii; a hxx synHji^b y auixa-pasHonpna, 

HOpaseHHHtt BX!b CXOXCTBOlTb Cb ^BCBMH, H^BOrXa HOXlS^HHHm 

Ksrib MOHMi BpecTHHU'b OTAOBCb. — Otb BpeMOHH XO BpeiieHH, Bor^a 
a OAHFb H HHBoro Kb ce6i He sxy? a BimHiiaK) HX'b mn aniBBa 
H, rjaxa hb HBX'b, BcnoHBHBH) MOioxue XHH H TOBapania lixh 
xneft, 6e8B08BpaTHO yiei^aniHX'b... 

Hb. TypTBBBB'b. 

IU|Hm, 1875. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBmECTBEHHHE M|EAIH 



Bl 



EKATEPHEHHCKYK) 900X7 



JI^BOPflHGSIS HiSlSB. 

05opHrei Hun. PyccEaro HcTopH^ecKaro 06mecTBa. T. IV, Vin h XIV. Hcto- 
pn6CEui CBixtfliii EsaTepHHirHCKoB RoMMHcciH juta coHHHeHifl npoesia HoBaro 
yioaeHia. J^ IIoiiHOBa. ^. I, 11 h HI. Cn6. 1869—75 r. 

nepBaji nojiOBHHa i^apciBOBaHifl EicaTepHHH Il-ft, arc — snoxa 
wiNnecsofi, KSLnyneH BHyrpeHnefl f^Texiaocm TaiaHTJVBOfi h 
yiHOl rocyxapuHH. Oea j^bo HHrepecyercfl Cketoboio, aROHOMH^e- 
ciOD asHBK) Poccm. Ee 8aHHMaei% h fifxe oi^acTH TpeBoaurrb 
oocTftflOBKa Kp]&nocTHoro Bonpoca, h ona caMa Bosgysxaerb ero vh 
soiuo-dKOHoiaraecEoirb o6jnfiGivb. Uym coo^qeHui, naysa h jraxe- 
ftTpa, flapoAHoe oOpasoBame, BpeAHn^ paspafioTBa ecrecTBeHHux'B 
(iorttciB3^ PocdH, nonojHeme saBOHOxaTencTBa, pe^opna cyxonpoHS- 
BOjioBa — ^Bce 8T0 cocraBjjiefrB npexMerB ea HeyciiiiHBix'B noneneHift. 
£tti^KHa BXOAHTB x^se KB Mejo^HHfl noxpo^HOCTH, caMa Heyro- 
QMO pa($OTaer:L nepom, HCKycHO noA<$HpaeTB ce6£ coipyxHHBOFB, 
BBDoneABo npHcaynmBaercii vb exi> mucumi. 

0& BocbHHxecflTKixi FO^tOBi, H AAS6 paHLmey HMnepaTpHi](a yBjre- 
Qwi csoBepmeHHO bi jspjryjo cropoHy. Ee Bcei^^o norjon^aerb 
>Hfaiiigfl nojBTHBa, rpoiTB opysifl, 6jecs'B notfi^^, BanyraHHiui, 
^QRU XHiuoMaTiraecBui OTHomemfl. BeyTpeHHflfl jijbaTexbEOcrb no 
leofixoxuioGTB oioxBHraercfl na saxmi njiaa^. Bofb ornero fb mecTH- 
JecsTBxi roxaxB EsaTepHna o&kmfierh BopeHmifl pe^pini bo BHyr- 

Ton L — flRBAPi, 1876. 4 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



50 BIftCTHHR'B SBPOnH. 

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AO BOHi^a. MHom nsi CB^xiEBix'B MHCJiefi «CeMnpaMHAn ciBepa» 
orpaHHHHJHCB nonoji3HOBeHiflHH, o6ii^hmh M'^craMB, ^pasanH, He ocy- 
n](ecTBi[eHHHi£H Ha Kks!b^ ^pasann, botopeix'b nocjsjk BOceicBAecaTi- 
xeBflraro ro^a (xiobho BcnyrajiacB caMa «$ejiHi](a». 

OxHHM'B H3% BBJi6oz^ 6jiecTfliiiHX'B flBJienifi nepBOft hojiobhhu 
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BOiTB npHSBaHEi wb MocBBy ^tenyxaTH - oi*b Bdlxi cboCoahhx'b co- 
cjiOBifi pocciflCROfi HMnepiH. 

Bi HaBasax'B, xaHHux'B ^enytaxairB hxi Hs^HpaxejuDCH, b^ p^- 
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JLHCB BsrjiflABi, cxpenueHifl, mjifieuu xorAamHsro pyccBaro o6n^ecTBa, 
BUCsasajiHCB HymAu h BejsjrE EKaxepnHHHCBOfi PoccIh. Ilodxoiiy npo- 
moKOAu sacfbdaniu, MurbHiH denymamoez u denymamcnie uafcaau^ 
HSAanie Boxopuxx npeAnpHBuuio «PyccEoe ncxopHqecRoe 06n^ecTB0»\ 
HopyHHBi peAaB^iH) aroro x^jia ^. B. IIoj^HOBy, npexcxaBJuuoTB 
BHCOBiS HHxepeci^ a^a BCflicaro, saHBMaiontarocfl BHyxpeHHeft hcio- 
pieft PoCciH. Kxo xo^exi nsy^axB ee cepbesHO, jm xoro drorb 
noTrenmift xpy^i cxanerb HacxoJbHOfi EHnrofi — xaBoft flpsift cb^^tb 
(Jpocaexi owh na xo, hx6 6ujo cb Ilexpa ao EBaxepHHH Il-ft, qxd 
coBepmajiocb y naci npH nefi ^h uocjA nea, Buiroxb ao HOB^ttonx'B 
npeotfpasoBaHifi. 

SHaBOMHfi cb HeHati^HOH) BponoxjHBocxbK) axoro po^a HSA&Hift 

BHOJOEH^ OI^HEXl, KaEnXl TpyjlflVb OHH CXOKXTb H, BOHe^HO, HOfilCeTB, 

noHeny cb 1869 ro^a no Hacxofln^ee Bpena Bnnyn^eHO xojbbo xps 
TOMa 8xoro Aparoi^HHaro c6opHHBa naxepiajOBrb. 9xh xpH Toica 
coA^psarb ox^eiH cxa-OAHoro sadx^Hifl bommeccIh (hsx AByx^-coTx 
xpeTb) H BOceifbAecflTB oahh'b xenyxaxcBift naBasi ^). 

KasA&i^ HOBaro xoica mh sa&Jh h 6yfifiwb s^s^xb Cb Herepni^ 
nieifb, npuB^xcxByfl erd noflBJieme ch pafiocxbio, sai^ jannh c 
xoiTb, Hxo HBAaxeJb He Mosexi 6uci!pbe y^oBJiexBopflXb HaineMj 
Hexepn^Hiio h no^an^e A&pHXb HacB hobumh xoMaMH. 

1) r. PoMaHOBHTO-CjuuiaTHHciift, pa6oTafl saxi CBoeft saHiHaieiBRoft KinDo&: ^JS^q 
pflHcno vb PocciH^, BHoexmeft n 1870 r., noi&aoBaicji jounb nepiraa tomomk, t«-« 
80-D XBopAHCKHMH HaKaBami. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OB^10TMHHIa EJifkSU. 5 1 

Cjffi no xo^ mffimEj vbpoamo npofixerB Ao6puS xecflxos'B 
Arhj npesxe ^itb mii tfy^eirb hm^ BOBMOSHoeiB noaHaicoMBTBCfl 
inoiR^ Oh KbaaexbEwibU) h KOHeHEHice pesyjBTaTaMH EKaxepBHEH- 
oot ROMM0CCUI, oi^^HHTB efl SHa^eme, ea, ecJiH He npaiioe, to 
EOCB^neroe Biuraie Ha xuBH^Mmifl npeo6pa80BaHU[ EsaTepBHEHCKaro 

I^pCTBOBaHtg. 

Yxe coBpeifeHHHBH RomiHCciH othochjihcb jffh nefi BecBMa pad- 
mBO. OxHH npeyBeiHHHBaiH ea snaqeme, npHB^TciByfl vb Heft sapD 
BOJinraeeBoft CB060XH (CHBepc!B), xpyrie naxoxHiH} tfo Poeckeme 
Be HoxroTOBjena ri npexcraBHTejiBCTBy (Bh6hbobx) h He 0fifi6pBJB 
npexnpuiTifl HMnepaTpm^ii. A anrjiH^aHe, rocniBinie vb Hameirb 
im^ectBb, nocM^HBajiHCB ssiKh dmirb sm>6u napiaMeHTOirb, xoxhb- 
wMWh Ha i^Kino^RasL'B nepex^ EKarepEHOio. Bo bc£x^ bthxi iih:&- 
Him, 6iiTb MoseTB, 6ujiA AOJfl npaBAM. 

S«KB 6u TO HE 6hio— cosBame BOMimcciH 6uio f^nowb^ bu- 
SBaBHimrb Bceo6wfie BEHMame. 

HaKas^, HanHcaHHHft EKaTepHHoft am pyBOBOACXBa AenyxarairB, 
€8 jaD6BMoe KBTEj ^fl professioH cle foi xofi bhoxh, B086yAHjrb ne 
Touso BOCToprb vb PocciH, HO H oHacemfl RbEBponi^ — ^BCJi^^CTBie 
€Boero jni6epaiBHaro HanpaBjienur. Typei^uifl Bofina noioauua ro- 
Bei^ KOMXHcdH. ^enyraTKi noHaAo6Hi[ECB na no;i£ 6paHH. fl^bjio 
lOMMHcdH He 6hjio ORonqeHO, sa^aqa ea ne BanojiHeHa. Ho ona 
na Bpeitfl npo(5ywua pyccaie yMH, BEisBajia na solbju), HHTepecnyio 
Kecij^y tfesriacmifl ^poBHH^iH. npoeBTii, eio cocxaBieHHue, levja 
n ocHOBame AUBoiflniHxi npeo6pa80BaHitt EsaxepHHEHCRaro i^ap- 
^mwaHiE (y^pes^eme o rytfepniflX'B 1775; JKajiOBanHafl rpanoxa 
XMqttHCTBy 1785). HeMHorie HaRasu, EsxaflHHe ao cex'b nopi, 
fMMBHBaPTB^ RasB sEauxejiBHafl qacTB pyccRaro ^BopaHCRaro otf- 
qecTBa OTRaEKHyjiacb na bsbobi EMnepaTpEntu. B'b nepBEixi x^yx'B 
TOHarb HaneHaTaHH 49 HaRasoFB ote abopahb HocitoBCRoft ry6epHiE, 
n TpeTbeM'B— xpE naRasa nexeptfyprcRaro XBopaHcxBa, 18— hobfo- 
po^^fauut), 5 — CMOieHCRaro, 6— apxanrejoropoxcRaro ^). 



AAMHHHcrpaTBBHoe A'^eme PocciH vb 1767 r. 5hjio hhog. MocsoBCEaa ry^epHU 
lorxik sKtmua Bi ce&b buome^ hih orqacTH HHsimHUi ry6epnH: MOCBOBCsyi), TBep- 
cifD, jqN>ciJkBCiyD, EOcrpoMCcyi), BiaxHMipcsyi), TyiLOKyD, saiyscKjD, pflsaHCsyi). Bi 
cocian BOBTopoxcioft Bxoxua: bcj BHsteuia HOiropoACiaa ry^epmji, bcji nciOBcnui, 
MOBemaa, lacn neTep67prcKofi, ^acxb TBepcsofi. ApxaareioropoACiaa sauD^aia vb 
oM BCD apzaHreiBCKjD ry6epHiK), bcd BoxoroAcsyi) h nacib BocrpoMcsofi. ry6epHiH 
■oxpaaxiuiRCb na npoBHHiqH, ]IpoBHH^iH sa ytexH. TaBmn o6pa80Mi lum ry6epHift 
nmHau vl ce(^ Becb cisepB s c^Bepo-sanaxB h Bce no^rn „cepxi;e PocciH^. Maio- 
jacMiomocTb xbophbckhxi BaEaaoBi rpoHSAHoft apxaHreucioft ry6epHiH othacsjieTCB 
Tin, ^To n ciBepBHZi ea ytexaxi XBopjrae k noMiniiiHBi specTMee cocmBUiH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



52 BftCTHIKb BP(»niL 

Hasasn oth f,Myrh hsitb shbj^ BaprnHy (imi, BdVMffivb h cipeM- 
lemfl sHSiHTeiiBHOft ^acin Hamero xyjiBTypHaro caoa bi XyiII-» 
vkvb. dra BapriHa cana no ce&b wb^b pasHootfpasHa, to) rl sa- 
CTOflQ^eft CThTbi MB H orpaHH^HMCfl eio, He RacaacB KhvteibEOcm caiiot 
soiacHCcmi fb Bucmeft cieneHH .iH>6oiniTHofl, — ho HCTopia ea o^i- 
jaercfl, noBTopaeirB, AOCxynHOH) Hsyiemio jihoib no biixoa6 Boero 
rpoMaAHaro Maiepiajia, f,o Hea OTHOCfln^aroca. Ilpexi HaMH aBmcfl, 
laKHMi otfpasoMi, ffBopflHCTBo cpeAHeff, c^BepHOtt E ciBepo-sanw- 
Hoft PocciH vh noioBHH^ XYIU-ro B^sa, RaBEMi pacyaKTB ero /fir 
nyraiCBie Haaasu. 

CorjacHO otfpaAy? npHJiosenHOMy r^ MaHHJ^ecry, coiiiBaBiiieiiy 
xenyraxoFB, abopbhctbo vb aasAOirB yisxb citssajiocB, h hoxb 
pyBOBOACTBOiTB HapoHHO A^fl Toro HsfipaHHaro npe^OAHTeJUi bii6i- 
pajio cnanaja A^nyraTa, a wvbwb BOHMncciio, Boropaa AOiSHa 6Hja 
co^HHHiB Aifl Hero nasaBB (HHcrpyai^iK), cahier), cb HSJOseBien 
Bcix'B HysAi» CBoero cocsoBia n y^jifii. 

Bb BEiCopaxi MorjH y^aciBOBaTB Bcb xEUiBky BiaA^Bmia rb ffiBr 
HOicB yb^Jl!b noMd^TBeiTB, ho HCBJiio^afl n sen^HHi. Jlai^a, xoropHS 
no^eicy-JiHtfo ho mofjih npiixaTB na Bii5opii, nocujan CBOH,ro- 
loca HHCBMeHHO. XeHn^HHu Bcb noxaaaiH cboh MH^Hifl aaono* 
Ho BB ^BCJki miewhf noAnHcaBmnxca noxi HasasaiiH, Bcrpi^aeifB 
sencsifl :unnB bb lopBOBCsoifB Haaasi. 

K'B cosajiiHiio, MH ne MOseirB cb to^hoctbh) BUBecra hsb 
naaasoBB, aasoft npoi](eHTB ^BopaHB npanaji fb Bu^opaxi h co- 
HHHeHiH Haaasa junHoe^ Henocpej;eTBeHHoe ynacrie. JlamB no hIbo- 
TopHiTB HaiiesairB mosho npe^nojioaBHTB, hto jifiLxeso ne Bci, shb- 
mie B'B jbdjsflx'hy ;^paHe BocnojBsoBaiECB cbohmh HS^HpaTejiBHiiiiB 
npaaanH. IIoc^iiAHaa craxBa Bepeficaaro Hasasa rjacHiB npaMO, ^ao 
npH H86paHiH 6hjio iiaio najra^niix^ XBopaHB. j9(ifiCTBBTeuH0, noxB 
HaaasoMi ^nrra^'B Bcero 5 hmohx. JI^HTpoBCBift naaaffB nacHBTB- 
aaerB wh yisfi^ jifl Tpexi-cxrrB nonrln^HBOBi. Mesxy rbwhj HasaaB 
noAHHcajiH xpHHaAi^aTB, — npoii(eHT% aecBiia HesHa^BxeiBHBift. Bb ny- 
CTopseBCBOiTB yisjsjb 6ujio ab^cth noicbii^HBOffB, naaasB noAnacaaB 
TpHxi^axB-TpH. IlytfjH^HHfl Hpenifl, ch'^^jm, Bu6opBi 6ujiTi Torxa na 

PyCH A^OlfB Heo6£I^HHIfBy H, HOBHABMOMy, He HHoro HanuocB Ha 

Hero oxoTHHKOBB. HsB 49-TH yisj^ovb MOCBOBCBott rytfepmH tojbeo 
vh AByxi (mocbobcboitb h MHxafljiOBCBOirB) TOCJO ABopasB, noxnH- 
caBfflHX'B Haaaai, npeBHmajo 100. Bi ABawaTH-OAHOBTB yfefft 



caxoe lesHaixTeuHoe MeHunHHCTBO Bcero Haceiema, Tavse savi vl dbBepo-BOCTO^HHxi 
jioxftxi HOBTopoACsoH ry6epHiH. A ytexaicb, vfi 6wio uaio noM^nuiBOBi, npexociaBU- 
AOCh Bft BOJD npidftTb UH HO npiciftTb xenfTaTOBi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBqi€TBlHHHl MfMMSi. 53 

DOjpnicaiocb ueisAe xBaji^tTH, fb toitb hhci^ nonaw^Toi usrby 
DecTB H ceifB noxnHcefi. B% c^BepHiix'B rytfepmcTB hscjio nox- 
BHoet BOo6ii^e Topa»fft 6ojiBine. O^H^pa xecflib nonaxaeioi Bcero 
pa pasa, uewke jificarn He Bcrp'iqaeM'B. ?to se sacaercfl ao ^HCia 
jo^s, noAaBmHTB imlHia sao^HO, to ero onpeKbiwrb HeBosMosHo: 
<Wgff& joanh lopBeBCKifl ybsKb upinjoxsurh Kh Haicasy cnicoR'B hx-b. 
BafB 9Toro cnBCBa Bwjijinnj hto abhjhcb Ha Bu6opH j[(BiHigq](aTL 
leaoBteB. IlHCuieHHEift otsqbi npncjajH nflrBAecarB-TpH. 

HeopHBHHROfl KB otfn^eCTBeHHOfl SHSHE H A'^flTeJEBHOCTH, paBHO- 

j^ex^ Bi otfn^HicB rocyAapcTBeHHiiiTB BHiepecairB otf'BflCHflHntfl 
I pesyiBTam xBnyraTCRHX'B bk[6oporb: ohh najiH bb 66jBniefl ^a« 
€!■ T^iteAOBi Ha jraHHOCTH, saHHMaBmifl BHXHoe if^cio bi cjy- 
jK^Hot iepapxiH: saBaiepoBB, renepajOBi, cenaropoBi^ na^ajiBHH- 
wmk Kouerifty o^Hi^epoBi rBapxiH. B'b ^Ecjrb hxi Bcrpi^aeicB 
ipa^ Ileipa naHSHa, rpa^a Saxapa ^pHinneBa, EH(JHBOBa, Ha^ 
pinnKHHHX'B, KHjiBfl EE^eptexoBa, BHaaefi BojrROHcsHTB, rpa^^a Bo* 
poHi^OBa, xByx'B 6paTBevB OpjiOBnx'B h t. n. Tojibro 8 yisAOB^ 
ntfpajH vh AenyiaTH orcraBHux^ xBopflffB. 

EIXBajH cnpaBeAjiHBO no amoMy noeady o^bkhhtb name ABOpan- 
cno Jfh ^BHono^HTaniH, bb HHSRonouoHCTBi: bca HHTeuH^eH^ifl 
wh TO BpeMfl 6u2a ciysHJiau; jtoah, croflBoiie y x^^, Bjax^Bmie 
nepon h asuKOirB, ;iioxh, ctb rotophmh cana HicsepaTpHi][a js^bsEr 
MCh MHCJHMH, He 6e8B ocHOBanifl sasajHCB H86HpaTejfl]rB 6oxbe 
eDOco6Hiiifs npexcTaBHTB nxb bi saKOHOAaxejiBHofi kommhccIh, n^m 
wbCTHSie HecjiysHJHe, paxoBue ABopane, BOTopiie, ^iitb Mosen, 
finxe cTOflJiH KB noTpe^HOCTfliTB cocjOBifl, HO 3a TO 6ujai uoxb- 
Mi BOjyrpaMOTHHMH, HeBHaBoxEniH BOBce ch npieMaicH ^Bopa h 
eiom^raaro o6ntecTBa, nocpexH kotopbitb fpsmau (hje ^yBCTBO- 
BUB ce6a HeiOBso, oxbhobo h tfeanoHon^HO. JUjbl h Bonpocu, boto- 
piie HM'B npeACTOflJio o6cysxaTB ny6jH^H0, 6wLif usuio SHasoioi 
HOitiii^HBy-xovocbAy) yuomiBniexycfl x&s^ otb nodbntenifl yisjxr 
rnsna cobpamfl. — EsaTepHHa snajia, cb vaaxm cpexox) Hirija 
xkio, H co^ia HysHiiirB npsBJieiB x^nyraTOffB o6^jnfimeui» pas- 
larD poxa npeHMyn^ecTBi ^). 

Hasasii, cowHeHHHe xBopaHCTBOirB x^ HstfpaHHuxi im xe- 
nyraToifB, o^eHB pasjH^HU BaB^B no coxepsaHiB[), TaKB h no ^pwb 
BJMKenui. PaxoiTB cb BoponraBBHMH H (SeacoxepsareaBHUiiH Bcrp^ 
uaatOL BecBMa x^HHEie, npoxyManHiie h x&se HsantHHe oa 



1) J^etfttLn HaBeerxa 6un e9o6oMfiB% on rliecBaro HaBasmii, maois m cuepr- 
Mi ntm, a vmMm ero on boh^ HCBai^ix. HaHecodi ocBop6ieHLi xenyraTy noxsep- 
taicfl xm^^mouj iiaaaamD. ffiujrtk'nM'b xani 6hjh vu HoneHiii ocotfae sHan. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



54 BiOTHffln mpcmH. 

cnrJiK). ^pesBu^aBeo BypBeseETB^ Hanp., lopBeBCsii nasasi, koto- 
piift« uocjA HeE8($&BHiiz'B, CTepeoTHiiHHrb Bnpasemfl diaroAftpflo- 

CTH 8a60TJniB0t MOHapXHH^, BHpasaOTB BBpaTI](% CBOH HysxH H 

nosejiaHifl laB^: 

«?T0 se KacaeiCH xo npexcraBjieHii o&b o6mfai% Ej;kf,axb h 
HexocraTsax'B h kb BOscraHOBJieHiK) rocyxapciBeHHHX'B npavs, h 
Ha oHoe BcenoxAftHH^flme se AOHecTH, hto sa HOAOBOJiBHuirL n- 
01011% HacB, ^KiBniHX'B Ewb vb co(5paHiH, a oco6iim> h no csy- 
jifljmjo Hameiiy^ a b% tomj s'b h no nojiy^enHuirB orb npo^HTs 
H)pi>eBCEiix'B ABopanB oisEiBaiTB... Kb npexciaKieHiK) nniero ne 
o^flBJieno, MUj KpoM^ Toro, hto HM^erai re npoHSBexemH no 
fffopui cyjsfivb bojuikui npoxojsenifl (Ran bc&tb HSB^bcTHo), npefr 
ciaBBTB He MoseiTB; a KUfh h o6'b ohovi, lan h o Bcen^ h 
^TO BacaercH ao ysaBOHema h BOscianoBjeHifl rocyxftpciBeHHsm 
npaBi, TO Bce npexaeiTB b% BucoHafimee es nicnepaTopcEaro Ben- 
^ecTBa icaiepHee i](^OMyApeHHoe pascMorp^e h coHSBoaenie, vb 
TOiTB H HecoMHHTejBHjno HaxesBxy vMiiewhy tto bo bcoitl tomi ■ 
Vb coxpaneniH n npHsp^^Hm nacb, B^pnonoM&HHHX'B pa6oKb, otb 
es HimepaTopcBaro BejranecTBa, no A^poBaHHOMy ea BejHHecrBy 
OTB BceBumnflFO otii otfn^eii'B 6jart nponniiaTejiBHOMy i^i&jiOHy;q)iD, 
ocraBJieHu ne 6jf,ewb^ h npo^. vb xoirs se xy^^- ^JOfi 6ojAe 
ffiBOJbnuwb CBoefl cyxbdoft h B^pyio^iiirB fb MyxpocTB Monap- 
ZHHH flBJueTCfl nasas^ MypoMCKaro XBopflHcrBa. «Mii, GjjLymn vb 
co6paHiH,— roBopHTCfl vb neirb, — no aoboibhoitb nameirB o6mfiit!b 
pascysxeniH Bcero MypoMCBaro xBopsHciBa, HHsasEX^B oiiironieHii 
H Bysx> He npH8HaBae]fB». 

Btb H^BOiopuxi naBasaxb ropnia Bnpaaaenia B^pnonoHimHi- 
^ecRBTb TfBCTBi saHHiiaiorB cjramBOiTB BHXHoe iricio CpaBHHiejIBHO 
Cb HBJOsemeirB ii^bcTHiixb Bjsmb h noTpetiHOcrett, n 9ih nasass 
vaio HHTepecHH.* 

Ho orpoMHoe tfonnuiHCTBO npexcraBiaerB Becuia peajBHiitt^ 
XHBOft HHTepeci no 6oAe hjih Me^ noxpo^nony BOcnpoH3Bex^Hiio 

XiftCTBHTeJBHOft XBOpflHCBOft SH3HH. HaH^Olte BHX^UBOTCfl, KaKB nO 

coAepsaniK), thb'b h no ^pifi, Hanan apociaBCBaro xBopflncTBa^ 
coHEHeHHufi oieBHXHO nox^B BjijiHieii'B apociaBCKaro xenyraTa, 
HCTOpHBa KHflBs III,ep6aT0Ba; socrpoMCKOft, vb cociuiemn koto- 
paro npHHHMajTB j/jfrnexbom y^ame usKkisBift AjtexcaHxpi Hjbktb 
BfltfHKOFB, xmnpoBCKifi HaKasTB H xpyr. 

H^ROTopne HaKass ne caMOcroflTejBHii h saHMCTBOBanH i^'&ffl- 

KOm KU OTUCIH HffB HftKaaORB XPyTHX^B, GOCf>XHlX!B jiinWb. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBH^ICTIIIHHHS Mf^im. 55 

'Bh Buaaajcbj AasBsixh AenyraxairB, abopahctbo BHcsasaio 
wjMffij crpeiueHifl h norpedHOCTH ceoero XBopaecsaro cocjoBis. 
ftb HHXK MEi nodTOMy ecrecTBeHHO ciaisHBaeMCfl Cb xapasrepoirB 

eOCM»HUMSi. 6c£ OHH CMOTpflTb HE SH3HB CBBOBL npHSliy CBOHX'B 
XBOpOHCKHXl HHTepeCOFB H RacaH)TCfl JTOmb TJ^X'B BOnpOCOBl, ROTO- 

pse MMfbarh Kh hhmi, rx noM^n^HsairB, b'b cjiyjRHJHirB jhoaami, 
Beooq^excTBeHHoe, npsMoe OTHomeBie. Tim 6ojr£e npexcraBjiAfOTCfl 
QUA Bam jiiadonuTHHMH, RaBi peaibHoe BocnpoHSBeAeme a^&ctbh- 
Teu»A, 6yAHH^H0fl npoBBHipajiBHOfi shshh. HHBaBHX'B o6n^m 
iipiJUtHuoKB, HHHero o6ii;erocyAapcTB6HHaro: Bce ^acTHoe, cocjiob- 
Moe, uicmoey ceiodHHumee. 

Oho — &bmo h yaKO, nos&ayft, ho xaROBa 6um Torj^a bca o(5me- 
eneuHafl shshb^ oco6eHHO npoBHHiuajBHafl. Bce BticoRoe, oxBje- 
leHHoe, HSJin^Hoe, njiaBajio jhhil CBepxy, Rani jiotrkb, nacja vb 
(kmA BOAUy He pacrBopaacb rb icacci. JI|o chxi nopi en^e npoBHH- 
ipx H neieptfyprB — ^sa pasjHHHux'b iripa. Tor^a btotb pasjia;^ 6uih 
emfi CBJB^. ERaTepHHa CB ^aniROBoft tijHCTajm Ha deperaxi HeBu, 
Focnosa IIpocTaROBa ne Menie HeorpansHeHHO i^apHJa na Or^ h 
Ban4. Hey^piBHTejBHO nooxoMy, hto, bx to Bpenfl, RaRi 6ojBmoft 
Haxasi, HaRaai ERaxepEHH, Becb naB&iH^ n npoHHRHyrs boa- 
mnrb, mHpoRHMi, npocB^n^eHHuicnb xyxom eBponefiCROft ^hioco^^Ih 
XYIQ-ro B^Ra, otfjiaciHiie ABopancRie HanasH nponBTansi xy^oirb 
xicTHHirB, ysRHM'B, C0CA06HUMZ. IIoHaTia HejOB^R^, rpaa&AftHHH^, 
jm^ — aiadiia. HHRaRnxi o6niHXi nojiHTHHecRHX'B nonoJSHOBemft. 

^^pffHCTBO HH^erB TOJIBRO TOFO, HT06u BH^^^TB CBOe COCJIOBio 

KTB paxa xpyTExifj h otferaBHTB ero co bcIx'b cropoHB jiBroTaicH h 
npenyniecTBaMH. ^pahctbo — onopa npecroja. He pas'B cnacajKO 
OHO oie^eciBO otb HeiuiHyeMoft rHdejm, ne n^aAa RpoBH h HMyn^e- 

CBBa BOTB OCHOBHOfi MOTHBl ^OJIBmHHCTBa HaRaSOKB. Bo HMfl 9THXI 

sacjyrB oho npocvrb nodmeepo/cdeniH ecnaz ceouxh npeotcuuxz 
npu&UAeUu vb hobomi yiosenm h dapoeanis ncewcz. Oco6eHHO 
ipso BiipasHJincB hoao^hho Hxeani h BosABixaHia vh Haaasaxi 
apocjutBcxoiTB H RamHHCROicB. nocj^AHifi ^pnyjiHpyerB CBofi BxeajL^B 
o6n(eciBeHHaro crpofl xasB: «BCflRaro poAa jcsowosih^ RaR'B XBopan- 
ciBy, laKB Ryne^ecTBy, paBHuici otfpasoiTB h pasno^HHi^airBy hto6h 
HOsaioBaHii 6u3M reHepajBHHfl npHBHjeriHy \di6u. RasAHft poffB 
iiiii^ CBOH npeHMyn^ecTBa h oaqhi bi Apyroro npeporaxHBu ne 
BoynajTB, h BCflaift 6vl noASOBajaK^a t^m'b, h^itb 6jfifiTh npHBsie- 

IipOBaH1b». 

HasasH xoAETaftcrByioTB, hto6u na CyAyn^ee Bpena npaBo BJia- 
1^ aeMMMw H BpecTBflHaMH npeAOciaBjeHO 6ujo OAHOiiy ABopsH- 
cajy «aso 6oxb^ wka jpomf/meith cbohicb h BocnHiaHieirB npn- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



66 BftCTHHK'B EBFOHH. 

CToflHiiirs BjiafflTB xpyrHMH nofflaHHUMH esL HMnepaxopcRaro Bejra- 
^iecTBa»,— TEE'S MOTHBHpyerB cBofi HaBoarB flpocjiaBCBoe xBopaHCTBO. 
JifiO]^SHBWh nojimewh 6eitb EstfaaxeH^ otb i^iecHaro HaBasaHui h 
GMepTHoft BasHH, FB Basoe 6u npecrynjeme he BnajrB, a jnAme 
ero «o(k)ero po^» O^BSHMoe h HeABHSHMoe) (xtb ]EOH^HCBa^iH. — 

^BOpflHCm A^TE AOJSHU 6IITB OTJflqeHU Bl BOeHHOft OiysCi OTB 

pflAOBHX'B APyrETb cocjiOBifi. ^Jlfi co6jiaroBOjieHO 6jfifirb m vh Ha- 
RasaHiflxi otjieibtb j^opah'b otb npociHX'B jno^efi; mh paayM^eiTB 
npesi cie ho sa BasHua npecrynjieHifl 6HBaeMHfl; Aa^u KaB'B Hnvfe 
npfliesan^ee ^(BopflHCTBO b'b BocnExaHiK) cboexi A^xefi, ne MoraH 

6u OHBEfl OTB ESJIflniHefi B'B HEIfB CXpOrOCTE, BaSOBafl MOXOTB OTh 

He paaxflqifl HaBaBaniiiy jiEnrnxBCfl aHaiHHX'B Miicjiefi} BOiopnii ^rpesB 
XOJiroe BpeMfl po^^xejiE bx hbx'b imjEjatECB bjosetb*. 

MosaficBifi HaBasi BBipasaeTB naAesjiQr na to, hto fb hoboitb 
yjioseniE 6yAeTB onpex^eHO hoboo HaBasame 3a (Ses^eerie ABops- 
HEHa (jBi^Bfl, no6oE B pyrarejiBCTBa). 

npesHifi cnoco($i yAOBjerBopemfl (;(eHesHafl njiaia no pan- 
raiTB) ocBoptfflxejieHx: «e($o abopahctbo qeciB cbok) cb A6HBraMH 
paBHflTB He MOryTB». RamEECBift naBaai npexJiaraerB CBsn^eHHEsa 
HjiE o^Ei^epa, ocBop6EBmaro ABopflHHHa, jiEmaTB ^hhorb; xBopa- 
HEHa se, oSEA^Bmaro CBfln^eEHEBa bjie o<|»Bi^epa noABOpraTB jnnnB 
AeneamoMy BducBamH). DlyftcBifi naBasi* xoAaTa&cxByerB o xapoaa- 
hIe ABopflHaM^b oco6uTh SHaaoBi npE orcraBB^. ApocjraBCBifi bh- 
pasaeTB sejanie, hto6h nepBHft npESUBi xBopflHEHa kb cyxy co- 
Bepmajcfl He nocpeACiBOM'B cucbhoS, BavB otfaBHOBeHHO^ a no- 
q)eACTBOifB hob^ctbe: «xoTJi caiia cotfoio Ben^B e ho Basnaa, ho 
AM Jiynmaro noBasaHifl mejocte b^b nairB HaniEXi HOHapxoB%». 

nerpoBCBaa «Ta6ejB o paHraxi*, A^jaBman ABopaHEHOirB BCflBaro, 
AOCJiysEBmarocfl ao o6ep%*o$fli](epCBaro ^nna no Boennoft — h xo 
KOJijiescBaro acceccopa no rpasAancBofi c^yxJ&ky cocraBaaerB npex- 
MOTB, BecBMa n^eBOTJEBufi AJifl ABopflBCTBa, — ero ^ojiBHoe m^cto. Bojn- 
niEHCTBo HaBasoBx Ha pasHue JiaAH saaBjiflerB, qxo saaoBaTB abo- 

paHCTBO MOSOTB OAEHB VOBapXB; SBlDh paSHOHEHI^a, SM^IDO^arO AHH* 

jioiTB B31 pyBi Monapxa, ABopaHCBoe o6niecrBO roroso npESHatB 

CBOEITB COtipaiOlTB; BOpeSHOe, pOAOBETOe ABOpflHCTBO He MOserB 

noMEpETBCfl ch rbwby HTO BasAii^ «noAjraft ^ejiovbKh^j sacjiysHB- 
mifl MapmEpoBaHieM'B b noBBHOBeHieiTB na^ajTbHEBy o6epi-o$Ei^^[>* 
adft ^raHB, EMenyerB ce6a ABopaHEBOifB, nosynaerB AopeBSE, bjui- 
A^^eTB BpecTBflHaME. IlerpB BejEBifi, fobopetb abopehctbo, mffjn^ Ta- 
CejiB panraxi jiEniB fb BEAy MHoroxpyAHOfl mBeACBOfi BottHH, a^ 
DOoqpeHiE cjiysEjmrB jiK>AflirB9 fb BOiopizx'B TaBi nysAaxacb 
Poccifl. TenepB aio jiEmHee, e abopehcsbo npocETB HMnepaTpHqy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBH^EOTBEHHHE HJ^IAIH. 57 

ycTRHOBHTB onpex^jieHHyH) rpaHHiQr uesRjsj nacTOfln^iacH, npHpox- 

HHMH XBOpflHaHH H JHOXBMH, IipHCBOHBinHliH Ce6i HeAOCTOftHO dTOTb 

eob H coexBHeHHUfl cb hhitb npHBueriE. RpnTepiyHOirB npH aroirB 
X02XHO cjqrsHTB HH'bHie HjiH HeniriHie ;(BopflHCBaro ^(HiuoMa. 9to 
ipe6oBaHie H^BoiopHe HaKaBu MOTHBHpyiorB h t^itb, ito bs caicot 
«Tai($ejM o paHrax%» (nyHsn 16-fl) sanpea^aercfl npoHSBOJiBHO npn- 
cmmanb ce6b xbopahctbo. 

•HiaiTB — roBopHTCfl wh apocjaBCKOiTb nasas^ — ne co6jiaroBO- 
JOK) ME 6yf^e^h npi^o AOCTflnnHirB wh o^Hi^epcsie mnEU^ jipopsM- 
€nro saBTB HiceHK, tslkl h nporax'b xbopahcshxi npasi oxM^ffHTB 
(vrnpoe no nysA'^ npesHHX's odcrofliejiBCTBi 6£ijio x^ho), KaBOft 

(fa ^UETB HH Hlri^, XA($n AOCTOhAcTBO ABOpflHCKOe, BOTOpoe, ABO 

I fiiaseHHOft H Btraott cjiaBH AOCToflHoft naMflTH Ilerp's BezHBOft 
<9r& nfiejfl o panraxi^ ud^ciuieTCfl, exHHCTBeHHO FocyAapK) sajioltaTB 
npnaxjesBTB, He 6hjio ynox^ieHo ^pesi BaBia xpyrifl npoHC- 
BftHH yqiraeHHiifl npOHCXosx^Hifl; h taBi 611, bto Basoro 6a qsHa 
HH xocTHTB, eoffi He HOjy^HTB OTB MOHapxa CBoero, exHHaro Mory- 
iqaro HarpasxeHia cboh noroKCiBy ycjiyry y^HHHBinaFO npsuosBTB, 

XnUOMa Ha XBOpfiHCTBO, HMeHOBaXBCfl XBOpflHHHOlTb n nOJIBBOBaTBOl 

ax> npaBomb xo tofo ne MorB». 

KamHHCBifi naBasi, nponBTannHfl xaBHirb ace xyxoicB, , odm- 
uerb, ^TO «He XBopflHHHy xBopflHHHOirb 6kitb 6ojr&e ecrs BCflBaro 
iiHa», H BO Hiui 9Toro npocHTB pa3o6paTB xBopflHCTBo no BJiaccaiTB, 
«xoi!opHe HdciapH XBopane, Boropue xocJiyasHJiHCB fl cie xoctohhctbo, 
a rpethETb ysaBOHHTB) BavB hjtb BcrynaTB bi de xoctohhctbo>. 

<H6q)aBHeHH0 6oxle Tpefiyerca sacjiyrb npex^ sacjiyraicH o^^h- 
mepcBHXi ^HHOVBy ^To6ii He HM%H)^^ft npaBa noflxercBaro 6ujrb 
wh TO xocTOHHCTBO B08BexeffB», roBopHTB jqTxoBCBiS HaBasi; «a ecjor 
a nojiy^emeifi ^nna o^^Hi^epcBaro 6j}ijrh nojiy^aTB h xoctohhctbo 
■mercBoe, to ^pesi de MOHapmee npeHiiyn^ecTBO, Boe tojbbo 
oxBUTb rocyx&P^uci ^ npHnaxsesHrs, ^to sajoBaHie XBopflHCTBOirb 
ocnercfl Tqenro. ^a h peBHOCTB h HSJiEniHifl sacjyni b% xocth- 
memo Toro xocroBHGTBa yse npecranyn 6£itb nysHUMH*. 

nyeropseBCsit naaasi npexJiaraer^, hto6£i jnniia, xocjryAHB- 
maacsL xo ffiOfpsactBSLj ho ho noJiynBrnin XHnjoica, mryjoBajtHCb 
«iHmeBHmfH>; ho othh>xb He nprnracBiBaTK hitb «6jiaropoxifl»9 
xn TOfOy ^TO CJIOBO «6jaropoxi^> caiio eo6oft ffiffn SHaxB, ^ro 
h npoHcxoax^Hie CBoe wiAwb «xp6Bie otb 6jiaropoxH(A 



Bon FB BacHxi BHpaaseHuix'B EBaTepHHHHCBoe xbopahctbo 
dpamcfl UBB mosho 6ojAe o({ocotfiTBC« on xpyrnx'B cocjioriS, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



58 BWrBEJi% BBPOnH. 

SaxpyXHETB HOBOMy, CJySHJIOMy J!(BOpdiHCTBy, BUBBaHHOliy Ha CBblTh 

pe^pHOH) Ilerpa, AoeryirB vb cboh psiwa. x 

B'B 8T0MI cTpemeHui leh o6o€o6jeHiB) mi saiii^aeirb o^eHK 
xapasiepHyK) ^epry, cyn^ecTBeHHO OTjraiaK>ii^K) Hamy apHcro^paxiia 
npomjiaro Btsa otb crapHHHoft sanaxHO-eBponefiCBOft. 

BoAmHHCTBO eaBasoBi tohho h onpeix^eHHo BncsasiiBaeics 

FB TOM'S CMUCJI^, ^TO BJa;('&Hie XepeBHflMH H BpeCTBflHaiCH ffijmBO 

cocTaBj[flTB "^HCTo ABopflHCByK) npHBHaeiiio. $a6pHEaHT£i H saaox- 
TOBHy HaKynHBmie cb paspimeHifl xoro se Ilerpa Bejnncaro na- 
cejeHHHfl xepeBHH, — npexMerB HeHaBHCTH J^wpsa^>-u(aAmJaovby 
npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO cpexHe-pyccBHXi. SaBOXH — rjiaBHHft upwsowh 
6ivjiJAX'b BpecTBflffb) «nepButt •saHajrE wb no^^i^rairB h yspiiBa- 
laiBCTBy*. SeiueBjiax^Jiei^-saBOA^HKB OTBJieBaerB CBOHX!B BpeciBflH^ 
OTh xoxa H vbuj* paspymaerb seuxjiibjde — dwvb rjaBHuft hctov- 
hhs:b eapoAHaro h rocyAapcTBeHHaro 6jiarococroflHifl. Totb se mo* 
TEWbj mub H no noBo;Qr «Ta^jin o panrax'B*, cjnimHTca h vb pas- 
cyxiAeBUiTb synenecTBi: Ilerpa BejaEHBitt BCfliecBH noBpoBHien- 

CTBOBajTB BOMMOpiUH, mX)6u BUBeCTH 66 HffL HHHTOSeCTBa, Bib BOIO* 

poiTb sacra^'B. TenepB Kymifivb h saBO^OBi cjamBOirb mhofo: 6ojn»Bie, 
^iuj> Tp66y6TCfl. Ohh ho BunojiHfliorB CBOoro HasHaneHifl, noxoicy hto 
npoAaiorB cboh nponsBOAeHifl xasi Aoporo, hto bhtoxh'Io biuihck- 
BaiB HX^B BS'B-sa rpaHHipi. B'B leMy S6 hmi 6n^6 noAsoBaTBca 
seiuflMH H Bp6CTBflHaMH? H TO, H APyroo aojsho OTHtint craxB 
XOCTOflHieicB OAHoro ABopflHCTBa. Ho OAHH'B jHmB myftcBift naBaai 

rOBOpHTB, HTO, Cb ffpyroft CTOpOHH, H ABOpflHCTBO HO ^(OJUBHO 8aHH- 
MaTBCfl ^6pH^araifB npOHBBOACTBOlTB, «H Vb TOlfB ByHO^eCTBO H 

XBopflHCTBO HHsasoro 6u CM^meHui ho hm&ih». J^pyiie HasaBH, 
nacraHBaa Ha Heo6xoxHMOCTH OTo6paTB y BaBOA^BOBi xepeBHH k 

SpeCTBflH^, yXOBOJIBCTBOBaB^ HXl, BnpOHCinb, COOTB^ICTBeHHHlCB ffi^ 

nesEMuwb BOSHarpasAemeirB, h ho jtyuBJorb, (tb cBoei cropoHH, 
orpaHHHHTBCfl npHBHjerieft seiae- h patfo-Bja^Hia: ToproBaa, ^M^ 
pn^nafl x^ieiBHOcrB npexcraBJuiercfl, HanpoTHBx, Hameify xBopsH- 
CTBy BpaftHO co6j[a8HHTejBHOK>. Oho He TOJUbBO eH> HO CpesraenB, 
HO flBJUiercfl xftse conepHHBOiTB Byne^eciBa. ^BopancTBo sejaers 
nojiy^HTB HpaBO na Bcb ToproBua, npoimnLieHHUfl sanaTifl HapasH^ 
CB BynenecTBOiTB, xora 6h ^noABepraaeB no;i^ Bcb rb npaBa h 
TflTOCTH, BOTopnfl HpH ycTaHOBjeBdH H yqpes^^emH TOprOBtlX'B shi!B 
FB HMnepiH ffla Basx&ro M^u^LHCBaro npoMiicjia oco6o ysaBOHfleioi 
6uTb MoryTB». ^[pocjaBCBifi naBasi, lasB neByjqiftcfl o xBopuHCBOft 

HeCTH, paXOlTB CB tIiTB otf^BflCHflerB, HTO «B0«IHB0 XBOpflHCTBO He 

ynpasneno cj[ys6oK> roeyxApK), ho ne KOHBrne ynpasHHerca h 
FB xoMOcrponrejiBCTBi, noHiunjum, hto xoMOcrpoHiejiBCTBO saprH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



0BII(I0TBBHHE1I HffkXSl. 59 

BjTjapHHxi jioxeft xhiaerb hx'b H3o6Hjrie, a o6ujiie naprHRyjiflp- 
nm eo^HHflerE o6Hjde rocyxapcrea*. Ha dTOirs ocHOBamH apo- 
ciaBCKifl H KamHHCKift Hasasu xoxaxaftCTByiorB o xapoBamH npe- 
BueriH OAHOMy jiBopflHciBy saBOXHTB ^a6pHKH) o($pa6(miBaK)]i(ui 
aexjex^kiB^ecBie npoxyKTu (jiewh, neHBRy, bhho). 

BeJHBoft nojiBsu j^ Bcero rocyxapcTBa osHxaerB xbopshctbo 

arnxb yisjsflvb orb x^iejiBHaro ynacTui CBoero cocjiobIa bi saicop- 

dot, «Baj[OB0fi» ToproBJi'6. «Hanie BynenecTBo, — roBopHTE apo- 

cnBCBift HaBa3i», — nojiyxBKoe m, HecMorpfl Ha nporexi^iio^ euj oBa- 

SaBBJD, HBTX^ He OCHOBaJO HH BOHCyjetf, HH BOHTOp^>. 

ToTB me Hasasi, sajiyflCb Ha noBeAeme xepeBencKHX'B Batfax- 
moffB H q&iOBajiBHHKOFB, HpeACiaBjflBnmx'B nep'^ffKO BecBMa onac- 
hhS au noM^npsa BjeifeHTB, npex^araerB orxaBaTb AepeBeHcsie 
u6aMM Ha OTByni caMHifB noMtn^HBan's, a BynenecTBy BcrynaiB 
n TBMie on^a jmmb rb aiy?a'6 orsasa noM'liiiHBa. 

Bhho h sHHOBypenie nrpajo BOo5n^e 6osbmjio poJiB vb shbhh 
TMWoiHHro xBopflHCTBa, H 9T0 OTpasHJOCB vh HaBasax'B. 

EsarepHHa 11 rjiy6oBO oropHHJia XBopaHCTBO ysadOM^ 1765 r. 
]ifi aioro yRasa noiiin^HRH noiBsoBajiHCB HeorpaHH^enHuifB npa- 

BOKB BHRypHBaXB BX HM'&HiflXl BHHO H paSBOBHTB OFO Ch C060H) 

no TopoxftMi. yRasTB 1765 r. sanperHJi'B RypHTB bhho vh xepoB- 
jOTh vb OTcyrcTBiH noM^npisoB^) A^a B36']&saHiH RopneMCTBa co 

OgpOHU npHRaSlHROKB H RpeCTBflHi; SanpeTHJTB BOBCO paSBOSHXB 

BiHO no ropoAani. TaRHirB otipaBom, CJiysanpe xBopflne BunyaR- 
Vsaa 61UH HHTB Kb ropoAaxi noRynnoe bhho, o6xoAHBnieecfl ro- 
piwo Aopoze AOMamHflro; RaR'B hobrycho oho RasaiocB ABopaHairB— 
9X0 BeeBMa TporaiejiBHO HsodpasaerB RaxueBCRoe abopahctbo, na- 
laBino^ee takb Bsjoseme cbohx'b nyiRffB: «no nytiiiHROBaHHOiiy 
nponuaro 1765 roxa yRasy, xBopancr^y vh ropoxa bhho h Boxay 
CB oo<SoK> 6paTB H no BHHHcsirB B08HTB Banpen^OHO. noceicy xbo- 
pfHezBO, mf&i mtsJSfh h o6ep%-o^Hi](ep€Rie hhhu, npi-lxaffB kb ro- 
poxifc, 8a HOHH'lHieirB npH ce(i£ xomoboS boxrh H.BHna, npHnyaR- 

IfflH 6HBaiOTB Ch HHieftHUXl XOMOBIb HORynaiB BOXRy H BHHO^ 

HHOTflm 01& npoTHBHUMH H CB HenpHCToftHBQfH cnei(iflMH H Sana* 
^. no^eify xBopflHCiBO, no xapaRiepaicB hx%, brx'^^tb npHnyaR- 
RB foiTB ce(i& HexocTaTOBB». HaRasu o6oHeaccROft h dtsoA- 
vA iuxhhh (HOBFopoACRaro y^^sxa) sajyixrcfl na npHi^kHema h 
oteAH> xoTopHirB CO BpeiceHH ssxaBifl nenaBHcmaro ynasa nox* 
i^uoTCfl xBopane, FBi8acaK>nq6 vh ropoxa, otb OTRynn^ROBi h 
1XB BOBftpeHBsm. Ha sacraBaxi ohh (^i^epenoHHO ocianaBjiHBajm 

XBOpiBS, SeHl, X^ft H npOBHBiH HTB, «HHHHJH OCMOipiI H pas-^ 

ma o({HxniiH npnifiTSH*. ^a tfesnjoxHHXB if^terHocieft cbnep* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



60 B^CTHHKl BBPOnH. 

HHrB H ciiBepo-sanaxHHLX'B rytfeprnfi (HOBropo;(CBoi, c.-neTep6ypr- 
CRoS H cMOjeecRofl) BHHosypeme eiAm rpoicaxHoe arpoHOMinie- 
CKoe sHa^eme. IIpH noMon^ 6apAti mosho 6ujio ot^h^ho Biisapic- 
jraeaTB CBorb h yAO^pHBaxB seicjiK). EesrB y^otf penifl ona HH^ero ae 
xaBaja. 

n BOTB, XBOpflHCTBO Vh 60JIBIiniHCTBi^ HaRasoBi, «iipHiiaAafl Vh 
MOHapmHM'B CTonaMiy npocHTB o B08o6HOBjieHiH npesneS^ crapo- 
B^HHofi npHBu?BH» cBo6oABaro BHHORypeHifl H CBo6oXHaro BBosa 
BHHa vb ropoxa. ?to($£i ycnoifiOHTB npaBHTencTBO aa cnen sopqeic* 
CTBa, BepeflcRifi HasaBi, hh icajo ae BaAyMUBaflCb, npeA^araerb 
ycraHOBBTb CMepTHyio BasHB ABEBrnHHCfl vh 9T0H'B npecryiueHiH, se 

HCRJIIO^afl H ^(BOpflffB-nOll'ill^HBOBl. 

Jloporo($yscBoe rajiflxercTBO (cMOjeHcsoft ry6epHiH) BSAuxaerb 
npesHHX'B npBBHjeriflX'B) nosaiOBaHHHX'b nojbCBHMH Kopojunra* 
nOATBepsAeHHux'B AjieBcbeiffB MexafijOBneiTB, loaHHOirB h Iler- 
poMi AjieBcbeBH^aMH, h yHH^xoseHHux'B EBaiepHHOH), KOTopaa bojib* 
HOcriH) cpaBHflja CMOJieHCBoe miflxercTBO cb poccificRBirB ABOpfls- 
CTBOiTB. Hs^ 8TBXI npHBHJieriS Bcero Aopose 6ujia, om6o}i,em npo- 
xasa BCflRaro BRonoini^ecRaro xepeBeHCRaro npoxyRra (BBea, nsBa, 
Me^y, neHBRH). 

He Majo neyAOBOJiBCTBifl BiipasaiorB saRasii MOCROBCRofl ry- 
6epHiH Ha npHBHaeriio Ryni^OKB h ^^fipBRanroBi cyAHTBca He fb 
otfnvEirB cyAe6HHX'B ictoax'B, a vb 6eprB- h nany^MiRTypib-ROjaeriH. 
3a MaiiffniHirB hcroitb abopbhctbo BUHysx^HO i^xaTB vb Mocssy 
HJtH nereptfyprB. A saBox^HRH, padCHHniBaa na to, ^to &bffiMe 
noM'In^HRH He noixyn na mRifl nsxepsRH, ^hhatb hitb Bcasis 
o6hau: npHEHMaHTTB Ha ^M^poBff &brzaTh RpecTBanib, TpaBATB jyra, 
py6flrB Jiica u npo?. OTHomeHifl uesLfj XBOpflHCTBOifB n Rynem- 
CTBoiTB Boo6n^e npeAcraBifliOTea BinaRasaxi Rpaflne Bpasxe6Hiiiar. 
npHBHJierifl 6opeTCfl cb npHBEJierieS. HcaycciseHHo cosxaHHoe 
ropoxcBoe cocjoBie h6 BKinojiHaerB cBoero BROHOnHqecBaro nasna^ 
^enifl H BUBBiBaeTB co cropOHu xpyrnx'B cocjiosift cHJBHyio koh- 
KyppeH^iI6 vh cbcwtb saHanaxib, BOHRyppeHI^lo, ecrecTBeHHyK) h 
HeHstfl^SHyH) npH xaHnnx'B yciOBiax'B. Ecjni xBOpflHHHX aajMerci 
conepHBROiTB Ryni^a vb onroBoi sarpaHH^HOfi ToproBji, vb 4)a6pH^- 
nom> Kbjrb^ to He MeH'ie CHJiBHuifB conepHHBOMi btb ToproB^ Me* 
jiOHHOfi, posHH^HOi SBjijieTCii RpecTBflBHffB, TaRse HeyxepsHMO CTpe* 
]UI^^fica KB ToproBoi x^^a^^BHOCTH, Heyromnio 6opR)^^ficfl c& 
Rynii[oirB-RyaaROMi h apioHHHHRoici. 

GyXB($a Hamero sa^yinon^eHHaro RpecTBflHCTBa t^cho, Hepaa* 
pHBHO cBflsaHa CB cyxB6oK> xBopaHCTBa. BoT% noveify vb pasciatiy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBHIECTBSHHHI VfiUU. 61 

(nBa^nm Ham Hausaz's Bcrp^qaeirb xqbojkho doraTuft Mttre* 
pan H ji(u o^epsa TorAaoiHAro noMmema, KpecTBAHx. 

Hb Maio He coMH^BaacB vh (Se^cjioBHOirB npaBt ABopflHciBa 

Uaj(6zb HOMaHHHMH H HZ'b HMyn^eCTBOM'B, HO HaneRafl HH ClOBOlCb 

ofe ocBo6oJBjieHii BpecTK9Hi» HJE xoTji 6h oOb orpaHHiemE noMi- 
^roixs npavB, Bcb Hasaau lasB hjih Hna^e BacaiOTCfl oocroflHk 
ipectuHi, HXi OTHomemS itl npaBHTexBCTBy, syne^ecxBy, irb no- 
MimDn&eft Biacnr. IIpH aroiTB iioM&iitHBfB OTHOCHTCfl vb ujxbkj 
pttniBO, CMorpfl no TOny, pascHaTpHBaerB jle owl ero ci to^bh 
^lioi CBoefi eemiij ^acrHCBoeroHexBHSHMaro vMyn^ecTBa, hjih cb 
una sprbmn veiOH&qecRoS oihtoocth, sas&iaion^^ npaBO na 6ojAe 
u MeHie CBo6oAHoe cyn^ecrBOBaHie. B'b nepBOifB cjiy^a*! owb 6e- 
pezen h ^esyuHyK), h ^HHancoByK) CHjy noxBJiacTHaro any cy- 
B^eoBa orb xan^HH^ecTBa Byni^ h saseHHaro HHHOBHHBa, crpeiiflCB 
oGxpamrb 8th chjh au ce^. Bo BTopoMi cjiyqa'iy rxl BOSHHKaen 
BOHpon peryjupwamH BOUHaro BpecibflHCBaro xpyAa, o m^ 
fu% Hponarb iqiecTBSHCBHX'B no4$iroBi— (SapHHB OTHOCHTca B'BMy- 
XBy yse He n h^^bhoctud h noneinrejiBHOCTUD, a, nanpoTHBi, 
CB secnracuo. 

^l,BopaficiBO BO Bckch HaBasaxi npHHHMaerB nox^ cboh) sa- 

npny T^Ntwye HHiepecH BpecrbAHCTBa Benxb^ vfjb 8th HHiepecH 

etUEMBuncsL cb i^ne^ecBHMH, 8a6oTHTCfl o6l otforan^eme cbohx% 

mm^BTh. HaBBSEi apBiMH BpacBBMH pHcyion npHx^neHifl pas- 

BMto poAB, BOTopmcB no^BepraiOTCfl vb ropoxars on zjnnfivhy 

nracrparovb h paiynrb ^bx^aej «6e8rjiacHHe> MysHBH: hmx ne 

jmm mmymoh xjMb h jiIcb hbb nepBiixi VY^^y 7 t^^po^Hs- 

BOBi. Hx'B CesnpecraHHO odBimsBaKyrb, lasi sasi Byne^ecrBO yno- 

ipe&aer& npoHSBOUHHe b^^ h m^pei. ^jh npeAorBpaqenia no- 

XpfimsB ajioynoTpe&ieHift, jiHorie naBasH xoAaxaiCTByion o6t> ycra- 

BOBiemH KaseHBoft otfqeft mips, a KHHemeifCBoe XBopancTBo np^- 

men HasHauxb bi ropox^ Wifl «6earjacH£ix'B> BpecTBavB one- 

qna^sanvriHHBa hsi oiciaBHHX'B xBopsH^. 

Eo^ Tfme npHXOAHJOCb BpecrBflHHHy-ToproBiQr, ToproBiQr ne- 
joiaai^, poBHBVHOxy. Kynei^ crpeicniai cxaiB HeH86&BHHM% h 
BGsiHyeMEiirB nocpeiXHHBOirB MeaRxy xjnttfonann^em-npoHSBOXHre^ 
jeifB H noBynaTejeirB-norpe^HTeJieirB. U^'b^ Byni^a — juuhhtb 
KpeouiHHHa BOBMOiSHOCTH npoAftib caMOMy CBofi xjA&b hjh sewb 
n (Sasapi r& posBHAy, csymrrb y Hero drors xi^^ sa 6e8i^'l- 
HOBiB, a noTOMi c6btb ch 6apunieMi>. Hijih syni^a — BOBce Btrrfee- 
HUB BpecTBflHHHa Cb pHHBa. Ottoto HywuPB, flBHBmifica na 6a- 
wpb ch Bosowh aepna kih npeAMeraMH BpecrbflHCBaro pysoxijifl, 
UH xoffOBndft »> x^peranrB cb bopoCbobtb Bpacnaro xoBapa— 6ujrB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



62 BWlBXJL'b SBPOira. 

Bp&roiTB Ryni^a, h 6opB6a na lopssaxi nesxy BpecibflHCTBon i 
BynenecTBOMi^niJia He na acHBors, a na cMepib. B'b axofi -tfopBfil 
Bci HaRasu, HCBJiioiafl BpanHBHHCBarO) npOBOAfln^aro mhcjb o(^ 
HCBJiio^HTejBHO seM^eA^biecxoiffB HasHaHeeiH BpecTBAHi, npiiHi- 
MaHyn cropOHy icysHBa. Oco6eHHO ropfl^o paxyerB sa npaBo 
KpecTBflHCTBa BcrynaTB vb Topni naBas's jipocJiaBCBift. Owh npo- 
CHTB sanpeiETB Byni^aiTB CBynaiB xjA6h no AepeBnairB h no ;^ 
pain>: «n6o t6 npflico vb pasopeniK) specTBAHx kiohbtcjt, noHese 
^acTo Byni^u, saAaBas ^^eHBin Bnepe^i* BpecTBAHairb, eaBOHeiri^ 
npHBysAAiorB ex's 3a noJiOBHHHyH) i^ny xi'66b hmb oxAaBaiB'. 
SaT^MB cji'^AyerB' A^^nnnoe nepe^ncjieHie npoAMeroBi, npeHMyn^e- 
CTBeHHO BpecTBflHCBaro pyBo;^ur, loprb bohmh bi ropoAax'b cri- 
jQreTB pasp^niHTB RpecTBflnairB. 9to — xjii&b n «BCfl&ui icmm 
Ben;H», ApoBa H ap&hb; pomhe, bocu, xoMyru, BOJieca; saiaqi, 
cycjio, xojiCTH H T. A. A npaBO pasBOsniB no ffipevRsaeh mrrn^ 
ropmBH n xeroxB xojubho fft,me cocmBHTB BpecrBflneByio npHBue- 
riio. ^[poc^aBCBifl naBaai xoxaxaftcTByerB n Aonyn^enin npecaawh 
vh saseHHEiMB noxpflAftMi* Owb roBopsxi mhofo h 06% otxoshtb 
BpecxBJiHCBHX'b npOMEicjiax'B, Bupasafl onacenie, hxo cbjiohhocib vh 
HHiTB BpecTbflH'B noAOpBexTB soiueA^ie, ecan fie orpanH^HTB htb 
CBodoAH. 61 BTHX'b BH^axi offb npoAiiaraeTi, *m!o6u nosDOieHO 
<$iijio MysHBaMB Fb SHMHee BpeMfl otb Bym^OBB bx jiaBBaxi h y 
oxBynn^HBOBX vh nexeflniix'B xonaxi charts, a vb jt'liHee npeiui 
t6 6u EM'S sanpen^eno 6ujio, ffi,6ii ohe xorxa bb seiuexi^ bos- 
i^an^ajiECB*. Tottb se naBasB peBOMeHxyerb, b% BExaxi noompeHU 
dOMjex^jibi^airby yxpoEXb BpecrbEHEny njaxy sa tfesqecTbe na Bpexfl 
npetfLiBanifl ero Fb xep^Bni. 

Tasi XBopiiHCTBo o6opoHflj[o noxBjiacTHoe eicy BpecTbHHCTBO orb 
Bynii,a-ByjaBa. Ono 3an9[n^aj[o cb rtirb BM^cxt CBOft cotfcTBeHHHfi 
HHTepeci: nep^XBO BpecibflHEHi sbisijicsi na tiasapi cb noiA' 
n^^bEMH npoxyBxanH, e bb jiei^ BpecrbEHEna npExopuocb nioxo 
caMOHy noifin^EBy. Ob 6oraxaro xysEBa 6apEHy mosho 6iuo 
6oabnie h jene bsexb. Kb xoicy ae, bo Bjacm 6apEHa 6hjo npeA- 
ynpexETb, ?to6ii npoiciicju e xoproBjui ne oiBseBaiE BpecrbflEHsa 
OTb coxE, HeiTb fl 8a6oTfljflCb xBopsne, bbbb bexho esb apo- 
cjaBCBaro naBasa. 

B'b (j^^se^BOMB naBasi bexeitb nonHXBy peryjoipoBaTB e boh^ 
anpoBaxB i^EpByjuu^iK) BpecxBAHCBEXB x^nerB. Ohb xoAaxafiCTByerB^ 
HTO($ii BpecTBflHEHy 6e8i B^xoMa noM^n^EBa sanpen^eno 611J10 o6fl- 
BUBaxBCE BOBceiflME CBume 10 py6. cep. 

SaBpinon^ennoe pyccBoe BpecrBflHcxBO ne lepEJio HEBorxa He- 
nocpeACTBeHHofi cbase cb buceiemb npaBEiejSBCTBOxB, cb rocyxV 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBOqSOTBBHIHS HXBIIH. 63 

CDGVB. MysHicB njiaxHjn^ o6poKb tiapHHy, odpatfomBajrE ero seMjno, 
K^iaucfl non^e^HHaMH h posraiiH npHBas^BKa. Ho psfpwb ci 

TtaS OWh HjaTHJTB nOAyiDHyH) I](apH), HeCb peKpyXCByiO nOBHHHOCTB, 

oxpasaji BaseHHoe Ao6po, craBHjrb no^BOAu np&kosABmBWb ^hhob- 
HnaKB, "raHHJTL Aoponi h mochi, npeHHicaji^ vb cBoefi ms&bj Kop- 
¥Hn H noHJTB npaBOciaBHoe bohhctbo, crpoHJii na rpaHm^ax'B 
ttptyjnai h 4>opnocT£i, buhochji'b Ha luenax'B 9 BasenHyio luerB. 
On 6uJth saKpinon^eHi h CBepxy h CHHsy. Otb dxoro BaseHHaro 
saqtoon^eHU naitasii crapaiOTCfl no bosmoshocth o6jerHHTB xpe- 
czun: saBHa OTHHHa^ia vh cbok) nojiBsy h Bpeiifl, n pysH, koto- 
fu Kovjui 6hi npHroxHTB(^ BjiaA^jiBiQr. H^KOTopHe HasasH npo- 
CRb yBCOBHeHifl KpecTBflVB OTh Tflsejioft o^flsaHHocTH oxpaHenifl 
saaeHHHX'B sacivB, xpyne — o($:b oxM'i&Hi^ hjh yMeHBmeHiE noA- 
BOX%. HaxasH UHHcmtt h BeneBCBift iipeA^araK>rB oruinisTb no- 
J^y^l^^yl^> noxaTB h saH'lHHTB ee ^^pyrnicH HajoraifH, xaBi* BaB'B, 
njara no ouaxy sa cxapux'B h yBi^nnxi, KpecTBflne lepmiTB bo- 
iHKoe OTflron^enie. H'^Koropne naBasu xoAaTaficTByiorB o&b y^e- 
meBieniH cojih, BOTOpaa BOBBucnzacB ao 40 b. sa nyxi. 

norpaHB^HHe cb IIoJiBnieiD jism noBropoACBofi h CMOJieH- 
cxoi rytfepiiH ropBBO sajiyDTca na ^ednpecraHHua noTOHBn h 
nocipotsH ^pnocTOFB, 6oaBnmx'B norpaHHHHux'B AopoPB, o6peMe- 
BMKXbBpo nocraBsy ^ypasa h hoctoh norpaHH^niix'B BoflcB'B, 
inrionvaBmiixi cuu h Bpeiia HysHBOFB. 

CoBcbwb EEMBj He vb noBpoBHTejiBCTBeHHOiTB, a vh BapaxeJiB- 
aoiTB ift osecTO^eHHO]ii» Toni roBoparB naaaBH xaiTB, vgh ohh 
saeaDTCs OTHomeHia speci'BflH'B vb noMin^H^Befi BaacTH. 

06^ 0CB060SA6HiH BpeCTBflHB JIHHHOH'B HJm HMyn^eCTBeHHOMl He 

ynooonsutercfl, aaai CBasano, hh eAHHBiirB cjioboicb; nanpoTHBi, BamHH- 
€Kii roBopHTB: «He o<$HHyflCB, xojshh 6UTB BpecTBaHe vb 6e8- 
oipiqaiejBHoirB noBHHOBemH y cbohx'b Bjia;(&[Bii,eBi h vb nojunoft 
MTb BiacTH, ffi6u THnmna h cnoBoflCTBie otfn^ecTBa rocnoxcTBOBaiH 
h 9S0H0ifui, no npHJiesHHiTB Tpy^aiTB xoBflHHa, pacnpocrpaHaeica 
(faua BO BcftxB ea nacrax'B 6e3npenflTCTBeHHO». A Haaasib otb 
XOopiKB inejOHCBoft naTBHH (noBFopoACBaro yisjifi) saBannHBaeica 
cjOBaiac ^HUH*! ne tojibbo octb npHsci^anifl aoctoSho, ^0 jioah 
X specnurae H^BoropnirB bhaoitb noici^n^HBaii'B cbohitb, abo hb- 
jfpeue nociaBjienHHiTB na^B hhhh rocnoxaifB, noaiymanie no 
xJkcBOJuy yMeHBmaioTB, a MXb octb xpesnee yBaBOHeme nan- 
aposafimee xpaHHiB noBHHOBeme orB Bora HstfpaHHOMy h na^B 
Hm nocraBJieHHOMy xoHapxy^ aao se h hiih'6 Bjia^tion^efi naiar 

fKJMfipSBb K BHCOBOHy 62 HaCJl^AHUBy OTb BClX'B HaOB H nOTOM- 

BannccB cb aojubhhm'b ycepxieicB h patfo^DHHifB noBnnoBe- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



64 B^GTHHS^ IBPOmi. 

meiTB HcnojraieHo 6yfiSTb; a npH toitb BcenowLEwMtme npocBM, 
ffi6u vh coxpaneEde japeBRSLVo ysaBOHeHis h xBopucKie jdxh h 
BpecTBiiHe vb noA^easaii^eicB nosHHOBeHiE, abo CBOHirb rocHOxaicB, 
6uuLy H Tou'b FB Buwb co^sHfleMOiTB npcesii^ HOBaro yjoae- 
Hifl noxTBepxHTB cb TaKHMi o&MBJiemewbj hto ysasoHeHHaa B8xpe&ie 
noM^niHi^Bafl BJiaciB nax^ btl joofifiHa m KpeciBflHaira ne orhemr 
aercfl 6e80TiciHH(^ Basi xo uuwb 6uMy Tasi h BiipexB 6yxerb». 
ryMaHHOCTB, AO^poxymie h MHoronpocjaBjeHHaa ^Ol^ll^HqBfl na- 
TpiapxajiBHOCTB coBepmeHQO orcyxcTByiorB vb nasasax's. UodWMj 
MK HeBOAHO ocTaHaBJiHBaeMCfl cb oco6eHH£i]rB yxoBOJBCTBieicB Ha 
rbxh HeMHorax'b cxpoBaxi, vh BoropurB nporjjiAHBaerb 6ojie hjx 
MeH^ ^ejiOB^HecBoe oTHomeHie vb HHsmefl tiparin. TaBOBH cjoea 
XBorrpoBCBaro Haicasa: «yroBapHBaTb Be^esavb Basxaro bi TOicb, 

HTO($£I ABOpOBl Ha CIO9 Vb HHOM'B idkli OAHHl nOlctll^HB'By KB 

^(pyroirB pasHHe nonin^HBH, ciosacB, coxepsani HCBycHaro yiH- 
Tejifl, Xifl otfy^eniii no H'bcBonBy BpecTbancBix'B xlrefi rpaMOtft 
H npocraifB apHeiceTH^ecEHirB npaBuaicB. K'b ceiiy BecBiia na^e- 
xxLTb CBJiOHflTb noM^npiBOBi, TOJByfl BCflBOxy, CBOJBBO 6oMhme 
nojiBSH OHi MOSBerB ndLKbsTbca. ovb rpaiiornaro BpecTBiiHHHa. He 
XJfl OAHOft coxH BpecTBJiHHH'B Ha^o^eHiB rocyxapcTBy, ho h Axa pas- 
HHX'B xpyrHX'B ynpasHemfi; rpaicora ae naxarB He noM^oiaen, 
i^M'B nane, no rb aixa, vb BOTopufl pe^arB mosho rpaicort o6y- 
laiBy nponaxaiorB 6edi> bcaboS nojB8£i>. Ty se mucjb Bupasaioi% 
naBasH BpanHBHHCBifi, flM6yprcBift, BonopcBifi n ncBOBCBift, tojcbbo 
xajieBO He cb toS TenJiOToft, Boxopaa cjiEimHTca vb jpuiTpoBCBOin^ 
IIcBOBCBift H BpanHBHHCBift BucBasuBaioTi norpe^HocTB KB (kute 
npocB^n^eHHOM'B xyxoBencTB^ h coB^xyiorB bm&hhtb xBfluaarB h 
noHOMapaii'B vb o6fl8aHHOCTB o^y^axB rpaiioii pe6arB: ^orqero 
ynoBaxeiiBHO BnpexB noxJiuft napoA'B npocB^n^eHHufl pasyifB mwbth 
6yAerB». KocxpoiccBOft HaBasi, pasBHBaa Hwianx xBopaHCBOft oneu, 
npe^iaraerB npBM'lHflXB ee h bb vbwb nonin^HBairB, Boropiie 
Ky^arB BpecxBflHi. MnxafijOBCBifi coB^xyerB orpanH^BXB npaao 
noM'in^HBa npo^aBaxB BpecxBan^B na bubos^ 6esi BeicjH. Bon 
H Bcb saflBjema wb nojBsy BpecxBflHHHa, Bas'B lejOB^iecsaro cy- 
H^ecxBa. BexHoe m^cto, nanpoxHBx, saHHicaHyrB uiphi j^b npeBpanie- 
Hia BpecxbflHCBHX'B no6iroFBy BOxopux'B ynoMHHaexcfl bo bc£x!b 
no^xH HaaasaxB. 9xo 6iuia B^HHaa, noBBXHUony, HeHBievHifafl 
flSBa noM^H^BBOBi. Cyxa no BHpaaeniflirB n o6ii^eMy xony Hasa- 
8OBI, BpecxBflHe 6e8npecxaHHO 6bvuiiL otb hcbojih, noAnmwjaa ropH>* 
Hift ifaxepiaji'B A^a UyraqoBni^BHu. 

«rjiaBpBiM'B BanajiOM'B b:b uo&brswb h yapuBaxeiBCXBy*, m 
cpexnefi Pocdn, aasi ku yse ynoMHHain, oiysHJH saBOXH k 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBnqunnBiHiii ixxuH. 65 

^/ftSpMEM. MymMKh sBiucfl pa(k)THH]io]rB ioa saBOX^ h saBOx^Hs^ 
nmunuTE ero sa cioero. EMMdojAe xlicTBHTeiBHnM'b cnoco6om 
n npeciHeeix) dioro 8jra Hasasn CHBraHrrB sanpeniteHie saBOx^n* 
tUTh m 4^pnBaHTairB Biax^ RpecrBiiHaHH BOo6wifi. BojiBHOHaeif- 
Hue fiti6aTHBKE xMasHH 6u 6euih o6fl8arrettHO mcbib ovb cbohtb 
focnox!^ nacnopTB h jBMhwneibEusi nHCEMa, sa nox^niHHOcrBio 

KWO pi U tt XOJUKHO 6hJ0 SOpRO CJTIxHTB npaBHTejlBCTBO. BropHiTB 

naaiOKb x% yspiiBaTeiBCTBy npexciaBJuiiOTCx pacKOAHs^iBH cshth; 
omno yfexH, Hai6oj£e TepEflII^e otb aroro nenpiflTBaro codxcTBa, 
iflp i aitTBjfM y r B otfi HCBopeHemH pacBOja. Ba6ii yCtraiH wh sa- 
sqaoiy craBOBHjHCB coixaTRaMB h t^'b ocBo6osxajiHCB otb no- 
jjffcmneft Biaera. fiepeftcui HaisaffB paspaacaercs rH^BOiTB npo- 
TEBB noisoBEix^ KOMaHxipORB, xoiiycMJDii^HX'B Taide 6paBH. BonjB 
onaflHui cJomiMTca vb Haieasax'B c&Bepo-sanaxHtix'B ytexoB^i no- 

TfUMRiEaXh CB IIOJIBIIieX) H OCTSelCBHMH npOBHHI^SMH (nycTO- 

pseBCBOMiy ncBOBCBOWB, XoporotfyscBOicB H xpO- ^F^ uo&brB 
ipeoBflirB iTpmHM<uH x^ftcTBiiTejBHO ysacaH)a](ie pasM^pii. B6a- 
oaa nojicmiiBa stbx'b saKaaoFB HanameHa B:u[oaBeBie]n> jsacoB^ 
Hiauil, npoiBBOXHifiixi specn>aHaMH naxB .cbohmh rocnoAaMH, 
Raooift, no coBepmemH botophtb ohh HaxoxuH tfeaonacHoe y($t* 
mqe Kb Maer^ocxaxi noncnoS miaxTii hjih ocrrseficRHSB 6apoHOBi. 
HansB noxpo6HO otiucmiHyn, ^6 HiieHHO BieBJio nysiiBOffB na 
lysyx) CTopoey. KpecTBflHe 6ijjvh ee ctoibbo otb noMln^HSOBrB, 
jApnorrh HaBasii, cbo^bbo ot^ rocyxftpciBeHHiixi cjys6i h tafo- 
crei, KOiopiu, x^ftcroireJiBHO, icasB uu ynoMHeajiH, 6iijni oco6eHHO 

MHOWWC ieHHII H 06peMeHBTeJ[BHU Vb M'ICTHOCTflX'B HOrpaHJnHBIX'B: 

<BCS«CBS H6 TosifO noifln^vROffB, HO H canyio npHpoAHyio cboh) 
GEOpny, 6e8CTpamH0 iiapHi^aK>rB (RpecTBflHe)>, roBopmca vb nycro- 
pBOODom Haxas^: «BO-nepBnx'B, HeBOino^ noioiTB noxymHnft nia- 
VM^ TasoacB on pespyxcKHX'B Ha6opoB% pasjiyBy cb ceMBfliai 
BSy HDCTOBiui H npo^ifl BaseHHHi 6effB saiLiaTu pa6oTEi, acBepx'B 
KJieseioyTB h na rocnoxcxie TarjH (htb sohxi^ rb canoirB 
U, ■CTHHHO (k>a%e otb patfoTHHsa He rpetfyercfl, xaKB itoBKO, 
KB qijyiD HexiiK) na rocnoxHHa orpatioraji'B xsa xha (sicIX 
flXB OGiaercfl emie ^empe, ho h to noHHraiOTB ohh sa xa- 
F, %ero-x^ B!B nonmi yse obrB, a snaiOTB-xe tojibro sanjia- 
n rpyBTB x naHCRyio patfoiy, a Bnpo^eirB-xe a bo bcoitb 

■ aaiTB BHHOy TdLVb H COJLB HM'^eiTB JSfiUieBElSL* . BOTB ^ib 

iqpeciBflHHHa rb nojiBmy^ rx% oh'b nep^xKO jifisie oiciy- 

OTB npaBOCJaBHOfi B^pil H^ ({pOCHFB Ha pOXHH^ SBHy H 

Bfanajca bb Kocreai cb xpyroft senn^HHOK), Tose 6ivjL0V). 
QOCHJiaai HHHHTB j^opnocTu, a owhy nojiBsyacB cjynaeirB^ 

1te» L— Hhbap^ 1876. 5 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



66 nWTBSKb IBPOm. 

jLepe&bvM'h rpasHi^ h Has^KH ocboCosauca on dioft HeHa* 
BHCTHoft pa6<mi. Hatfirpajra fb norpaHH^rauxb oeaemflxit pespyrB h, 
no CBHA'^TejBciBy Toro ase nycropseBCsaro HaBasa, jnnnB o^^ A^cffraa 
qaciB EX'S nocrynaia fb apioH), ffiBssth-fficsmjTh Heiceiptemio sc- 
lesaiH 8a noJUBCByio rpaHHiQr. OracBaB^ ce(i% npiiOTB vb Btri^mir 
KaB0F0-HH6yxB nana, 6i^Je^H BOBspan^aiHCB aomoA, BafispajuE cboh 
ceicetfCTBa h CHOBa yxoAHiH. Hep^AKO ohh flBJuumcB u^kona nap- 
tUmh, rpadnjTH, ytfiiBaiH 6HBiimx% cbohtb rocnoAB, acrjm ycaxB<te. 
I^'fajinfl AopeBHH nycT&rH. GifOjeHCBift HasaffB pasc^BniBaerB, hto 
oxHa CMOJieHCRafl ry6epHi2 BHCjaia vh nonmy 6oxie 50.000 
xyni'B o6oero nojia. TaBoe noBajBHoe, ^uEffimnecsoe &brctBO pa- 
Bopfljo ]SfiopsLEC£BO vh soHei^. FopcTB ocTaBniHxcfl Fb Hiriteu 
specTBaHx A0J2BHa 6£Lia ordnBaTb noxaiH h ciysHXB ciysdn h 
sa cedfl, H sa cbohxi (J'bKaBinHX'B co^paxifl, sHaiHBinHxcfl no no- 
cjAjifleU peBHsiB; TflrocTH bth^ pacnojiaraacB na iieHBniee hhcjio 
fjnrhj 6eijh HeBUHocHMH, h 8to lacTO no<$ya(ffaio vh (^rcrsy 
Bc&xi, AO OAHoro. SoMJiexiiie 6HJ0 fb canoicB sajiBoirB nojio- 
mewLj Tojiofih H nysxA noposxaxH pastkmy h noM^n^H Biinys- 
xenn 6iuh^ fb bha^x'b ({esonacHOcm, AepsaiB rpoMaffQ^ ffiopssoy 

OTBJieBafl liwh MHOSeCTBO CHJTB OTB COXH. 

IIpaBETejiBCTBO He npHHHicajio aneprHHecsExi iripB j^lsi jnep- 
sanifl ($§rjiei^OFB. ^pnociH na nojiBCBHxi rpanHi^axi 6waL pac- 
nojiosenu na 6ojiBnioirB pascroflmH fpjrb (yrh Apyra h nxoxo 
CHatfsenu jioabmh. 

J^ocraBaiB (S/hvisix% wafh IIonmH 6iijio noTni neBOSMOSHo: no- 
M^npnEi, cxBaTHBnmcB &brjieiif)Vhj cninrajTB nocju^TB sa hhmh no- 
roHH). Ho nepexoffB ^esx rpaHHiQr (Sea^ nacnopra otb norpansH- 
naro KOMMnccapa 6uii> crposafime sanpen^en^B^ ffl6m!b se lasoft 
nacnopTB 6iiJ0 nox^ci HejierBo, a rjiaBHoe — rpeOoBaio nisOToparo 
BpeiceHH, FB TeHenie Boroparo &bvjieu;h ycn^BajvB yse BOXBopniBCfl 

K npHCrpOHTBCfl FB HlfiHiH BaBOFO-HHtfyXB nUflXTHHa. R'B TOMy TSBy 

nocjaHHHe fb noroni) BpecTBane nacrexoEBBO caicH npeBpan^ajmcB 
FB TasHXB se tiirjei^OFB. Bhaa, savB tfiicrpo nycrbiorB xepeBHH^ 
Tpenen^a sa cbok) shshb, xBopflne, HaBonei^, npExoAun kb j&bx' 
AeniH), hto na^o npotfoBaiB «AOMoraTBCji (Jirjiei^OFB lacBOBmcB bu 
SHBOifB*, BcrynajRi (tb hhmh fb neperoBopn, oi^n^aa JBrom, 
910 HHor^a yxaBaiocB, Bone^no, ne 6e9h yn^eptfa no: 

BJiaCTH. 

HnoFAa OHH sa ($onnik x^HBrn BHsynaiE 6ivisrrh y noiB 
CBHX'B nanoFB, no bto cpefpuBO 6umo xocrynno jHmB ms, owfli 
6oraT£ixB. IIpaBHTencrBo, cb cBoeft croponn, f^ia nj^Bje^enifl &bT 
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OBm,EGTBEHHHS HASUin* 67 

nao Bcksrbj 6isBMmETb vh Ilojibiny jsp 1762 r., b& poxHHy, 
i^effoeraaiflii hm% ceiHTbCfl bi'^ abopi^obhx'b boioctaxi. 3thmi boc* 
mmaoB9LMHCh ne tojuro jioah, A'^^flCTBHiaiBHO yspnBaBmieca vh 
Thohnrk w 1762 r.^ ho h noM^n^H^BH KpeoiBflHe, sejiasmie ne- 
padboEn cbok) xo^h) na 6oji^ c^bchsslbjio jipjuo xBopi^oBiixi 
wfoctbSBb. Bos^A^ sa odHapoAOBaEueirb icaHH^^cra ohh abjiajhcb 
K ABopi^OBHii Raei^eiuqpiH, cRasuBaflCb 6ixSi,Bmmm wb Tlojn>mj ao 
1762 r. HiTB B^puE HJi cjiobo, ceiiUH b% abopaobux:b bojoctax^b 
qMHED^ii. Ohh nojifiBBdijm Apymx'b noMiii^H(iBHXi& KpeciBflETB 

HTB npHH^pj, yRpBIBaiH pastfotHHBOKb, BOOfill^e C&LIH 

Jfl^i Guyry. IIodTOMy HanasH B08craH)rB rpoMRO. npoiHKB ica- 
■|( (■ I It H xoAaTaiCTB7H)TB, ^to6bi ABopi^OBua BaHi^eJuipin, no Kpaft- 
let ]c£p±, HaBOAiu^ TO^Hiifl cnpaBKH, BorAa eneHHO sLnamniecsL 
ftrjeipi tfiauum h, vb ciywb jio3khoctii hxi» noBasanifi, BOSBpa- 
vifLja HasaAfB noM^n^HicairB; xoAaTaficTByiOT^ h o toutb, ixotfti bos- 
i^aoieHHim H«B nojBmH &bvjiux'h ceuin noAaabme on rpaeHi^i 
■ T&Tb yHH^TOSHJH Hxi sjioBpeAHoe BjiiflHio Ha coc^Aeft. yRasu- 
vu npaBHTeiBCTfij na ne^auHue pesyjiBTaTu pespyrcRaxib Ha6o- 
poBi, norpaHHHHHe ci» IIomneH) yb^m npocarb o saM^nl naiy- 
paj&Hoft jp&spyncBoi hobehhocih A^nesHOiD HjaTOio ke 120 p. cb 
fmpyn. ^ cjyia^ se, ecju noiiiii^HirB HafiAen au ce5H Butoffiuyuh 
Qiffah pespyra naiypofi, orciuaiB laRoro HOMeAieHHO noAaiBme 
aa fiOCioKb, Bi^ Ch6hpb hjh OpentiyprB. SarlMi cj^Ay^rB pnAi^ 

Kbplb, KOTOpilfl, HO HH^HiH) ABOpflHCTBa, HpaBHTeiBCTBO AOJUKHO, 

JB& BflAUi rocyAapaBOHHOft ho^bbh, hpehatb npornBi no6iroB%: 

1) ^paHE]^I aojushu 6uTb j[y?me yRpinjieHH. UycropseBCKift 
npuaraerB Aase npo^HieBHfi ^epxesi ABoftnoro pBa h 

Koropne 6h na 6yAyH|ee Bpeica npenfliciBOBaiH nepexoAy ^e- 
rpaHHi^y cb TejrbraMH h cjcotoitb. IIorpaHH^Hafl cipasa AOJSHa 
h SHaHHiejiBHO ycHaena. 

2) HepeJb^AB h8i» Poccin vh IIojiBniy a^ hohxrh tf^rjux'B aoi- 

fh CsOh CB060f,eB!b. 

3) J&B BCTMHAJH, Jh j^JMHAJH H ^HHMHAIH HpaBHTeJIBCTBO AO^U&HO 
Tfl^jar&IBHO 06peBH80BaTB B(A MH8H. XOTA rpaHHI^U CO CTO- 
8THXB npOBHHI^ift 6IUIH OTRpSITU, nOM%II](BBH HO MOPJIH CaMH 

1TB noroHfl sa &bTxaMS, no HesHamK) flsuRa. 

EoiBnuraciBy ABopaHCiBa A^ftcTByH>^^e saROHEi o AepsamH ($§r- 

BsyipH PocdH Basyicfl CjIehiboicb MarBHMH. H'^aoropHe na- 

MOCBOBCBoft ry6epHiH np^AJK^raiorB secroso HaRasuBaxB t%- 

eenxh AOMOxosseBi A^peBHE, npiiOTEBmeft (^Irjei^a, ccHjaxB 

ryapHBaieu Ha Baropry hjh noceienie, a noiiin^HKa 

lajsejoft x^HesHOft nenefl sa BasAy^ yspmyio xymj. 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 




68 tWtmOL'b XBPOHH. 

O^BepHiifl ry($epHiH cwTBxyrh 6ojrbe ;(ifiCTBHTenHOK) M^poD noB&i- 
meme nntH sa yKpiiBaTancTBO &kTxarb KpecTLflnaMH, xo 100 h 
200 Pm i^&k% KaKB noMi^^HKH Hepi^KO noAroaapHBftjH cBOHXi Bpi- 
nocTHHX'B K% npiexy 6iraurB, sa x^p2K&Hie bohxi tfeas^ endojua 6a^ 
puna njaTHzocB no saROHy Bcero 5 p. TaxHifB otfpasom speciM- 
BBBTK flBUJiCfl jHi^oirB noxcFaBHuiTE, ycjjTaMH ($§rjei^a nojii>80BajM» 
6apHH%. 3aK0Hib, OTMtHHBmift nuTsy h npHcipacTBue pasoipocB 
Bx HHsmHX'B AHcraHi^iHX'B, BUBHBaerb npoxecTB ke mecTH Hasasaxi 
(BepetfcKOMi, cy;(HCjiaBCKOMi, RpanHBHHCKOMx, cysxajEBCBOinb, 6^a- 

SepCKOM'B H HyZJOMCBOM's). ^IIOX^Hfl'^ HapOA^ 9THirb SaBOHOlTb uo- 

on^pfleTca Bi yjSiesiio noirtii^BORb h noiiin^Hi^, BHaa, ito vh cjy* 
la-b cosHaHifl He 6yxerB HCTflsyeiii, a jinmB cocjamb. A ccujny 
H pespyrcTBO MyacHR'B npeAnoTOxaerB xoioncTBy^ roBopsTCfl vh so* 
jOMeHCBOM'^ H BaaeMCBOifB HaRaafe. dm HaaagH noB^bcrByiorB o ixnrB, 
xaxi^ ABopoBHe jroxh napo^HO KopwMHHqajiH, qrotfu noaacTB kb^ 
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^HHa, cpaBHflTBCfl CB 6iiBinH]iH CBOHMH rocnoAaifH. 

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HanpoTHBiy HE offHoro nporecra. ^BopflHCTBO crapaeTci en^eyBOJiH- 
iHTB jifii ce6fl Buro;^^ 8Toro sasona, AOnoraflCB, hto6u BtipeffB no- 
AO^HBre JiiOXH, soTopuMH noM'inpvi uBJCb-Gu seprByerx vb 
nojiBsy EaBHH, HCRjuo^ajincb neneAJieHHo hstb niaresa no^mHara 
ORiaxa. 

Pyscrifl Haicasx sa^iyerca na rponaAHoe ^hcjio npasj^Hiix^ xneit^ 
noon^paion^HX'B j^hoctb h ^b'b tofo jr&HBBaro HysHY&H, i paxn 
npeycntflHifl deMjex'&iui xoAaTaflcTByers o&h hx'b co]q>aiiieHiH. 

IIoseMejiBHiie h xosflficrBeHHue Bonpocu, okojo BOTopuxi Bep* 
T^HCB, rjiaBHUMi o^pasoifby ABopaHCRie HHrepecn, saHHiiaiorB ca- 
Moe BH;(Hoe if^cro vb naRasaxi, pasBHsaioTca cb HaH66jiBnieH> no- 
;Q>o(5HOCTbiD. Tin yRasaHifiy rb hhx'b Bcrp^iaeioixi, uu uomewb^ 
BUBecTH He oco6eHHo 6jiaronpiflTHoe saRJuoqeBie o cocroflHui seicie- 
A^ifl Vh TorAamHeft cpexneft a c^BepHOft PoccIh. BoAmnHCTBo 
y^SAOKB sajiyercfl Ha Macrae neypoxaH xjii5a h npocHTB o6h 
y^pesAemn RaeeHHHX^B xjA6nux'h MarasHHOFB. Macca noM^i^HBOKB 
npeACxaBjflercfl BecBiia 6iflM0lk, h areirB o(SiacHfleicx xa ropaiaji 

HaCTOfiqHBOCTB, CB ROTOpOfl (OIBnmHCTBO HaaaBOFB A06HBae!CCa CIO- 

senifl HH^Toa&Haro py^^ieBaro ORjaxa C!B6aHB« UpH^HHy cBoefi ($i(A* 

HOCTH ABOpflHCTBO BHXHTX Bl Ma JOBeMeJIBHOCTH, KB paBMHOSeHlH ABO* 

pjiHCRHX'b ^^aMH^S, BCJ^ACTBie nanjiiBa noH'i^HROffB o(Sepi>*o^fi[e- 
pOB^ CzHmarca npocBfiii o cbox6 OAHOABopi^ffB kb yapafiny h o 
upeAOCxaBjeHin hx'b seicejiB ABOpaHaarB. MesAy rbwh jsjumasiy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBmEOTBEHHHS EfJSUU. 69 

lIpQICmBIieillUt BOpOTOHCIUIHl H IHSBEBCRHICB HERasaXH, ^(Jlfl npH- 

dnBBieAHaro onpexiieHui cpexnefi yposaMHOcra 86bcj[h, nosasu- 
usrh flan, ^ro no^Ba Tor^a 6ujib, ^ta^eRO He Tan'B Hcron^eHa, 
on TeoepB bi Hamix'B cpeAHHXi He-^epHoseicHux'B icbcTHOCTflxi. 
b yxo$peHHoB j^ecflTHH^ noasEnaiocB jift 30 soneHi, h3^ bohx'b 
BuaniiBajiocB ao 15-th ^exBefyEeft psH. FytfepmH: BOBropoACRafl, 
wf^yprciafl, apxAHreiBCRas h cMOjencRafl npeAciaBJifljiH yse 
n^ (xmpaieHHo tfesojiOAHyK) novBy; napox^ *&» 6epe30ByK) Ropy 
iipuy* Heyposan 6iijr aBjeafeiTB xpoEHqeeRHirB. Ho rjaBHyio 
qnoy (S^xhocth 6ojiBDiHHCisa namero iiejRonoirlcTHaro XBopflH- 
CBi, cifi^Q^eTB, RasB HaiTB Rasercfl, HCRaTB cb o;(hoS cxopoHii vh 
ttamvsiAj mvB sasB jyqmifl chjiu yxoxHJiH aa rocyAapcTBeHHyH) 
c^sfy, ci xpyrot — Bib RpinoGTHoicB npasi h Hepai^ioHaji>HO]rB 
aemii xosflltcTBa. 

XBopiBCTBO, OTHacTH, caMO dTO coBHaBaio. PyBCRift jBraKasx 
npn Bi H&iei^RHrB sojOHHoraxi^, noceieHHiixi ERaTepHHoft, 
4iiroj(heiet h y^nrejieft pyceRaro Hapoxa, oco6eHHO no ^aern 
mrooijCTBa. Hiaompiie BaRasu xyHaK)n nopy^HTB hobhitb 6pra- 
wa rteiHaro caiioyiipaBJieHiji Haxsopi sa deniexiiieM'B, HanoMv* 
MK lerio^HKawB H npHRas^HRaiTB, wto6u aeiufl He jesaja y 
■n BByai, oBHaxoiueHie seifjeBiax^Bi^eBi ci HOBinfH arpo- 
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MAvaeieHHyio xBopHK) h oiaseRifrB npoHSBOAHTeuHyio cajy otb 
•^■(JoiM seMJiH. S&crpoe RcrpefiMHie jt&cobi on ^bbtoxrobux'b 
■^fon coeiaBiflen npexitefPb xpeBon h 8a<5orB, BspaseHH^jL's 
i» Kin Haaasaxi. Bdb efiH Hcnen^peHH iipocB($aMH o npHHuxiH 
■ip xa oxpaaeHui jAoon* 

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norpefiBOcreft xorjni py6«^ bo bcIs^ jr&caxi» BCHRoe 
19680, He HJiaTH HH^ero Bax^B^y jritea. noxpflXWBH chuho sjo- 
jmpe&iuH sTHiTB npaBOJTB. 

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(FMMBHTB pasMibpaxB nerpoiTB, He i^epeBcoHHBniHMCfl CB^acrHOH) 
(^tnocMBocihjDj Borxa x&io nuo o rocyxapcTBeHHUxi HHrepecax'B, 
v^imn He BH^aTB npoTecra vh XBopHHcrrt. 

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n 6epn<^B0ueriH). . 

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XBtpHHCTBOi HO ROTOpofl Vh COJ^te RyjEBTypHOHl 06^6* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



70 BftGTHm IBPOHH. 

CTB^ HOrB 6u CJiySHTE MOrjmHITB CpeXCTBOlTB AJIfl CeJIBCBO-XOBflfi- 

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npoBHHipH. Bx neieptfypri h Mocrb^ ($hjh 6emaL, ho ohh ne 
BHAftBajH ccyx'B Mesie 1 00 p. c, xa h orxajeHHOCTb htb iritanua 
npoBHHipajiBHOify xBopflHCXBy HHH nojiBSOBaTBCfl. HicROJiBKo Hasa- 

80B^ XOWTafiCTByHXTB o6h OCHOBamH npOBEHipaiBHHXl 6hBE0Vh. 

JlK)6HMafl 6apcKafl 8a6aBa — oxora^ 8totl 6htb seMjrexijiBi^t, 
He 6iiJia cricHeHa HEBasHKH sasoHaicH: wtsasi Tojna coc^xa-noici* 
npiRa iTb HcapfltfH h co6aEaiiH to n^a^HJia nojiefl. HiisoTopHe na- 
KasH ropBRO Ha 9to sajiyioicfl h npocflTB oOb HsxamH oxotbi- 
^HX'B npaBHJi. 

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i7($epHiH na^ajio npHBOXHTBCfl vb HcnojuneHie reHepaiBHoe MeseBaiie. 
HaRasu b'b ojfjsBj> fojiocb tfjiaroxapflTB «MHJocepxyH) icaiB h mo- 
HapxHHH)» saBTO BejiH^afiroee 6jiaroA^&flHie ea utapcTBOBaHia. H ne 
yXHBHTejiBHO, ^0 TasHiTB aBJTHJiocB reHepajiBHoe MeseBanie vh raa- 
sax'B HanfHxi npexKOBi. Oho cyjHJio BUBeciH noseifejBHiia otho- 
menia iss% nenpoxoxHicaro, XHRaro xaoca, cjiosHBniarocfl vh lene- 
HiH xojraro BpeHenn, orpaajiaBinaro cyn^ecTBOBame npoBHeqiaiB- 
Haro ABopancTBa, noxAepsHBaBmaro wh Bewh ahsoctb h canoynpaB- 
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nocHJBv6e, naxan*, ne crbcHSLsicb npasaifH coc^xa, h noxEj/tsuun 
CBoe nacHJiie TOjraoio BOopyseHHuxi iR>xeft. AP^^^^ yB^^a, y6iS- 
CTBa 6ujE cjy^aflMH, ese^HeBHo noBTopflBmHMHCfl Measly cocbffiia* 
A'&iaHH HacHJiBCTBeHHOiTB saBjax^HiH 6uxBi BaaaxeHH wA npi- 
cyrcTBeHHua irbcra, ho 9te fjbjiB, rposHjra saBajflTBca h crHEtb 
Bep^meHHUMH, — TaaoBH 6ujm Torxamme cyx&dwae nopaxsH. 

UocpexH Bceo6ii;aro nacHJiifl h 6e8npaBiir, iceseBn^HifB aBiuci 
tfjarox^TejeiTB, anrejioirB-HHpoTBopi^eirB. «Eorxa fpUfffuh xo fl&ci 
MeseBaHie?> BsxiixaiorB CojAe orxajeHHHe yisKBn^ h HSiicKHBaHTB 
cpexcTBa, ^To6ii npH&iH3HTB Biy 6jiaseHHyH) HHHyiy. 

EojBmHHCTBO naaasoB^ nexoBOJiBHO MeseBOH) HHcrpysipeK) JiiniB 
Vh oxHOMi OTHomemH: no &Tofi HHcrpyBi^iH oSn^ia, ^pesnojMXSHHa 
Bjiax'^nia h^bojibrhx'b hom^ii^hrobi vh oxhoitb ceJieHur, a laxse 
o6ii^ie jrbch^ fb ROTopiancB h^crojbro Bj9,]ijbjihnevh noASOBajnrcB 
npaaoiTB xo^BEBaiB xpoBa h crpoeBOfi lic^j ne nox^iesajni BHyr- 
peHHeny pasHeseBaHiio RaseHHUHH ve^eBH^IKalfH• IIocjAxne xojs- 
HH 611JIH JinniB otffiecTH cejenie hjh jrlcHyio xa^^ o6mjBiOy ospyx- 
HOR) MeseH), npexocraajiafl sarlirB sejiaian^nrB Biax^jni^airB pas- 
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OBqKrrBBHHUB lAXAJH. 71 

fj/SmjKTh sAcBOAKHicb Bjax&iBi^aMx cejiemflx's tfesypaxHi^a m oase- 
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Saioe-HiitfyXB oeio 6ujlo, HanpHM^jKB, no^eHO Meac^y ^erupBHS 
BjaxijBi^DfH; jAcb H Jiyra y hex's 6un o6iD;ie, HepasMeseBaH- 

me. OXHHI^ HBCB HHTB tflUTB, BM^KTrl CB T^lfB, Bja^^AeMX XPy- 

loro, cocixHflro, (k)mnoro h iuotho HacejieHnaro wAma. Owh h 

JffilUCfl THpajaOlTB CBOHZ'B GbfJSSOi'b H MaJOSeMaiBHUX'B COBJiaX'ljEB- 

qess: nad^ssaa cb tojoiok) cbohx'b BpecTBflVB bi otfn^fl jri^cTB, bh- 
py6a& xjrHmifl xepeBBS njni pacumiaji'B ce6£ m^^cto nox^ namHio, 
lOdZB Ha jiy^inHXB utoax'B, 8anpysa.3i& o6ii^h> piixy cbohmh 
jKOHHi^aMH, orpisBiBai'B ^(pyrnx'B otb o6ii^aro BOAonofl. 

Hep^XKO xaEOft 6oAinoft tfapHH's HaxoxHJTB BuroAEonrb npi- 
^H^/bcsh XOTB non - A^CflTHHEt FB HpesnojiocHOirB BJiaffiHm hjie 

B&^SBCM'b jritey, HTO($B TOJIBSO HM^TB nOBOfll SanyCTHTB ly^a CBOK) 

euKHyD jasy. YnpaBU Ha nero ne 6u20, h iceiKoe ;^pflHCTBo 
CB yjucoiTB BHA&io, HTO H MeseBame ne HS^aBHn ero orB 6^^- 
dsift, conpflseHHHX'B cb ^pesnojocHUM'B Bja^tfimeiflb e fb^^eme 



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moeaxB, cvporairB. Botb no'iexy kb Hasasax^B cjumaTCfl cjiesHHE 
MontfH, HT0611 npaBHiejiBcrBO saHoocB e BHyTpenHEHi pasnese- 
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(SjjQnmee BpenE, H8(SirHyTB ipeanojiocHaro Bjia^Hia sanpen^enieKi 
j^petiHTB x^peBHE nesAy A^TBHE-naci'^AHEBaME E npoAasaTB Mei- 
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iqp^M^blHZB, ^ EOlffy npEHa;(ieSETB; ho yHE^TOSEXB HaSJCOHHOCTB 

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lOCiB Biax&HiE CHOBa yrposajia nameiiy xBopflHciBy. 
no^Qwtfao onxcHBaiOTB pa^^ xHiapcTRB, lepes'B BOxopuE 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



72 MCTHftra aronH. 

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saxjuviBoft lUH no HACs^ACTBy. 'EcjH i^HHOCTB HiiiHui iipeBiiouua 
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caxb Bi npfniHCHOMi ropo^t. ^ noRynaxejiB AOiseni 6£ixk ornpan- 
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nocTB, jiBETB 66 RB sanHCs^ H cnpaBHTB vb MocBsi H2H Ileiep- 

6yjfrbj FB BOTUHHOfi KOXIOnH, r^i XpaHHJIHCB X^^yxeHTH^ mtflH} 

ifeaL6Biifl H HHCii^OBUA RHHn Bcbx% 86Men o6mHpHaro pyccsaro 
rocyAapcTBa, 6e3:b cnpaBOsrb cb ROTopmcH, ($63% saiiHCBE vh boto- 
pufl HE OAHO HHiHie, ffase caM06 rpomoBoe, ho motjio nopefln 
fljTb pyKi Bi pysB. 

Ji^oporHy oco6eHHO BecsoH) n oeeHBK)^ dtijni novni Honpois- 
AHii. PascTOflHifl Moa^y ropoxauH pocdfieBOfi HMnepiH rpoMapH. 
OciaBUfl CB06 xosflficTBOy xpaxflCB Ha nyxemocxBie, noirtiitHB^ sa- 

SOHOI^ ROO-BaS'b AO^HpajICfl AO MOCBBEJ. TyTB XOAKO Ha^HHajIBd 

6ro My^enifl. BoxfHHHaa B0U6rifl daia saBajona npocB^axH o 
cnpaBB^ no nac^ACXBaBTB, RynHHirs h saBJiaAHnMi. «BoroieHa- 

BHCXHOe JHXOHMCXBO H npORJUiXOO jaBOMCXBO», CS BOXOpHMl 6e3- 

yen^mno (SopojHCB h saBonoAaxejiBCXBO, h jraxepaxypa, o6peKasi 
6%;(Haro npocHiojui na xo^rifl osHAaHk vh BaHi](ejHpiflx%, Ha ffii' 
roe, cRy^Hoe h Aoporoe nposHXBe vh cftojanjb, GiyuuLOCb n^po, 
HTO ■ Bce-xo HidHie, c^acxjiHBMMx otfiaAaxejOBTB Roroparo on 
HaROHOi^ BOBBpan^aicfl xoMott, ho cx6hj[o cxojbro, cbojbro 060- 
nuacB eny ii^epexonifl BCxyniOHui bo Bia^me. 

yiiHpajia cxapaa xexRa, oxRasaBi nieMflHHERy 10 jiijm% ci 

XByMfl AOCflTHHaMH Vh ^posnojiocHOirB BJUtA^Hin. H H3l*8a heu 
npiixo^iiHJiocB xan^HXBCfl vh MocRsy. Hrpa nojiosHxeiBHO ne cxdiua 

CB^qi. nOHflXHO, HXO CHaCXJIHBHft HaCJI^AHHR'B H6 p%XSO de fftCtO 

Bcxynaj'b bo BjiaA^ie RM^bmevcLj ne CRpinHBi^ 6ro sa co6ok) rb 
BOXHHHHoft ROJijeriH BXSL cRpinHKB 61*0 "iopeTB AOCflxoRi^ xbTh. He- 
p^XKO xaRS6 HM^Hi6 npoxo^uo ^epearb ffisarb pyvhy npesxo ^^ 
nona^ajo j^msi sanECRH btb BOxiHHHott ROJUoriH na hmh x^cflraro 
Biaxi^jTBifa, Roxopony xorxa npHxoffiJiocB pacuetfuBaxB nmexpo^ 
H6yxo((oBapHMyio Ramy, BaBapoHHyio B6CBMa ssBHEHxeJiBHOX) He(^)es- 
HOcxBX) xoBflXH npexmecxBeHHHROBi. HaRasu ynoMHHaHyrB o xon, kwk 
noJBBOBajHCB axHiTb nopaxROicB Ben^eS Hexo6pocoH6cxHii6, lOSKie 
noxH. PasopHBmittcfl nolc&^^uBl npoxaBan Hxinie, ^to($h nonpa- 
BHXB x'ijQL; necaj^B Ryn^iyio bi npoBHHipajiBHom ropox^ nojyvan 
no H6S xoHBrH« Sax^iTB, snafly ^ixo noRynn^iiKB, no RaRHirB 6u fo 
BEL 6uj[o npHunaiTB, ne kosoxi CRopo "ixaTb wh eromiy fV 
cnpasRH sa co6ofo RynienHaro HM^ma, owh npoxaaaj^ to ^se nxiHie 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



'■* ■- 



OBBpCTBBHHHS EX^kJiU. 73 

jipfFDMy xsEoyj soTopoe, nocntniHBi fb MocsBy, sanHcaRB Hirfisde 
K BoraHHEot Boxieriff, x^^ocB 110 Bc^icB npaBEiTB ero saKOH- 

HBKB 0(SjUM9TejieM'b. 

Tepiribi% on araxi nopAAROBi ABop£HHHi-noMin^iiVB, Tepiri^za 
n xoHi^-BOHitOFb H KasHa. %o6e[ He xan^HTbCfl paxH synieS kb 
^pOBna^&IbHHft ropoA^, noRyan^HRrE Hep'iARO yraHBajTB, corjutcacB 
cb ufOMlBLsnfiWbj A^ScTBHiejiBHyH) i](iteHOCTB HM^Hifl H Tbwb jnmiaj'B 
umy ^Bcm uomsESh. Hd&bnE xjioootb fb BorquHHOfi EOueriH, 
<m usLMif^jrh MHorxa npe6jiaronoJiy^HO bch) shshb, se saiLxaTHFB 
mndk IBM rpoma. SSam6u Ha xasyio ^eHTpaJ[H8a^iH) BorqEHHSTB 
jyuBorb ■ jijbrh nosropfliOTCfl btb naBasax^B na sasxciTB mary. 
J^BOpsmcno xoxaTaficTByerB, mo6u xotb nosne njiann h wmij 
fnyjoMTEi noc2ri^AHflro MeseBanifl, 6£Uh pasocjanu no ropo^aicB 

I C0CM6HJH iriteTHBe apXHBII JWi CnpaBOR'B no HaCJ^ACTBaiTB, 

iyuuMi» H sauaxHiDTB; npocerB, mo6u bb y^xHHXB ropo^arB 
XiBBOieHO 6uso nncaTB Bynqui h sasjiaxHiifl CBiime era py6jiett. 
dio flBjfljiocB Heo^xoxHMincB x^ otfjferqenia i^HpByjiflitiH seicaiB, x^ 
■tfaBJieBifl OTB NmeiuTh no^xoiTB no neBOBMoaBHiiirB xoporairB. 
Eo^e 6oxbe cjoahumh, sanyraHHUMH h nojiaBaBmHicH hobo^b k'b 
SKynoipefiieHifliTB abjuhotch, no naKasairB, cyAoycrpottcTBO h cyxo- 
flpOTOOACTBO, ocHOBaHHHfl Ha yusi nerpa 1723 roxa «o ^^opiii 
<7ia». Ohh npiiMO orpteiiBajni bcI nyrH kb Hacxofln^eify npaBO- 
CfxiK), nowepsHBaJiH HacHjie, oCeane^HBain ero otb naBasaHm. 
Bee ynpaBjeme, neaB^Qr npowiTB h cyx>, cocpeAoro^HBa^ocB bb 
aKMHHHcrpaTHBHHX'B lAcTHTh: BoeBoxcBHxi, npoBHHi^iajiBHuxB, ry- 
tfefBCKflX'B KaHi](eji[apiflxi. IlepcoHaxB bthx'b npHcyTCTB^fHux'B iritcTB 
■inunajica ceHaTOMB, 66xbmeB[) uctbh> hbb jihi^, He HH^BniHX'B 
SBBiBOfl CBasE CB xaHHOS) ic&CTHOCTBH). BmssMmwwb i^enrpoirB 
iro ynpauenia 6HJia BoeBOXCBaa saHi^ejiapia. Bi* Heft Bep- 
BCflsia jsjfuoLy na^HHaa cb yroiOBHux^ (POBucbhhx'b, pa8- 

^), BOHmfl rpaSA&HCBHMB HCBOMB BB pytfjIB^ XPftK0K>9 nO- 

xyra, noxsoieHieMB manBH h napii jfanrett Mes^y specTBa- 
an. 06Hjde x^ib fb Basiteiapui, mrpa^^, yrpoasaBoiift no aaaoHy 
4||iift aa HeHpaBoe pimeme, HaBOxuH ysacB Ha boobox^, h ohh 
oxHHi nexoxB cbohx'b (Si^xcTBiB— oTBjaxBiBaTB x^a bb xojiri& 
Tas((a Mosxy cod^xaMn o n^peaocb TanyjiacB HHorxa 10, 
1|| jAtb. Canoe sexenie npoi](eccoFB 6u20 BecBica sarpyxHSTejiBHO. 
6u HHTioseffB HE 6ajth HCB'B, HaxJiesuuo noxaTB 'ieio6HTHyK> 
aa Hee nonuHHy fb 3 p. c. Bi Heio($HTHBrrB x^o iisja- 
BecBua jraMHH^wcsH, b^hhitb He npsiaraiocB xoayMeHTOFB, 
Ba irtcTaxi xo cyxa ne ^hhhjh. Bee cboxhjiocb nao^OHB 
lejSdTomfeiBie, npenapaiejiBCTBo icesxy Hcri^oirB h OTFbnH- 




^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



74 RMTHIK& IBPOIDEL 

KOiTb vh npHcyrcTBeHHOicB lAerbj h norony erpswnA (fltfeffUKb) 
flBjfljicfl HeH36toHHirB nocpexHHBOicB ices^ny cropOHaiai h cyff>m, 

ErO HBBOpOTJIHBilMX flStlSOH'B H BSflTBaMH B% CyapOCTH BeUCb BCl 

X$ja. Ji^03BaTBCfl KB eyxy (yrvbmnok 6um He JierRO. CpoKOFB f^ 
flBRH nojoseHO He 6iijio. ?to6k npHHyxHTB ero b% noflBJiemH), xaH- 
i^ejiapifl npHsasHBajia jobhtb ero jspecrbswh h casatb rb sejriteiL 
Ho 9T0 He noMorajo, ecjm no pascqery odH^ii^HKa ORasHBajioeb, hto 
i^HHOCTB saxBa^eHHaro ^ya&oro ;(o6pa npesHinajia i^iHHOcrB pa- 
6oTiiy KOTopyK) MorjiH 6u CA&iaTB ero apecroBanHiie BpecTBflHe, a 
OHH uesijsj rkwh kopmhjhcb na merh HCipa. Totb, BHse^^EHHl 
vffb lepn^Hiji, HHor^a cniniHJi'b 6pocHTB xjionoiiHBoe xbio o xaBHO 
npoxaHHOfi BOHH^ xji^^ HJE jifiLBEo mb^eEEOWh CTOii dbna. Ecie 
^(ase npoi^ec(rB hphxoahjtb vh diaronojy^HOHy osoHHamio, om 
BUHrpuBaj^B HeMHoro: o6ha^hr^ njaiHJTB sa x^(Si, jAcb h cino 
HO oi^HK'6, ycraHoaieHHofi yjiomeHieirE Ajesc^ MnxaBJioBHtt, do 

I^HaiTB, HOpMajIBHIIM'B FB 1649 T., H HOAHflBinHMCfl dhvbskmph 

snaHHTejiBHO. Ha xbji bhxoahjeo, hto ohb npio^p&i'B sa 2 pydis 
TO, Hib CTOHJio Ha pHHfi'l 6 — H xBaciaji'B AemeBoft noBymofi. 
Orroro HacH:iBCTBeHHHfl saBjiaximA coBepmaiHCB esexneBHO i ho- 
CHjra xapasiepi pa86oSHHiBHx% Ha6%roBB; orroro o6HseHHHe na- 
xoxHJH js^sL ce6sL HaH6ojr6e BuroxHNM'B njiaTHTB ^boitb sa obo, sy- 
6oirB sa sy6x. A HaA^flTBca na to, vm Bucmifl HHcranipH nonpa- 
BflTB no annejfli][ioHHofi msM&b omEdsH HHsmHX'B, 6huio no iceHB- 
mett M^pi HaHBHO. HncraHi^fi no anneiai^iflMi 6uso ubti: y^teffsax 
Kam^eiapifl, npoBHHi^ajiBHafl, ryCepncBafl, Hxrniiti-BOJueriji h, sa- 
Bonei^i, cenarB, Bc£ HHcraniuH 6uje sasajeHii Kyneio ZMBjwsxh 
fibjrhj Bes^i i^tpHjm «6oroHeHaBHCTHoe jihxohmctbo h nposjuioe 
jiaBOMCTBO», Besx^ fl6exHHBi Boponaji^B x^aicH. 

^pHue, o6Beiniajiiie cyAe6Hiie nopaASH saciaBiflJiH Bcsofj 
npeAHO^HiaTB Kyjara^noe npaBO, soacbcb Koroparo diuTB, no BpaB" 
nefi M^pi, npocTB h f,emevhj H(k) iri^cio cyxe6Hiixi» Hsxepsem 
sacrynajH BiidnrHe RpecTBflHCRie sy6ii, bhap^hhua BpecrBflHCsifl 
(k)poAti* JIJMHTpoBCBitt naBas^B t&kb xapasiepHsyerB cocioflHie npo- 
BHHipfl: «Hysxu H neAocraiBH ABopflHCiBa praTpoBcsaro y^sx& ^^ 
tfbjBmeft HacTH cocroarB b% nenpespan^aeioix^B mini xoJiroBpeMeB- 
HHX'B ccopaxi H HacHJBCTBenHHX'B nocrynBaxi BpeciBflH'B pasHHX^ 
BJiaA&iBi](eBx; ^aero oxhh y xpyraxi jr^ra noBOcarB, jl^ctb nopy- 
6arB, ;q)yPB Apy«Ry orpatfarB OTHarieicB bocb, xonopoBi h npo- 
laro noAoCnaro, oxHHirB cjoboitb, — bto bofo CEShobif totb loro 
u npsTicHfleTB; noxony ^to hpoesboahmhS bx TasHXi cjy^aaxB 
cjfib no npHHocHMBUfB sajotfaH'B ecTB o($pflA^ BecBHa npo^OJUKH* 
leiBHufi H, MoaBHo csasavB, tfesBone^Hiiffi no npHWHi paraHXB 



5igitized by Google! 



OBjypOTBlBHHX HfflJiU. 75 

■cuieBHHxi npoHBBOxcTRB H nepcHOca jtibm bo MHoris Bucnris 
npamrejMisa, hsi oahoto btb xpyroe, T&nb na^e, ^ro (k)mnafl 
ncTB nxHX'B o6hx% He cocraBjifleTs BejHKofi cyMMcr; cjiiAOBaxejiBHOy 
ca((Hfi CHAHOMy Bcerxa jiynme ycrymnrE, nesem nanaTB xoiro- 
vpoff^MMBaesbEoe h xu ceilSii pasopHTejLHoe Kbjio; He Bondft se 
nffMA H Cjiynai FBnpoHBBexeme xflstfi nif^terB, HHse jnoxett yxo6- 

HHn Vh TOMy. 

«Bc6 BumenponHcaHHiifl otfcroflTe^BcrBa HHorxa npH9HHflH)TB 
jfUMj KpOBonparam h CMepxHHfl y6ificTBa. noMin^KH hjh npn* 

HXX, He XOTfl BHA:6tB Ce6si 06HSeHHHMH, H2H HHOIT^a, "iRHfl 

HacHjde npoTHBan^HMCfl xosfleBairB, saBOAflTB o^oioaho y^uiOH- 
■ BpeAHUfl xpaRH, orb soropiirb npoHCxo;Uirb pasniui x^fl 
o(fai(ecrBa oraroTHreiiBHUfl xpasrn h tfesnopflxsH; h6o MysHRH, npe- 
MEHyB ' j> BHx^TB (x6si no($%XHTejiflHH, pacnpocTpaHflHTTB CBoe nacH- 
jie H npoTHBi Apyrexi cbohx'b codbffiHj ^rr6 ho tokmo Hapymaex^ 
dHnoftcTBie cejiBCSHXB snTejiett, ho h BecBica mhofo npenflTCTByerb 
fpHpaurb ycni^xaMi seiueA'&iifl; csepxx xoro, xypnaa cifl npHBu^Ra — 

9tlBpMMBBXh BepXX HaCHJBCTBOlTb, CTOJBSO MOSXy RpecrBflHCTBOlCb 

BnpeHHJiacB, ^to h on rocyxapcTBenHHrB npaBHTejibcrBi ompaB- 
jMMse pasHue qHHOBHiie jho^h h cojEAarn nperepn'^BaiorB HHorxa 
coBpoTHBjeHie OTB MysHROBi, yrpoBu, HanaxeHifl h xp&kh». 

y^xnafl noJiHipfl lasse cocroajia vb vbjs^mvi BoeBOXCBHxrs aan* 
qftxflpift. OpranaiiH ea sBJi^JBCb coicsie h xecarcsie, HsfipannHe 
lyjcnianaifH. BeBrpaMOTHHe, cjysHBnne (SesBosMesxHO, necmie cboh 
iiteficsifl otfflsaHHOcniy KasB TarociB, ohh hjoxo ^iobejdi pastfoft- 
}>j Ha o6H2ie soropux^ sajyerca 6ojii»mHHCTBO HaRasoFB. 
Mmje Msrb hhx'b xoxarattcTByKyrB nooroicy o BOBotinoBjieHiH hh- 
fc, H cyprcjaBCsoe xBopaHcrBO, BOo6n^e BecbMa XHsoe, npatfaB- 
xaase: ^ecxa sio nofh xBopflffB fb TasoBiixi se (k)ronpoTHB- 
X&nuTB npHjra^niTCfl, ch t£mh noBejriHO 6azO'6h tos'b y^H- 
KftKB H Ch cymfnm bioa^mh?. 
HrnvBi BoeBOACsoe ynpaBjeme, «cyAe6Ha2 BOiosHra* h «nposj[fl- 
jasoifCTBO'^ AO-neaBsa oraro^ajiH abopahctbo. Ho HaBasu ne 
ixncfl saio6aMii h njascBBioiH iepeiriaAaiiw 06% yric- 
cja^HXi CHAHmiHi (j^AHHX'B tioraTHMH, jnn^enpiflTiH cyjifit^ 
• ^poAOJuanenHociH cyAe6H08 npox^eAypii; bc£ ohh npeA^araiorB 
iMMa xi&flCTBHiejBHoe q)eACTBO b'b ycrpaHemK) zihy bc6 ohh be- 
jpn 910 qseACTBO Vb saif&Hi, xoxa 6ii vl HHsmax'B HHCianipflxi, 
^ppBOcrpaTHBHo-RaHi^eiapcKHXi hopbabofb MncmnuMd deopsHCKUM^ 

HeHaBHCTB Kb 6H>pOBpaTH^eCBOft THpaHHiH oco- 

-ffaso BQCKasuBaercfl fb TyascsoicB Haaast: «noApasafl He* 
10 seeotfo^ noxbs/b, naxoAHJio 6u TyjEBCsoe abopahcibO) 





.1 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



76 roOTHEK'B EBPOnH. 

j^ CBoero yxoBOJBCTBiii h HCTHHHaro npaBocyAui, ochobetb ^pxy 
npaBieHix laiuofs otfpasoM'B, ec^re OHoe h6 bi npoiHBHOCTb buco- 
^attmHiTb seiasiirirB es HimepaTopcROHy seJonecTBy. Canoe nep- 
BiSmee h HeotfxoxHKO BceycepxHO sejaenoe name npomeme^ hto6u 
vh ropoA^ rpaxoHaHaAHHKH HB6HpaeMn (SiiaH BceicipHO rbia me 
nopjiAKOicB, TOLKb H HUffl Mu ycM0Tp6jiH npH Bndopt npeABOXE- 
Tejiefi n AenyraxoBi, b'b ^eny ffij&e h ao utepsoBHaro x^a^sa h 
Ba6ai^R0ft rojiOBEi, 6erb oxo6peHi£ necTEHxi M>ffittj hhkto xony- 
n^effB He 6uBaerb, spoici ABopflHCTBa, soropoe Bcasoe npaBjieme, 
Ha Hero HajoxeHHoe, cb KpaflHHM's orop^meirB chochte npHHys- 
xeHO 6njio... Ton, soiopiii ynpaBjaerB fbsAOWh mnEfkj h ddto 
rpaxoHa^aiBHHBa cb ero TOBapHn^v ne ^esnojiesHO 6jf,erh ors Ea 
HmiepaTopcBaro BejHTOCTBa Bucoqaftmeft BJiaciH HasBaxB ne Boe- 
BOAofi, a HHSHie ^hhh ho nox^BAHHini, Aafiii ^pesi to, He tomjuso 
y;^psaTB BCiBaro rpaxona^ajiLHHBa fl CBoefi nesasopHofi noerynH, 
HO H naiuiTB MHornx^ vh cem SBaHui Hapymnrejiefi 6jaroAeHCTBifl 
sarjaxHTb^. 

njiann M^cxHaro caMoynpaBjeHui, Ha^^epraHHEie HaRasainr, pas- 

HflTCfl MOSXy C060tt Bl nOXpOtiHOCTflTB, Vb HaSBaHUI H ^SECjA MPMMr 

HOCTHux'B jiHi^, B^ onpeA:&ieHiH rpaHHi^'B hxi B^crr, ho He 
6j]SfiyL'b ocraeaBJiHBaTbca na ^thtb HesHa^mrejbHtix'B BapBjii^xrB, 
ocraHOBHMCH JiHmB Ha T9Mi o6ii^ell hdbwh. ^bopahctbo crpeMHTCfl 
npesx^ Bcero bhxth issrb CBoefi pasieAHHeHHOcni, pasxpotfieHHOCTH 
H cnjoTHTBCfl vb Kopnopcmw, Vh deopsHCKoe offtnecmso. HaRasH 
npeA^araKXTB, 9to6ei cb aioK) JsjbjDM BaaxHtt abopshhhi toyho 
onpeff6jHjrB, no Kasoicy yisfj owh xoien HHCiiHTBCfl ffis XBopsn- 
cbhx'b cb^aob^b h Bii6opoB%: ^ffk6u npen cie yvpesA^Hie pas- 
ctflHHoe no Bceify rocyx&pcr^ XBopflHCfBO Morjo no y^Aam 06- 
n^ecTBo ABopflHCBoe eocraHOBHTB* (MHxaflaoBCKifi Hasa8i>). TaimrB 
otfpasoiTB cocraBJieHHoe XBopflHcaoe o6n^ecrBO CBiaxaexca fb onpe- 
A^jieHHiie cpoan bi y^AHnft ropox^ h ]i86HpaerB h3x CBoeS cpexH 
npexBOXHTeJieft, ylsAHHX^ h oeMCBHx^ £y;v^9 ytexBHTB oaeajrHOB^ 
jaHApaxoBi, KOMMHCcapoBi H npoq. Bee bto— pasHae Tmyjn, ffi,- 
BaoMHe pasHUMH HaBasanH opraHairB MtcrHaro xBopflHCsaro caico* 
ynpaBienifl. EavB mu yjse roBopHJiH, TBiyjui 9th h CBisaHHiia ch 

HHMH HOHHlia BeCBlCa pa8H006pagHEI, HO TOJIBKO KB HOApodBOGTiUrB. 

Bb OAHHxi nasasax'B Bcrp^qaeicB jaHApaiOBi h hmtb noAwneB- 
mm soMMHCcapoRB, bi Apyrexi seiccidS cyA^, cocraBJieHHHft mrh 
npeABOAHveiJi m HicaojiBKHxi aaeiA^wieft e v. a* Kpyn A^baraiB- 

HOCTH 8THXB JK^b fUMB O^ep^OHB KB paSHUX'B HiMWrB <kuriie 

HiH uewbe ysao am mipMo: vb oahhxi mwb noAcyAHSi xnoh 
eaMue Majnie uoBecHiie hckh, btb fpjvEXh doAie zpywme hhcb- 



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j)igitized by Google 



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OSSPOTBSHHHS MJSfkXEL. 77 

Bte OAHHXi ncB upflrroBOpx noji^^nsBewh sannh K&ecBJSfE 
oeaaia, vh KpynTh — nposHHi^ajEBHiixrb h ju^sie BoesoAcsiixi Kan^ 
qeiB^ift, no OTHomeHiK) b& soTopaifi ohh sBjAiOTCfl jihiiib HHSinefi 
iBemHiQeft, h t. a. Cjioboitl, ^emiH BecBiia pa3Hoo6pa8Hii. Ho 
o^^tf, ocHOBHiifi ^epxH dTHXi KdJUBSOGHBUXJh jms;h BHcrynaiorB 
Beesiu apRO h peue^HO aai-noA'B meccu ^aciHiix'B. 

!• Bet OTH JIHI^^ eu6opHUe (m> ABOpflHCRHXl CBfeAOBl* Ha 113- 

Bknoe, onpeA^eHHoe Bpeiffl. 

3. Bet OHH, no OROH^aHiH CBoeit ;i[ojurhocth, noAJiesarB ox- 
BhoKHHoerH h OT^erHocTH nepoA^ BstinpaTejiflMHy Koropue Ka- 
jmn vs!h TO HpaBCTBeHHO, TO MaTepiajBHO 8a Hexo6pocoBicTHoe 
wamsasme o^saHHocrett. 

3. Hx'B rjiaBHoe HasHa^eme: a) xocraBuarTB CKoptf A, npeHMyn^e- 
cu e uu o cJioaecHBifi cyxB, ciopyD pacnpasy bi netfojiBmHxi rpas^ 
vmoMXh xtiaxi, ch ocMompojm u ceudtmeAhcmeojia HaMrbcmaaz 
m npoHSBOACTBa cyjijs^ t^ears sanqeJiflpcBHx^B spio^BOTBopcTBi. IIpH- 

lOffiemoeTB HX'B VB AftHHOft MiCTHOCrH, SnaBOMCrBO OB MtCTHHlCH 

jrcaoHHMH xaiOTB BWb B08X0SH0CTB BEiDOjaniHTB 8Ty saxaHj; 6) no- 
cpcffoneeiBO Mes^y aAMHHHcrpaqiett h MtcrnHirB ^opjmcBHirB 
ofimciPOirB: conpoBosAenie BoeHHurB BOMaHA^ h orpasA^Hie sh-^ 
Teieft on Bacuik coirAarB^ ycxpoilCTBO nyrett cootfo^eHiir, T.-e. 
fmMJULjKBOL A^esHofi h naTypajLHOtt AopoaiHolt noBEHHOcra; xoAa* 
sa ABopiiHi, Hiitionjliix'B A^Jia vb npHcyrcTBenHUXB iit- 

UpOBBHipaJIBHUX^ H OT^aCTH CTOJIBlHUXi; b) HtCTHail nOJIH- 

iQK (jOBjfl pa96oilHHBOBB, HCBopeHeme Bop^encTBa) n cjitACTBie no 
yiUOBBiiirB A^jaarB, soropsifl saitirB nepexoAflTi vb pysH BoeBOA^; 
A noil o6jiSLcm ABopflncsHirB AO^SHocmBiirB jranaifB noA^HHeHH 
le HSTB BpecTBflH^ coTCBie H AecflTCBie; r) oxpaneHie h bos* 
leme MesesHxi 3HaB0B:B bo Hsfitsanie hobux'b aeMOJiBHiirB 
y; a) HtBOTopHe aaRasu nopy^iuoTB ^pranaifB ABopaHcsaro 
BHifl H y^easA^Hie onesn naA^ MaxojitTHHMH h cjia((o- 
jBi^aMH CBoero cocjiobIh. 
4« BiacTE dTHXi opranoB'B ABopancKaro MtcTHaro cavoynpaB* 
li noAHHHeHO SHByiqee bts ytsA^ abopahctbo h EpecTBflHCTBO, 

BpeCTBflH^ ABOpHlOBHXB H BBOHOMH^eCBHX'b. (TopOAa 

ocjq6u& o6n^HHUy n abopbhctbo cb BaBHcxBio ciiorp&io 

■i-ftiOiiecHHfi cyA^B FB MarHcrpaxax'B h paTymax^B). 

^.Mxmie nasadn B£ipamaK)irB asejiaHie BBeern BBi6opHoe nanajio 

M^ ammsL aAMEHHCipaTHBHUJi HHaam^iH, h xoAaxaficTByHyrB o 

woewKhy HasHa^aeMuxx cenaTOMi, rpaAOHaHajBHEBaMH, bs- 

MtCTBarO ABOpflHCTBa. 




Digitized by VjOOQIC 



78 BSGTHSS'B XBPOHH. 

TaKORB, MBSiXy npO^HlTB^ CUHCIX npHBeXeHEHXl HaMH CJLORb 

lyjiBCBaro Hasasa. 

Epyra x^TeiBHOCTH BuCopBurb TpHfpmnubBsmwb fpjosmh 
6ui'h ociaTbCfl TasHHi aae, savB Bpyrb x^TejiBHocTH eeaaTcnxB 
BoeBOx^. Ho BJiacTB HX'B xoisna 6Hjra 6bitb BpeiieflHofi n nopi- 

HeHHOtt BOHTpOlH) JlfiOpSiUCBXTb CB^OBl, KOTOpne MOrjm (Su ETB 

CM^HHTB sa HeAo6pocoBicTHOCTB vh HCiipaBJieHiH o6a8aHHocTefi, a 
oco6eHHo sa jhxohmctbo ^). 

KaKB ropa^o he paxoBajo XBOpaHcrBO sa BBexeme ntoflaro 
caMoynpaBJieHia— y«crie kl HeifB, cjys6a no KiCopairB — npe^- 
craBJULiBCb eny auobo He sadasHHiffB saHarieicB, CBop^, nanpo- 
THBi, xarocTBH), BOTopyH) MOSHO 61L10 BSflTE Ha ce6fl jmmb mfih 
ycjOBieiTB cooTB^TCTByioHtaTO BOSHarpasj^enifl. ^ajBHia pascToam, 
;QrpHua Aoporn ffiiajiH pas!&'63Au no aojushocth Rpaftne xoponmH 
H yroMHTeuHiDiH. Onoro bc£ nasasu onpe^'&iiaHxrB BELdpaHHOicb 
npeABO^^HTejiflicB, cyffuiirB, oneaynairb, soKMHccapairb tiojite eih 
Hen^ BHa^BreJibHHS roHopapx. Toilso nepe^^ apocjiaBCBHirB po- 
pflHCTBoiTB, H sasi HaiTB CAaeicH, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHo nepexB sha- 
3eM:b ]II|ep6aT0B£i]rBy hochtca o^pan anrjajKcBaro jiopxa. Hasasi 
npHBOXHTB AiiHHHizfi pfl;^ no^ecxeS, ^oJiaeHCTByiDn^HX'b BunacTBHa 
ffljoo cranoBHXi soMMnccapoBK «noHese cia, na hhxi naiosea- 
•naa aojishoctb^ y^nHHTca BecBMa HHoroTpyxHa, loro wp, He no- 
Bei^HO ja dyxerB nosajEOBaib hx% HHsecJu^xyionQiMH npHBue- 
riflMH: 1) HTo6ii MorjH hm^tb ^ecrb HMeHOBaTbCfl nox^ nporeapieK) 
ea HMnepaiopCKaro BaiHqecTBa, aso jioah, aEyasa^^e 6effh saio- 
BaHBfl, AJifl nB6jao}f,emsL cnoaoficTBa n (Siaronoiy^ otfntecrBa; 
2) ^to6h hh sa sasHirB A^om h he no BasoHy jxibjij^ ovpoiA 
ocBop6jieHifl BejiH^ecTBa, bo Bpena ^uthocth btb vb Boiaaccap- 
CTBt OT^yneHu 6htb He mofih; 3) ^to6ii, ecjm sro 0x1 y<$BerB 
HJH Hiwb o6Ej[jiVhy sa to xboekhm^ mrpa^jTB npoTHRB HXi v 
HOBi 6hurb nnpa4K>BaffB; 4) hto($h Bcasoe cy^e^Hoe iri^cio npaBH- 
TejKBCTBa, na npeAJioaLeme Bomniccapa y^xnaro hxh craHOBoro, 
npHHyas^^o 6buo no;^ onacemeiTB mxpa^^ cb nojiyvema ero 
npewfoaseHia, ne jmuiej aavB npesB nicai^, oisiiTcrBOBaTB h cj^- 
CTBie nawTB; 5) 9x0611 ohuS soicMHOcapi HHrxi, OBponi cotfpaau 
^BopflHcaarOy no jsjbiSLWb ero BOioiHCcapcxBa noffsyA^^^ ^^ 6uxh** 

1) ^2 xapaKiepHCTHKH TorxaniHHX'B 6DpoKpaTE^ecxHxi HpasovB h o6HHaen o^e^ 
ix)6oniiTHO saMiHame sisoTopHrb HaicasoFb BoeBOxcsHxi ceKperajNixi. Ho uffboMi 
dTHTb BasasoBi, BXb ci^xyen HasHanan h8% umB, He urbDn^Hrb o([>HKepcBaro paiira, 
h6o Torxik BoeBOxa, ho ct^uuicb, Mosen iiiTpa4K>BaT& Hepaxraaro noMomHna iiaisoD 
H casaTb Kb xexbslu A aro conditio sine qua non ce^^erapcEaro jcepxui* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBipCTBIHHHE kXSAJIH. 79 

XifSTpoBesift HaBasTE Tasace BiicsasuBaerB MH<6Hie, hto BaB:& 
qKipoABreu, TaKB e seifCBie cjabh xojishu cjysHTB otfo^ecTBj 
((as BCflsaro BOsiiesAui: «h8% oahopo jnotfoqecriii h j^jui (XhitecTBeHHOtt 
oetDSH*. Ho ovB oiipe;!$JuerB Kasxony cyxi^'i 300 p. kb roA% ^a 
mffpaairig micnfiLj jomajoiett h ;^fl pasi^AOKB. 

HasasH np^ABHXflTB, hto jisAHoe abopahctbo 6yAerB yBjoHflTBCfl 
xue OTB oCflsaHHOCTH nocin^aTB xBopflHcsie (rb^xH h pesoiceH- 
Uen pasHEifl Mtpu ;^ npEBJieiemfl hxi k'b o6ii^ecTBeHHott x^- 
teuBecTH. OxHH npocflTB npasHrejiBCTBO HarpasjuaTB ifj&cniHX'b 
HHHaMH sa xopomyH) cjys6y. Jl^pyrie HsiiiiiiLauiioirb sapa- 
jcipn sa Henoc^n^eme Bu6opovh h yuoHeHie otb nasHa- 
vh AOJSHOCTH. EamHHCBitt HaBas^, HanpHM'ip'b, BtipaaKaerca 



«n9B MHosecTBa ABopflH^B, MosceTB 6htb, Bnp^^B cjiywTCflH la- 
ne BqmffUHe, BOH craHyTB OTroBapHBaxBCfl otb aojishocth h otb 
wg&sKBL RB co6paHie pasHmiH oiroBopsaifH, Basi-To: 6ai1^3HflMn e 
onfaffuiH, 6yAT0 sa HysAaME, vh ^q^yris M^cra, to BceMEJiocTE- 
Bttme noBejJtoo 6u 6ujio j^si CBE/d^^iBCTBOBaHk TaBOBiix^ eepa- 
XDsncB, a AU nojiBBOBaHifl A^ficTBHTejiBHO 6ojn>imTh onpex^jiETB 
QXBoro lesapfl ea coAepsame ABopsHCBoe, Boeny e coctoatb vh 
lAftmcmb npexBOXEiejifl e TOBapEn^efi rbx'b 6oj[bhiixi cl 6jn33i- 
sDyn^HMH xBopflHanE, BOE AU Toro HapflseHH 6y]iYrh ocMaxpE- 
no ocMorp^ penoproBaxB, e ecjra bto abetce npnTBopno 
CB rtiTB noBen^HO 6h 6ujo ymnimb sa nepByio sEny 
peo^eMaHTB, a sa mopjjo judneaiBswb mTpa4K)]rB, no pascysAeHiH) 
XMipflJffB, sa xperrBK)— apecTOiTB; a boe xiflcTBErejiBHO EMl^H)rB nys;^ 
KfpL onfeuTB, r&]rB6ii eoboj^ho 6iijio o tom'b otfiflBJUiTB npesA^ 
arsbsfjBL EECBMeHHO npeABOAsraiK), a no npi'lsffb o cetSib 



OnacHHM'B conepAffBOiTB iri^cmofi cjystfu no BH^opairB ebjie- 
ma Torxa, BasB e lenepB, ciys6a rocyAapcTBeHHas^ neorpasEMO 
wguueMSLieMBBfia. ffis, pyccBaro ABopsHEHa. Ona icaHEja bi ce6i 
tgvdsL CEXSiy ocraBiflfl fM ic^CTHaro canoynpaBJieHifl jih6o jooxett, 
jgae oimHBanntEZ'B cBoft b^b^, yse oiciysEBmEX'B aiys6y na 
tfpaHE, ih6o HexoyHOB'B, Xhbhx^b noiriuD[flBOBi-jo;o]coc6xoBi, ne 
KCfl cjyse5H0ft BapBepoft. Haaasn npESHaiorB btotb ne- 

^^aBII^B E CJIOBHO lIEpflTCfl Ch HEITB, npflKO SaSBJUIE, ^TO 

KB iriteiHiifl xoisHOCTE omcmoeuue use HecAya/cau^ 



6iLia BaiEBa, sneiitOBrB OBasuBajiocB icajio. BasB 6u to 

■b.IbiO) noTpe6HOCTB bi pe^pni npoBEH^iaJiIBHa^o o6n];ecTBeHHaro 
m ynpSLBjemsL cBasajiacB kb HaBasarB BecBiia sebo e onpe- 






Digitized by VjOOQIC 



80 BUGTIHB'b DPOm. 

X&urrejiBHO, h 9to HecoMH^HHO noBJiiHio na noBoe «y^pesx6iie o 
ry6epHiflZ'b», Boiopoe, icaiTB BSBicTHO, nejio Bii6opHoe Hamo h 
;^pflHCKoe caifoynpaKieHie fb ryOepniflX'B h yisAan. B% oi^tfiij 
aioro caKoynpaBJiefliH mei xeneps ne BBxqxBWb jiAcamwb B^a- 
BaTBCfl. Mil pascKorp^H tojikbo, KasmrB oho npexcraBUJOC^ abd* 
pflHCTBy BO Bpeiffi co'TOHeHui HaBasoBi, Hero oho bi newb bciuuo, 
OTB RasHX'b sojK^b HaA^jEOCB HafiTH FB HeMi cnaoeme. 

Ji^s xapaBTepHCTHHH ceMeunato, doMatuwno d^opsHcmM Guma 
Hasasu, JBh cosaj^HiiOy npeAcraBjAioTB BecBMa naio fjkmaxrh. Ohk 
sacaDTCfl noApo6HO jhiiil oahoA ero cropoHH, — HacjriACXBeHHaro 
npaBa, npeHHyn^ecTBeHHO npasa Hacj^xoBamfl poxoBiirb HexBHsut- 
Muxi HKyni^ecTBi. Torxamnee saBOHOAaiejiBCTBO no aiony Bonpocy 
BO MHoroMi pacxoxBJOCB (TB noHfliiflMH n Tpe($OBaHiflMH, rocnox- 
CTBOBaBmHHH vh o6ii(ecTB&, H BTorB paBjax^B BHCsaBaicji KB nasa- 
saxi. PyccBoe XBopflHcioe o6ii^ecTBO XYIU B^xa x^bho nep^KKMo 
poxoBofi 6uvh Bi crporoH^ CHSiaii aioro cJOBa. Poxobeui cBflSH 
xaBHO ocjiati&ra, h ofiflsaiejuHiifl npaBHja o HaciixoBaniH poxoBHx^ 
Hjfyn^ecTKB no HHCxoxfl^iefi nyascsoS jumH yjce Torxa npexcraB- 
jiijiHCB BecBMa cri^HTejBHinrB h nepasyHHinrB anaxpoHHSHOHi. 

Mh Bcrp^HaeMi vh naKasaxi, cb oxHott cropoHii, wmlo6sl he 

TO, HTO nOM^n^HBH CniOniB Xft pflXOH!B npOXaKXIS pOXOBIU CBOB 

HM^Hifl vh Hysie poxu, ne npexynpesx^fl o tom% poxHieK h ih- 
mas HX'B rbwh npHnaxJiesan^ro hhi npasa BUByna; CBxpyroft — 
flCHO BHpaseHHyiD norpe^HOCTB CBo6oxHaro pacnopajBemfl HM^Hieic^ 
vb uoxbsj Bai6oiie xopororo hjdei HaHMen^ otfesneienHaro joasfi^^ 
xoTfl 6u nocTopoHHflro. 

Bcrpi^aeMCfl h c/b saaBjieHieHi vb nojosy nacj^xoBamji poxH- 
lejiefi nocj'6 6e3X'6THUx'B x^Tell, tofo ne npHSHaBSJio name Baso- 
HOxaTejBCTBO H ?ero BaBaBu Tpe6jKyn> bo ema ecrecTBeHnaro npasa* 
EojiBniHHCTBO HaBHsoBi CHHTaerB laise neotitoxHMHM'B pacrnHpHi^ 
npaBO cynpyroBi BsaBMHo Hacjd&xoBaTB xpyn xpyry HacnerB po* 
XHHefi, a H^BOTopHe BucBasiiBaioTCfl sa yBeiH^eHie ^aciH nacjiix* 
CTBa xonepefi. 

BoTB Beana xapaBiepHHA cjoBa xMHrpoBCBaro HaBant: «0! 
BOJiB coBepmeHHO cucrjiHBnMX MOserB Torxa HasBaiBCfl bcmbIB poc* 
dficBifi xBopflHHHi, Borxa OH!B BjiacTeH!B 6yxerB HHtmeHX CBomrb, 
BaBHicB 6u H6BHHHI1MX o^asoM^B OBOO HH xociajioo^, HarpaxHn 

TOJBBO vbTh B9B JijbTelk CBOHX'B, pOXCTBOUUHBOBl H HySHXl, BOPO 

pascyxarB xocrofina ero BcnoMon^ecTBOBanifl h Boro HafixerB cno- 
cotfaa Bjax^TB HMiHieHi»! IIoHiiHi poxHiejiH c% ropeciBio ^acio 
BBHpaiorB na 6ixHiix^ xo^epefi cbohx^. Ore^h^ hh&l xoHBHciina, 
npHHysx^ffB ociaBHTB cuna, HHorxa Hq^ocrottnaro, btb hbo^hjoh c& 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



0BQB6TBIHHHE EffikXEL. 81 

qwaMwaiMo xoumh CBoero HM^Hk, a ^o^b b% HiiiiieTi cb ^ieinp- 
Bvcqarcno xo^eio. Ofioe T&irB naie ^yBcrBHTaiBH:&e, hto Mys^niHa 
I 6en nsoBoro Heyir6peHHaro BOSHaipasAema mAerb ciynaft 
lamwTh pasamoi xosBOjeHHiiMH cpexcTBaMH ne ;toj[bbo coxepsanie 
cetfl, HO H (TB HBjramecTBOH'B HBodHiie; a seeiDiHHi nepi&XBO bh- 
vn yrHeraeifHX'B cxy^^ociBH), BeMjmjsxT> ropecTHyio shshb... He 
plpo eaynaercfl (JesA^rrHuirB hm^tb ApyB^> on BoiopiiX'B caim 
BUlMi Mranjji oxoiseHifl; ohs 6u, KOHe^rao, npexnouH (sohx'b 
(ianjijhiejieft, or^^eHHiiHi, HHorxa h HetfjiaroAapHBorB poACTBeH- 
mm; ho HHH^niHiS daxowb mrb bl toitb npeiurrciByerB. Bomne 

M$ BCiXB lipeT6piliBaR)TrB OTB HHH^IIIHflrO ysaBOHeHifl Vh HHOITB 

ajuk xysKB, FB ^(pyroMi— sena 6e^Kbmaej Roropiie bi shbhh 
BaRfeffbftineH) ooexHHeHH xpya^<^OH>, h Hepa8;i:ijBH0 BJia^ioirB 
odipiirb HMimeiTB, a no cxeprH ojptoro hkb hhsb, aubh^S- 
m BticAfjasaoi one^aniBaKXTB htb xoitb h BcrynaiorB bo BJia- 
lime 6di£mefi nacTH nysHEHa hjh x/evtmh vwbms^ bi^ oropn- 
TensUfaneiiy nosopHov^ f^B ocraBinaro*. 

Rb pacHopusemH upnamiwb mijusficrBOWh co ciopoHH sen- 
uQorB rocnoxcTBOBajia no saicony h no o6inaK) nojra&fimafl CBo6oxa, 
mropox) mepbffto aseHDtvHii BJioynorpetfjiun. Cy^HCJiaBcxift Hasasi, 
HanpnfiprB, caraen HysHmrB, AO nsB^kiTHOft creneHn, crhcBBTh 
m Kh npoMaTHBamH npHxanaro, ^to6ii Mys'B no CMeprH senu 
He oeraicfl 6e8rB yKasnofi ^acin. PasBOffH, senH, sHBynpa bpobhb 
Ch mymuoa^ ynoicHHaioTCfl b^ naRasax'B aobojkbho nacro. Besnpe- 
ciafiHinrB noBOXOirB Kb poxcrBennBiirB crojuBHOBeniflirB nocjr6 CHepm 
noirtn^HKa np^craBjuieTCfl pasA^enie ero h aKenEnux'B npHAannxi 
XBopwHrB jaofifii h x^boitb, no»enHBniHxcfl Mesxy co6o8. HaMsii 
xoxKraficTByH)TB o($b BBXftHiH TOMHaro saKona no aroicy Bonpoqr. 
Heiouo xM€fh> lErraeiTB uu na TaKB-nasiiBaeMiifl «pflXHSfl»y am 
neeuuL igrpBesHue h otfpeMemiTejiBHne js;vi Myseft jspKpieBTii. 
BmjfMA f^Bvn;y saifys'B, poxHrejiH cocraBJifljiH ea XBHsmcoMy n 
KKBUKHMOMy npH^aHOHy noxpotinyK) onncB, o6nKHOBeHHO cb npe* 
ywnwHHHirB otfoBHa^enieirB h^hhoctb. Ecjih ^epesi^ h^bojbbo 
An OHa yMHpajia 6esf!kmoiOj poAnw ea BSHCSHBajiH cb nysa 
Bcs BO 9T0t piiAHoft sanHCH ^poir6 ysaBHOtt ^acra). Owb ^ojioeffB 
6iuh pacnjia^iHBaTbCfl h sa «Tji%HHtifl>, a&bho HSHomeHHini senoio* 
^empii viyjncH h damicaBH. Ecjra icys'B yirapajTB panLme 
r, ona caiia npoA^^^niBaia ly me HcropiH) cb ero po^^iniaMH 
m j^knuB OTB nepsaro tfpaxa. U'iBOTopHe Haicasii xoxaTaiCTByion, 
vote HOBoe yiosenie nocranoBEJio nncaxB vb pflXHiixi jnrmB 
«nEi6HHiifl», MeraiifflqecKui Ben^B n nexBHaRHHoe. HnynitecTBO 
diet, poxHTejiH soTopurB jncepjiE hjih BcrynnjiH bo BTopoft 6paB'B, 

Tov» I.— ^toAPb, 1876. 6 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



82 MOTHni IBPOHH. 

61110 njoxo orpasx^HO on pacxHo^eHk BcmwuHMSj Mavxaiffl, 
XpyrHMH poACTBeHHBsaMH Bju jsfixe nocTopoBHEMH .iHi^aMH. Ooesa 
He 6iua BOBce onpef^umA bib Hamem TorAanmeirB sasonoxaTeirB- 
ca/b, E Haaaau xoxaiaficisyiorb aonojmefliB aroro npo61ia 
Bl HOBOMb yjioxeHiH. 

BocmraHie XBopaHCsaro iOHomecTBa cocraBiajo apeAMerb no- 
ciosEBUTh 8a6arb EKaTepflHu. Ho mh sa^om nosa amh on^ym- 
TeAHue peayjDbTaTti jnn Bib Giomafixh. IIpoBHHi^iaiBHHe doa- 
pocrsH (Shu bi pyRax'b RyrettBiiHa h D^u^NipRHHa. ^ase npB 
npotfysx&BineMci cosHaHui nojBBu otfpaBOBaHui^ MeiBOnoniciHoe 
npoiflHipaiBHM ABopffHCiso HO vh cocTOflHiH 6uA0 Bhf^jimh mis 
CBOHn fibtei. 

^erapnaxqiffB HasasovB npocarb o&h ontpHxiH wk npoBiH- 
niaiBHOT'b n rytfepHCKHXi ropoxaxm y^EJam;b, Bupasas »Me 
roTOBHoerb ooxfttcTBOBaTb noMepsaHiio etl fpnexinuHB. liosep^ 

BOBAHiailH. 

JI^MHTpoBCRift naRasi coB^erB OTiJiaifb 6paTB ctb co6ott ciiio* 
Bel Ha XBopiHCJEsie c^iibiffi h rtiirs BOcmTHsai^ b% hexi rpas- 
xaHCKitt xyn. 9to xacaerca xo ereneHH odpasoBaBiM caMin 
on^oB^ 1.*^. ooBoaftiia XBopsFB, coqflHMBniHXi pas^Hpaeiiiie Haior 
HasaBK, TO noAUHCH nox^ HaBasaMH xaioTB nairB xanHKUE x^ ^ 
onpex'^Jieoiii. Btb 27-iih y^tex^i Bci npHcyrcTBOBaBinie sa bh6o- 
pax% XBoprae rpanoroEi; vh oeranHHX'B lacreHEBO nonaxaercfl: 
«TaBott'^o sa xaKoro-TO sa HeyM'bHieM'B ero rpaMorb pyay npi- 
jLomsLTh*. Oeo6eflHO BUjsflxytcsL no ucjy HerpaicoTaHxi yisxn- 
xBxaiJOBCRift (ea 140 ihi^ 81 aerpaMOTEHft), nepeflciaBJu>- 
pflgaseBift (na 95 Ji. 46 HerpaicOy X9AHJioBCKifl (na 6 j. 1 Bierpaif.)- 
Bi HiBoropiix^ HaaaBaxi BcrpiqaeifCfl cb nojuanchio yoe rpaiun^ 
Haro ciiHa-^cepaaaiiTa sa HerpajfOTHOcrbB) on^a-nopyuKa; bi» xpy 
n[x%, laotiopoTBy orei^ noxoBCiiBaeTca sa cuna. Bb ciBepHuxi 
ry6epHUU» mBixi nopaBHrenHux's iiH^pi h^tb, jpra h Ta» 
Bcrpi^aeiTB HerpaicoTHHX'B noHTH bo Be£x% Hasaaax^B. Bi nap- 
eeHbeBCB(»rB ybaxb (apxaHrejoropoxcBOil rydepHm) un 10 nox- 
nHcaBDiflxcfl 6 Hfi*paiftOTHux!b^ H jao6owiTBo^ ^rro sa Hisoropuxs 
BffB HBfX'B DOxmcajHCB xT^OBHUfl ti^i^ai Mero ho BcrpinaeirB 
Bi xpyrax'b HasawTB. 

Taaoe orooBieHie newQr rpaKOTHumi n HerpaiiOTHUMB XBopawnH 
saifiiaeTCfl, aoBiopflarB, Mesxy UAaMH, flBBBmEHHca Ha Bii6opu. 
EcseevMrao Hpexnojoaun^, teo Mesxy HeaBHBaiHMiicfl, vh oco6eH- 
Hoew asesomaMH, aro oxHomeHie caopte Mefffie, ^rbwh 6oiie, 
yrtiOKeAiioe. Cy/piciaiCKift ytex> ocotfeHHO HSimtHBaeTB na xa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBII(SCTBIHHU£ EffiUR. 83 

poBaHiH ABopHHCTBy cjiOBecHafo cyxa vh mrjiux'b A^>;iaxi>: «noHese 
iHorie BOBce rpaHorb He yiftiorB». 



TasoBH 6wLE MucJOLj crpeiueHifl h norpedHOCTH pyccsaro o6pa- 
aoBftHBaro cjioa bo BxopoS no^OBHH^ XVIII-ro B^Ka, cto Jiirt xoMy 
Ba3M>. Mu, ROHeHHOy He HC^epnajiH Bcero coAepisaHifl HaRasoBi 
H MoriH 8a6oTHTBCfl Bib fiamettt KptmoM^ o^eptA tojibbo o bos- 
MOSBOi nojmori RapxEHH HpaBOBi n H^eajiOBi lott dnoxn; h86%- 
rai cmnsoiTB socntoffiU'L otio^meniff, mh BUffiEVME BoepeA^ jiHmb 
aaatfoxbe xaparre^Htui ^epin, o6mm mhofhii nn xori h^^crojib- 
Em HasasairB, h onycRajin cjry^affHoe, ncRJUOHHTeJiLHO irbcmoe. 
4u HCTopHsa ERaTepHHHHCROfi anoxH vb noAJiHHHusB AORyxen- 
Tixi ocrajocB e^e mhofo TaRoro, ?t6 npHBje^erB ero BHExaHie 
Kh ce&b H ocBtTHTE cMy Ty HJiE ?pjij^ CTopoHy Harnett o6n^e- 

CTBeHHOtt SHBHH, OTB^THrB Ha BOHpOCB, RaRl y HaCB TSMJOlj fj' 

lULEHy Hero XOT^JH en^e He xaKB aabho. 

C. B — BA. 



6* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



EFO nPEBOCXO^HTEJEbCTBO 

91EH1> pyroH'L 

POMA.H'B, GOH. 9MHlfl 30I1. 



Les Rongon-Macqnart, histoire natnrelle et sociale d'une families soas le second 
empire, par EnUle Zola. Tome sixi^me: Son Excellence Engine Rongon *)• 



HoBufi poMaffL 9m. 3ojra flBJUieicfl mecnnrb vh toitb pa;^ po- 
MEHOffB, KOTopuft 6iijn> vswh Ha^arB en^e b^ 1871 vofj uofih o6iBjDtb 
sarjaBieMi ceiiefinofi HcropiH PyroHi-MaRRapoBi, h to^ho xaRi se, 
KasB H IIpexH;^yII^e, dwrh poMasB npexcraBjuierB co6ok) caMOCTOfl- 
TenHoe i^^oe, CBflsaHHoe n npexinecTByioiitflMH ^aciflMH ofpson 
npoHCxosAeHieiTE repofl isarb Tofi ace ceMBH, HcropiH) soropofi, «ecTe- 
ctBensyjo h otfn^ecTBeHHyK)*, aBToprB H8o6pasaerB vb pasiEHEHxi 
sapBepax'b ea menovb, npn pajWHTOHX'B hx^ xapaKiepaxx h tcm- 
nepaneHiUrB. Ham ocraercfl tojbbo HanoMHBTB HHraTasflirB renea- 
jioriiD HHHinmflro repofl h ero nojio^seme fb o6ii^efi Hcropm ceuhn 
XO Toro MOMenra, ex Boroparo Ha^Hnaercfl HacroflnUfi ponaHi. 

Bk Ha^ULii HacTOflnviro crojri&iiji, vb npoBaHcajBCBOiTB ropox^ 
ILiaccaHi, chhx oropoAHHBa Uhepb PyroHx-MasBapx, po;(OHa^aii»- 
HHsx Bc/brb 6yxyiiVBxx repoeBx, yoAi'b bc6mh Eeupss/fja na- 
aunBca, o(Jo6paTB cboh) nojiycyiiacinewnyH) iiaTB, otfiiaHyTB CBoero 

») Tom I: La fortune des Rougon („B4cth, Eb.« 1872, udjb, 112). — Tom* H: 
La cur^e (aBrycTB, 614).— Ton* III: Le ventre de Paris (1873, ioHB, 76).— Toms IV: 
La conqnftte de Plassans (1874, or., 686). — Tomi Y: La &nte de Tabb^ Mouret 
(1876, JiHB., 268). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asnrb pyrora. 85 

cBoxHaro ((paTE AHryana, a cecrpy ypcyjiy Bi^axB sa pa6oTHHBa 
Hype H BuraaTb nm AOiiy. SSeeHBinHCB na 4^hcht6 nyenrb, 
lUeprb PyroHi-MaRRapi CA^ajica rentier, ho sanyrajicfl vb f^B,ji>y 
I f/brm ero BUHyxAeHu 6ilie npotiiiBaTB ce&b Aopory caMH. Orap- 
mmrB chhoitb &Toro IIi»epa Pyrona h 6ujn> dseHi. Bon saKHMi 
o6pa30irb 3ojia xapasrepHSOBaji 9Toro ^yxyn^aro repofl Biopofi hm- 
nepii FB caiiofi nepBoff ^acre pfl^A cbohxi poMaHOKb (La fortune 
des Boogon): 

«Oiapniifi, dm/ewby Can copoRa iiix^ bi anoxy ^^BpajiBCROfi 
poojuDiUH 1848 roxa. ^HsiHecsH okb 61121 noxos'B Ha CBoero 
oiqa; ho y ciiHa neyiuiosecTb on^a npoBpan^ajtacB bi> BasHocxB 

OCIHBH. Owb 6UA'h qeCTOJIlOtfHBl, HO He MOJIO^HO: Vb HeiTB rocHOA- 

cnoaaju hhcthhrtu HeorpaHHHeHHOft Bjacni, p^Roe npespiHie Kb 
Meio^HHiTB cpeACTBaM'b. OrpeMJieHifl rb ^yBCTBeeHOCTH, pasBEBiniflca 
n ceicefiCTBi PyroHOBi ci crpamHOfi tfBicrpoToft h cocraBJiflBinifl 
KiRB-tfii xapaRTepHCTH^ecRyio ^epry dxoro ceiieilcTBa, xocthfjih vb 
HeiTB caiiaro BiicoRaro BupaseHia; owb xoriii naciiasA&i^Cfly ho 
jMCTBeHHO, yAOBJiexBopflfl CBoeft norpedHOCTH rocnoACiBOBaTb. JI^sl 
loro, %ro6u ne pasopflxb cbohxi poAHxejieit, owb sanHcajiCfl vb chh- 
oocB aABORaiOB^B h nposfltfaji'b fb ILiaccaH'6, BiuRHAas tfjiaronpiflx- 
Haro Gjy^aa. 3a ii^kfli^ ao ^^BpajBCRHX'b AHeft owb Rasajicfl chibho 
onlkHeHHxurE: TOHRitt woxb y&bxajt'b ero bb npHtfjuiseHiH Bceo6- 
v^jkTO spHBHca. Ob Tofi MEHyTH IIjiaccaffB cA&iadicfl A^ Hero ne- 
BHHOCHMmrb: xocRa cH6Aua ero, owb ne SHajTB RyAa a^tbca. Ha- 
ROHei^, OHB pimHJCfl yixaxL vb IlapHS'L. Bb RapMani y nero 

(hUO He 60JLie nflTH-COTB 4>paHR0BB». 

3wLewb EMfbjTb AByx'B 6paTBeBi: ApiCTHAa, cb xapaRiepoMi npaifo 
npoTHBonoaosHiiM'B, MeJio^Horo, saAHaro ao A^HerB, saBHCTJHBaro,— 
■ IlacRajia, nocBflTHBmaro ce<Sfl HeAH^HHi; mu bha'^h IlacRajifl A^pe- 
BeBCKmrB APsiopoiTB BB npefifiifymfiUT> poiiaH'^, fa^ owb flBJuercfl 
nof^ CBoero poACTBeHHHRa, a66aTa Mypa. dseH'B, npoA'^aaKB icesAy 
rlvB BCD 4^BpajiBCRyiD poBOJioipK), OTJuraHO jEOBHi'B pn6y FB Myr- 
vA BOf/bf coayman cjiys6y AeRaCpBCROMy oepeBopory n lenepB 
curb A&uieicfl repoeirB poicaHa fb xy caMyio anoxy, RorAa Bxopafl 
noiepiH fpcTBTM anorefl cjiaBu h Moryn^ecTBa, npn ORonqaniH 

HffOKEOH BOflmi. PoUaHB, nOAJIHHHHRB ROTOparO ffiJiSieWb CRopo 

flosnTBCfl FB IlapHS^, OTRpuBaercfl ci^eHOfo sac^AAHifl fb saRono- 
JllkieiBHOM'B Kopnyci. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 BifffUKi mms. 



I. 



npesiLABHrB emfi ctoaji, BusHAag, vrotfu ynajicfl myiTB, npoBs- 
BexeHHuft ero npHduxieMi. HaROHei^'B, owb c&rb, nporoBopuBi 
Hetfpe^iHO H Bnojrojioca: 

— 3aciwHie OTspuTO. 

Owh pacnpe^^^bEjn no nopflA^y saEOHonpoeKTu^ jresararie npex^ 
HHiTB BE 6H)po. Gji'iBa ($jiii8opyBifi cesperapB, yrKHyBmiicB hocomi 
B% 0yMary, ^rarajfL npoTOBOJrB flocji^xHiro sac^A^Hiji. Hhbto bvl 
AenyraroBi ne cjiyma4% loro, ^6 owh 6(ypmfswh ce&b noKb Moch. 
B% 99kA 6iiJio myifHO, h iieaie cespeTapa cjiymajE ofjam Jims 
npKcraBa, A^psaBmie ce6fl o^eHK ^hbho^ vb npoTHBoaoaosHOCTB 
(S93itepejfOHH£iirB nosam h pasBasHOCTii Manepi AenyraxoBii. 

Bx sac^AaHia HejiBsa CiiJio HacHHraxB h era meaovh. Jifi, h hsi 
T^x'B, BTO 6iiJi^ ^a jhi](o, oahh yse ApenajiB, nojy-onpoBHHyBniHCB 
Ha BpacHUx^ 6apxaTHiix'L csaifettKax'b, cb raasaMH^ ycTpeMjeHHUMH 
wb KaByio-TO HeonpeAiJieHHyH) Tomsj. JIj)yrie, cropCHBrancB Ha;rB 
ntonHTpoMi, nox% 6peMeHeM'B CRyBH ny6jiH^Haro sac^AAHifl, thxohbbo 
BudHBajiH najiBi(aiai no BpacHony AepeBy BasLahro MejoxiH. B'b 
nojiyRpyrjoe osao^ BnpiksaBmeecfl na neOi etptiBTB OBajioMi>, npo- 
HHsajio AO»A^Boe natcBoe yrpo h ocB^n^ajio TopsecTBeHHoe j6phn- 
CTBO saju. Gwbrh csojiBBHJrB no csauefiRaiffB, pacnojioseiiHEiirB ycry- 
nanH, H TEMi-n-cflMi^ JioaajKH poBramfH nflTnaifH na nyemxi iti- 
craxi: sa cniiHoA npesHxeHra &bxbmQh craryn h J[&I^iUI yspa- 
menia. 

OjifiWb msb ffiuyrsLTOVb, na xpeiBeft CBaMetts^, cioajrB vh jmowh 
npoxoA^. Oh'b (tb osatfo^eHHHMib bhaoitb xepi pyBoio asecTByio, c6xo- 
BaiyK) 6opo;iy, ysBofi nojiocBott odpaiLiflBmyio ero jihi^o. Memo nero 
npomejTB npHcraBx; owb ocraHOBHj'B ero h Bnojirojioca cnpocnjTB o 

TOITB-TO. 

— HirB, r. KaffB, — OTBdbqajfB npncraBi, — r. npesHxenrB ro- 
cy^apcTBeHHaro coBi^ia en^e ne npH^uju. 

RaFB cbjthj B, BHesanno HOBepnyBumcB b^b cBoeiiy coekjfj^ 
no jrlByio cropony, cnpocnjrB: 

— GBasBTe-Ba, BesydFB, ne BHAaju Ji uu cerojiBa yrpen 
Pyroni? 

Eesy8B!B, MEMiimtt, xyxeHhsitt ^JioBi^HeBiB^ yrpK>ioitt cb Wf^^ 
noAHflJL^B rojoBy, cb Mopraioii^MH uassaMH h cb pasc&iHHHirB bh- 
jiflwh. Owh nHcajn nncBMa na CHHefi 6yMar£, cb djianKOiTB: «6e- 
sydH'B H BOMn., xpycrajibHHft 8aB0A> vb GeBrB-$jiopaHi>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



pyroi^. 87 

— PyroBa? — (mib^ks.% oh*. — ^H-ferx, a ero ne wifiuh. fl ne 
ycn&rb aidtTH fb rocyxapcTBeHHiill cobIt^ 

Bexydffb cneneHHO npHHflJca CHOsa sa paliovy. GspABHjKfl ci 
suiHCHofl SHHSBofi E ciaji'B nHcaxb BTopoe nHC&MOy. nex* CMyreoe 
tepMOTUise ceBpeiapfly soH'saBiiiaro irenie nporcMuia. 

Ejork onpoBBHyjoi n. cnHHBy eBaMBH b CBpecnm PijrKii. Amjfi 
era, cb BpynBJHMH HepraMH e 6oABinHM'B npuuMBinrB Hocon, 
<i(knraiBiDBm eq>ei(»oe npracxos^^eBie, ocraBajocB n^HpBOXBwmrh. 
On cateofibrh na danormi poeerBv norojn^a^ mnom» nrju^^uBajTB, 
im A^MKXB RaiOTSJFB vh 8Ty MHHyry Bfb nosyBpyrjoe obbo; sa- 
ffao, He aHaa> Ryw x^tb rMsa^ npnsfljcs paBCMarpmaTb cjoshsui 
j^aiHeiiia ^onmoi crbHu , Basi^ para BanponivBi. Ha AByz% mh- 
ea eny (fpocajtae^ hb rjiasa nasejiHy otivflBynu saieHiurB 6ap- 
H nMpinnia hobojiowhh&iiih yspameHiaini. 39frbu%y oria- 
xbRB KeJMttHu, Bi BOTopuiTB npBCJOHBJiECB ajjeFopmecBifl ^orypu 
Giofibc^ H 06tifeefM^eH9uiM> no{f»/H^, ycraDHicfl, HaBcmeqib) sa ae- 
jenyio mejBOByio sastey, eBpuBaraiyiO ^etay c% metpKBxmewh 
npacarfl JlyH-^Hjiuina BOHCTRryipH. 

Mea^ty rbu% ceBperap^ dj*. IIIyirB Kb saji^ ne npeaplui^cfl. 
IIpesBABHn, we cn^a^ nepejiimiBajrB 6yMarfl. Owb MamHBaiBHO 
vfUf^BUfb npyauiHy aojiOKOJiB^BKa, rpoiiait smwb aonoparo, ox- 
HaaOy He npespafnijrb pa6roBq)OBi. H BcraBi, epex* myiia, oh* 
Boem&i'B eh MHHyry vh osBxaHiB. 

— FoenoAa,— Ha«iajr& ohi^— a nojy^uLrb iraeuio... OvByMOJiBo^ 
a cMOBti HOSBOHHJrE, noxHflffb cBoe cepBesHoe h eay^ano^ee jolho 
Hax3» MOHyiMHTajiBHuirB 6fop6j ci HaHaaflMB bbi spaeHaro npiu^pa, 
o6ia»enHWMH 6'ljnnf'B MpanopoifB. SacrerHyrafi eiopvyHrB npesH- 
jieora Biix^bjuuca na 6apejBe^ BaxoxHBnieBfCfl bosmh (!iopo, a 
nepectaajTB ^epaoft immeU nenayiiii 3eM4edtbMJi h IIpaMhmMeHr 
nocmUy Ch aBTB^ruMB npo^[auflMB^/^ 

— Focnoxa, — bobtophji'b npesHxeBnrB, aorxa xo^aica epasHB- 

BUBBOtt TBOIBBH, — fl BOJiyiBjrB BBCBMO OVB T. X^*Iau6epT]^y Bl BO- 

Topoai OHB BSBBBaei'Cfl, HTO He MOserB npaeyrcxBOBaffB na cero- 

XIUQBBeM!B Sacix&HiH. 

nocjBiHUucfl TBxifi GM^TB sa oxHOfi BHB csaHeeBB, meciofi 
cveTOiTB B cvoflBmefi BaopoTHBi npeBBxesra* K)Hiii f^euyn^sPb^ Jiivh 
jmmaTH-iocBMii He 6ojie, BarjiymajVB kb €e6'b 6tjrHiiB pyqaaifB 
cepe^paenift eiATbj HanoMBHaaBiifl cjAxi* xopomeaBBOtt asera^HHu. 
QffBFh usfh era cofiparoHB, rpoMaxaaro pocra^ npaxBHayaca b* Heay 
a cnpocBJCB aa yxo: 

— PaaBi JUM^epry b* eaaoai^ X^^ aamejirB cbm> aceey?.. 
PaacBasare-Ba hb^ npo aio, .la-PyBeFB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 mcfBMK'b monH. 

UpesEffiBTh BSflJTb oxanRy 6yMarB. Ohi roBopHn MOHOxofiHHirB 
rojiocoMi; orpuBRH ^pasi xojerajra fft caiiolt rjiy6HHH sajiH. 

— EcTb npocB6Ei c&h ornycsi... Fr. Eiame, BioKerB-JIeKOHTi, 
X^M-BHJUflpABeirB... 

A noBa cnpomeHHafl najfaia paspimajia omycftB, Baffb, yro- 
MflCb, XOJisHo 611TB, co8epi](aHieM'B sejieHaro mejuBa, cspiiBaBmaro 
MHTesHoe HSodpaaKeHie JlyH-^iuHnna, cjierxa noDepHyjufl, ^to6h 
orjifl^^TB TpH6yHu. EhKh i^oBOJieii'b h8i& sejiTaro MpaMopa Cb qep- 

HHMH SUBaMH, MeS^QT ffiJTh KOJIOHETb, meJTB TOJn»BO OffHITB pE^l 

TpH6yH%, o6htiix'b aMapaHTOBturs Capxaxoirb; ho noBepxrs ero 9j6nu 
nsffb ro4)pflpoBaHHoS kosh He Morjra CRpiirs nycToni, otfpasoBaBineScfl 
BCjAfpme ynpasxHeHifl TpH6yHU Bxoporo pflAft) npexHasHanaBmelci, 
xo HMnepiH, xu sypnajiHCTOffB h f,jm ny^jrasH. Mes;Qr tojicihioi 
seaTUMH KoiOHHaMH, H^BOUBO Tflsejiapo, xoTfl H TopsecTBeHiaix) 
CTHJifl, BAOJib nojryBpyra, bhxh&ihcb yssifl josh, r^t i^apHji noiy- 
MpaicE; OB^ ($iUH no 66j[kmefl nacrH Hyeni h BOe-rx$ o&HBJiflJiHCB 
XByiffl-rpeiffl esfbujuum seHCBHMH njiaTBflMH. 

— 3re! nojBOBHHBib lSx)6exdWb Tyro, — npo6opHOTajrb thxo Kawb. 
0^ yjoi^Hyjicfl nojncoBHHBy, Boropui ero Tose yBHAajii. IIoji- 

BOBHHBib 6ujFb OKbvh vh TeMHocHHitt ciopTyKB; owh HocHJTb ero 

BBBB liyHAHpib, CI Tkjl> HOpB BaBfB BUmOXB Fb OTCTaBBy. OffB 

cvmiji'b OAHHi-oAHHemeHeB!B vh Jioxb BBecropoHB, ch o<|»Hi^epaEofi 
poserBofi, mBofi rpoMaAHofl, hto ona Basajiacb 6aHT0if'B h8% ^yjuipa* 
Ho Kani saHHrepecoBaxca xenepb mojioxhitb ^ejioB^Bom h mo- 
Mfflt seno^HOfi, H^bsHO npHSHMaBQiHMHCfl ^(pyrb Kh KpyxiA vb 
yrojucy TpH6yH£i rocyxapcTBeHnaro coBim. Moaoxofi ^ejiOB^te:^ 6e8- 
npecraHHO HaBJiOHfljicfl m> moioaoS* aseHH^HH^ h ^to-to menraxi eft, 
a oHa BpoTBo yjifii6ajiacb, ne rjiaxfl na Hero h ycrpeiiHBi raasa 
na aueropH^ecByK) ^nrypy OGutecmeeuHato nopHdna. 

— BsrjuiHHTe-Ba, BesydHi! — npomenrajni Kbhb, Tojucaa bo- 
i^HBOM'B CBoero cotfpaxa. ^ 

BesydHB HHcaii yse naToe hhcbmo. Oh'b hoxhhjtl roaosy ci 
pacrepaHHHifb bhaomi. 

— BsrjuiHHTe, — npoAOJisaji Eanrb, — bohi^ xaMi, naBopxy, na 
MajeHbBaro x'dcBopafijib h xopomeHBRyio m-me Bymapi. H yni- 
peH'B, HTO owh ci nelt BaHrpuBaerx. Y nero rjrasa laBie xoMHiie... 
Bet ApysBfl Pyrona, ^ojiano 6htb, croBopHjniCB coSthcb sx^cb. Bohi, 
Vh TpH6yHi j(ju[ HyCjHBH, m-me Koppfipi nnera niap6oHHejiB. 

nocjiHmajicfl 6aiie npoxoasHrejiBHnfi bbohokb. Oxhhx hbi npi- 
craBOBx saBpHHaii BpacHBUMi tfacoMi: «THme, rocnoAa!» 

ny6jRBa npHcjymajiacB. H npeBHAenrb npoHsnecB cjAfjvm3if> 
^pasy, BOTopyH) bc£ xopomo pasciumajiH: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



pyren. 89 

— r. KaffB npoam nosBoiraui Hane^aTaxB p%%, npoHrae- 
eeoHyv) hitl npn o6cysAeHiH BaBOHonpoesra otii yqpesxemH MyHH- 
ipiutiBHOfi TfeBCH Ha 8BHnasH H Jiomaxefi, rb Dapiisi. 

Ha csaMefiBaxi npo&bxAJFh roBoprb, h qacrmae TOjnuat CHOBa 
suraaiHCB. JIa-PyKerb aofffkrh b% Kany. 

— Bh, raauTL, pa(k)TaeTe na nojisy HaoeieHui? — cnpocu's 
QBi, myra. 

naroirB, He fflMMff^Ch OTBira, npH^aBU^ 

— Bki He BHAara Pyrona? Bh HH^ero He cjiiimaiH? Bci 
WKpm 06^ 9sou%. Ho, Kasercfly HHHero en^e h^ttb xocTOB^pnaro. 

Orb noBepHyjicji h norjflx&i'B na crtHHse ^acu. 

— Yse xBamaxb nnyn Tperbaro! Bote, y<$&Kajx 6h (JesfL 
ocuxBH, eciH^H He HTenie sroro nposjiflTaro omera!... Ero, vh ca- 
ima x^^ 6jxyTb HflxaTb ceroAHS? 

— HacB Bcix'B o(J!B dTOirs npexynpesxa^H,— OTB^HajTB Kani. — 
2 He cjmxaji'B, ^to6zi npoHsonuia onciHa... Bu xopomo cx^MTe, 
ecjH oeraHeiecB. GeSnacrb 6jfyTb BornpoBaxB ^enipecra THcaq'b 

IpaHBOKb Ha BpeCTHHU. 

— Caifo co6ofi pasyirfaercs, — OTB^Majrb JIa-PyKen. T>rapiifi 
reaepajTE JlerpeHX, paBtfHnifi napaiHHOMrB na o&b nore, Bar&i'b 
Ba pysaxi npHHecm ce(Sfl; ohi xosHxaerca rojocoBamfl vh sajrib 
lOB^pempft... HmiepaTopi He omHtiaexcfl, pascHHniBafl na npe- 
XIHHOCTB Bcero saKOHOxaieAHaro sopnyca. Bcb nanra rojioca 
c& ero ycjiyraiTB bi^ TasoirB lOpsecTBeHHOirB ciyHsA. 

K)hiiS x^nyraTi ynorpe^Ei'L bc£ ycHjifl, hto6ii cocrpoHTb 
cepbesHyK) MHHy nojHTH^ecBaro x^Tejifl. Oh% orsHHyjrB nasa;^ 
CMHO iQrsjH)o6pa8HyH) poamaQr, Cb tiftjioKypiim pbxRHifB nymBOM'B, 
H irtpHO pacBa^HBajTb fojioboh). Ob uuvyTy owl ehkb tfyxTO 
Htciaauaica XByiffl nou'^XHHiai opaTopcsHUH ^pasaMH, coerpflnaH- 

HBMH HM'B. SkAwB SaaUCfl df^ZOlTB. 

— Eose Mofil — nporoBopHJTL orob, BaiKb ddtmHu 8th map- 

Tyrb EaKb h owl npHHAjracb TpyHH^b utk^b hhhh. Ha naxaifB 
inap(k>HHeiB 6iijia na^^^ Hej^naa sarraa majib; na uysA — ojsjwh 
m rtrb npoBHHipaibHux'b dopryBOBi, Boropiie sasi Cy^ro cspoe- 
HB TonopoiTb. CynpyTH^ TOJiCTHe, BpacHue, npHseiiHcrae, hohth 
jrajjECb nox(SapQXBO]rb Fb 6apxaTb paiuiH, ^to6h jyqme cii- 
xm sa sacftffoddMi, ho Burapan^eHHue rjiasa hxi roBopnjra, hto 
ohh poBHo HHHero He noHHMaiorb. 

— EcjHi Pyroffb cjierHTB, — npotfopMorajTb Jla-PyRen, — a ne 
WXb Ksyvh cy 8a npoi^eccb lUaptfoHHejarii!... A Borb Toase m-me 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



90 BsonnrB mtm. 

Jiy HarHyBmflCb Kb yxy Rana^ owh npoxojuuLn o^esb raxo: 

— KciarrE, bu b^xb SHaeie m-me Sopp^rB; acasHre mb%, 
^Tb 9T0 sa jH^fflocTB. Bo Bpeicfl 6ho oral co^qmaia oseA, He 
npa^a-JH? PyroBB shji'b y Heii? PftKxadHBaion XMKe, ^ix) oea 
ccysaja ero ffiEhThUE?... A xeiiepB "rtmb oea aaBHMaerca? 

KaH% craxi o^ie^B oepBgseHx. Obpb uemevRO uaxiurB cboh> 
6opofly. 

— M-me RoppejKB oneHB noHTeHHaa rocnosa, — or^ierjiHBo 
nporoBop&KB OH^. 

3th ejiOBa cxepsajiH jiodonuTCTBa Jla-PyRexa. Owh csais rydu, 
ci BUfpwb mKoaBHHBa^ noJiyHHBoiart Haxjio6y wy. 06a Mona r.ffl- 
A:6jn[ (TB MHHyry na m-me Eo|q)6p'B, evA^Biiyio Bosii UlapCoH- 
aejieS. Ha Heft 6ujo BAtiiso CB^o*jiHMB6e njaTBe, qwhb apaoe, 
CB spysesaMH h 6oraTott OTA^jubolt. JIb^o y sett 6fijo cihidboii'b 
pyifflHo; Jo6% noapuTB mqlirhiih saBHTymRan, u,Kb y ti^josypofi 
Kyuii, sHpsaa mea oiBpirra h Bee eu^e BpeapacHa, He Baspaa 
Ha ea copoB'B-BOceMB xbvh. 

Ho FB diy MHHyiy bb rjLy6wk sajiBi nocjiuniajau^B xjonaiibe 
xaepefiy mejieerB h)6okii, sacraBEBDnJI o6epB|yTBCfl jBdb ix)jobei. 
Bueosaa x^ysraa, spacotru HeanacaHHOtt, fb CTpairffi}M% Ha{>ax£: 
ffb seaeHOn^ aijacHOM^ xyxo cmiarsoM'B hmtb^ — aoouia vh josy 
AHnjoMaTH^eesaro RopHyca bb eonp^BcoM^aia noasBtiofi wvh, 
oxtTofi KB ^epHoe. 

— Ax'b! apaeaBB^a KMjttHAa, - npa({opiioiiaw< Jla-Pyaer^, 
H BCEraiB, 4.to6bi nosjiOHaTBCft na Beaalft Uipi^H. 

KaffB Tose Bcraji. Ob'b narflyica bb JBe^yaay, BBiaxiiBaB- 
meMy cboh nHCBHa vh KOHBepru. 

— HocjiymaiiTe^. Besy9H%)— upooieiETajrB o»b: — a^K^CB rpa^Hsa 
Eajub^H c% AOwpBH).... S. noixy cnpoiay y hix'b: He BEf/UB mm 
OH* PyroHa? 

y (topo, HpeBHxeHTB Bsaax HOByio oxanay 6yiiarB. Oh-b 6po- 
CHJi'B, He nepecTaBBfl ^HraxB, BdrjiH^B hb apacaBHuiy Kjiop«Hjiy 
BaiB^B, npH^uxie Roiopott Buasajo mieiiOTB rb s&i^ 0, nepexaBaa 
oxHy 6yMary sa xpyroit cesperapDs hpowsoghjib CBoporoBopaott, 
He co6j[K)Aaa hh towbii) he sanaT^xx: 

— SaaoHonpoeBrB o&b yBennemH pouhhh aa hphbostb 
CB^Huxi npanacoBx b& ropo^ JIhjjfb... SaBeiM^QpoeRrB coexH- 
HeniH BB OAHy otfo^HHy o6Eafm% ^jieBam-jie*IIew h Bajuuraffb- 
Bjiesa (BepxHflfl-MapHa)... 

Kbhb Bep^xcfl, noBHAHMOJMQry orop^eaHiiACB. 

— P^mHTejBHo HHRTo He BBxan'B ero, — CBaaajTB okb Jla-Py- 
Beiy H BesydHy. Mena yB^paiorB, hto HMnepaTopB njHiBBiaajrB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Fvron. 91 

ero B^iepa fie^epoirB, ho a He sxaiD, juasovh 6wn> pe8y»Taa*b cbb- 
wmsk... Moaserii mm 6iitb ^cro^Hi6yAi CKjiwbe MewsAcraoen. 
jUa-PyBeirb npomenraji Ha yxo BexysHy: 

— BiAHHi Eab% ateeroRO 6oiT€tfi> RavB 6H Pyrooi ne paa- 
copHjKfl CL TionepH: ero sejidteHM Aopora yjiuiSHercfl eiiy hb n- 
loirb cjy^a'b. 

TyTB Besy8H%, HOTopHfi Booikqe ^sun, HepasroBop^BRE^ aasHo 
ii|Mn8HecB: 

— yffueHie PyroHa narb FOcyAaperBeiHaro coBfaa 6yjifiTb 
jiptioft jm Bdbx'b, 

H, noAQABaffb pysoio npscraBa, oh% nonpoean ero 6pocHTB 
n no^rroBuB ju^bki ma^Ma, BeiopBUi to»ko-ito HanHcaji!!B. 

3aT^M*B am Tpoe AenyTttroBo^ pacnoioaajiife^ Bwrb 6iopa» no jA- 
iyK> CTopoHy. Oh% ocioposHO saroBopua o neiiBJiocTH, yrpoaaBmefi 
PyrMy. T6 tfuaa o^eHb cjoa^Haa mcs^ii. A^^^ poxerBeiiHHBx 
nmeparpBAii) 9*61670 Po^parei^, y«e ch 1808 ro^a msM% 
ci ^aai^BCRaro npaBHrejLCTBa eyiiMy oroio ji^yxb HUJdoHOBi 
^panoff^ Bo BpeMfl scnaHcaott BoitEii, y afroro Poxpireiia^ aovo- 
piit 6hj*b apMaxopoofiiy fiujn saxBaqeH'B b^ raemHCKOHii sa^BBt 
BopalliB, HarpyseHHutt caxapoM'B h ko^, h OTBeAes% Kh Bpeev^ 
oxHHMi BSfh HamHx% 4^peraT0Bi^, La Vi^filante. Uo cjt/bffXBiio, na- 
puKeHHOMy ifi&CTHott soMMHCciefi, aAMHHHCTpauifl npHSHajia npHSi 
8aKOHHii]n», He o6pamaflCB kb Bvcniefi HHCxaHiuH. Meai^ty liirL, 
PoAFBrei^'b HOxajTB «Mo6y KB rocyxapcTBeHHutt cob^tb; wrbMi> ohi 
yiiepr^ b ero cbiri^ Tnieroo HUTajea npn paBJEH^aEix'B ppasHreAB- 
cnax-B QQAAffrB gbJiOj nosa HaBOHeiti aacryQeHiecTBO evo Tpoio- 
pogcHoft cecrpu^ gv&iaBniefiai BceMoryn^ett, ne BiiAwnyio ero npo- 
peeea sa atbrh Bomtt, 

Hmi CBomiQ roMBami pasroBapwaaioiivie jsfinynru cwnajH 

MOHOTOHHHtt VOAOGh BpfSHABBTa, vpOAOJUKaBIIiarO: 

— SannonpoeKTB a paspfknenip Ka^BaaxoccsoMy jienapsa- 
veHTy OTBpuTB aaeM'B vh xpHcra tocavb 4»paHS0B%.,. SasoHonpoeiKrB 
pi^p^efliH ropoxy AvBeny otkpntb saenKB wb ab^h thchhq^ 
^paHKOBi... 3aBOHonpoeBTB pasp'^^memH xenapraifeHq^ K^iv 
WhHop^ orrspHTB 3ae» b^ Tpacra-coposB-iuixB TBLCA^'B ^^paEBOBl, 
■a oaapHTie xe^famrvoKB nocjtxHHx^ usm JLixh... 

— ^"fcio KB TOM%,— roBopHJB KaffB Bwwirojoca, — ^To PoxpH- 
resiB BBo6ipbA'h tota^ o^eHB lOBsyio nnyay. Oh'b BJiax^ii* BM^texi 

CB OJpmrB CBOHICB SflXeiTB, SHBmeifB Bl> HBiO-Iopst, OABHaROBttHH 

lOfiatiaaMHy Mropue noonepeAao njiaBajm xo hoa'b aBcepHftaHcmM'B, 
fo HOXB HcnaHCBHirB 4^aroM'B, CMOxpa KaKB 6um Cesonacnie... 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



92 BMivm tmottSL 

PyroBTB ysftpflxb MeHfl, hto sana^eHHuS Bopa6n x^ScrBBiejiBHo 
npHHaxiesajTE PoxpHreiQr, h ^ro npereHBifl coBcftirB HeocHOBaieiBHa. 

— T:bifi 6ojrie, — npitfaBixb BenysHi, htd cyxonpoasBOxcTBO 
mao camiiTB saROHHinrB nopsiffiowh. AxMHHHcrpai^ifl Bpecra HM^a 
BOJHoe npaBO npHsnaTB npiivB dasoHHiurB, He chocacb cb bhc- 
melt HHCTaH^ieS. 

HaeiynHJio Moname. JLa-PyBerb crapajicfl npEBJie^ib Ha ce6sL 
BHHMame spacaBHipi -KjiopHHxii. 

— Ho,— cnpocHJTB offB HaHBHO,— noTOMy ate Pyroffb ne xo- 
qePB, hto6ki PoxpHreiQr jublxh. ffiB. MHJuuoHa? sasoe eny x^o? 

9t0 BOnpOCB COBiCTH, CepBCBHO SailfiTHJi'B KaHi. 

Jla-Pyjserb noovepeAH BsriflHyn na o6ohx'b cbohx'b co^paroffB, 
HO) bhas hx^ TopsecTBeHHHii mnAy ffisie ne jMuCnyAOi. 

Ki TOMy »e, — npoAOJiawui RaHB, BaiPB-6H pascysx&fl BCJiyxi: — 
PyroHy hoduh pasHiifl nenpuiTHoerH ci rbxh nop%, RaKs A^^MapcB 
cx&xajicfl MHHHCTpoH'b BHyxpeHHHX'B ffbjTB. Ohh Bcer^a He TepirtjH 
xpyrb xpyra... PyroHi roBopHJTB mh^, qio ecjnitfu ne ero hphbh- 

SaHHOCTL Kb HMHepaiOpy, TO OHli AftBHO 6U yxaiHJICfl OTB f!b2%... 

Ci0B0if3», eicy 6ojn»me ne no-oe66 b^ Tiojib^h, h owh naxoxHTib 

HyZHHlTB HOBOH^HTB Cb HHMH. 

— OffB HOCTyHHTB ViAKb qeCTHUfi leJOB^Kl, — BaH'^THJrB Be- 
SyBHl. 

— ^a, — nporoBopHj'b Jla-Pyitere cb tohkhmii BHXOirb: — ecJH 
om> xoHerb bhath vb OTcraBBy, to BpeMfl Butfpano yxauo... OAHaso 
ero xpysi^fl 6jjijvb vb ox^aflmH. IIocifOTpHTe-Ba na nojiKOBBHsa, 
BaRoe owb crpoHTi rposHoe jiEUfll Owb TSLVb pasc^umiBarB nps- 
i^^HBTB spacHyH) leHTO^Ry Ha meK> 15-ro tfyxyo^aro asrycra... 
A xopomeHbRaji m-me Bymapi, Roxopaa noRjifljacB, ^to ffiCsoboA 
T. fiymaprb Cyxerb HanajnbHHROM^ or^ijieHifl vb mmHcrepcTBi Bnyr- 
peHHHX'B f,i2% paHBme mecxH m^^i^obi! Bh sHaere, hto MaienB- 
Rift x'dcRopafljiB, (iajoBeHB Pyrona, ffixmewb 6ujeb hojioshtb hoa^ 
cyRHO npHRasi o HasHa^eHiH Bymapa b^ a^hb ftorejia ero senn... 
KcraTHy RyAa ohh a^hcb, MajeHBRiS A'^CBopaftiEB h xopomeHBsafl 
m-me BymapB? 

H BCt Tpoe npHHflJIHCB HX'B HCRaTB. HaROHei^ OTRpUJH BXTE 

FB rjy6HHi TpH6yHEi, a npn na^ajii sac^Aanin ohh cha^h he 
nepeAHofi cRaMeflR'6. Ohh ynpuBajiHCB fb nojiynpaR'!, sa CHHHOfi 
craparo nj^mHBaro rocnoAHHa, h cha^jth cMHpnexoHBRO cb pac- 
RpacH^BmnHHCfl junsf^uB. 

Bb dry MHHyry npesHAeHTi^ ORaH^HBaai ^Teme. Owb npOHSoec^ 
nocji^AHifl cJiOBa ycrrajuiirB roJiocoifB: 

— SaROflonpoeRirB o noBumeHiu npoi^eHTa najiora, paspimen- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dUffb pyron. 93 

nro sanmnrB 9-ro iDiu 1853 r., h ^pesBuwtEiaFO HajiorA aai 
xenapraMeHTa Jla-MaHnrB. 

KsHi no($bsan kb 8to Bpeiifl naBcrp^Hy Kb xenyraTy, bxoxhb- 
ffievy FB 8a;[y, h npHBej^ ero, roBopa: 

— BoTB T. Koii6ej[6, Boropiift coo6ii^im HairB hobocth. 

r. xe*Ro]f6ej[69 RamceprepB, Bu6paHHuS Bi^xenyraTu Aenapra- 
wsBKJXh J[aHA!B, BCJi^ACTBie JK^pMajiBHo saflBieHHaro ^^jaHui HMne- 
ptniMi, nouoHucfl ci cKponHnifB Bujsjowbj xoasHxaflCB, HTo6u ero 

COpOCBJM. To 6BIXB BUCOKiS, BpaCHBIlfi rOCHOAHH^, CB OHeHB &b' 

Mi losefi H 6opoxofi, ^epnofi RaBib cmojb; btoS 6opox% oh% 6iij'b 

odmiTB (SOJIBIIIHMH JClJi^BME CpeXH A^^V^* 

— Hy?— enpocwBKaHib,— ^T6roBoparB bo ABop^4? KaKB p4- 
nm HifnepaTop^? 

— Boase Mott, — orB'^Haii r. Ae*Kox6ei6, BapraBfl, — roBoparB 
]MfiHoe«.. HmiepaTopB oqeHB pacnojoseHi rb r. npeaHxeHiy rocy- 
itpcxieHHaro coB^ia. Hecoira'^HHO, hto CBHAaeie 6ujio ohchb ;^yse- 
cioe... j»9 OHO 6hjo ohohb xpy^K^csoe. 

OffB ocraHOBHJiCfl) BSB^rnHBaa oiOBa, hjo6u He cBasaiB jiHniHflro. 

— SHa^rarB, oxcraBKa BSflxa HasaxB? — cnpocHjrB Ean^B, h rjasa 
ero safijEcraiH. 

— S, OToro HO roBopnxBy — orsi^ajTB ipeBosHO RaiieprepB. — 
fl HMnero He SHaio. Bu noHHMaere: Moe nojoseme o^eHB n^esoi- 
mo— 

Orb He xoroBopHjrB, yjiKidnyjicfl h nocninniJB dbcrh na CBoe 
vkao. KaffB noaan njeqaiiH h o6paxHJicfl b'b jda-PyserB: 

— Kcrani, bu mioxbsmu sHaxB, vb qeiTB j^io! Hey»e.iH se 
cecrpa Bama, m-me Jlopani^i, HH^iero Baii'B ne pascRasKiBaerB? 

— 0! Moa ceerpa en^e cspHTH^, n^wb xe-KoMtfeid, — otb4- 
«n MOJOAOtt A^nyrarB, cm&icb. Qb vbTb nopx, isaB^ ona Hasna- 
leBa ciaTCi-AltMott, ona MOJi^ajniBa, saxi* mhhhctpb. OAnasO) B^epa 
OBE yB^bpua MOHfl, ^TO OTcraBBa tfyxen npHHara. KcraTE, a sa- 
6axh ooo6n](HTB naiTB otjihtohB aneBAOTB. PascBasiiBanrB, qT6 nox- 
CBiajn oxHy Xftny^ ^rro6ii offlrqHTB PyroHa. Snaere, ^ PyroHi 
Qdnn?— npornai'B Mfixy, a BaM^TBTe, vro ona 6um npexopo- 



— PyroHi i^onyxpeHHiift ^eaoB^s^B, — TopseciBeHHO npoHS- 
BesysBB. 

Ja-PyBen noBaxaiicfl co CM^xy. Owb nporecTOsajTB h mofb 
6m np&BecTH ^^avniy ecxBi6u saxori^. 

— BoTB, — ^iipo6opiiOTajB owby xoTB 6u m-me KoppfipB... 

— Hhboiw^— OTB^^aji'B Kani, — bh ho snaere woft HcropiH. 
~ Qy, a npeBpacHaa KioirnHxa? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



94 BWnMK% IBPOSH. 

— nonore! PyroHi cjiHinsoirb yuewb^ itote CBflBimTMi c& 
8T0fi cyMac6pOAHOtt a^bhohboB. 

H, npH<$jni3HBiiiHCB xpyi^ B^ Apyi79 Focnoxa sua saBeaiH 0%hi>* 
o^eHb cBa6pe3H£ift pasroBopi. Oira nepecsasBBtJtH Hcropis, xoxkb- 
miji Ha c^en XByx'b HxaibflHOiBiB, miTepii xo^epii, He it) aBaHTH>- 

pHCTOKl, He TO apeCTOBpaTOS'b, E0t0p1iIX% BCrpibnJH BeSffty BO 

BCflBDfli TOJiKOTH^: y HHHHcrpoBi, wh leaipaTB, Ha uofjaixh Boxaxs. 
MaxB, roBopHJiH, 6iiJia sopojieBCKott bpobh; fjonhy tfh BatfaeHiewb 
^paHiiydCKHX'b npHJH^t, x^xaBmHirB hs'E nea «cyKac6poAH7io x^ 
"lOHBy*, opETHHajiLHyio H xypHO BOcmrraHHyH), roHAJia Jionnifiiet Ha 
csaHBaxi, BHcraBjfljia ea noBasrs Ha Tponyapaxi vb ji^fmnmBue 
XHH CBOH tpflSHue ijxRn H CTOiiTaBHEix 66i:HHBH, E HCRaia Mysa 
cb cM^jiofi y.m6Bofi onuiHofl seHn^HHu. Jla-PyBerB pascaasarB, 
^To ona npiixaaa na 6ajrb Kb mesajiBe PycBOHV, HraiEHHCBOMy 
nocjaHHHBy, bib RocnoMt JI,iaHii, T.-e. nxraNi 6en Rocnoua, h cra- 
pHiTb xe-IIyrapexB, csBcmjm6wBu1k cenaiop^, ^yrBHSHJio ne Hpe«- 
jioxsijvb efi Torqacrb se cboh) pyxy h cepwe. Bo Bpeicfl aroro paa* 
cxasa ffinyrwni norjiflx^BaiH na BpacaBHiQr KiopHHxy, Boropaa, 
BonpeBH cyn^ecTByianpurb npaBHjaHi, paaciiaTpHBajia ^x&aovb na- 

— Htn, H*rB,— HOBTOpHH'b KaHB, — HHBorxa PyroHB ne tfjb- 
jaeFB TaBOtt rjiynocni!.. Oh'b roBopnrB^ ^0 ona owhb yicBa h B7& 
myTByaoBerBee « mademoiselle Machiavel*. Ofla satfaBJiaeTTb ero, — 
BOTB H Bce. 

— HyjBXH h4tb, — saBJiiD^HjrB BesysffB: — PyroKB HanpacHo 
He aceHHTca... ^^o npHxaen qeaoB^By n^cb vb o6n^ecTBi&. 

TyrB wkr Tpoe hphhhjihcb pascysxaTB tomi^ BaBy» seHy 
Haxo^Ho Pyroay: uojkeajjo seHO^Hy, HHsaBTB ne MOiMce TpHXi](aTH- 
HflTH ji^TB, 6oraTyK), BOTopaa 611 nocraBHjia ero xom% na oneah 
npHiH^HyK) Hory. 

Mesxy 'i^M'B myiTB Bospocraji. CotiedbxHHBH chjbho yBJeK^- 
jHCB CBa6pe8HUMH aHeBAOxaHH, H He BaM^HajH 6ojihmej it6 npo- 
hcxoah^o BOKpyrB hhx'b. Bxa^H, vb soppExopaxi, cjHmajHCB ro- 
joca npncfaBOBib, BpH^asmexi: «rocnoAa! sac^AftHie HaHHHaeica!» 
n xenyxaTu bxoxhjh co bc^xi croponi^ b^ XBepn hsi i^tjiBHaro 
Bpacnaro xepeBa. 3aja, 6EiBmafl xo xoro ho^h nycrofi, nanojUH- 
j[acB Ma^o-no-Majiy. MajienBaifl rpynnii neperoBapHBajiHCB cb csy* 
naiOH^HMi BHxoMx CI oxHofi csaiiefiBH Ha Kpjvyjo; coHHUe xeny- 
Taxu, noxaBjuBmie stBOiy, saxepUHCB vb npexjuiHyBneS BOJvb, 
H nosHMajH pyBH nanpaBO h narbBa PascasHBafiCB no cbohitb 
HicraiTB, nanpaBO h naji'^BOy xenyraxu yjui6a;iHCB oxHOoSpasnoft 
yjratfBOlt. Ohb BasajracB ^jiesMa oxHoit oeiiBH, paBHO npoHHSHy- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nxn pyron. 95 

hdih ^TfBerBoirB MfM^h, Koroput npmiuiii cioxa hchoahhtb. OxitHi 
nuicmrB, aa nocrtxwtt csaifeiici cj^na, ycHyBiniit o^esB Bpinno, 
<ten pu6y2Bei& oocixon^? b roiw tote fRasajnt eiiy he yxo nil- 
oojuo C30R&, DOCirliiHJrB spOTeperii rjiaBa h npffHflXB npHJHtHyio 
ooty- 3ac&xMie, saHHMftBmeecfl ao tofo BOopocsMH spattne eRyi- 
mnoi jufl 8THK% rocnoffii, Bxpyn nojiy^vjio isnoft vtrrepeirB. 

T'bcHHMHe Touofty Kmtb h ero Asa cotipara ((escosHarojbHo 
ychncb he cbok) CBaiibio. On npoAOJiauLiH (tojrraTB, noffasjifla 
oAn^ JEa-PyBerL pascsasBiaajTB HOByio Hcrropifo npo spacaBHi^ 
Sjopifliy. ES npHiiuia oxvas^H vb voAOuy HsyMnrejiBHafl ^aHrasis: 
oSBoyrb CBOK) MKHaiy ^epnott xpannpoBBoS, yci^HHOit oepe6pH- 

CtBlI <$J6CTRai[H H IipHHHliaTb CBOBTB SHaBOMHTB Wb UOCKJOij nO* 

qnnoi vepHum ox^johi, wn-uo^b Boroparo bhah^jioi tojibbo 
lonne^ ea Boea. 

Kam ycasBBajicji yse na xicro, sasi Bxpyr-B onoMHSJCfl: 

«dTOTB Jla-PyBerB ctb cbohmh ciueTHHHH Taaofi tf^Bani! IIo 
6ro MKJOCiii fl ]ipo96Baji'B PyroHa!» 

H, ofiepHyBBHCb btb coctxy, okb npH6aBHXb cb cepABnorb be- 
ma: 

— Kasercfly Besy^Hi, bbi mofja (!h* npexynpexHTB MeHfl! 

PyroH^, BBeAeHHHfi bb sajiy cb o6ii<imirB i^qieMOHiaioirB, yse 
oqrkiib Mes^y AByvfl rocyAapcTB6HHHMH oovlTHHBaMH, Ha CBaifbi 
opaBHTeJbCTBeHHfiixi BOEMHCcapoBi^ nocraBJeHHoM BHHsy 6H>po. niH- 
poBu iLie^H ero c^ tpyAOirb, BasajiEoeb, BjrtaiE fb MyH^Hpi^ E9b 
aeieaaro eyBHE, Bunurraro aojoroirb ea ^opoTHEvb h he o6mjia* 
rai% pyBEBOFb. JIei^o ero ^luo o6paii^eHO kb saii, rycrse cixHe 
Bojodi o6paifiUijiH ^erupexyrojbHufi Ao&by a oasa (Sujih nocroEHHO 
otuyonynieBii. EoJbmoli hocb, mecectue ry6H, npoAOirOBaTHE 

i^»fl, HE BOT^iULl He BEXSO tfiLIO HE OAHO& MOpoprHH, HeC^COTpE 

BE ero copoKb-mecTb ji^tb, Auinft*3E cypoBoS npocrorofi, no Bpeiie- 
Ban» ocB&n^meflCfl Bpacorolt chju. Ohi enfjbjvb Henoj(BE»Ho, 
yiBHyffb noxdopoAOKB Kb bopothhkb MyH^EpE, noBEAEMOMy, ne 
aaribiaE ffiOBoro, cb paBHOJormHuirB h Heimoro ycrajiiiirB beaoitb. 
— y Hero ceTOAEE o6Huoe Bbipasenie JiEqa, — npotfopEOtan 



Ha CBaifBEXB xenyrBTU naBJiOBEjnicB Bnepe^B, mo6u BBriEHyrb, 
BSBoe HEerpoeHie y Pyrona. PasjiH^HHE sairb^aHifl HepexaBajTECB 
jva yxo. Ho nosBJieHie Pyrona npoESBejio oto(SeHHO CEJOHoe Bne^a- 
wh TpEtfyHEX'B. IIIap6oHHejni, mo6iii noBaeaiB, wto ohe lyrB, 
CBOfl BoeuH^HEbiE posE, pHCByfl yHECTb. M*me Rop- 
peps* lEXO onaQUflJECB e BUHyja hocoboS naaTovB, eotopbimi 
EExaia, HOffb HpexEoroirb, bio hoahocetb ero bi ry^airB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



96 Mcnm ntoiH. 

noxKOBHineB ^SMiesswh BHnpaicEJicfly a xopomeHBRaa m*me By- 
majKB, nocninrao nepeciBmafl Ha nq)exHH)io CRaiiettKy) wsdbwb sa* 
nHxajiacB h saBiidHBaia xewm nuuiiuni, m eas^ rticB sekb x'dcBopatA 
CHx&TB csa^H Hefl, MOJi^ajiHBuft H xas'B 6yxio pasxociuoBaHHsift. 
^To sacaeicfl RpacaBsipi RjopHHXii, to ona He crbcauBCb. Bqxa, 
HTO PyroH'L H6 HOAHHKaerB rjiaffB^ ona otohb aBCTB^HO nociy^aja 
6HHoueirB o MpaMopi rojohhii, kb ROiopoS npHCJioHuacB, s ran 
saicb owh Bce^raRH ne TAagkrh na nee, cicaBaia xaiepH ctoib rpono, 
qro Bcx sajui ycjiimajia: 

— Owbj XOJSHO 6£ITL, XyeiCfl, XHipHS TOlCtfllTbl 

AenyraTs orjuiHyjniCB cb jxEi6jb9A. PyroKB pj^mnica BBrjUHyrE 
na BpacaBHiQr Rjlophhjqt. H rb to Bpeiifl, BasB okb Cflbihib eft 
exBa saM^^THtifi SHasi rojiOBOfi, ona, TopsecTByion^afl, sauonaja 
vb MMpma H, cMfbach^ onpoBSHyjiacB nasax^b, rpoMso pasroB^MiBafl 
ch MaTepBD H HH Majio He sadoiflCB q6o wkph ararB rocnoffix^, 
pasdcaTpHBaBrnKCB ee. 

PyroHx Me^ieHHo, npeasxe ^%m% onycTHTB rjiasa, o($BexB mn 
TpH6yHU E q)a8y yBHx^ m-me EyoiapB, nojnoBHHsa 2Bto6eji9Hay 
m-me KoppSpB h IIIaptfoHHejieft. Jlmsfl ero ocrajiocB niiinirB. Obi 
CHOBa yrBHyjKB noxtiopoAOBi kb bopothhrb MynxHpa h noiysaspEurB 
rju»a, HOxaBjiflfl lencyK) sftBory. 

— Ji Hofi^ HoroBopio CB HHiTB, — monHyi'B RaffB Ha yxo 
BeaKyBHy. 

Ho KB TO BpeMfl, Basi OHB BciaBajTB, npesHxeonrB, tojibbo*hto 
OBOH^HBmifi noB^pxy, bc^ jut x^nyTaTii na iri^cmx'B^ BHepiwecKH 
hobbohhjtb fb KoiOROiBHHKB — H BHesaHHo Boi^apHiocB rjiy6oKoe tfea- 
MOjraie. 

B^oaypuft rocnoxHHi Bcraii na nepBoS csaxBiy CRaMB*]^ hstb 
seiraro MpaMopa, co ctojehboitb h9b (t^aro xpaifopa. Owl xep- 
san FB pyB^ 6oAmyH) Cynary h npod&rajTB ee riasaiiH, Hom 
roBopHXB: 

— <& mrbio ^ecTBy — na^^jGUTB ohi H^By^nnrB rojiocoiTB, — 
BHOCTH ffijoBKb BaBOHonpoesiiy oTspiiBaioo^eirB apexHTB rocy- 
xapcTBeHHOHy MEHHcrepcTBy na cymiy 400,000 ^^paHsoRB, na 
pacxoffi no o^pii^y apenieHui HMnepaTOjiCBaro npHHi^a. 

Oh% cx^jiajTB bh;^, mio roroBHTCi nojioauTB penopn, ho bc£ 
xenyraTH saBpH^ajni rb oxhkb rojioc%: 

— ^taraTB! ^rraTB! 

PenoprepB noxosxan, rto6u npesHxeHTB ptnnurBy ^rro ^Re- 
nte xoisHO cocToaTBCfl. H Ha^ajfB hoith pacrporaHHHifii roiocairb: 

— FocHoxa! 3aBOHonpoeBrB, npexcTaBieHHiitt nairB, oxhkb as^ 
TftxB, RB BHxy BOiopHXB otfiraafl npoi^exypft roJiocoBaHui aasercJi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Mei^lIHTeSHOft, DOTOHy TTO SaX^pSHBaeTB O^QOneBJieHHHfi 

mpun saBOHOxaiejibHaro Kopnyca. 

— O^mh xopomo! — npoHBHecjo Htocomco fojocobx. 

— Bb canHxi cspoMHHxi ceMMxi,— npoAOJiauLTb penoprefKB, 
nox^p^NCBBafl sasAoe eaoBo, — posAeme ciiHa-nepBeHi^i 6uBaerB 
iipexifeTO]i% lasot cjaxsofi paAOCTH, hto Bcfi npomeAinui HcmiraHifl 
safiBBanicfl, h ojueut Ha^esAa BHraenb HajTB R0jni6ej[kH) HOBopos- 
lesBMn. Ho ^t6 csasaTB o6h ^rtowb ceicefiHoirB npasAHHsi, sorxa 
on luaeicfl BMtoi ci T^iirB Trpazj^uBSOirh xu BejoiEofi Ha^iH h 
(sthmen espoiieftcsHirb! 

Tjn paspaBHjcji Bceo6iqift Bocropn. dro pHTopH^ecsoe spacHO- 
pMe nojosHJio bi jockl bcio najiaiy. PyroH^, Boxopiift to^ho 
caan, Bij^kjrb nq)ex:L eo6ofi toabo yjutfaioiipflCfl Jin^a. MHorie xe- 
nyiam npeyBeJiirareajiH snaBH CBoero BHHHaHm h noAHOCHJH pyBH 
n ymam, ^rro6n He npopoHHTB hh eAHHaro otOBe^sa 9toS Aparo- 
i^mot npoBD. PenopiepB, nocii spaxBoS najrsii, bosbhchji 
huock: 

— Bi» HacTOfliiQrx) nHHyry, rocnoxa, BojEBaa ^paniQrseBafl 
oenui, Bi» canom js^brhj nparjiamaerB bc^x'b cbohx'b ^jLenovb but 
ptssn CMMO paxociB; h KaBaa nHnraocTB norpetfoBajiacB 6uy ecjHtfii 
6hio bobmosho, wio6u BwbmmsL npoflBjenui cootb^tctbob&se rpo- 
MtiXHoesr ea saBOHHHX'L naxesx^ 

Bern nayaa. 

— (heHL xopomo! Oiohb xopomol— saBpHHajnt li se rojioca. 

— ToHBO CBasaHo, — sairifentrB Eani: — ne iipaB^a jh, Be- 
xysn? 

EesyBm pacBa^Bai'B roioBofl, ycrpeifHBi rjasa vh JODcrpy. 
On ittTjaawuca. 

Ba TpM^yHaxi y IIIaptfoHHeiefi cjiesu HaBepnyjiHCB Ha rjasaxB; 
mrme Ropp^yh sopHSJia BHEMaieaBHyH) j^HsioHOHix) npBJiHHHott 
mas; noiBOBHHKB OAO^pHTeuHo BHBajii roJOBoft, MesjQr rbinh 
on xoiK>iaeHi>]uui m-me Eymapi CH^^a ho^th na box6hjix'b y 
Jt^CB^MdLiflt a spacaBHqa KiopnHAa cb (^noBJieirb bi pysax'B na- 
(SiDxaja sa BiipasBemeirB ssnfl, penoprepa. Mes^y t^mi^ y <$K>po, 
npesiqieHTB, cespeiapH h cftMiie npncraBa cjiymajni TopsecTBeHHO, 
tt DoaBOuafl te&b hh oahofo secia. 

— KaratfeiB HMnepaTopcBaro npHHiJia, — npoAOJUsajTB penop- 
tepr& — HRjuerca oxhuh'^ rapaHiiefi sa 6yAyn](ee, noiOMy ^ro, npo- 
i&ixafl xBHSCTuo, KOTopyio MM Bc6 npoBosrjacHJH, ona otfesneTO- 
nen est diaTococroiiHiey ea cnoKoficiBie h bm^ct^ cl ifbn cno- 

IC&SOtt EBpOHH. 
Toa* 1. — flHBAFB, 1876. 7 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



98 BftCTHIK^ BBPOHH. 

Gjis6ue «T-CB» nouimsaa Bocropiy hsihtbcx nps droit ipara- 

TeJIbHOfi K0Jlu6eJIBH0i EapTHH^. 

— Bi^ ApyryH) anoxjy oTnpBicsi Tot se SHaMeHiroft spoBs 
rose saici-tfyxTO cyjnixB BejiEm cynUiUj bo t6 BpeMji h HEnrlm- 
Hee He nwbion uemjsj co6oft Hnero o6ii^aro. Mxpb ecTB pesyA- 
larB uy^qparo h vsj6owKhicxeBE9jK> i(apcTBOBaHifl, mo^^oirL soio- 
paro MH HacjiasAaeMCfl, noAo6HO tohj^ BaB% remtt BofiHn npoxn- 
TOBajn Ty dinraeci^H) no9My, BOTopas BHpasaei^ nepnyK) n- 
iiepiH). IIpHBiTCTByeicufl npH poasAemn nymEaicH, soTopsui opb dk- 
Bepa jif) H)ra B08B^ii^ai[n o6i ydrbxaxii Hamero opyasifl^ pHMCidl 
sopoA He EM^JTb ^aJBe c^acriH cjysHTB CBoeny orewcTBy; TasoBU 
611JIH Torxa yBasank IIpoBHA'^HiA. 

— ^t6 oto offB roBopHTB TaKoc? OffL, Kaaercfl, saBpaicSy — 
npo^opMOTai'B CEeniHB'b JIa-Pj Kert. — Bee arro m*cxo (JesraKTHo; ofl 

HCnOpXHJI'B CBOH) p^^b. 

Bi caMOM'B j^jAj xenyxaTEi naHEHajiH xpeBOSETBCfl. Rrb ^eiiy 
BTO HCTopH^ecEoe BocnoMaHame^ crScHABinee hxi ycepxie? H^^soio- 
pEie BHCKopRajiHOB. Uo penoprepB; eosHaBai HeoAotipenie, BnsBae- 
Hoe nocji'6;^efi ^pasott, yjiu6Byzca. Ohi HOBucHJi'b rojiocrs h npo- 
AOJisai'B CBOK) aHTHTesy, nox^epKHBafl cjiOBa, ysipeHHEift bte 
ycn^xi: 

— Ho flBHBmncB na cb^tb 6osiB b% oahh'b hb^b t6x% xop* 
secTBeHHux'B AHefi, sorxa pos;(eHie oahofo aojsho c^firaxBCa cna* 
cemeiTB x^fl bc6x%, abta ^paei^iH fb Hacroflmiee Bpenfl BaKB-6£ 
j(aerB naiTB, — paBHo KaKB h 6y;iymHiCB noKOjAmaicB, — npaso aan 
fl yMepeTB y po^Horo o^ara. BorB sajorB 6osecTBeHHaro lauo 
cepxLi! 

3aKJiioHeHie Bsmjio o^apoBaxejiBHo. Bdb xenyTatH nomrjH, i 
ponoTB yxoBOJBCTBifl npodknaj'B no ssjA. YB^peHie vh b^^hohi 
HHpt diiJio vh caMOiTB jijbjA o^eHB npiflTHO. 3te rocnoxa, ycat 
soeHHHe, CHOBa npHHsjiH BocTopseHHHfl nosH nojErTBHecBirx'& f^ 
fejieft, iipHcyTCTByiDiiu[x<!B Ha jiHrepaxypHoft aprui. Ohe mofjkh m 
BBOJEHTB ce&b HetioiKBHiofi o^pix'B. EBpoiia npHHaxJiesaia rx^ roc 
no^HHy. 

— HicnepaToprB) cfffciaBniHCB BjiacreMHOM'B Esponu, — irpt 
AOJsajTB penoprepi ch hobumtb sapOMi: — roroBHics noxnHcai 

TOTTB BeiHBOXymHHfi KHpB, KOTOpfidt, 06:BeXHHflfl npOHBBOAHTejTBHEl 

chjih nai^ii, aBjiflercfl ctojq[bbo se coiobom'b HapoxoBi>, iuutb r jH 
cyxapefi, — Kor^a Bory crajio yroflHo soBecra jo anorefl ero cvmct 
H BMicA cfh rtiTB ero cjiasy. EcrecxBeHHO xyHaTB, ^ro cb sto 
MHHyxH owh yae npeABBX^jTB paxB fijiaroHOJiy^Huxs TOfflVh, rjoij 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asm pyfoffb. 99 

m MOxsL6eJihf r^b noROBrca en^e KJiaWHuen^ npoxoisaTejiB ero Be- 

JOOt BOJBXnB. 

n aia BapTHHa o^eHB MEJia. H Binefi H^rB, Bone^HO, HEvefO 

JOFL. Ho AOBJia^ CTaH(»HJlCfl F&GBOJBBO A^HHefll. MHOHe ^JieHH 

mugrnuBCB, HHue ffise norJAA^^UH ncsoca ha TpHdyHu, 

npaKTHiecBie jidxh, Boxopiurb He coeciM^ npuaiTHO 6£iJ0 no- 

CBOK) noiHTHBy KB Ae8a6HiB6. Apyne BnuH bi sa^QruvH- 

BOCB*, pJUftMIIIILIlfl CBOHX'b A'^jaTB, E CHOBE npHHflJBCB CTyWTB 

KB AepeBO iiKmBTpoBi. A Bi naMflXH hx'b cHyxHO npo* 
6BJaaL sac^AaHJui, dnjaa npeAaBHOCTB, pyBoiuecKaBniafl 
(JEuiarB BiacTHTeum, fiOBOHBnmMCfl bi B0Ju6ejH. J[a-PyBeTi» ^uu^do 
•(k^^BBaicfly qioOH noFJiflAfoB na ^acu; Bor^a cxpijiBa noBasaja 
desB ^eTsepTH xpn, y sero Bapsajicfl orqaiHHufi secrB: ohi ono- 
jiiSLTB Ha cBHAame. Eani b Besy^Hi, cha2 Paaomi, He meBejB* 
jhcb; pyBH hxo^ 6mj[b cspen^HH, pjiada MHraiH. A b:b wnaoMa- 
mecsofi Jiosi BpacaBHiiia EjopsHAa, He BunycBaa 6HH0Bjfl e» 
pyn», pasaiaTpHBaja Pyrona, coxpanflBmaro BejBqecTBeHHyfio nosy 
jQieMJUoDiaro tesa. 

OiHEBO penopiepi ne topohricb e qErajTB bi^ co6ciBeHHoe yxo- 
BoncTBie, ABHraa wb xaBrB njieqaEE: 

— npoHHBHCMCfl se 6e8rpaHEHHHMi XOB^pieicB, E nycTB 3a- 
BOHax&rejBHHft Bopoya npEnoMHHrB npa btom^ BejusoM'B h Baas- 
BOHs csj^B/b pOACTBeHHOJi^ npoEcxosAGHiE ero ci> EMoepaTopoMi, 
mopoe A^^TB eiry no^rrH ceiieflHoe npaBO, 6oA'be h^itb bc^itb 
jq^ymrB ynpesAeHiflirBy npncoeAEHirrBCH bb paAOCiH rocyAapa. 
KaxB H oHi) AHTfl CBo6oAHaro sejuiHiE napoAa, saBOHOAaie^]^ 
BHt BopnycB KB BTOrB lacB cxaHOBHTCfl roAOCOMi i(&iOtf naqiB, 
A0JxeHCTByK)n^Hifi saBBETB aBrycT^&meMy HOBoposAeHHOMy ^yBciBO 
MKSM^HHaro yBajieHia^ HeaoBOiedflifofi np^A&HHOCTH h t^ tfesrpa- 
mnHdl js)6My BOTopas A^^aerB ESfB nojETE'iecBHxrB y^sAenifi pe- 
jam}^ o(&i8asH0crE Boropofi 6iarocj[OBj[fleniB. 

JlftjUBMO 6hTB 6j[E8BO BB BOHIQry IBBI BaBl SaTOBOpEJI'B 

oooffliH, penriE H oCflsaHHOCTflXB. — in^)6oHHejE pECBHyjra moiio- 
nepeffKTB cboh Bue^aitjAmsi^ MeisAy t^itb BaBB m-me Eop- 
sarjymaia hocobumi njaiBOH^ letBitt Bamen. M*me By- 
TBXOHBBO nepemja vh vxyCimy TpGrf^yHBi rocyAapcTseHHaro 
H C&Ut pflAplf^ C% 3£H)ieM!B A'3cBopaflj[B. 
AUteTBRejiBHO, penoprepB, nepeM^BacKB tfucipo HHioHaipio ro- 
H nepezoAfl ■» TOpsecTBeHHiro vh ^bmejibjiphiiS tohi, ^Hcrpo 
■po6opifOTai'B: 

592575 '* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



100 Bficnunrb iBPom. 

— Mil BaiTB npeAnraeirs, rocnoxa, npflMO h npocio npnun^ 
saBOHOnpoesTB fl toitb bha%, beb'b okb BHecesb rocyxapcTBeHHmr^ 
coBinroiTL. 

H c&TB cpeAH Bceo6ii](aro rsajna. 

— O^eHB xopomo! o^eHB xopomo!— BpH^ajia bcs sajia. 
noennnajmcB (fpaeo. V. x9*Koif6ej6, He nepeciaBaBinifi ciy- 

maTB cb yjiH6aioiuH]fCfl BHHMameH'B, ^spHSHyji'b fflxe: da adpae- 
cmeyemz uMnepamapz! saTepflBineecfl vb myui. H nojnsoBHBBy So- 
6eidBj CA&iajiH ^yTB He OBa^iH), sa to, mto ohb, ctoi y spaa 
TpH^ynu, TKb npetfuBajTB oahhb^ annjoxBpoBajii cbohmh cfomu 
pyBaifv, BonpeKH npaBHJiairB. BecB BocroprB, RaBHirB 6ujie Bcrpir 
nemi nepBBfl 4^pa8u, npoflBHjicfl cb hoboH oijiofi. Bapo^eHa (hi- 
jra orOirra. Ob oxnoft CBaMBH na xpyiyK) nepexaBajiHCB no6e»mocrBy 
vesxy t£m% naK^ Tojnia xpysefl fipocaiacB vh penoprepy, ^to6h 
BHeprH^ecRH DOsaTB eiiy o^ pyBH. 

noTOM^ cpe^H rsaxra bha^^hjhcb spiKH: 

— Ri iipeHiHMi>l Kb npeniflifB! 

npesHAGHTL, CTOfl y tfiopo, saKB-tfu s^aJi'B BToro Bpnxa. Oh^ 
nosBOHHJTB H cBasa^iB saji'b, craBinett BHesaneo no^THrejBsofi: 

— Focnoxa, 6ojaniHHCTBO uenoBB Tpe6yerB, Hio6n Heiie;(JieHHO 
611J10 npHCxynjeHO ipb npeniflirB. 

— ^a! Aa! — no^^epxHJia bb vozocb bca najiara. 

Ho npeniit He BOcnocjiixoBajo. HenexieHHO npHCiynHni rb 
rojiocoBaHiio. 06ib craiBH saBOHonpoeKra; nyn^eHHUfl na roioca, 
tfiura HeiieAieHHO BcrapoBaHH. Exsa jhhib npesH^^eHTB ycn^BajTB 
X0B0H7HTB qieflie craiBH, bekb bc^ x^nyraTii BcnuE JcasB oxutb 
^ejrOB^Bib, cjiobho BocroprB noA($pac£iBa;rB hxb BBepxB. KpexHTB larh 
^eTBipecra-TiiCfl^'B ^panKOBB 6ujn> BOTHpOBani tfojiBniHHCTBOirB jffijx- 

COTB-rpHAI^aTH-XeBflTH rOJIOCOBl. 

— BoTB «HBO o6pa6oTajiH, — csasajB naHBHO BesysKB h paa- 
cwbsLzcsiy BootfpasHBB, HTO CRasajB H^HTO BecBua ocrpoyMHoe. 

— y«e ipH naca, a yxspaK), — npotfopHoraxB Jla-PyKerB, 
npoxoxfl KHHO Rana. 

3ajia nycT&ia. ^enyraTU noTEXOEBsy npotinpajracB bb XBepsm 
H HcnesajiH cjiobho cbbobb crtHE[. IIo nopaxKy a^b hoduh sasoHo- 
npoeBTu iiicTHaro HHTepeca. BcKOpt na CKaMBJixB ocraBaancB oxhh 
TOJiBRo ycep^Hue ^aenu, y soTopuxB ne 61110 HHsaBoro xiaa bx 
TOTB ffiEh] STO H8B HHXB CHOBa saApeifajiB; KTO saHucfl 6oxroBHeil| 
H sacixanie oboh^hjiocb, BaRB h na^ajiocB, cpexH MBpsaro paBHo- 
xyjnifl. Jl^ase myiiB yierca icajio-no-Majiyy (uobho sasoHOxaTenHiift 
jsopnycB saxpeMaaB bb yrojiay H^icoro napnaca. 

— IIocjymaflTe, BeiyanB, — cKasajiB EanB,— nocrapaflrecB bh- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8XIHI pyroffB. 101 

sMm ^no-WB&fjsf^ y ^aiecTaea. Owb irpwrndJCh Cb PyroHoirB, owb 

flUMBWb SHarb, JMJSh CTOHTB JSJkjlO. 

— 9re! bh npaBti, wo Jl^eiecTaHi,— npotfopMOiajii BesydH'S) 
nriflXEiBafl na rocyAapcTBeHoaro coBi^THHsa, CHAtaniaro no npaeyH) 
pyiy on Pyrona.— ^ ux'b nnRorxa ne ysnaH) bb hxi ^^pai^RHX'b 
lyHviparB. 

— fl He yfi;^y, ne bsjobebi Hamero Bejirearo HejaEOBisa, — 
npifiaBHjrb Eanx.— M£i aojishs yanaTB bb hom'b a^jo. 

npesHAeHTL npexjaraii na 6aiLiOTBpoBBy 6e3S0He?Hu8 pax^ 
wnmflpoeKTOBB, coropue dajuoTHpoBajmcB ctoa h chaa. Jt^enyxaTEi 
BBEHaxbHO BcraBajH, CHOBa caAHJuicB, He nepecraBaa paaroBapH- 
Bn, /cULe He nepecraBas cnaTB; csyKa i^apHJia mKaa^ mso Aftse 
HkxoJBso s^BaiTB Ha TpH^ynaxi ymjiH. Oahh ApysBfl Pyrona ocia- 
njurcB. Ohh eme HaA^aJHCB, ^to ohb 6yAerB roBopaTB. 

Bxpyi^B OAHHi AenyraTB, cb npHJHsaHHHMH, xaicB y npoBHH- 
ipaiBHETo HOB^peHHaro, 6aBeH$apAaicH, BCTajn>. 3to cpasy npiocra- 

lOlfflJO MOHOTOHHUlt XOA^ 6ajJ[OTliipOBaJIBHOfi MamHHU. GsjiBHoe 

isjrKieHie sacraBnjio Bcbx% BcrpeneHyTBca. 

— FocnoAa, — nponsHeci AenyxarB, croa y CBoelt csaicBn: — a 
Bpomy HOSBOjeHia o6i>fleHHTB mothbh, BacraBHBinie MeHfl nporsBB 
xejama OTAi^jHTBca otb tfo.iBmHHCTBa KOMimcciH. 

FojioeB 6aji*B raKofi ptdsifl, xaROtt CMtmHoS, ^lo KpacaBHi^a 
KiopHHAa saoyHiEjaEa pyRaifH cwbx'b. Ho nesAy AenyraiaMH yAHB- 
lene Bce Bospocrajio. ?to-s'b aio xasoe? ^eirB ohb fobophtb? 
H BOTE, pascnpaniEBaa Apyr^ xpyrft^ ysnajH HaROHei];^, ^rro npesH* 
Aesn nycTHJTB na o5cysAeHie saicoHonpoeRTB, pa3p'6maH)I^iS A^nap- 
laiieBTy bocto^hbitb nHpeHelt CA'i^jiaTb saeicB fb AB^CTH-naTBAecarB 
TBGiTB 4>I>&HK0FB Ha HOCTpofiRy sAania cyAa bb IlepnHHBaHi. Opa- 
wpkj renepaAHufi coBtTHHR'B AenapTaMenra, rofiopHJi'B npoTHBi 
3iiOHOiipoeRTa. 3x0 noRasaiocB HHrepecHfiiirB. Jl^enyraTti npnoiyina* 



HesAy TiiTL AenyrarB cb npHjnsaHHHMH 6aReHaMH fobophjtb ch 
ocToposHOCTBH). $pa8H ero 6ujra nojtnu HeAOMoaaoRfB h 
on pacRjaHBBaica bi hhx'b co BceB03M0SHUMH BJiaciaifH. Ho na- 
wn, Tflroiiioni^ie na A^n&praMeHT^, o^ohb Be^eRH, h okb nafipocajTB 
■QiBjK> KaprfHHy j^HHaficoBaro nojosenifl AenapraiceHTa BOCTo^HurB 
DipeHeS. &B TOMy se, HaAotiHOciB fb hobomi SAaniH a^ cyAa 
eicy HeAORasaHHOfl. Owh roBopHXB xaRHitB ofipasoiTB cb 
uca. EorAa ohb ct^x, to Rasaica o^ohb B3B0JiH0BaH- 
^ PyroHB, noAHaBmiJI-6£Lio b^rh, MeAJieHHO onycrnJTB vtb. 
Torxa BacrynHJia o^epeAB penopxepa^ MaieHBRaro, o^eHB acBBora 
mrovfeiBa, ROTopsl aaroBopHA, or^eaaBHaaa aaiRAoe cjiobo, saR'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



102 ^wnaan^ iBPonH. 

^ejiovbvby jBipeHHuft m ycn^x^. Cea^aja owh omycnuii romhjv- 
MeHTB cBoeMy no^TeHHOMy co6paTy, cb KOtopmrB, vb cosaiiurix), 
pacxoxH^cfl BO MH^HJH. Ho ffinsLpsBneBTh BOCTO^HSix'b IlHpeHeft 
XueRO He TaiTB orflron^evL najforaMH, sairB aro roBopsrB; h owl 
Ha6pocaji'B vb hhuxi i^^paxi BapmHy ^^imaHCOBaro nojiosemfl 
xenapraMeHTa. Ki Tony »e, HejiBsa orpHi^tTB Heo6xo;(EMoerH btl HCh 
BOifB BxamH A^fl cyAa. H nycTHjcfl fb nQApo^HOcnr. CTapoe BxaHie 
noM^n^aercfl bi xaBOirB jio^^oitb RBaprajri, hto yjiH^HHft myvB 
sarjiymaerB p6hh axBOBaTOBi^. E'b xoiry se, oho cjurniKoirB t^ho: h 
Kor^^a CBHA^^reieft 6uBaeTB MHoro fb yrojiOBHHx^ npoueocaxi, to 
viTB npHXOAHTCfl s^aTB Ha Hion^aABfb a^CTHHi](ii, a 9to noxsepraerB 
BrB onacHuiTB cotbasnairB. PenopTepB ckrhj BasjuQ^sFB neorpasH- 
mnrB apryiieHTOM'B, qro cairB mhhhctpb K>CTHiqH bsaxb ho^hkb b^ 
aroiTB jijbjfb. 

PyroHi He meBejHJCfl, cspecraFB pysn na BOJi^Hax^y a aa- 
TUXBOWh ynepnnrcB fb CRaifBH) bfb Bpacnaro xepeBa. Ob to! 
MBHym, KaB^ nanajiHCB npeHk, jmqo ynero coBctirB OHiii&io, a 
craHB BaB^-6Ei en^e (yrsmejs/kji7>. Ho botb, fb ly MHHyry, sairB 
nepBHtt opaTopB co($Hpa;icfl ^to-to BOspasHTB, PyroHB Hex^eHHo 

npHHOXHfl^'B CBOe X^HHOe TyjOBHH^e^ He BimpjOfJUUICB BO BBCB 

pocTB^ H npoHsnecB BExawh rojocoirB oxny toaro {^pasy: 

— r. penopreprB u6ujrb npB(SaBHTB, hto mhhhctp'b BsyrpeH- 

EETb X^JTB B XBHBCTp^ ^^IHaHCOFB OXOtipBJDI SaBOHOnpOeBTB. 

H, Tflseio onycTHBHiBCB Ha vbcto^ CHosa hphhbji'b npesmcw 
Doey xp6tfJK)nvtT0 6HBa. Mesxy xiBnyraiaMB npotiisajTB jtendft 
TpeneTB/ OpaTopB cbii^y cb noBJiOHOirB. H saBORB 6ujrh Borepo- 
BaHx. HenHorie ^mmi, ch jB)6oniiTCTBOirB cj^xmniie sa npemflm, 
CBop^BjB paBHOxyniHHfl jHi^a. 

PyroHi roBopHJn! Ob oxHoft TpsdyHH fb xpj^ryB), hojoobehkb 
Xo5eji9HB otfif^HJucfl B3rjiflxoif^ CB ^erott IQaptfoHHejefi; a rn-me 
Roppepi co6pajacB yxoxBiB bfb saju, hoxo^ho Tony, rbbtb yxo* 
XflTB BFB TeaTpa, Borxa repott HBecH npoHBHecB cbod nocjixQH>K> 
TBpaxy. r. x'dcBopafijTB b m-me Bymap^ yse ymjiB. KiopBHx&9 
CTOB onepniHCB na 6apxaTByro painiy, i^apn^ia Haxi> saioft cbo- 

BITB BUCOBBMrB pOCTOlTB B MBXiieHHO XpanHpOBBaBCB FB BpySeBHyK) 

majiEB, o($Boxfl rjasaxB bxojb noay-Kpyra. ^osx^ nepecrajTB bobo-* 
THTB FB nojyRpyrjioe obho, ho He($o ociUBajocB nacMypHuiTB. Hpn 

TyCBJOlTB OCBi^HiB RpaCHOe X^peBO HfOHHTpOFB BBSajIOCB ^epHUK^ 

t6bb cryn^a^iacB bxojb dcrpaxu^ h to.ibbo H^ROiBRa miniiBinrB 
rojOFB x^ByranoFB bsx^bjihcb (H^jeumh miTHaifH fb Hoay^Mpasfi; 
a Ha MpaMopi^ njBHiycoFBy hox^ CMyrHO &kxbBnnan[ ajjeropn^e- 
CBHMB ^BrypaMB, OTB npewxeHTa, eeBpeiapet h npBcraBOB^ bh- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9mXttb ¥¥VOWh. 103 

opoeHHicrB KB Qxny mep^ny, JOTmacb ouyarH, noxo^HBe bh- 
laicBnrB T^Hfliii. Saci^^e yroouo bs 6hctpo HacrynaBinHxi 

— FocnoxH! Aa Tyrs npocro B^joxHeniBca! — npoHseecja Kjio- 
pmxa, BUBQ^ MaxB m TpH^yHH, B CMyTHJia npHcraBOKi, xpe- 
xaanHZB Ha luoa^aAKi, crpaHHOfi iiaHepoit, ch RaBOfi odBepriia 
maa Bospyn 6eApi. 

BHHSy, FB cbHSXlfj HaniH AAMH CrOJIBHyjHCB C:B nOJUCOBHEBOlTB 

So6e»HO]rL h rn-me EoppfiprE. 

— Mu ero SAeifB, — CBasaxB hojibobhhb^ — 6iitb mos6tb, owh 
mtieTb OTCK)Aa... Bo bcabomi CJiy^a^ a AajTB sHaxB Kany h 6e- 
^Hy, ^9cto6h ohh npHnus iceHfl bsb^cthii. 

M-me KoppepB noxomjia kb rpaj^BH^ 6ajiB($H h npoHSHecjia 
oiopieHHincB FOJOCOMi: 

— Atb! 8T0 6uio 6u 6oiBiiiH]rB HecHacxieirB! — He BxaBaacB fb 
I^UBH^ftmui o<$iacHeHifl. 

nojncoBHHKB HOXKAJKB FJiasa Bi He6y. 

— Tasie jmow, Basi^ PyroHB, Heo6xoAiiMH fM crpaHH, — CBa- 
aajs owh nocii MioQ^THaro MOjraamfl. — HiinepaTopB cx^aerB 

H MOJiaHie boboChobbjocb. KjiopHHxa xorija npocynyiB roJOBy 
n aajy «Des Pas perdiis>; ho npHcraFB 6hctpo saxjonnyjirB jqsepB. 
Torxa OHa sepHyaacB b^b iiarepH, iioji^aBmett nox'BiepHofi nyaier- 
Bot, H iipo6opMOTajia: 

— EaBi HecHocHO sa^tb! 

IIpHHlJIE COlffLTU. nOJEBOBHHBIb O&hSBEA'hf HTO SaC^AaHie OBOH- 

^eao. &b caMoicB fibM^y I]Iap6oHHejui nosasajHCB na Bepxy ^cx- 
HHipi. Ohh ocToposHO cnycsaJHCB, jipjn 8a xpyroifB, xepsacB 
aa nepHja. Kor^a ]IIap(k)HHejB yBHx^bx noiBOBHHBa, to saBpn- 
un eiiy: 

— Ohb neicHoro CBaaajii, ho cubho yrepi^ hh^ hocb. 

— Gjiynafl Birhy — oTBi^an hoxeobhhb'b na 3^x0 TOJiecuy, 
BMgia WTh omynucsL noftii nero: — HHane bu 6u ero nocjqrmaiHy 
eay cn&Erh tojbbo pasropaiHTBCfl. 

Mex^QT rticB coJiAarH buctpobjucb bb ab'^ mepenrfl, nesiy 
Bad^XMift H rajjepeefi npedHAeHxcTBa^ BiixoAfln^eft bi ctHn. 
iiOKasaicfl Bopies'B — bi to Bpeiu, sas^B 9Sl6eje 6apa6aHBi. 
Bo TJULBb HUH ffiSi HpHciaBa, OA^THO FB lepHoe, cb miflnofl noA^ 
BBBBoif Ch ujbnao hb mebj co nmarofi na 6oBy. 3aT6M'B mejTB 

qKBBXeHTB, FB COnpOBOSAeHiH AByXl 0^HCb6. 3a HHITB CjAfft' 

cesperapH (bopo h rjaBHufl ceBpexapB npesHxeHTa. IIpaxoAa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



104 BMTHm IBPOnH. 

MEMO KiopHHAEi, npesHAeHTb yjH($Hy2Cfl ei, mcb CB^hmt ^ejm- 
vbB^j HecMorpji sa TopxecTBeHHOcrb ineciBiji. 

— Axi! BH 3A%CBy — nporoBopHii KaH^, iipH(%saBiiiift biid- 
imxarB. 

n xoTfl BX0X1& Bi sajy «Des Pas perdiis> 6Hjrb vb to BpeicE 
Bocnpen^en^ x^a nytfjHEH, ohi BBejrs erB Bcixi lyxa. On ()TBej*& 
HTB KB aiftfpasypy oxHoro bstb 6aiB0H0B^^ BiixoxinunKrB vb cajr^, 

H BasaJICfl B1^ flpOCTH. 

— E onaiB npos^sajTB ero! — Haian ofb.— Ofb ymejTB re- 
peal yiHi^ ByproHB, neauy t^itb saiTB s. creperB ero vh st^jA 
renepaja $ya... Ho 9to nnqero nesHa^HTB, HHBce-rasH ysHaeiTB, 
BB HeiTB f/bio. Si nocjiaxB BesyaHa xoromiTB ^ejiecrana. 

nponuo xo6p£ixi xecflTB MHHyrB vb osMffLmn. ^enyraiH bs- 
xoAHJiH, cb nefipesHuirB bh^oitb, ^epes'B xb^ noprBepu H8% saie- 
Haro cyBHa, MacBEpoBaBmifl xBepn. HHse ocraHaBiHBajHCB, ^To(Sii 
3aB3rpHTB* CHrapy. ^yrie cxoabjihcb MaieHBBHMH rpyanaMB, nosH* 
MajH xpyn Apyry pysH h cm'&ijihcb. M-me Koppepi^ nonua cmot- 
pi&TB Ha rpynny JIaoBOOHa. H bb to Bpeica, savB IIIap(k)HHejnt or- 
BEXHBajiH Hasaxi rojoey, qro^H nojiyime pasrjflxti^ ^aflBy, bo- 
TopyK) tfypsyasHafl ^^Hrasifl sHBonncE^a noM^crnua na paifi oxHoft 
^pecBH, TO^HO 6yxit> oea Bujrerijia hsi saprHHH, RpacaBHi(a Ejo- 
pHHxa, CTOfl nepexB rponaxHott 6poH3060il MHHepBoft, ch jK)(k)iisiT- 
CTBOirs pasrjiflXBLBajia pysH h rpyxB tforEHH-BeiEBaHoiE. Bi aictfpa- 
sypt 6ajiB0Ha, eojbobheb'b Ei/o6ejs9Wb e Easi osEBxeHHO 6ecft- 
XOBajra Bnojirojioca. 

— Ax^! BOTB BesyBH^!— saspE^an noci^xHifi. 

Bdb nox^&Kajni ch jno(5onHTCTBOirB, HairacaHHom na jihi^. 
Be»y8Hi nepeBejii xyx'B. 

— Hy!— cnpocEJE y nero, 

— Hy! OTCiaBEa npEHaia, PyroHx yxoxfln* 

3to Chjtl to^ho yxapit oCyxoMx no raioBfi. HacrynEJo ray- 
6oBoe MOJiHaeie. KiopEHxa, nepBHO BepriBmafl yrozovB CBoefi majoi, 
im6u sasflTB pysE, yBEx^^ Torxa kb rjy6EH£ caxa xopomeEBsyv) 
m-me Bymapi, tbxohbko mexmyH) nox* pyay cb x'dcsopaftieir^ 
orersa cKiroHEBrnflCB Kb ero naeiy. Ohe ynuE paHBme xpyrHxrL, 
E, BocnojiBSOBaBmBCB orneprofl x^epBH), ryjuura Buo&ieHHOfl napoH* 
Boft vb ajjieflxrb, npexHasHaneHEHxib xjui cepBesHiiTB pasmnuemff. 
EjiopEHxa nosBajia hxi pyBoft. 

— Bejrasift lejioBtBi beixoxetb rb oreraBByy — csasajia OHa 
Mojoxofi seHn^EHi, BOTopas yjoifiajiacB. 

M-me BymapB BxpyrB BiinycTEJia pyiqr caoero BaBaxepa h 
BCfl uo6jibKB!kaii nesxy '^^'^ saBi SaffB, cpexE oropwHHoft 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asm ?Yvowh. 105 

fpy^nsM ^yseft PyroHa, nporecroBajTb dHepmecKE, BSAHMaa pysn 
K He6y, HO He naxoAfl ciovl j^s, BEipasema cbohxi lyBCTRb. 



n. 

yrpoiTB, FB «Moniteiir», hoabejiocb HSB^ciie otii OTcraBR^ 
PTTdHa, yxajixBinarocfl on a^Ltb «no npfl^Hnt pascipoeHHaro sffi- 
pQHbt>. OffB npHmejTB nocji^ saBrpasa bi rocyji^apcTBeHHiift co- 
rin, seaaa yse itb Beiepy oihcthtb m^cto a^a CBoero npee- 
imu H, CHAfl nepe;^ rpoMaxHrnrs najHcaHApoBHM:^ (iiopo, b% 
(SomnoirB satfEHeri^, s^acHO&rb cb bojiotoitb, oTBexennoirB x^ npe- 
ssgpmUj OHi onoposHflji'E fln^KH, pas^HpajTb 6yi£arH e pacBjaxuBajii 

BE na^IBH, S0T0pH2 CBflSHBaJTB pOBOBOft TeCeMKOft. 

Ore HOBBOHHirB. BomexB npscraB^, ({paBzitt nysHEHa, aiysEB- 
oil Bh KasajepiE. 

— SasrETe CBi^y,— npBicasajPB Pyronx. 

H Bi TO BpeME, BaBS npEcraFB yxo^EJi, nocraBEB'B na 6H>po 

OPKB mn MajEeEBBEXl nOXCBtqHEBOBX, BpaCOBBBniEXCJl Ha BaifEHi, 

on nosBajTB ero CHOBa: 

— Mepn, nocjiymafire!.. Hebofo se BnycBaflre. CjuiniETe, • 
HiBoro. 

— CjyHiaH); rocnoffEHi npesExeHTB, — OTBi^^an npEcraB^, sa- 
EHpas 6e8#inyMa XBepB. 

PyroffB caa6o yjratfHyjca. Owl noBopnyjica bb ^eiecxany, 
ciojiBnieify na xpyroirB bohi^ soMHaTH, nepe^ saproHOirB, vh 
KRopoiTB owh 3a6oT^iEBo nepe^EpajTB 6yMarE. 

— ^otfpflSB MepjB He HErajTB ceroAHflnmaro nyicepa «Moni- 
teiir», — npo6opMOTajii offB. 

^eieciaHB noBa^ajTB rojiOBOft, ne nafi^iiE, mi6 oiBtTETb. Ynero 
4km mmcHBaa rojiOBa, xota e jHcaB, ho jiHCEHa ero 6EiJia nsi 
'An npex^BpeifeHHiirB jiicehi, Boropua ws^b HpaBEXcE senn^- 
Fojnifi lepen^B, tfesM^pHo yBOJiB^EBaBniifi ero jio(^, npExa* 
^ly Bix^ o^OHB yscHaro ^ejoB^sa. CB^ee jihe^o, rjiaxBO bh- 
(ipnoe H h6cbojibbo mEposoe, nanoMEHajio oxHy ebb rbrh npa- 
■iBHurB E saj^MHEBurB 4>B8iOHOidi, Basui MeTraieiBEde sebo- 

WKBfi JiO(SflTB npEAaBBTB BeJIEKElTB nOJETE^eCRElTB ff&ITeJIJiMX. 

— MepjiB o^eHB BBiTB npeAani, — npoEsnecTB ohb naBOHei^. 
H CHOBa yrsHyjies roiOBofl vb BapioffB, KoiopBfi nepe6EpajrB. 

PyroBi, cMumifl oxansy 6yMarB, saaserB exi na cb^^r^, hotoitb 
tpocvn vh (kuBmyio 6poH80ByK> ^anmy, croEBOiyK) Ha6H)po. Owb 
nixl«B, sasB 0H% ropijE. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



106 BftCTIIBl IBPOEB. 

— JlejecraffB, He Tporaflre hhshexi BsproHORb^ — cnsan 
0H%:-— TaifB ecTB ^iiBj fb Boropnx^ 2 oxhhi Mory xodnbci 

TOJKy. 

IIocji^ BToro 06a npoj^ojiaKEAH MOJi^a cBoe x^o fb Te^enie 
Aotfpnxi noivy^aca. IIoroAa 6BLia npeBpacnafl, cojiHi^e spso CBfi- 
THJio FB TpH 6ojn>misTh ORHa, BuxoABBmHTB Ha Ha6epesHyH>. Oaho 
hb:b BTHxi OKOHB, HOJiyoTi^HToe, nponycsajio jerBifi Bixepon, xo- 
HOCHBDiificfl CTb CeHu H cjiersa BOJHzaBinifi mejBOByH) tfazpoMy 
saHaBicett. CMflTUfl 6yHanr, ({ponieHHHfl na ROBepi, paBJierano 
Ch jerBHMx mejecToiTB. 

— BoTB, norjiflj(HTe-Ba na aro,— npoMOJCBHJTB ^eirecraHi, no- 
xaBafl PyroHy hhcbmo, Boropoe tojbbo-^to %amexB. 

PyroHB npoHHTajTB hhcbmo h cnoBoino saaserB ero nacBivi. 
IIhcbmo 6hjio n^eBOTjiiHBaro CBoficiBa. H ohh hphhajhcb 6oinn, 

OTpUBHCTEUfH j^pasaMH, 6e8npeCTaHHO JMOJOML H CJZ HOCTB BOtBCi 

tfyMare. PyroBTB fijarowpnJTB Jtejecrana sa to, hto totb npHinen 
eiiy noMO^B. drovb «xo6piifi ApyrB* 6ujph exHHCTBeHHinrB ^ejo- 
B^bu>M'B, CI BOToptiiTB owb MOPB choboSho nepeMHTB rpflSHoe 6&iBe, 
HaBonHBmeeoi sa BOceMB jil&vb npe8HA6HTCTBa. Ohb noBHaBOMUCi 
ch Bnwb vh saBOHOAaTejiBHOM'B co6paHiEy VMJb ohh 06a sacixuH 
na OAHoft CBaMB*!^ KPjn uo^jA xpyra. Tani oh*b no^yBCTBOBajTB 
HacTOJin^K) npHBflsaE^HOCTB Kb BpacHBOMy Mys^rHFl, HaxoAfl ero 
oupoBaieiBHO raynsirB, nycTUMrb h HasMeHHuiTB. Ohb roBopsiB 
CB j6^]SfiBEuwb bhaoitb: *dTOTh 6^xoBiifi ^eiecxaHB xMeso nofi* 
fffrb*. n TOJiBajTB ero Bnepe;rB, crapascB njHiBflBaTB vh ce&b ysaia 
6jaroAapHOCTH, ynurasHpyfl ero, saBB Me6ejB, bx BOTopyio obi sa- 
nHpajii Bce, ^ero ne mofb xpaHHXB npn ce6i. 

— BoTB ^Q^paqBe! croibbo tfynarB HasonHJiH, — npo(k)p]fOTan 
PyroHi, OTBpuBaa HOBuft ah^bbi, 6htbom% HafiBmfl 6yMaraMH. 

— BOTB, HHCBMO 0TB SeHHllflHHy — CBasajTB Jl^eiecTaKB, Mirafl. 
PyroHB sByqno pasciri^HJicji. Ero mHpoBaa rpy^B gaBomzaiacB. 

OffB BSflJl HHCBMO, OTH^BHBaflCB. Ho BSJ^JUlEyVb Ha HepBiU CXpOIBE, 

saBpHHai'B: 

— MajieHBBifi A'3cBopatjrB norepajTB bto!.. Botb, Toae xo- 
pomifl TpflDHTOH, 9TH 6yMasoHBH! Tpexi crpoveBrB otb seHH^ntf 
AOciaso^HO, iTOiiii nory^HTB vi0B6Ba. 

H, cojBHrafl hicbmo, npH6aBHjrB: 

— Snaere, ^ejiecraHx, fiepenrrecB seHH^HHBl 

Ae.iecTaH% hob^chji^b hocb. Owl b^vho HaxoxBJca rb BasHxi- 
BH($yj(B jBencBHX'B TiicRax'B. Bb 1861 TOMj ^yTB 6uJ0 xase He 
CBOMnpoMerripoBaji cBoefi nojHTH^ecBoft BapBepii; ohb o6osan 
Tor^a seny coi^iajiHCTH^ecBaro AenyTara, h ^aa^e Bcero, ^to6u jio- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dXESTb PTTon. 107 

flpaBmcfl Mysy, MiHpoBajrb cb oini03»qieft npoTHHB ELuHceficsaro 
j^pi^a. nodTOMy, BTopoe Aesa6pfl 6iuo ;^ Hero to^ho yxapoirE 
o6yxa do rojioB^. Owb sanepoi na abs ;i(Hfl, pacrepAHHuft, yHEHTO- 
seHHHft, TpicflCB, mo BOPB-BOTB ero apecryHXTb. Pyrony npn- 
1BI0C& BHpyiaiB ero hbx (J^Ah, h oirb nocovlTOBajTB eny ne co- 
ttncs Ha Bu($opn h caesrE hi Euiceltcsitt XBopei^B, r^t BHnpo* 
cm AjU Hero m^cto rocyAapcTBeHnaro coB^THnsa. ^ejieeraHi^ 

fSBk TOprOBI^i BHHOHl B^ EeppH, CuBHlifl npHCflSHElfl HOfitpeHHUft^ 

Bttxliei^ o(5pa8i](OBoft ^pMU 6iws^ CeHTB-MeHer^, 6uji'b mhuio* 

Weph H SLEJlTi, Vh yJlEl^i KoJIHS^, B1^ O^eHB ]l8flII]lH0Ml Aoifi. 

— Ja, (feperaiecb semi^HHi, — hobtophjb Pyroni, ocraHaBjtH- 
Bttci» Ha BasAOMTE cjoBi, HT0611 sarjMHyTL Vh pasjiH^HtiJi A^jia.— ^ 
Ecu seHH^HHa ne B^K^nerh Ban's EopoHH na rojOBy, to nara- 
HerB neuK) na meio... B'b namn roAH, bexhto jh, naxo o6epe- 
rtn cepxi^e Tasrs me TntaieuHO, kbkl h xejyfpvb. 

Bb dry MHHyry 6ojBniofi myiTB nOAHaacs bx nepexHefi. IIo- 
UHnuucfl vojoch Mepifl, aaiii(Hn^aBniaro A^epb. Ho MaieHBsifl ^e- 
josfaieKB Bopaajcfl fb BOMHaTy, roBopa: 

— a xoqy TOJiBKO nosaxB eny pyny, loprB no6epH! 

— A! w>-nya8ii! — BCRpi^ajTB PyroHB, ne BCTaBaa. 

H, iiesAy TfaffB Ban MepjB chjbho pasMaxHBaj'B pyRaMH, vb 
seasB HSBEHenifl, npHxasaji eicy sanepeiB ^BepB. IIoTOifx cno- 
hAho nporoBopnaiB: 

— A noJiarai^B, uo bh HaxoxirrecB vh BpeccH>Hpi... Sna- 
nn, HO^npe^KTypy 6poc$Myrh noA^ac^B saiTB crapyio jio($obhhiq^. 

JijK^UjuM^ xyAOfl, CB pucBeft MqiAO'fBofi, cb o^chb 6^jaaay 
BO HcpoBHHMH syfkucH^ cieFBa nosasi nje^ufE. 

— & npitfun ceroxHfl bb Ilt^uiiB no A^iiaHi, h pasc^HTii'- 
BtA TOJBBO BeqepoMX HotfuBaTB y Ba» Vh jjmn^ Map6e^. S. 
co((Hpaici OTofiixftTB y BacB... Ho Korna a npo^raraxB «Monitear»... 

H, npffABHHyBTB Bpecio kb tffopo, owh ye&icfl HanpoTHBx Pyrona. 

— Chuunre, ^ Bce aro sna^iHTB? S. npiizaj'B vn npoBiH- 
qpL.. IIpaBxa, AO xenji aoxoakjih Boe-saKie cayxn. Ho s h ne 
BDAOsp^BairB... Hoieny bh msA ne BanncajH? 

PyroHB BB CBOH) owpeAB nosajTB njenaiiH. Eiuo acho, mo 
jpo-Oyaaa vh ^poBHH^iE yaeaii o&h ero HeMEiocni h npHcsa- 
laa'B, mo6u novisKkthj nejaaa jn yjsfimnhCB xotb sa cojuoMEHBy. 
Ohb noAHflJTB CBOH FycTUfl p^ni^ii, sopBO HOrJflA^^ B& B^^ > 
dttan: 

— J9[ XOT&TB ceroAHE Benepon nscaTB Bam... HoAasaitie rb 
(RcmBy, MoA xHJUifi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



108 BWtUJL'b SBPOHH. 

Mh£ duo TOJEBBO H HySKHO 6UJI0 dHETB; SL UOJifiM% VB 

OTCiaBKy, — OTBi^MrB ;(K)-nya8a npocTO. 

Oh% BcrajTB H HaiajTb hto-to nocBHcrnBaTB. IIporyjEBasCB He- 
(JojBniHMH maraMH, ohi yBEx^JTB JIjejiecraHa ea soj^saxi, na ko- 
Bpi^ cpexH A^Jiaro crojinoTBopeHiH BapioHOFB, h MOj^a noxomen 
noautTB eny pysy. IIoTOirb Bimyji hsi BapvaHa cnrapy, BOiopyi) 
saserB na cb^^^. 

— EypETB uoxEOy TaiTB saBi HH nepe^^ssaeiTB na noByi) 
BBapTHpy, — nporoBopnat ohi, ceoBa ycasBBaacfc vh Kpecio. — A Be- 
cejo 8T0 — nepe^^ssaTE ea noByio BBapmpy! 

PyroHi yrjy^HJicfl vb BHny 6yMarL, soropKfl nepe^HTiiBajTB 
CB rjiytfoBHiTB BHHMaHieiTB. Ohi crapaxexBHO coprHpoB&rB hzb, 
csHraa oah^, OTSjiaAHBaa bi> cropony jkpjrisL. JI^K>-nya8a, saBHBjBi 
HaBax^ rojOBy, nycBajrB tohbui crpyfisH A^ica, uiffi sa ero pa- 
(OTOfi. OhH nOSHaROMHIHCB sa fliCBCOBBO ufhc^Jifivb AO ^BpaiB- 
CBOfi peeojuoi^iH. 06a shje Tor^a y m-me MeJiaHH Ropp6pB, vb 
are^fB BaHH6, yjim^a BaHH6. ^H^IIyada xbji% tbitb fb sa^ecrBb 
seioflBa; ofb, TaRse KaRi h m-me Ropp'^pB, poxHJCfl b^ RyjiaHxi, 
MajfeHBROiTB ropoAR^ ORpyra Hiopi. Onen'b ero, cyxe^HHS npa- 
craBi, oinpaBHAi ero Hsy^aTB npaso vh Hapiis'B, Ry^a npHCH- 
jajTB eiiy ero ^^paHROBi wb vfhaLTs;h^ xota h HasHjrB RpyrjeeBsoe 
cocTOflme poeroBn^HiecTBOirB. H 6oraTCTBO ciapBRa 6ujlo xaRB ne- 
o6i>flCHHMO, HTO ero o6bhhhjih jijBLTBB B^ ToiTB, HTO owh HamejTB Riaxi 
m> crapoiTB mRa^y, onacaHHOirB hicb y HescnpaBHaro AOJisHHsa. 
Bx nepBETfl BpeiieHa 6oHanapTHcrcROtt nponaraHAsi, PyroHi yiHiH- 
SHJHpoBaji'B 9Toro xyxoro Maiaro, cb apocTBio npo'l^xaBinaro cboh 
CIO j^paHROBi vb M^i^ H yjm($aBmarocfl 6^AOBoi, yjiH^Roft; ohi 
yucTBOBajiK sa-oxHO bi caicEixx n^eBOTJiHBux'B onepai^iflxi. IIosa- 
H^e, sorxa PyroHi noseiaxB BcrynHTB bi saBOflOxaTeJiBHoe co(Spa- 
Hie, Alo-nyasa nopy^eeo 6uzo bsatb cb 6ofl ero Hstfpame vb x^ 
napraMeHT^ ^Byx^B-CeBpoRB. darbwby nocjA rocyxapcTBeHHaro nepe- 
Bopcrra, PyroffB vb cboh) oiepejB nopa6oTajrB w« jro-IIyaaa h fft- 
tfBJicfl HasHaqeHia ero noxnpe^RTOirB rb 6peccH)Hp'B. Mojioxoicy 
^ejiOB^Ry, nac^HTUBaBmeify Bcero RaRHX'B-HH^yxB TpHwaTB x§n, 
xor&iocB noRH^HTBCfl na poxnHi, b% h^^csojbrhx'b juJi on on^a, 
CRynocTB KOToparo Tepsaia ero cb caiiaro Buxo^a nsi Rojuesa. 

— A nan& p^-IIyasa RaRi nosHBaerB? — cnpocHjrB PyroHi, He 
noAHHKafl rjias^. 

— CjiHoiRoirB xopomo, — fiessacrin^HBO OTBi^ajii toti. — Oh* 

npoFHai^ CBOH) nocjri^AHDH) cjysaHRy 8a to^ iio osa CB%xaJ& 
TpH ^jmtL xjA6^. TenepB xepsHrB xBa sapflseHHUxx pysBX sa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asiffB pyroffB. 109 

XBepuo, H Bor^a a xosy ob hhits nomijifl,Tbcay to AOJiseHi Becra 
oeperoBopH ^epesi ca;^OByK> criny. 

PasroBftpHBafl, Aio-Hyasa Harayjicfl e phjca naiBqaiiH b% 6pOH- 
30B0i ^amB^, r^i^ aajiuHCB nojiyHcrjiiBiniH tfyMam. PyrosB, sa* 
KimffB ero ManeBpi, nocni^nmo uojifisiJFb rojOBy. Owh Bcer^^a no- 
(Sanaiefl cBoero ($EiBniaro aftiioiaHTa, &kiue h nepoBHiie By6ii bo- 
Toparo HanoMHHajiH sy^H Mojoxoro BOJBa. Ohi Bcero fiojBme sa- 
(kymcfl Bi 6HJoe BpeMfl, Bor^a ohh patforain 8a*oxHO, o toitb, 
^io6h KB ero pyBaxi He ocrasajiocB hh oahoS Majio-MaiBCBH 
omeHOft 6yMarH. IIoaTOMy, bhaa, ^ito ohi nnTaexcfl npo^HxaTB He- 
taABunn ciOBa, tfpocHXB vh tfpoHsoByio ^amBy CBflSBy ropflnpnL'B 
mceM'B. ,2Iiia*nya8a otjih^ho ero hohaj^^ ho yjiH^nyjicfl h no- 
loyTiurB: 

— Mn sanaTii crapBotf. 

H BSflFB napy a^hhbix'b Boxmasiby ynorpetfHjTB hxi Basi 
Bpnn^u. Owb 8aaiHra.ii na cb^b^ nHCBMa, Boropua noryxajH; me- 
BenjEB HCT^r^Bmie oCTamn; vh ^easnA npo6£rajiE apaie ofoebbe h 

CneBSTHft XHMOBTB lieAJieHHO TflHyjCfl Vb OTBpHTOe OBHO. Cfiitt 

mHyraMH BOJuxajiacB, saiiifi rop'^&jia poBHuicB njaiceHeirB. 

— Bama cB^^Ba noxosa na rk bocbobua cb^^h, ^t6 sasn- 
ravTB Ha noxoponax'B, — npoHSHecB jpo-UyaBk, noACM'^HBaacB. — Bon 

XJOnOTJHBHe nOXOpOHH, MOtt (^AHElfl APyr^! CbOJBBO nOBOfiHHBOBB 

opnoABTCfl noxopoHBTB B'B nenjii! 

PyroffB eotinpajcfl oxBitiaTB, Bor^a hobhA myirB hoahucs vh 
uepefj^elk. MepiB ohatb san^Hu^ajTB ^BepB. n xaB^b BaBi myirB Bce 
ycuHBajca, PyroHB cBasai'B: 

— AejieaaHx, tfyxBTO xaBB ffl6yu, ysnafiTe vb ^em fjbjo. 
EcjH He omntfaiDCB, to nairB yrposaen namecTBie. 

^eiecraHBy MOjanaBmiS wb hoci^ahioid nerBeprB laca h cobc^itb 
cxopoHEBmificfl Bi BaproHaxi, BCiajii e ocioposno OTBopnj^ XBepB, 
TonacB se sanepevB ee sa cotfoK). Ho ho^th TOx^acrB npocynyxB 
TOMBjj menna: 

— EaHi npnniejirb. 

— Hy, nycTB boSactb, — aiBiqan PyrooB. — Ho tojbbo oeb 
oxvn, cjiiniRTe? 

H noBBajB Mepjfl, HTo6ii noAXBepAHTB eny CBoe npEBasanie. 

— Dpomy H8BHHHTB, MHJiHfi jqfjrbj — otfpaxHJica OHB KB KaHy, 
lOfxa npHCiaB'B BHinea'B. — Ho a xaBi saeflTB... CaAHiecB bosjA jsjo- 
IlyMa H He ABErafirecB cb iricra; HHa^e a BaoB otfraxi biifohk) 



fifiujwrhj HOBHAHMOMy, hhcbojubo He o6HA^Cfl BTEHi rpy6inrB 
HpieifoirB, 0H% npiBiiKB rb zapasiepy Pyrona. Bssn Bpecjio, ohi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



110 BIBCTHIKl BPOIU. 

dbjn^ Bosjri^ Xio-IIyaBa, saBypHBaBmro Biopyio csrapy. IIoioh 
npoESHecB, nepeBOAfl Ky^'h: 

— Yse craio sapio... 3. (jhjte j bbcb vb yxanjb Map6e^ 
H xyvaj^ saciaTb Bacb AOMa. 

PyroffB HH^ero He OTB^^axB, h HacryiiHJO MO^iaHie. Okb 
]ULi% 6yMani h ($poca;rB hx% fe s<^HHBy, BOTopyro npi^BiHyjn 
Bi oe6i. 

— Mh^ H4A0 neperoBopiTB cb BaMH, — npoxoisajb EaoB. 

— FoBopHTe, roBOpHTe, — OTBi^&i'B Pyroffb. — S. boci ciymaid. 
Ho j^yraTb KaKB*6ii lenepB toabo BaM^THJTB fieenopaxoKb, 

i^apciBOBaBinifi vb BOMHarb. 

— ^TO wo BH ;^4JlaeTe? — cnpocna^ ofb cb otjb^ho passirpaH- 
HuiTB yjp[BjeHieMx.— 6u nepeM^HaeTe Ba^HHen? 

ToHi 6hLjrh xaBofl HCBpeHHifi, ^xo Jt^eieeraffb ca^jhu'b joo^es- 
HOCTB, BCiajn CB id^cia H nox&FB «Moniteiir» BaHy. 

— ArB! BorB MOfi! — saspH^aji btotb nocjri&XHifi, saBi tubbo 
tfpoaurB BsrjflA^ ea raaeiy. — K AyiiaxB*6njio, ^to ;^o yx^B* 
aocB CO B^epamHflro Be^epa. 9to npocro y^api rpoMa!.. Moft m- 
aufi ApyTB... 

Ohi BCiajTB H csaji o($% pysH Pyrona. Totb MOJ^ai'B, riaxa 
na Eana. Ha ero BpyimoM'B jmni jxfA Hacir&mjraBsm cbuxbe 
o6o8Ha^iHJHCB OBOJO ryCTB. H Tasi bekb AB^nyasa npnum cjmm- 
BoiTB paBHOAymHHfi BB^B, TO owh sanoAOspvjB, HTO OHE yse Ba- 
A&iHCB ceroAHfl yrpoHi; rbwb Hoxiej hto Eae^ ne Aoraxaioa yxH- 
BHTBCs, yBH^a noAnpe^^Bxa. O^ekb noixajcB aojisho (Shtb vl to- 
cyAapcxBeHHHtt cob^xb, nes^y ^^^ saKB APy^^ noO^^asan kb 
yiHi^ Map6e^. TasBifB o6pa80irB ohh 6eijh yB^peHii, hto sa- 
XBaxarB ero. 

— Hxasi, BaiTB nyxHO mh^ qro-xo coo6iniHTB? — cnpocHJiib 
Pyrcm'B (tb cnoBOfiHHMi bhaoitb. 

OcxaBHlTB 8T0, Jno6e3HHa XPJThl — BCBpHHaJTB ffiJTyS^Th: 

y BBCB CXOJBBO XJIOIIOTT». Si BOBCe HO S&eZHSO AOBy^aXB BaiTB CBMMI 

BBAopaiiH FB xasotf a^hb. 

— H^xi, He crlcHafiiecB, roBojune. 

— Hy, Bi xaBoiTB cjy^ai, a see o CBoeicB a*^, SHaexe, ofo 
Bxofi npoBJUxoi BOHi^ecciH*.. S. Aase paAB, hto AK>-nya8& ba^^ 
na jamp. Okb KOserB AaxB bbhb HiBoiopiifl CBiA^HiB. 

H npocxpaHHO ssjioauurB, fb bbboitb nojoaaeHiH naxoAHxca ero 
fjbMO. BonpoeB mejTB o seji^^olt Aoport bfb Hiopa fb Ansepi, 
npoeBTB Boxopofi OHB jejbfljTB yse xpn roAa. Cyn^HocxB saBjno^a- 

JUtCB FB XOITB) HXO BTB AOpOFB AOJSHa tfilia HpOXOABTB WpCSl 

£peccK)HprB9 TA^ y neoro 6um dSBOffi^ cxohkoch BOXopiurB jbbbhm' 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dMSffb vnowb. Ill 

woBO Bospocrajia ch xejrtsHoi jippovott; ao rbx.'b nopi nepesoffB 
(km saTpy^^HHTejeei h npexnpiflTie eie-njiejiocB. K'b tomj ace bu- 
nycTL asi^ olHai^aji'E o6EJii>HyK> jobjoo pu6u vh HyrHofi boa^. 
IberoMy Kavb ynorpetfjfla'B HesipoirrHiifl yciuiii, ^to($ii ao^htbca 
vmiecciH; PyroHi dHepni^ecBH noxAepsHBajrB ero, Borxa xe-Mapcs^ 
vnracrpi^ BHyrpeHHHX'B x^i, pascepAflCB, qro ho yiacTByers kb 

1^, BKTOABOCTB KOTOparO ^yBJTh HOCOITB, H CB XPyTOtf CTOpOHB 

seiafl HacoJHTB Pyrony, ynorpe^HJi'B Bce CBoe BjiiflHie, ^To6n sa- 
Top]ii3HTB npoesTb. Oh^b Aaase, ci» Haxajn^ciBOMi, ero xapaBrepHsyiD- 
ipn, npeiXiosHJH ^epesi MHHHcrpa otfn^ecTBeHHux'B pa6orB boh- 
qeccuo XHpesTopy danaxHOfi soMnamH h pacnycBajB cjiyxH, hto 
nmnamfl OAHa Morjia ycn^niHo BtinojHHTb npexnpiflTie^ TpetfoBW- 
me eeph&sBEix'h rapaHrift. Rany npeffcrofljio pasopeme. UaAeme 
PyroHa saBepmaio &bf(y. 

— 8. yBHajii BHepa, — cxasaxB offB, — tto BOMnaHeftcBOMy 
nsenepy oopy^eHO Esy^HTb aoBoe nanpaBJieHie xoporHl.. Cjiumajra 
jm BH o6rb aTOMi, ;qo-IIya84? 

— EasB ae, — or^^ajTB noffipe^^eBTL. — H8aIi;^0BaHifl jii&xe 
yxe na^ajHCB... Xotatb H36'lsaTB BpiaBa, Boropufi 6ujn> y Bacb 
B& naafli, no HanpaBiesiK) na BpecciOHp'B. JiHHifl npoS^eTi npflMO 
Bft naprena h TyapB. 

^enyrarB c^^ajTB seen orqaaHifl. 

— 3ro npocTo roHenie,— nporoBopHJt ohb. — %6 6u ajul HHXt 
voraKio npoBecTH jiHHiE) Mmco Moero saBOAa?.. Ho a 6y;Qr nporecro- 
BftiB, fl Hanniny ifeifyap^ npornBi hxi HanpaBjiemfl. ,9 Bepnycb 
vh BpeccvHpi Biribcii cb BaicH. 

— RiThj He affie Mera, — OTBiiajPB AH>-nya8&, yjra(SaacB.— 
& B^KB Buxoa^ BB OTcraBBy. 

RaffB ynajii fl Bpecjo, BaBi-^ii oBOH^axejiBHO q>aseHHiift 
liocrtxHefl BaTacrpo^ft. Okb lep^ cbok) 6opoAy 0(}iH]iH pyaaMH h 
TMMfibTh Ha Pyrona cb yMOJunon^EBTB bhxohi. 3totb nocu^i^Hift bh- 
mycauh h9b pysB x^a. OnepmECB JOBTflMH na fiiopo, ohi ciiy- 
BttrB. Eiu A^MapcH, HpoHSHeceHHoe h^bojbbo paa^. sasrjio 
mans bb ero dpuxi rjiasaxi. 

— Ba xoTHTe coBira, He npaB;i[a jh? — caasajTB ohb HaBoneii^B 
Tpy6mn roiocoiTB. — Hy, TavB npHBHHBTecB iseprBfiMH, i£OHAo6pHe 
;^8Ba; nocrapafirecB, mro6u jsjkieL ociaBaiHCB vh npesneiTB bha%, 
I jKAHTe, ^ito6h CHja nepenuia na namy cropony... Jip-Uys^ no- 
fnen BfB OTcraBBy, noTOMy ^o ecjuiCu owh caifB ne noAajrB wh 
oicfa BBy , TO HOJQrqHjB 6h ee panbrne ^Byxx neA'feiB. ^xoBacaerca 
nckj Kavhy to HanHnnne HMnepaTopy, noH^mafiTe bo ^to 6h to 
n cmio Hepe^a^ Boni^ecciH sanaxHofi BOMnamH. Bu, Bone^HO, ee 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



112 B^CTHIRI IBPOmi. 

He nojiymey ho, noBa ee HHBOMy He orxajra, ona MoserB nosffifte 
ocraTBCfl 8a BaiiH. 

n MesAy T^wh xasx o6a co6ec6AHHKa saiajni rojioBoft: 

— Bqrh Bce, ^16 a Mory cx&iaTB wh Baci, — orei^ajTB oei 
em,e rpyC^. — «9 CBajnucfl, Aftfixe hh^ Bpeica noxHAibCfl... Passi 
fl nOHicHii hocb? H^pb! ne npanxa jh? Hy, Tani g^afire mh^ 
y^OBOJiBCTBie: ne HSoCpasafiie, teo bu MeHfl npoBOsaeie na ziufr 
ivnifi... fl pa^^y iTO B08BpaniaK)CB jsi> ^acrnofi shshh. HasoHei^ 
MH'6 MOSHO 6yAerB neMHoro orxoxHyiB! 

Ohi> Tflsejo nepeBexb jiyx'B, cjosh^'b pyxH, pacsa^raBaa CBoe 
XiHHHoe vkjio. H EaH% nepecrajTB roBopHTb cBoeirb j^fuA. Qkb 
nocrapajicfl hphhatb na ce62 pasBASHutt bha^. ^-Ilyas^ nuiaicfl 
BusasuBaTB nojHoe caMOotfjaAame; ^ejiecraHB saHAJicH xpynorb 
BaproHOifB; oni, cspuTiitt BpecjiaMn, hpohsboahji'b Tasott mjwby tio 
MHHyTaMH MOSHO 6ujio uojsyMdLTbj TTo &T0 pacmyM'6iacB xoana mh- 
mefl, Hanyn^eHHHXi rb BaproHH. Gojun^e, npotfnpaBmeecfl no spac* 
HOisy BOBpy, saA'J^Bajio 6iopo bohi^om'b fij^AHaro, BOJEorncraro ay^ 

HB BOTOpOMl CB^qa npOAOJISajia rOpiTB COBCi^irB 6Ai}l]aMWb UMr 

MeneMi. 

Mes;[y t^m'b saBflsaicfl HHTHMHiitt pasroBoprB. PyroH^B CHOsa 

npHHflJICfl CBflSUBaXB BEHH KkjUh, yB^pflfl, ^TO HOJIHTHBa — HO &C0 

npHBBaHie. Oh'b yjiu6aj[ca AoCpoAynmo, nesxy ^mi BaBi ero 
B^BH, To^HO ycTajniifl, cBpHBajH HJiaMfl, rop^Binee btb ero rjiaBaxB. 

OhB 6u SeJiajTB BjaX^TB 06niHpHEIMn nOMiCTBflMHy CB nOJSMMy 

BOTopHfl 6u crajL'B BOSA'^JiBiBaTB, BaBi eiiy xo^erca, craAaicH (Sei- 
BOBi, OBei^rB, Ta6yHaME JiomaAefl, Ha^ botophmh 6ufh 6u 6e8- 
ycjiOBHHMi rocnoAHHoii'E. H pascBasuBaiiy ^to vb 6u2oe Bpeiia bx 
njiaccaH-ij Bor^a 6ujii em.e HeBHawTejiBHiiMi npoBHHipaiiBHinrB 
aABOBaioMi, OH'B Bcero 6ojiBine jho^hjh xoahtb wb 63j9b na 0x017 
B^ yn^ejiBa CefijiBB, r;^ crp^JiajrB opjiOB'B. Oh% nasHBajx oetfa My- 
shboitb; A^Kb ero naxajTB seiunD. Maio-no-Maiy ohi craxB npa- 
BHAHBaTBca lejiOB^BOMi pasoiapoBaHHHMib. BjiacTB eMy na^o^^ja. 
Oh'b (5yxeTB npoBo^HTB jvkto vh ^^epeani. HaBorxa en^e ne Tp- 
CTBOBaa'B OHB ce6a laarB jerBO, BaBi cero^Ha yrpoirB, h ch ch- 
aofi pacBa^Hsajn mapoBia njie^H, to^ho c^pacBiaaai* TasecTB. 

— %6 BH nojy^ajiH aasi npesHAenrB? BoceMBxecarB thcatb 
^paHBOBTB? — cnpocHJTB EaHB. 

OhI BHBHyJTB FOlOBOft. 

— y Baci ocTanerca xenepB tojbbo TpHxr^^aTB mcaHTB $paH- 
Kovb eenaTopcBaro sajiOBaHBa. 

?T0 sa 61iflfi>\ Ohb SHBerB cxhmhhboitb; sa hhitb ne boxhich 
HHBaBHxrB nopoBOBB, — H 8T0 6£iJia HpaBxa. Ohb He 6ujrh hh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asBB^b pyroffb. 113 

wrpomowhj bh jiose^acoMi, hh oiSsopofi. OHine^ajirb 6utb xossh- 
mwb vh CBoeiTB aom^i — Bon H Bce. H HesaM^THO CHona nepe- 
merb k'b Meiii o ^epifi, vh Boropott bc6 6hL acHBoxHiifl eny 
lOBBHOBaucB. Ero HAeaji'B: bsatb bi^ pyiu (Sh^'b h KOMaHAO- 
Ban»; 6uTh Buine xpyrHxrb, yicHte, CHJiBH^e. Majo-no-Majiy oni 
asiBHj»^, saroBopHJB o shbotquxi tohho jaojifLTiTy^ yxBeps- 
Xj&xB, TTO Tojna jnofiHTB naiBy, ^xo nacxyxH ynpaBJAHXTB cia- 
wn TOJfBBO. npH noMonpi y^apoBi. Ohi BecB npeo^pasuGfl, ero 
lOKTHfl ry6ii BupasajE npesp'^^me, Bce ero jihi^o ;^£miajio aeep- 
lieL B^ csaxoifb syjiaB^ owh xepxaix Basoe-To x^o, h to^ho 
oXkpajicfl tfpocHTB BiTb Bi TOJiOBy EaHy H AH)-nya3&, KoropmfB 
ouo He no ce6i npii btomi BHesanHOMi* npanaxB^ apocTH. 

— HiinepaTOpi o^eHB xyxo nocryiiHJi, — npotfopMorajTB xh>- 
nyasii. 

Torxa PyroBib ycnoEOHJCfl. JIhi^o ero CHOsa no6yp£jiOy 'Ajlo 
CBOBa crajio Basi'du rpy^H^e. Owh npHHSJca ocunaTB sicnepa- 
lopa npeyBejBqeHHEiMH noxBajiaiiB: bote qaaoB^Bi Mon^naro yica, 
HeBipoflTHoS nposopjiEBOCiE. Jl^nyasa n Eas^ o6h^hjihcb Barjifl- 
M^mh. Ho PyroffB nomeji'B en^e A^Bme, Tojsya o CBoefl npexan- 
BOCtH H rOBopfly iTO Bcerja rop^HJica rfiTB, ^to cjyawirB npo- 
cmcB opyxieMi vh pynax'B HanojieoHa III. Owh bohhhji HaBO- 
Bei^ T^^icB, HTO pascepAHjB AK)-nyad4, — vh cosaj'^Hiio, o^enB bciihjb- 
usaro Maiaro. £1 saBflsajtcs cnopi. Jl^-IIyasa cb ropeiBK) fobo- 
pKEB o6o BceiTB, ^t5 PyroH'B H OHi» gttjiajH ajka HMnepm (tb 
1848 HO 1851 r.^ Bor^a yMnpaiH cb rojLOxa y m-me MejaHH 
SoppSpi. Owh nepexaBaai o crpaniHHX'B ahax'b, fb oco6eHHocTH 
Bi lexeme nepBaro roxa, o t^x'b xhaxi^, sorxa ohh cb yrpa h ao 
Hoa nuenajE no napescBoS rpiisH, Ha6Hpafl npHBepseniiieBB. 
noQXH^f OHB xBBAi^arB pa3i& sepiBOBajH shshbio. PasB'b ne Py- 
lOffB sanflai 2-ro xeBa6pfl 6yp<5oHCBifi j!i(BopeA'B bo oaB^ jBHett- 
Biro nojBa? TyrB b^a^ npEXO^HJiocB pECBOBaTB rojiOBofi. A le- 
BepB ero npanocEjE fb sepiBy xBopi^OBOfl EHxpBr^. Ho PyroffB 
BporecTOBaji; ero BOBce ne npEnecJE b:b jBeprey; owh yjsfiLjauiCSi 
KB jHHHux'B cootfpasenifi. noroMOb, xasB saBi AB>-nya3&, pac- 

XOXBBmHCBy 068UBa.rB TK>JIBepifiCBBX'B OdETaxeJett «CBEHBflME», OHfB 

aciaBEJTB ero saMOi^axB, yxapBBf» Eso-Bcefl ce^ih syjaBOM^ no 
naiECAwxpoBOiiy 6iopo, soropoe daipen^ajo, 

— 9to HaBOHei](B rjiyno! — cBasajn oh-b npocxo. 

— Bu saxoAEie cjiBmBOM'B jifiuieWy — npo6opMOTa2i> Rani. 
Jl^jeiecTaffB, BecB 6jAKBu1ty noAHBJica ch nozj, e noiEXOEBBy ox- 

Bopan ABepBy ixo6bi norjiflX'^xB, ne noxcJiymEBaerB jie bxo b^ ne- 
pexnefi, no ymj^bjo^ xojbbo Biicosifl CEjyerB Mepjfl, soxopuft 

Tom I.— JtaBAPi, 1876. * 8 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



114 BfiGTHIBl BBPOIIH. 

CTOflJB, cBpoMHO noBepHyBiuHCB cnHHOK) Kb jsfiepn. Ojiobr PyroHa 
sacraBHJH ^po-IIyas^ noKpacH^TB, h owl yMOJisi, orpesBJieHHnlt, 
syfl CHrapy cb HeAOBOJKHHirB baaoitb. 

— KoHerao, HMnepaTopi ;typHO OKpyateffb,— npoAOJauu'B Py- 
roffB nocjii MHHyiHaro MOJ^ama. — fl nosBOJHJTB ce&b emy^ 9to 
saif^THTB, — H owh yjiR6Hyjicfl. Ohi Aase yxocroHn nomyrHTB, 
npH6aBHFB, qTo OBpysaH)iiue ueusL jmjsja He Jiyime. 

^lo-nyas^ H EaHi npimysAeHHO sacMtfljiHCB. Ohh Hamie 
myTBy o^eHB MHJiott. 

— Ho, noBTopaio, — npoxojsaji'B PyroffB oco6mrB rojiocoiCB,— a 
yxosy no co6cTBeHHofl oxox^. Ecjh BacB 6yjijrh o6b duowh cnpanm- 

BaiB, TO BUy BaBB MOn APyBBfl, XOdlSHKE yTBepSXaTB, ^TO fl MOrB 

Biepa BSflTB Hasa^B cbok> orcxaBBy... OnpoBeprafixe lasse ciuemH, 
pacnycBaeMUfl na cierB A^ja PoApHrei^a, hstb Boroparo coqjiHHJiH, 
Baseicfl, uihjiui ponaHi. Hf BOHe^Ho, mofb pasofiiHCB fb btoitb x^ji 
CB 6ojBinEHGTBOirB rocyAapcTBeHHaro coB^xa, h, BOHenso, 9to mofio 
BHSBaiB HeyAOBOACTBie, ycBopHBmee moid oxcraBBy. Ho y uqm 
6ujaiL 6ojAe sacxap^jBui h 6o2ie cepiGdEsa npH^HHu. SI x&bho 
nop^niHJi'B ocraBBXB BucoBoe nojoa&eme, soxopuifB 6uurB otfflsaHi 
6jiarocBJiOHHOCxn HMnepaxopa. 

OffB npoHBHeCB 8xy xHpa;^y cb x^jtb atecrOMx npaBOfl pyra, 
BOxopBiMB 8Jioynoxpe6jiflji'B, Bor^a roBopHJTB hb najiaii. 9xh ofk- 
flcneHifl oieBHAHO npeAnasna^ajiHCB j^sl nyfijuiBH. EaHi^ h ff^- 
Hyasi, sHaBinie HacBB03B Pyrona, noiraxajiHCB jobbhmh ^pasaxH 

BUB^AATB y Hero HCrHHy. BeJIHBifi HOJOB^KB, BaBB OHB ^MHjIBflpHO 

BejB^ajiH ero icesAy co6oh), kojub^wb 6ush Becxs BaByio-xo cxpam- 
nyio Hrpy. Ohh CBejm pasroBopi na nojHXHBy Bootfn^e. Pyroei 
noACM']^HBajicfl na^B napjaMeHxcBotf CHcreMoft, Boxopyio HasBiBaxi: 
«HaBosoMB nocpe;^crBeHHOcxH». Hajiaxa, no ero mh^hIh), nojn>80Ba- 
jiacB Hej^HOtt cBo(Soxoft. Bb nefl cjlhhibomb MHoro roBopnini. $paH- 
i^efi cji^AOBajio ynpaaiflXB nocpeACXBOicB xopomo ycxpoeHHofi ica- 
mHHu, HaBepxy Boxopoft cxoajtb 6u. Hirnepaxopib, rocyxapcxBeHHHa 
se yqpesxeHifl h ihhobhbbh — BHHsy HrpajH 621 poA npocrtixi 
BOJecB. Ohb cirlfljcfl, rpy^B ero BdAUMajracB, ohi vl chibhuxi 
BKcpasemflX'B HSJiarajB cbok) CHCxeMy, saBEnaa fipespimeicB jts 
^ypaBani, xpetfoBaBnnnrB cHJBHaro npaBHxejiBcrBa. 

— Ho, — nepefiHii Eani, — ecJH HMnepaxopi^ ciohxb Hasepxy, 
a npo^e bc6 BHHsy, xo vkff> 8x0 MOsexB ((bixb npiaxno xcjaso 
]fflSL OAHoro HMnepaxopa! 

— KoMy CByTOO, xotb ciynafi bofb, — npoHSHecB cnoBOlteo 
PyroHB, 

Owb noMHrajiB B^BaMH, hoxoitb npH6aBHJB: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8SSHI pyroHi. 115 

— E&fp uepex.jifi,Tb, nosa craHerB Beceite, — h sai^Mi Bep- 

HyTbCfi. 

HacTynHJO rjy6oBoe MOJi^ame. Ranib norjiasHeai'B 6opo;Qr, xo* 
Boa&Hsft rbwhy ^to ysHajrb to, ht6 xot^xl. HaKaHyH*!, fb najart, 
OHi yraxaJB B^pno, Korxa HaMesHyji'B, ^o PyroHi, bhaa, hto ero 
BjdflHie nomaTHyjiocB vh TiojBepir, caMi piniHjrB y^^ajiHTBCS, ^to6£i 
BEUKAATb (k>ji^ 6jaronpiflTHaro apeMeHH. ^^jo PoxpHrei^a Aasaio 
eny BeiHBOJiinHiifl cjiy^att yfiTH cb bi^oitb ^ecTHaro lejiOBisa. 

— A w6 roBopars vb nytfjHB'i? — cnpocHXB PyroffB, mro6EL 
wpepBtLTh MOJ^aeie. 

— fl TOJBKO-^TO npiixajirB, — OTB^^aiB AK)-IIya8it. — OxHaRO, 
dao MBEyry vb Ra4>6 fl c^nmajB, saBi o^hho^ rocnoxHHi c& vpe* 
CTOiTB o^eHB OAo6pfljrB Bainy orcraBBy. 

— B^epa Be^ydETB sasajicfl oieHB oropqeHHHiTB, — otfiaBEn 
n CBOH) oiepexB KaHB.— EesyasB o^eHB Bacx jjoCwtb. 3to Mauril 
XOBOJBHO orpaHH^eHHutt, HO HaxesHutt... Cam^ Ma^eHBRifi JIa-Py- 
xen BexB ce6fl o^eHB npnjiH^Ho. Ohb otzhheo o BacB ot3h- 

H pasroBopB npoxojisajicfl bb 9tomb pojsjb. PyroHB, tfesB Bca- 
laro crtcHenifl saxaBaa Bonpocu, sacraBHJiB x^nyraTa orxaiB eiiy 
noxpo^HHt OT^erB, h totb, cb 6oja>moA roroBHOCTBK), coo^n^UB 
eiiy KB noxpo6HOCTH, BasB OTHOCHJiacB BB Heny najaxa. 

— CeroxHfl, BB TeTOHiH xna, — nepefiaiB xro-DyasJi, BOiopoMy 
6ajo HenpiflTHO, ito eMy neTOro coo6n^HTB, — a neflxy nporyjin- 
BSTbCfl no napnsy h saBrpa yxpoicB abjodcb bb BaiiB cb or- 

WIOITB. 

— RcraTH, — BCBpHiajB RaHB, cit&icb, — ^a 8a6iixB BaifB coo6- 
iqBTB npo SoM6ej!6!.. Eivb, HHBorxa. ne BHxuBajrb s. ^ejOB^Ba bb 

TtlOirB HeiOBBOMrB nOJIOSefflH... 

Ho ocranoBEJCfl, yBHx^i, ^ro PyroHB MHraeiB eiiy rjasaioi na 
cniBy ^ejiecraHa, Boropntt bb dry MBHyiy ctoub na ciyjii h oto- 
iqan BepxHH)K> nossy ^H^jrioreBH, Byxa CBxaxuBajHCB xyputau. 
Er0M6ej6 6eub senaTB na cecrpi jS^ejiecTaHa. diOMy nocj^XHeMy^ 
CO BpeMeHH HeMHJiocTH PyroHa, 6um nenpiflTHO ero poxcTBO cb 
xtMeprepoiTB. Ohb nOBepnyxcfl h CBasajTB cb yjua^Bofi: 

— IIo^eMy BS HO npoxojsaere?.. EoM6ai6 xyp^^^B- ^^' so^ 
n Hewb ceBpeTBl 

Taxaa xopancafl pacnpaBa cb poxerBeHHHBOMB o^eHB pascM^- 
Bmia 8THXB rocnoxB. ^ejieciaHB, nooiiQ>eHHHfi ycnixoKB, nocBri^ca 
XMKe JOLKb ^epHoft 6opoxotf RoM6ex6, CTOjn» SHaiieHHTott Mesxy ffi^' 
lojo. noTOMB, 6e8B BCflBaro nepexoxa, BasHO npoMsnecB cxbfjvy- 
npa cioBa, dpocaa Bimy sypnaiOBB na xobopb: 

8* 



• 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



116 BWtEEKh IBPOnH. 

— Tope Ofjamxb ^^ocraBjuieTB pi^locTB ^^pyrnirB. 

dra ncTHHa ouatb Hasejia pasroBOpib na ^e-MapcH. Fyrowby 
jTBMyvh HOCB vb Hopi^JL, Bi BOTopoicB Tii^aTejBHO nepecKaxpH- 
BtuLi> Bdb OTA&temfl, npeAOcraBHXB cbohmi^ ^^pysLflirB OTBecTE jsjmj. 
Ohh roBopHjiH npo A^-MapcH cb asaproirB noswmnoKhj panycreB- 
muxes Ha npoTHBHBsa. PyraiejiBCisa, orBpaTHrenHiifl o6BHHeHui^ 
HCTHHHUfl co6uTifly npeyBejOTeHHufl jip 6eBo6pa8i2, cunajHCB rpa- 
jsflwh. ^la-llyaslt, snaBinifi x^MapcH bo BpeMfl beo, ao y^pea^ems 
HMnepiH, yxBepsxajTb, ^to owh sejtb Tor;(a na coxepsaHie y jh)- 
6oBEiinu, BaBo8-TO CapoHeccu, y BOTopofi npoMoiajTb 6pujBflHTEi 
HB BaBHX'b-HH6yAB ipe iricfli^a. Ean^ yrBeps^ajirb, hto he oaho 
MomeHHEqecBoe ^bio ne coBepmajocB na napEscBOfi ^Bps^ 6e8ib yu- 
ciifl Ae-MapcE. U, BsaEimo noAcrpeBafl Kpyrh Apyra, ohb coo6ntaiH 
$aKTH, o;(EHi HysoBEmHie ;^pyroro; b^ oahoitb npeAnpiflriE no Ka- 
BEHi-TO BonsMrb A^-MapcE coApajii BasTBy b^ MBJUiioH^b naTbcOT^ 
THCATB 4>paHB0Bi; owh HOAapEJi'E B^ npomjioirb IflCfll^i MaJieHBBOft 
^jiopancB, E31& onep£i6y^[)^,-AOirB^ ctoemoctbh) vh mecTBCOTB th- 
Cflii 4^paHB0Bx, nojiy^eHHux'B mn> otl Erpu na aBuiE MapoRB- 
CBExi sejifeHux'B AopoPB. HaBOEeip, Bcero BaBExi-HfltfyxB ;^eft 
xecflTB TOMy nasa;^ pyniEJiocB co CBanA^OMi BejiEBoe npexHpiflTie 
no enmeTCBoft BanajiEsai^iE, sa'ri&flHHoe ero BpeaiypaME: aBi^ioHepu 
ysnajiE, hto enie he oahoto y^apa saciynoirB He 6iijio cA^aHO^ 
xoTfl OHE yse ABa roAa bhocejTO ACHLrE. Uotomi ohe Ha6pocBJHCK 
Ha ero napysHOCTL, pacBpETEBOBajiE b^ nyxi e npax:b ero Haj(- 
MeHHyH) j^EsioHOMiH) ESflnpraro aBaniiopECTa, xojBOBajE npo sacra* 

P&rUfl 6o^feHE, BOTOpHfl paHO EJTE HOSAHO CEirpaiOT^ CB HfllTL He- 

Ao6pyK> miyBy e, HaBonei^, pastfpanEJE Aase BaprEHHyio raie- 
peK), BOTopyH) ou% co^Epajirb xorAa. 

— 9to fiaHAETx Bi niBypi BOAeBEJiBnaro aBrepa, — CBasajrE,. 
HaBonei^'B, ^ia-IIya8&. 

PyroffB MeAJeHHO hoahej-b rojiosy, Owb norjisjiibji'h na o6oax'E 
npisrejeft cboeme tfojiBniEHE rjasaiiH. 

— Hy, BaBott TOJKB B^ Bamett tfpanE, — nporoBopnjrB owb. — 
MapcE o6A'i^:iiHBaei^ cboe A^^iHinBE, botb e Bce! Bke b^a^ loase 
xoTETO o^A^jiaiB CBOE... Mh h6 jiaAEifB Apyi*^ CI ApyroicB. E eciK 
Aaae mh4 npeAcraBEiCE BorAa-HE6yAB cjy^att CBepnyTB eny mefo^ 
E 8T0 CA^JiaH) CB yAOBOJiBCTBieM^B. Ho Bce, ht6 bh pascBa^Baeie 
npo MapcE, ne M^maerB eny 6uTb jobbeitb neJOB^BOiTB. Ecih 

TOJBBO OlPh SaxO^erB, to paSAaBETB BaCl, BaBfB AByX'B BOMapORB^ 

— npeAynpesAaio Bacx. 

Owh Bcraji'B CB Bpecia, yroMECB cea^tb e pacnpaBiEfl ^jieHH* 
UoToifB npE6aBEXB) BJ^Baa bo BecB poTB: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asiffB ?nowb. 117 

— T%in> 6oji4e, fp6pue xpysBa moh, ^to xenepB a ne mopb 6u 
euj noir&niaTB. 

— 0^ ecjH($H BH 3axor6jH, — npo6opMOTajrB jro-IIyasd ci 
KHUoft yjm6sofi) — to hofjih 6h aeciORO nacojHTB MapCH. Y sacB 
lyn HavipHoe HafijQrrcfl 6yMarH, sa soropiifl 6u ohi Aoporo a&Jb... 
BoHi TaM^y B% A'^i JlapAenya, vjsjk owh nrpajx TaByio crpaHHyK) 
pojB. Jl ysnaio nncBHo otb Hero, o^ghb no^onnTHoe, soropoe £ 

OKB H'^KOFAa npHHecB BaMl. 

PyroETB nomejTB 6pQcnTB vb nMUBWh 6yMarH, soiopuMH najo- 
OD-Majy HanojHHj'B KOpdHHsy. EpoHSOBofl HamBH yse 6eij[0 hoao- 
€nm>HHO. 

— Hajo ytfHsaTB Bpara, ho ^apa^aTB ero CesnojiesHo, — npo- 
roBopHXB OFB, npespHiejBHo nosEuiafl lue^aara. — BcasoMy cr^- 
locB iiHcaTB rjiynHfl imcBMa, ^o^aAaH)I^iJl fb ^yam pyRH. 

n 0H1» BSflJTB TO DHCBMO, SaseFB efO UB, CB^HS/b^ H HOA^erB HITB, 

BB CBOH) oniepeAB, Byny tfynarB bi BaifHHi. Owb cb HHHyry npocH- 
X&i'B Ha KopTO^saxi na soBp^^ Ha6j[K)Aafl sa rop'iBineft 6yMarott^ 
arjeraBmeff na caMuft BOBepi. IlHiie tojctho axMEHHcrpaTHBHue 

XOByMeHTBI BBTTflrHBaJIHCB TO^HO CBHHI^OBIIfl njaCTHHBH; SaHHCOHKH, 

U09KH 6yHarH, HcnHcaHHue CRBepHEiM'B nonepBOM'B, rop^jiH iia- 
jeHBBHMH CHHeBaTHMH jiSKiHsaEH, Mes^y T^M'B BasfB BB ropfln^eMi 
BOCTpt, cpeAH Ty^H HCBpB, ocTaBajiHCB Hecrop^Binie o^puBBs, bo- 
topne MoacHO 6ujio npo^inaTB. 

B'B aTy MHHyry ABepB OTBopHjacB HaciesB. ?efl-TO fojocb 
upoHSHecB, cm^cb: 

— Xopomo, xopomo, a. hsbhhiocb sa BacB, MepjiB... S. vbff> 
CBOfi HejoB^Bi. EcjH Bu HO npoHycTHTe HCHfl OTCiOAa, TO fl npojSxy 
^epes^ sajiy sac^A&HiJS, HOpTB bosbmh! 

To 6hutb A'3cB0pafij[B, BOToparo PyroHi Hasna^HJiB} inecTB ufk- 
csnevb TOMy nasax^, ayxHTopoifB bb rocyxapcTBeHHafi cob^tb. 
OffB BexB uoKh pysy xopomeBBsyH) m-me Bymapi, cB&syK), Basi 

pOSaffB, B1^ CB^TJIOltB BoceHHeMi nihTbi. 

— Hy, BOTB (JaftB eme naBe^yrB cioxa, — npotfopMoran PyroffB. 
Ohi He TOT^acB OTomejrB otb saMBHa, a ocraBajicfl na BOp- 

tonax'B} CB jonaTBofi »b pyB*!, BOTopoio Tynmj'B njiaicH, bo ns6i- 
sanie noxapa. IIoTOirB hoxhajtb cboo nxepoBoe jhii;o ci nexo- 

BOAHIOTB BHAOJtB. jO^'dCBOpafljIB HO diyTHJIOi. H OWbj H MOlOXafl 

seHH^HHa yase Ha nopori nepecrajE yju^aTBCfl) HcocrpoHJH npHJH^- 
HHfl cjynafo ^HsiOHOidH. 

— MhJHIS XOSflHHl,— CBasaXB OWbj — fl npHBeJTB BB BaiffBOffHy 

BamETB HpurrejiBHHi]('B, Boropaa HenpoMiHHo xot^jui sanHTB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



118 BWHOm BBPOnH* 

Bairs a CBoeM'B co($ojifeHOBwiH... Mu npo^HiaaH cerosHfl yrpom 
«Moniteur»... 

— H BH npo^Hxajin *Moiiiteur», — npoBop^ajrs PyroHx, pi- 
nraBmHCB HaRonei^i bctetb he hofh. 

Ho TyTBOHt jBUKbjFb joLUfij KOToparo eme ne BHAajcB, h npo- 
tfopicorajTB, noMHraBi rjiasaMn: 

— AxT)I Monsieur Eymapi. 

To 6HjrB x:£ScTBHTejBHO Mysi. OfiTb BomejrB nosaw K)6oKb 
mesUy HOiHajiHBufi h BasHufl. Eymapy ^Hjato mecrhjsficsTb jrbrb; 
rojOBa ero 6iiwia cobc^itb cixaa, rjatasa itbTyxmie, xaisfi Kasx-({n 
Hcreproe TpEjmfiLTE'USTE'jA'mejo rocyAapcTBeHHoft cjiy»6oio. Owh ne 
npoHBHecB HE dOBa, HO BSfl^x ch yMEJieHHioTL BHAOiTb pyRy Py- 
roHa H dHeprnqecRH norpflCB ee. 

— Hy, — CRasajTB btotx nocii^^mft,— otohl mbjo 6hjio Ch 
Bamett cropoHU npH^rH MeHfl npoB^^aTB, ho bh neproBCRH ci^ 
Hflere Mena... Hy, cxaHBie bote lyTB... ^ro-HyasS^ ycrynHre Bame 
specjio m-me Eymapi. 

H noBepHyBHiHCB, PyroffB onyrHJicH hocom^ rx Hocy cb noi- 

ROBHHROITB ^KotfejeHOlfB. 

KaR'B, H BU TJThy nOJIROBHHR'B, SaRpimaJl'B OHB. 

^BepB ocraBa^acB otrphtok). MepjiB ne hofb noir6inaTB hojl- 
ROBHHRy, BXOAHBmeMy Ha jd^CTHHi^r nosaxH BymapoBB, boAth fb 
ROMHaTy. Ohi» AepssajTB sa pyRy cuna, 6oiBmoro nflTHaxi](a'nu^ 
HflTo 6aji6eca, y^enHRa ROJuesa Louis le Grand. 

— S, xoxij'B npHBecTH r'b Bam Onocra, — npoHsneci ofb. — 
HcTHHHiie ApysBfl no8HaK)TCfl Bi Hec^aciiH... OraocTB, nosMH pysy 
r. PyroHy. 

Ho PyroH-B tfpocHJicfl bx nepexmoio, RpHia: 

— ^a sanpHTe sue A^epB, MepjiBl o hcicb bh ;QrMaeTe! Bees 
HapHS'B satfepercfl aojifi.. 

HpHciaB^ noRasaji'B CBoe cnoRofinoe jihi^o, roBopa: 

— ^a B^AB OHH yae yBH^ijiH Baci, rocnoffiH'B npesHxeHTx. 
n Ao^seBTB 6ujn> nocropoHHTBCfl h nponycmiB HlapiJoHHeJieff. 

Ohh mjiH pflAOiTB, HO He noA'B pyRy, sanuxaBmiecfl, pasorop^eH- 
mie, pacrepflHHEie, h saroBopnjiH kb oj^hhi rojatocB: 

— Mh ceft^acx npoHHrajH «Moniteur»... Axi, RaRaa vbcai 
KasB Bama tiixnafl MaTymRa oropHHTCfl. A mu-to? Bi RaRoe aro 
nacTB craBHTB ysacHoe noioseniel 

inap6oHHejm, fiyxy^H HaHBuie xpyrnxx, lytB se fotobejecb 

BSXJI02HTB BCb GBOH Jl^ijUSmKIH. VjVOWh BeJI&CB BWh SaKOJRaTB. Owh 

saneprB ffepB na rjk)^, roBopn, hto uycrb lenepB joiiaiorB XBepB, 
ecJE xoTffFB, a OH^ He OTonperB. Hotoitb, bhah, mo hhrto hss 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dMMWh VJVOWh. 119 

ero xpj^% noBHXHUOMy, He pacnoaaraerB yfiTH, npniiHpHJica ch 
cyxB^oft H nonHTajcfl aokoh^htb CBoe fjbio bi o6mecmb A^BflTs 
^eiOB^m, 3aHflBinHX!B ero Ba^HHen. Ilepetfopsa 6yMarE nponsBeia 
n soioiaTi HacTOfln^ee cro^noTBopenie. Ha KOBpl BajjuHCB BHnn 
fibihj xasTb HTo nojiBOBEHsy h Bymapy, npo^HpaBomMCA b^ antipa- 
sypy OKHa, npinnjiocB jtjbmth nevbposuHusL ycujifl, ^to6h He cmatb 
KSBoro-HHtiyxB Basnaro A'^^a. Bdb Kpecja 6£iJin sasajieHH CBflsan- 
mxH XHnaMH. O^na m-me Bymapi Morjia c^xb na CBo6oxHoe 
i^ecio H yjratfajacB xfo6esHOC£awb xK>*nya8& h Kana, Mes^y t^itb 
uxs x'dcBopaflaB, nenaxoAH Ta6ypeTa, noAOffHHyji'B efi ho^b hofh 
lOiciyH) caHH)K> nansy, i]a6HTyK) nncBMaMH. S^hbh 6K)po^ cocraB- 
usBBue vh yrzjy nociysHJH dbfjusunfiKb jm IUap6oHHe2efl, ch ipy- 
fpwb nepeBOXHBHiHX'B xyxii] a lOHHft OnoerB, fb Bocropri^ hto no- 
nan vb Tasyio BaTaBaciiOy cnoBajii BpyroicB h HC^esajTB no Bpe- 
nenam nosaAH ropu BapxoHOFB, sa soropHMn Jl^ejecram CBpu- 
BUCJi, nasi sa yBp6njeHieirB. 3TorB nocji^AHiS chjibho nsuiEjrbj 
(Spocaa sypnajiu cb Bepxnefi hojbh 6H6jdoTeBH. M-me Eymapi 
pacsamjuiJiacB. 

— HanpacHO bh CHAHie kb eioft rpflSH, — csasajrB Pyroro, 
onoposHflBmift Bapronu, XO BOiopux'B npocHXB Jl^ejecrana ne xo- 

TpOTHBaXBCfl. 

Ho Moioxafl jReHntHHa, pacBpacH'&BniHCB otb Ramjuei^ yB^pua 
ero, ^TO efi ohohb yxotfno, hto nuflnsa ea ne Cohtcs hhjih. H 
BOTB, BCfl mafiBa pascHnaiacB fb co6ojifeHOBaHiflxi. HifnepaTop^, 

XOjUKHO tfETTB, BOBCe HO 3a60THTCfl Q&b HHTepecaX'B CTpaHB[, HTO 

HOBBOJiHerB BOXBTB cetifl 8a HOCB ^Hi^aH'B, CTOJiB Haio xoctoShbotb 
ero xoB^pifl. ^panipii noHecerB Basnyio yrpaxy. Ki xony ase, Bcerxa 
TavB 6HBaeTB: BejBBift yM'B Bcerxa BoopysaerB npoxEKB ce6fl Bci 

IHX^peXCTBeHHOCTH. 

— HpaBKrejiBCTBa neti^iaroxapHUy — o(5iflBHjrB Earn. 

— T&TB xyase xm hhx'b! — san^xHjrB hoibobhebx. 

— Ohh BpexflT^B CBOBMi HHxepecaifB, He xoposa cbohmh cjiyrami. 
Ho KaFB xoT^jTB, HTo6u nocji']&XHee cjiobo ocxajocB sa hhitb. 

Oe^ noBepHyjiCfl kb Pyrony. 

— Korxa xaBofi nejiOB^^BB, Ba^BBH, naxaexB^ xo 9x0 ($HBaerB 
otfoiecTBeHHHirB (SixcxBioM'B. 

mafiBa noxxBepxBJia:— ^a, xft^ otfn^ecxBeHHHirB tiixcxBieii'Bl 
dxH 6e88acTiH9HBB[fl HOXBajoi sacxaBHiH PyroHa hoxhaxb ro- 
jOBj. Eesi^xHHa ^esE ero pacBpacn&iHCB, Bce XBUfi ocb^xhjocb 
CxepsaHHoft yjHtfsofi yxoBOACXBui. Owh BoaexHEiaji CHJiofi, Bas^B 
seHOQiHa BOBeTHH^aerB Bpacoxofi, h jidChjeb, hto6u eny jBcxHjni 
spflMO KB rjasa. Mesxy i^^'b 6ujlo otobhxho, ^xo xpy^Ba ero 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



120 BIMJTHIKl IBPOim. 

cAcHaiorB xpyn Jtpyra; ohh cropoanjiH xpyra j[fijT9i, BsrM^oirb, 
crapaacB yfirn bi yrojiOB'B, noHEsan pojoctb. TenepB, Borxa Be- 
jinKifi ^ejLO^K% sasajicfl oCesopysenHinrB, neotfxoxHMo 61120 sapy- 
^sTBCfl ero jip6pwFh csoBOWh. H nojnM)BHiiB'B nepBtit pimHicfl xblk- 
CTBOBaTb. Ohi yBeji'B re aictfpaaypy OBna Pyrona, Koropiift noRopHO 
nocjAfiflBSiJCh sa hhitb, (tb nanBOft vh pynax'B. 

— no3a6oTHj[HCB Jin BH 060 MH%?— cnpocHU OHI^ menoTOiTB, c% 
jn)($e8Hoff yju6Rofl. 

— CaMo co($OH) pasyifieTCfl. Bame HasHa^eme vh BoicaHxopn 
6hjio mh^ o&bjBfiMO Bcero qerupe AHii xoMy Hasa^i. Ho tojbro bu 
nonHMaere, hto renepB a ne Mory 6ojniine he 3a ^nro py^atBCfl... 
SL 6oK)CB, cosnaiocB BaiTB, BaKB 6u mos HeMnaocrB ne orpasiuau^ 
na MOHX'B jtpysBiix'B. 

Tj6hi nojBOBHHBa Ba;^)o»ajH otb BOiHeniii. Oetb npotfopMOTajrE, 
^To naflo CopoTBCH, hto ohb 6y;^eTB Coportca. Hotoitb, p%3B0 no- 
BepHyBmHCB, nosBajTB: 

— Omoctb! 

6aji($ec% CH^^ji'B na MexBepeHBEaxi nox^ tfiopo h HHiajrB sa- 
rojiOBRH fihjrhj 6pocafl Bpeiia otb BpeneHH yMHJiBHne mvisixa na 
MajeHBsifl (SoTHHRH m-me Bymap^. Oetb uoffibxjBijrb. 

— BoTB Moft MOJO^iieifB! ^- npoxojsBaji'B nojiROBHHR'B Bnojro- 
jLOca. — BixB BH snaere, mh* nysiHO npncrpoHTb axy xpraB. £i 
pasc^nniBaH) na BacB. SL eusfi ne p^oiejb, Ryji^a onpex^jHiB ero: 
vh MarHcrpaTypy num vb axuHEHcrpai^iH)... Ilosinr pyRy nanieicy 
xpyry, OnocTB, ttoCh offB ne saCHBara npo tetfa. 

B'B 910 BpeMfl m-me Bymapi, RycaBmaa otb Herepn^nui nep- 
^aTRy, Bcrajia h noxomjia B'B jrlBOMy ORHy, HpffRasaBi B8rjuu;oir& 
x'dcRopafljno nooi'^xoBaTB sa nefi. Mys'B yse ctoajtb TairB, onep* 
niHCB JioRTflMH Ha noAOBOHHHB'B} H vjuifl^JTb Ha OTBpuBaBniificfl isarh 
OBHa BHA'B. HanpoTHBi BHCOBie TiojiBepiKcBie RamraHEi Tpenerajm, 
o6jiHT£ie Ten^EiMH jT^^aMH cojiHi^a, uesRjsj i^itb RaRB CeHa, na^H* 
nafl OTB KopoieBCRaro Mocra h xo Mocra Corjacia, RaTHja vojij6usl 

BOfJIj HCRpHBmiflCfl Ha COJLEJJjb. 

M-me Bymapx B^pyrB otfepnyjiacB, rphto: 

— M-r PyroHx, norjwiflHTe-Ba! 

n BB TO BpeMfl, RaR'B FyroffB nocn^mH.1% ocraBHTB hojrob^ 
HHRa, wllyasd, croflBmift bo^ Moaoxoff seHii^HHii} CRpoMHo oro- 
meJTh H noAomejarB rb RaHy, sanflBmeMy cpe^Hee orho. 

— IIoriflARTe na aiy 6apRy cb RHpHHiearB; ona HyrB-tfHJio 
He noTOHyjia, — pascRasHBaja m-me ByraapB. 

PyroHB CHECxoxHTejiBHO ocrasajicfl nox^ nea, h x^cBopafixB, 
noBHHyflCB HOBOMy Bsraflxy Moioxofi seHn^HHH, CRasaxB: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dSSffE VTVOWh. 121 

— M-r Bymapi xo^otb eo^tb fb OTcraBBy. Mh npsBein 
ero vh BaiTB, ^'to6u bki ero ypesoHHJin. 

Torxa Bymapi o5iflCHHjrB, iro HecnpaBeAJrHBOCTB ero BOdMjmflffrh. 

— ^a, rocnoxHH'B PyroH'B, a nanajTB cbok) BapLepy cb ;^OJIa- 
Hocni 8KcnexBT0pa bb mrHHcrepcTB^ BHyrpeHHHxi Kkjn> h xocjysHzcs 
j(0 doiOHa^ajiBHHKa 6e8B bcabexi hhtphtb hjih KCEaiejiBcrBx... K 
ciyxy ciojOHaiajiBHHBOMi cb 1847 ro^a. Hy, h HTO-ax! M*cto 
BiuiBHHBa OT;^eHk 6hjio yse hatb pasB BaBaHXHUM'B, ^ernpe 
pasa npH pecnytfiHB^ h pas^ npn mniepiH, a mhhhctp'b h ne no- 
fjmrh 060 usbj xors sa liiHOfl npasa crapimmcTBa... TenepB, 
tarKBL BH yxoAHie n BaifB nejiBBfl 6yAerB bhdojihhtb A&HHaro o6£- 
mfmsi, fl Jiy^me BHfi;^ bx OTcraBsy. 

PyroH'B ycnoKOHJTB ero. Micro eme He or^aHO ;^py^OMy; ecjni 
xase OHO H Ha ^totb pasi ycBOJiBSHerB otb nero, ($%Aft neBaiHBa: 
jQiyroS cjiy^afi npeAcraBHTCfl, Bone^no. IIoTOifB owh B8fl.11 m-me 
BymaprB sa pysH, ore^ecBH xBaia ee n cyjui efi Bca^ecBifl 6jaro- 
naiy^ifl. ^oitb crojionaiajBEHBa 6eiji'b nepBHfi, Boropiifi oiBpiucfl 
j(ifl Hero RB anoxy ero npH^KiTifl fb IlapHS'B. Tan'B oh'b nosna- 

BOMHlCfl CB nOJIBOBHHBOM'B, TpOfOpO^J^HHM'B 6paT0irB CTOJOHaHaJBEHBa. 

noBXH^, Borxa m-r BymapB narraxecaTH jAtl otb po^y nojiy- 
TOZB Hacjri&xcTBO OTB OT^a H BxpyrB sarJajTB aceHHTBca, PyroffB. 
(SfELTb ma^poiTB y m-me BymapB, yposxeHHofl A^ejiB Jl^eBHHB, 
mcHh xopomo BOcnBTaHHoft ^jc^bhi^'^ b8i» HO^Tennofi ceMBn bi Paif- 
tfjAe. OrojOHaHajiBHHBi noaBejiaxB aseHHTBCfl na ^poBHH^iaJIB£, 
mmmy wo oco(5eflHo xopoaKHji cepomhoctbio. AxejiB, CijiOBypaa, 
MajieHBBaa, o^apoBaTejBnaa, cb tokhhhh n HaHBHHMH rojytfuMn 
rjassaMH, nacHHTiiBajia yse TpeTBaro jro5oBHHBa nocjii ^enipex'B- 
ifeseft cynpysecBoB shshh. 

— Hy, nojHore, ne tfesnOBoflrecB, — roBopHjrB PyroffB, catHMaa 
ea py^BK fb cbohxx 6ojihmETb pyBaxi. — B'&xb bh sHaeie, iro Bce 
j^baerca no Bameny... ^iojb CBaserB sairB na-xnax'B, na ^oitb 
MH ocraHOBEjracB. 

H, OTBexa BB cropoHy x'BcBopafijia, 06'BaBnjrB eny, no nanHcaji'B 
yrpoiTB Bi ero oiny, ttoCh ycnoBOHTB crapHsa. Mojioxott ayxaxopi 
XOJsesB 6ujFh ocraBaxBca na cbooitb wbcrb. $aMHjria x'dcBOpaftjB 
6iua oxHa h9b crapMmax'B vb UjaccaH^, rxi noaBSOBazacB 06- 
iqecTBeHHfiurB yBaacenieirB. IIosTOify, Tn^ecaaBuo Pyrona, vh 6wLoe 
Bpena nuenaBmaro vh cronranHiix'B CanncaBax'B memo xoMa era- 
paro MapsHsa, on^t SBsojisiy oco^ohho jibcthjo to otfcroaxeaBCTBO, 
^no owb noBpoBHiejiBcrByeFB MOJioxoMy neaoF^By. CeMBa xpaanaa 
tfaroroBiftHHfi ByiBn kb FeHpnxy Y, ho nosBoanaa cuHy npn- 
enffB KB HMnepiH. TaBOBi 6uM!h pesyaBTarB pasBpaxa BnoxH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



122 BtOTHKKl IBPOHH. 

y cepexHflro ORHa^ Koxopoe 6um orspiiTo, Tro(Sii ^y^me 
yexHHHTBCfl OTB ocTaiBHoro o6ii^ecTBa, 6edbA0BBjaL Eani h xhh 
Ilyas^, norjuiA^Bafl na Bpumy TiojBepH, CEH^temyK) Bxajm. Ohh 
onQ^nHBajH Apyn xpyra h, BucBasMx Basoe-HH6yAB MH^Hie, no- 
XOJiry MOJi^ajH. PyroH'B ciHniBOirB noropa^iucfl. Eiiy ne cjrbffliBtJLO 
saxoxHTB TSJSTb A&^eKO vb fijbjpb PoApHrei^a, soropoe 6wio xairb 
jerRO yjaAHTB. IIotom'b, ycrpeicHBi r^asa vb npocrpaHCTBO, San^ 
npotfopMora^'B, BaE!B~6u pascysA&fl ci caMSK'B co6oh): 

— YnacTB He xpyjqio, no^HaTBca My;^peHAe. 

^fO-nyasA c^^aji'B bh^i, hto ne pasduniaji'B. H AOiro cnycn, 
npoEBHecE: 

— 0! owb aOBsifi najraft. 

Tor^a Aenyrarb shbo noBepnyacfl kl neMj h nporoBopHJB 
CBoporoBopRoB: 

— Hy, sHaexe, Mea^ naMH, a Coiocb sa Hero. Oh% nrpaen 
Oh orHei»... EoHeHHO, mu — ero Apyssa, h pi^H ne Mosen (Ssitb 
TOiTB, iTo6u ero noKHHyTB. Ho a tojibbo saaBJuiio ^asTB, sorxa 
roBopK), HTO OHi ne noxyMaa^ 060 mh^ bo BceiTB btoitb... Y hctui, 
nanpHM^pii, daifioiaHEi spynHue HHiepecu vh fjbjrbj Boropoe ob% 

CBOMnpOMeTTHpOBaJl CBOHITB OnpOMeTHHBEIlTB nOCTyHBOlTB. Oh'B He 

MorB 6ei 6uTb Ha Mena bb npereHsiH, HenpaB^a-JiH, eciE6u a tb- 
nepB nocTy^aaca fb Apyryio ;^BepB? B^ab ne a oxhh^b nps droiTB 
crpaAaio, a iv&Jioe Hacejienie. 

— ^TO-at, nocry^HxecB kb Apyrya) jBepB, — hobtopbjtb flo- 
Ilyasi ci yji£i6B0i. 

Ho TorB, BHesanHO pascepxacB, npo(5ojrrajica. 

— PasB^ 8TOBO8MOSHO?... drorB 6iA0Bufl rocno^HHi^ co Bcbim 
Baci ccopHTx. Kor^a npHHaAaeAHmB bb ero BOMnamH, to ho- 
CHHiB apjniBB Ha cnnni. 

Oh^ ycnoROHjatca, BSAOxnyj^B, norjuixBKBaa na TpiyM|iaaBHyi> 
apBy, c^piBmyH) noBa^H seaeHaro marpa EjHcefiCBHXB nojiefl, 
H THxo npH6aBnjrb; 

— ^TO aLmitb, — a AO rjynocTH iB^penB. 
HojBOBHHB'B CB MBHyiy yse CToaxB nosaxH bthx'b rocnoffB. 

BipHOCTB eCTB njTTB HeCTH, — npOHSHeCl OffB BOeHHHlfB 

rojiocoMi. 

Aio-Uyas^ H Kam pas^ajiHCB, hto6u a^tb m^o nojBO^nuqr^ 
KOTopuS npoAOJiaaji'B: 

— PyroHi^ ceroxna otfasaaca OTHOCHrenHO nac^. Owh 6oMhn^ 
He npHHaA^esBrB caMOMy ce6i. 

dto BHpasenie npoBBBeao Bejm^afindfi a^[)^BrB. Bivh^ boho^ho, 
PyroH^ He npHHaAaeauirB 6ojBnie caicoMy cedij h naAO^HO eny 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8»ffB ?JVOWb. 123 

qmo CRasaiB dxo, wto6u owh nasajB cboh ofiflsanHOCTH. Bc£ 
ipoe noHBdHJE rojocB, saT^Baa soHiuiorB, otfEMesHBaa Apyn 
j^jra. IIopoK) ann otfopavBajincB n orjiflx^BajH tfojiBmoft noBofl, 
YTofiii BHx^TB, He 3aBJi[aA'6jr& jh BeiHSBMi ^eJiOB^BoiTb RTO nss 
j^pyaet cjraniKoirb HCKJio^HTejBHO. 

B!b HacTOfliqyK) MEHyry BeJEidB ^eJiOB^KB noA^HpajTB jc^a, 
npoxouafl pasroBapHBaxB cb m-me Bymapi. MesAy tImi map- 
(ioHHen ffb yrjy, rx*]^ cha'^zh ao chx'b nopi HOJraa h CMnpno, 
BApjTB dacnopGLiH. JI^Ba pasa ohh mirajiHCB-tfujio 3aBJia;^TB Py- 
roBOH, soToparo cna^ajia yBjeR'B nojKOBHHBX) a sai^irB MOjatOAaa 
MtBmasi. UlaptioHHejB xoJiBHyjrB nasoHei^'B seny si PyroHy. 

— GeroAHfl yTpom, — npojenerajia ona, — hh nojiy^HJiH 
mcBMO on Bamefl MaiyiiiBii. 

Ohtb He Aa:i^ eft AoroBopnTB, h cairB yBe^'B inap6oHHejeB 
n aMfipasypy npaBaro OBHa, fb ipexifl pasB h 6681 oco(5aro He- 
i^imfl BunycTHBB A^a hbi pyK'B. 

— Mil nojiy^HjiH HHCBMO orB BameS MaTymaH, — noBxopHJia 
2D-me niaptfoHHejB. 

Ona co^HpaiacB nponeciB hhcbmo, ho PyroHB bs^jtb ero y nefl 
m pyxTB H npo&kssAjn> rjiasaMn. IUap6oHHejiH, crapHHHue Top^OBI^I 
lacjoiTB N> UidLCChwky 6ujLii npores^ m-me $ejiHCHT9, KaK'B BeiiH- 
^an MaTB Pyrona fb efl poAHOMi ropoA^. Ona npecjiaja jstb 
n napHS'B CB npocBtfoft, BOTopyio ohh noAajH bi rocyAapcTBen- 

HhI COF^TB. OaHHI H3% HXl pOACTBeHHHBOBB, H^BTO lUeBeCCH), 

opBCUKHiiff HOB^peHHHfi wh $OBepojjr6, rjaBH0Mi» ropoA;! coc^a- 
Esro x^napraiieHTa, yiiepx, ociaBHFB cociOflHie bi naTBCon tucshk 
^MunoFB MOHaxHHfliTB «Cb. CeMeScTBa». IUap6oHHej[n, HHBorAa ne 
padeHHXHBaBmie na nacji^ACTBO, ho CA&iaBmiecfl BnesanHO nacji^A" 
BoaMH, BCJ^ACTBie CMepTH (Spaia noaofiHHBa, sasonHJiH o Ba^Ta^iH, 
I TavB xas'B xa o6n^iHa npooua y rocyAapcxBeHnaro coB^ia paspb- 
mesifl npHHflTB a&P^? ohh nosnHyjH CBoe crapeHHoe aKHjiEn^e 
n ILuiccaHl h noM^ajHCB fb IlapQS'B, vjiib n noceJHjracB fb yjini^ 
Suo&by FB oieii nepnropx, hto<Sh cxbjifiTh sa a^jiomi. A oho 
TfHyjocB yase nojn<OAa. 

— Mu OTCHB oropneHH, — BSAiixaJia . m-me IIIap6oHHejB, 
n TO BpeMfl, saai PyroHB ^HrajTB hhcbho. — 3. ne xox^jia h 
cumiTB o&b 8T0MI npoi](ecc^. Ho IIIap6oHHejB hobtopajtb, tto 

CB BIMH 8TH A6HBrH B^pHUfl, HTO BaiTB Ct6hT1> CBasaTB CJOBO^ 

rtaiu nojosHTB sairB fb lu^nanB nflXBCOTB thcah'b ^paoBOFB... 
Bb opaBAa-jiH, niap6oHHejiB? 

BiiBniift ToproBei^ or^aanHO saMaxajCB roJOBOfi. 

— Il^H^pa BpynHaa,— npoAOJixaja aaena, — HFB-sa nee crdHJO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



124 BfiCTHflirb iBPonH. 

nepeBepeyTB CBoe cy^ecTBOBame... 0, ffi). nama jbeshb nonua 
BBeprB AHOiTb! Seaere jh, monsieur PyroHi, B^epa ciysaHsa 
vh rocTHHHHit']^ OTRasajacB nepeirtHflTB naoiH rpasHua cajj^eiBH! 
no;QicaflTe tojbro, "ito y MeHa bi^ IIjiaccaHi hhtb mna^Fb tiflT- 
KOiTB Ha6HTU[ 6'6jiBein>! 

n OHa npoxojisajia ropBso sajOBaiBca na napHSi, soroputt 
6ujrh eft HenaBHcreHi. Ohh npi'lxajH cioxa Bcero na nex&ifo, nocroffH- 

HO OSH^aa, TTO BOTB-BOTB jinfrbj H HH^erO He BEIHHCGIBaiH H9B 

AOMa. TenepB; Kor^a jsjbso saTHHyjiocB, ohh ynopcTBOBaiH, h aftHjH 
vh Me6j[HpoBaHHiix'B soMHaiax'B) nnraflCB t^itb, ?t6 yroxHO noKBi,Tb 
cjiysaHRi^, 6e3fh (^ba, hotte 6e3rB njaTBa. Y hex'b He 6ujio x&ze 
H^eTRH, H m-me IIIap^OHHejB npH^ecuBaiacB cjiOMaHHEiirB rpe6eoi- 
KOMI. nopoK) OHH caA^^^CB Ha CBoft MajieHBRift HeifoxaHi H Hja- 
BajH OTB yroMJieHifl h flpocTH. 

— H BB aroiTB oxejit xaKoe xypnoe otfmecTBo! — npo5opiio* 
TajB inap6oHHejB, ctbi^jihbo sasaTHBaa rjiasa. — Bosirt nacB sh- 
BerB MOJiOAOft ^ejioBi&s'B. HHorxa mbi czumE^rb lasifl bbo^h... 

PyroHB CMOSLULjrh hhcbho h noxajTB ero m-me IIIapfioHHeJiB. 

— Moa MaxB, — caasajTB ohb, — ^jaerB nairB OTjin^Huft conirB: 
BOopysHTBca Tepn'J&HieiTB. & tose icory BairB peaoMeHXOBaTB sa- 
nacTHCB MysecTBOM'B... )[^Jio name, no-Moeny, npaBoe; ho TenepB 

SL Vb OTCTaBR'6 H He CM'IH) HEHerO BaBTB otf'j^n^aTB. 

— . Mei saBTpa se yiji,eM.T> esi IlapHiKa! — saRpHqajui m-me 
niapdoHHejiB Bi nopuB^ oT^aanifl. 

Ho He ycni^ja ona nporoBopEiB bto, RaRi Bca no6j6xHiJia. IQap- 
<$OHHejiB fflJixewb 6ujn> ee noAxepsaTB. Ohh npocroflJiH cb MHHyry 
tfesTB rojioca, (tb xposaH(HMH ry6aHH h raax^E xpyi*^ na xpyra, 
roTOBue pacHjiaRaTBCfl. Ohh cobc^icb pacRHCJH, cepxt^e hx'b csh- 

M&IOCB, TOHHO RTO BOTB Ceft^aCB TO^LBRO-ITO BEipBajI'B y HH^B H8% 
pyKB HHTBCOrB TUCfl^'B {^paHROB'B. 

FyroHi npoxoJsajTB jiacROBo: 

— y BacB CHJiBHuB npoTHBHHR^: MOHCHHBop'B Pomapi, ^Be* 
pojflLiBCRift enHCROH'B, npi']&xaj['B bi IlapES'B, ^to^ki jhhho xJOHoraxB 
sa cecrepx «Cb. CeMeficTBa». Besib ero Bir&mareiBCTBa bh 6fii yse 
xaBHO BUHTpajH x^ao. ^xoBencTBo, Kb nec^acilio, o^enB Mory- 
H^ecTBeHHo Bi HacT0flH](ee Bpeiifl... Ho a ocraBjaK) sx&cb xpyseft, 
H naxl^iocB, HTO uwb mosho 6yxeTB x^ftcTBOBaTB, ne BticiaBjuiacB 
Bnepex^. Bu sxmh raxh xoaro^ h eciH sasTpa ylx^^**- 

— Mu ocraHeMCfl, mki ocraHeiccfl, — nocn^^mno npo6opMOTajia 
m-me IIIaptfoHHejB. — Axx! m-r Pyronx, botb nacjtxcrBO, roio- 
poe naiTB xoporo o(k)BxeTCflI 

PyroHi HOCH^nrao BepHyjca Kb cbohitb (SyicarairB, Ohi cb yxo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9SiH% pyroH^. 125 

BiiKcrBieirB o6Bejii riasaBui ROMHaTy, pa^QracB, tto HesoMy 6oja>me 
nptciiBaTB Kb Heny. Bca maflKa ($iija yAOBJieTBopena, Bi Hi- 

dOABO MHHyrB OH^ CH3LH0 nOABHHyjX CBOe X^JIO. EOFAa OHl 

pisecejiflJiCfl, TO craHOBHjcfl vpy&h n (SeasaaocreHi si jnoxfliTB. 
Bi leieHie lerBeprH laca, owh npHHSjatca 6H^eBaTB xpyseSy 

lOTOpiDCB XHJ06h[ TO^BSO-HTO BHCJJOnajI'B CB laKOfl CHHCXOAH- 

leiuocTBH). Oh% sameji'B TasB xajreBO h 6ujn> Tasi aecroKi 
CB lOfomeHBSofl m-me BymairBy hto y toS raasa nanojiHHJiHCB 
ciemii, zoTfl oHa h He nepecraBajia yjiEi6aTBCfl. JIj)y8Bfl cm^- 

JHCly HpBBBIBHyBI^ B'B BTHITB yAapaiTB HaiBOfi, SHaS, ^TO HX^B 

^OEffi ocoOeHHO BBicoKO CTOflTB, soFxa PyroHB BOJiOTHTB HX'B syja- 
lon no saTBijiBy. 

Bb ary MHHyry CBpoMHO nocry^ajiHCB vh XBepB. 

— H^TB, iribrB, He OTBopflflre! — saspn^airB ohb JI^eiecTaHyi 
lampiA xorijii-dBUO h^h ki ABepn. — CM'fciOTca h^ao mhoB, 
TOhJB? y Mena e (Je»B loro roaoBa Tpen^HTB. 

Ho vh ABepB nocry^ajiH cHjBH^e. 

— AxiA eciH^H a ne yxoffiJix, — npotfopMOTan PyroHi ckbobb 
fj^j — fl 6h FB ipn meH npornan aroro Mepja! 

GiyiTb 6oaBnie ne nOBTopaJca. Ho B;q)yPB vh yrjy satfaHera 
GTBopHjacB icajeHBKaa ABepB h nponycTHja Heo(h»aTHyH) rojyCya) 
BieiKo^no io6By. C'b Mnnyry ToaBBO h 6blio bh;^o^ tto dry 
»^, o^eHB apByiD, rycro ycaseHHyio 6aHTaicH. SSLeHcsift Tonsilt 
nuocB CKoporoBopBofl Tpen^ajTB sa ;(BepBK). 

— M-r PyroffB! — nosBaaa ;^aMa, noBasaBi naBOHei^ CBoe 
into. 

To 6fija m-me Eopp6pi vh mjiaiji, y($paHH0fl posaifH. Py- 
noKB, me^mifi vb AsepH cb csaTHMH ByjiaBaicH, B8(^meHHBifi, 
paaxJLUB i^aaBH h hosultb pysy bhobb npHmeAmeft, A^aaa jm6ez- 
woe jHi^o. 

— £L cnpamHBaaa .y Mepaa, ^OBoaenB jh ohi m^ctom-b, — 
rsasua m-me EoppfiprB, ni^sno nocMaTpHBaBmaa na xoaroBasaro 
npoomBa, yjH($aBmaroca eft. 

— A BH, m-r PyroH-B, joBoaBHu hitb? 

— ^a, Aft} Bone^HO, — oiBi^aai PyroHB jBDtfesHHM'B tohom-b. 
MepjB npoAoasajTB rayno yaH^aiBca, ne cnycBaa raasfB ci 

meo m-me Eoppfipi. Ona seiiaHHaacB, nonpaBaaa saBH- 
9 nospuBaBmia ea ao($i n bhcbh. 

— Hy, BOTB h HpeBpacHo, Moft MHatifl, — npoHBHecaa ona. 

— Eor^a a noicftnQr Boro-HH6yAB, to juotfaio, mo6u B(A6um 
mojBHH... H eciH($H[ saiii noHaAO<$Haca cob^tb fb HeirB-HH6yAB, 



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126 BSCTHERl SBPOHEI. 

TO npHXOAHTe bo mh^ yrpoiTB, sHaexe — ^MOSAy BOceMBio h ffissm 
HacaMH. CMOTpine, Bejpsre ce6sL xopomo. 

H oHa Bom^a fl KatfHHerB, roBopa Pyrony: 

— H4rB jiy^me JiOAefl, mkb OTcraBHiie BoeHHue. 

UocjA 8Toro OHa Bi^nHJiacB vb Hero, nporanpua sa co6ol 
nepesx BCK) «OMHaTy Ha Kpjrot ea kohci^i, rb okhj. Ona en 
6paHHjia sa to, ^to ofb ho ornepi A^epefi. SnaTOTb, ecnt^s 
Mepjib He cooacHJCfl BBecrn ee nepesi MajieHBRyH) XBepL, ona 6b 
TaKi H ocrajacB 3a xBepBio? A Mesxy t^mi eft Taxi nysno eK 
bha^tb! B'&xb HejiBSfl se eiiy yfirH, ne cBasaRB eft, vb EaBoicB m 
joseHin naxoAflTCfl ea. npocBCu. Ona BHHyja hstb BapuaHa xa 
jieHBByK) sanHcnyK) BHnsBy, oneHB tforaxyio, nepenjereHHyio vb po 
soBufi Myapx. 

— H npo^Hxaia «MoHHTepi» yace nocjri^ saBrpasa, — npojuoji 
jBaja ona: — h TOiqaci se nanflja 4^iaRpx... CRasHre, bi saKOir 
HOJioseHiH A^o m-me JlerDpBi, baobu BanHTana, soropafl npo 
CHTB paspimenk oiBpuxB Ta^aqnyiD jaBO^iBy. S. oG^^aja cood 
H^TB eft pesyjiBxarB na tfyAyn^eft nejiikA... A f/hjio Toft x^bhi^b 
BH snaere, 9pmhhe Ehjbbobi, tfuBmeft BOCDHraHHHiiiii CeHB-Jl^eHi 
BOTopyH) ea coGjiasHHrejB, oi^vLisfi^y corjaceni bshtb sa ce6a 33 
Mys'B, ecjH BaBafl-HH^yxB cocxpaAaTezBHafl xynia corjiacHTCs ;^ai 
cyuMjy o6ji8aTejiBHyK> a^a o^^ni^epcBaro Bsnoca, Ha cxy^fA se 
hhtbCh! Mu BhfjbsizECh na HHnepaTpHiQr... A hdk 8th jsfiMu: m-n 
niapAOH'B, m-me TecraHBeprB, m-me JKajarBO, Boropsui ;RAy^ 1^ 
no H^CBOJBBy Mi^cfli^eBb? 

PyroHX cnoBOfiflO OTB^^ajTB no nyHBraiTB, o(fBacHaj^, onei 
npoHCxoAHTB saiieAJieHie, bxoahix bi Menqaftmia hoapoGhocth. Ob 
ABJTB, oAHaBO, nonaTB m-me Ropp6pB, hto othuh^^ ona neAOHSB 
xaB'B CQjiBHO pasc^HTUBaTB Ha Hero. ToFAa ona npHnaaacB cItI 
BaiB. Eft laB'B npiaxHo 6hjio OBasMBaxB ycjiyra! ^t6 ona tfyjei 

A&iaTB CO BC^MH aTHMH AAMaMH? IIOTOMl SarOBOpHJia CBOHX'B JHHHid 

A^axi, BOTopua 6ujih xopomo hsb^cthh Pyrony. Ona noBTopui 
HTO ona yposAennaa Mapxend^ xopomeft ^aHEjia hbi BaHACH, 
Hxo FB Hxi poAy MOSHO Hac^HxaxB ceMB uejOB^Bi HOxapiycoBt 
Ona HHBorAa onpeji^jieHHO ne roBopnjia: noneicy ona hochtb ^ 
JUH) RoppepB. JI^BaAAaxH-qexEipex'B jAtl ona y($&Eajia hsi aomj 4 
npHBasuBOiTB OAHoro MacHHBa, nocji yeAHnennHTB jAnEoxh cbh^ 
nift CB HEiTB. OTeA'B ea M^cai^eBi mecxB Ch yna cxoahxb otb 9ioi 
CBaHAaja, ^lyAOBHn^HOCTB Boxoparo ao cnrB nopi en^e BOJHOBa. 
jMU wh xoft irlcxHOGTH. C'B xoFO BpoMeHH OHa SHja vh IlapHS 
HO ceMBa neft ne xor^a n (MHmaxB. PasB fficsrh nncaia oi 
CBoeny 6paxy, xenepB ynpaBJUiBmeMy sonxopoft, ho ne nojiyna 



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dXRWb pyroiTB. 127 

on Hero oiBiTa h o($BHHfljia vh otoitb cboh) neF^CTsy: «xaHaK7} 
MPBrnyK) sa hocl xypftsa MapTHH6») roBopHja oea. Oj^Hoft h^b 
a t(ito /ia;^ 6£uo, Kairb n y AH>*nya8&, DepHyrBCfl na po^HHy 
leHiqHHOfi 6oraTOft h yBasaeiiofi. 

— a onflTB nHcajra nexkim TOMy Hasa^i, — CopMOxaja ona: — 
I napt x^psy, ^ro ona 6pocaeTB moe nHCBiia vb ofohb!.. O^HaRO, 
ecnfia MapTHH6 yiiepx, to efi npHnuiocB 6h npHHATB ueESL vb 
ijm. y HEXB B^;^ H']&TB A^Tefi, a. 6yAy Hacji'lxHHi](ett nocji'l 
(pm... MapTHH6 nflXHaAi^aTBK) roAaicH cxapme uensL h crpa^aerB 
owrpol, Kasi hh^ roBopHjiH. 

Iforom, BApyn nepeM^HHRs tohx rojioca, saiftTEja: 

— Hy, Aft He BpeMfl TenepB o($b btok'b ;^MaTB... TenepB h^ao 
iH)pi6oTaTB wa Baci, 9ateHB? By^eBTB crapaiBca, — yBHAirre. Ha^a 
Bin 6htb Bcbwby m:o6u mei 6ujlb HiirB-HH6yAB... IIoMHHTe, bb 
J85I r.? 

PyroHi» yjiu6njjicsi. H bb to BpeMfl, xasfB ona cb MaTepHHCROft 
iiooi csHMajia emy oti^ pysn, oh'b naBJioHHjicfl b^ efl yxy h 
npomenrajTB: 

— Ecjui yBHAHTe ^HJiBs^Ha, nocoB^xyfiTe eify 6htb 6jiaFopa8- 
jiHle. Bi^B ero yropasAHJio na nponufoft nexkA nonacTB aa 
nynreaxry, h osb cocjiajicfl na iieHfl, xaB^ na nopy^HrejA. 

M-me RoppfiprB otf^n^ajia neperoBopHTB cb SbHJBBenoM'B, oxHEifB 
m ea npesHHX'B sREZhnpvb Tbxi> BpeiieffB, Borxa PyroHB shjtb 
n jjBsb BaHH6, o^enB nojiesHHii'B MajiuMB npa cayqa'j^, ho Be- 
jjmjarh lepxoBCBH 6esiiopsijifl^vyio shshb. 

— MeHfl AoaHAaerca ^iaspB, npomattTe, — nporoBopHJia ona 
rpoxio, BuxoAH Ha cepe^HHy saCHnera. 

Offaso npotfiiaa e^e h^cbojbbo MHHyrB, seaafl^ ^to6ei bch 
BdKa pasonuacB Bwbcrb cb Hefi. %o6£i sacraBHTB bc^xb ABHHyrBCfl 
a lAcoLy oea js/blssb npe^JiosHJia AOsesTH Boro-HH6yAB fb ^^iasp*^* 

BliaOVB UpHHflJTB nOJIROBHHKB, H p^OHO 6uJlOj ?T0 Mai[eHBBitt 

OnocTB cufffTb bosjtI syqepa. Tor^a HaqajocB Bceo6mfie nosarie 
17KB. Vyvowh crarB y ABepH, pacspuxoft HacresB. Upoxoxfl memo 
aero, laoBifmA emfi pasB hsbabjuutb eiiy cboh) CEMaaTiio. Kan^, 
ff>-I^ra8& H nojncoBHHS'B BiirflHyioi meH h mennyjE eny na yxo 
acneno, hto6h owl ne satfuBaiTB npo hhxb. IIIap6oHHejiH yse 

Ha nepBoft ciyneHBB^ jiierEsnfiy a m-me Eopp&pi pasro- 
CB MepaeiTB BB nepeAHefi, vb to Bpenfl, BasB m-me By- 

KOiopyK) xosHAUHCB BB h6csojbbhx'b marax'B A'9cRopafi;iB 
I >y«B, Bce en^e jiH)6e8HH?aja cb PyroHOifB, cnpamHBafl ero, ko- 
na ma noaBerB sacraxB ero o^Horo, fb yjiHi^ Map($6(|rB, noTOMy 
««> ^yBCTByeTB ceiSa ounnBoirB rjynofl, Korw MHoro napo^y. Ho 



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128 NGTHIRl IBP<»m. 

nojROBHHK^^ ycjumaffB aio, BHesanno BepHyicfl, fj^jvie nwAffi- 
sajH sa hhm'b; npoHdonuLa Bceo^n^uai xABsa. 

— Mh Bcb 6yHdii'h HaB^n^TB BacB, — spH^aii noiKOBHHn. 

— Bh He AOJUKHH xopoHHTB ce6fl sitSHBOy— BomuH ocrajO^Hse 
rojioca. 

EaffB norpe^oBajL'B secroifB moji^hui. Sax^Mx nycrurs bb xo;^ 
BHaiceHHTyK) ^pasy: 

— Bh He npHHaAiiesHTe ce6£, bh npenaAJiesHTe Bameirb 
fjpjzbOMi, H $paHipH! 

n sar^M'B Bc6 pasonuHCB. PyroHi mofb saTBopnTb ABepB, xon 
BOJBHO BSAOxnyTB. JI^ejecraHi, soxoparo owb no8a6Hj'B9 BHrneii xo- 
Tjifi BSi-sa rpyAH KaproHOBi, hoa'b sa^HTOfi soropHxi osan^HBaxB 
pacnpex&ieHie ^yiiarB, Rasi AoCpocoB^HHft xpyrB- Oh'b HeicHoro 
Topjifijiai CBoett pa6oTofi; owh jijbiciBOBsa'h xorxa^ Bamb ;Q>yrie toabo 
pasroBapHBajiH. IIoaTOMy owb cb HcxnHHBurB HacjasAemen^ Buciy- 
nuui tfjiaroAapcTBeHHHe soMnjHMenTH Be^HBaro ^e^iOB^Ba. Oxhhi 
OH'B yiiixB OBasHBaiB yaiyrn; y Hero Taaofi CHCieMaTH^ecBifl yin>» 
laBafl MeroflHHHOCTB kb xpy^*, ^rro omt xt^eBO yfiAOi^; h PyroHi 
npH^HpajcB en^e mhofo ^(pyrHX'B jeciHHX'B Ben^eA, h HeAsa 6hjo 
pa8o6paTB: tobophtb ohtb cepbesno ejol CM^^erca? IIotom'b, oraaxib- 
niHCB BpyroiTb, npn6aBnxB: 

— Easeicfl, Bce BOHieno, tfaaroAapa BaM'B... Ocraerca tojdum 
npHBasaTB MepjiK) OTHecrn 8th cbasbh bo kh^. 

Owh nosBa^i npncraBa h nosasa^'B eicy 6yMarH. Ha bc^ npi- 
Basanifl npHcraBi oTB^najTB: 

— CjiyraaK), rocnojqm'B npesHAeHTB. 

— nojiHo sue BaiTB, rjynHfl qejOB^Bi^y sBaxB iieHfl npesnxen 
TOifB, Borxa fl 6ojiBme He npesHxeHn. 

MepjB noBjoHHicfl, nomej'B-6HJO b'b ABepH^ ho ocxaHOBHiCj 
Bi HepiniHMOCTH. OffB BepHyjicfl, roBopa: 

— BHBsy A&Ma, BepxoH'B na jomaAH, sejaerB nacB bhx^tb. 
Ona roBopHiia, cjriflCB, ^to noAHuacB Cu bm^^t^ cb jiomaABio n 
jLicTEsnij ecjiH^H TOJBBO lyTB ($HJio AOCTaiOHHO HDipoBO... Ona s< 
jaerB tojibbo nosaiB BaiTB pyBy, cyxapB. 

PyroHi yse oBHMaji'B Byaara, ^y^aa, qro axo myrsa. Ho ]if 
jecraH'B} BHrjanyBmifl hsx OBHa, npnCf^^saa'B oObaBjsrh cb bsboj 

HOBaHHHlfB BHAOMX: 

— M-lle KjopHHxa! 

Tor^a PyroHi OTB^^ajLi, ^to cefi^a^B coSaotb bhh9^. Horoir 
BHAa, ^0 E Jl^ejecxaH'B tfeperca sa miany, ohx norjuiA^'B na ner 
naMop^HBi 6poBH, eB noAOspnreuHHM'B bhaoitb, nopaseHBHfi ei 
BOJiHemeifB. 



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asiKB pyroH'B. 129 

— BeperHiecB seHo^HHi,— noBTopiu^ owb. 

H Ha nopoii rb nocji^AHift pasi oo^^ji sadHHerb. B% pac- 
ipiniut HacreaiB osHa cbo6oaho npoHHsajL'b j^eBE(A cb^tb, apBo 
os^^gfl nycTHe BaproHii, BEiASHHyxHe aii^hsh, CBflsaHHua HCJOseH- 
HHi nocpexH BOMHaTKi BHiiH 6yMarB. Ea6HHerB KS&Mca, nycnm- 
HHKb H neiajBHUMi. Bb BaMHHi^ orB cropfiBmefi vpym 6jM9jrb 
ooaBaiacB tojbbo He(k)jBiiiafl n^enonca wpnofi bojoi. B'b tj mm- 
iiyry, keitb owl saiBopflj'B ABepB, cF^qa, sa^mafl na croA, no- 
iicia, a cieBjraniBO Ha net (tb Tpecsoii'B jioirayjio. 



m. 

PyroHi HaB^iqaji HHorAa rpa^nHH) BaiB^n ahbitb, okojo ne- 
iiipex!^ ^mcovb nono^y^HH. Ostb npHxoAHjrB b'b nefi sa-npocTO, 
nfanBoirB. rpa4)HHfl sEJia bi HaieHBBOif^ AOm^, bi h^bojbbhx'b 
manucB otb yjiHi^] Map(Se4^, ^ auiei Ejihcc&cbhx'b nojieft. Bnpo- 
WTB, OHa p^AKO tfuBua AOMa, a ecjnr e tfuBaia, to .lesaja fb 
nocrej^ h hebofo He npHHHMajia. Ho aro He M^maio noc^THTe- 
un HanoiHflTB niyMOM'B j^cthhi^ MajieHBBaro Aona, a jsfiepsiwb 
rocisHHOft xJonaTB hso Bcefi mohh. JI^o^b ea, KoopHHxa, npHHHMaia 
n njuie^eby CMaxHBaBmefl BaB'B-^u Ha MacrepcByio xy^osHEBa h 
raxoxHBHxefi OBHaifH na yjEiQ^. 

Db TeqeniH rpexi wbc&nevh Pyroni c-b rpy6ocTBiD i^ijiOMyApeH- 
Haro HejiOB^Ba pisBO yBJiOHJijatcji on yxasHBanBA dTsx'B wmi*, bo- 
iopHxi» cb HBiTB nosnaBOMHjTH Ha 62ljA b^ MHHHcrepcTB^ HHOcrpan- 
Hiix!B K^JFb. Ohb Bdojity BCTp^^aj^ ETby yjni6aBniHXCfl Bce TOfi se 
HeflsiriHHoft, 8aHCBHBaH)n^efi yjia6Bofi; HpH^eMx iiaiB Bcer^a mojsl* 
^uh, a xo^B rpoMBO roBopKia h rjiflx'^a eny npfliio bi^ rjasa. 
Bo owh BpiHHJCfl^ H8($£raji'B HX'B, onyCBasx rjiasa, ?to($h htb ne 
Bmt&TIB, OTBaSBIBajICfl OTB HXIi HpHTJianieHifi. nOTOlTB, ocasBAeHHufty 
upecjAxyeuuS vb CBoeirB co($CTBeHHOM!B jiflwb^ memo Boxoparo Kjio- 
fBEM» napoiHO npofesajia Bepxoii'B, co6pajrB cnpaBBH, npes^e 

^ribcB pHCBHyTB CXi.iaTb HlfB BHSHTl. 

Bb BmiBSHCBOtf'B HocojiBCTB^ eicy orpeBOMenxoBaiH btexx fpach 
CB caMOft BHroAHofi CTopoHH. Fpa^^ BajiB^H A'^flcTBHTejBHO cyn^e- 
cnoBan; y rpa^HHH 6ujai emfi o^ewb SHaHHTejiBHUfl cbash fb 
T^poHi; XOHB lyTB-qyTB He Bnmjia daMysB fb npomexnieirB roxy 
a MajieHBBaro H^iieiqcaro BJiax^xe^BHaro bhasa. Ho y repiJiorHHH 
Gurs-KimpKHO, btb Boropoft owb sarbirB otSpa'nucfl, eny HacBasajiH 
noe* TaicB ero yF&pHJiH, qro RiopHHxa poxH^acB XBa roxa cny- 
en nocji cicepin rpa^ vb lOMy se nacierB qeni EantfH cjo- 

Ton L~<flHBAPB, 1876. 9 



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130 B^GTHHlCb SBPOnn. 

asHiacB OMGHB necTpaa jEereH^a; nys'B n sena o6oJOffio Hac^HTH- 
BaJin nponacTB jih)6obhux'b HHipHrB; ohe o6a Kjmjm HanponajiyH), 
pasBejiHCB BO $paHi:(iH, CHOBa comzncB vb HTajoH h nocj§ Toro 

JBLHJH TaB^-CSasaTB BUi SaKOHa. OXHHl MOJO^^OB meWh nOCOJLBCTBay 

Bno^Eri nocBfln^eHHHft bo Bce, Tr6 npoHCxoxnjio nps XBop% Ropoju 
BHSTopa-dMMaHynja, 6iijrB e^e 0(5cT0flTeJiBH'6e; no ero cJosairB, 
eaiH rpa^HHH en^e coxpanajia TairB Bjkme, to 6iiJia hitb o6fl8aHa 
crapHHHOft CBflSH CB o^eHB BucoRonocraBJieHHEnrB jLvusflis^j h nave- 
Bajii, ^0 ona xnjia 6u vh TypHH'6, ec2H6Ei ho ojsjswb Rpyimiit 
CKaH^^aji-B, KOTopoiTB OHB HO xotSjii roBopHTB. PyTOffB, saHHTepe- 
coBaflHLiS Majo-no-Mazy 9thm'b cj^ACTBieicB, ornpasHjicfl ;i;ase bb 
nojnmeftcEyK) npe^eKiypy, t?^ OMy ne CMsajH hhtofo onpej^ijeH- 
Haro; vh xapaRTepHCTHB'i druTh ABjrb nHocrpanoR'B tfujo CRasano 

TOJIBRO, ^0 OH'6 niHpORO SlHByrB, XOTfl HeHBB^CTHO, eCTB JR y BUOLh 

cocTOflHie. Oh* roBopirJiH, hto y hhx'b octb HirifeHie vb IlBeiiOHT^. 

fl^ijlO BB TOMB, ITO HX'B pOCROmB nOpOH) B;^)yrB RRRB-TO TyCKH&ia. 

Tor^a OH* Bnesanno HcnesajH, ho BCRop* noflBjfljincB ch hobedtb 
6jiecR0irB. Cjoboitb, hhrto ne mopb CRasaTB o hhxi HHqero nojo- 
SHTejiBHaro, h bc* npexiioiHTajiH vAsifjbub crbo3b najTBi^ii. Oh% 6bl&s 

npHEflTH BB CB^tI, A0MI» HXl C^HTaJCfl HOflTpaJIBHOtt HOTOOft, Ha 

ROTopofl Tepn&iacB BRci^eHTpHHHOCTB RjopnnxEi, RaR% HHOCrpaHRH. 
PyroHi p^niHJCfl no6HBaTB y dTexi a&m^. 

IIpH TpeTBOMB Buswrb jiK)tioniiTCTBO BejiHRaro ^ejiOB^Ra 6ujo 
saTponyro. PacmeBejnrrB b^ HeMB HyBCTBeHHOCTB 6imo ne aerso. 
Ero upesAe Bcero npHBjeRJio rb RjiopHH^ efl lexHoe nponuoe s 
^ecTOJiH)($HBue saMHCJiH ^yxyn^eirB, Roropue, eify RasajocB, owh 
HHTajB vb 6ojBoiHX'B FJiasaxi K)Hoft 6orHHH. IIpaBAa, eicy nei>eAa- 
BajiH OTBpaTHTeuHHfl HcropiH: 6yAT0 6u nepBUiTB yBJie^enieiTB es 
6ujn» RynepB; tfy^ro 6u sarbiTB saRsioTOHa tfujia cx^na ch ofr 

BEWb 6aHRHp0irB, ROTOputt SaiUaTHJTB MajreHBRHlTB fpMOWh Vb 

KmcettCRHxi nojiflX'B sa MHHMyio neBHHHocTB aroi 6apRiiiHH. 

Ho BB HHUfl MHHyTBI OHa RasaiaCB OMy TaRHITB petfeHROlTB, ^TO 
OWb COMH^BajICfl BO BCeiTB dTOlTB H A&BaJTB Ce($£ (UOBO BHIIBTaTB 

y Heft npaB^QT. Owl xoahjtb rx hhitb, yBjieRascB aseJumeirB pass- 
ra^taTB dij crpanHyio x^BymRy, h naROHei^ ona saHHTepeooBajia 
ero HacToiBRO, HacROJBRO ero hofjih HHrepecoBaTB ^eRorjoiBiie 
BonpocH Bucmett hojihthrh. Jifi Toro BpeneHH owh npesHpaiB sen- 
I^HHX, a nepBafl^ cb ROTopoft enyAOBejiocB crojosHyrBcs, ORasajacB 
BecBMa cJosHOft ManiHHofi. 

Ha Apyroi AeHB nocx& Toro, RaRB Kjiopiraxa npncRaRaia eep- 
xoiTB vh ffiepsK% rocyAapcTBOHHaro coBiia, m!o6u BsipasiiTB Pyro- 
Hy CBOH) cHimaTiia, ohtb OT^ajii ett bhshtb, Roioparo ona, BnpoqeM^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



aSSffB PTTOH'S. 131 

TopsecTBeHHO norpedoBa^a. OnanoBaserB euy, rosopiua ona, h^- 
m Tasoe, v£6 HSjeHirrB ero otl MejiaHxojiiH. Ostb, ciiiflCb, asajTB 
ee «cBOHirb nopoKOirb>, h oxotho sacHSHBajcji y nesi; ona ;i[pa3- 
Hua, pasBJiesajia, sa^aBJAJia ero, t^itb 6ojr6e, tto ao cnxi nopx 
ea(^ eMy He yj^ajiocB pasysnaTB poBHO HH^ero nsi loro, qid xot:&- 
ioa. OrH^afl yroji yjEi^u Map6e4^, oh'b BsrjiflHyjrb bb yjeiQr 
Eonses, na aomi», o6HTaeMHfl JI^ejecranoM'b. Eaiy yse ne pasi 
nsaiocB, qio oh^ bh^^htl jihi^o nocj^^AHuro vh nojiyorspiiTiifl 
dim sa($HHeTa n ^ro owb natfjnoAaerB sa osHaicH KiopHHAu; ho 
cum 6iiJiH sanepm. AejatecraHi, aojsho ($utb, y^xajTB na cboh) 
ol^OByK) 4^pMy. 

HapyaiHiiji Asepn ;t0Ma BajL^H 6ujm Bcer^a OTBopensi nacresB. 
Pyrony nonajacb Hascrp^qy BHH8y jI^cthbi^i MajeHbEaa lepnaa 
zeHI^KHa, pacrpenaHHaa, b^ pasopBannoirB se^iroirB njaTsi; ona 
rpHSja anejnbCBffL, isAVb fl6.ioso. 

~ Ahtohui, 6apiiHfl Bama Aona?— cnpocnxB owb y neft. 

Oea He OTBi^aja — porB ea 6ujrb Ha6HTB 6htbomX} — ho crajia 
vaxftTB rojiOBofl co cirixoirB. Ty6u efl 6£ijh nepena^saHii anejiB- 
oiHinrB coBOifB; iiajieHBBie rjmBSH, Boropiie ona e^e npHn^pn- 
Biu, KasajHCB ffijMsi ^epHHJBHHMH HflTHaHH Ha efl Kopn^H^oi 

PyroffB noAHfljicfl no jiicTHHi^t; eMy y»e 6hjx ho fb ahbo- 
Buy (esnopflxos'B, i^apcTBOBaBmifi fb btoitb aom£. Ha Jiicimas/b 
oiy nonajcfl ^o^OBflsiift jasefi cb jihi:(ohi 6aHAHTa, oh a^ehhoS 
lepHoft 6opoAOfi; OffB cnoROflno norjflx^ji'B na Pyrona h ne noAy- 

MUl nOCTOpOHHTBCfl. 

IIoToirB, na njon^aAsi nepBaro arasa ohi o^ryrnjicfl oahhi na- 
nponiBB ipex'B ABepett, otkputux'b nacresB. JI^Baa Boja wb bom* 
Htij KiopHHAu. PyroHi cb jiotfonuTCTBOM'B sarjiflHyji'B vh nee. 
XoH (Stuo yse nenipe ^aca, BOMHaia 6£[jia eniie ney^pana; mepMH^ 
noffimifl nepeA^B BpoBaxBK), saspuBajiH OTHacTH CB'icHBniiflCfl npo- 
cniHi H OKbsjihj a na nmpMax'B bhc&ih saTacBanHUfl k)6bh, cb 
ipisHinrB noAOJiOMi. IlepeA^ obhom^ ctoaj'b na nojy Tasi, cb 
nuBHoft BOAOfi, a c^paa Bomsa cnajia, CBepHyBniHCB BJiy($BOM!By 
HI rpyx^ BaiflBmarocfl njutTBfl. 

RiopHHAa CHA^a o^HSHOBeHHO BO BTopoMi arasi, vb toft raj- 
JBpel, BOTopyK) ona nooiepeAHO npeBpan^a^a to b^ MacxepcRyio, 
TO BB xypEjfhujn BOMHary, to rb opaHsepeK), to vb SEMHifi caA^. 
fe 10 BpeMfl, BaB'B PyroHB noAHHMajicfl no jticmHi^i, ao nero ao- 
^mn myM'B rojiocoBi^, SBonsiB CM^rB, cryBi naAaBmefi ue6ejui. 
Kofw OHB o^yTHicfl y caMoft ABepH, to paso^pan, hto toxotoi* 
Boe ^^opienuHo sanpaBjHJio myMOM^ h ^left-ro roxocB n&i'B. OffB 

9* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



132 BfiOTHffK'b IBPOnH. 

XBa pasa nocTy^ajicfl^ ho He uozymjrh OTB^xa. Tor^a owb p^mucfl 

BOfilH, 

— Axi! ($paBo! ($paBo! boto^ h owhl — saspn^Jia EiopflHxa, 
uonafl vb laxomH. 

He jerso 6ujio ckoh^jbhtb Pyrona, ho lyrB owh vb CMyme- 
hIh ocraHOBHJECfl na nopor^. 3a crapuirB 4K)pTenLflH0, no BOTopoMy 
xjionajiH H80-Bcefi mohh, sejiaa BSBaeiB Hffb Hero 6ojAe rpoindft 
BBysiy CBx^ji'B moBajL^ PycBOHH, HTajnflHCBifi nociaHHHBi) spa- 
CHBufl 6pH)HerB, jipjuioufiTb, yM^Bmift 6uTh ceph6zBUWh — vb CBoe 
BpeKfl. nocpeAHHi BOMHaniy Aenyrarb Jla-PyBers BaucBpoBaxb 
CO cryAOWhj ih)($obho npHSHMafl ero cnHHBy Kb rpy^H. 61 nopuB^ 
ycepAin, oh^ nopoHflXb na hoji'b h^sojbbo cryjbeBi. A nepe^^ 
OAHHiTb H8i» HOjyBpyrjuxi OBOHB cTOflJia Ha crojati KiopHHAa, b^ 
BOcnoM^ Ji^aHH, cb o6HaaBeHHHMH HoraiiH, pyBaMH^ njieHaHH^ B6p- 
H^ csasaTB — coBciwb hohth narafl, h cb cnoBOfiHEurB bhxoitb noeH- 
poBajia nepex'B mojioahmi neMvbKOWby CHEMaBmEMi cb nea noprperb. 
Ha AHBan^ xpn rocnoAHna. c% cepBesHUMn jihi^&mh, sypHBoiie lojcriui 
CHrapii, CHX'&in MOJi^a, sasHHyBi Hora na nory, h vjuifiihjuii na nee. 

— Crofire, ne tfesnOBoArecB! — saBpHqajn PycBOHH KjiopHHxbt 
BOTopas roTOBHjacB cocBo^HTB CO CTOdia. — A ($epy na ce6fl npex- 
ciaBJieHifl. 

H, h;^ pflAOiTB CB PyroHOMi, — myrjiHBO CBasajTB, npoxoAS 
MEMO Jla-PyBera, vb HSHeiioseHiH ynaBmaro vb Bpecjo. 

— M-r Jla-PyBcra, — botophS BaicB sHasoMi: 6yAyBvfi mh- 
HHcrpB. 

IIoTOM«B) noAXOAfl KB SHBonHCD[yy — npoAOJisaA'B: 

— T'Wb JlyHASH Hoiwo, Mofi coBperapB. fymjo^ahrby shbo- 

HHCei^X) MySBIBaHTB H BJIK)6j[eHHUfi. 

Ohi no8a6uj% npo rocnoA'B, BosciAaBnux'B na AHBaH6. Ho^ 
noBepHyBnmcB, jBEKkjLb nsxb h, ocraBHBx myrjiHBufi toh^ hobjio* 
HHJCfl Bi» hxx cTopoHy, — npoFOBopHBi i^epeMOHHUM^ roiocoiTB: 

— T-wb EpaK^HJiJia, r. CiaflepHHO, r. BncBapAH, bc* rpoe 
nojiHTH^ecBie bhxoxi^u. 

BeHe^iaHI^I9 ne Bunycsafl (^a^apx^ noBJOHVjmcB. IQeBan^ 
PycBOHH co6HpajiCfl c^ctb sa j^pienBAHO, Bor^a RjopHHxa Topon- 
jHBo nosBSJia ero, yBopflfl kb tomi, hto okb njioxofl i^epeMomlt- 
Meficiep'B. H Vb cbok) onepexB, yBasiiBaa na Pyrona, npoHsnecja 
cb oco6eHHofi, Heo6iiBHOBeHHo JK)6e8HOfi HHTOHaii,iefl bb roaoc6: 

— Monsieur dmewb Pyronx. 

HpHcyrcTByion^ie cnoBa pacawanajniCB wyrB ci ;^py^OlrB. Py- 
roHi, onacaNnittcfl of^ MHnyry BaBOfl-ns^yAB oiemBOirB pasnoa- 
jEoit myxBH, (Jiutb yxBBjeffB TaBTOnx h nyBCTBOirB co6cTBeHHaro 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9SEHi» pyroffB. 133 

locTOHHCTBa, BucRadaHHUMH 8T0S BucoBOfi A^BymBOfl, e^Ba npH- 
ipBTOfi rasoBuiTB BOcnoMOiTB. Ohi cLtb, ocB^AOMHjiCfl rpa4>HH% 
6&n6ff, BEiTb axo x^ajrb ofiusHOBeHHo; oh^ npHBHAEiBasca jifljBje 
npi KaKAOM-B bh8ht6, tto npHmeJit vb MaxepH, noroMy-^rro bto 
eiy lasajiocL npHJiH^H^. 

— £L^ 6ujrb 6u pa^t ee BH;(4Tb, — npHtfaBHJTb ofb, cooacHO 
yciaHOBjeHHofl hmi 4^opMyj'6 iia 8TorB cjiy^afi. 

— ^a MaMama boh*& xairB! — csasaia K.iopnH;ta) yBasEiBaa vh 
yion EOMHaTEi boh^hbom^ jyBa, m^ nosojio^eHHaro ;^epeBa. 

Fpa^HHJi, vh caMOifB A'^ji^/naxoAHjacB bi BOMnaT^; ona je- 
xm vb 6ojn>mowb Bpecjii, sacjOHeHHan pasnoit Me6ejiBH). Bci 
jvbuhcb; xpoe nojHTH^ecBHx^ BBixo^i^a, AOJsho 6eitb, rose ne 
sfflUH paHBine o5i ea npHeyrcTBin; ohh Bcrajn h hobjioheihcb. 
PjTOVb uojspmeji'b noawiTB eft pysy. Oei ocranoBEJiCff nepe^B 
lel, a OHa, He nepen^Hflfl nosLi, oiBi^^ajia o^qiocjioxHUMH cjso- 
Bunr, CB roB B^^Hofi yjiu6B0fi, BOTopaa He noBHAa.ia ee xuce 
n li MHHyxEi, Bor^a ona 6K[.ia 6ojBHa. IIotom'b ona yicojBja h 
cb pasrliiHHinrB bhaomi» nor.iflj(£iBa;ia na ajjeio, no BoropoS Ba- 
Tucfl i^tzufi noTOBi dBHnaxefi. Ona, Boneqno, ydbacB sa^b, 
v^u BHfl^TB npofeaaiomifl jho^tb. PyroH'B oioraejrB otb nea. 

Me»;cy rtikTB, PycROHH CHOBa yc^jica sa CBoe ^opienBaHO 
I no;(6Hpajix BaByio-TO apito^ tqxohbbo nepe6Hpafl Bjaenmn n na- 
fffaaa BHOJiroJioca no-HTa.iBflHCBB. Jla-PyBeii o({MaxHBajca njai- 
ioitb; EjopHHAa cb cepBgdHBTirB .iHi](OfirB npHHflJia npesnioK) nosy, 
a PyroHi, cpe^H HacrynHBinefl BHOsanno TnmnHH, nporyjiEBajca 
BsajCB H Bnepe^, norjfl;^iiBafl na crbnu. Faj^iepefl 6ujidL sarpo- 
xozxeaa caMUMn pasHootfpaBHUMH npeAMeraMH. PasHaa Me5eiB, 
iracLMeHHufi CTOJTB, mBa^, H^BOJBBO crojiovh, BHABBHyrux'B na 
cpejpiHy, o6pa80BaM n^jiufi jiafinpHHTB MaieBBBEXi Boppn^opoBi; 
Bi oxHoiTB EOBi^'6 TpoonqecBifl pacrema, sanHxaHHua bb yroxB, 
npHTBCHyTEia ApyrB bi ApysBt, neHa^iBHo yeaAajH, cb noHHsniEMH) 
seie&HUH jHCTBaMH, Hano^OBHHy yase sacoxmHHH; a na ^pyroiffB 
KOHi^ BajiajiacB By^a Bucoxmefi fjiehU) cpe^B BoropoS en^e mosho 
iiuo npHSHaiB pascBinaBmiaca pyBH h hope craTyB, BOTopyio 
KjopKHAa cj^nHJia bi oxawb npeBpacntift a^hb, Bor^a sax^jia 
terB xyxojRHHi^efi. Tojibbo netfojiBinoe npocrpaHCiBO dTofl BecBMa 
odnpHOft rajiJiepeH 6boo nycro h otfpasoBajio po^B He6oiiBaioro 
cwna CB AByMa AHBanaMH h ipena paspoBHeHmiMH CTyjBaMH. 

— Bh Moasere BypHTB, — cBaaajia KiopHHAa Pyrony. 

OffB OTBasajica, roBopa, ^T0 ne BypHTB. Ona se, He otfopa^H- 
xucB, saspHHaia: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



134 B^GTHHS'B SBPOIIH. 

— nieBajBfe PycKOHH, CBepHHie mh4 nanopocKy. Ilepess 
BaifH Ha 4>opTenBflBO jipjisiewh 6utb xa^aBfB. 

H noBa meBajiB^ x^jiaj'B nannpocBy, MOJi^anie bo8o6hobhiocb. 
PyroHx, ^(oca^a, tto BCTpiTHJTB Tast MHoro napo^yr, Bsaica sa 
mjiflny. Oh'b no^oineji'B oxHaRO b'b KiopHHX^, saBi he vb ^leirB ne 
($uBa^o — y ju6aK)n^ific)i. 

— Bh xorfcjH mh4 hto-to noEasaiB? — cnpocHjrB obpb. 

Ona He cpasy oxBiqaja, yr;iy6jieHHaa m» cBoe ^^o. Owh no- 

BTOpHXB: 

— ^t6 »e xaKoe bh xot4jih mh4 noKasaiB? 

— Ce(5a!— OTBiqaja ona. 

H cBasaja axo cbohmi noBejiHxejnbHuicB fojeocoitb, He meBe- 
jiflCb, CTOfl na cxojsi^, bi nos^ 6orHHH. Pyron^ saMHraa'B rjiasam, 
oxcxynHJii na marB n Me^^ieHHO norjUA^'^ Ha nee. Ona 6iua vh 
csMOWb jiibjrh BeJHBOJ^nHa, cb CBOHifB (JesyBopHsneHHLiM'L npo^H- 
jeiTB, cxpoflHofl meefi. Ho rjiaBHOfi ea. BpacoxoS 6ujn> i^apcTBeH* 
HHfl cxani. — Efl Bpyrjiufl pyKH h hofh RasaincB BuxoieHBiuoi 
h8:b MpaMopa. Ona onnpaaacB oahoA pyBOfl na JiyBi, cb cnoEOi- 
HuiTB BBAOM'B aHXEHHOfl 6orHHH, He 3a6oxflCB CBoefi naroxi, npe- 
SHpafl jm6oBh joojifiiy xozoAnafl, BiicoBOM^pHafl, 6e3CMepTHafl. 

— OieHB, OHCHB xopofflo, — HpotfopMoxaji'B PyroH'B, He 3Haa 
9x6 cBasaxB. 

J[%jLO FB xoMx, TTO OHa crfccHflja ero He^o;^BH»HocxBK) craxyi. 
Ona BasaiQCB xaBoS no6%AOHocHofi, xaBOft y^iasA^HHOfl bi CBoet 
BjaccH^ecBOfi Bpacox^, hxo ecjH6H oh'b nocM'iji'B, xo pacBpHXHBO- 
BajTb 6u ee, BaEi MpaMopnoe npoHSBeAenie, Bpacoxu Boxopam 
6hm He BHOJiHi noHaxHH ero 6yp»ya8HOMy Bsycy: ohi npe^o- 
lej'B 6u 6oz'be xoHByio xaaiK), Menie niBpoRifl 6e;ipa, 6ojFbe bh- 
coByH) rpy^B. Hoxomi eiiy BApyrB saxoi^jocB npHBOcnyxBCfl i» 
Hefi, H OH'B jipssRewb 6hjb oxoflxH, mro6u ne ycxynnxB BTOiiy 
seianiK). 

— Bh AOCxaxoHHo nBTJinxb^iich? — cnpocHJia KjopHH^a Bce cb 
xiM'B ase cepBesHHM-B H y6i»;(eHHHM'B BH;^OM'B: — ^o;^oa;^Hxe, botb 
BaiTB HHoe. 

H Bj^pyi-B npeBpaxHjacB hs'b Jl^iann fb Benepy. SasHHynB 
pyKH sa rojOBy, nojiy-onpoKHHyBniHCB nasafl-B, ona yjinCajiacB, 
HOjy-oxBpHB'B ry(5H, n Bxpyn CA'i^jiajacB KaR'B-(SH icHHiaxiopHie i 
ropasAO npEBjesaxejiiBH^e. 

Fr. EpaM6Hjija, GxaAepHHo h BncBapAH, He noBExaa Mpa^oft 

VHHH SarOBOpn^HBOBl, Cb CepBgdHHlTB BHXOITB SaXJOHajH Vb JA" 

fftmn. 

— BpaBo! 6paBo! 6paBo! 



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8XSHI pyr^H'B. 185 

JTa-Pyserb BuxoAHit hs'b ce6fl ors Bocxopra, nesxy t^mk 
xaVb FycKOHH) noAome;qiiift bi crojiy, hto6u noxaiB nanapocRy mo- 
joffift jsjkBjuoAy oeraHOBHJCfl vb BocxHn^eHiH) cjersa nosanHBafl 
roiOBoit. 

PyroffiE He CBasan HH^ero. Owb ch laKOfi cHJoft ciHCHyxB 
pysH, iTO najiLiMJ ero saxpycr^jiB. JlerBafl ;(posB iipo6&saja y 
Hero CTb saTHJOsa jsfl naroB'B. Owb ne Ayna^rB 6oiBine yxo- 
ffTby a ydbcfl Ha h^cto. Ho ona nepeniHEjia nosy, rpoMSO 
oAacBy H Bypnjia naimpocBy ci pasBflSHOCTBH) MyswHu. Ona ro- 
BopBja^ TTo oxoTHO HOHiJia 6u Ha ci^eHy; ^o ona Bce 6u ciyM^a 
jKpeAaTB: rH%B:E, h^shoctb, cthj^, HcnyPB, h o^hhm^ secTOirBy 
ojpEroft MHHoit Bupaasajia pasJinqHHe xapaKxepu. IIoToirB BxpyrB 
fiaaaia: 

— M-r PyroKB, xornxe, & npeAcraBjrao, KaK-B bh roBopnre vh 

n, BiinpflMHBniHCL, Bca noAaiacB BnepeAi>, xasejo xHina, csh- 
nag syjaBH, cb xasofi sa^aBHOfi hhmhboS, HTaBOtf npaBAHBOfi, ne- 
CMorpfl Ha jerBifi ott6hob% BappHBaiypu, ^to bc^ noBaiEJECB co 
CM^xy. PyroHB cM^fljicfl BaBi pe6eH0B'B; oh^ HaxoxnjrB ee oiapo^ 
BaiejiBHOft, TOHBOfi nrryBOfi, 6i;i;oBofi x'^BymBOtf. 

— KiopHHAa, KiopHHAa,— 6opMOTajrB JlyH^SE, cjrerBa yxapaa 
HOXcraBBofi nojiB^eprb. 

Ona TaBi^ meBeJHiacb, qio om> ne mofb 6ojBme patfoiaxB, h, 
BHnycTHFB BHCXB, pacxHpajTB BpacBE CB npHjosifiBrM'B BHAOH'B y^e- 
HHBa. Owb offlwb He yju6ajicfl cpe^H Bceo6n^aro xoxoxa, ornen- 
muiH raasaHH TJSijijbxh na MO^OAyK) A^BymBy n Cpocajii cBHpi- 
nse BSTMji^ na Mysqnn'B, cb boxophmh ona myxn^a. Ohb cairB 
HatWyicaxcfl cpncoBaxB ee wb bocxiom']^ Ji^aHH, o Boxopom xojibo- 

BaJTB BeCB napE2B:B CO BpeMOHH HOCJ^AHflTO 6aja B^ nOCOACXB^. 

dlyHAXH nasuBan ce(Sfl efl Bysenoirb, noxoMy ^xo ohh poahjihcb 

Vb OAHOfi JJOUKby BO $JOpeHI^H. 

— KlOpHHAa! nOBTOpHJl'B OHX rnfaHHlTB XOHOITB. 

— JlyHASH npas-B, — cBasajia ona. — Bh cobc^icb HeCiaropas- 
yMHH, rocnoAa; mynHxe Eopb snaerB BaB'B... Ey^eifB pa6oxai3>* 

n cHOBa npEHflaa cboio ojiHKnificByia nosy; cnoBa npeBpaxHJiacB 
vb npeBpacHyio, HpaMopnyH) cxaxyio. Focxh sanepjiH na u!bci% 
lavB o^apoBaHHiie. Oahh'b Jla-PyBerB xhxohbbo BHdnBajii xaBxi 
sa pyHB:^ Bpecsa. PyroHi, npncjiOHHBmHCB coHHofi bb Bpecjy, 
Tugbjtb na EiopHHAy, Bnaxftfl Majo-no-Haj[y bx daxyicuBOCXB; 
xoaoAafl A'^yniBa Bce pocja vb ero rjiasaxx. A b^ab XHxpax 
nnyBa, BOO^H^e rOBopa, ^eH^^[Ha! HnBorAa ne npnxoAHJo eny rb 
rojOBy HsynaxB ee. Ohb HanHnajTB AoraAHBaxBCfl, hxo a^jo BOBce 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



136 b^cthuci iBPonn. 

He TaK-B npocTO, Kara eMy KasaiocB. Ha okbj MHHyry eny awer- 
jiHBO npeAcrasHJOCB iforyn^ecTBo axEXi voxarb lue^i, cnoco^HHTB 
noBOjetfaiB mpb. KiopHHxa fb ero OTyManeHHiixi r jasarB see po- 
cjLhy KBL pocja, sacTHjaa nox^ Bonei^ Bce orho cbohmb 6K)CT0irB 
reraHTCsoft craiyH. Ho oh'b MHPHyji'B rjiasanH h namejTB ee ropasxo 
HHse ce6fl pocroiTB, xotb ona h crojua na ctoj%. Torxa owb yjiti6- 
Hyjscfl; OH^ MorB 6uy ecjn6u 3axoTi;jrB, beic^u ee, BavB A^BHOHsy, 
H oqeHB y;^BHJicfl, ^to OAHy MHHyry sasi-tfu Hcnyrajcfl ea. 

Me2KAy liiTB, na Apyrom BOH^£ rajuepen cjumajca Jiersift 
myiTB rojocoBi. PyroHi npHCJiymajcfl no npHBti^s^, no yciumajTE 
jfflmB TopoHJHByK) HxajBflHCByK) tfoJiTOBHH). PycROHH, npo^paBHiiftcs 
Bx dTO BpeMfl CBB08B jiafiHpHHrB MetfejH, onnpajioi o^^noft pysoS ea 
cnHHsy Bpecja rpa^^nnn n, no^iTHxejiBHo HasjiOHHBniHCB s'b Heft, no- 
BHAHMOBcy, coo6n^a2^ eft o KaROMB-ro Kbxk onenB otfcroflraiBHO. 
Fpa^HHfl AOBOJBCTBOBajiacB KHBKaMH TOJiOBu. Pasi OAHaso ona pisBO 
noBanajia ro^OBofi, kb snaRfB HeoAo6peHia, no menajB^, HarnyBmHCb 
en^e CHJiBH'ie, ycnoBOHJi'B ee cbohm'b ni^ByqHirb rojocoirB, HanoMH- 
HaBHiHirB mederame ^TH^u. PyroffB, 6jaroAapfl snaKOMCTBy Ch 
npoBaHcajBCBHMB Hap^^ieiTB, pa3o($pajrB naBOHeiv^ H^csonso ciobb, 
BOTopHfl saciaBHiH ero HacymrrBCfl; p^qB nijia o5b HTajBflHCsoifB 
Bopoji^, KaBypt, o xafiHoirB CBHAaniH, Roropoe hofjo cocroaTBCS 
Mes^y atHiffB rocyxapcTBeHHBiM'B qejoetROM'B e HMnepaxopoirB. 

— Maifama, — saRpHnaja B^pyrB EjiopHExa, — noBasBiBaaa jih 
TH meBajB^ BTCpamnioK) ^eneniy? 

— ^eneniy! — rpoMRO noBTopHJTB PycROHH. 

Fpa^^HHfl BUHyja hsi Rapnana naqRy nnceiTB h ^ojiro phjum^b 
Vh HEXi. HaROHei^'B noAftja eny o^eHB cMHruff bjo^or^ CHneS 6y- 
Mara. Owb npo6'&Raii ero rjiasaMH, h cx^jiajTB soctb yxHBjemi 
H ra'^Ba: 

— KaRx, — BaRpH^ajii ohi n(y-4>paHny8CRH, 8a6HBafl o npHcyr- 
CTByion^HX'B, — BH anajiH o(5b btomi yase B^iepa! Ho a caMi tojibko 
ceroAHa HOJiyHHJB bto nsBicrie. 

KjiopHHAa sajrajiacB 3bohrhmi» cm^xomi, ht6 OROH^aiejiBHO pas- 
cepApjo ero. 

— H bu, rpa^^EHH, sacxaBjaere Mena fb noApo($HocTH pas- 
csasuBaTB bck) Hcropiio, tohho oHa BaMi neHSF^CTHa!.. Hy, xopomo 
se, eciH i^empB nocojiBCTBa sa^cb, to a 6yAy RasAuft a^hb npH- 
XOAHTB ciOAa qexaTB cboio RoppecnoHAOHi^iK). 

rpa^ena yjiugasacB. Ona e^e nopuaacB fb nncBMaxi h ffiM 
eMy npo^ecTB oaho. Ha ftoti pasi owl oRasajica otohb aoboib- 
HiDTB, h THxaa ($ec%A& B03o6HOBHjacB. R'B HOMy BepnyjiacB hoith- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dSEHi pyroH'B. 137 

fcoHaa yi£i6sa. IIpoiitaflCB cb rpa^HHeil, owb uou^MBajrh y 
nei pyKj. 

— Hy BOTE, cepBesHiifl fffijia bc6 noKOH^eHH, — nporoBopnji 
on Bnojrojioca, cnoaa ycasRHBaflCB sa <{K>pTeiiBflHo, n 8a6apa5a- 
Hin yxajofl lanei^, CuBunA vh 6oJiBinofl moa^ fb toitb rox^. 
nofioiTB B^^pyrB, BsrjiflHyBx na ?acH, no(Si&sa;ii sa nuflnoft. 

— Bh yxosHie?— cnpocMa KjopHHAa. 

O&a noAOdsajia ero pyBOft^ onepjiacB na ero me^o n menrajia 
CMj ^TO-TO Ha yxo. OffB Kanaj-B roJOBoft, CMincB, h npotfop- 

— ^y^ecHO, TjTflecHO... 5 namiray aio ly^a. 

H BHmejTB, pacBJiaHflBmHCB cb o6iitecTBOM'B. JlyHj^se no;qifljrB 
SjopHH;^, npHC^^BoiyH) - 6tiJio Ha c^rojvk. Jifljimuo 6uThy uonovb 
donasefi, RarHBrnnxcfl no ajjei, yroMBj'B rpa^HHio, noTOicy ^o 
ooa AepHyja 3a py^sy ROJOROJiB^HBa, Haxo^HBrnarocs nodaAH nea, 
urb TOiBRO noxepfljia hsi BH^y Byna meBajB^, ncHesHyBinaro vb 
kojA JUHA^y BosBpan^aBDiBxcfl BS'B « JI%ca». B'B EOMHaiy narjio BomeJVh 
jBset CB JiHi^oirB 6aH;^Ta. Fpa^^HHa onepjiacB na ero pyKy h mo- 
XieHHO nepenua ^epesi^ bcio BOMHaiy memo MysqHH^, bcbo^hb- 
oiBTB Cb M^cra H pacBJiaHHBaBmHxcfl cb nefi. Ona cb yjiH^soS kh- 
Bam TOiOBoft, HOTOMi na noport o6epHyjacB n cBasajia Rio- 

pflHXfc 

y MOHE MHrpeHB, fl JISVJ. 

— ^jaMHHio^ — saKpH^ajia MOJiosaa ;^4ByraEa jiaKeio, KOToptifi 
jBoxHJirB ea MaiB,— nojioaHie eft b^ hofb ropaqifi yTionb! 

Tpoe HOaHTB^ecRHX'B BBixoAi^a He ca;i;HJiH€B. Ohb hoctojijih cb 
MHByry, BSTflHyBmncB bo ^^ponnb, AOBanqEBaa cboh CHrapu, koto- 
pui (^>0€HJH 3a Ky?y (^ rjHHofi, e, npoMapniHpoBaB^ memo Kjio- 

PHHXBI, BinnjIE OffiWb 3a ApyrHM'B. 

— Boae Mofl! — roBopBiPB JIa-PyKerB, saTiaBraift cepBgSHyK) 6e- 
ctjQT CB PyroHOiCB, — a ohohb xoporao snaio, hto BonpocB o caxap- 

HOITE npOESBOXCTB^ O^IOHB BaSOHB. TyTB fjbjlO EABTb I^^Ofi OT- 

pacjH 4^paHi](y3CKofi npoMumjeHHOCTE. Eixa bi> toitb, ?to bi na- 
ixAy sasercfl, hebto ne mymiurb aioro Bonpoca ocHOBaTejBHo. « 

PyrOHl, BOTOpOMy OWb ESiHOin>, OTB^qaj'B OAHEME BEBBaiCE 

miOBU. MoJOAOfi AenyrarB noAOABEHyjca 6jrase e npoAOJiaiaj'B, cb 
BanycBHOft BasHOCTBio na CBoeifB BysojiBHOMi je^eb^: 

— y MeHa ecTB sawj caxapHHtt saBos^EBi. y nero ojehb 
18% (SoraiiftniHXi^ saBOXOBB kb MapcejiE. Hy, botb a e npoBe^^B y 
weto Tps irbcfli^a. Co^Epaji'B cnpaBBE, o! mhofo cnpaBOBi. E 6ec%- 
jtoun CB pa6oTHEBaHE, BHEBajx B% Kbso... noBEMaere... a co6h- 
paica roBopHTB 06% btoitb bx najiaii... 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



138 BWSBEXb iBPonn. 

Owb pHCOBajicji nepeA'B VyvoEOWhy crapaflCB hso bc6x'b olfl 
roBopHTB CL HSMi o&b eAHHCTBeBHHX'B Ben^axi, BOTopiifl, no ero 

MH^HiH), AOJUKHU CuSB BVO SaHHMaTB, H SeJafl, SpOM^ TOrO, SaiBETb 

ce6sL FB ero r^asaxx cojiHAHinrb noxwnmecjam'b ;i;'6flTej[eirB. 

— Ho He roBopHJiH,— nepe6n^a KiopHHxa, Boropoity noBsp- 
MOMy, npHcyrcTBie Jla-PyKera 6hjo ^toca^HO. 

— H4rB, He roBopHji'B, — oxBiqaji owb nporasHO,— a ctcib 
sa jcy^niee ne fobophtb... B'b noCvi^AHifi MOMenxB s. no6oucfl, "m 
ip^^pH MOH HeAOcraioroo tohhu. 

PyroH-B jiOVMjsibjii> euy npano vh rjiasa, cepBgsHO npOHBHeca: 

— HsB^^CTHa jih BaiTB i^n^pa bjcsobi caxapa, Boxopiifi no- 
rjioutaercfl bi aghb fb «Caf6 Anglais»? 

JIa-PyKeiTB na MBHyxy oropon'feji'B h BUTapan^HjTB riasa. Uo- 

TOlfB SaJSHJlCfl XOXOTOMi: 

— Ax-b! EaRB MHJo! oneHB mhjo! — saKpn^ajrB ohi. — IIohh- 
MBJOj Bii myTHTe... Ho 8to BonpocB o caxap^, a n roBopBO o bo- 
npoci caxapnaro npoHSBO^CTBa... O^enB mhjio! Bu mh^ nosBOjrare 
noBTopHTB Bamy ocipory, ne ^paBJ^a jih? 

Om> npuraji'B otb yxoBo^BCTBia na specjii. Ki neiiy Bepny- 
jiacB ero 6e33a6oTHafl ^^HsioHOMia; oh'b nonyBCTBOBajii ce6fl bb cBoeS 
TapejiBfb E nepemeji'B vb nrpHBuifB aneRAOTaMi. Ho KjopiHAa 
npHHHJiacB ;q)a3HHTB ero senni^HHaMH. Ona ohhtb BH;^a ero 
TperBjiro aha fb Teaip^ «Yari6t^s» ch MajieHBROit 6jiohabhso&, o^enB 
desotfpasHofi n BSxepomeHHofi, tohho MOCBBa. Cna^aia ohb omH- 
pajicn, ho noTOiTB, saA'^^Tufi sa SHBoe ^xshmh HacM^oiBaMH Rio- 
pHHAu HaA> «Maji[eHBBOft M0CBK0fl», Bume^'B Hdi ce6fl h crajiB sa- 
n^HH^aTB dry A&My, roBopn, ^to ona o^ohb npnjm^HfA ocofia i 
BOBce He xaBan neBpacHBan: h crajii TOJBOBaiB o&h en Boiocax^ 
xaziH, Hoc^. KiopHHAa 6fiija 6e3sajiocTHa. H Jla-PyserB ne bh- 
lepn^iXy BCBOHHJiX} BpH^a: 

— Ona Mena »actb, npomafflre. 

EoFAa OH'B saTBopHJi'B ABepBy MOJiOAan A^nyniBa saxjonaia n 
laAomn cb TopseciBOirB, noBTopan ci xoxotoitb: 
• — ymejn! CB Bofoitb! 

H, cocEOHHFB CO CTOja, noA(ifeKaja KB Pyrony, KoxopoMy npo- 
Tanyiia 06% pyKH. Ona 6njia onenB jiacsoBa, o^enB npHBiuHBa cfb 
HHiTB H BBipaHLaja Aoca^y na to, hto owl Bacraii y nefl xasoe 
MHorojTOAHoe otfntecxBo. EaBHXi Tpy^OFB efi ctohjo oxA^JiaTBca otb 
Bcero BToro JHOAa! JIioah, npaBO, (JesToaKOBH! A yai Jla-PyKCTi 
CB cBOHSfB caxapoiTB npocTO nejiiiTbl Ho TenepB, Mosen 6iiTB, m 
Be noM^maiorB, h hmi mosho 6yAeTb hofobophtb no fjw/b. £t 
HysHO xaKi KHoro CBasaiB eny! FoBopa bto, ona 'noxBeia ero vh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BSKHi pyroHi. 139 

XDany. Oh% (AjvLj ne BHuycBafl ea py^b, sorxa JIjeksm nocry- 
un noAciaBBoft, noBTopafl pascepsenHUM'B lonoifB: 

— KiopHHAa! EjopHHAa! 

— Ax%! BorB Moft, a nopTperB-To!— CKasajia ona, cm^cl. 

H, BHpBaBnmcB y PyroHa, jiacBOBo nepernyjiacB nepesib njieno 
siBOinicivi. 0! Bas^ mhjio owh pHcyert! noprperB 6jKem> oneRh 
jjmeETh. Ho, BB caMOM'B AijA^ ona HeMHoro ycraja n npocHTB no- 
sBoieeiH OTAOxnyrB cb ^ersepTB naca. A noxa owb MoserB pHco- 
Bn» locnoifB) f£ab aia KocriOHa ona He Hy^ea eny. JlyHAsn 
fipoon cepAHTue Bsopn na Pyrona h 6opMOTajarB ^tto-to cb Aoca- 
xoi. Tor^a ona cBasajara euj ^to-to CBoporoBopsoS no-HxajiBflHCBH, 
BimypHBrB 6poBH, HO He nepecraBafl yjnitfaxBca. Ohb yMOJisB 
I CHOBa B3fljicfl sa BHCTB yqeHHiecKOfi pyxofi. 

— Ji He Jiry, — npojoaasaja ona, yca»HBaacB Bosjii Pyrona, 
— y MeHfl coBciM'B oH'^M&ia j'J^Bafl Hora. 

H noxjona^a ce6fl no Aihoi Hor^, ^10621 BOscTanoBHTB xpo- 
ioo6pa]i(eHie, roBopH^a ona. Crbosb rasi bhahu posoBUfl Bojlnn. 
Ona coBdkicB sa^uja npo cboh) naroiy, nas-iOHflJiacB si Pyrony, 
CB cepBesHHiTB jiEUfiwhj i^panafl CBoe habho TOJicrufi ipaxrh 
ero naaBTo. 

Ho BxpyrB nyroBEi^a, na Roropyio ona naiKHyjiacB, sacraBHja 
ee BsxporHyiB. Ona norjAA'^a na ce62 n onenB nospacHi^^a. H 
oxaBiTB npusfioifB Ha6pocHJiacB na bjohokb ^epnaro BpyseBa h 
sasyraiacB bb nero. 

— a 03fl6ia,— otiBflCHHja ona, ycaatHsaacB HanpoTHBB Py- 
roBa KB Bpecjio, Boropoe noABaxHja. 

HffB-noAB BpyseBa bhah'Ijhcb tojibbo bhcth est pysi. Ona 
o6epHyja spyseno BOBpyrB men, to^ho rpoMaxHufl rajciyxB, h 
ymia bb kero cb noA^opoABom. JIhi^o en cnoBa crajo 6ji%aho h 
cepBesHO. 

— Hy, ht6 laBoe cay^aiocB cb BanH? — cnpocHja ona. — Pas- 
ciasHTe MH^ Bce, otb sa^aja ao Boni^a. 

H npHHflJiacB pascnpaniHBaTB nocrnrmefi ero neMHJiocTn cb 
jfnepuei oxBpoBeHHocTBK). Ona b^a^ HHOcrpanBa, roBopnjia ona, 
I sacxaBjjua noBiopaTB ce6^ no Tpn pasa noApo($HO0rH, BOxopsixB, 
rowjwja, ona ho noHsiiaerB. IlepefiiiBajia ero BOCBJHuiaHiflMH na 
nanflHCBOiTb asBiBi, a bb efl BupaBBiejBHEix'B raasax'B ohb mohb 
umrB BOJiBeHie, BOstfysAaenoe ero pascBasoicBy BnesanHHfi HcnyPB, 
cosai^Biei paAOciB/ Sa^'iMi ohb pascopHJca cb HMnepaTopoMB? 
ttKB MorB ORB OTBadaxBCfl OTB xaBOFO BiicoBaro nocra? bto se 
ftuH ero BparH, ^xo ohb no8BOJUJi» hmb ho^^aqtb ceC^a? Q BorAa 
osB MOieCoJcs, oxB^TOXB efi, BorAa ona BunuxuBajia y Hero tto- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



140 B^GTHHK'b EBPOnH. 

HH6yAB TaRoe, ^ero owb ne xot^jtb ett roBopnrB, ona vjsxbjiik ea 
Hero cb lasofi npHB^TjHBoft ncBpeHHOCTBK), hto owl yBJieBaics n 
AOCBasuBajx ncropiK) jsfi BOHi^a. 6cEop'6 ona ysnaja, aojisho 6HTb, 
Bce, ^ sejiaxa sHaxb. Oea cA'&Jiaja en^e h^csojibbo BOnpocoBi, 
o^eBB OTAaieHHux'B OTB npeAMera pasroBopa, n nxi crpaHHOcrB no- 
pasBJia PyroHa. SaxtiTB, cjoshkb pysH, yMOjRjia. Oaa saspiijia 
oa3a. Ehtb MOserB, ona pasMiinLiuua. 

— Hy, ^0?— cnpocHj'B oetb, yjiH6aacB. 

— Hiraero, — npomenrajia ona,— bh Mena oropwjiH. 

Owb 6uA'b TpoHyrB, h xot^jb bsatb ea pysH, ho ona saiipx- . 
Ta.ia BTh KB BpysoBo, H HOJi^anie npo^OJisajiocB. MaHyru xb^ 
cnycTfl, OHa pacRpHja rjasa, roBopa: 

— Hxas'B, y BacB eciB njiaHH? 

Offb npBCiajBHo norjifl;^%XB na nee. Bi Hero saspi^tuBajocB 
noAoap^Hie. Ho ona Cuas. tslkl MHja vb Hacrofln^yio HHHyry, jiesa 

FB BpeCJiaX'B, B'B TOMHOfi HOS^, TO^HO HenpiflTHOCTH, HOCTBrimA 62 

«MHjiaro Apyra*, cobc*mi> pascrpoHJH ee, h ohb ne nowajca 
MHMOJieTHOMy nejOBipiio. Ona npHHfljacB ycep;(HO jbcthtb eny: 
Bone^HO, OHx He aojpo ocraHercs vh cTopoH*]^, h pano hjh nos^no 
BepHOTCfl B'B B.iacTH. Ona yB^pena, ?to owl nHraerB BejiHBie sa- 
HucjiEi • H B^pHTB FB CHOK) 3b£3;q^: 9T0 ^ETaeTCfl Ha ero Jiwajb. IIo- 
?eMy He BOSBicerB ohi ee bi cboh noB^pennue? Ona mBB cspoMHa: 
eft 6ujo 6u xaKB npiaiHO y^acTBOBaxB b^ ero HHTepecaxx! Pyroni, 
onBflH^jufi, jiOBHJ'B MajeHBBifl pyHBHy npflTaBmiflCfl vh BpyseBO, h 
roBopHj'B, MHOro roBopHJi, TaRfB HTO Bn6oJTajrB Bce: cboh njanH, 
CBOH Rhj^exm^ CBOH pascHeru. Ona 6ojiBme He noxsaj^opHBaja ero 
H npe^ocraBJifljia eMy roBopHTB, ne x^aa hh oxnoro secra, hsi 
<Joa8HH cnyrnyTB ero roBopjiHBOCTB. Ona BHHicaTe^BHO pascMarpH- 
Baja ero, Hsy^aja ero cb hofb xo fojobu, esy^ajia ero Hepen^, 
Hsirj^pfljia HJieiH, rpyxB. ^a, HecoMHinno, ohb 6wn> lejiOBtei 

€HJIBHB[fl, BOTOpufi OXHOK) pyBOIO MOFB BBBajEHTB eO Ce&k Ha ILie« 

H 6e3x yroMJieHia BsnecTH raa-B bhcobo, BaKi eft xori&aocB. 

— Ax'b! xoporott xpyrB, — BxpyrB nporoBopnjia ona. — fl hh- 
Borxa Vb BacB ne coMH^BajacB! 

Ona npHHOj^HfljacB, BuiflHyjia pyBH, h BpyaeBO CBaTHJiocb a 
uzBH'b. Ona TOHHO BUHupnyjia nsi BpyseBa cb rH^BiirB XBHxe- 
HieM'B B;iK)6jieHH0ft bohibh. Bce bto x^hjiocb oxho MrnoBeHie: t6 
6uj[dL BaBi-6H narpaxa h o6%ntaHie 6yxyii^aro CHacria x^ Pyrona. 
H pasB^ BpyseBO He Morao cano cocBOJiBSHyrB cb juerb. Ona 
yse HonpaBHja ero h Bp'^nne o($Bfl8ajia BOBpyrB men. 

— T-ci)!— nporoBopHjia ona,— JlynxaH BopwTB. 

H, HOxfitasaBi b-b atHBonnci^y, HarnyaacB bb ero nieiy h npo- 



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dXEKL pyroHi. 141 

iBemajia eny ^o-io na yxo. Vjrowh^ Kor^a ona oromjia otb Hero, 
npiHflics HSTL Bcefi MOHH xepeiB pyBH, pascrpoeHHiifi, no^m pas- 
cepseHHHff. Oetb MncjieHHO pyraji ee. Jt^BaAi^axHJiiTHHM'b iiajB- 
umioft He MOPB owh nocrynHTB rJiyn^. Ona BursiEjm h8% nero 
BCD upas;^} Kasi hstb pe6eHRa, a OB'S yace i^ijaiHx^ Asa icicai^t 
rajsiEO crapajicfl sacraBHTB ee iipo6ojiTaTBCfl. Ei crdnjLO tojibbo 
OTHSTb y Hero cboe pyRH, h oh% yBJieRca xo Toro, ^to Bce pas- 
GojiajTb efi, JutniB 6u ona eny hxi ohatb xAJia- TenepL acho, 
"RO ou yBJieBaerb ero: oea AomiTUBajiacB, ct6htb jih xpy^a Bcxpy- 
mm euj roJOBy. 

Pyrowb yjn^Hyjcfl, saxi waOBftrB, yB^peHHuft kb ce(JI. Oh^ 
cjourB ee, Korxa saxo^exi. Bi]sf> ona BananHBaerib ero? H ne* 
wciBiia mhcjih sapoHJHCB y nero bi tojob^; eiiy Mepen^mcfl o^- 
sA luaiHib, no soropoMy owh roroBHJiCfl cotfjasHHTB ee h hotomtb 
6pocaTh. Bi caifOifB xk^'k^ neysejie se eMy ORasaTBCfl vb Aypft- 
OTB nepe^C^ srofi KpacoxBofi, noRasfiBaBmefi eny cboh HieHH. 
OxHaso, OHi He 6iui yB^pen'B, ^to KpyseBO He caiio CBaTHJiocb 
7 Heft CB HjeHi. 

— PasB^ H Bu T02Ke CHHiaere moh rjasa dbpinm? — cnpocHJia 
SjopHHxa, noxxoAfl si^ neiiy. 

Oh^ Bcran H coBc^Mi 6im8so uovMjslkz'h eft b% rjiafta, ho 
fie ncraBHJi'B onycTHXB p^chhi^'b. noTOMi, ras'B BaRi owl nporn- 
reaaj'B pyKH, to ona cjierxa y^apHza ero no najiBi^aH'B. Eiiy ne* 
aa^bd AorporHBaTBCfl xo nea. Ona fiujia xenepB ohohb xojOAna, 
H BjrajiacB b'b cboh spyaseBHHH Tpflnsn (tb caaioft it&ioifyApeHHOft 

OyrJHBOCTBK). KaKB OHl HH HOAinyHHBajI'B HEA^B Hefty KSiKh HH 

jEparaajTB ee, crojibko hh nHiajCfl nacHiBHo noftMaiB ea pyxn, 
ona TOiBso SsHjacB chjbh^ h BcspHRHBajia, Ror^a owh cjerRa 
liorporHBajcfl jip Rpysesa. Ki Tony 2Ke, ona ne xoT&ia caAOTBca. 

— S Jtynme noxosy, — roBopHJa ona:— mh4 xoneica npo- 
ua hofh. 

TovfUBL OHi HomexB 8a neio, h ohh hphhajihcb xoxhtb Bsa^i h 
Bo^X^ no ROMHarl. Owb nonHxajcfl, fb cboh) o^epe^B, sacraBHTB 
ee pasroBopHTBCfl. 06iiEHOBeHHo ona ne OTB^^aja na Bonpocu. 
Oia (joaraia 6e8i TOJRy, nepecRaRHBaa otb o^hofo npexMera kb 
xpjTOJtjy npHnyniBajia pasnua Hcropin, ne mjiymm vb xbsj h ro- 
lopiixB HBBorAa ne AORannHBajsa. Owb Ha?ajrB-6tiJ[o miraTB ee 
BiCTerB AByxHe;^jiBHOft no^texRH Ry^a-TO, Roropyio ona coBepmn^a 
n nponuoiTB wbcsuj,% ch MaTepBio; a ona npHHJUiacB pascRasBiBaxB 
ay Ky^y aneRXOxoFB Bootin^e o cbohx'b nyTemecTBuixi. Ona bosa^ 
6iiBaja: Bib AnraiE, kb HcnaHiH, vh FepMamH; Bcero nacMOipi- 
iacB. nocBinascfl nixsA rpa^x nom.iux'B saM^Hanift o uBmjb^ o 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



142 BSOTHffK'b SBPOnH. 

MOxax'B, noro;^. HnorAa ona Ha^HHajia pascRas^, fb EoropoirE 
6ujia A^fiCTByion^HirE jiHi^oifB) bm^t^ Ch hsb^cthume smMOcrsMWy 
BOTopux'B HasHBajia. Ho tojibko-^o PyroBTB naBocrpHTB ymn, 
oasHxas, ^TO boi*b ona, HaBOHei]tB, nporoBopirrcfl, mri pascBEsx 

06pUBajCfl HJIH BOHHaJCfl BaRHlTE-HHtfyA^ BBAOpOMl. B'B dTOTB ffeHB 

OH'B onflTB HH^ero He ysHaji. Ha jiini;^ y nefi nrpajia B^^naji 
yjiH6Ba, H eio ona nacBEpoBaja bc6 cboe ^yBCiBa. Ona ocraBajiacB 
HenpoHHi^aeHOfi, HeCMOTpa na orjynmTejiBHyfo 6ojrroBHH). PyroH^ 

c6HTUfi Cb TOJSy Hejri&nHMH nOB^CIBOBaHiflMH, H8% KOTOpilXl OXHH 

npoTHBop^^EJH ApyruiTB, xepfljicfl vb AoraxBarb: bofo ohi bhahtb 
ne^Kh co6ofi: ABinaOTaTHji'iTHiOH) ff^B^OHBy, HaHBHyio jo rjynocTH, 
mm npoHupjHByio senn^HHy, ^jia BoropoS naHBHOCTB cjiysirrB 

TOJIBBO JIH^HHOfi? 

RjiopHH^a ocraHOBHJiacB cpe^H pascBasa o npHBJiioqeHiH, cjiy- 
qrameMCfl cb neio bb offlowh ropojsjsA HcnamH, o tomb, bssx 
OHa npHHysj^eHa 6uja BocnojiBSOBaTBCfl jiiotfesHOCTBio o^Horo nyie- 
mecTBeHHHBa, ycrynHBmaro efi cbok) BpoBaxB n HoneBaBinaro 
KB Tofi se BOMHar]^ Ha cryjii. 

— He 43;^HTe bb TiojiBepn, — nporosopHJia ona B;q)yrB, 6esrb 
BCflBaro nepexo^a. — Ha^o, wro6u laicB nonyBCTBOBaiE nanie 
OTcyxcAie. 

— OqeHB 6iaroAapeH^, mademoiselle MaBBiaBejuiE,— OTsiqan 
PyroHB, CMiacB. 

Ona sacM^JiacB rpoM^e ero, ho, rbwb ne uewie, npo^ojisaia 
xaBaTB eMy oriE^niie cob^tu. H xaBB BaBB ohb Bce en^e nsxajiCE 
BSflTB ee sa pyBy, ona pascepxEjacB, saBpEqajia, qTO nejiBSfl cb 
HEMB cepBesHO HoroBopETB ^ByxB MBHyTB cpa;^y• «AxrB! ecjniG^B 
ona 6ujih HysHEHofi! ysB ona CByic^jia 6a npo6ETB cetit Aopory! 
MysHEHu xaBB 6e3pa8cyAHu!» 

— Hy-Ba, pascBasHTe mh* Hcropiio BanmxB Apyseft, — npoHS* 
Hecja ona, ycasEBaacB na Bpaio crojia, Mesxy t^mb BaBB PyroBB 
ocraHOBEJCE nepeA^ Hell. 

JIyEA2BE, He cnycBasmifl cb hexb rjasB, cb cejeoS saxjioimyiB 
fln^EBB CB BpacBaicE. 

— SL yxo»y, — o^BaBEiB ohb. 

Ho Rj[opEH;ta no6&Baj[a sa hemb e Bepnyjia ero, 6osacB, 
qio TorqacB srb Haqnen nosEpoBaxB. Ona, jsfljLXMO (Siitb, 6oEJiacB 
ocraBaxBCfl o^na cb PyronoMB. H xaBB BaBB JlyE^^sE ycrynEJPB, to 
nocxapajiacB BBEra^axB Bpeiu. 

— Bfii nosBO^iExe mh^ nosaBxpaBaxB. i& xaBB rojiOAHa. O! 
TOJiEBBO Byco^eBB xji^i^a! 

OHa oxBpHJia ABepB, BpEu: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asEffb pyroH^. 143 

— AHTOHifl! Ahtohw! 

H OTAajia efl npHKasanie no-irrajiBflHCKH. Ona xojbi^o-^To ydb- 
na Ha KpaH> crojia^ n&vh Bonua AHTOHia, jifipsRS. na xasAOfi 
tn CBOHX'B pacBpiiTuxi jtaxoHei TaprHHRy cb nacjoirb. Cjy- 
BftHKa npoTflHyjia efl hxi tohho na uoahoc^, ci AJpai^^HM'B cm^- 
xom 3Bipfl, KOToparo meKo^yrB sa yxoicB, cirifexoirB, ora koto- 
piro KpacHiift poTB Ha ea ^epHofl post pasABHrajCfl ao caMux'B 
jBKt. noToiTB ymjia, Biirnpaji pyBH o&h ik)6kj. KjiopHHxa no- 
^BtM ee H Bei'ijia npHnecTH cTaKaHi bo^h. 

— XoTHxe, fl uofikiroch chjghME? — npe^poanjia ona Py- 
FOBf. — Macjio Tasoe BxycHoe. IiHorAa a nocunaio ero caxapoifB. 
Ho Be cjribxyerB sa^nHqaTb. 

Ona x^flcTBHrejiBHo ne 6HJia sa^Ha. PyroHB sacTai'B ee 
n oxHo npespacHoe yrpo saBTpaRaBmeS BycBOifB xojOAHOfi shh- 
HD^, ocraBmeScfl otb BMepaniHflro ahh. Owl no^^osp^BaiHy ^to 
oea csyu^Lj BaB'B MBom HiajiLflHBH. 

— TpH MHHyTH Bcero, JIyHA»H! — saBpn^ajia ona, npHHH- 
nacb sa nepBys) xapxnHBy. 

H, o6pantaflCB CHOBa b-b Pyrony, Bce en;e croaBmeMy nepe;^^ 
BeB, cnpocHJia: 

— Hy BOTB, BaB'B, nanpHM^P'B, Basaa ero ncropia? * Baai 
on cx^uca AenyraxoMi? 

PyroHB yAOBjexBOpHjTB bthhi HOBBnrB pascnpocaM'B, Bce en^e 
uu^cB BUTflHyTB HSTB Hefl BaBoe-HH6y;(B npEsnaHie. Ohi snajTB, 
Y10 ee oneHB HHrepecoBaja qysaa shbhb, ^to ona jiK)6HJia 
oueTHH, H sa^o cjrbflfljidi sa bc^mh cjoshumh HHTpnraMH, 6e8* 
ipecraHHO saBflsiiBaBmi^ca fb toA cpe;^^, r^^ ona Bpa^ajiacB. 
Ee HHTepecoBajia sapBepa pasnux^B cqacTjmBiiX'B npoxoAEMi^eBB. 

— 0! — OTBfi^aj'B owby ciri&acB, — Ean'B po^HJica ;^e^yTaTOl^B! 
y aero jipjutiEO 6irn> h 3y6n npop%3ajiHCB na CBaMBax'B najaiu. 
npH JlyH-^H^HHn^ OHB yse sac^xa.^ fb npaBOM'B i^eHTpb h 
HOwepsHBajTB BOHcnnyiiioHHyK) Monapxiio cb lOHomecBHMib aca- 
poKiB. UocjA 1848 ro^a owh nepemeji'B fb Ji^Buft i^eHrp-B, ne 
lepflfl npesHsro niijia. Owh Hanncaa^ pecny6jinBaHCBiS chmbojtb 
tipa BOSBHmeHHioTB cJoroMi. Bi Hacroan^ee Bpena owb Bep- 
wfxsL vh npaBOHy i^enrpy h crpacTHO san^Hn^aerB HicnepiK)... 
B& cjnsflOCiE, owh cuwb oxHoro eBpeScsaro 6aHBHpa fb BopAO, 
waAen tfonmie daBO^ii 6jih8% EpeccioHpa, Hstfpaji'B ce6i cne- 
mjoHOCTBi) 4^HHaHC0B&ie H HpoMEimjieHHHe BonpocBT, sHBerB xo- 
KiibHo HHsepHO FB osHAamH 6oraTCTBa, soropoe nasHBerB co Bpe- 
■eaoffB; owb 6iurB npoHSBexennb fb saBajiepH 15-ro nponuraro 
ttrjrcia... 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



144 B^GTHHB'b SBPODH. 

H Vyvowb crapajtcfl npHnoMHHTB emfi HT0-HH6yxB, lomui 
rjasaicQ. 

— Si Hiraero Kaaterca He nponycTHJTB... H4rB, y nero Hftn 
xiieft... 

— Easx! OHi senavB? — BCBpH^aja RjiopHHAa, h cxi^nua 
asecrb, BupasaBmiff, ^T0 EaffB ee Cosbme He HHrepecyerB. — Osb 
XHTpei^'B; HHEorxa ne noBasuBaen senH. Tor^a Vyvowh oOiACsan 
eAy HTO m-me Kani sHBerB bi> IlapHsi oneHB yeAHHeHHO. IIo- 
TOMi, He xoKHAaflCB A&uH^ttmHX'B pascnpocoBi, npoxoJusajrB. 

— XoTHie TenepB Ciorpa^^u^ Eeasyana? 

— Hira, Htrt! — OTB^qajwrMOJiOAaa A'^Bymxa. 
Ho OHx npoAOJisajTB i^icb ne Mee^: 

— Owh BumejrB esi nojEmexHSHecBofl mBOJni. IlHcajTB 6po- 
nnapu, BOiopiixi hhbto ne HHiaji. Y Hero xpycrajBHufi saaox^ 
Bi CeHL-$jopaHb, kb rpexi jibS otb Eypaca... Ero BUBejTB nmf^ 
UlepcBifi npe4)eBi^. 

— Jifi saMOjHHTe ae! — saBpHnajia ona. 

— IIoHTeHHufl qeJOB^Bi, Bcer^a BOTspyerB sa npaBoe x^o^ 
Hnxorxa ne myrHrB, o^enB Tepn^JurBi, sxex^y HTo6n o hcms 
BcnoMHHjra, n Bcerxa cmotphitb BaicB bi oasa^ qrotfn bei ero He 
satfujib... A BuxjronoTaj'B eny opxeni... 

Ona saspiiJia eny porB pyBOK), cepAflCB h roBops: 

— 3xx! Aft B^XB H oHi Tose senarb! H BOBce ne sadaBeHi... 
SL BHA'^ja ero seny y BacB; nacTOflii^afl Bonna.*. Ona npHuainaia 
MeHfl npiixaiB b^ hemi na saBox^ bi Eypsi. 

KjiopHHAa A&kiSi nepByK) xapTHHBy h sainiJia boaoS. Honi ei 

BHC^JIH) H, ntocOJIBBO COrHyBHIHCB H OTBHHyto rOJOBy naS^AB, 0H« 

MamHHaflBHO pacBawBaaa hmh, a Pyroni cj^AnxB sa .hx% xip* 
HHiTB pacBa^HBaHieiTB. IIpH BasAOiTB o6opoT^, HBpH Hanpflrajma 
noAB rasoM^. 

' — A wHyasJi,? — cnpocHJia ona, nocji^ MimyTHaro kw^ 
qanifl. 

— Jip-UyH&k 6ujFb noffipe^eBTOicB, — OTBt^ajTB okb. 
Ona norjuiA^jia na nero, ahbacb BpaxBocTH laBoro pascsasa. 

— a 3HaK), — OTBi'iajia ona. — A hotomi? 

— noTOM'B CyjifiTh Borsa-HHfiyAB npe^eBroMi h CMy WW™ 
opAeHx. 

Ona noHfljia, ^to oh% ne xo^en roBopHiB noApo^H^ R'b wtf 
se, OHa laBx^ bcbojbbb, npoHsnecaa hma AH>-nya8it. 3aT&rb ona Ha^^ 
ja nepec^HTHBaTB bthxi fochoab no najiBi^airB h ((opMoraia: 

— A'dcBopafijB: 8T0TB He HaAeaseH'B, — jao6BTb BchTh seHi 



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nxffb pyroHi. 145 

^iffE... JIa-PyxerB: hh^toshoctb, sl ero cjwnnsiowb xc^omo snaio... 
Soi(Sej[6: bote oiurrB senaTuft... 

Qna ocraHOBHjacBy He HaxoAS Conme nsBoro, h Pyroni, cna- 
HA eS, npEcranno vMffi aa nee: 

— Bii 8a6siBaeTe jS^ejiecraHa? 

— Bama upasxit! — aaspHMajn. ona. — PascKasHxe mh^ npo 

« — dro BpacHBuft MjaKHEHa, — npoAOiacajTs ohi, He cnycBaa ci 
Hei Tiaarb. — Ohx o^enB 6oraTB. Ascerxa npeACRasiiBaji'B eiiy bbjih- 

Qffb npoAOJsaji'B na ary Tany, npeyBejiHHHBafl noxBajiii, 
jj^iBaji ip^^pH. 06pa3i^0Bafl <j[^pMa bi maicax^ crdHrB ^Ba mhj[- 
jioia* J|,ejecTaffb 6yxeTB, sone^HO, mhhhctpoih co-BpeMeneicB. 

Ho OHa npespHTejBHo cjiosHja tj6u. 

— Okb oieHB rjiyn^, — npoHSHecjia ona naKOHe^B. 

— ^T6 x^aTLl — OTBi^aji'B PyroBTB ct lOHKoft ycM^niBOit. 
Owh Kssajcfl vh BOCToprt otb BfircBasaHnaro eio MH^Hm, h ohh 

o(Sa anesh mhofo cm^^hcb. IIoTOirB B^pyrB ona cA'^aja eny ho- 
HHi BonpocB, Bi CBOB) o^epe^B npHcxajiBHO TJisjm na Hero. 

— Bh, xojukho 6htb, xopomo SHaere Ae-MapcE? 

— ^a, »j MH xopomo sHaeMi spynb spyra, — OTB^najn okl, 
Be atymfiBChj a CKopie saOaBjiflflCB ea BonpocoirB. 

Ho BApyr^ npHHflji'B cepBe3HyH> MHHy. Owh oiosBaiCfl o jifi- 
MqicH ch 6ojn>mHMi ^yBCXBOifB co(5cTBeHHaro AOcroHHCTBa h 6eB- 
npiCTpacrieirB. 

— 3ro HpesBBinattHO yMHiift nejiOB^^, — o(5xacHMi ohb. — SI 
ropxycB, ^TO ovh uwb BparB... Owh 6pajcfl sa Bce. Jlfi&m^TBr 

sirh owb 6uAT> hojibobhhbom'b. IIosAH^e ynpaBJiajTB 6aiB- 
saBOAOMi*. noTOMi, noo^epexHO, sannHajcfl seMJeA^eirB^ 
^■BaHcaMH, ToproBjiefi. y^Tpssyrh A&se, tiyxxooHi pncoBaxB nop- 
Tpem H jmawh ponaHH. 

SiopHHAa no8a6iiJia npo TaprnHicy h cBA^a, saAyn^uiBafl. 

— & pasroBapHBaja cb hhm'b naiieAHH, — nporoBopEJUi ona 
BBOiroioca. — Oh^b o^enB npHJinneHB... BopojieBCKOfi spoBH. 

— Ha MoflBBMflffB,— npoAOJMKajTBPyroHi, — yMi eMyBpeflHra^ 
y MeHi HHOft BsrjiaA^ na enjiy. H cjumajTB otb Hero BajaHtfypH^ 
TorffL BavB A^o 61L10 cepBesHOe. KasB 611 to hh 6£ijio, eny no- 

ORB i^apcTByerB ctojbko se^ cbojbbo h cairB HMnepaxop^. 

He8asoHHoposA6HHH]CB Bcer^a Besen!.. ho Tr6 y nero co- 
cxanuen dnraHoe, HeovBeiueMoe aoctohhctbo, laiCB aro CHJiLnax 
ffWk, pyu sei'lsHafl) CM&iafl, pimHTejBHafl, h npn btomi icajeHB- 
m H Bdinpafl. 

Tom I. — Hhbapb, 1876. 10 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



14& Bwnanffb ibpodh. 

Moioxaa A^BymKa HesojiLHo onycTHja rjasa he (SoiBniiA pyKH 
PyroHa. Owh 3aM%THjn> bto h npoHSHeci ci yjoidKotl. 

— 0! y Mena jianH, — He npaBxa mm? Bon noneiiy mu bekofxe 
He MorjH CTOJEOBaiBCfl (TB A^-MapcH. OHUio($erao pisei^ jnoxeft, 
He naqRas ($^jiuxi> nep^aTORX. A xe hxi y6HBai) qpasy. 

Ohi cxAJTh RyjiaBH, orpoKHue KyMBH^ noBpurue BOxocaifH, e 
MaxajTB HMH, pa^yflCB, hto ohh lasie 6oj[Lniie. EjopHH^ npHHx- 
jiacB sa BTopyio laprEHBy, He buxoai nn sa^yiraiBOCTH. Haso- 
Hei^i OHa noAHAja tabm na Pyrona. 

— Hy, a BH?— cnpocHJia ona. 

— Bu xoTHTe, HTotfH fl pascBasajTB sairL cboh) HCiopiH>? — ata- 
sajTE OHB. — Hn^ero Hfeci .lerne. Ji^igb not ToprosajTB OBiuqaifH. S. 
AO xpHAi^aTfl-BOCLMH jAvb Bia^EXB 6esB%cTHoe cyn^ecTBOBame npo- 
BnHi^iaju»Haro aABOBaia. Bnepa en^e a 6fiijrb TeMHHtt HejMBisB. S. 
He HOAcraBjflj'B cnHHti, saBi Hanrb ApynB&HB, noM^paniBaa Bcb 
npaBHiexBCTBa. H ne BOcnHTHBaicfl, san Eeji^HB, bb nojH- 
lexHH^CBOfi mB0jr6. Y mbhh vbrh hh rpoicBaro HuenH x^Ro- 
pafijifl, HE RpacBBoft HapysHOCTH (iixHaro 'EUm6ei6. Y Meas Hfas 
BJiiflTejiBHoft poAHH, Ra^B y Jla^PyRera, Boropnt otfasaHi M^^don 
Aenyraia cecrpi, baob^ renepajia Jlopani^a) Tenepeomeft czaixrB-x^* 
Orei^'B He ocTaBHii mh4 nflTH-M&udoHBaro coeroaHifl, HasBraro 
BHHOToproBjefi. SI He poxHJicfl no Cjossocm Tpona^ saBB A^Mapci, 
H He BsipocB^ AepsacB sa io6kj yienoit senn^HHu h ocunaemd 
jiacRaMH Tajieftpana. H'&tb, a ^eJOB^KB hobhA, y xemi ecTB toabo 
ByiasH... 

n OHB xjBLonajTB By^aBanH, rpoMBO cii&icb h o6paip^ 
pasroBopi FB myxBy. Ho nps btomi BHnpflMHjicfl e to^ho 6 
pa^xaBJuiBajTB sanHH cbohmh cxaTHME najBqaME. KjropHHXpi 

XBH^UaCB fllTB. 

— S, Chjtb HyjieiTB, lenepB 6yjsj riwh, ifacB saxoT^, — 
AOJisajTB OFB, ysjesaflCB e pascysxaa 6ojiBme cb caiiHirB OD6ot. 
Si — CHja. n fl He Mory ne nosExaxB njeHtaiB, Borxa bA ohk m 
wfTh jvbpsTh FB CBO^ npexaHHOcni EMnepiH? PasBi ohk ee 
6aTh? pasBi OHE ee noHBMaiDTi? paasfi ohm ne npBJitffumch 
BO BCEBOicy ApyroMy npaBEieiBcrBy? & BupocB cb HMnepieft; b 
cosxajTB, a OHa Mena cosxaja... S. 6ujrB npoHSBexeffB bb smuaiej 
bocjA 10 xeBatfpfl, bx oi^ffjiBCb^ b^ BHBap^ 1852 r., b& boh 
xopn 15 asrycia 1854 r., e nosaiOBaFB cmpniHirB o^hcb^ 
WTHaro jerioHa Tpn lAaasfl, Tony HisaxfB. Bb snoxy npeaHxei 
ciBa BynpaBiiui sopoisoe BpeMB nopi^eifB o6ii^BC?BeHHzixs | 
6otb; HOSAH^y EMnepaTopB bobjosajtb na MeflB nocdB) wb 4 
rjuH); noTOMB fl BcrynHi'B FB rocyxapcTBeHHHfi coB^rB h vh cenaTi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9MMWb VJTOWb. 147 

— A sasTpa Kyja bh BCiynHie? — cnpocMa KaopHH;^a co cirt- 
wwhy KOTopmrb crapaiacB saMacRHpoBaTB CBoe crpacTHoe jio6o- 



— Bh onesb j»6onHTHH, mademoiselle MaBEiaBejiJiB,—nporo- 

BOpHJTB OH^. 

Tor;^a ona tfucrpie sagojrajia HoraHn. HacrynHJO HOJHame. 
PyiWB, BHXfl ee CHOBa norpyaenHOio Bt wyCoKyio AyMy, no^j- 
xan, qTO HacrynHji'b yAoCnnfi MOMeHTL ee noHcnoB'l;(OBaTB. 

— JEeHn^Hu...— HaqajTB ofb. 

Ho OHa nepe^Hja ero, ch Heonpex^jieHHUM'B bsfjuaomi, yjui* 
diKB codcTBeHHuirB MHCJiflM'B E ($opMoqa Bnojirojoca: 

— O! y xjeEmjiWb cctl hhua cpe;^CTBa. . 

3to tfHJio efl e^^BHCTBeHHuiTB npHSHaHieH'B. Oea ^^o'j^jia TapiHEsy, 
B&mLia Bftjinoirb crasaHi boxbi h BCBOiEJia na crojrb (tb jlobboctbh), 
BOiasiiBaBmeft bi» neft HCKycHyio Hai^AHHiQr. 

— 9fi! JlyHAXHl— BaspH^ajia ona. 

SHBonHcei^'b yse cb MBHyvy Ras'B BCiaji'B h, Rycaa ycu on 
Heiepni^Hiir, Bepriscfl BOBpyrB nea h Pyrona. Okb co b8;(Oxomi 
dona yc&ica na CBoe Micro h bshjic^ sa bhctb. TpH icBHyru ot- 
XHxa, BOfopHfl BiinpocHia ce<5t Kiopeaxa, nAnuLnch neiBeprB ^ca. 
Qbh yze croua na cmii, Bce en^e yKyiaHHafl rb ^epnoe spy- 
seBO. noTOicB, craBi fb xo^SHyio nosy, ona c6pocua oahbmb abh- 
wemeitb CBoe nospBiBajo h CHOBa npeBpaiEjacB bi craiyK), a no* 
TOMy (ioJiBme He cniAuacB. 

&B EjiHceficBHTB uojisx^ sapeiu Bce p'bjijkm. SaxoAfln^ee cojnite 
ocmnuio ajjes) soiOTHcroft mujiBH), Boropaa caABxacB na x^peBBfl, 
CJOBHO BOJieca dBHnasefi noAHBJiH axo otfjaso apBaro CB^ia. GB^rB, 
Biofffimrift FB Bucom nojiyEpyriuii OBna, osapnxB lueHH KjtopHHffi 
aoioracTUM'fi ortfjecBOHi. He(k) MexjieHHO 6jij6ah^o. 

— A ^, seHHTB($a xe-MapcH na BajiaxcBotf npeHi^ecc'l — Ben^B 
pffaBeHHEfl?— cnpocHia ana, cnycra iCHHyry. 

— ^, nojiaraH)) — OTB^^aa'B PyrooB. — Ona otohb (Joraia. A 
MapcH siiHO Hysxaercfl vb j[,eEhTixi>. Kx TOMy se pasesasn- 
moThj mo ocTB otb Hea 6effb yna. 

Monaflie <k>JBme He npepuBa^ocB. PyroHB pacnojosHJEca to^ho 
7 ceCSs ffmsL h ho xyusLJFh yxoxHiB. Ohx pdiSuumjLsurb h npoxa* 
anaicfl no soMHaxi. 3m RiopsHxa 6wi3Lj vb canoirB jiibsh^ o^ohb 
q^mesaxejiuafl x^Bynnca. Ohb ^ynajx o h^, tomho x^^ho yse 
ptBcnucfl cib Hefi h, BnepeRB r^asa bi> hoxb, norpysHJiCfl bx cjia^- 
lyn ^Q^iiyi npinno qesoraBniyK) ero nepBii. 

Ero BHesanHO iipo6yAHJ% myirB fojiocofb. Bucosifl cxapHSBi 

10* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



148 B^cmn iB?onH. 

npHxoxa soToparo oh:b ne saM^THJi'B, i^osaxL fb lotii EiopHHjQry 
CB yjui6B0ft HarBtfaBinyK) roJOBy h craBmyio na spaD croia. 

— SxpaBCTByfi, Rpome^Ka,— rOBopHJi oh^.— rKasi th xopomat 
Th noRasuBaeniB ce6fl bcio? 

Obi cjiersa pascM&iJCfl, a Kor^a cROH^^yseHHaji RjiopiExa no^- 
Bfljsta CBoe ^epnoe spyseBO, iipH6aBHXL: 

— Bibrby nirby ne aysHo; raiTB oneHB MHJSto, th nosem 
noBasuBaiBCfl bca!... Axi*, fjsrsi Moe, to m emfi a BHffiBaxB hi 

CBOeiTB B^Ry! 

noTomb, o6epHyBiiiHCb n't PyroHy, xoroparo HasBajTB «JK)6e3- 
HUMi co6paTO]r&», nosaj'B eicy pyBy, roBopa: 

— 9Ta A^BqoHsa npurajia y Meea na tlojAeitLj Bor^a 6iMa 
MajeHBBafly a TenepB, bosb KaKotf ocj'krarejiBHOft BpacaBHifet 
craia. 

To 6ujPb CTapHKB fifi'Uxyrepwb. Eny 61110 cetafficsrh Arb. 
Ilpe Jlyn-^HJEnii^, 6yjsjmi xenyraTOiTB otb ^HHHcrepe fb oaiaii, 

pWh 6uJFh Vh ^ECAi JierBTHMHCTCBHX'B X^IiyTaTOBB, COBepmHBDIHrB 

noxoxi^ vb BeJBrpdB^-CsBepB, h noAajTB fb orcTaBxy Bdixcrsie 
HeoAo6peHi)!, saaBjeHHaro eify h ero TOBapHB^an'B naiaTOio! Iloax- 
H^, nocjrl ^BpajiBCBHX'B jmeHj ofb BiiRasajrB BHesanHyio wbM,- 
HOCTB R'B jpecny62EK% ROTopyio npHF^TCTBOBai'B CB sapoiTB Ha 
cxaMBflXB yqpeAUTejBHaro eo6paHiH. Bb Hacroflo^ee Bpeiui, cb lirB 
nopB, RaRi» HMnepaTop'B o6e3neqHji'B sa hhitb jtSibxiEmfi fb ceaaii) 
owb CTajTB tfoHanapTHCTOiTB, HO TOJiBRO yirikn HiTB 6eitb, RaFB XBO- 
pflHBH'B. OffB ]mBOMJii> ce6£ ii^erojiflTB cja6iiifH npotfjiecsaMH on- 
^08H^iH. HetfjiaroAapHOCTB ero satiaBJiflja. GRenrHRrB w nosra so- 
crefi, OH^ san^Hii^ajL'B pejinriH) h ceMBH). Okb c^nrajrB, qToeroodf- 
SKBaerB R'B aTOMy hma, o^ho hfb caMux'B rpoMREX^ FB EperaiH. 
BuBajH AHH, Ror^a ofli HaxoAui HMnepaTopa (JesHpaBCTBeHHHn, 
H rpoMRo BucRasuBaji dTO. GaiTB owb npoBeji'B shshb fb yiOH- 
^eHHOU'B H HSKfCRaHHOiTB pasBpari, H npo Hero xoahjkh aHeRXOTH, 
sacTaBjflBmie hojioaux'b jnoxefi saxyioiBaTBCfl. Bb oxho hfb nyreme- 
CTBifi FB HTajdH OHi nosHaROHHicfl CB rpa^^HHeft Bhjo/ia h ocra- 
BaiCA efl jLK)6oBHHROifB FB Te^emH TpHAAaTH Ai^Tb. Ohh paacTua- 
jiHCB Ha i^^jiue roAH, sariMx cnoBa cxoahjihcb aha na Tpn FBrb- 
poAaxi, Tfjk oiy^aft cboahji'b hx'b. 3jnie hsurh yrBepsAau, ^no 
RiopHHAa ero ao^. Ho hh ohi, hh rpa^HHa xopomeHBRO btofo 
He BHajH, a (tb t^x^b nopx, RaRi MOJiOAafl A'^Bymsa cra^a npi- 
BieRaTejBHofl 2ReHn^HHofl, cm'B 3rB%pjijrB, ^ro 611J11 RopoiRO SHaROHs 
ch efl owflwb BOBpeMeHa 6H119 norjuiAUBajTB na nee oienB yiouBflO 
AJfl CBOHX'B npeRioHHux'B j^TB, H noBBOiflJTB ce&b Cb Hefl ^^UBAp- 
flOCTH, Ra^B crapHft Apyra. ^e-Hj^rrepHx — BBicoRift, cyxoft, Rocrja- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



aziffh PTTOffb. 149 

But, 6uxh Qoxoae^ na BoATepa, Roxoparo BiafiH^ o^enB no- 

— EpecTHHt, ^TO*s% TH He llovJlBJ^wmh Ha Motf HOpTpeTB? — sa- 
s|»^ajim EjopHHAa. 

Ona sBajia ero BpeciHUM'b no ;(pys6i. Ob's sameiTB csaxs 
AjEKKa, no^pcHTHBafl rjiasaHn, isbx,% 8HaT0E:b. 

— OupoBaTejiBHo!— npo6opHOTaj['B ofb. 

noAomarb PyroHi. Cana KjopHH^a cocBOiHiia co crojia, qrotfii 
jyime bha^tb, n bc£ ipoe npnHfljHCB BOcxHn^aTLCfl noprperoirb. 
Xdoiihcb 6uz^ ucreHBBafl. 2BLHBonHcei^ yse noRptU'L Bce no- 

J9IH0 JerBHMH pOSOBUMH, 6'&IHMH, SeJTUMH T^HflMH, COXpaHflB- 

mnfH 6jrbji;aue ottIhbh aRBapejH. H jbi^o yju6ajocB to^ho mh- 
jHttHXHaii Bysojoea, cb rytfBaiiH cepAe^soirB, 6poBflMn xyroS, n^e- 
itiiH, noKpuTBEMH H-j^HEiiTB ^jusEJSfi}di>. To 6uM JI^iaHa, sasB 
pa3i> npHroAHaa j^sl Eopotisn ch BOH^BxaMn. 

— 0! nocMoxpHTe-Ka bohx xam, bosjA rjiasa, na axy najieHB- 
wpc^ poAHHBy,— sBRpBHajia KiiopHHAa, xjonan vh ja^oniB orB boc- 
imneHiJi. droT^ JlyB^sn HH^ero ne nponycxnxi! 

PyrOffB, Vb ROXOpOlTB 06BIRH0BeHH0 SapXHHH B086ySAaiH XOURO 

csysy, 6ujph onapoBaHx. Bi axy MBnyxy ob'b noHHiiajTB HCRyccxBO. 
Owh npoHSHecx cjrbffjjotnee cysAeme y6isAeHHUMi xohoitb: 

— RaBoft npeBOcxo^HHtt pncyHORx! 

— H RpacRH yAHBHxejBHBia,— no^XBaxHjB ^e-IIjyrepHx. — 9xh 
mevB — XHBoe x4jo... Xopoma. xoaie h rpy^B. A pyRH-xo! Y 9xoft 

MHJOHRH HSyMHTeJIBHilfl pyBB. 

n o6pan^aflCB vb mHsonBCity: 

— M-r noi](ito, — npHfiaBHji'B okb:— noBApasjaH) bbctb. fl yae 
BHj^^ Bamy <KynajiBii^Hi^». Ho axoTB nopxperBnpeBsoftxerb h... 
noiaiy Bu He BEiciaBsxe cbohxi npoHSBexeHifl? ,S snaBaii o^Horo 
^prnjojcara, Roxopiiff HsyMHxejiBHO nrpaji na cbphhr^; axo ne no- 
xtmaio eiiy cxbjKTh RapBepy. 

JlyHASH, oieHB nojBH^eHHHS, noRaoHEscfl. Mes^y t^hi ya&e 

OiepRaJIOCB, H XBRB RBR^ OHl XOXijll OROHWXB yXO, rOBOpHJ'B OHX, 

10 nonpocKTB RiopHHAy cxbtb kb nosy en^e MHHyxi na ^ecaxB. 
jl^IIjyrepffB h PyroH'B npoAOJisajH roBopHXB o shbohech. Bxotb 
BOCJi^XHifl yvlpjij'B, ^To cnei4aju»Hiui sanaxia H'bmajiB eify cj^xhtb 
sa apTHCTH^ecBHirB ABHsemeirB nocjiiAHBX'B j^bxi, no ^xo owh npe- 
KiOBaeicfl nepeffB BejraRHiiH npoHSBeAeHiaMH ncRyccTBa. Ohb o&l- 
mm vb R0Hi(6-R0Hit0Bi^, Hxo paBHOxymeHi r'b RpacaaicB, ho Rpa* 
CDHt pHcyHORX Bnojffl']^ ero yxoBjexBopaerB, xaaofi pncyHORi*, ro- 
Topyft MorB tin BOSBEiniaxB Ayniy h BHymaxB BejiHRifl uucjle. %o 
Baeaerci xe^IIjyrepHa, xo oh% upHSHaBaji'B xojbro ;Q)eBHHrB na- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



150 B^fiTUEfB BBPOnU. 

erepoFB; ofl hoc^texb bc£ eBponeltCRie Mysea h He soHHMaen, 

RaRX 8T0 OCH^aHBaiOTCfl 611^6 SaHHMaTBCfl SHBODHCBK). 0;i(HaBO, BTB 

npomjoiTB uicBVJb, ob'l BaBasa^TB OTxkjiBTh MajeHBRyio rocTHHHyD 
Ofijaouy apTHcry, coBepmeHHO HeHSfiicTHOMy nydieR* h o%m ua- 

jaHTJIHBOMy. 

— Ob'l napBcoBaxB hh^ najieH^HTB aiiypoBi, i^b^th, ae- 

jeHB— npOCTO BSyMHTeJIBHHe, — rOBOpHJCb OH-B. nOJOSflTejIBHO xo- 

^ercfl copBaiB i^b6tori». H Mes^y i^B^TaHH ecTB HadsoicHfl, 6a- 
6o9RH, MyxE, syRH, TO^HO SHBue. Hy, cjoBOiTb, BecejeHBRaa shbo* 
HHCB... ,S Jiyy6jno BeceaeHBRyK) sLBBonacB. 

— HcRyccTBO He ;^o•la:HO nB^BOnnb Ha Ha<rB CRyRy, — sasiD* 
HHji'B PyroH-B. 

B'B BTy MHHyry, kb to Bpens RaRTB ohh npoxasHBaiHCB ps- 
Kowbj Hei^ojBniHMH maraMH, A^-IIjiyrepHB pasA&BHdTB Ratfjijions 
HTO-TO, ^6 saxpe^ajio. 

?T0 BTO taROe? — SaRpH^aJTB OHT>. 

n no;^flji'B hStrh, CBaTHBrniacfl cb apecja, na ROiopoe Rio- 
pHHAa, AOJKHo 6htb, Bucunajia to, vrd Jiesajo y nea kb RapMari. 
O^na HSTB CTeRjJiHHBix'B 6jcb^ bosji^ RpecTHRa, 6ujih npeBpaqeHa 
BB nopomoR'B; caiiB RpecTHRB, OHeHB HajieHBRiff, cepe6pflHufi9 6ajn> 
cornyrB nonojaiTB. OrapHRB saMaxajiB nerRaitH, nocM^HBaacB b 
roBopa: 

— Mniio^Ra, saq'iirB tbi 6pocaeniB 3th HrpymRH? 

Ho RjopHHxa BCfl no6arpo^a. Ona 6pocHjacB co ciojui. Ha- 
^yBi ry6iii, cb cepAHTUME r^asaun, nocn^niHO npHRpHBaa ce(% 
njie^H, 6opHoqa: 

— 3jofi, aiofi! cjioMa.TB koh ^Strh! H Bupsaaa sxi y Hero. 
Ona J1J2LK2LM KSLKh pe6eH0Ri. 

— Hy, Hy, — roBopHjix ^e-IIjyrepH'B, Bce eme CJiiacB. — Bh- 
AHTO, RaRafl (5oroMOJRa. HaifexHE, ^yrB mh^ rjiasa He Bui^apanaia 
sa TO, ^TO, yBHA^^BTB vh T2j6ttEi csL aiBROBa Bep6y, fl cnpocsn y 
Hefl, ^t6 ona noAMeTaerx woft MOTejiROfl... He naa^B a;e, ;iypo9Ra. 
SI eiiy HHHero ne cjOMajix, TBoeny 6osHHBRt! 

— H*TB, HirB, — saRpH^aia ona,— bh eMy cAi^ara (Jojibho. 
Ona yme ne roBopHJia eMy «t£i». JIjposan^HMH pyRaini ona cra- 

Haja pas^HTyK) 6ycy. Hotoitb, puA^fl en^e cuBBie, saxoT&ia 
BimpaMHTB RpecTDR^B. Ona BBiTHpaja ero ROHTORaifH najBoesB, 
TOHHO efi bhahIjihcb RanjiH RpoBH na MeTaui. Ona 6opifovaia: 

— Ilitna noxapDJiB mh^ ero, bb nepBull pasi, Ra^B a 6i2Ja 
y Hero cb iiaMamefi. Oh'b Mens 3HaeTB, nana. H soeerB Memn 
«][ofi npoRpacHutt anocTOJX», noroMy ito a eiiy caasaia, ^o 
6uM 6u pa^a yneperB sa nero... dm iCtrh npflH0ca.iH mh^ c^" 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9ZKffB prroiTB. 151 

cne. TeiiepB owb uoiepayrh cboh) CHJiy. Ofii 6jxyYb npaBntRarb 

— nocrot, ffiA ujA ma, — nepefinjTB je-HjiyrepffL.— Th cjo- 
xBemL ce6£ hoith, nonpaasflfl aio. Cepetfpo — Rpinsafl nnyEa, kh- 

Ob% B8fljn» y Hefl ^erBH h ciapaicfl BEinpflHUTB BpecTBfc'B, ocro* 
poacHO, HTotfii He cioMaTt. KjiopHHAa He njaKaja 6ojiLnie h npx- 
oaiuio cr&JiHJUi sa ero pa6oTofl. PyroHB xasse BUTflrHBaji meio 
a ymfSsoft. Ohb 6uxh coBd&M% tfeotfosEniBi, xaffB ^lo mojokblsl 
;(fay]isa ?yTi>-6Kjo XBa pasa ne pascopiuacB cb heitb sa ne- 
yxkrauH myxBH. 

— BnniB th! — dopMorai-B Bnojiraioca je-ILiyrepHB, — Kasofi 60- 
ziHbsa HenoxauHBEitt. S. 6oh)cb cjioisaTb ero HonojaifB... xom 
iQfWv MHJO^iEa, y Te6s 6yAerB Apyroft Ha CM^Hy. 

Ohi (^jiajTB HOBoe ycHJiie. KpecxHK'B nepeJiOHHJCfl. 

— Hy, rbwb xyasel — saBpniaix ohx- — Ha ototx paax a ero 
uonajTB. 

PyroH^ sacutfljicfl. Tor^a EjiopHHJia, ce dimeHUMH rjiasaMHy 
maaoiBBBUwb jHHtOMx, orcryniuia Hasa^^, nooa^ttjia hh% npaico btb 

JEJ^O, CJBHMaJi ByjaRH H CL flpOCTbH) TOJBafl HICB KB ABepH, TO^HO 

cotfEjiaflCB BUiHBBipHyTB HX'B sa ^BepB. Ona pyraja hx'b no-Hxa- 

JBflHCBH, COBC&MX odesyM^BrB. 

— Ona Hacx fiBen, ona nacB Cbctb, — hobtopmb Becejio je- 
EayrepHB. 

— Bon nJOAH cyeBipia, — npoHSHeci PyrOHx ckbosb syCH. 
GiapHirB nepecrajii myiHTB,* JlH^o ero cxajo B^pyrB cepB&HO. 

H nsh saKTB BeJiHKifl waoBisfB npoxoJiauu'B noBToparB h36htii2 
^j^pasu aiOBpexHOHi BjiiaHin xyxoBeHCXBa, suliboitb BOCOHTaHiH 
KftroDi^ecxHX'B xeBmfiWhj o&b yHHsemn HxajriHy oiAaHHofi Ha 
sepxBy nonaMi, ohi npoesHecB cbohmi cyxHM'B tojocoitb: 

— PejiHm cocTaBJweTTB BejHde rocy;iapcTFB. 

— EoFAa OHa ne ^oi;^ae^B hx'b KaKx paaBqnHa, — BOspaBUffB 
PyroHB.— HcTopifl na jihao. IlycTB tojibko HMnepaiopx Maao-MajB- 
CEH jiaenycTHTB enHCEonoB^, ohh Tor^acrB bcI cajQrrB eny na meio. 

Tyrt fd^Usyrepwh fb cboio OHepejB pascep^HJiCii. Ohb npn- 
sanuni^TB Pemi. SaroBopHJi-B o&h y&bi&AemsiTh Bcefi CBoeft 
EesB pamin jiioah otipaiHJiHCB 611 b^ cbotobi. H nepe- 
HffiSB KB daiAHTi ceiiBH. Bpeneea Hacrynajm caMBifl xpoM^mHUfl. 
ftoEorxa emjd nopoKB ne BucraBJLHJica cb laBoft narjiociBK), hh- 
lotxa 6e36osie Be hpohbboahio xaBOft CMyxH bb coBicxH Jioxett. 

— He roBopsxe uni npo Bamy HiuiepiiD!— saBpHHajai'B ohb kb^ 
soHAi-soHifOBi. — Ona — ^HeBaKOHHaa ;t0HB peBOJioiyH... 0! mh snaeMi,. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



152 B1M)THES'B EBPOHEI. 

^TO Bama Himepui cTpeinrrca ynHSHTB i^ihboj^. Ho mh cvomcB mt 
crpasi, Mil He nosBoaHM^ sapisaiB cetfs Easi tfapaHOBi... IIo- 
npotfyftxe-Ba, jiH)6e3Hufi Vjrowhy BiicBasaib cboh yti&BAemfl vb 
cenarl. 

— 3x1! He cnopbTe cb hhitb tfojiBnie, — CBasajia KjopHn;^.— 
EcJiH BEi pasApasHHTe ero^ oh% luioHeTB na specTB. dra — orBep- 
seHHutt. 

PyroBTB, yHE^oseHHufi, nosiOHHJicfl, cjensa oosnnaa njie^am. 
HacTjuHJio MOJ^anie. Mojioxafl A'^BymBa HCBaia Ha nojiy o6jio¥0sb 
xpecTHBa; h, HafiAs ero, 8a6oxiBBo saB^nyaa vh e^o^okl rasers, 
Birkrr^ (tb "leTBaicn. Ona ycnoROHiacB. 

— Ax-B, fla! MEJiOHsa, — nanaji'B Bj^pyn ;^e-^JIy^epffB: — a b4^ 
Te6% en^e He CBasajii, sa^^irB a samejTB ceroxHa* ^ xeHa bctb 
jiosa Ha ceroAHflHiHift Be^eph fb Ilajie-poajB, h a sacB 3a6BpaK) 
Oh co6o1i. 

— MejuS specTHEifi!— saspH^aia KiopiHxa, nospacH^Bi^ ote 
y;^OBOJIBCTBia. — ^oft;^y, pa86y»y naMamy. 

Ona noA^OBaaa ero: «3a xpyAa^^ Kax'B o<$MBnja. H noBep- 
HyjacB Bi* PyroHy, yj£i6aK)ii](aflca, npOTaniBaa pysy h roBopa Ch 
npejatecTHofi rpnMacBofl: 

— Bh Ha HeHH He cepxHxecB, ne npaB^a jih? He pasxpa- 
safire Hena cbohmh a3u?ecBHMH BOssplHijiMH... & cobc^itb rjy- 
irilio, Borxa Mena noMpasHnaaiorB pejaEHriefl. E cnoco6Ha pasco- 

pHTBCfl Ch jyqniHMH J^pJ^hSiUJll. 

Mes^y TbuT> JlyHASH xojiBHyjrB H0JiB6eprB fb yrojTB, bhx&, 
HTO eny ne boh^htb yxa cerorfa. Ohx bssxb m^ny h ipo- 
HyjiTB HOJioxyK) ;^ByniBy sa njie^o, ito6h npeAynpexHTB ee, 
^rro yxoAHTB. Ona npoBo^Hja ero xo njontaxBH jiicrmin^ a 
saxjionnyja 3a co6oh) ABepB; ho ohh pacnpon^ajiECB Taa'B myicHO, 
HTO cjuHiHO 6ujiOy najffb KiopiiHAa BcapHBHyjata, hotoitb sacii&i- 
jiacB. Korxa ona BepnyjiacB, to caasajra: 

— SI Hofixy nepeoxtaaTBca, ecjH tojbb6 BpficiHiifi ne cowa- 
coETB BesTH HeHfl vb BTOWb BOCTioui^ Bx Haie-poajiB. 

n BC£ Tpoe padCM&IJHCB BTOfi UUCXB. GyiCepBH CryCTBJHCB. 

Rorxa PyroHB yxo^HJix, KjiopHnxa nonua BortffB sa HHiTBy ocra- 
BHFB x6-njyrepHa o^Horo h roBopa^ hto cefiweB BepHerca, tojibbo 
nepeoA^Herca. Ha j^cthhi^ 6uzo yse coBciirB TeiiHO. Ona nomiA 
Bnepe^i^ h cnycsajiacB Mona h laafB HeA^eHHO, tto oh!b t^bcibo- 
Bai'B, BasTB ea rasoaaa iioHHBa sb^bmsl ero sa BOjri^. JifAff 
fp CBoefi BOMHaTu, ona Bomja b^b Hee h cx^aia xsa mara, ae 
o6opaHHBaacB. Ofb nocjtAOBaj'B sa nefi. ^sa OBHa OBapaia 6jAfr 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



9SKH% PTTOVB. 153 

CB^TOirB HenpH^paHHyK) nocren, no8a6iiTyK) JoxanRy, h 
umsy, Bce en^e cnaemyH) Ha rpy^i luaTM. 

— Bh He cepAHiecB na Mena?— noBTopHja ona hohth meno- 
lOHi, npoisrHBafl eny pyBH. 

Owh noKjfljicfl^ ^0 H^rb. H bsabi ee sa pyRH^ nosan nxi 
none Jiosrs, ocioposHo npoTHCSHBafl nasBi^u ckbosb nepnoe Rpy- 
seBO, "TFotfH HE^ero He pasopeaxB. Ona hotexohbro BHTflPHBajia 
Hiyn, to^ho saiajia o6jer9HTB ero patfory. Ohh ctoajh fb t^hh 
Bopia H He BHx^jiH Apyn Apyra vb joiJifi. Cneprufi Bos^yx^ 
lonarBi oxypu^ ero, h y nero RpysHJiacB rojiOBa. Ho RaR'B tojibro 
lyn ero noAHflJHCB BHme jorta, KiopnHAa BHpBajiacB, n ohb cjiii- 
Ban, BaKB ona saRpnHajia 'b^ xsepB, ocraBaBinyiocfl pacRpuroft: 

— AHTOHifl! CB^Hefl H Moe cipoe njaiBe! 

Eorxa Pyronib o^thjica bi azjiei EjHcefiCRHX'B nojieft, ohx na 
XBHyry ocraHOBHJiCfl, hto(Jh nepeBecM ;tyx'B h B^oxnyrB csizRaro 
BOQKyxa. B:b ajue%, cjOBdbwb onycr^Bmefl on aRnnasefi, sasnra- 
jECh oxBHTB sa Apyi™^ rasoBiie (j^napH. Ohb npoBejii* pyRaMH 
no JOBSJ. 

— Ax'b! — npoHBHecB owh rpoMRo: — 8to Chjio 6u cjnnnROirB 

IV. 

EopreacB RpecrnFB jiojiseH'B 6ujuh BHCiynHTB hsi nasHJiBOHa 
«9acoBi» B^ mecTOiTB nacy. MapmpyrB BejTB lepes^ 6ojLbmjio ajueio 
TiuiepifiCRaro ca^a, n;ion^a;(B Corjiacifl, y^Hi^ Phbojh, hjio- 
nw(B ParjrmHy ApaoiBCRifi moctb, ApR0in>CRyK) yzmij h hjo^i^b 

YxB CB ^empex'B ^acoBi tojina saHSJia ORpecTHociH ApRon- 
csaro Mocra. TairB, na pas^ojiBii no ($eperairB p^rh, mofje noMi- 
eiBTLai ^bssLsi noji?Hm;a napoAa. FopnsoHTB B;qpyrB pacmnpajLCfl e 
b;Pleh BEAH&icfl ocrpoBi CeHB-JIyE, nepeRpen^enHBrfi qepeoft ^eproft 
■ocra •IyH-$EJiHnna. Haj'i^BO He6oJiBmofl pyRaBi ptRs Tepfljca 
^exH ja^EpHHTa hebrex'b crpoenifi; nanpaBO 6o3hmoi. pyRaBi yxo- 
XETB vh jsfiib vh jnrjOBaTuft lyicaH'B, cpe^E Roroparo bhah^jiocb 
aejesoe narHO x^peBBeBib «BEHHOfi npHcraHE*. Hb o6'6narB cropoHairB, 
OTB Ha<5epesH0ft GenB-IIojB ;(0 Ha6epesH0& MesECcepn, otb Ha5e* 
pexHot HaHOjeoHa, jsfl Ha($epesHOfl ?acoB^ TpOTryapu xaHyjracB 
tmao mBpoKia Aopors, a nJion^aAB PaTyniE, nanpoTHBi icocra, pac- 
nXEiBancB paBHSHOfi. H Ha;r^ arHifB o6inflpHiiacB npocrpaHCTBOiTB 
Be6o umBCRoe, sapRoe, 6e8o6ja^Hoe He6o pacRHAUBaao rpoMa;^- 
HyD noiy CBoefi (SesROHenHoft jasypn. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



154 B^CTHHEl IBPOnH. 

Korxa npotfHJio nojiOBEHa iitTaro, Hapoxi» rbcEEicsi co bg§xs 
CTopoHi. Baojib TpoxryapoffB, tfesEOoeHHue psusji jfotfomiimm 
CTOfljH, npHTHCHyTHe KB napaneiy Ha6epesHofi. Ob SSespcsofi hs- 
6epesHofi AOHOCEJCfl myni^ noAHHuaeMBtfi TBicflnaiai Hapoxft, boi* 
Ha soToparo, nocroAHHO pacxyn^afl, sajraeaia iijioii(a;(B Paiynni. Ha- 
npoTHBi, Bi crapuxx AOHaxi» HanojeoHOBCROff Ha($epeaBHoft^ bs 
OTEpEiTux'B OBHax^ TopHajiB coTHH foiOBi. Jl^aase BTB rjyfiHH^ Ten* 
HHxi nepeyjiKOBi, BHxoAflmox'B na p^By, vb jjuislb Rojioif^ji, bi 
yjHiti CeFB-JIaHApn, bi yjini^ FjiaTBHSH bhxh^jihcb seHode 
"lei^u, BUcyHyBmiecfl hsi obofb, ch pa3B%BaH>ii^HMHCfl no vferpy 
saBflSKaMH. Ha Mocry HoTpi^-JI.aM'B, sajHioirB napoxoirB, spHreiH 
onnpa^iHCB jOBTjiMn Ha BaiieHB, tohho na 6apxaTB BOJioccaAHoS 
TpH6yHH. Ha ;^py^olI•B KOHi^t, cobc*icb bj^sljiUj Ha Mociy JIyH-#H- 
.iHnna, EamnjiH nepHufl to^bh, h caMUfl oTAajieHHiifl osna, Ha- 
^eHBEHMH ^epiOHBauH npop-idUBaBinifl jEeAXEze h cbpse ^^aca;(H xo* 
MOBi, na BOHi](i ocrpoBa, MBHyraBin osapsjHCB cb^tjuitb nfliHOirB 
OTB BaBoro-HH6yxB HjaTBfl* Ha RpHmaxi, Mes^y Tpy6aMH, ctoijih 
MysqHHu; jioxh, BOTopuxx 6u.io ne bhaho, TjiaxbiE bi uojs^ofous 
Tpy6u (7B BucoTu CBOHxi> leppacB Ha Ha6epesBofi TypnejB. Ho 
^t6 6ujio BHAHO OTOBcioxy, CO Bctx-B cTopoHx, CB Ha6epeaBHiECB, 
HS'B OKOH-B, CO Bcixi* nyHKTOBi — xaEB 9T0 BpacoBaBmiftcfl na ro- 
pHSOHii, na ro.io& crifeni mecrHBraaiHaro xo^a, na ocrpoB* Ceffb- 
JyH, mraHTCKifl dfepBitt dopxyKx, HapncoBaHHufl al-j6resco, vb npo- 
^HJB, ci ji^BUMx pyKaBOMx, cjioiKeHHHM'B Ha jobt£, to^ho HjaiBe 
coxpaHflJio en^e nojatosenie x^ja, fb HacxoflnQno MHHyxy yjiLe hcxj^b- 
maro. 3xa MOHyMenxajBHafl BUB'IcRa npHHHMajia, na cojha^, na^B 
.ifoxcBHiTB MypaBefiHHROJffB, Heo6£iBHOBeHHHe pasM^pu. 

^BOfiHafl mepenra cojijifirh o6eperajia npoxoA'B x^a Bopxesa 
cpexH xojHH. HanpaBo BiicxpoaiHCB Ha^ioHaJlB^apAu, najifeo sBr 
HefiHue cojixaxu. Oahhb BoneicB exofi xboShoS mepenrH lepflici 
m> ApBOJiBCBofi yjHEcl, y6paHH0fi SHaMenaMH, cb OBnaMH, jQ)ani- 
poBaHHUMH 5oraxiiMH MaxepiflMH, mafbo BOJUixaBmHicicfl vjipxh ^ep- 

HHXX AOMORB. MoCX^y OCXaBJeHHUfi nyCXUMl, 6UJL% eXHHCXBeHHOfi 

nojocoft rojiofl senje — cpe^H noBceiiicxHaro naBOAHraui JuoxcBOt 
xoJHoft, — H, jiprROft xyrofl nepedporaeHHuft qepeax piBy, ohx npon- 
BOAH^TB cxpaHHoe Bne^axj'iHie. Ho BHHBy, b^ojib p^bh, xftBsa 6iua 
CoJBmafl; paspaaceHHiie 6yp2iya, paaioacHS'B njiaxBH na seiuiO} 
ycijHCB Bosjit cBOHXii OKeHB, duflfixsLS oxi» nojAHOBHaro maxiBBS 
no ropoxy. Ho xy cxopony Mocxa, nocpexn nrapoBofi ]uoiii(aAH ro- 
jiy6o& BOAH, oxjEBaBineS sejeHBiirB npH caiflHin pyxi pysaBorfry 
H^CBOJiBBO JOAO^HHBOBi, FB BpacHuxi BypxBaxB, rpetfiiH, HanpaB- 
.iflfl CBOio JOAEy Bi> «$pyBX0ByK) npHcxaHB». Bjihsx ^BpcBot na- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dmwb vjvw'b. 1 55 

idpOLBCt BHXH&rcji Tasse ^ojiBinoft iipaHeinHEi& iliotb, cb roto- 
paro xoHOCHJHCb CM^x^b H yAapu sa^Bsa npa^es'B. H bca ara 
OTHeHBttfl Macca napoxa, bc6 axH TpHCTa*?eTupecTa tucah'b ro- 
jon iqiHyTaMH noAHHMaaiiCB n visijsib.'iii na 6aiiiHH Horpi-^airBy 
BOBBumaBmiflCfl na^ AOMaicH HanojieoHOBCBOtt Ha5epesHott. EaniHH^ 

Q0902O<ieHHHfl SaXO^fllQHM^ COJET^eiTB, i^B^xa psaB^HHii, BU;^^fl- 

sacb Ba CF^TjiOMib Be($t h ryx^H b-b B08;Qrxi, nOTpacaetfUfl ne- 
yrwoHHiiirB KoioKOJiBHiinrB sbohoitb. 

JIjA hjih rpH ^^ajBmHBHfl ipeBorH yxie neoAHORpaTHO sacraa- 
jsn lasBTxaTECfl TOJiny. 

— YBipflK) BacTb, ^TO OHH HC iipo8;(yTO paHLme hojobehh 
meeToro, roBopHJi'b BucoRitt Maiufl, sacixaBmifi nepe^^ oxHOff h8i> 
iD^ffb oEeapcRofi natfepesHofi fb o6ii^ecTB']& IIIapCfoHHejietf. 

To 6uji> JEhjibr^h'b, Teoxopi ^HJiBR^Hib, crapHBHuS BOCTOAJie]](s 
MeiftBH Kopp^pi, 6*A0BHft ;ipyra Pyroaa. Bx btotb acbb obh^ 

(!eUE& OX:&rB FB KOCTIOirB HBl SeJITOfi BaHRH, — nOJIBUit ROCTIDHl 

BB xBsgq^iTB-AeBflTB ^paBROFB, — saTacRaBBufi, vb BflTBax'B, pasjii- 
saBOiificji BO BiBairB; aa Bewb Chjih BpopsaBBBre canorH, cb'Itjio- 
sopsHHesHfl Bep^axRH h nrapoRafl cojioMesBaH mjiABa 6e3% jewromm. 
Eoijpi 29Lhjibr6hi» saA'^BajiB nepqaTRH, to c^Hxaji'B ce(5fl b'b boji- 
EOMPh Bapa^. Ci caicaro yipa owh cjiyseix bpoboxbhromi map* 
teflHeuMi, CB ROTopiiMB BOSBaROMBJicfl o;(BasAH Be^epoMi y Py- 
roHa KB Ryxfli. 

— Bh -Bce yBB^^irre, xpy^hsi mob, — bobtopbjb obt^, yiBpaa 
pysot A^BBBue ycH, nepBOfi nepiott BepeciRaBmie ero nhswyio 
poxy.— B^AB BH OTAajfl ce6A vb iioe pacBopaseBie, bo BpaB^a-jiB? 
Hy, TaBi!B B npexocraBBie mb^ pyROBOABXB Basmiii BpasABBRoars. 

SflJIBS^BB yse BHBBJIX TpH piOMRB BOBBJiRy B BilTB RpySOKB 

niBa. Efl^e ABa naca Baaa^B obi* saxaB^BjrB cioxa IIIapfioBB&ieft, boa^ 
BpexJoroM'B, ^TO BaAO bpbai^b Ba m^^cto BepBUHB. BorB sBaROMaa, 
xajeflBRaji ro^Sbb, — o^obb xopomaa, oCJ^bacbaxb obi, b roBopBzs 
rapcoHy «tei». inap(k)HBejUiy noRopHBBiBCB CBoefi cyfifM^ cjymajiB 
ero, AUflCB o5Bjiio b pasnootfpasiio ero p'Bnefi. M-me IIIapdoB- 
Hea OKasajiacB otb Bcero, Rpoxi ciaRaBa caxapBoil boau* niap- 

tfOHBeiB CBpOCBJTB pDHRy BOJHBBOtt BOARB, ROTOpyK) BBOFAa BBBai'B 

n xoMifep^ecROicB Kjiy&by fb njaccasii. T^mx BpeMeBOMi Msua- 
B^Bi pa^cRasoiBaj'B bitb o i^)ecrflBax^ TaR%, RaRi ecm6u xoabjtb 
yipom KB TioxhepE sa CBpasRaMB. 

— Hioiepaipflita o^obb AOBOJBsa, — roBopajTB okb.-~Poabi 6hLm 
(SaaroDOjy^flue. 0! OBa M0J0AeA'B-6a6a! Ba yBBABre, RaRaa OBa 

I... HimepaTOp^ to.ibro iperBaro aha Bpi'bxajB bb'l HaBra, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



156 B^CTHIK^ EBPOIH. 

Byxa ^AHii no cjiy^aK) HasoAHeHiS... Fh!... bots^to &bfiBk cb arsn 

HaBOXHeHiflMB! 

M-me IIIap6oHHejiB oroxBEHyjia ceoft cryxB. Ona cjersa ipy- 
cua TOJiiQi, Bce 6oj^ h 6o^e rycrmcE piAaiiH npoT^emefi 

MEMO HXl. 

— Crojibico Hapo^y! — npoCopMoraja ona. 

— Emfi 6ul — saBpH^ajTB jKejibr6h*b:— fb IlapHsi noHa^xaio 
OAHHX'B HHOcrpaHi^eBi cjHmRoirB Tpflcra nuaivb ?ejOB6si. Bon 
yse ujbjijio nejijbjm yBecejunejiBHue nofe;^ nepeBOSflTB cK)Aa bck 

npOBHHIUK)... BOH'B TEITB, CMOTpHTe, HOpMaHXI^I, a BOTB BTO raC* 

BOHi^ii; BOTB npi'lsmii h9b ^paHnrB-RoHxe. 0! a hxi cefi^acB 
ysHaH)! Si vb;^> vmbi^jifurh ^pani^K) bxojb h nonepesB. 

IIoToirB OKh coo6ii^HXB, qio cyxH sanepru, 6ep»^ saq^Hia, 
^TO Bct ynpaBiieHifl pacoycTHJiH cbohx'b cjysan^HX'B. Bca ciojHi^a 
npasAHOBajia BpecTHHEi. IIotom^ HanarB nepec^imiBaTB, csonso 
6jjijTb ct6iitb itepenoHiH h npasAHHsa. SaBOHOAareJiBHiit BopnycB 
BOTHpoBajii HeriipecTa tbicatb ^pansoBB; ho dro 6e8ff6jraiia, no- 
TOMy TTO oji^HHi TK>jBepittcBi& BOHiox'B yB^pflj^ ero B^epa, ^ro 
oxHH'B KopresrB 6yAerB ct6htb okojo x^yxi-coTB xiicflTB ijfp9i,BSKafh. 
EciH HMnepaxopy npHAorcfl AomaTHTB TOJatBBo UEJudowh hsb cbohxi 
jsflxofpvbj TO OHii AO^sROH^ cHecTB ce6fl c^acTjiHBiiMi. Oaho npH- 
xanoe petfeHsa CTdnrB 6oj(Bine era thcatb ^paeBOBi. 

— Cra THca^'B ^panKOBB! — noBTopnja m-me EQapfioHHeiB, 
cpaseHHafl. — ^a hs^ nero se oho ca'^^e^ho? Hs'b BasHxi xasHrB 
icaTepifi? 

^HJBB^H'B CHHCXOXHTeJBHO paSCirlflJCJi. ECTB B^ O^OHB AOpO- 

m RpyseBa! Bo Bpenfl 6ho oht> 6ujn> BOMMHCcioHepoirB no arofi 
qacTH. H npoAOJsaji cboh pasc^eiu: nflXBAecarB tucatb ^pmsovb 
onpeA^jienu na noco6ifl poAHxejiflirB sasoHHiirB A^xeft, poAHBnnxca 
vh OAHHx AOHB ch MajeHBKHBTB npHHi^eirB, H BOTOpUX% HMHepaK^ 
H HMnepaTp0i(a nosejaiH 6iiTB BocnpieMHEsaMn; BoceKBxecflTB th- 
csmT> 4>pAHB0BB 6yjiyTb HcrpaqeHu na iieAajiH AJia asiopoBB Ean- 
TaTx, EOTopiM noHxrca na xearpaxx. HaBonei^, CTo-ABMA^tt M" 
cflHX MOAaiefi podxaHO rfliiHasHcrairB, y^eHHsaMB nepBonaiajBHiixi 
mBOJi H npiioTOBi, yHrepB-o^Hi^epaM'B h coi^aTaiTB napHSCBot 
apidH. y Hero 6Hja o^na Taaaa, h ofb ee noxasai^. To 6Hja 
MexajiB, BejnqEHOfi bb aocstb cy: na o^Hofi CToponib bh6itei 6ujk 
npo4>Hj[Er HMnepaTopa h HimepaTpEi^i, na Apyroft HMnepaTopcsara 
npHHi^a, H CTOuo ^HCJO BpecTHHB: «14-ro iiOHfi 1856 r.» 

— YcTynHTe ee mh4? — nonpocHJTB UlaptfoHHejB. 
JKhjbb6h% coFJiacHJiCfl. Ho Kor^a toictaktb, saTpyAHimnilcs 

aaByio i^^ny nasHawTB, noxaai eMy HOHexy vb xBaAi^axB cy, om 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asEHi viTOVh. 157 

lameciBeHHO orsasajefl, saM^THn, ^ro aro He hojubmo ct6htl 
jiopose x^CflTH cy. Mes;^ vhwh,. m-me inap6oHHejiB pasrifl^^ii- 
B&ia npo^^fljB HMnepaiopcBOfi ^ern h npHnua fb ynHJieHie. 

— Ohh OHeHB Ao6pH Ha Bjujs^bj — roBopHja ona. — CflAars 
oHi TjTb pBfmnvsowbj T01H0 rojytfKH... UoMJWHTe, m-r IIIaptioH- 
fiejB, He npaBxa-jH, ecjH noBepnyTB Me^ajiB botb dTasi, to buxo- 
]Qm TO^HO ffiik rojOBu^ jiesan^ifl sa o^Hott no^Q^mB^. 

TjTB Hhar^h'b saroBopHJx o&h H]^IepaTpH^%, npesosHocfl xo 

Be6eci esL Epacory. Ha AeBAiOMi iflcfli^ CBoefi 6epeMeHH0CTH, 

oa i»cHfiH](ajia i^ha yipa na ocHOBame BOcnHTaiejiBHaro AOMa 

jlii 6kMfiuxT> ji^BymeKb GeHrB*AHTyaHCBaro npexM^TBA. Oea or- 

osuacb orB BOCBMHxeaiTH thcatb ^paeBOBi, co6paHHux'B no bo- 

oilsairB fb HapoA:6 na noxapos'B najieHBBOMy npHHi^r, u cyHna 

rat, no ea sejaniK), Cjffivh o^paiqena na otfy^enie cxa ch- 

poFB. SSfljBK^ffB, cjersa nBAHHtt^ crpamHO Boponaa'B rjasaiiH, 

soxucBHBafl HibiHUfl BBipasemfl, — BupaaBeHifl, vb Roropux^ 6u 

ciHBajacB no^THTeaBHOCTB noAAannaro cb BOcropsenHiucB hoejio- 

HesieiCB Mys^HHu. Ohb .o6iflBjfljrB, ^to totob^ shshbk) nosepxBO* 

BaiB xiu arofi 6jiaropoAHott seHn^flmi. Ho BOEpyrB Hero hhxto 

He Bospaauux. Tjjrbj npoHBBOAHMnfi TOJiHoft, cjiysiurh BaEi-6ii 

diiim'h ero noxBajix h cjiHsajicfl fb nenpepuBHuft ctohi, a sojo- 

laia HorprB-JI^i sajiHBajiHCB Hso-Bcefi uohh h pasnocejiH na^B 

lOHmMH TJJTb CBOefi SOJOCCaJIBHOfi paAOCTH. 

— He nopa jh HaMi* craTB na nicra? — cnpocHJi'B po6BO 
IIIap6oHHejiB, BOTopoMy Haxo^jo chx^tb. 

M-me IIIap4$0HHej[B scraia, onpaBjrjui cboio saesryio majiB. 

— Eoneuo, — npetfopiioTajia ona. — Bh xotAjh, ^to6u mh 
iipHBUH nepBioiH^ a bopb mh xyTB xepaeMB Bpena h nponycKaeicB 
Bc&xi Bnepex^ oe6fl. 

SuBB^ffB pascepAHJicfl. Ohb Bupyraicfl, yAftpas ByjstaEOirB 
no ]iajeHBB(»fy seji^tenoMy ciojHEy. PasB^b ob% ne SHaerB Ha- 
paza BaffB cboh naiB nam^OFB? H fb to Bpenfl, BaB'B Hcny- 
rannafl m-me HlapfioHHeiB cnosa onycrHJiacB na CBott cryj'B, sa- 
spHttJi rapcony: 

— 2Kk)ab, nojiuHHoS boabh h CHrapB! 

Ho, o6ifaimyFB ycu fb nojiHHHyio Boxny, ohi flpocmo no- 
JtocBan ero, roBopa: 

— Th orleniBCfl^ ^to-jih, na^o mhoS? Bosbmh npou dxo Jiesap- 
CTBO h noxafi mh% Apyryio tfyxiMBy, Ty, BoropyK) a nanaxB 
IB uwmsmy... &y JOotfesHufi, 6un> BOMMHCcionepoiTB no nacTH na- 
osison. Teoxopa ho TasrB-TO aerBO hoaa^tb. 

H oh% yroMOHHJicfl, BorAa rapcoH'B, soropHfi, noBHAKHOMy, ero 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



158 whcnan rapoini. 

iio6aHBajic2, npHHecB eify 6fmsKy. Tor^a owh noxjoiuui xpysecsH 
no njeny IIIap6oHHaiefi, sejEHaa htb nanenbEoft h HaMeHBSOft. 

— 3re! MaueHBica, HairB, xojisho 6kt^ He CHXirrea? hosrh sy- 
XflTL? nojiHOTe, 7cir6eTe en^e ao Be^epa OT<$iiTb hx^!... CaymafiTe, na- 
neHBRa, pasei Bam lyrE xy;(0? Mu chxhitb, rjurxHiTB na npoxoxflnpff 
HapoAi»..* FoBopK) se saiTE, ^o noeiriteiTB. Cnpocirre ce&b ^to- 
HH6y;^b. 

— EjaroAapcrByflre, mh no-ropjo chtu, — otiuiBEjrB IIIap6oH- 
nejL. 

^HJiBB^Hi sasypHJTb cHrapy. Ohi onposHHyjca na cnsHKy 
cryjia, sacynyjL'B najiBitH sa SHJierB, Bunflnu'E rpy;^ h pacsa^s- 
Bazcfl BciiTb TyjatOBBD^eirB. Fjasa ero iLfbiH otb tfjiaateffCTBa. 
BxpyrB ero oc^nnjia Hxefl. 

— Seaere ^t6? — saBpOTan owh: — sasipa yrpoiTB, bi ccmb 
qacoBi, fl )iBjH>cb BfB BaifB, yBe^QT CB co6ofi H nosasy secB 

UpaSXHHBTB. Fm! EJlfiTbj 1T0*JB? 

IIIap6oHHejiH cb Hcnyroirb norjKflx^jra xpyrb na Apyra. Ho 
OHx coo6ii^Hjii mrb bck> nporpaimy. OffB roBopexB mrB roiocom 
BOxaRa MexB^A^tf, sacraBjaion^TO uflcaTL xHmRy. Ytpoitb BaBrpucL 
n Ilaje-poflji'l n nporyjBa no ropo;^. Uocjsb nosjxasi na Hh- 
sajHXHOfi luon^iAH BoeHHiia sptjEn^a, npHBOBiie croafiu, T^Kra 
cnyn^eHHuxi mapoBi^ yHOCflupxi 6oH(k)HBepBH ch BOH^^eBiaioi, 
(JoAmofl mapB ch jipjEijifiWh hbi JiexeHi^OBi^. Be^epoMi o(NM^ y 
BHasoMaro eny BHHoroproBi^ay na natfepesHofl Ehjibh, ^epBepsB, 
rjiaBHafl mryBa Boroparo xoJUKHa HsofipassaTB ByneA; nporyiBa 

Ha HUlOMHHaipiO. H npHHflJICfl TOJnOBaTB HlTb Q&b oraeHHOiTB 

Bpecri, BOTopufl BOBXBHraiorB B9LXh oiejeiTB IIo'freTHaro JlerioHa; 
BOJune^HOMi ABopi^i na njon^aAH Gorjatacui, a^a Boioparo noHaxo- 

<$HJIOCB AeBflTBCOTTB-nflTBAeCflrB TKCflTB pa8H0ItB§THIIX1^ CTeBOJl'^ 

6amH'l CeHi-JKaBa, craTya Boropott 6jf,erb Euierh bh^b sasseH- 
naro ^^aBeja. H tslkb BaBi inap6oHHejH Bce en^e BOietfa^HCB, oetb 
HaBJOHHicfl BX HHirB, HOHHsafl foiocb: 

IIOTOITB, Ha BOSBparHOlTB nyiHy MH OCTaH(NBHMCa KB OffMA 

MOJio^Hoft, FB yjLJLuib CeHH, vfjb roTOBflrB laBoi cyn<B ch dipom, 
^To najn»wBH otfjnuBemB. 

TyrB IUap<k)HHeiH ne hocm^h oTBasaTBCfl. Hxs Burapan^eH- 
Hue rjiasa Biipasajin sa-pavB h x^tcboo jnoionarcrBO^ h x^iodl 
yasacB. Ohh nyBCTBOBajiH cefia bo BjacTH eroro crpaniHaro neio- 
BftBa. M-me IIIap6oHHejiB toibbo h Horja nporoBopiRL: 

— Axi! yasB aroTB nap«jKB, IlapHSB!.. Hy, xa ysx paffB us bi 
Hero nonajiE, tobb nya&HO Boe bh^^tb. Ho eciH6H bh 3Han, m-r 
SLuBB^ffBy BaByK) MH CHOBofiHyK) JKHSHB BeiH vb EjaccaHft! y 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dSEffL VJVOWb. 159 

nxh rmxyrh BOHcepBu, BapeHKfl, BHniHH, HacroAHHEifl ea 

V^Aj SOpHHmOHU... 

— *He<k)Cb, MaMeHBsa, — OTB^qajB Shjibs^fl, pasBeceaHBiiiificfl 
IP loro, mo saroBopHJTb cb nefi na m^. — Th BUHrpaemB cboI 
npoqeccB h npHrjacHniB Meefl jffb ce&k kB focth, ee npaB^a .ib? 
Mh noiMieMifc Bdb Bwkcrb yron^aiBCA tbohmh BOHcepBaiiH. 

H HaiHjrB ce6i emfi pionsy no.iBiHHOfi boxkh. Ohi» 6uji'b co- 
wAsn wbsiwb. Ob HHHyry TJMj^JTh owe vkKHUMH rjiaBaHH na niap- 
fioHBeiefi. Eicy xoi^jiocb, wio6u bc^hi 6eijo Becejio. Bxpyn owl 
Boao CB iftcra h saifaxajTB a^hheimh pyBaifH^ HcnycKaa pasHua 
spnuBHBUi BOCBJiHitaHifl! M-me MeaaHH Roppepi, vh mejKOBOM'B 
uaivb cHsaro i^ia^ npoxo^iuia no yjinvjij na npoTHoonojiojKHOM'B 
Tponyaiyi. Ona noBepHyja rojiOBy n, noBHAHMOMy, ocrajiacB oienB 
fle^^oBOiBHa, jBMjsjbffh HfljBK^Ha, o^HaEo nepenjuja ^epesi yjHiQ^, 
TOiHO naBa. H Bor^a noAomjia b'b crojniBy, to xo^iro sacraBiua 
celSs npocHTBy npes^e ^"iifB corjacHjiacB otb^aatb ^ero-HH6yAB. 

— Hy, Bimefire pionowy BHnmeBBH, — yroBapsBaji JKhjib- 
vhrb. — Bb^B BEi ee .notfexe... IIoMHHTe, bi yjn^*! BaHH6, 6uBdao... 
Aj3i Becejioe to 6ilio BpeMAHKo! dra TOJifcrafl CROTHHa EoppSpB! 

Ona coraacB jaeB, nasoHei^, cbcTB, Borxa B^pyrB rpoHBifi ryxB 
wpo&bmtirb vb TOJirik. Tyisuou^ej to^ho hx'b no;^BaTHjrB BHxpB, 
iff>if^Tiifi> Kiepe^ib, C20BH0 HcnyraHHoe CTa^o. IIIapdoHHeiH hhcthhb- 
hbho BCBOiHJiH, qTo6H 6%saTB sa TOJinofi. Ho Tflsejafl pyica Shjb- 
i^sa npHSOBaia htb bb eryjy. OffB no6arpoB%xB. 

— He CB M^kTa, ^opTB BacB no6epH! ji^ffne npHieasa... Bsi 
yBBABTe, ^0 BC% 8TH 6ojBaHBi pacniH6yTB ce6ik bocu. 3to npo- 
tean xapxBHajTB-jerarB. IIjieBaTB HairB na sapxHHaja-JieraTa, ne 
mK^ MB? S, Haxosy ocBopfiirrejBHmrB, ^to n^na He npi'lxajii cairB 
mHO. BsMCfl 611TB BpecTHHiTB OTi^oifB, TaiTB H EpecTE!.. BosycB 
BtxB, HTO HajnoTsy ne noHecyrB en^e paHBme nojynaca. 

Maio-no-xaiy xuixh oi^HBaxB y Hero no^reme. Ohb noBep- 
lyxB CBoft cryjTB, nycxajTB ffiwb vb hocb npoxosmrB, noxMHTH* 
mn seBHtHHaiTB, cb BiiBiiBaiomHirB bhaoitb oaa^jtb na Mys^HH^. 
Ha xociy HorpB-jI^airB, vb h^bojibbhxx maraxi, npoHsomjia CBajuca 
it; jioniaAH 5hjh soniiTOirB otb Herepn^mfl^ HynABpU} pac- 

BOJIOTOITB H yC&flHHUe OpXeHailB, BUCmHXl CaHOBHHKOBl H 
I BOeSHBZl HHHOBl BHXH^HCB y ABepe^B. 

— BeniBy saaaa VBmypa!— npoOopnoTajTB Hhjbb^hb, cb ycMini- 
lot ^leJOBiBa, croan^aro BHme Bcero BToro. 

Ho BOTB nojTB^xaia sapeTa cb Ha($epesHofi MesHCcepH, h ohb 
IJIB me OHpOBHHyjB croia, saopasib: 

— Faaxa! PyroHi! 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



160 B1K0THK1PB SBPOnH. 

By CTOfl, offB nocujULjFh npHB^TCTBui pysoS^ otirflflyroll nepiaixoi. 
noTOMXy 6oflCB, ^To ero He sem^tb, bsaji cbod coMomdmijn 
mjuny h npHHAJStcfl ev> MaxaTb. Pyroorb, vh MyHXHpi cenaiopa, 
npEBJieKai'b Bceo6ii^ee BHHMame h nocn'j&niHO HupHyjrB vb Tjy6h 
saperu. Torxa 2BLh^br6hi 8aBpviaji» eiiy, ycrpoHRb Tpy6y vffh caom 
jifiyTh syjiaKOBi, Roropiie noAHecB Kb Tj6au%. HanpoTHB%, h» 
Tporryapi, c^HpajiacB lojna, saHHrepecoBaHHafl tficHOBameirB b^- 
3HJSU, OA^Taro wb sejnyH) nansy. HaBOHeqB, Kj^epb yxapHn no 
jomaAfliTB, Bapera noBaxHjacB no Mocry Hoipi-^airB. 

— ^a saMOJ^HTe se, — nporoBopua rjyxHiTB roJOCOiCB m-me 
Koppep'B, cxBETflBi sa pyxy &kfif)Bavo lejo^sa. 

Ofb He cpasy corjacHJicfl ycicTBca Ha m-Ict^. npHnoxHExaioi 
Ha AunoHKax'B, ^to6ei ne norepaTB BapeiEi Pyrona hsi bhd^, h 
nocjiajTB Hoca'ixHitt Mzirb BocsjiHi^tHifi BCJiijiib j&bveaBmiatb ko- 
jiecaiTB. 

-^ Ax-b! npeAaxejB! Bee bto noroMy, ^to y Hero xenepB pac- 
mHTO dOJOTOiTB najBTo! A Bce se, JH)6e8Hufl, th He pasB qero- 
jflai vb canoraxi TeoAopa! 

BoBpyrB Hero 6ypsya, sac^AaBmie ctb cbohmh AftMaior sa cexUD 

HJH BOCeHBH) MaJieHBBHJIH CTOJIHRaME, CTOflBmHMH y BO^^fiflH, BII- 

poKO Tapan^;iH raasa, vb oco6eHHOCTH sa codbffiBWb ctojoitb ceiBfl, 
cocTOflBmas hsi omia, MaiepH h Tponx'B xlTefi, cjiymajia ero ch 
rjiytfoBHiTB BHHMaHieifB. Owb oxopamHBajicfl, vb Bocroprt, ^ro era 
cjiymaiorB. MeAJieHHO otiBe^fl BsrjiflAOirB ny6jHBy, owb npoHSHecs 
oneHB rpoMBO, ycasHBaflCB na cBoe iiiiCTo: 

— PyroHx! Aa vbjsjb s. ero BMBejix vb ^ioah! 

TaiTB j&dLK'b m-me EoppCpx crapajiacB nepe(5HTB ero, ohb npi' 
BBaji ee fb cbha^tojibhhipi. B^ab e& Bce »to xopomo HSBicrao. 
9x0 npoHCxoAHJO y nefl na sBapTHp^^ vb j^iinsjb BaHH6, BBOieii 
BaHH6. Ysib He cranerB se OHa OTpH]](aTB, hto ohi pasB xbaa-* 
itaTB ccysaj'B PyroHa canoraMH, BorAa ion Tacsajicfl k:b npHJin* 
HHifB xfOffiwb ycrpaHBatB BaBifl-TO A^ja, bi EOxopHxi hhsto bI' 
^ero He mofb hohatb. Y Pyrona vb oro Bpexa 6iua napa cmh^ 
TaHHHX'B danniaBOB^B, oti» EoropHxi OTBepnyjicfl 6h BCflBifi ipflBi^* 

HHBl. H HBBJIOHHBmHCB Cb nO^^AOHOCHBUffB BHAOMl KB COCbfJOtXJ 

CTOJiy, npHFjiamaj'B ceMBio BirbmaTBCfl vb pasroBopx, BO^siniiafl: 

— HirB, TOprB B08BMH, OHa He csaseTB: h^^tb. B*ab vb Ha* 
pHsi OHa caifa synHja eny nepByK) napy hobsixi canorb. 

M-me Eoppgpi noBepnyjiacB cnHHoi Kb KHjBseHy h a^^^^ 
bha:b, hto ho npHHaAJeacHrB kb ero o6mficmj. miEtpdOHHeji no- 
6jl%Ah^^9 sasi nojOTHo, cjuma, saBi^ OT^^BmaiorB ^exoiA^ 
AOiseHCTBOBaBmaro nojoanHTB hitb vb sapiiaH^B nflTBCon racs^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dSBH'b pyroffb. 161 

IpasBOffB. Ho Xhjs[bb6h% sasycHJi'B yxHJia — e cb (JesROHeHHiiMH 

noipo^HOciflMH nepeAasaji nanajio BapLepu Pyrona. Cetia caiioro 

m HtsuBan ^luoco^Mib; xenepB ovb ciri^jicfl, noovepeAHO o6pa- 

q^CB xo BciiTb noTpe^Hiejuucb, sac^AaBiirairB sa crojiEBanH, i^- 

pfto, sjeBarL na no^i^ imii h o&hSLCEsutb hitb, ^to npHBHKB 

n JDXcsofl He6jaroAapHOCTH h xoBOACTByerca CBOHM'b cotfciBeH- 

ma yBasemeiTB, h noBTOpaji'B, hto BHseax Pyrona bi xidah. 

EfL Ty anoxy OB'S ^ujtb soMMHcdoHepoifb no ^acm tfjiaroBOHHiiixB 

KttapoBfi; HO ToproBjfl He mia, noTOMy ^rro tfiuia pecny5jiEsa. 06a 

omjxBpaxH Cb rojo^a fb oxnofi ROHypi. Torxa eny npHnuio hb 

ituofij noxrOBopHTB Pyrona BuoHcaTB npoBancsaro nacia otb oa- 

mo uaccaHCBaro deujieBjukKbjihiifl.j h otia, KasAiift ci> CBoeft cro- 

poHH, nycTHJiHCB rpaHHTb napHSCsyH) HOcroByio (tb yrpa ao ho^h^ 

ci o6pa8UBaifH Macia vb sapHaHi. PyroHB 6ujrh ne hs'b job- 

ua, oxHaso BOSBpan^aicfl nnorxa ch bhtoahiimh saBasaicH otb 

BasHtai jnnvB, ri soropHirB xaacHBaji'B btb rocifl. Axi, Baxafl 

wiBMa 9r(ypb PyroHi; b^ab bo MHorsxi seni.ax'B okb rjynie ry- 

caia, a xurepi^ — me^iBiial Easi offB nposexB sa hocx TeoAopa na 

noimsi! TyrB Hhab^h'b hohhshj'b ro^oci h noAMHTHyji'B ria* 

sauq BixB e owl npHHftAJeacaji'B b'b hxi msAvb. EavB se: Oi- 

iw no sa(SaHBaici npexM'bcTBfl, r^i npoBosraamaxB: ^a SApas- 

enyerb pecnyCjuBa! ^to-si A^jiaxB, npnxoAHJiocB npsBHAUBaTBca 

peoiy^iHKaHiieirB, hto6u natfnpaTB npnBepseni^eBi. HicnepiH xMsna 

csasaTB eMy 6(aBmoe cnacH6o. Hy^ botb, a niinepifl h yxoiTB ne 

^levh. Bi TO BpeMfl, sasi PyroB!B n ero maftKa Aijisvb nes^ 

co(k)K) nnporB, ero 0CTaBJiaH)rB aa abopbh), BaKi> napmnByK) co- 

(i»iy. OffB, Bnpo^eMi, npe^no^HTaerB bw; owl jy^me xo^ctb 

ociaBaiBCfl HesaBHCBMUM'B. Ohi» maj^terB o(h» oahoitb tojlbbo: o 

Toio, vro ne noBonvjcB cb pecnygjHBaHnaMw saBB ciijijeTby hto 

BaAO(ko 6u tiHao ciiecTH cb jlujijbl seMJH ary cbojou. 

— BOTB TOSe OHBTB H MaJICTBBifi AK)-nya84, BOTOpHfi npHBH- 

JWBieica, 6yxco He ysnaen neHfl, — saBOH^HXB oh'b. — IIopoceHOBB^ 
loiopoMy a ne pa^B Ha($0BajrB Tpy6By... fl^jo-UjeMl noxnpe^^eBTB! 
9 njfob ero vb oxBOfi py6aniBi cb AoaroBJisott Aiieaiefi) Boropaa, 
<!bbuo, BsmBupneTB ero sa ABepB, cb noAsaTiUBHEBOifB, ecjin on^ 
^0 BexeTB ce6a. 

Ohb na iCHHyry yno^BB, Bnesanno npixoAH bi yHHjatenie^ cb 
fJ^tsam, oiyManeHHUMH xuiiewb. IIoTOirB cnoBa saroBopHjrB, o6- 
.^Xfl pjasBMH BCio ny6.uiBy: 

— Hy-CB, Bii sHA&iH PyroHa!.. & TaBoro se pocra, BaBB h 
^ I laBBXi xe jAvh. GifiH) aT^c^^^) vro FoaoBa y Menn no* 
^y^ffie ycrpoesa, HJbcB y nero. Hy, botb, pasBi 6u a ne CByirla^B 

Twft L— aHBAPi^ 1876. 11 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



162 BftCTHm SBPonH. 

nxme xopomo pasBajiiiibCfl vb sapeii, sairB ara TOJEcras CBiH&fl, 
Kb passojio^eHOMi MyHAHp^? 

Ho vb 9Ty KHHyry laBOft ctowh noxHUCfl Ha nion^axH PaTymn, 
HTO IIpHcyTCTByK)I^ie h He noxyMajui (nsb^HTb. Tojna cHOsa ny- 

CTHjiaCB &bXATh\ BEXH^HCB TOJIBKO HOFH MyS^HffB, MeJIBRaBUlijI Vb 

BOBAyx'i; senn^HHii no;(HHMajiH njaxBH jifl zojAwb^ nosasHBafl (/b- 
lue ^yjncH, hto6u yAoCnie 6hjo CikasMh. H mRi xaicB myirB Boe 
npntfjiHsajicfl, SSuhjbr^hi daspn^ajTB: 

— y-y! 8T0 MajMOTEa!.. CKOpie sanjiaTHTe nan& IHaptfoHHeiB, 
H HAHre Bci sa mhoA. 

M-me KoppSpi cxBaxEJia ero sa nojiy sejuaro HansoBaro ciop- 
xyBa, HT0611 He noxepaTBca fb tojo^. M-me IIIap6oHHejiB noAfcsaia 
8a Hefi, Bca sanHxaBmecB. Oh'6 nyxB ne norepajH no xopori IQap- 
6oHHejifl. ^HjBR^Hi 6pocHJicfl Vb caMyK) TOJHy, p'j^oiHTeAHO pa6o- 
Tafl jiOKTJiMH H o^Hn^aa ce6i Aopory; owb x^ttcTBOBaxB cb xaisoS 
8Hepriefi, ^TO caMiie i^cnne pfl^H pascrynajiHCB nepexBHHicB. So- 
r^a OHi A0<$pajc£ ffl napanera Ha6epesH0ft, to pa8ir6cTHjn> cbok) 
nytfjHBy. Owb npHno^HajTB ffiM% h nocaxH^irB bxi na napanerB, 
HoraxH K'B piai, necHOipfl na BpssH Hcnyra, KOiopue owk Hcnyc- 
ujra. CaM!B offB H niapdoHHejcB craiH csaxH hhxi. 

— Hy, HTO! MOH KOmeHRH, BOrB BH H BTB HepBOITB fifj tf^r 

cejTB, — ycnosoHBajTB ohi hxi. — He (SoftiecB^ mei tfyxeMi Baci 
xepsaxB. 

Oh^b cxBaiiLTB oti^HMH pysaifH TOJcryH) xajriio m-me Eopp&pB) 
BOTopaa eiiy yjiu6HyjacB. He 6um HHsaaoft bosmoshocth cepprbca 
Ha dToro nocrp&ia. OAHaso HHHero eo^e ne 611J10 bhaho. Ho he- 
npaBJiemH) vb njion^aXH ParymH rojiOBH BOJHxajiHCB, aohocuocb 
rpoMKoe «ypa!» IDjunH jerajH vb wsjiyxij nox($paciiBaeinia HesH- 
AHMEDCH pysaMH, H 810 BOJIHeHie, TOHHO MopcKafl Boina, Mex^eHHO 
nepexaBajiocB jsfiixbme. Botb BaBOjraoBajuiCB Aoxa Ha(^pesH0fi Ha- 
nojieona, BOSBumaBmieca nanpoTHBx njion^axii; y obohi juoah npi- 
noxHHMajracB na ivihowh; TOJaajuiCB Cb BOCxHn^eHHUKH isanMa, 
nporaniBafl pyan vb neMy-ro, bj^bo, no nanpaBJEeHiio k^b yjasnik 
Phbojih. n KB Tenenie TpexB MnnyrB, noBasaBnuxca B^^raciBK), 
MOCFB ocxaBaica nycrmcB. EoaoBOja Hoipi-Jl^aicBy uobho o^esy- 
¥!bwb on paAOCTE, BasBOHHJiH eu^e rpome. * 

BApyTB, cpexH BBBOJHOBaHHott TOJUQi, HOBasancB Tpy6MB Hft 
($eBj[H)AHoirB Mocry. FpoHaxHiii Bs^orB npoHecca h BaMepi; noroirB 
flacrynHJia 6jiaroroB%ftHafl xHniHHa. HosaAH Tpy6aqeft h xopa uy- , 
8HBH, caJ^AOBaBmeft sa hhmh, nOBasajicfl renepaxB sepxoarB Haio- 
mw^j Vb conpoBosA^Hui rjaBHaro mratfa. Sai^Mib cj^osaiH acsa- 
j^Bu Kapa6HHepoBi, AP^ryHi, a sa hhmh napaAHHa sapeiH. Hxb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



assffb PTFOffb. 163 

tajo ciaqaja BoceicB, sanpiseHHuxib mecrepHKOiTB. Bi nepBHxi 
of^E craTCB-xftmi, KaMeprepu, npnxBopBiifi nnnTB EMnepaTopa h 
n^IepaTpHI^2, ^peftjHHu h BeaHBas repitorHHfl daxeHCsafl, sacrynas- 
ma BOCnpieMHHiQr. 2Khas6hx, He BunycBaBmifi m-me RoppSpi, 
oliucHfljrB eft csaxH, hto BOcnpieiiHHi^a, mBe^^cKaa sopojeBa, xaR- 
le sasi H BocnpieMHHR'B^ He bsajh na ce6fl xpy^ft xpoHyrBcs 
ci vkm. IIoTOirB, KorAa npo'ixajiH ce;i(BMafl h BocBMaa sapexu^ 
onnsKiBaj'B oco6i, cmjmmjsTh vb nnrB, (tb ^MiMEJiBflpHOCTBR), no- 
laaDaBmeff; ^ro oh^ soporso sHasoirB co bc^mi, ht6 npoHCxo- 
m npE ABOpik. Bon drn ab% AftMu: OAHa hbi hex^ npHHi^ecca 
MtnijBAa. 9th Tpoe tocdoa'b: BopojB SBiepoirB, npHHi^ niBe;^- 
CDi H npHHi^B HanoJieoH'B; cb hhmh chpttb BejEBaa repi^orHEji 
(SWHCKafi. KopTejRi MexjeHHO ABHrajcji. Bos^*]^ ABepei^'B saperB 
npi(OBajH Ha jtomaAflxi mrajiMeficTepU) aAi>K)TaHTu. 

— r^t «e MajioTBa? — cnpocHJia m*me Eoppfipib cb nerep- 
ulffleirB. 

— He6ocB! ero ne cnpaiajiH ho^tb jaBKj, — OTB^^aj'B ^ejb- 
tkn aribcB. — noroAHie, cefinaci yBHAniTB h ero. 

Ohb Kp^nqe csajTB lajiiio m-me EoppCpi, KOTopaa npHSHHa- 
aa SB Heifj, roBops, ^to Cohtca ynacTB. H Bxpyra^ npHAfl vb 

BOCTOpPB; OH^B HpotfopHOTaj^: 

— Hyx^ FirB! KpacHBoe sp&iHH^e, npaBo! Behib, Bas'B eitb 
xopomo, vnwh npon^ajiurasTB b'b exi aTjiacHHxiB an^ERaxi... IIo- 

j^JMSTB TOaBKO, ^TO vb^b fl COB^aJTB BCe 9T0! 

OffB xopoxopEJca: Bopiesx, Tojna, BecB ropESOHTB npEHa;i(die- 
ttii eny. Ho cpe^E BpaTBaro tfesMOJBifl, BHSBaHnaro noflBjemeiTB 
DepBHxi BapcTB, BxpypB HOAHHJiCfl CTpaniHnfi FBaxTB; xenepB yase 
Ha caMoft Ha6epesHofi mjuinu aerajE na^^ rojiOBaiiE. IIocpexE 
vocra npo^^BsajB mecTB nnBepoBi EMnepaxopa vb cboexx sejie- 
HBiB jTOBpeiixx, Bi BpyTJUxi maHBax'B, BOspyrB Koropuxi nviftjoL 
manifl KflCTH mflpOKaro rajiyna. H, HasoHei^B, noBasajiacB Kapera 
nmepaTpnipi: ee BesjiE BoceMB jomaAefi; no HenipeirB yrjuiH'B By- 
MM BpacoBajracB ^erupe onenB 6oraTEirB ^onapn, e bca ona tftua 
n^cmLiarB^ mnpoBafl, Bpyrjian, h noxoxEJia na xpycrajBHufi ad^bi, 

OqljiaHHIlS SOJIOTHME HOJOCBaME E HOCTaKieHHElft Ha SOJOTHfl BO* 

wi. BnyrpE echo* bbah^ocb bi otfjiaBax'B 6&iaro Bpysesa po- 
Moe aE^EBO EMnepaTopcBaro npEHi^a, Boroparo ji^epauua na bo- 
Aaxb BocHHraTejBHEi^ x^Tefi ^pani^E. Bo3jrl nen CE^tjia Bop- 
ttniUt, BpacHBaa 6yprEHB0HBa cb sAopoBeHHOft rpyxBio. 3ar6irB^ 
n vAcKoxhKavb maraxi nocjA rpyoHu vAmaxb BOHH)xoffB h 
KGHHHxi erepefi, feajia Bapera Ennepaiopa, xose sanpaseHHas 
BoeuiepBoi .lomaAefi e lasaa se BeJiEBOJi'i^nsafl, e bi nefi Hime- 

11* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



164: BfiGTHIKl EBPOnH. 

paTOfKB H HMnepaTpHi^a pacRaaHHBajiECB nanpaBO h hoji^bo. 7 ;(Be* 
pei^i o($iHxi EaperB Mapmajni, He Hopn^acB, NorajiH miJiB, Ah 
SHBinyiocfl Ha BunmBKH mx'b uyEjpxpovb. 

— B^pyrB MOCTb no^woMHTca! — nporoBopHJi, 0CMa6jaaa 
SSbHUhBikwbj BOo6paseHiH) soroparo HpaBHJHCB crpamnnfl RaprBHH. 

M-me Eoppgpi, ncnyraHnafl, B&i'&ia eiiy saMOJiHan*. Ho oetb 
HacraHBajTb, TOJiKya, ^ro seji'isHHe moctu HHBorxa ne tfiiBaionr 
o^eHb npo^Hu; h, Kor^a o&k Kaperu onyTHJHCb nocpe^H Mocia, obi 
Ha^azi 6osHTBCfl^ ^to bhahtb, KBJi'b MOCTB maTaeicH. 

— BoTB BHaxHoe 6jflffn> BynaHLe, HoprB bosbmh! Ilank, MM&y 
AHTfl— bc4 OEynyTCfl vb BOjy! 

Eaperu MexJieHHO saTHJiHCB, 6e3i BCflBaro myica. Moctb tftiis 
laBi jeros'B ci» ero x^nHHOft, Mancofi xyrofl, hto OHt xouo 
BHc^jH na;^ p^BOfi; a BHHsy, vb rojiy6ofi CBaxepTH) OTpasana 
OH*!, TOMHO crpaHHUfl aojOTUff piidu, njaBaion^ui bi boa%. Hiine* 
paxop^ n HMnepaTpei^a, neMHoro yrOMjieHHiie, onepjiBCB roJOBOft 
Ha MarBifi auacB, pa^acB, hto xotb na MHHyry MoryrB ycBOJOS- 
HyxB orB BHHMama TO^mi h ne pacBjaHEBaTBCH cb neft. BocnHTa- 
TejiBHEifa jijbrei ^paniuH rose BOcnoJiBdOBajiacB nycroroS Tponya- 
poBi», HTo6u nonpaBHTB MajieHBBaro npHHi^a, cB'bxaBniaro y nes 
CB KOJi^wh] uesiKy '^^'^ saBB BopMEJHi^a, HarHyBmHCB, yiHtfa- 
jacB eiiy. H BecB Bopresi Byna^cfl vb cojLBni; nynxflpH, napfl- 
Au, c6pyfl ropi^jni; BapeTBi, toiho apBia CB^biBjia, 6pocaiH or* 

6jeCBB, BOTOpBlfi CBOJIBBBJTB Ha ^epHHXi AOMaxi HanOJieOHOBCBOi 

Ha6epesH0fi. B^a^H, na;^ saperaMH BOBBuma^acB, to^iho ^h^ 
dxofi BapTHHU) Ta se MOHyMeHrajBHafl BUB^sa, napHCOBaHHaa na 
cAwb mecTE-BTasHaro ;^OMa na ocrpoBi CeffB-JIyH — cipufi nycroft 
dopryBi.^ nox'B BOTOpuirB ne ^yBCXBOBajocB rlaa h Boropiifi coiune 
BajHBajio CB^TOM'B anooeosa. 

SSbHJiBBeH'B saM'iTnjrB CH)pTyBB bi topb MOMenrBy BasBOH'Bpas- 
B^Bajicfl na^B o6'6HifH BaperaifE. Owh saBpH^axB: 

— ^JIfl;^H-Ba! BOHB laM-B caMx j[,b]^i (Jojiaexca! 

EpyroifB, Bx tojh^, pascifbajiHCB. IIIap6oHHejiB, BoropuS ne 
noHajTB vh Hem Kbzo^ noTpe(SoBajrB ofixacHenia. Ho yae HH^ero 
HejiB3a 6uzo pasotfpaiB: pas^ajiocB orjiymaiomee «ypa!» TpHcra th- 
cflqi napo^a, AftBBBmaro Apjrh Apyra, xjonaiH bi jaAonm. Eor^a 
MajieHBBifi npHHi^'B f,oixfun> ff> cpexHHBi MOCTa, a sa hhitb noEa- 
sajiHCB HMnepaTopi n HMnepaTpnita, na 8tomx mnpoBOifB, OTBps* 
T0M1B npocTpancTBi, rfli hdhto ne crficHaJo BsopoBX, HeotfHBHO- 
BeHHoe BOJiHeHie OBJiaA'J^JO spHiejflMB. Hapo^'B no'iyBcrBOBajii totb 
BHesanHufi HepBHufi BOcropr'B, BOiopEifi npoHOCHTca nopoio, BaxB 
ypaiUffB CB o;^oro Boni^a ropo;(a jsp ;^yroro. Mys^HHU npiuiox- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



dxjwb pyroH'B. 1S5 

EnajvcB Ha ipino^Raxi, casa^n jsjbtei Kh ce6^ BepxoiTB na me^ 
zeHn^HHu njEKajin, nocujiajiH h'^shbia npHS'^xcTBifl «MHjioMy na- 
wntk^, oconajni jiacROBUMH cjOBaMn HMnepaTopcsyfO ?CTy! Bypii 
KpHXOB^ npoAOJisaja HecTHCB cb njon^aAH PaTymn, Mes^Q^ rbwh 
BWB Ha HaOepesHHXx CB^Byxi croponx, na BceM'B npocrpancTBik, 
niKoe TaiBBO mopb o6HflTB oas'B, bba^ht» 6ajrh jibch ns^ pys'B, bu- 
TSHynix*B H MaxaBniHx^ vh Bos^yx^. Y oboh^ pa3B%BajncB njiaTsg, 
muoHHjracB TyjiOBHn^a ch nujiaBinHMH jiHi^aHH. A cobc^itb B^ajiH, 
oiBi AOMOBi Ha ocrpoBi; CeffB-JTyn, ysKia, imikx tcpto^bh, npo- 
BQlMHiifl pamsyjeiTB, o^sebjiajhcb RaBHMH-ro 6'£jniMH HCBopBaMH, 
asHBH), BOTopofl HejLSfl 6ujio xopomeHBKO pa3o6paTb. Mem^ty vbwb 
joxOHHHBH vh BpacHnxi sypTRaxx, CTOH nocpe^H CeHii^ ynocHB- 
met vx'hj Bpn^ajiH bo Bce rop;io; a npa^BH, BncyHyBmHCB na no- 
joBHHy B3i HJOTa, CB FOJUMH pyRaMH, pacTpenaHHHfl, oCesyM'iB- 
unsij sejiafl, bo hto (5U to hh craao, 6uTh yciumaHBiiMH, Hso-Bcett 

XO^H BOJOTHJIH Ba^BSaME, pHCByH HXl CJOMaiB. 

— KoHqeHo, HottAeMTe, — CBaBajii JKMBKeffB. 

Ho inap6oHHe.iH saxoi^JH ocraTBCfl jsp m>wafi. Xboctb sopresa, 

9CKIM(P0HH rBapAiu, BHpaCHpOBli H Rapa^HHepOBl yXOAH.111 B^ JIEUJ 

ApBOJB. 3aTtM'B noAHHJCfl crpaniH'bflniiS rBajTB, ;^BofiHafl mepenra 
Hii^OHajiBrapAOBi n jiHHefiHBix'B co.ixa'TB 6fir^a cMflxa b'b nikBO^B- 
KHXi irbcrax^; acenn^flHEi RpH^ajn. 

— IIoflAeMTe, — noBTopnji SSH^BBeHi: — 6y;^erB ;(aBBa. 

H cca^HB^ ;^aM'B na iporryapx, oht. nepeBea-B hxi qepes'B 
yieuy, seciiOTpH na TOJiny; m-me Ropp6pB h niaptfonnejiH 6uj[h 
Toro mbms^ tto na^o Eji;m baojb napanera na moctb Horpx-^airB 
h TL0V2B]i;iTbj ^t6 nponcxoAHTB Ha n^on^aAH IlapBA. Ho ohi hxb 
He cayma^TB h Tau^mi'B sa co6ofi. Ror^a ohh CHOsa ovyrHJiHCB 
6iBn Ma^eflBBofi bo^Ahh, oh-b TOJBHyj'B hxi bx Heft n yctLjijijn> 
3a CTOXBy Sa BOTOpHMl OHH paHBHie CH;d^H. 

. — Bbhib bei RaBie jOBBie! — spHHajix ohb hmi. — Pa8B% bh 
jQncaere, hto mh^^ sejiarejBHO, ^to6u arn s'bBaBH nepe(5HJiH nnt 
pyiH H Hora?.. BuHBeMi-Ba... HaMi xyn ropasxo jynnie, t6mx 
BB TOAirb. Twhl tfy^erB cb nacB tojbothh! B^ab 9to, HaBOHei^x, 
€TaHOBHTCfl Tjyno... Hy, ManeHBaa, niwh npHBaaBeie nacB hoa^h- 

BtfB? 

IIIap6oHHejni, cb soropuxi ohi^ ne cnycaajx cbohx'b crpam- 
HHXx rjasx, pHcanyjiH aia6o BOspasaiB e^y. HarB^Eio^eHB xot6- 
jocB norjiflx^ na beixox^b hbi i^epBBH. Tor^a oh7> o6iflCHH;rB hstb, 
<R0 Haxo JtaTB TOJinib npofirB; qepeax qeTBeprB vaca ohb noseAerB 
rav ecjH ToaBBO x&BBa ne tfyxerB otohb Bejinca. M-me Kopp6pi, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



166 BIM^HISl BBPOnH. 

N> TO BpeMff, RaffB owh npHBasuBaji'B Xx>jao noxaxB CHrapi h niBa, 
ocToposHO yxajiHJiacB. 

— Hy, xopomo, OTAOXHHie, — cBasaxa ona IIIap6oHHeaaiii^y— bh 
HeH2 Hafixere lani. 

Oea noBepnyjia na hoctb Horpi-Jl^airb h nonua no yimfi 
Cht9. Ho xaBEa xaifb 6um tslkl BejiExa, hto efi npninjiocB es 
A0(5pyiD HexBepTb ?aca AO^HpaxBOi ao yjHi^ii KoHcraHTeHi^. On 
AOJisna 6iijia CBepnyTB b'b jJivmy JbBopHx h yjiHiQr Tpoa-Eanm. 
HaBoeei^'B OHa BudpajiacB na nj[0iiwq» IlapBH, ocraBHRB n/kifd 
BOjani OTB cBoero CBsaro njiatLfl na orxyinHH^ saRoro-ro noxo- 
spHTOJiBHaro AOMa. njion^aAB^ ycHnaHHaa necBom, nospEirafl njsib- 
TaicH, 6ujL2i ycasena CT0.i6aMH ch sHaifeHaMH cb HimepaTopcxni 
rep6oirB. Ilepex^B i^epBOBBK), BOJioccajiBHBitt nopiHRrB, btb ^pA na- 
jaxRH, xpannpoBajix naroTy KaMHA saHaB^caifH hsb spacHaro 6ap- 
xaxa CB BOiiOTofi 6axpoMofi h RHcraMH. 

Tyvb m-me RoppSpB npHm^ocB ocraHOBHTBca nepe^^B mepen- 
rofi coa^arB, CAepsHBaBmHX'B toxelj. IIocpeAH mnpoKoft luomaxEE) 
ocTaBmeflcfl cboCoahoB, jaseH npoxasHBajHCB thxhvh maraiiH Bjm 
, dBHnasefi, BucrpoeHHHX'E vb hatb x^hhhuxb paxosB, a syiiepa 
TopsecTBeHHO BOdc^AajiH Ha BosjiaxB, xep»a bb pyBarB bossi. 
BuTflrHBafl meK) h OTucBHBaa EaByBO-HH^yxB cBBasHHRy, nqtesi 
KOTopyK) 6u OHa Morja npocsojiBSHyTB, m-me KoppSpnb saaHxIia 
Aio-IIyadd, cnoBOfiHo BypHBmaro CHrapy bb yrjy nion^aAH, nocpeff 
jaseeBB. 

— He Mosere je bu npoBecrn Mena fb ifepBOBB? — cnpooua 
OHa y Hero, Bor^a efi yxajiocB npHBjieHB ero BHBMame Maxameia 
njiaTBa h noAOSBaTB Kb ce&b. 

Owb csasajx ^to to o^ei^epy h npoBO^rB ee vh ifepBBH. 

— HoBipBTe, HO xoAHTO Tyj^a, ocraHBtecB ^jijbch co MHoft,— 
CBasaji^ OHB efi. — TaMB Tanafl xaBBa, hto mosho saji^oxHyTBCfl. 2 
ne MOFB BH^epjKaTB h BHmejrB bohi... FjHAHTe, botb nojnoBHHK^ 
H m-me EymapB Tose OTBasaancB npoTHCBHBaTBca bb Toani. 

JI,4flCTBHTeJBH0, BTH lOCHOAa CTOaJH TyTb, HaatBO, CO CTOpOHH 

ylH^H Cloltre Notre-Dame. 

EymapB pascBasuBajix, ^to nopy^EJib cbok) seny ji'3cBopafiJK), 
y BOTOparo otje^hoo specjo f^si AftMu. ^ro Bacaerca nojiROBHua; 
to owh auu&TBy ^to ho mopb HOBasaTB i^epeMOHiH ceoeny mny 
Onocry, BOToparo Aepaaj'B 3a pyBy. 

— SL 6u aejaai noEaaaTB OMy SHaMeHBTyio naray, — roBOpws 
OHB...— Bh sHaeTe, ona npHHaAiesaja cb. JbDAOBHBy; 8to x^XBai 
^ama cb HepHBK), caicaro npeBpacnaro nepcBACBaro ctbjui... xpeB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MUHl VJTOWb. 167 

BoczL mvh BpeHeH^B KpecTOBuxi noxoAOiTB, cjy»HBinafl BynejBio 
no9TH MM Bc^xi Bopaiefl. 

— Bh bhx&ih npoAeccuo? — cnpocvjrB BymairB y po-nyasi. 

— ^a, — OTBinai'B totb.— M-me Jlopasipb necjia tohmbb. 

H OKB XO^Seei tfUdTB odBflCHHXB HITB pasjinHiifl nOApO^HOCTH. 

J(u RpeciHHi* Bcerxa npnroTOBifliorB HennsB. Hhbto bsb ^thx^ 
rocnoxB 9Toro He seajTB, h Bci ohh ($hjih ymBjieBu. Ji,fO'Iljadh 
nepeuasHJTB hitb Tor;i(a npHHax^esHOCTH BpecTHHi: ?enHHB%, bocbo- 
vpo csFb^jj cojOHBy, caj^sy h np., Koropufl necjH npHXBopHua 

EiuH en^e pnsBH MajiOHBEaro npHHi^a^ BejmjsojrbuBusi^ yXHBH- 
leoEHfl, BHciBmifl bosji^ Bynein, na Bpecjri^. 

— KaR'B? Heysejra se kb iiepsBH h^tb he oahofo Kpome^- 
Biro Mtere^say — BCKpe^aja m-me KoppCpB, y Koropoft Jiio6onEiiy 
cno Bospocjio AO 6ojH otb bc^x'b aiHX'B poscicasHefi. 

Tor^a OHH nepe^HCJiHJiH eft bc£ y^pesAeHUi, bc£ BjaciH, Bcb 
xe^eraipH, Boropiifl nponun mbmo hbxi. To ^jml HecBOH^aeMaa 
opoi^ecciii: XBnjiOMaTH^ecBifi Bopny(rb, ceHarB, saBOHOAaxeAHiift Bop- 
J!jt^, rocyxApcTBeHHuft cobItb, saccaipoHHaH naiaia, BOHrpoAnas 
BtiaTa, BOHMepHecsifi cyjp> h cygh nepBOfi BHCTaH^iH, He CHHraa 
mHEcrpoBTB, npe(j[)eBTOBi, HspoBB H Hxi HOHon^HHBOKB, asaxeiiH- 
lovB) mrafirB-o^HiiepoBi, h BOH^afl AejeraiaMH orb eBpeficEoft h 
ipieaaBTCxofi BoncHcropift. H bto en^e ne Bce, 9to en^e ne Bce! 

— Boase Moft! bbbi bto ao^sho 6uTh npespacHo! — co bsao- 
xoiCE HporoBopBja m-me EoppSpB. 

^-Ilyasik nosaji'B nje^aHH. Oh^ 6uji'b crpamno ne fb jsjxi. 
BecB OTOTB jaoKh ero «6%cilii». Eny noBBAHMOHy xocasx^a npo- 
XOUHiejiBHOcrB itepeMOHur. EorAa-si btoohh, naBOHei^, Kon^arB? 
BlxB ysi npond^jH Veni (Jreatwr^ otfsypHjmcB jax^oiTB, naryjifl- 
ncB, HasxaHfliHCB. MajiK)TEy9 ao^ukho 6htb, yse OBpecTHJiH. By- 
m&pB H noaBOBHHBi, 6oJi%e lepnijiHBHe, fjiba^h na osna aomokb, 
BBXQjqiBmifl Ha HJion^axB h ycTiaHHiiJi BOBpanH. Mes^y t^b^^ 
OnocTB, BBICB060AHB1 CBOH) pysy h8% pyBi on^t, npocsojiBSHyjL'B ke 
nopnriy. M-me KoppSpi nocji^AOBaja sa hhm%. Ho kb to Bpeiui, 
ttXB ona npoxoABja mbmo rjiaBHBixi ABepeft, oTRpuriixi nacresB, 
Beo6i»HOBeHHoe spljBii^e npHBOBajio ee bb Micry. 

MesAy wyxB niHpoBBXi sanaB^CB rpoMaxHas ifepBOBB npeAcraaa 
QBpex^BHeft BasHirB-TO cBepxiecrecTBenHBiKi BHx^BieHi* Cboah cb£tjo- 
ittty6oro i^Biia yciflHBi 6usa SBtsAaiiH. Go bc^x'b croponi cb biioo- 
>Ri sojOHHi CHycBBJiBCB RpacHUB 6apxaTHB[fl APftBEpOBBH, saieH- 
Bflfimifl cja6iift h 6e8B Toro cb^tb, Boropufl npoHEBajB kb i^t- 
HHi oxBa. H cpexH dioS spacHofi hohh rop^jo Mope bocbobbixi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



168 roCTHni IBPOSH. 

CBf^TOft, isjbjmi jr6cB bocbobeitb cb^toA, HacaaseHHtix^ lavB t6cho 

OXea BOSJI*! XPyroB, HTOOH^ CJIHSaJIHCB K&Wh-6EL Vh OXHO CB^THJIOy 

CBepsaBinee }ifi3B.KdWh Hcspi. To rop&rb axrapB — nocpeAHei, na 
9CTpa;^; cnpasa h cxbM BOssHinajiHCB ;^ Tpona. UlHpoBiS 
(5ajixaxHHi H8% (Sapxam, noA6HTaro ropHOcraeMi, pascTH^ajicfl na;^ 

CaHUMl BUCOBHlfB H3^ TpOHOBX, TOHHO FEraHTCKafl WmSBL Ch ti^JEO- 

CEri^sHsirB 6pioxoirB, cb nypnypoBiiMH KpiiJiLflMH. HtforaTafl, pas- 
dOjiOHeHHaa, CBepsaBinafl Aparoi^'bHHEiMn BaMeH&flMH xojraa, Hanox- 
HflJia i^epBOBB: bou^ ajirapfly vh rjiytfHH^, ^QrxoBeHCTBO, enHCRonn 
Bi Mfnpax'B o6pa30Ba:iH Beinsoji^imoe sp^Hn^e, to^ho npocB^TX 
Vh He6o; BOBpyrB acrpaAH npHHi];Ei, iipvHi^eccu, caHOBHincH ciflJH 
i^apcTBeHHoft |)OCBOiiiBH); sari^irB, Cb ffijTb CTopoFL, m^H crynesH, 
Ha BOTopuxx spacoBajHCB HanpaBo AHiuoMaiiBHecBifi KopnycB e 
cenarB; Haj^Bo — saBOHOAaTejiBHHft KopnycB h rocyjtapcTBeHHHft co- 
B^Tb; ueTBijsj vbiTb Bas'B pasjiH^HH^ Aejle^a^ia tojiuhjihcb vb ocraiB- 
HOM'B upocrpancTB^, a ^dniUj Hasepxy, na spaia Tpn6ywhy pascm- 
jiaju flpsifl MaxepiH cbohx'b boctiomobb. Bee arc npexcraBiflaocB b^ 

SaBOlfB-TO BpOBBBOafB 06jLSiKb. FOJOBU, yCTaBJieHHHfl pflxaMH Vh 

TsyCEwby cnpaBa, cjAbb, coxpaHfljH tohh paspncoBaHHaro ^p4)opa. 
KocnoHH, hTMChj mejiBB, 6apxarB otjiebbjeh leimiiMH i^ESMMy 
TO^Ho roTOBHJHCB saniiJiaTB. 

ni'&rae pflx^ BxpyPB BaBB-6Bi saropajHCB; iipo({trajH bbbb-^u 
orHeHHHe asubh; rpoMaAHai i^epROBB niixajia BaRB orHeHHas ne^tB. 

TyrB m-me KoppCpB yBH^r^-ia, Basi BHcrjniHjrB Bnepe^B ijepe- 
KomSMeficxepB h Tpe pasa rpoMBo npoBpH^ajiTB: 

— J^a 8;ipaBCTByerB HnnepaTopcBifi npHHqi! — ;^a sxpaBCTByerB 
BiineparopcBift orpHHi^! xa SApaBCTByerB HMneparopcBit npHHi^^! 

H cpe^B rpoMsaro Bonjia, norpjicinaro cboas i^epBBH, m-me 
RoppeprB yBHA^^a HMnepaxopa, cromnaro na Bpaio acipa^rii h bos* 
BumaBmarocfl na^^ TOjnofi. Oh% Bu^'knijicfl nepHEiirb nfliHOMi Ha 

80JI0T0HI ^H^, BOTOpHft 06pa30BajIH HOSaj^H HeFO enHCBOHHy H 

HOBasuBaxB ny6jiHB% HMneparopcBaro npHHita,— Bpya&eBHofi CBeprosB, 
BOTopuS xepsajTB o^eHB bhcobo Ha Bmsmyrarb pyBax%. 

Ho BApyrB niBefti^apB orcrpaHHjrB pyBoft m-me Koppfipi. Ona 
oTcrynHja hb abb mara h nepe^B neft o^yrHjiacB toibbo xpanH* 
poBBB noprnBa. BB^^Hie nc^eaxo. TyrB xneBHOft cb^tb ocAirErB 
ee, H OHB npocTOBja cb MHHyry orjiymeHHaa; efi bbbbjiocb, ^o ona 
BB^a BBByio-To crapHHHyH) BapTBHy, bb poA% riXB, bbbib hbxo* 
;pncfl BB Jlyvpiy no^epn'bBmifl otb BpeMeHB, noBpacH^Bmui h pas- 

SOJIOHeHHUB, CB CTapBHHHMB JBI^aNB, BOTOpUXl He BCTp^THHIB HB 

yiBi^^. 



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dXIffB ?JTOWb. 169 

— He croftre Tyro, — cicasan eft .^lo-IIyaak, otboxs ee vh noji- 
KOBHflTsy H Bymapy. 

9th rocnoxa TOJncoBajiH TenepB npo HEBOXHeHifl. OnycromeHifl 

(kn yasacHH bi ^o^HHaxib Pohh n Jlyapu. Tuca^n ceMeficrBi 

(nynuHCB 6em spoBa. IIoxiihcrH; OTRpBrrufl co B(ATh cropoETB, 

6asE HexocraTO^HH a^h oKasaHia noMon^H crojiBRnirB nec^acrjEB- 

qun. Ho HMnepaTopi BiiBasuBaii y^HBHTejiBHyH) TBepxocTB gyxh 

V MKKo;Qni]ie: vh Mowk ohi vh ({po;rB nepexoAHJTB no RBapra- 

nn HHSHaro ropoxa, noBpfimiMib bo^oh); fb Typ^ ofb KarajiCH 

ss JOffci, B% Te^eniH xpexi nacoBi, no saTon^ennEnrb yjiHi^aM*E. 

H K8^ cnnan'E mhjioctiihid, ne cwxafl. 

— Hocjiymafire-Ra; — nepetfnj^ nojiBOBHHKb. 

Opran^ d^vyjxjkjVh fb i^epRBH. IUHpoBoe ninie necJOCB mrb pas- 
Bepcraro OTBepciifl nopniBa, xpannpoBBH Boxoparo so^isixajiHCB nojch 
amrs moh^ehm^ xyHOBeniesTB. 

— Hanajcfl MOJeCen^,— CRasajii Eymap'B. 

Jl^nyasJi BBAOxnyji'B cb ofijerTOHieBTB. Ohh, snaTOTB, bohihjih! 
He Byraapi o&McaVLjrh eny, ^xo aBiH eme ne noxnecanH. 3a- 
TbvB KapxHBarB xoJisen'B pasxaxB nancEoe djaroc^OBenie. O^naBO 
Espoxh yse noBajEji nm i^epBBH. 113^ nepBBix^ BHmejTB Pyron^, 
Be^a noffB pyBy xyxomaByio aeHmnny, cb ae^THirB Jini^oirB, oxtryio 
01^ npocTo. RaRoe-To cyxeftcRoe Jim^o, bb ROcnoM^ npesHxenra 
anneifliponHoS najiaxH, conpoBO^Xft^o hxi. 

— Kto 8T0 TaRofl?— cnpocHja m-me Koppgpi. 

^H)-nya8& naBBajTB hxi. Eenya x'Opmepi nosnaROMHJicfl cb Py- 
roHOiTB HeBi^ojrro xo xeRatfpBCRaro nepeBopoxa, h cb toS snoxn 
BHsasHBajTB eMy ocotfennoe yBasenie, xota snaROMCTBa MeH^y hhmh 
He 6uM0 vb T^CHOMi cMUCJi^ dToro cjOBa. Mademoiselle BeponnRa, 
eit> cecrpa, SHJia Birbcr^ cb nnifB vb oxejii^ yjirnm FapancBep'B, h8% 
BOioparo BEixoxv^a tojtbro rx o&bfjsfk vh i^epROBB cb. CyJlB^H^ifl. 

— Snaeie ot, — npoHseecx nojiROBHHRB, noHHsaa tojiocb: — bopb 
BacrofliQaH xena ji^si Pyrona. 

— Bh npaBu, — noATBepxHJi'B Byraapo^. — Cocroame nopaxo^noe, 
xopomaa 4^MHjda, TOjnsoBaa n onuTnaa senn^HHa. 

Ho xK>*nya82i nporecroBajTB. JI^'lBHii^a cobc^itb nepespi^ja, tohho 
KKnuBHHRi, nosatftmrft vh norpe($%. Eft no Rpafineft vip1& Tpnx- 
iMn-mecTB xkrh, a na bbjs^l moscho ABHh hdb copoRB. Xopomaa 
oDjipyra shshh, ne^ro cRasaxB! Xanaca cb npuHsaHHiiMH bojo- 
am! CB TaRHiTB noManiBTB, xaRHMib BtuiHHaBniHirB jhi^om'b,— xono 
ee npoxepsajH mecxB ii^^iiteBi^ bb RpontfaBnni^! 

— Bh MoaoxH,— Baano otfxaBHjrB cxo.iOHaHajBHE[Ri:--PyroffB 



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170 BftOTHm IBPiOH. 

fflisewb seHHTBCfl no pascyxKy... fl, soHeTOO, seHuca no jodCbb; 
no 9T0 ne BCflBOMy yxaeicfl. 

— 3! Aft MH^ njieBaTB vh cymEioerE na dry xisy, — coBnaics 
XiD-IIyaBJi. — Ho Menfl nyraerB posa canoro Eenya x'Opmepi. Y woro 
Mojowa MopAa RaKi y xora... IIorjiixiiTe-sa na ero TOJiciyH) nop^ 
H aroTB jjkx BypnaBUxi BOJOCb, fb BOiopuxi ne bhxho nn oxam 
(AfflTO, necMOTpfl na ero mrrbf(ficsLVb zivbl Passi Hoasno zvuhj 
^ owb xyuaerb? CsasHie-Ba MH-b na iinjocTB, saiiirB oni npo- 
XOJiauterB tojuuitb cbok) cecrpy bi o&bariE Pyrona, TenepB, kotj^ 
aroTB nocii^AHift ne vb lajiocm? 

^ymapB n nojiBOBnnsi MOJ^ain n otfn^nuncb TpeBOSBHincB 
BsrjflAOM'B. HeysejH se «Aorb>, Baxi ero nasuBan 6HBniifinox- 
npe^^exTB, oahto nosperb Pyrona? Ho m-me KoppSpi ueji^EEO 
nporoBopnaa: 

— OnenB nojiesno eh^tb na CBoefi croponi icaniCTpaiypy. 
Mes^y '^^'^ PyroffB aoboxb m-Ue BeponnKy ao naperH h pac- 

uannBaiCfl cb neft, co^npaacB yci^ETB ee kb napeiy. EaiTB pass 
KB ary caiiyK) Mnnyiy BHmja ns^ i^epBBE npacaBHi^a Exopraxa, 
noxB pysy cb Jt^eiecTanoin. Ona BxpyrB cxajia oepBtena n osi- 
nyjia ornennmrB bsfjuiaomi BHcoByio, sexryH) fjbBj, sa BOiopoS 
PyroHi jiD<5e8HO saiBopHJii A^epi^ sapein, necMorpa na cboB 
cenaxopcidfl MyHxnpB. H boh, bb to Bpeicfl sairB xapera jjuuLunch, 
ona nonua npaifo na nero, BimycrnBB pyny ^ejaiecTana n cniscb, 
saB'B pe($enoKB... 3a neS noci^xoBaja bch mafiBa. 

— a norepMa xaMamy! — Beceio sanpn^ajia ona eiiy. — Y nemi 
noxETUH Manamy fb toj]t6... JI^OBesnie Mena bb cBoeft Baperiy 
nosajyftcra. 

^ejiecraKB, m^A^smificfl OTBesm ee AOMofi, Basaxcji pasxocuo- 
nannuMib. Ha nefi 6iiJio niu^TO pansoBoe menoBoe njiaiBe CBia- 
BEHE necrpBiME ifB^aME, HTO jLasen na nero sarjUA^B&ifiCB. Fy* 
Towh noKxoHEJCjT, no EiTB npjmuocB nposAHTB Bapem MHnyrB x^ 
cflTB. Bc^ TRffikJOiy ne ncBJiOHafl n ^ejeciana, Bapera BOioparo croaia 
BB ffijjjb maraxi. n^epBOBB jcexienno nycr^a. Eans n 6esy9Hi, 
npoxoAHBmie memo, nocniainjiH nprniBnyrB b^b rpynni. H xaBB bab^ 
BejraBifi HOJOB^BB bajio nosHMajB pyBn cb bhcjuuci jm^ox^i ^ 
RanB cnpocnxB y nero (tb TpeBosnoio seboctbio: 

— Bh newopoBH? 

— H'^TB, — OTB^narB oob. — Ho apBiS cb^pb bb i^epBBi yw- 
ifUB Mem. 

Onx yMOJiBi, noxoHib npntfaBnJTB Bnairojioca: 

— Sp^bnnte 6eijo nopasnraiBnoe... & nnBorxa ne bhxio^a^ 
laBoft paAOCTE na mnjh y nejoB^Ba. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



asBHi firowb. 171 

Ofii, soHe^HO, roBopHJTb o&b HMnepaiopi. OnycTHFB rjiasa, tohho 
cmpaflCb npimonHHTb ci^eHy fb i^epBBH, ohi He CBasaarB (fomne 
mero. JifiJ^hSL BOBpyrb nero Tose MOJi^ajH. Ohh ctoajih bi yrojsy 
moii^xH coBc^iTB iiajeHBKofi rpynnofi. UepejcB hhmh npoxoffua 
loma, cy^BH bb MaHTuixXy o^^epti vb nap^xHofl. 4m>Pm^, hhhob- 
HUH m> MyHAHpax'B, necrpaa, pasyBpameHHaa TO^ina, Roropafl lon- 
Ttia i^B&u, noBpuBaBmie luon^aAB, h xBHrajiacB cpexH spHBOBi 
stttewh H ABHaseHifl aKnnaseS. CjaBa HMnepiH bx cBoeHi anorei 
HocuacB Bi» nypnypi saxoAfliqaro cojiHita, ^esBifj rkwh sasx 6amHH 
Umffk'JifiM'by sa^iHTua posobhmh jiyHainr, SByHHua, cjobho npoBOs- 
msaaH Bsepxy, bt> otfjiacrn MHpa h Beifl^ifl, 6yjsjvafie i^apciBO- 
ttiie XBTHTH, Kpen^eHHaro noxb hxx CBOAanH. Ohh se, HeAOBOJibHue, 

OflJ^jmajH JIHOIb npHJHBl HeO($BflTHOfi SaBHCTH, B086ySXaeMOfi FB HHX'B 

BeiBBo^nieMx i^epeMOHiB, sbohomi sojosojiobi, pacnymeHHiiMH sna- 
MeHami, BOcropseHHUM'B ropoxom, Bcbwh bthitb jHKyion^HirB o^n- 
^iaiBHBiirB MipoiTB. PyroHB, soroptiB BnepBue onQrrHJTB xojioxfB 
CBoett HeicHirocTH) 6iwb o^esh 6Ai]ifiWh h bb neHTaxB peBHonajirB 
moiepaxopa. 

— npontafire, a yxo»y; wo HecrepiiHMO,— CKasajB xH>-nya8i^, 
npoiarHBafl pyny xpyrHMB. 

— ^TO CB BaMH ceroxHa? — cnpocHJix*ero hojebobhhrb. — Bh 
oteHB CBHp^nu. 

Ho noxnpe^BrB cnoBOfiHO otb^thjib, yxoxa: 

— BoTB eo^e! cb xaBOft craiH mh^ paxosaTBca?.. E npoHHraxB 
ceroxHfl KB «Momteur» o HasHaHemH (Sonana KaiineHOHa fb npe* 
^^enypy, soropaa 6Eua o6imflMh uni. 

OcrajBHiie neperjuiHyjHCB. Jt^io-UyaB^ 6£LrB npaFB. UpasAnHB^ 
9TorB Be A^ HHXB. PyroffB npH posxemH npHBivt odbmfiji'b hmb 
BJinA AOsXb narpaxi ao ahh) apecTHEB: EaH^B xoJ»eHB 6iu% 
naiyHHTB cbok) KOEnecdio; nojnM)BHHicB BpecrB BOMaHxopa; m-me 
Roppepi HflTB EXE mecTB TatfaqHuxi jaBOBB^ o BOiopuxB npo- 
oua. H BOTB, BMicTOToro, CTOflTB OHH TeoopB MaieHBBot By^sot, 
BB yrojBy njion^XH, cb nycniMH pyaaMH. TyxB ohh hoxhajh na 
Pyroaa laaoi onaaHHuft B^vMj^%y no^mMfi laBoro ropBaaro ynpeaa, 
no TOTB pa^paaseHHO nosai'B njieqaMa. H TaaB BaBB aapera ero 
noxBi^xAia fb ary MHHyiy, offB nocntmHO ycaAHiTB fb nee £10- 
pcHxy) cki'b caM*B, ho roBopa hh oiOBa, h cb CH^iot saxaonnyjrB 
XPepiQr* 

— BoKB npoixajTB MapcH, — npo(k>pMOxaj['B KawB, yBOxa 
EeiqrBHa. — Cmoiph, aasB Baseni, saHajBa!.. Jl^a noBepHBie se ro- 
iOBj. HexocraeTB toubo, mo6u ohb ne OTBixajB na naniB no- 

UiMTB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



172 ^wnnnsrb sbpohh. 

^eiecraHi nocn^niEjB cIctb b^ cboh) xapery, BOTopHfl notxaia 
BCJ^AfB 8a saperoft Pyrona. Eymap^ xosHxaicfl jRenia; noroirs, 
sor^a iiepsoBB onyci^ja, ymeji'B cb nojBOBHHKOiTB, KOTopHi Tose 
He AOHCKajca ciina Orrocra. %o Kacaerca m-me KoppCpx, to ona 
npHH^ija ycjyra o^oro ;^pa^yHClca^o nopy^HBa, seMjaKa, oiqacTH 
€tt o6)i3aHHaro cbohm? dnojieraMH. 

MesAy T^MX) BTB Raper^ Kjcopnexa c% BOcroproH'B ToaBOBaiao 
i](epeMoaiH, a PyroHX, npHCJiOHHBinHCB ri no^yniRaH^ h nojy- 
saRpiiFB rjrasa, ee cjiymajTB. Osa Bn^'^jia npasAHHR'B IlacxH n 
Phm^, OHi He 6ujn> rpaHAiosH^e. H otf^aBHJia, tto a^h nea pe:iB- 
ria — ato yrojORi OTBepsraro paa, ct BoroMx-OmoiTB, Bosci^io- 
^^nfB Ha cbocm'b ipoH*, to^ho co^Hi^e, cpe^H aHrejOHB, BHcrpoen- 
mix'b BORpyrB Hero niHpoRHMi RpyroM^ RpacESHrB lOHOineS fb 
waoTHXi OAesj^ax'B. IIotomi B^pyrB cnpocHja: 

— Bh CyAere ceroflna senepoirB na npasj^HHR*, ROropHtt 
ropoffB ycrpaHsaerB ftia hxib BejHnecTBi? FoBoparB, ohb Cyders 
BejHROjrlnHHfi. 

Ona nperjamena. Ha neft (Sy^erB po30Boe HiLaxBe, yctaHioe 
HesadyARaua. IIoBeserB ee ;^e-^JIy^epffiB, noTOMy hto Majiaraa ne 
xoHOTB BHisataxb no BeiepaMx, scj-fc^cTBie rojOBHtix'B (Jo-ieft. H 
B;Q)yrB Rpyio ofiopBaja pascRasx h cnpocHja: 

— Kto bto cy;^eficRaa nepcona, qi Roiopoft bh to^bko*to 
pa3roBapHBajH? 

PyroH'B nojHajTB b%rh h ;iyxoM'B OTpanopTOBa^B: 

— r. Benya ;^'Opniepx, naTH^ecaTH xkrh^ hstb cy^eficROtt ^mh- 
aie, 6ujrb TOBapnmeM'B npoRypopa b^ MoHfipHSOH-fc, npoRypopon w 
Opwieani, renepajBHHM'B a;^B0RaT0i^B vb Pyani; (Jhji'b iJfeHOsrt 
CMtoaHHofi ROHMHCcie Bil852 r., sai^M^ nepe5pa^ca BiIIapHars 
coB^THHROiTB auHejiai^ioHHofi najani, naRonei^ lenepB HasHa^i^^ 
npe;ic6;^aTejieHi arofi najaTU... Axx! sB,6ujn>\ owb ojifl6piiS!h W" 
speTB 22-ro a^Bapa 1852 r., ROTopnarB ROH$HCROBajiocb HMyme- 
CTBO opjieancROfi ^aMHjriir... JI^obojibhii jih bs? 

KiopHHxa pascM'la.iacB. Oh^ Hacxtxaerca naj^i neft, noTOvy 
qro ona xo^erB Bce snaTB; ho b'6xb noaeo^ieHO se pascnpaniHBan 

O JIIOAaXl; (TB ROTOpUMH MOSeniB BCrpiTHTBCa B^ 06tnfiC£B%. H HH 

cjiOBeqRa He npoHOJBHJia npo MaAenyasejB Benya x'Opniepi. Ona 
CHOBa 3aroBopHJia o HHpmecTBi, HM^iODiieBrB 6eitb bib parymi; ra.i- 
^epea npasAnecTB'B ^oaatna tfBua 6utb oiffi^iana cb HewuxaaHoS 
pocRomBH); opRectp^ 6yflerB nrpaTB bo Bce Bpena otft^a. An! 
^aH^ia— BeJiHRaa cxpana! Harxi, hh bi AnrjiH, hh vh Fepna- 
HiH, HH B'B HcnaHiH, hh wh HTajiiH, He BH^EiBaja ona TaKixi 

OCJ^HHie^HHXX 6aj[0Bl, laRHXl BSyMHTeJBHUX'B npaSXHeCTBl* no- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



assni pyroHi. 173 

mMjj roBopHJia oea ch BOcropseHHUMi jiBi^oicb, BBi6opi ea c^i- 
jsn: OHa xo^erb 6mh ^panigrseHKofi. 

— O, coiAaTEi!— saxpHHajia ona, — nocMorpirre,— C0J;^aTH! 
Eapeia, ^xasmafl no yjinLTsib Cbt^, ()iija yAepsaea na isoBnir 

Mocm HorpL-^aiTB nojiBOMi, npoxoAHBniHMx baojb Ha6epeaRHofi. 
To tffUH aHHefiHue coja&th^ MajteHBsie cojixaTHBH, meAmie tohho 
6apiBiii, pascTpoeHHHMH pflAdMH. Ohh BosBpan^ajiBCB cb nocia^ 
Miopiii saHHMajH no nyrn sopresa. Jlei^a hxi 6njB osapenu 
ipnn AHeBHuiTB coafli^eM'B, Horn &bjiusij cnnna cropfiwiennafl no^B 
nseoBK) pani^a npysBfl. Ohh Bce BpeMA npocRy^ajiH cpoAH toj^- 
sm TOJinBiy H na jami^axx hx'b ocrajca oxneqaxoKB lynoro yroH- 
jemx. 

— fl o5oxaH) ^paniQrscByK) apMuo,— nporoBopnaa KiopHHAa 
BB BOCTopri, naRJOHflflCB, ^To6ii Jiy^me bba^tb. 

PyTOHi> Basi 6yAT0 npocHyjca n Tose tma^i'l. To cnjia hh* 
oepin npoxoABja vh uuar Aopora. Mocn 6uA'b sacraBjieni 8kh* 
nasaMH^ ho Kyqepa noHTHiejiBHO AOSHxajHCB; nesAJ ^ri^ e&ks 
oco6h fb napaxHHX'B Myexnpaxib BucoBUBajin rojOBii bbx XBepei^s 
£,($e8co8HaTejiBH0 yjH6aflCB, cjAjsjuiE yMHJieHHiiMH BsopaiiH sa najienB* 

XHMB COJASLTHBaJiH, OAyp^BmHMH OTB AOJParO CTOflHifl; COJlffiLTCKie 

mmaai npHAaBain noBsft ($jecB% TopseciBy. 

— BoffB, norjflADTe na nocaiAHift paA'B, bhahto? — nanaja 
EjopHHAa. — Bce 6e86opoABie. He npaBAa jh, sasie MBJiamsH? 

H vb nopuB^ H^xHOCTH nocuiaja ez% Bapeni noi^iayn coj* 
jx^^wb oC^HMH pysaMH. Ona HeMHOSBO oxsHnyjiacB Ha8aA:B, hto6u 
ee Be BHAajiH. Ee BOCxHu^aia, paAOBaja Boopysennafl CHJia, h ona 
HacjaxAaaacb oh). Pyroni OTenecKH yjititinyjiai; OFBTOse ncnuTu* 
BaxB nepBoe npiaxHoe on^yn^eHie 3a ceroAHflmHifi a^hb. 

— ^T<S TaiTB e^e cjryrajiocB? — cnpocn^rB onx, EorAa Bapem 
o6orHyjia, naROHei^, yrojii Ha6epe:BH0fi. 

3HaHHTejiBHoe c6opumfi otfpasoBajiocB na Tponyapi n na mocto- 
Boft. Kaperi npnniJiocB cnoBa ocraHOBuxBCfl. Foaoci vh lojint npo* 

— Kasoi-To HBflHHi^a ocbop^hji'b cojfjBLVh. CepsaHTBi sa- 
6puH ero. 

TyTB Toana pascrynnjiacB, h Pyrom yBHA^Jix JKHJBK^na, Mepr- 
Beipai-nBflHaro; ero spinso A^psajiH sa niHBopoTB aboo ropoACSHXB 
cepsanioBi. Koctjom'b ero nsi* sejirofi naHBH 6ujix BecB nsopBaHB^ 
I CKB08B Hero npocB^HHBajio T^Jio. Ho AO($pOAyniie ne nosHAaio 
ero, a ycu no npesnoMy lop^ajiH na ero spacHOfi posi. Ons 
Twopni'b mu ropoACKHifB cepsaHTaiii* n nasuBajix hxi: <moh mh- 

Oe% O^CHflXB HITB, HTO CHOBOfiHO npOBOJTB BeCB AGHB B^ 



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174 B«CTHn% EBPOnH. 

OAHOfi RO^^Hi, vh o6mficrB^ o^eHB (SoraTHX^ rocno;i^. Mosho 
HaBecTH o&b STOifB cnpaBRH vb najie-poflxBCROMi Teaxpi, syxa 
m-r H m-me IQaptfoHHejiH nonuH CMOTp^Tb Les Bragies de hap- 
Ume: ohh, Rone^HO, He orpeRyrcfl. 

— EEycTHTe MeHff, myrHHRH, — B^pyrB saRpHHajTB oh^, Hanps- 
ras Bd CHJiH. — Rasercfl^ 9to ryrs pjiji^OMib, HoprB notfepe! noftx^ine 
TjAa, eciH MH^ He B^pHre!.. GoJxftTBi mh^ He ORasajra Aoasnaro 
noHTenui, noHHiiaere! oxhhx bx 0€06eHH0CTB, najieHBRifi, ocm^ici 
cirtflTBCJi. Torjia a nocoB^TOBajB eMy yrepeifc ce(J* hocb. Ho oc- 
Rop6jflTB ^paHi^BCRyH) apHiio,— HHROFAa!.. CnpocHTe-sa y HHnepa- 
Topa npo TeoAopa, bsi ysHXHre, ht6 ohi BairB cBaxen. Axi! 
Hopi*B bosbmh! ocraHeiecB bu b^ ^QrpaRax'B! 

To^na, ROTopyio Bce 9to satfaBjajo, ciitaiacB. FopoACKie cep- 
saHTBi, HenoROjre6nM£ie, ne BunycRajin ^HJiBR^na h Me^^ieHHo noA- 
TajRHBajra ero ri yjivi^i CeH^-MapreHi, vh Roropoft HsxajH bhx- 
H^jicfl RpacHufl ^HapB raynTBaxTET. Pyroni tfHcrpo OTRHHy.ics bi 
Rapery. Ho B^pyrB SBLHJiBR^BrB, hoahabi roaoBy, jsfn^^'h ero. To- 
rxa, necMorpfl na xm^a, ohtb cAepsajcB ce6fl, h, norjiflj^Bi na 
Hero, noAirarHyxB rjiasaMH h saroBopHjTB RaRi-tfn npo ce6fl: 

— ^OBOJiBHo! pe(5flTa, mh mofje 6h HacRaH;(ajiHTB, a& ^e lo- 
THifB, noTOMy ^TO y naci ecTB ^ecTB... IVb! CRassre-Ra, b^x^ bq 
He HajosHJiH 611 jian'B na Teo^opa, ecjHtfu owh hhhbhhjcs cb 
npHHiiieccaMH, RaR'B oxhhx rpasxaHHHi h8% mohxi sHaROMux'B. A 
vh]i,h H Mil pa6oTajH Bickrr^ cb pasHUMH ^^paHiaMH, vacieHBBO 
pa(k)TaNiH, HOSHO necTE npHHEcaTB, h bojiothx^ ropi sa 9to ne 
Tpe(5oBa:[H... fl ce6i i^iny snaH). BorB hto... 3to yrifemaerB bb jioj- 

CRHX'B HHBOCTflXl... 0, HOpTB HOtfepHl XPySBfl, SHaHHTB, tfOJIBine He 

;q)y3Ba?!. 

Owh pasH^HJCfl; fojocb ero npepHBajica hrotoS. PyroffB 
ocToposHO noAOSBaji ri> ce($£ ^ejroB^Ra vh x^hhhoitb naiBTO, 
ROToparo yBHX^JTB BOBJi'i Rapeiu, h, nomenraBHiHCB cbhhitb, tfj^ 
eMy axpeccB ffinjiBR^Ha: 17, ymna Bhpshhh, rpenejjiB. ^eio- 
B^KB noAomejn rb cepsanraMi, js9Xh'6u sariMi, hto(5ii homo^ 
HMi c^epoaTB BHpHBaBmarocfl HBflHBiQr. Tojma HsyMHjacB, yBH- 
Afl, ^0 nojEi^eftcRie noBepnyjiH naji^BO, nocaAHjH StHJBR(§Ha bi 
4»iaRpi, Ry^epi Roroparo no hxi npHRasy no^xai'B bxojib Ha($epes- 
Hofi MesHccepH. Ho roJOBa S^HjiBReHa, rpoMaAnaa, BCRJORO^eHnafl) 
0CRjia6jiflK)n^aflCfl xopsecTByioiuefl yjratfRoB, noRasajiacB vh nod^' 
Hifi pasi FB ABepifax^, bohji: 

— Jl^a BxpaBCTByerB pecnytfjiHRa! 

Korxa TOJina pasonuacB, na nadepesHoft BoitapHJiocB' THXoe 
cnoRoiCTBie. napns'By yroMscB otb Bocropra, sac^ sa oC^x^h- 



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8XSH% PFrOffB. 175 

Btt CTOJu; TpHCra thcah'b juotfonirrHux'E, AABEBrnHXi sA^Cb KPY^ 
jQqfra, HaBOAHHJiH pecropami no 6eperaMx p^bh b fb SBaprajri^ 
TmuB. 

Ha uy c i ' i>ix ' i> TpoTxyapaxi OAhh ^poBHH^iaJIa, ctfnBinHCB cb hoi-b, 
eie-ffHrajHicB, ne seaa r^i 6u hmi OTotfi^aTB. A BHHsy, na 
mofiy, npa^sH OKasnnBajH CTHpBy, Hso-Bcefi mohh sojiOTfl BajiB- 
un. Iloioca cojrai^a en^e soiorua BepxymxH tfamoHib Hoipi- 
lijun, lenepB (SesMOJiBHiix'B, Ha^B xoMaMH, TonyBinnMn vb c^poirB 
cyqwdl. A bb lerKOMB TyiiaH^, nOAHHMaBmeMCfl cb CeHu, rjiasB 
yse Be paajra^aji'B 6ojn>me bkbuoLj na kohi^ ocrpoBa CeH^-JIyH, 
cpeuM ctpoft Maccu ^caAOBB, rHraHxcKaro ciopryBa MOHyMeHrajiBHoft 
waiaEj npEB'^CHBinefi r^b fbosah), BaB'B-6ii B($HTOMy bx ropHSOHTB, 
(jpsyasHoe o6MHeme Baicoro-TO THiaHa, Hjenu Roroparo pa8;qpo<{Hia 
xojma. 

A. 9, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BOnPOCB 



KPECTBflHCEHXl nEPBCBIEHIflll 



Ob Tbx% nofKb, BaBib ^paHHI^I BpecTLflHCEaro seKjeBiaAimfl y 
HacB ojrpefjbjEJiECh ^^aBrn^ecBH — specrBflHCBoe a^o bcijiihio bi 
HOBufi ^aaHCB. ]ip aioro MOMeHia BonpocH specrBflHCBaro ;^a co- 

CTOflJIH Vb TOITB: CBOJBBO HMeHHO OTBeCTH BpeCTBSHakE seMJor, BEKyiD 
HMOHHO AOJH) dBOHOMH^eCBOfi CaHOCTOflTejBHOCTH HITE npeAOCiaBHTb, 
KB BaSOMX HMeHHO paSM'lp^ 0(5jiOSHTB BX7» nOBHHHOCTBHH? Ho, SaSl 

cBopo rpaHHitH EpecTBBHCEaro Ha;^•fela npoBeAeHH, — BHcrynaHirB na 
citeHy yse ;^yroro po^a Bonpocu: Easifl HMeHHo ABieHiB otisapy- 
sHBaerB coBpeMenHaa aBonoMH^ecBafl <Hcu3Uh ce^BCEaro HaceieHUi, 
nacBOJiBBO 9T0 Hacejenie ^BTHHecBH nojuBdyercB dBOHOMH^ecBOD 
caMOCTOBTejiBHOCTBK)) Basie HMeHHO Bonpocu ycnija BOs^yxHTB ho- 
B^flmafl BCTopiB BpeciBBHCBaro 6uTa? Ilpesxe a^jo hijIO o khc^ 
BBBie saxaTBH HysHO damt aROHOMHHecBOfi 6y;Q^npocTH ceJiBCKaro 
Haceaeniji, a lenepB a^o njifivb o tom%— Tr6 hmohho npoBBBOXHt^ 
c^a 2H3HB npn dauuuxz BBOHOMH^ecRHxi sa^aTEaxi? 

Baynjenie BpecTBBHCBaro ^^aa vb hobuS ^^asHCB, bbkb Bam 
Kasexcfl, coBepmHjiocB hmohho obojo Hacrofln^aro BpeMenB. B^ 
BejHBopocciflCRHrB rytfepniBX'B) bi Majiopoccia h HoBopoccin aeiue 
Bjia^^e tfuBHiBX'B Bpi^nocTH&ix'B BpecTBflH'B o6o8HawjocB Vb riae^ 
MSTb Heprax'B eqe obojo 1864 ro^a, na ocnoBaniH ycraBHHrB rpa- 
MOTB, H (TB rbxii HopB Bc£ nocJiiji;yjon^si nepeM^Hii coctouh toibbo 



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SPSOT&JilCBIfl IIBPI6IISHUI. 177 

n BOcreneHHOiTB yMHOsemn ^Bcia Bu&ynmui'h ga^ob'b, Tenep^ 
Tie no^TH coBciiTb irpeBpaTHBmeMCfl. Y yjsjbihmnx'h h ^eopifOBuxi 
qpecTbflH^b senjieBjiaAiHie onpeA'i^HJiocb obojio xoro se BpeiieHH. Bi> 
uxokjuaux'b ry6epHiflX'B 6uBmie sp'InocTHiie BpecTBAne nojiy^ajni 
BuiiH nosse, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO vb 1865, 1866 h 1867 roxaxrb. 
BiiBiiiie rocyA&pcTBeHHHe KpecxBAHe crajin noaynaxB seMjn b^ co6- 
cneHHOCTK en^e noase, HiteHHo Ch 1868 roxa, h xota npoi^ecc^ 
ofno^ BWh deuexh emfi iipo;(OJi2BaeTCfl, ho ocraioii^aflcfl naciB pa- 
6arb no aioiiy otboaj OTHOCHieJiBHo HesHa^HiejiBHa: onpeA'&iieHie 
Tfuvs^b Bjax^Hifl 6HBinHX'B rocyji^pcTBeHHurB BpecTBflffB saMexJH- 
joa Kb M&iopocciHy bi ceaeHiaxi ropHosaBO^CBHxi BpecTBflH'B, vh 
apzaHTeuLCBott h HeHHorHxi xpyrnxi, npeHMyqecTBeHHo c^Bepo- 
Boao^HHXTB rytfepHiflxi. 

KoHe^Ho, noseMejBHHfl x^Jia h^botophx'b ota4^bhux% cejemt 
HpoxoiJKaiOTCfl H laifi, r^^ no^m Bce specTBaHCBoe A'i^Jio HncjHTca 
Q^meHHHirB: TaBi, He OBOHHenu en^e jsjkjit^ no HCnpaBJiemH) bh- 
TfassTh cA^orB bi> iQro*3ana;^HO]rB Bpa'6, Be^yTCfl en^e neifHom 
oii6jBHHfl A'&ia BO BHyrpeHHHX'B ry6epHuxi»; ho Bce aro bm^ci^ 
upexcraBjflerB tojibbo He3HaiHTejn»HyH) aojih) Bcefi Maccii rpoMaxHaro 
«q>eerMHCBaTO x'^a». Tottb hjih APyrofir hcxoa'b nojynaTB A^Jia 
ei:i^^HHx^ cejieHifl — 8to e^Ba jh Moater^ cBOJibBO-HntfyAB ^bctbh- 
TexbBO HSM^HHTB He TOJiBBO o6n^K) {^HsioHoidK) Bcero noseMejiBHaro 
ycTpolczBa, ho h xapaBTepB BpecTBAHCBaro jijbm vb CBOJibBO-Hu($yAB 
aa^nreuHurL ota'^^jibhiix'b lAcmocrax'h. EAHHCTBenHUM^ ncBjno^e- 
HieirB npexcraBiffercfl nosy^a ocrseflcBifi Bpafi, Tjsib npHHi^Hni «Bpe- 
cxbjnicBOft seHejiBHofi co($cTBeHHOCTH» Bocnyjcfl He oneHB (to^Bmoll 
rpymm saseHHux'B RpecTBflHi, jifl, e to tojtlbo rb HBf^niflX'B) He 
cxaeHHxrB RE AOJirocpo^nyio apen^y. Mu h ne 6yffiwb 6fwn> bs 
pasCTerB aroro spaa, saB'b coBepmenno HCBJiiOHHTejBHaro. 

HTasB, Be ocraHaBjiHBaflCB na HCBJia^eHiflX'B, mu hm^mi hoj* 
Hoe npaBO sasjiioTOTB, hto vb HacToan^eicy BpeneHH nepBuft 4>ar 
SBCB KpecTBflHCBaro A^a — npomej'B. CaMufi npot^fecoi ycrpoemji 
MpKThttWh — xbso MHHyBmee. TenepB yae ne Bpeiui BAaBaTBCa b^ 
xpm^ecsiJB paatfop^ i^xi hjih Apyrnx^s hphhatux'b ocHOBanifl no- 
MsexBHaro BpeciBflHCBaro ycrpoftCTBa, laBB BaB^ nocji^AHifl — yse 
coBepm^nnilcfl 4^aBTB. Tenepb HaAo6flO BHEMaiejiBHO npHrjiAAU- 
nnci B npHCJiynniBaTBCfl yse bi ^hobum^b* flBjenuiifB; noposAft^- 

MHITB «CB060AH0H>» BpeCTBflHCBOK) BBOHOMH^eCBOK) SH8HBH), HySH^ 
aaCKOBBO MOSHO yAOBJeiBOpflTB COBpeMeHHHfl nOTpe($HOCTH H Hsy- 
^Kb CZaBHMHe «HiIHiniHeH)> CeiBCBOK) SH8HBH) BOnpOCH. 

TjTB nepexB HanH oiBpuBaercfl aobojbho o6niHpHoe nojie A^a 
BriSjDAeflifi. TaBTB BasB BpeciBflBCBaa shbhb npn hobux^ onpeA^* 

To» I.— flflBiPB, 1876. 12 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



178 BftCTHHR'B BBPonn. 

jHBniHXCfl yciOBULTb vb ($aiBinHHCTB% pyccBHTL ]i<6ei»ociet mri^eTL 

yse A6CflTHJI'6THI0I0 HCTOpiH), a Kb ApyrHX'L XOTfl H 6ai^ BOpOTBTIO, 

HO Tose He BqepamHioio,— TO HecoMH^HHO, ^ito dra shbhb aoishb 
npeAcraBHTB mhofo b^ceex'b ^btobi, cnoco6H£iX'B nosasat^ na- 
rjuiAHO, iskKh CB^axuBaercfl ^Hsionoidfl cejiBcsaro tfura h bi sa- 
s<»rB HanpaBJiemH H3M^HflH)TCfl otfcxaBjiflioii^s droTE tfurs yciOBLi? 
BBTeiemH h^cbojibbhx'l ji^tb ;(oj[Sho tfiiJO BUflCHHTBCfly b^ Bjr- 
SHB'B ycrpoHJiCfl, ht6 AfterB eny ero Hax^ji, nacBOJiBBO npossBO- 
ffrre-ieffiB h CBoCo^eHi ero xpyji, r^ BOspacraerB ero tfjaroco- 
CTOflHie H ^MX pocTB 8TOro 6«iarococTOflHi2 sa^^epsHBaercfl? Cjioboitb, 
ecTB yse leny uoaboahtb htofh. ]I^a. cepBesHaro, ^o^pocoB^kiHO oi- 
aocfln^arocH b^b npexMery HSCJ^xoBaiajfl, lyrB npe^craBjifleTCs buoih*]^ 
(SjiaroAapHufi xpy^, xota, r'b cosaji'^miD, na ary c^py y HacL 
o6pan^aeTCfl en^e oneeB mbjio BHHMaHm. ABjieniflX'B eejcbcsaro 
6uTaL MH o6uBHOBeHHO nojiy^aeiTB tojibbo otpbibohhua CBt^nifl, 
qacTO He ^yaijpia leHAeni^ioBHOCTefi. «06n]^ecTBa» se, saHHxann^uicfl 
craTHCTHBOH) n cejiBCBO-xo3flfiCTBeHHUMH BonpocaHH, 6ojrBine o6pa- 
n^aHXTB BHEManifl sa BTopocreneHHHe npexMem, HHor;i(a Mejio^Hiie, 
H aep^ABO npoflBiflHXTB 6ojiBine HHiepeca kl j^jiairB cpe^eft Asin, 
q'^jTB Kh 6uTy RpecTBflHHHa eBponeflCBofi PocciH. H^BOiopiitt oheitb 
noxBexeHifl nroroBx noB^fimefi cejiBCsoft shshh, npae^^a, npexcra- 
BHJiH Tpy;^u nsB^CTHofi «BO]fMEcciH fifjuL Hscji^xoBaeui noAOsenifl 
cejBCBaro xosjiftcTBa*, cocroflBmeft no^x npexc^A&'i'eACTBoirB mhhh- 
crpa rocyxapcT. HMyn](ecTFB, ho 9totb nepBBfi oiuitb OTjE^tercfl, 
xa H He MorB ne orjiEHaiBCfl 6ojshmmiE neAOCraTBaMH: vh hoitb He 
jcaiio MOSHO BcxplTHTB pasHop^^HBiix'B HOBaaamfi, BOTopHfl ocra- 
sach 6effB crporoft npoB^psH; AOcraBjeHBue bohmeccIh otshbu otohb 
orpuBOHHEi', He 3aA%BaH>rB h'Ibotopux'b shbuxx BonpocoBx ceJiBCBarc 
<5iiTa n Mo6mfi npeAcrasjifliOTB cyn^ecxBeHHue npoO'bjLU. ?to asfi 
sacaercfl BUBOjifiVh caifoft BOiacHccm^ to ohe, bbe'b hsb^ctho, bbiiuii 
Heonpe^^jieHHu h ($e8i^B%THu. J^m tofo, HTo6n mooiho 6iixo A^tt^ 

CTBHTeJIBHO CJlijlfiTb Sa XOffOlTB CeZBCBOft SHSHH H efl BOHpOCaMH, 

HeotfxoABMO nepio;(HqecBH B08o6HOB;iflTB noxo^Hoe cotfEpanie ffi^' 
mixx, H npHTOMx noBecTH x^jo raacno, 6e8i sanii^ejiflpcBoft TaftHH^ 
TasB, qTo6u BCflsift i^^HHEift MaTepiaji'B jerso mofb nattrH oe6^ 
M^CTO. ny($jn[Ba h nenaTB mofjie 6h homo^b ho toabo co6HpaHiH 
CB^A^Hift, HO H Biipa6oTBi 6ojiie yxoBieTBopHreuHuxi, 6oj^ sa 
XBaTHBaionvirB shshb nporpaicM'B. 

IIpH BCefl, OAHaSO, OTPUBO^HOCTH H MaJIOHSCJiixOBaHHOCTH HO 

B^ftmaro BpecTBflHcsaro (Sutb, vl neifB xobojibho saif^THO mfifiMytc 
H^BOTopHO BonpocH cyH^ecTBeHHofi BasHocTH. O&h offiowh HBi xa 

BHX'B BOnpOCOFB MU H HaM^peHH 8X^B HOFOBOpHTB. BOHpOCB dTOT 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SPECTLfflOSK nEPSGUEHIX. 179 

mxm ecTb nac^Aie craparo BpeMeeH^ a ornacTH pesyjiLxarB He- 
eorjameHHOCTi H^Roxopiixi ^aciefi HOBaro saRonoftaTejBCTBa Cb Bax- 
nnn asoHOMHiecBiofH norpefiHociflMB Hacejiemfl h BOo6ii^e crpaHn. 
HasicmOy qro noiyqeHHiifi BpecrBflHaicH seneiLHEifi EB^fjbjrh 
nm He yAOBJieTBopflerL Kpecrhnnczmwb HysAftH^? a bi rj(5epHkrL 
aypfiTB owb npsTOiTB em,e onjbBewb aobojlho bhcoro, ht6 jerjo 
Hi ipecTUffB ^aBTmecsoH), AofiaBO^HOio, no;^mHOH) no^aTLK). B^ 
ryiS^x-B ne-HepHOseMHHi'B KpecTMnaM'B xora h AOcrajocB ;^e- 
cmEB no ^erupe na jsiyuryy ho era seicjifl, no CBoeHj nen^OAopo- 
jp, Be MOserB npoBOpMHTB CBoero Hacejeeia, He roBopa yse o 

JIGipBTUI erO nOBHHHOCTefi. FjiaBHUMl HCTO^HHROM'B BpeCTbflHCKHX!B 

cpeiCTBB, noaroMy, c^JiajiHCB patfoni no nafiMy sab na^^ia; ho 
nn lasi no;^o6HLm pa6oTU, bi> cboh) o^epej^^j B03HarpasAftH)TB 
noiw Qioxo, TO vh noxcnopBe Kh hem's MysHB^b o6pan;aeTCfl en^e 
n OTxosnrB npoioicjaM'b. ^iMi> MeHBme BpecTBAHCBafl cocTOfliaiB- 
fiocn, tIvb HanpflseHH^ craHOBHTCfl co cropoHu Bpecx^HHHa 
<iipe]uoieHie> Tpy^a, a aro, no nsB^CTHOMy dBonoMEqecROMy sa- 
xoHj, Boptsaercfl fb Majofi pa6oqe& n^ai^, ROTopaa jiynnie bca- 
ran moaoBHBix'B yBipenift MoaerB CBH^tTejiBCTBOBaTB o AiflCTBH- 

TeAHHTB nOHOMH^ieCRHX'B OTHOmeniflX'B FB TOfi HJIH XPyrOfi M^CT- 

Hoca. 

ftrpo^en, pacnpocrpaHflTBCn o CTenenn nysAu RpecTBflFB b^ 

ciflepMu E' 6oJi^e cRyAHiixi cpeAHHx^B ryfiepHiaxx, vh poxb Bi- 
Jopjtdt, ncKOBCBOfl HJE cMOJieHCROfi ry6epHiE, h^ti HHRaRofi Ha- 
XOlSioen. hex^b yse cjehiromi mhofo pasi roBopEiocB e vb 
i^c^an I FB o6n](ecTBeHHBix'B cotfpaniflxx, laRB hto BOo6n^e nojio- 
leflie mwTb RpecTBflffB mosho c^HiaTB o^n^eHSB^THuirB ^aRioiTB, 
He Tpe(SyH)ii^B]rB o6'BflCHeHifi. Mosno CRasaTB, ixo o RpecTBflnax'B 
a^ffHXB ry6epHifi roBopHjocB HHorxa jublsbb fb yn^epfi^B aPTTeicb 
l^cniHairB, OT^ero 9th nocji'^^XHie RaR'B ($yATO ocraBajECB fb t6he. 
Kifw o6cysxaji&CB, nanpEirlpB, noAaxHafl pe<|)opMa, BHEManie ne- 
isn o6pau]^aiocB npeEHyn^ecTBeHHO na RpecTBSHB CRyxHHX'B ry- 
%Bii, MexAy "Awh RaRB Coihmaa. i^^hhoctb seicejiB jotsmutl ry- 
%Hit jpiBaia HiROTopuM'B npeAcraBBTejiflirB neqaxE hoboa^ BUCRa- 
SBBm Aase coBepmenno neocHOBaTCJiBHoe npeAnojiosenie o cyn^e- 
dBOBamH Ha ¥>rb RaRExi-To «cbo6oahhxx njiaiesHHX^ cej%», mo- 
n^ipn npsHETB Ha cetifl qacTB noAaTHoro 6peifeHE ciBepniix'B 
> cpexHHxi RpecTBEFB. 6o3MOJRHOCTB noflBjenifl noAO^Huxx npeA- 
iiojoaEeHlfi caMa no ce&b noRasuBaerB, ^to cejBCRifl 6mrb cpeA- 
HUB ^epHoseMHiixi h ioshbdcb ry6epHift y nacB cobc'Im'b ne 

lUCHeffB. 

12* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



180 B^GTHKEl IBPOnH. 

Mea^y t^mi, a^a specrBflHi uoxopoxHiiirB ry6epHifi cynqe- 
CTByion CBoero poxa He6jiaronpi£THHfl yuoBiJi. Roneno, ohh no* 
AywJOL ropasAO Jiy^myio seiiJH) h SHsyrb kb 6aiie npoesBoxi- 

TeUHOft M^^CTHOCTH, HO nOAOtfHUM H (uarailE HITS npHXOAHTCfl noiLso* 
BETBCfl Bl» OHeHB OrpaHHHeHHOM'B paSM^p^. A^O FB TOlfB, «ITO TXi 

seifjifl Jiynme, xairB pasM^px HaA^jia Btimarb ropasAO MeHBme, 
laB'B iTO OAHO no^TH BosHarpasAaercfl ApyrHMi. Ecih, HanpHMipr^ 
CMOjeHCBOHy BpecTbflHBHy Ha Aymy AOcrajocB nempe AecaiSHH 
Ton^efi seifiiH, A&ion^efi yposafl cairB-Tperefi hjih cairB-^eiBepn, lo 
noxraBCBifi specTBflHHHB xota nojiyqHjii> h jy?myH) seicjiH), jum- 
HQrio yposaS' cani-BOceMB, OAeaKO yse fb pasM^pt He 6oib^ 
AByx'B ACCjiTHH'B Ha AyHiy, caiAOBaiejiBHo, HaA'fcJii ero onaiB bhxo- 
AH7B HeAocxaTOHHuifB A^fl otfesneneHifl ero fiuia. 

noAo6Hiia ycjosifl HeotfxoAHMO npHHHMaTB bo BHSEame npii 
otfcysAeniH cieneHH BpecxBflHCBHX'B nysA'B. Mnoro sna^HTB a^a spe- 

CTBflH'B^CByAOCTB HO^BU, HO MHOFO TaBSCe SHa^HTl H HeAOCmTOBl SeiUH. 

BosBMeH'B i^i^JiiS noflCB naoAopoAHuxx rycroHacejieHHUxi ry- 
(Sepnifi H nocMOipHMX, nacBOjiBBO bojuibb b^ hhx'b noseMeibHsS 

BpeCTBflHCBift HaA^JLl. 

HaHHeicB CB sanaAa n 6yjifiwb noABHraTBCS m> BocroBy. Bb 
BOJiUHCBofi ry6epHiii y 6HBniHX'L bp^hocthbix'b BpeCTBflH'B Ba 409,959 
pcBHBCBHX^ AyniTb AOciaiocB 1.614,014 AecflTHHB, To-ecTB Ha ^jyniy 
npHxoAHTca 3,9 a^csthhi. Y Chbhihx'b rocyAapciBeHHiix'B na 
110,194 AyniH 521,691 AecaraHa, to-cctb 4,7 Aec. na Ay^- 
Ho laici BaBi vb cocraBi aioS rytfepHin BxoAHrB SHaqHxejbHaa 
^acTB HenjOAopoAHaro ^UojiicBfl*, to vl jyHmHXB ^acraxB ry- 
6epHiH cpeAHifi naA^'B y ({hbhihx'b i^'J^hocthux'b moslho npeAnoJO- 
aHTB 2,7, a y fiHBraax'B rocyAapcTBeHHHX'B — SV^ A^c. 

Bi noAOJiBCEOft ry(5epHiH 506,979 AynrB tfHBinHxi BptnoCT- 
HHXi> HM^ioTB 1.194,360 AGCflTEHB, a 141,498 AynTB 6uBJsna!h 
rocyAapcTBeHHuxx 445,182 a^c, TO-ecrB y nepBusB na f^iss 
npHXOAHTca 2,3 a^c., a y hocj^ahhx'b 3,1 a^c. 

Bx BiescBofi ryCepniH na 546,174 Aymn 6iiBmHxrB Bp^no(n^ 
nux'b HM^ercfl 1.363,786 a^cathh'b, a na 150,026 6iiBmHX'B ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHUX'B 454,585 a^c; HiaBB, xyrB nojiy?aK)TCfl ab^ HopxH 
AymeBoro HaA^Jta — 2,5 a^c. h 3 AecaraHH. 

B'B HOJiTaBCBofi i76epHiH na 200,778 tfsiBniBXx Bp^nocrHBXi 

>) 3a HexocTaTEOMi dojhhxi x&HHHrb o 6HBatHzi spinocTHHxi specTuean n 
noiraBCKofi, HepHHroBCKofi, xapbBOBCKofi h BopoHescsofi ry6epHiAX'b, ax^CB npHBOX^rcfl 
CBixi^Ei^ TOJiBso rbxi 6HBniHxi BpinocTHUxB, ROTopue BHRjoHiH CBOH HaAiiH; xora 

II0X06HHiI X&HHHfl He nOJraH, HO R9b HHXB MOSHO BHBCCTH npH6jU3HTeiI>HO Cyil^eCTByD- 

saxA dopMH HaxiJiOBi. - 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPIGTBflra^KIfl nSPIOSJISHK. 181 

398,268 ^eciTEHx, TO-ecrB Ha ^ray 2 ;i;ec., a na 72,862 ;^yraH 
iamnKX.'b rocyxapcrBeHHiixi BpecrBAHi 324,497 jificsmnwby hjih Ha 
jjmy 4,4 «ec. 

Dl sypcROfi rytfepniH na 295,738 ;^y^^B CHBraexx Bpinocx- 4 
mrb — 634,600 ;^ecaTHH^b, hjie na ;^y^Iy 2,2 ^ec., a y 413,263 
(knniHxi rocyxapcTBeHHHX'B 1.908,561 AecflTHna, hjh Ha Ayniy 
4,6 Mfic. 

Bb HepHBroBCBOfi — y ($HBinHX'B BpinocTHiiXB Ha 194,411 AynrB 
653,460 AOCflTHHB, a na 100,149 CHBrnnxi rocyxapcTBeHHfirxrL 
455,714 ^^eciTHHi, TO-ecTBHTyrB nojyHaioTCJi ;^B* Hopira — b^ 3,3 
jec H 4,5 xec. Ho TaRi KavB ^acTB 8Toft ry6q>HiH coBepmeHHO 
BeuoxopoAHa h ne hoxoxhtb na ocrajBHyio, to mu yMeHBmaeirB 
otfl HopMH npviripHo Ha 25Vo> T.-e. ^o 2,5 h 3,5 ^ec. 

Bb XapBBOBCBOtt — 163,493 6uBmSTb BptnOCTHHX'B BjaX^IOTB 

404,907 AGCJiTHHaMH, a 420,914 tfnBnmx'b rocyAapcTBeHHUXB 
1.948,032 j^ean.j c^^OBaTejiBHO, na ;^niy npBXoxHTCfl 2,4 h 
4,6 xec. 

Brh BopoHexcRofi ry6epHiH y Cubihhx'b BplnocTHux'B BpecrbflH^ 
Ba 136,620 jijurb 363,456 ;(ecflTHH%, a y tfiiBinHX'B rocyxap- 
OMWBUYh Ha 526.093 Kyjirh 3.014.011 a^cat., cji^xOBaiejiLHO, y 
nepBim hb jiymy 2,6 xecai., a y uoci^]ipBxi> 5,7 xecax. 

Bb TBiftfoBCBofi ry6epHiH 429,173 jsjmE tfHBnrax'B rocyxap- 
cneHHHxi B^axtEOTB 2.017,828 xecflTHHaaiH, a 355,234 xynnc 
6aBmmrh BptnocTHiMCt— 864,436 xecaxuHaMH, xo-ecrb uu nojiy- 
^oiewh xymeBue naxtjiu bb 2,4 h 4,7 jific. 

BmvB, y naci nojiynaercB CJIixyH>^^ft pflX^ AH^pi, BHpasaH)- 
iiprB creneHB nax&ieHifl BpecTBBffB deujieio: 

Ha j[ y m y: 
ry6epHiH: y 5hbiil sptnocTH. y 5iiiBiii« rocyxapcr. 

BoiHHCKaa 2,7 xec. 3,5 xec. 

noxoiBCRaa 2,3 » 3,1 » 

RieBCsaA 2,5 » 3 » 

nanuBCKafl 2 » 4 » 

KypcRaa 2,2 » 4,6 » 

^epHHroBcsaii 2,5 » 3,5 » 

XapBKOBCRafl 2,4 » 4,6 » 

BoponezcRafl 2,6 » 5,7 » 

Ta]f6oBCKaji 2,4 » 4,7 » 

CjAfiyerh Baifi^THTB, ?to bi tocji^ BpeciBflHCBHX'B seveJiB naS* 
M!KM H^ROJiBBO Heyxo^Huxii ^6 HOHHsaeTB cpexHifl HopMU xyine* 
tore Baxbaa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



182 ncram DPoiH. 

Biixo;tHTL, TTO FB xjmmiTh ry6epHiiixib npeo&nxuon^as HOpKa 
saA^ju o^eHB Muo yxauercfl otb XByxx ;^ecxTEH'B h He xocub* 
.TflerB BpecTbflHHHy hojihhx'b cpe^CTBi a^a coAepsanui. 

Ho ecjiH 8Ta Hopiia oBasiiBaercfl HeAOCiaTOHHOio npe caMOMi 
OTBox6 ESLjsjbMj TO CB sEsxHM'B ro^oicE OHE x^aeicji en^e 6oife 
HeAOcraiOHHOK). E^^^pa Hacejenia ne ctohtb HenoxeesHO, a bo^- 
craeTB; ecjH ro^OBofi npepocTB HacejeHia vb naoxopoxHUTB iy> 
depHiflxi nojiosHTB ne 6oate iV^Voj to Hacejieeie ao^sho jaboi- 
B^TBCfl vh 55-TB Ji^TB, a yBeJHqnBaTBCfl vh nojiopa pasa vh 32 
ro^a. Ob npHpocroirb nacejieHifl yBejHHHBaercfl h ^mcjio ptobb i 
^HCio pa6oqHXi jioxefi, Tpe($yH)ii^HX'B npoHSBOAHreJBHaro npiuose- 
mz cBoeny Tpyxy. flBJuerca T^cHora, flBjuexcfl norpetfaociB paeon- 
pHTB cpeACTBa npio^p^xemfl, aB^ercfl Hys^a b% yBeaH^emH paa* 
ifipa pa6oTB, BTB yBejra^eHin BoaH^ecTBa o($pa6oTiiBaeMiix^ aeneiB. 

TicHOTa Bi HasBaHHBirB ryfiepHiflxi flBjaeicji He BCj^bxctBie 
OAHoro TeByn^aro npHpocra Hacejeeifl; OHa cyn^eciBOBajia yse npH 
csLUOwb OTBOfjb Ha^'i^jiOBB BO MHorHXi MtcraxB, RaEi npflMoe no- 
cjrbfptBie Bp^nocTHoro npaBa. Kpinocmoe npaso npBBp&nifliio jd- 
Aefl KB BeMji, A^afl hx'b co6cTBeHHocTBio BJia^^jBi^eBi. Biax'^Jieiti 
Be ornycBaxB speciBflHi, h da^epsRa exi> Ba M^cii pa8MH02K&ia 
cejBCKoe Hacejenie BHeHBO laMB, vjsjb ipy^y ero npeAcraBM^ott 
MeHBme npoHSBOAHieAHaro npHJOseaifl. Ecm&h nepeABHxeflie na- 
oaieBifl 6u2o cbo<5oaho, BacejeHie pacnpeA^JHJOCB tfu dKOHOMH^ecn 
npaBBJiBH^e, TO-ecTB pacnpex^jHJocB 6u nponopqioBajBflO Mto- 

BHlfB BOTpetfBOCTfllTB BB patfOHflXX CHjaXl. Tfjb no BOJIH^eCTBy 

seiuH pado^Hxi caa^ cJHnncoirB mbofo, orryxa 9th cbjih oiuBaiH 
6u B BanpaBJiflJiHCB Ty^a, rA6 6ojBme npociopa, rxb aemeA'i^i^ 
CBifi xpyxi o6^mjBien> 6oJiBnie bhfoa'b. Otb aroro yBejBHHBajicfl 6u 
caMufi pasM^pi npoBSBOXCTBa vb crpaB^. KpinociBoe npaBO lA- 
ma^o npBjoseHiio rb sibsbb caMaro npocroro BBOBOMBHecRaro sa- 
BOBa, B qacB RpecTBflBCRofi CB060AH sacraji'B CRy^eBHocTB ceiBCRaro 
HacejeBifl bi oabomb m^ci^ b mBpoBift npocropB b'b ApyroMx. Ofpo 
Bffb BasBHX'B Tpe6oBaBifi OTB BOBaro BopjiARd' Bemfii ^cociofljio 

BB TOMB| HTOtf&I BpeRpaiBTB BpeSBIOK) SaAOpSBy A^fiCTBLl dBOBOKH' 

^ecBBxi saBOBOBB, A&TB BacejieBito cBo6oAy ABBaKeBifl, cjobomb— 

yCraBOBBTB A'^BCTBBreJIBBO «CB060ABUfi» TpyAi> Beo6xoABMuft B A^fl 



1) 7 6HBiiiizft rocjrxapcTBeHHuxi spenuHi xom h 6bAn6 laxiiR, ho vcjes- 
Bocn 8Toro paapAAft KpecTMOi SHaHiTeAHa toabo wb sypcBoft, xap^KOBCBoi, lopo- 
■escBot ■ Tax5oBCBot ryt^pnuxi; n ocramnixi se naxiii 6]iBiiim TOCjmpcneE- 
MMTb wpecThawb oieu icaio Biken Ha cpexHDD HopMj xymeBoro naxtia. Hfanr 
Bopiia Haxiia BOo6iiie oiasHBaercx oneHL yiiftpeHBOD. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SPKCTE<HOKU[ iupbcuisu. 183 

tofOcoeiOflHij BpecTBflKb h a^ dBOHOicHHecsaro npeycn&raur crpa* 
B Bootfnie. OxHaso axo xpeiSoBame ocraexca en^e HeyxoBJierBopeHHinnb 
ID HiCTOffiqan) BpeMeHH. 

CsyHeHHOCTb HacedieHifl A^&erb to, hto xA^eBO ne bc^ pa6o- 
m CMAU oCesneqenu bl npoHSBOAHrejiLHoirB npuoseniu Tpy^a; 
nmmj npHCaBjaercfl h fipjToe otfcroflTejBCTBo, — tto en^e ^tfeeBmee 
m ucio otfesneneHO bi npHJOseniH Tpy^a b-^ «co6cTBeHaofl» 
Kxik— He Bct nojy^HJiH naA^^rB. BonepBHxi, senjiH ne uojiymsa 
none popoBae O9 ocraBiniecfl bb o^eHB xpyxHOMi nojiosemH. 
B(hBiopiixi, Bi ry($epHiflxi, rxt cyn^ecxByerB He o6n^HHoe, a 
iiiHoe seiLieBjaxi^mey na^'i^x He paBHOM^penx: oahh nojymnjui 
(mm^ a ;Q>yrie najnie yiacxKH; MHorHirB ^pcrajHCB oxhh ycajtB* 
6a, a H^BOTopHici ;(ase ne ^ocTajiocB HHnero; bb toro'Sanax- 
nra ry6epHUix'B i^jioe cocJOBie OAHoxBopi](eBB BOBce ne nojy^HJio 
npi CBoeiTB npeo6pa80BaHiH noseiiejiBHaro na^^a, a ueTBifj riwh 
A Kajuofi H8I xpexx ry($epHifl arc coc^ofiie nc^BCJUieTCfl jj^ecar- 

fiUn THCflTB peBHSCBHXX jiijurh. 

Hojshj HexocraiOHHocTB naxljia, HepaBHOM^pHOCTB ero, 6e8- 
aeieiLflociB h HenpaBHUHoe pacnpe^^eme pa^OHExx chxb no m^- 
CTHOcmnb — cyn^ecTBOBajH yse bl nepsoMi ^Hci BpeciBflHCBaro 
^ Bce 810 nepexoxHTB lenepB bo Biopofi ^mcb co bc^mh maH* 
em xaiBH^maro pasBHrLi. 9th ycjOBui ohctb BaaiHii n sacjiy- 

UBIDTB 60Jn>HI0r0 BHHMaHifl. 

IIpH HexociaTOHHOCTH co6cTBeHHaro nan^jia, BpecTBflne chibho 
Hyij^uoToi vh o((pa6oTBt lysnxi senejiB. ^im na^^^ nexocra- 
nnHte, tIitb ara noxpetfHocTB CuBaerB HanpaaKenH^, bb oco6eu- 
ma xaicB, ta^ sHauraiBHO hhcjo 6e38eMeiBHfiixx, cranoBanvacai 
n nomyK) BBOHOMH^ecByH) BaBHCHJiocxB otb HannifaTejiefi, orB CTe- 
oefli cnpoca hb cBOtt TpyA'B. PasM^pi xpetfoBanifi na paCkmi 
ifiueicfl oqeHB BtsKHUMi ycjiOBieMi, h noroHy 6yAerB ne jum- 
Hin paacMOTpixB eo^e ffiSJBJisiy 0TH0Cfl^^flCfl bx cnpocy na patfo*^ 
^ CHjiy. 

Bl ojbom Micrl lypcKoft ry6epHiH ira Bcrp^rHra noceion, HaruxHO noiasH- 
■UD^jl, lan xHBercA Hnorxa xbopobhitb, xaxe ycn^Bunmi loe-iaEb ycrpoHTbCJC 
<^ciuna 6en seim, om synun ffbcKOUKO y^acTKoei, pasirbpoirb oboxo 500 bb. 
c*s^ aauATui no 25 p. sa laaignrt. ^uyn obh cieiiEOD vfrnmrb seiieJib, ho mar 
^rntMj no Aocmro^ao senjB hmi BaHan neiLaa: ^c^acibe Hame, — roBopjm ohh, — tio 
■'^an ecn ropoACiaa seiiJii; mu aa xecaTHey njiaxHicb moAhKo no 8 py6., xom aia 
isiix BtneTui B8i roxy n rox& ■ orroro Hcromaercn. 3a 4 xecjinrHH i^tojoeh'^ nox^ 
ncifSme BxaTan pa6oTOD py^ieft na niecT&*.~HTan, botb laiOBO hzi „c^acT&e*: 
i^itn sa xoporyi) Qiny icronieHHyD seifii) h njutTHn cocftxHua Biaxta>ivtm no 
Ws pj(Su sa xecjmny loi seiuH, BOTopaji cvnaeica omdbuoamnefo, H Bce-Tau bik 
intcmmi* Be uHbcm xociatouo semni mm CBoero coxepsaHu. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18 J: raoTHm sBfona. 

^aHHiui 9TH AOBOAHO pasHOotipasHH no MtocHOCTiirB. Pai5(rde 
HysHKi K^si o($pa($OTKH seMejiB noirfcii^H^HX'B, KaseHHsnc&y jjn^bxhr 
Huxi, H T. n., cnpocTB Ha pa6oqyH) CHJiy otfyciOBiHBaeTai iojh- 
HecTBOMi AecflTHHi 8THXI deuBJb FB pa8H£ix% ry6epHiflx%« ?§irB 
3HaHHTejiBHie npoi^eHXHoe oiHonieHie HHCJia arexi fficsruwh vb 
o6mjdS. 99CJieHHoeTH pa6o?aro HaceaeHu, vku'h BiiroxH^ noaose- 
Hie patfo^HXi, h Hao6opoTb — h^mi HeHBme fficsmwb npHxoffiics 
Ha OAHy BpecTBflHcsyK) Ayniy, t^mtb Tpy^nte noiosenie oejcbcsaro 
HacejareHifl. 06paTHMCJi Kh t^mb se ry6epHuiMB, Boropnx'B mh bo- 
CBJJLBCb Bume ^). 

B'B BOJIIIHCBO& ry6epHiH specrBflni 550 thcatb ;tynrB, noM^- 
n^|qBe& seiun 2.256^338 A^CflTHHB, BaaeHHOft h yx&JBHofi 135,199 

XeCflTHFB. 

Bb noxoJBCKofi: jiynrB 688 thca^b, noH^npneft seiuH 
1.601,590 Aec., BaseHHott, h yx^jiBHofi h np. 42,456 jsfic. 

B'B BieBCBOfl: Ayni'B 719 tucai'b, noifi&ii^H^niefi seiuH 1.808,424 
«ec., BaseHHoft h yA*-iBHoft 144,776 nee. 

B'B nojTaBCBOft: fjm'h 765 tucahb, seMJH ^acmaro Biax^- 
BUL 1.942,137 xec., BaseHHOfi h yff&iBHoft 10,603 ^ec. 

Bb BypcBofi: ^yni'B 733 thcahh, aeiUH ^acrnaro mmfariii 
1.347,384 jsfic.j saseHHofi h ytjbjihBOti 3,526 jffic. 

Bx qepHHroBCBofi: xyin^ 577 tuca^b, seMJor Hacrnaro Bja- 
A^Hifl 1.612,577 ^ec., BaseHHofl h yA^jBHoft 5,129 xec 

Bb xapBBOBCBoS: AynrB 638 tucihb, seiLin qacmaro Bjia- 
fjbaisL 1.366,235 x^c, Baaennofi n yx^AHOft 89,970 ]Sfic. 

Bb BopoeescBoft: xynrB 816 tucatb, deiUH nacTHaro Bja- 
X^Hui 1.540,298 xec., BaseHHOfl h y^^BHOi 39,197 ffic 

Bb laM^OBCBOfi: jsjnvh 783 tucahh ^), seicjH noiri^n^raBeft 
1.638,589 jsfic.j BaaeHHoft h y^BHofl 635,916 wc. 

Hsi 9THX'B A&HHUX'B BHAHO, CBOJIBBO BB BUmeO&HaWHHIIX% fj- 

(JepHiflX'B Ha Ei^i^BAyK) xymy npaxoAHrci o5pa6oTBiBaTB ^shz'b se* 



^) OTBOCHiejiBHO noMinm^BHTi H yitji&HHXi seMOA MH DOHepnaem Ciix'taiii msh 
paeuaAKH rocyxapcTBeHHaro seMCEaro c6opa, a OTHOCRTejBBo KaseHHHxi seiieiB mn 
TpyxoBi KOHMHcciH A^fl HsciixoBaHin nojroseHLi ceiBCKaro xoaaftcTBa. 

>) Hecjia xynTB specTBflHi, sx^cb noEasaHHEu, HicsoibEo He cxoaxtcji c% DpusexeH- 
HHMH Bume HToraMH specTBflHi XByxB paspflxoBB; 9to npoHczoxHTB on Toro, ^ro BKme 
■oiasaHH 6iuH rocyxapcTBeHiiHe KpecTBAHe tojibko HaxixeHHHe, a sxicB npHBexeeo 
^HCJO BcizB specTBum, HaxiiOHBHX'B H H6Hax'&i6HHHxi, no CBixtnijun vkcjA omiaLfr 
HHXB (T.-e. noxaTHuxi) Kjnrb, IIocjiixHee ^hcio HnierB ^oiie 6jui8Boe OTaomeHie Kh 
Bonpocy 061 oTHomeHiaxi Moxxy npexioxeHiem xpyxa e cnpocoMi Ha ipyx^, x&, ipoirib 
Toro, no H^EOTopuiTB ry6epHunE'B y naci He 6bio noiHHXB cBix^mt ^HBonxib sp^ 
■ocTHHX'B KpecrBflHaxB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KPIGTBJraOKIfl nSPSCSJEHUI. 185 

mm; a npHcoeAHHflji vh qyauurB deuiswh cotfcTBeHHtifl BpecTBAH- 

Oit HEiAijIl, MOSHO BHBeCTH H o6w}Sl HOpMH BCerO BOJH«[eCTBa 

ol^MUSamBaeMOfi seiuH, npHxojoifliAUicfl na Ajmy. TasmrB otfpasoirB 

Ha xyiDf npHxoxHTCii: 
a) ^yzofi seiUH: 5) Bceft sexiH: 

ry(>epHia: X e c ji t h h i: 

BoiHHCKaA. 4,4 8,2 

noxoJbCBaji 2,4 4,8 

KieBCKOfl 2J 5,2 

HoxraBCKaji 2,6 5,1 

KypcKaa 1,9 5,5 

^epHHTOBCsafl 2,8 6,0 

XapBSOBCKafl 2,3 6,2 

BopoHescRafl 1,9 6,5 

TaM6oBCKafl 2,8 6,4 

Bb aroTB pascqerB, pasymi^eTCHy He bobuh RaseflBne jj^ca^ 
epejcMBMiomfe oqeHB cjiaCiifi cnpocB na pa^o^yio CHJiy. 

BuzowThy ^^o norpetfHOcrb o6pa($OTRH ^shtb seiiejiB otohb 
fiesBa^HieiBHO yBejiH^HBaen cnpocB na paffo^yio CH:iy; ^yms. 
aeiijn, sa neMHorHME BoaetfankMH, npntfaBJAHXTB sa Bas;QrH) 
jijmj TOJiBKO o6pa6arBy 2-x'b jHinHHX'B jsficannrh hjih orojo Toro; 
jmApb noxo6Hoft npE^aBSH Kaserca SHaHETejTBH^ vh BOJisiHCBOtt 
fftiepHui, HO Tyvh pasHHi^a HarierL jiHinL ^^HSTHBHoe BHa^eme, tslkl 
ush vh arofi ryC^pmH, fb noaiccsHX'B Ybs]ifi,Tb, hhofo nenio- 
XOffOMjauTh noM^n^HTBnx'B sexejiB, hbi BoropurB- ne Bci npe;^- 
nuxm cnpocB na BpecTBflHCBitt xpyx^. OraacTH to se CvT&AyerB 
cnsarb o H^aoropHX'B ytsxaxi ^epHHroBCBOfl ry^epnui; Boo^n^e, 
npaBHJBiAe 6yjifirh npexnojiosHTB, hto vb o^^hx^b toabo-hto na- 
9$mBML% Ty6epmsiTh o6pa6oTBa noiAmfimaxi> ^eneja npntfaBJifleTB 
novn CTOJBBO xe xpyxa Ha BpecTBflHCByH) ^^ymy, cboj^bo bx ;Q)y- 
mn noHMeHOBaHHHX^B Bume rytfepniflxx. BTas'B, pasM^prB otfx- 
iCBraHoft npatfaBBH bb homc^, oxBaTUBaion^efi abbatb 6ojAe hjio^o- 
powBTB rytfepHiil, Baiettiercfl aHmB Mes^Qr 1,9 e 2,8 xecflTH- 
Hun na xymy. Hh b^ oxnoft ry6epHiH o6pa5oTBa ^ysHxi se- 
Hen He yxBOHBaen pasirlpa npoHSBOAHre^BHaro seMjiex^BqecBaro 
tpjjifiy npHjaraenaro vb BpecTBAHCBOxy hi^^^; bto t^itb 6oMie 
coftmeKMSBOj ^to kb cocraBi BJiax^B^ecBHrB sexejiB Besffb bxo* 
xm Hi^BOTopafl nacTs xaio yxo($HEixi, h tto y noM^n^HBOBB (Jonme 
ffanb J i^ecTBflffB Hafix^TCx c^hobocob^, TpetfyioH^HX'B Tpy^a toabo 
iqp y6opKt dtea, ho ne Hy»xaionQixai hh vh pacnamvly he bb 
Bociofi; wh Tony se, o6pa6aTBa ^sofi sauH ne ctoabo xaerB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



186 ncnm npomi. 

zeiuef^j>n:y xoxoxa, Bas'B o6pa6oTBa co<ScTBeHHoS« 06p9i6mu 6^n 
xeciTHHi CBoefi H qyxofl seiuH vb ynoxAHyrott noaoci ryiSepHii 
ORasuBaercii MaBCHMjEOMX npiuoaeflifl seiL^e^^^^ecKaro xpyxiik 

r^t HacejieHiii ORasuBaerca (5oiMne, h^itb hjsho aju o6pt- 
(5oTRH M^^CTHuxi seifejiB — jHmHHirB pa6o^H]ix pyxaiTb nenero 
X^jiaTB y ce6fl aomr, pasB^ tojibko nepe^HsaTB xpyi^ y xpyra sa- 
pa6oTORi. IIoMTHO, HTO TyTB npex-ioseme xpyAa A^^aexca naiipj- 
;ReHH'le, h fb lesy^Bxarl AOJ^iHa snaqHTejBHO noHHsaTbca sa- 
A^nHaa n^iara, eciH tojibro nacejeme He cbjwieTh HafirH ce6i 
(5ojie AOcraioHHoe h 6oj^ npH^iuBHoe saHfliie na cxopori. 3a- 

M^THITB npH dTOMl, HTO SOJIH^eCTBO MtoHUXl 3eMeJB OCTAeiCfl 

nocTOflHHinrB, Mes^y ^m% saK'B Haceieme pacrerB, cii^OBa- 
leiBHO, OTHomeme ueTRjxj cnpocoMi na ipyx^ h npeA^oseHieirL 
ipy^a cnoco6Ho BSM^HflTBca jhiiib He fb nonsy nocxlffflro. 
noTpe($HocTB wh pa6oqefi chji'6 a^a o6pa6oTBH m'Icthbix'b seitejiB 
MOseTB To:iBso yMeHBrnaxBCJi. Bosmoshha bi seMJieA^BHecBOirB xo- 
SJiflCTBi yjyqmenifl, vb pojsjb BBexeHifl naniHHB h t. hoa, bb cboh> 
o^epeAB, TOJBBO yueHBHiaiorB cnpocB Ha xpyA^, f/bzdJOTb jHmHiifi 
en^e 66ihmy¥> nacTB pysi h, ci'bAOBaTejBHO, bo BCflBOMB ciy^ai, 
BeAyTB He b% BO^umeHifo pasM'&pa hx'l BosHarpasAenifl. 

To o5cTOJiTejBCTBO, ^TO HasBaHHUfl HaaiH ry6epHiH npHHave- 
sarB Kb HBCjy HaBfio^^e naoAopoAHiixi — iiaao yBara^HBaen 
AOJK) seiueA^jiBua vh j^bAesA otfn^ett cymcu seiue^A^^^^csara 
npoHSBOACTBa. KpecTBflHBH'B BUBrpuBaeTB TOJBBO Ha EaqecTBt seMH 
co6cTBeHHaro naAtjia; ho rasB sasi aoctobhctbo hohbh, 66ibm&o 
^acriio, ypaBHOB^mBBaerca pasnipoirB HaA^jia, to fb o6ii^eirB 
BTOi^ BiiroAH seMJieAiJiBAa Bce-raRB ocranrcfl o^eHB yirtpeHHHiai. 
IIjiOAopoAie ze seMejiB, ne npBHaAJesan^BX'B speciUHaMi, Boaoe 
He orpasaercfl a^b hbxx CK0wiBKQ*HB6yAB HyBCTMTejiBHHini no- 

Ca^ACTBiBMH. BuCOBOe AOCTOBHCTBO HOUU^ HO BBBiCTSUlTB BEOflO- 

HB^ecBBifB sasonaM^, yeeiB^BBaerB toabo «peHTy>, xo-eciB ffiso 
BjaA^iBi^a BOMJiBy a ne pa6oHyx> njaiy^ nocrynannQrx) fb pyn 
BpecTBflffB. Penra npexciasjBerB co6ok> nunLm&eh npcniBBOABieA- 

HOCTH AaHHOfi SeiUB HI^CB HpOBBBOABXeJBHOCTBB) CaifOft XyAtB^ 

B81 otfpafioTHBaeifBix^ seicejB; 4^aBTB o6pa6oTBB nocii^AHefi ciy- 
BCBTB xoBasaTejiBCTBOirB, ^TO efl npoAysTB ffyctam^s!h a^ no* 
BpuxU CTOHMOCTB HpBjaraeiiaro kb net TpyAa b sanBraia — 
HHa^e 66 He ciajB 6u o($pa6oTUBaTB. Bee se, ^ uoMjneM 
ch seiUB CBepx^B oniaTH Tpy;ia h BaniTaja, TO-ecrb ace, nT6 oo- 
cxaBuen* npeBMyn^ecTBo Basoll-jiHtfo seMJB npeAi zynnen bsb 
o6pa((0TUBaeiuixi, — cociaKuierB BuroAy BjaA^^iBi^a. Kojb csopo 

QAHa ]li»GTBOCTB BIIXOAHTB HJH)flOpOffBie XPJTOltj BemeBIBA^HWt^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KPEGTbUCKIfl nsFicuaHiii. 187 

oqriteHBaerB rb cbok) nanoy Bec& HSiHmeKi* ex npoxynon, h Ha 
WD 8eMJiex^Bi](a ocraercfl otfuBHOBeHHafl Hopica pa^^eft uiaTEi. 
neaiOMy, npeufyn^ecTBeHHoe njo^opoAie padcifarpHBaeMiix'B HaiiH 
i^tiepHifi xJfl BpecTBflHB HM^erB BHaneHie jibqib HaciojLso, aa- 

aOAKO OHO OTHOCHTCfl Kl CO({CT0eHHOMy HX^ Ha^^jlJ, TOeCTB 

BtcsojBKO OHH caMH HpexcTaRifliorB ^enjieBJi^xbjihafiifby o6.iaAa- 
leiel pevFB. ?to se sacaercfl paanipa pa($oqeft maiu, to owb 
ofiyaouHBaeroi, rjiaBHHicB o6pa80inb, cnpoooiTB n npexjoseniein^, 
lo-^ciB rycTOTOH) Hacejenifl h eojh^ctbom'b noxJiesangix'b o6pa- 
(NRii seiiejiLB. 

Bb CBII8H CB rycTOTOH) HacejieHifl ua pasM^pi pa6oHefi njaiH 
jcBoro BJUiierB eqe H&iH'binHflfl noAaxHafl cHCieica. Cpo^BociB jujimu 
QOjMuel x^jaeTB to, ^to bo BpeMfl Hyasw BpecTBflHairB npnxo- 
;untfl otfpan^iTBCfl, BaR'B ipb eAHHCTBeHHOMy Hcro^HHEy — e'b npo- 
wrt rpyxa- Xlodroiiy, paxE noAaxefi ohh tfuBaiorB BiiHysAfteMBi 
opoxaBarB btotb Tpy^i juenRe AemeBjie ero o6£iBHOBeHHOfi croHMOcni. 

GsasaHHoe naiiH, Cyfiymn B^pno TeoperH^ecKH, vb to seb BpeMfl 
noxnepauaeroi i^&ieim'b paaomi npaKTH?ecBHX'B flBjeeift. Mh bh- 
Ben, ^TO moAopoAie seicjiH yBejE^HBaerB toibbo peffry, hto npe 
Tjaoii HacaieHifl, ycHjiHBaioiqefi npeA-ioseele Tpyxa necopasMtpHO 
CB cnpocoMi, H npH noAaiHoft CHcreici, chjbho odiaraion^eft 
tpjKh — BeHstiisHO AO^seHS noHEsarBCfl ypoBeHB pa($oqeB njiaru 
I yiigHu hm^tb MicTO BUHysAeHHUfl npoffiuu Tpyxa no en^e 
(Soribe xemeBoft i^niu UocMOTpHirB TenepB, BavB aTo onpaBXfiiBaeTCfl 
BI x^^- 

B:b RypcKOfi ry6epHiH mh caMH Bcrp^HaiH j^asTii apenxoBaBifl 
KpecTBflflaMH noM^npi^Beft aeMu, npneMi ohh njarHJH sa OAHy 
lecsTHHy noj^B uocb^rh osHMaro xjr£6a 15 pytfjeft bi> roAi> aa f,e- 
aasBj noxB apoBoft xjA&l 12 py6jet, h, BpoM'6 Toro, BBinojHfljiH 
oco6ku OTpa6oTBH, exHHCTBeHHO 8a TO, ^0 UTB dawm seMJK) 
n apeHxy. Cjutraa nxaiy sa osHMyio h apoByio xecaTHHy h npH- 
KUfan KB paae^ei^ TperBH), orxuxaioiiurio, A^ciTHHy, noiyuM^ 
cpcndl HoxBCflTHHHiift x^HesHuft uitTesBL'b Bi 9 pytfiiefi; a TavB 
lacB oco6sui OTpa6oTBH ct6h)tb en^e obojo mtTH-mecn py<Sjefi, to 
BOxeexTHHEiifi xoxoxB eocraBuerB He Menite 11 py(Sjieft« TaMib xe, 
npi o6pa6onrfi seMen Bcnojy, BpeciBflHe h aeMjeBJUAdb^'B xoxa 
H xijuTTB o6n(ee boje^octbo seMeaBHaro npo^yKTa nonoaaMi, ho 
ip nowb BpecTBflHe 8aci«UK>n bch> seMJio cbohmh cftMenaMH h, 
190MA loro, TaBse BunaiHaioTi eqe oco^ua OTpa6oTBB* Sth ci- 
mtm H OTpa6onui yiediH«BaB)TB BOSHarpaaBAeHie noMJtn^Ba. Cai- 
KWReiBHO, TyT% He noioiBHa, a no BpaflHel nipt AB£*TpeTH 
jpoxM otfpaiiMnefl n «peBTy». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



188 B^CTHHK'b XBPOnH. 

Bb TpjffiTh KOMMHCdH XU IdCJliAOBaHU! CaiBCMrO XOSflftCTBa 

KH, Tofi xe sypCBOl rytfepmH, BcrptqaesrB cAfjfou^ k^ueus: 
FB n^HrpoBCBOiTB j^xb sa osHMyK) A^CflTHHy njiaTHTCs 14 — 20 
py(5.; sa apOByio ACCaTHHy 10 — 12 p.; bi thmcboitb — sa nepBjv) 
J^ecflTIIHy 11 — 16 py6., sa sropyiD — 8 — 12 p.; vh BypcKOi» — 
sa OBHMyio xecaTHHy 8 — 20 p., sa aposyK) — 6 — 15 p. h t. m- 
Bb pujbCBOicB H nyniBjibCKOBrB y^te^arB EcnojibHafl cecreiia, no 
noBasamio seiueBiax^JBi^eBi, cocioetb bi cjFkfjvdmbinh: «Kpecrbx* 
HHH^, o6pa6oTavB 5 fficsmwh seiuH h 4 hbi hexi sacy&iBi c^om jm 
ciHeHaMH, a njiTyK)— rocnoACSHMB, h y6paBi sarbirL yposaff, 6e- 
pen ce&b nojOBBHEyiD ^acTB tojbro cb nemapex'h MficaiEWb^ xpy- 
ryK> se no^OBHey cb ainxi x^CflriiFB, paBHO RasrB n bch) sar^ 
CB 54 ;iecflTHHEi, OTxaeTB BjaA%j[BiQr». HraBB, TyrB na 4-2^ x^cfl* 
THsarB xosflficTBO Bexercfl x^ttcrBerejiBHO Hcnojiy, xora cfeneHa 
xaiOTB oxHH specTBaHe, a ubtbsl xecfliHHa o6pa6oT£iBaeTCfl BaKrb 
XotfaBO'raoe BOSHarpasxeHie BMjsfbjihn^^ csepxi noJOBHHu yposaa. 
«RpOM^ Toro, — xo6aBjuiKyrB seMjieBjiax^jBipi, — bb tii&Koroptix'B 
xtcTHoerax'B, CMorpfl no sanecTBy seMJiii h tycmomtb Hacejenu, 
specTBflHe OTpatfoTHBaiOTB en^e cb Rasxoft xecflTBHu: osHMott — 
no 2 BOHHuxi H no 1 nimeicy xhh>, n apoBoft — no 1 soHHOMy 
H 1 nimeify xhh)». Bcb npnBexeHnufl x&hheih, Bnojini corjacyacs 
Meaxy co6oK), noxTBepaxaiorB xpyra xpyra n nosasHBaiorB, qxo 
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V< ypoautfl, H TOJiBBo ocrajiBHafl xperB e.ih Mente npexcraBjflers 
Bosnarpasxenie 8a xpyx'B h sa ipaiy RanHiaaa {dbuewb^ opyxifly 
pa6o9aro CBOxa k t. nox.)- 

UepeftxeM'B kb nojiTaBCBoft rytfepniH. 

Bb 8o;iOTOHonicBoifB y%8x6, no cJOBaifB «AoKjiaxa bom. m^ 
Hscj. cej. xo8.»: «KpecrBflHHHi cterB x^Cflmny cbohmh d^MeHan 
H ffiLCTb Bjiax'6jiBiQr 3 'ft cnonB h n'&cBOitBico pa6o^Exi XHefi». B'b 
poMeHCROiTB — <xB% xeoiTHHEi oTxaioTCfl BpecrBflHaiTB, a ipeTBD 
specTB^ne sac&BaioTB CBomni c^MenaMH hjisl noMtatHsa, njni me 
aeiufl Boo6n^e OTxaerca specTBinaifB^ Boropue orxaion noxin^BEy 
3-K) Bonny; wh ciBepnoft ^acrn yi^WL, rx^ nacejienie tffuney nps 
HcnojBHoft o6pa6oTBi& BpecrBane emfi npinn^BBaiOTB no 2 py6jui». 
CSBbx^nia o iiojmuMSofi rytfepeiE, vb «Tpyxax'B BOninicciH*, Bnpo- 
^ewbj He nojiHu h oumaH)rar otpubohhoctbio; ho h hsi npuie* 
xeemrrB yBasanifi biixho, ^to co BBjno'veHieirB npinaaTB h orpa- 
60TBOBB, Biniojrax€9C&rB BpecTBanaxn, penra cocraBjaen ho ]feoi& 
nojioBHHu Bcero ypoxaa. «HaeMHUfl ubmi na seiin hotth Bngk 
BB noBumeHig» — 8air6<iaDn noaraBCBie aeiueBJiax^bjBitii. 

Bi Tax6oBCBOft ryiJepniH, npg hopoxhhtb HaftMXB, tf^bmi Ha 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BPSCIMHGfilX niPICEXEHIfl. 189 

8QUH cji^yfonuii: fb jiBneipBOifb yi»Kh aa osHMyK) xecflieHy— 10 — 
13 p., 8a apoByK) 9 — 10 py6.; fb TaM($OBCBOH'B— 8a OMMyio 8 — 
15 p., 8a flpoByH) 6 — 13 p.; b^ kosjobcboitb — 8a osHMyio 10 — 
17 p., sa apoByiD 6 — 15 p. h t. ;^. ^KaKi lOJirOBpeiieHHiia, TasB 
B noro;^HHfl apeHAHBia i^^nu bo mhofhx'b ifbcTaxx 8a nocji'lAHifl 
6—10 ^irh no^TnyABOBLiHCB*. Hcno^Haa CHCxeifa npHSHaercfl ji^a. 
uv^xkufim> seMJiH «MeH^e BuroxHOio*. Gji^AOBaTejBHO, h xyrB 
pena cocxasjiserB 6oj^ nojiOBHHu yposaa. BBAoposaeie deuexb 
3aK%^fteTCfl H vb xapBROBCBOfi ry^epHin, vjsjb wb H^ROTopux'B m^- 
cmn, fifiiSBie h npH xoarocpowofi apeHx*!, njiaTnicfl bx foa*^ cb ffi- 
cttBEa 6 py6jett. 

TenepB nepeflxeMi Kb npoTHBonojrosHOMy Kpaio nojiocu — Kb 
noiOJBCBoff ry($epHiH. Sjsjbcb seiiejBHUfl apeHAHUfl i^'^^hu 6hctpo 
II0XIU.1ECB Bi> nocj^AHie row; ceMB-BoceMB ji^tb TOMy HaBaA'B 8a 
mxTEMj njaTHjra osojio 2 py6jiefi, a xenepB njiaiarB ao 6 py6- 
jefi, npHHeifB, paayK^ercfl, BOSBumeBie seiie.iiBHtix'B ajbin, emfi sa- 
AepsHBaeicfl bsb^humh orpaHHiemflMH vb npacaxi noBynRH h 
ipeHAOBaaifl seMejiB, OTHOcfln^Hiicfl Kb nai^ioHajiBHOCTflMi. He 6yj(b 
dimrb orpaHH^eHifi, BOBBumeeie h^eu senejiB 6uio 6u emfi hu- 
crpte; HO ecan oho leaepB h saxepsHBaercfl, to 8to o6cTOflTeiiB- 

CTBO HHCKOJIBBO He H8M£HfleTB fflJE KpeCTBJlHHHa - pa60THHBa H Ba- 

raefCfl TOJBSO paBc^eroBi Mes^y seMJieBiiaAijBi^eM'B h apenAaxopoiTB. 
Ob 8Tolt ry($epHiH EcnojBHaa CHcreMa ne cyn^ecTByerB (aaBflTHXTB 
scraTH, Hto Bupasenie «HcnojiBHafl» na npaKXHR^ yrpaTHjo CBoft 
oysaajBHufi CMuca'B; lasi sasi oho OBnaqaerB hotojibko A^ficxBH- 
TejBHiifi x&iesi npoAyBTOBx «nonojiaM%», ho Boo6n^e pacnpeffiiie- 
316 npoAyKTOFB yposafl MesAy senjieBjaA^^i^eM'B h pa(5oTHHB0irB 
STB sapaH']^ oopeA^eHHOfl nponopuin; mei yse bha^jih, hto npn 
TtKB^HaaBiBaeMOft «BcnojBHo2» cHCieH^ penxa mosotb cocraBjfliB 
'/a ypoautfl), no^eiiy ne xaBi yxo^HO npeAcraBHTB, saRyio HiieHHO 
xosK> yposafl cocxaBjaerB penxa? Ho yate caiioe orcyxcTBie hchojib- 
Hoft CHCxeMBi noRaauBaexB, qxo cy^ecxByioniafl BOJiBHOHaeMHaa ch- 
creva xosflficxBa a^ B^aA'^Bi^eBi^ BBiroAH^e HcnojBHofi n tto, ci^- 
AQMaeiBHO, prara xyrB ne mosctb 6uTb ^ewbe hojobhhu npo- 
4yKia. 

HiasfB, necoMH^HHO, hxo fb rycxoHacejeHHHXi ryCepHiax^ hb- 
jsiBeB'B HJOXopoAifl seMjQ o6pamaexcfl npaMo fb peHxy h ne OBa- 
lUBaeTB BjiflBia na bufoau BeMjieffljBi^ 3to CA^aexcfl en^e acnie, 
Borxa MU conocxaBHiTB BucoByio peHxy naBBaHHuxi rytfepnitt cb 
fMMipoiTB saA^BHofi Hiaxu. 

Ui BypcBofi ryiiepHiH, no noBasamio 8BcnepxoFB-8eMj[eBjaA&u- 
^en, AaHHOMy bommhccIh, fb pujibcbomi h nyxBBjBCBOU'B yiBAax'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



190 MOTHirBXBPOnH. 

AttmuiH pa6o?iil vmb onJiaHnBaercfl 30 — 40 Ron., a fb jbtobckomi 
H HOBOOCiojTBCROirB jsjUKB 25 — 30 Kon. (pasyn^^eior, 6effb xosafl- 
CBMYb xapqeft). Bo Bpeiui MOiorbtfti) pa5oHie f^fURe cb jomaABio 
noiy^BXTb no 25 Kon. ^o;^OBoft pa6o^& noiynaerB 36 — 50 py(5- 
jj^eft, TO-ecTB 3 — 4 pytfjia vb n^cfli^^. 

Bi nojiraBcsoM'B y^jsjb xferHifi pa6oiii nojy^aerB vb acbb 30 
— 40 Kon.; bt. uBpsmiECROWh 15 — 30 Kon.; fb Ko6ejflKCBom 15 
— 25 Kon. H T. ;(., to-6ctb, fb nojraBCROfl ryfiepmH njara pa6o- 
^BMi exeajiH He HHse, h^itb bi Eypcsott. 

Bi TaM6oBCROfi ry^peiH noKasamfl ^RcneprOBTB jifix/n pasHO- 
otfpasHUfl cB^j^Hifl, n onpex^-ieme pa($o^e3 maTu Roje^irercfl umfj 
30 son. H xase 1 py6jeirB bi .i^roee speMS. PasM^pi n^iani ro- 
XOBuiTB pa6oHHirB, no liwb se noBasamflirB, o^eHBMajio pasHHToi 
npoTHBi RypcROfi ry6epHiH. 

Bb noxojBcsofl ry6epHiH, vb jri^THee Bpeicfl noxennafl nx aTa ^o- 
xoAHTB AO 40 Ron., HO HHorxa naxaerB jip 30 Ron. Bee 9to sa- 
BHCHTB OTB pasM^pa jposaeFB, ROTopse Vb noci^xHi^ ^W^ ^K^K 
OHeHB pa3HOo6pa8Hu: psxoH'B cb toxoitb o6HJiBHaro c6opa hhof^ 
Bcrp^^a^ca coBepmenno HeyposafiHHfi, rojoxnufi fo^b; ho fb otho- 
meHiH KB njiaii sa rpyx^ Bcero jy^rae (JyserB npHHjTTB fb coo(5- 
pasenie chjibho pacnpocrpaHflH)nQnK>cfl xam CHcreify Hafiva Ha ro- 
AOByio (Japnpny: RpecTBane o($ii3iiBaK>TCfl Rpjrrjiill vo^b pa6oTaTB 
no 2 xHfl B'b Mejsjbjm h nojiynaiorB 8a bth 100 pa6o^nrB mi 
15 — 18 pytfjeft, TO-eciB 15 — 18 r. sa jchb pa6oTH bo BcaKoe 
BpeMfl roxa h na cbohtb xap^ax'B. U^ina 9Toro cpe^Hflro ro^OBoro 
XHfl BupasaeTB pesyjiBiaTB o6n^aro HTora dROHOMH^ecRHXi^ yciOBit 
irlcTHOCTH, noMHMO cjyHaftHaro BJiiflniji yposaeFB. He jramena she- 
Henifl TaRse naaTa, nojiy^aeMaji RpecTBflHanH na caxapmixi saso- 
xaxi: sa Micimx njaTHTCfl lyrB 4, 4V« hjih 5 pyCaeft, to-octb otb 
13 xo 18 Ron^KB FB A^HB, HpH xodflftCROMi yse Ropifb; HO 8Ta 
pa6oTa — He otfiiRHOBennHft 3AopoBEifi ceiBCRift Tpyx'B: ryn pa6o- 
Taion 12 qacoFB fb x^hb, npH xapRoS aiMoc^pt saBO^a h bi 
xojOAHoe BpoMfl roxa, ^rb pacnojiaraerB kb npocryAaifi h BOo6n|e 
npH 6ojBnjoirB pncR^ x^a sxopoBBH, xa^B RavB noM^n^enifl pa6a- 
^HXi o^OHB tIchu, a noMOn^ 6ojiBHmrB nacro uohth ho cym/t- 
CTByeTB, Me^xy i^m^ saRi th^ h xpyrifl 6oji%8hh BecBMa ne- 
p4^XK0 noc^Q^aiOTB saBOXH. Ha noxotfHHa pa6oTii x&se ne Bcusii 
nofixerB. Haxotfno sairk^HTB, hto ynoMHHyrafl CBCreifa nafiMOFB na 
roxoByio 6apntHHy nosBHjiacB yaRe 10 jAvb Hasaxx; fb to Bpeiia, 
Rorxa i^'6hu sohojib h mhofhx'b xpyrHX'B npexMeroFB saa^HTeiBEO 
noxHfljHCB, i^na tfapn^HHu hohth ne noxBHHyjiacB: npesxe uarH- 
jiocB 15 py6jiefi 8a 100 xnefi, h lenepB eo^e Bcrpi^^aeTai moTH^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SPSCTMHCKIJI niPEOKJIEHIJI. 191 

use i^Ha, aRoe-FA'i^ nocjiiAHflfl no^Hfl^acB tojbbo ao20 py6., h 
jse He nepexoxHTi^ sa aTOTB npe^'^ai. 

HacKoiBRO Hysx& h cpo^Hafl ynjiaxa noAATeft BnEysA^^^ri 
n xemeBoft npoAas^ Tpy^a, mosho BULfjkrh hsx MHornx'B npHM^- 
pon. B'B noAOACKoS ry6epHiH HairB caMHMi^ npHxoxHJiocB Bcrp^- 
HaiB ycjiOBifl nes^y HaHHMaTejuiMH h KpecTLflHaMB, fb BOTopux'L 
onpoBeHHo BUCKastiBaiocB: •bsab'b cto.ibko-to pyCjiefi y laKoro- 
TO n ynjaTy noAaieft*, mu o6fl3HBaeMca rb le^eHie 6y;^yI^a^o 
ika BunojiHHTB lam-TO pa6oTu, c^HTaa no Tanofl-TO n^ni. «Hys- 
iua FB ;(eHBrax'B ;(jaui ynjaTu noAarefi*, mu nojiy^HJiH otb TaRoro- 

10 n Sa^TOITB CTOJIBBO-TO H ^OJI^RHEI OTpatfOTUBaTB HO TaROfl-TO I^H*!. 

lyrB BE^^^H^ He HpocTO HaHHMaTeJiB H pa6oTHHRi, a ^ejaiOB^R^B, Haxo- 

poplCfl KB RpafiHOCTH H ^ejOB^R'B, MOPyil^iS BUpy?HTB H3X RpaflHO- 

cn BTB TpyxHyio MHHyry. B'b npHBeAeHHuxi npnirlpax'B RpecTBflne 

soiy^aiH njiaTjr: 20 py(Jjefi— sa 104 aha bx ro;^i (no 2 «ea fb hc- 

)i^)j 10 pytfjieft 3a 50 waeft vb Arbmma nepioA'B, ex 1-ro anpija 

no 1-e 0BTfl6pfl (xose no ^Ba xna vh nex^Jio) n t. nox.? T.-e. bo 

BCflEOVB cjy^a'i njiaxa 6Hja Mecrie 20 Ron. bi ;(eHB, na RpecxBan- 

ooTB xe xapnaxi. BHHysxeHHOCTB noAo6Hux'B ycioeift, Rpoirl 

67KBaiBHaro CMBicjia npEBexeHHux'B Bume Bupaxenifi, AORaBUBaerca 

eiqe qMBHaedeirB pa6oHefi nsaTu no TaRHMx ycjOBiaifB cb njiaxoio' 

jqm seBHHysAeHHux'B xoroBopaxx. Oahhx ji^TniS m^cai^ onjia^H- 

neici ;^fl RpeciBflH'B toS aie noAOJBCRoft ry6epHiH nnorAa xaax 

jce, sax:B H Bca ro^OBaa Capn^HHa. 

Bb HOJiascROft rytfepniH, no oxnoiiy noRaBaniio, ^^annoMy rom- 
nodi ;(afl HSCJiiAOBaHifl cejiBCRaro xo3afiCTBa, «HiROTopHa bro- 
HOHiH ccyssaHyrB RpecTBflH'B oceHBH), A^fl ynjaraiH noxaiefi, xenBraMH, 
CB TiiTB, ^To($u xeHBrn bth ohh xircowh sapafiorajiH. B'B drnxs 
exyuaxB, y6opRa AecflTHHu Ta(5aHHofi nJaHTa^iH o6xoxHTca bm^o 
30 py6jieft »b 20 py(Jjieft, a y6opRa ;tecflTHHH xjri&6a bm4cto 2 p. 
50 s. Bi 1 p. 50 R.>. 

Bb sypcROft ry6epHiH, bb yisxax'B RypcROirB, ^aTescROH'B, 
hkckoitb, crapoocROJiBCROM'B, ni^nrpoBCRoirB, Ropo^ancROHi, jibfob- 

OOKB H HOBOOCROJnCROirB «3eHJ[eBja;(tjlBI^U OCeHBK) BUA&H>Tl p&~ 

itnawh A^HBni Bnepex'B, Roropua BnocJi^ACTBin Bac^nxiiBaiOTca hhx 
at pafkiTii*. 

,^l(uce HSTB lyjiBCROfi ry($epHiH mu HM^eMX no^o^Hoe sro noRasa- 

jde, xAHHoe lAcmsxh rytfepnaTOpoMx: «oceHBH), Ror^a naciynaerB 

BHOCHTB VB RasHaHeScTBo pasHue c6opu, RpecTBHHe HysAaiOTca 

xeHBraxTB H npo^aioTi CBOfi tfy^yn^ifl Tpy;^ sa 6e8i^HORi>. 

He OAHHB pasi cjny^aerca Bcrp'lHaTB b fb nacTHux'B pasroBO- 

a H FB ne^axH pascRasu o tomx, RaR'B oceHBio n shmoh) pas- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



192 BftGTHIK'B SBPOIH. 

Hue HaHHMaiejiH h hx'b areHni pasiissaHXTB no AepeBram h, paa- 
;^aBafl saxaTRH bo Bpena nysAH h ynjaiH noAarefi, xenxe^o savf- 
naK>rB 6y;(yiipfi Tpy^i. EepeH cjiaBflxcfl cbohki HCRyccrBom bi 
ToproBjii HysHH^ TpyAOMi. Ecj[H6n mu crajui npHBOAHTB noxo<^ 
HUfl nsBicrifl, to 9to sanfljio 6u cjihihromi mhofo iricra. Aocia* 
TOHHO, ^0 CHcreMa flfimeBox'b sasynoRii xpy^a BcrpiHaercfl na 
6ojiBinoM'b npocrpaHCTB']^ orB no^ojiBCsott rytfepmn xo lyjiBCBOfi, a 
Mosen 6uTh h Ad>jn»nie. 

EcjiH it^Hu Ha TpyA^ bib rycxoHacejeHHiix'B rytfepHiax^ h bs- 
uiEAKytai H^CBOibKO, TO 9T0 601,6 H6 SHaHHTb, ^:£o6u BuroAH Tpyxflii^- 
rocfl yB6J[HHHBajincB; saaiHa ne A^HesHaa i^'^na, a 0TH0in6Hie ues^ 
i^^HOK) Tpy^a H xpyrHMH npeAM6TaMH. Ecjeh, HanpHic^pi, kb no- 

^OACKOfi ry66pHiH JljhBA AByXAH6BH0tt 6apiI^IIHlI Vh C6MB-BO0eMB 

jrbrb noAHflJiacb na 20 npoi](6HTOBi, to b% tote so nepioxb npe- 

K6HH I](^Ha 36M6JB BOSBUCHJiaCB BTpOO; HJ^HA Xjr3&6a, MilCa H ^J' 

TExrb npoAyBTOBi noTp66jieHifl TaBso BOBBsiciiJiacB no BpaflHeft u^pi 
KB nojTopa pasa; pasM'&p'b noBHHHOcrett toso yBe^H^BJca. IZo- 
OTOMy, H^BOTopoo yB6JHHeHi6 A^nesHofi i^^HH 6n^e h6 AOsasHBaerB 
;^fiCTBHTej[BHaro nox'BOMa BpecTBflHCBHX'B cp6ACTBX^ H 8a i^^ny Toro 
2S6 caicaro Tpyxa hojuba npio6picTB 66jBniaro, ^^m^ npemfj^ 
KOJiH^ecTBa Heo6xoAHMux'B npeAMOTOBTB. Eor^a noBBunome luaTn sa 
Tpyx^ OTCraorB otb noBumeHis Apyrnxrb jijbwby lyvh csop^ mosho 
npoAnojaraTB yBOJEHeme saTpyAHomfi. 

HecopasicipnocTL cnpoca na TpyA'B Cb npe^iatoseHieMi noci^X- 
HJiro wh rycTOHacoJOHHiix'B ry66pHiflx'B, RaBi mh yse saic^TKiH, 

yB6JHHBBa6TCJI E ^HCJIO «JHinHHX'B» JPJK'hy HymAaK)II](HXCfl Bl, OXS- 

CBaniH pa6oTi, BospacTaerb. 

Posy^BTaxoMx Tasoro nojosonifl Kbji% flBjaBorca ycHJieHHux 
HCBaHifl 3apa6oTBOFB na cTopon^, TaB^B-HasuBaeMBie OTxoade npo- 
Mucjiu. HsjiHiDOB^B pa6o^HX'B pyBi Hu^erB ce6i npHJOsemji aa 

MHOrifl COTHH BepCrB OTB pOAHHU. EpeCTBflHO HanpaBlfllOrCfl TJA&T 

Tjijb ecTB tfo^Bmo npocropa bi senjiflxx^ ni 6ojiLm6 Tpe6oBaHift na 
pafionyK) CDJiy. 

Bm'Ict^ (tb CTpeMJi6Hi6irB E'B OTXOSHiTB seMjeA^^ocBHiTE npo- 
MucjiaMi flBjUi6TCfl H CTpeHJ6Hie Bi n6p6cej[6HiflArB vh npociopHHa 
M^CTa. Jl^a MHorHxi CesseMejBHUx'B hjh najo naA^JiOHHuxi^ sen- 
jreio n6p6ceJi6Hie bt> MHoroseMeuHBifl rydepnin, rxk mosho nojiy- 
qaTB Bucmyio sapatfoTnyio njaTy h Tjijb npexcraBjaiOTCfl nraHcsi 
BaBoro-HH6yAB nosoiceJiBHaro ycrpoficTBa — aBjiflOTca o^enB saHan^H- 

BOK) M6HT0K). E'B nOA06HOfi MO^T* Bp6CTBflHe OTHOCflTCJI — eCJEH 

MOOHO TaBi BBipasHTBCfl — jiHxopaAO^HO. Ohh saxHo npnc^yniBBajBoit^fl 
Bi TOJiBaifti H cjiyxaiTB npoACTOfln^oiTB 6yAT0 6m pasp^memH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KPlOTBfllOKia mPIGBlBHUI. 193 

iKpecejieHii cb jBroraMH) a EHorxa jsfiLme pimaioTCfl na cepBesHus 
ooDimui Kb nepeffBHseHUMi. Bee dro coeepmeHHo eciecTBeHHO j^a. 
vjcof&sa, BOTopoMy na yAcrb pofflsu ne yxaercfl jift6uTh cuTHaro 
^csa xj^^, H soTopufi HiriberB pysn, cnoco^Hiifl 8apa6oTaTB 
Ikuione, h&tb ohi nojiyHaerb. Xota A^^eBo ne bc& nonuTRH w> 
n^eceJueHUDTB x^aiarcfl hsb^cthumh, ho h nonaAaionuflca HHorAa 
vh ne^aiH HSB^cm o towl roBoparB CunnnBOMB KpacHopibiHBO. 
GaMBi ^BTB, ^To Hacejenie xaBi Hyrao othochtch b'b xbjy nepe- 
oejemt, xoBasHBaerBy ^lo xyn a^o nAers o sHBMmefl noTpe($- 
Bocn HaiK)xa. 

Kb saBoiTB BHA^ npeAcraBJiflercfl a^o HCRaHUi sapatfomoBi na 
aopoB% o&b 8T0M^ MosHO nojyBHTB H'j^BOTopoe noHflxie H3% nacio 
jiOMBHaeimrb xpyxoFB KOiofHCcm j^i HdCJ^A- ceji- xoq. Bb exa- 
iqffiBOCiaBCiEyiD rytfepmio pa(So^e npHxoxaxB hsi xapBBOBCBott, Byp- 
ciol, nojixascBofi, ^epHnroBCBoS, BopoHescBofl, opjiOBCBoft, BieBCBoft 
I xaze cMOjeHCBoft ryCepmH h B&iopyccm. Hs'b t^xi se ry6epHifl 
f96o^e npHXOAflxi vb xaBpu^ecayio rytfepHiio, ca'lAOBaxejiBHO, HHiie 
npoxoAs^TB AO nojyropu xuca^H BepcxB h 6o:Ae. Bb Beccapa6iK> 
jiofftTh BpecxBflHe HffB noAOXbCBOfi ry6epHiH, oxBy^a pa6o^ie xaBse 
jxoAflTB H BB xepcoHCByH). HsB xaM($oBCBofl H BopoHescBofi, Hep- 
HifOBcAofiy i^pcBofi, nojxaBCBoft H xapBBOBCBofi Ty6epHift nacca pa- 
foux'B yxoAHTB Ha Jifiwbj BB By6aHCByiD o6jiacrB, bb RpnicB, a 
B3B nepBofi-T-H BB caMapcByH) rytfepmio. 

ToiBBO HexocxaxBH namefi cxaiHcxHBH, Boxopaa xo chx'b nopi 
He ycnijia eo^e saxBaxHXB vh cboh) otfjiacxB H^BOxopux'B nnxepec- 
HJUbnHX'B aBjenifi BBOHOMHHecBoS shshh, M^maen npexcxannxB abh- 
xeBie patSo^Hxi bb ^yms^ rytfepnin co BceH> HarjuiAHOCXBH). Y nacB 
Htn ipi^^pB, BoxopBia MorjH 6u xoxa npH6jiB8HxejiBHO BupasHXB 
jtaiApb BpeMeHHuxi oxjibbobb pa6oHHx% chjtb hb^b rycxo-Hacejen- 
HHxi rydepnifi, hhu, noneBOJii, orpaHH^HBaeiica yBasanieirB, hstb 
lasHX^ lyfiepHifi h bb BaBia nepeABHraHxrca apecxBane a^a seioe- 
AilB^eCBHXl> paiSoTB. 

IIpHBeAeirb, OAHaBO, h^cboibbo saK^^anifly BCxpi'ieHHiix'B naiaE 
BB ipyAaxi BOMMHcdH, saHHMaBmeficfl HSCJi^AOBaHieM'B cocxoama bo- 
jociHiiLXB cyAOBB (h o(h>^&8saBmefi npn axoifB ry6epHiH): bb MHp-- 
ropoACBoft BoiociH (nojixaBCB. ry6.) eseroAHO BUAaexca «BBOxxoffB» 
6ojAe 500 nacnopxoBB, na cpoBH 6oA'be 2-xb M^cai^eBB; hsb co- 

pOVBCBOfi B030CXH OBOJIO 500 ^eJOB^^Bl BaXA^fi rOAB yXOAHTB 

BocaxB Ha flfiwh; hbb caBHHCBoft h HOBo-aBpanoBCBofl BOJiocxefi yxo- 
ASfB Ha npouuauy na JI.oh'b se, neJOB^BB no 200. IIo pascaa- 
aKB xoosteKhy hbb sypcBOfi h noJixaBCBofl ry6epHifi HHorAa yxoAHXB 

OOIBSO BpeCXBHHB, VTO OTB BXOFO 6£iBaerB OHQrXHXeJieHB HeAOCXaXOBl 
Ton L— Ohiaps 1876. 13 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



194 nCTHER'S IBPOSH. 

vb patfoTOXi Ha wberb. Htb qHnipiiBCBaro yfisAa xieBCBOft ryfSqraii 
MajOHax&ieHHue CtiBmie rocyxapcTBeHHHe specibflHe yxojiflTB vh 
joxBhie spafl H Aftse na EaBsasi, sairB aio o6'&fl€HHJOCB npi ne- 
xaBHefl HCTopiH o 6e8nopflABax%, bobhqbiiihxi BCJi'lACTBie Tpe^OBami 
BpecTBflHaMH AynieBoro na^^a. 

HesaBHCHMo on lix'B rygepmfi, soTopHxi icu rochjjhcb BHme, 
cyn^ecTByiorb e^e ABHseHk padoiBXi chjI'b hsx lieHrpaiBHun 17- 
(SepHifi Bi BOCTo^Htifl. Tasi saRii, bib Hacroflo^efi crtmb, mh HM^bem 
wb BHAy, oaBHUM'b otfpasoM'b, ToiBRo 6ojAe hubhcui ry6epmH, 

OTHOCflnUflCfl B'B KOTOpUM'b A&HHlIfl coBepmeHHO AOCraTO^HU A^ 

BtiflCHeHifl BaKHOCTH Bonpoca nepecejemfi, to orpaHHHHMCi oxhhvb 
TOARO mBiewmeui> bsi Tpy^OBi bom. cez. xos., OTHOCirrejBHO abh- 
a&emfi patfo^iixi bi» caMi4)CByK) ryfiepmi) h conpoBOSAM>^<n[^ ^^ 
XBHsemfl HeBuroAi; ^16 lyn CBasaHO caxapcBoft ry6epmH — vh 
Toi HJiE Apyrofi creneHH othochtca h kl idshumtl. 

CuapaHCBaa seMCsas ynpaBa roBopim: «A6HseHie pa6ovro n 
canapcBifl cieiiH Enierh cjHinBOM'B (Soju>inoe sHa^eme a^ ^X^' 
Hflro spas. Oho saxBaiEiBaerB, sone^HO, ne oahhx cuspaHCBift yi^j^ 
HO qepes'B aron y^^A^^ no By8He]pu)](y h MOCBOBCBOMy cBOionpo- 
roHHOMy xpasTy, npoxoAflrb naccu napoAa hstb neHseHCBolt h ^acnx) 
capaTOBCBoS h CHMdepcBofi ryCepniit Kt^ cosaa^io, bca diii Macca 
jiOAeft, HnQTu^afl patforu, ne mosotb bi^ csoeirb ABHAeniH ynpas- 
jUTBCfl TO^HUMH CB^A^mjiMH o($i yposa^ sa BojnroK), a cj^aoba- 
leuHO H sanpoci Ha xpyAfB. OtfuBHOBeHHO, patfo^ee Haceieme no- 
jynaerB ABoasaro poAa hsb^^ctLi: ch oahoS CToponn K^krHse seiue- 
BJLafjbjbUfi naropnaro 6epera nocroanHO h, HecHorps hh na Ea&ifl 
o6cT02TeACTBa, ynopno pacnpocrpaHfliorL cjyxH, ^ro TpetfoBanie na 
TpyAi sa Boarofl ne BejiHBO, i^^hei hhbbh h yposafi Ayp^Bi; ci 
Apyroft CTopoHu, saBOJisiCBie noirinpiBHy bi HHrepecarB BOiopuxi 
noAAepasHBarb yBaiH^Hie npeAiosenia ipyAa, xaBse ynopHO nox- 
AepsHBatoTB qpesi cbohx^ nocjiaHHuxi HSB^cm bucobhxi i^ 
naxi na xpyA'B, norpedHocrn vb patfo^nx's. Hsi nepeABBnuo- 
Hpixcfl pado^HX'B 66jamasL ^aciB hphxoahtb kb BaBjno^eHiK), hto 
HeotfxoAHMO JH9H0 j&bKBTbcsi vb ToiTb, Basoe m-b npoTiBopiV' 
Buxi HBBiciift cnpaBeA^HBo. Bb 1868 roAy yposaft sa BoiroK) 
tffljTB OTiH^Hufi; pa6oqee HacejsLeme, y(}iAHBniHCB vb BiiroAHOcrH sa- 
BouLCBHXi pa6orB, CT&so ABHraxBca TyAa vb orpovHOicb BOJiH^eovb; 
HO vb 1869 — 1871 roAax'b npHmeAfflie sa Bojoy pa6o^e y(itJMa- 
iHCB, HTO n^shi na xpyA^ laifB CToarB aaso HHse, niwb n tIxs 
lAcnxb, OTByAa ohh buhuh. BuBan cjy^au xaBoro cMMueeu 
napoAa, hto, Hanpniiipib) fb CHspaHH ne ycn^Ban x^ul Hero nev 
xaMb. Bb 1872 roAy nepeABHseme pa6ourB oofiiB sHa^HieiBHO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SPEGTBAHGSIJ! nSPlCSIEHIfl. 195 

jveHBmHjocB. Bee bto paCoqee ;^BHKeHie b-b crenHEre Kpaa, tfes^b 
ooxH'J^Hifl, docmoHno coMaxo mu^fneAhuaio usyueuin; wbvh comh^hu!, 
TOD npH ero HacTOfln^eMi ueycmpoucmefb^ nocjrife^ee cocraBjaerB 
OXHO B3% rxoBHurB npenarcTBifi ;^th npaBH^BHoro xosflftcxBa*. HTaRx, 
KB jifbxb OTxoxHx^ npOMHCJOiTB KpecTBrae ^ttcTByiorB omynBio, 
layraA'B h ^acro necyrB orroro o^eHB HyBCTBHreJBHHa noiepH. 
noxo^HBfX'B se noiepflX'B npa ;(BH^eHiH vb josreus. ORpaHHu TaBJse 
lepfexKO Cjiy^aerciT ciBunarB. Oh^ hm^jih h^to He js,B.,rke kslkb 
K HHH^niHeM'B voAji MHorie B03Bpama.iHCB ;i;0M0ft, nHiaacB Xpncro- 
BOTB HveHeMi, npo'l^Aafl Jionia;i;elt, njaTBe n t. n. FaserLi n Te- 
jerpa^, OKasHBaa eseAneBQUfl ycjiyre BOMiiep^ecBOMy Mipy, hh* 
CKUBKO He cjyasarB Hys^aM^ Hamexi ncBaTejiefi seMjeA^jB^ecBHX'B 

ttpa60TB0B%. 

^TO sacaerca nonBrros'B bx nepecewieniaiTB, to ohh xoxa ne- 
p&xBH H BBipasaKTrB caMyK) Hacyu^eyio norpetfHOCTB, ho vb cbok> 
oiepexB OTJiH^aioTca cjiynaftHOCTBio n HeycxpoftCTBOirB, RieBymHira 
sa C060JO 6o.iBmiH, HHor^a neBOSHarpaAHMBia noxepn ji,jlsl BpecxBanB. 
He xa^Bine^ BaBi HHeinraEiM'B .i^toitb, bi oxhoS h31 npoBHHi](iajB- 
EBX'h raseTB pascBasaHB 6ujFb cjy^afi, hto vb o;!(Hofi m^cthocth 
HonaBCBoS ry6epHiH BpecTBAHe Ha^aaa c^EiBaxB CBoe nafya^ecTBO 
H, pyBOBOACTByacB HeacHUiin cayxaica, ABHHyjiHCB-6jBijio b'b lory 
Ha nepecejenie; ho, norepn^Bi ney^aqy, aojshbi ($ujih ocraxBca na 
npesKHHX'B Mierax'B, noneca 6ojiBmofi jnifip6i>. 

HexaBHaa Hcropia b^ ae6exHHCB0M^ yi^sx^, xapBBOBCBOfi ry6ep- 
hIh, coBepmeHHO OAHopo^Ha (tb npexuxyn^6H). Bb Bnxy o^^ai^iaaB- 
Bftro i^apsyjiapa, coo6ii^aBniaro bobmoshocth ]s;ia. n^Boropofi ^acTH 
specTBflHB HOJiy^nTB Vb xepcoHCBoft ryCepmH y^acxBH Ba3eHH0ft 
aeiuHi Macca Hacejema saancajiacB vb oxothkbh, pacnpo^aBaia Hny*- 
H^CTBO H He otfciMena^a nojeS. yxoBjerBopiiTB dry icaccy osasa- 
jocb HeB03M0SH0, H FopBBoe pasoHapoBaflie nocji^AOBa^io CBopo. 

TpH roAa TOMy nasaxi, mei BcrptTHan b'b raseTaxi j[H>6onHT- 
HEu CB^x^eia BpecTBaHCBnx'B nonuTBax'B B'B nepecejieniaMi^ Ha 
Ky<SaHB H FB ciaBponoJiBCByK) rytfepniH). B'B bohi^% mecxHAecaTEix'B 
roxoRB Macca specTBanB (npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO E2rb Majiopoccin) xbh- 
Hjaacb b^ By6aHCByK> o6jiacTB, vb HaxesA^ noay^HTB BaseHHiia 
seMJiH, HO SHaiHTejBHaa ^acTB hx'b b'b tom'b ne yciriaa; lor^a tjbi- 
Cfl^H specTBaHB noHUH CBHraTBca no craBponoaBCBOfi ry6. h By- 
<SftHCBoft o6iacTH, nepetfHBaacB Hso-xna B'B a^hb Boe-BaBHMH sapa- 
6nEBMB; Vb 1869 roxy ohh na^aaa ofipa^aiBca bi axMHHHCTpa^iH 
c& npocB6aMH npH^HCieHia bb t^itb cejieniairB, fb BOTopax'B 
ecTB cBo6oAHHa seiuH. CraBponoiBCBaa aAHHHHcrpaiiia ycnkia 
yerpovib yvacTB 2-— 3 Tiica^rB neaoB^BB, ho ocraaBHiia Bo^yion^ia 

18* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



196 Bftcnm ibpohh. 

ceMeficTBa ne itovm BOcnojosoBaTBCfl sHroxftMn cdohtb cotipaion, 
no Henojy^eHiH) ch M^cra yBOAHHTeji^Hux'b CBHxireiBcm, T.-e. 
6effh BCflRofi co6cTBeHHoft BBHH. MeAieHHafl KaHj^eimMSBu nepe- 
miCKa H nojiHHfi ^pMajbHOcreft h saTpyxHeeift nopjixosi nepenic- 
jiemSi nocniBKiH mhophx^ Hi^yn^Hxi xjri^^a nepecejeei^eBi m ne- 
^ajiBH^flmee noaozenie. 

r. ^aciaBcsifi vh cBoefi ctBJhi o&h otxoshxi npoiuiaiaxi i 
nepeceaeniflx^, noif^n^eHHoft fb nocji^xHeirB BunycR^ «G(5opfliu 
FocyxapcTB. 3HaHift», pascKasuBaerB, ^to bi sydaecsofi otfjacn 
6HBajiH Aftse cjyuH caMOBo^BHHX's nocejemft— TaiTB Bejiam nysxa 
Bi nepecejeHiaxi; q}e;i(H creneft BosHEBaerB nocejorb, ero ynm- 
Tosaii, a OHi noTOMB bhobb BoaHHicaerB. 3aTpyAHeHiji, o6cTaBJUD- 
n^fl npH^HCJieHie bb cojibcrhiib o6ii;ecTBa]n>9 x^jaiOTB to, tto Hcnie 
BeujiejsjbjihJSfii aojishh 6HBaiorB npHnHCUBaTBca b'b ropoAftMi h cu- 
laTBCfl, TasHicB o6pa80M'B, de jure roposaHaMH; bto x^uocb no- 
TOMy, ^0 Ha KyCaHH A^a npHnncsH k^b ropo^aMB He Tpe6oBaiocB 

npieMHUX'B npBFOBOpOBB OTB 06lIieCTBB. 

Bc£ Bin ^aBTU noxaBiiBaiOTB, ffl saBoro HanpaseHifl xoxoxhtb, 
HespHMiifi A^fl Hamefi craTHCTHBH, BonpocB o BpecTBflHCBBXB nepe- 
cejeHiflXB,.o 6oAie npaBEJiBHOMi h coo($pa8HOMB ch BBOHOime- 
CBHMH norpetfHOcrjiMH crpaHH pasMiii^eHiH ce^BCsaro Hacejeak. 
He HymHO vh BpecTBancREXB crpeiueHiflX'B HCBaiB HBBaaHX'B «iiox- 
CTpeBaTeJBCTBB». IIoACTpeRaTejeM'B lyiB eeiH BTO-HHtfy^B aBjaeics, 
TO pasB^ — ecreciBeHHufi xojb daoHOMH^ecBofi shshh. OcHOBHot 
MOTBBB lyTB— mejianie xjitfa h sapadoTBay npe cymeciBywmcft 
AOMa rtcHorb, T.-e. caMufl saBOHHufi kothbb. OrpeiftflCB hsb Menie 
BuroAHOfl vb dojiie BHroAnyio x^a ce6a CTpany, BpecTBane hobi- 
HyiOTca HecoHB^HHoiiy BBOHOMH^ecBOiiy saaoHy, Tony caMOny, bo- 
TopHfl sacraBjifleTB naccy JiK>M,ett ebb sanaAeoft EBponu dMHrpHpo- 

BaiB B^ AMepHBy, aOTOpufi pyBOBO^HTB H BamBXl H)SHUX'B BOIO- 

HHCTOBi BB HX'B ABns;eHiH sa oaeaHBy npn BOiopoMB, OAHaso, bo- 

JOBHCTLI OBBSHBaiOTCa HecpaBHeHHO Menie CBASaBHUMH, H^MB noji- 

TaBCBifi vysHBB, asejiaionufi HOce^BTBca tojbbo hb Ky6aHH. OrpeM- 
jenie HamnxB BpecTBBH^ Kb nepeceaemaMB onpaBAaerB BCflsafl 
nojraTH^ecBaa BBOHOHifl. 

Ho ecjiB BpecTBflBe 6ojiLniBHH MaccaMH yse yxo^flTB hb cxo- 
poHy sa sapatfoTBaMB, — MoryrB santTHTB nairB,— to bthitb yse yxoe- 
jeTBopaercfl hxb BBOHOHBHecBafl norpe^BOCTB. OxHaao TBBoe saiii- 
HBBie 6yAeTB cobc^mb HecnpaBeA^BBO. CeMBa, xopomo Haj^&ieHHat 
seicjieK) AOMB H HM^ioii^afl MHoro ^jeHOBB, Bone^HO, MoserB bh- 
CHJBTB JiBmHia pyBH HB cTopoHy A^fl ycBjenia yse Hirbfon^BXca 
y Hea cpeAcrrB. Ho ^ejoB^RB (JesseMejiBHiifl hjh o^ohb Majo hb- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



SPEGTBflflCKIil IDPSCEISHIX. 197 

xftjieHBttft HaxoxHTCfl ffB coBepmeHHO hhostb nojosemH. nepBOity, 

hocjA yxoxa na sapatforsH, ne m neny BOdBpaa^aibCfl, xaBi Kasi 

7 Hero Ha poxHH^ h&tb he xona, hh seMjn; eny jiyqme ocraxBCA 

niTb, rx& OHb nojy^aerB rjiaBHHfl cpe^CTBa srb asasHH, He xpaifl 

HH xenePB na npo^x^ no sej^oS Aopori, HEBpeiieHH, Boropoe 

Horao 6n Ccrrb ynoipetfjieHO Cb nojLSOH). HaA'^ienHuS hh^tos- 

mm RycBOiTB seifjH Tose Hecers nanpacHUfl norepH, lasi Rasi 

eiy jy^me npoiriHflTB njioxoe ycrpottcTBO AOMa ea Jiy^mee noio- 

xenie bi ^ysofi ciopoH^. BcaBitt ornpaBjflioii^iflcfl na BpaftHift 

«n HeMBHyeMO xpaTiirB na nyremecrBie ly^a n o6paTHo bjh 

XSBbn^ HJIH MHOFO BpeMeHH, HJIH TO H APyrOe BM^CtI. ECJin OHb 

npo^Aen HO sejitsHofi xoport lOJibBO 750 Bepcrb (nanp., ecjui 
<m% n]Ky%xeTb o^ey BypcBo-aBOBcsyio xopory, Hici^ioii^yH) npora- 
seme hb 764 Bepcru), to y^e HSAepsvrb MHHHMyifL 10 pyt^-iefi, 
wgoiA pacxoxa na npoBopM'B. Ty^a h o6paTHo— axo cocraBiirB 
eiMHiBOirB 20 py6jefl, a xasofi Bu^erb — h npHioirb coBepmeHHo 
HanpacHiift BH^erb, HHROMy ne HjQriqiS vh nojoay — paBHfleicfl 
^asn^ecBOMy yueHbineHiK) cropoHHHX'b sapatfoTBOBi, Boropoe oipa- 
xaercfl Me»Ay npo^HMi h noMep»BOH) hhbboA HjaxBi Aona. Ha- 
npscHHfl crpaHCTBOBaHifl na lorb wh vojm neyposaeBi aaifliorca 
XO((aB04HOio HoiepeiDy n npEToni nociOAHHoio, xas'b Basi ohh cjiy- 
HBKncBj no BpaflHefi irlpi, oahhi pasi bx xpH-^eTupe roxa, h 
npBTOsrb HeapeAOTBpaTHHBi. GBepx'b xoro, npn pa6oTax'b BxajiH orb 
ceMbH H co6cTBeHHaro xona Bcer^a flBjiaeTca aia pa5o^aro 6ojbine 
ycjOBil, (SaaronpiflTCTByDn^HXi jiHinHHirb Hsxepssairb h jsfij&e npo- 
HKBaeiio 8apa6oTaHHaro. Qrxoasie npoMHCJu — toabo najuiaiHBi; 
cam ho ce&b ohh ne noMoryrb xbjiy. 

PesDMiipyfl Bce csasaHHoe, uu HeH86&BHO npHXOAinrb wb sa- 
BjnwHix), HTO npejTB naMH — x^ficTBHxejbHo BpyuHEift BpecibflHCBift 
Boopoci: nqiex^ Haim nacca CesseMeibHiix'b hjh ho'ith HeHax^- 
leHHHxib RpecTbBHi, Hn^yn^HX'b BaBoro-HH($yAb ycrpoBciBa) nacca 
juiHiirb y cedfl xoMa, ho cnoco6Hiix% Kb npoHSBOAHieJibHOMy 
tpyjQT pys^ nepeff!b naMH tfucrpuB npHpocrb nacejieHifl, yBejinqn- 
BaM>BUt ^hcjIO Hysxawn^Hxcfl bx patfoit h seiui; npex^ Haiut 
icsyccTBeHHufi noKiewb peHm h saxepsBa pocia pa6o9eS njaiu, 
eseroAHHfl, ^acro tfesycniaiHiifl cBHtaHui specrbflH-b no npociop- 
asm ry<{epHiflirb, icaio o6pan^aK)n9fl na oe6fl BHEManifl — BOrb ^6 
yar&ja BupocTBTb wb nocji'&AHie vonu cejbCBafl asHSHb vb rycro- 
Bao&KHHiixi rytfepHiflX'b. IIoAO^Hoe nojosenie cosxaerb tfonniis 
tnffyKoemsL x^ oaibcsaro Hacejenk, yMenbrnaoTb ero cocrofliejib* 
BDCTb H HOxaTflyK) cuy. Bonpoci, o Boropoarb njifiTb pin, cb 
wuiffnub rofipwb npioCptiaerb 6<}jbmee SHaneHie. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 98 B^cmn ibfquu. 

OxHaso, npE Bcefi BaxHOcnr o^EflCHeHHiixi sarpyxHemJi oeiB- 
csaro HaceieHifl, ycrpaHeme mxh se npe^^craBuen cJoumKOWb Tpyx* 
Hoft sa^a^H. Gyu^ecTBjeTB BOSHOssHOcn paspiniHTb BonpocB npaBSjn- 
BUhBvwb cnocotfOKi. XoTfl Harni caibcsifi npojieiapiarB h sna^H- 
TeieHi, HO Ku laase 6oraTii h cpexcTBaicH Auero ycrpoicTBa. y 
HacB ecTB en^e Macca moAopoAHux'By npocropHiixi M^HOcrefl, ico* 
Topufl cocraRXflKyrB sasHoe npeuKyn^ecTBO namero rocyxapcrsa 
nepeAx rocyxapcTBaifH sanaAHOfi EBpomi. HaAotfso xOdiBRO, hto<S^ 
dTO npeBMyn^ecTBO He ocraBajiocB HanpacHum, qTo6u oho hinibo- 
CHJO BCH) Ty nojiBsy, KaRyio MOserB npiHOCHTB. ^iao uomerh 
yjaxBTBOi 6e3i bcakhx'b dMnrpaiUfl sa rpaHHiiy cBotfoxHHifB nepeiEik-* 
u^eHieMi HacejieHui esb ojiMixi* Haciefl rocyxapcTBa vb xpyna. 

He BAaaexi otb ynoMHHaBniHXCfl Biune rycroHacejieHHiirb ry- 
6epHiB HaxoAHTCfl pax^ rytfepmfi h otfjacrefi, OTJE^aioii^Exca eo- 

BepmeHHO npOTHBOnOJOSHilMH yCJIOBiflMB; BI STHXI MiCTH0CTflX% 

BCTpi^aercfl yse xpyroro po^a necopasM^pHOCTB Mesffy npexiose* 
HieiTB xpyxa h cnpocoM^ na nero, HueHHO — Es6moKh CBo6oAHiun^ 
seMejiB H Bpafieifi HexocraTOE^B b^ pa6o^EX^ jaoji;aTh. TasoBM: 
xepcoHCBaa, esaTepEHOCJiaBCsaE, TaBpH^ecsaa, craBponoiBCEaE ry- 
6epHiE9 XOHCEaa e ByCaHCBaa o6jacTH. 3f!bcb paxyiorca BCflBOft 
saxosefl patfo^fi CEJii e mhofo seiiejB ocraercfl 6earB o6pa6oTKH. 

npHBexeMl H^CKOJIBBO I^E^peHHUX'B XaHHUXl, OTHOCETeJBHO VOOSB 

idkTHOcrefi: 

B'b xepcoHCBOfi rytfepniE noifin^EUEX'B seifeJB 2.883,670 x^c., 
a BaseHHux'B Eyx^ttHiix'B 372,274 xec., Mesxy vkm kbjs,% spe- 

CTBEHCBHX'B peBESCEHX'B Xymi T0.3BKO 313,084 ^); CJlixOBaTejIBHO Ha 

Basxyio xyniy) spoifl o({pa(k)TBE EpecTBEHCsaro nax&iia, npEXOXHioa 
en^e o6pa6oTKa 10,4 xecaiEH'B qymoft seiUE. 

Bi eRaTepEHOcjaBCBoft — bpcctbah^ 403,200 jLjm'hj a aeiUH 
HOMin^E^Befi 2.543,358, BaseHHofi e yx&iBHOfi 86,400 A6C., T.-e. 
Ha xyniy npaxoxETca ^ysoS seiuiE 6,6 xec. 

Bb TaBpE^ecKofl— xynrB 178,551, seM-iE HacxHaro BjaA^Hk — 
2.894,632 xec., BaseHsofi e yx^BHofi 276,429 xecflTEB^ ciajio 
(5htb, na xymy 17,8 xec. 

CpaBHEBaa xpE xojn»Bo-^xo HasBannufl ry6epHiE ci pascMOxp^^ 
BuifE HaME npesxe, He^sfl ne saii^TEXB orpOMHOtt pasHEi^u eib 
pasM^pi^ cnpoca na xpyx^; he vb oxHOfi b3:b rbxh TjdepEaA, o 



I) BuBOAif Bi dToft I AByxi DociixyDiUHX'b rydepBuun voio xfm% ^Mei&affk, u 
iHUTtem nvh o6maro ybcjni peBBscBBZL xym ceucsaro Hacexeeu Koio^rofliiy nur^ 
■asb 8TH nocitxBie, BMia 6oumoe lOJraiecTBO seMiB, Be BBBBMBDrcB n pa6oTii, a^ 
■anpoTBBi, CBMB BaBBMaDTB npBiDiHzi pa6ovix'j>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



spsoTuracKiii niPfiOsiKHiii. 199 

nropun ma roBopHjH npes^e, na KpecrBflHCByio xyiny He npn- 

lOJtiTCfl 0($pa($OTEH 60jic 2,8 JlfiC^TEWb HJSOfi SeMJH (bX HHUXl 

101UBO 1,9 xec.); 3xicB se x^fl BpecTLflHCKaro Tpy^aBxpoe h B^er- 
Bepo 66jiBiiiiS npocTopr^ npHTOiTB se co<$CTBeHHHfi Ha^^'b Kpe- 
Cfuffb sxicb aHaqineJBHie, h^itb fb lycTonacejieHHiix^ ryCepHiaxx, 
imeiy npexJioaieHie Tpyj^ co cropoiiEi KpecTBflHi He ao laRot 
aenera eanpflsenHO. MicTHHfl patfonifl chjiu HeAOcraToiHii js,is. 
o6pa6onui Bcbrh jtp6Buvh seMejiB Tpexi HasaaHHHX'B ryCepHiff, 
loiopii MoryTB cx'&mTBCfl Bnojini npoHSBOAHiejiBHiiHH tojibko npH 
iqmA Haceienifl hbx lyxax^ lAcrh. 

fla Jl^ony, BpoM*!^ co6cTBeHH£ix'b Kasa^BHx^ seMejB, no noBasa- 
m r. %cjaBCBaro, ecTB 6oxbe noiiyTopa MHjjdona ffiOLmwh raicb- 
HiSBBaeiaro «BoicROBoro sanaca*, Boropufi c^aeTCji BpynnuMH 
jttcnaicH vb apeHAy (rBSMn^HBairB, laBse vysiji,MOjnjaica, kb pa6o- 
nn cuaxi. Bb By6aHCB0& otfjacre, no cjiOBaM'B r. ^acjaacBaro, 
^gA deaexh cranii^Hiixx h ^acrnaro Bjax^nia, TaBase ecTB snaHH- 
TeiBHiit BoScKOBoft 8ana(rB, a vb craBponojiBCBOfi rytfepHin, CBepxi 
ttaeHHUTB seuejiB, ecTB 895 tucai^ ^ecsTEWbj ocxaBmnxcfl nocjrb 
yioxa Harali^eBi. RasenHoft senjiH m> craBponojiBCBolt ry6epHiH 
(no oxHOMy AOBOJBHO o6eToaTejn>HOMy ne^aTHOMy HSB^criio), no&ii 
iiOBuoBaHifl vb mecTHxecflTuxx ro^axi ^acrmiM'B jHi^aM^B 300 
mem AecaTHH*B n or^ysxeHlfl m> yjsjkrb cjhoiboh'b era Tucfl^rB 
lec, ocuaiocB en^e 6ojLie 200 tucah'b fficamwh. B'b By6aHCB0ft 
odacn HacTHiiM'B jiHi^airB b^ mecmjificsTUTb ro^ax^B Hosajiosano 
IIbjo 800 TucflTB jificsrawh. Bdb bth aeioH, x.-e. BaBenHun boS- 
cimifl H ^acTHUii, H A^tse nacTB npenM^eaBao^BrB craHHi^aM'B ne 
)K»7TB odpafJOTHBaTBCff M^CTHBirB HacejienieiTB n npeACTaBJiflH)T*B 
orpoxHiifi cnpocB na npHoijiyK) patfo^yio cnjiy. B'B o6n;eft coBOByn- 
BocTE cBoefi am seiun Moryi-B a^tb sanflTie icEuiidoHairB patfo^xs 
Pjn. BoTB BBBOBO BBme 6oraTCTBO q^excTBaMH js^i ycrpoftCTBa 
ceiLCKaro npoieiapiaTa! UoatiAHift MoaerB c^^kiaTBCfl ^a nacB co- 
icivB He crpunHuiTB, h npeAcraauterB noaroiiy tojibbo BpeneH- 
BBi BarpyxHeHifl, xora, Bone^HO, oneHB ^BCTBHiejiBHUfl. 

IIoHaTflo, HTo Vb npocTopHKix'B iii&CTBOCTflx^ jsjbmi na TpyxB 
fum> Bmoe, itm bi rycronacejieHHiixi*; npBTOK^ se oh^ no^- 
Bepsenii ouBHuirb BOJetfanuiifB, ht6 cociaBjaerB oiohb lyBcraH- 
^CAHoe Beyxo6cTBo x^a MicrnHxi aeMjeBjaA&tBi^eBi, noiosHie^BHO^ 
^^WDompt Bexenie cejBCBaro xosattcTBa. Botb hIcbojbbo cb^a^- 
*S HO woMy npexnery. 

Ban h^ho h» Aoxiaxa Bomraccra an HSCdrtAOBaniH cejiB- 
^^ xottfciva, FB esarrepBHocjaBCBOt ry6epmH, bi j^xnee Bpeiu, 
>^ pa5oTHHKB naiyqaenb otb 75 Bon. fp 2 py6. fb a^hb. B&^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



200 Btcram nroiaL 

TABpi^ecBOi rytiepniE noxeHHafl naara HHorxa fpjofjm xo 3-n 
py6jei. 

Hsi nsHoft ^acTH xepcoHcsofi rytSepeiH He pas^ cooCn^uocs 
vh raseni, ^ro bo Bpeiu y6opRH xjttfa i^ea pa6oiaro xna xoxo- 
XBJia AO 2 py6jieft, a HHorxa noxHEicajacb h Bnme. Ha ^ohj i ha 
Ky6aHH js^BU xoxoxfln xo noxo6Haro se pasirlpa, h toibio bi 
HHHtmHem, coBepmeHHO HeyposaftHOirBy vojsj i^^aa niutan xo 
50 H 30 K. VB coBepmeHHOMy pasopemi) npHmjurB pa6o«n. 

XepcoHcsie seiueeiaxlibi^ii h ffime seMCTBo He pan nopi- 
najiH Bonpoci o neotfxoAHMOCTH CHa($jieHia KMSHaro span pa6oHna. 
npHBexeiTB oxHO iricTO hsi sanHCSH, Hane^aTaHHoi vb «XepcoH- 
CBOiTB 3eMCB0Mi C6opHHic6», HORasHBaR)!!^, FB Kasui saTpyAHe- 
Hia nocraBJifliDTCH nnorxa seiuieBJiaA'&iBipi HexocraTBOirL pa6o«TB: 

«Ha iiaBofi*HH6yxB c6opHHfi nyHsr& Bib Casapniit x^hb co6h- 
paeicfl 300—400 fjurh npHnunm patfoiEXi h craHOBflrca Ta6o- 

POITB. OhH BHaiOTB, HTO HITB He npHXeTCE JiOMPO SX&TB} B fl^ 

CTBHTejiBHO, cb yxpa CBitesaiOTCfl co bc^xi coc^xhhxi^ cejemt 
npHsasTOKH, ynpaBiaianiie h noiriDtHRH, npv^eirB ORasHBaeici, 

^TO BctlTB HITB Bl COBORyHHOCTH HyXHO BHflTepO HJO BmeCiepO 

6ojiBine patfo^HXi, ^wh na Jiiinp naxoxHTCH. Torxa Hacrynaen 
ysacHoe x^ia Bcnaro xoBflRna Bpeica, Rorxa RasxHft crapaeicsna- 
6htb tj^bJj HT0611 nepeMaHHTB pa6o^nm ri ce&bj xasB xan 
iH)HBCRoe cojHi^e He myrHTB h xHeirB nosaite nponaxaiyrB pinu 
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«vr6 6ei rto hh xuiy a njia^ 10-k> ROo^ttRaicH 6aiBme; pe(Sm, 
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pa(5oHHX^, TaROBU, ^to npH saTpaieHHOifB Bnepex^ aanHrax^ citBO* 
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seMCTBa, iioxB, 1873). 

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BtpHO. npH Hoxo^HOiTB HOiosemH, cpaBHHiexBHO He6oxBiiiai peffit 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPIGTBIfHCRII nBPldJBHIJI. 201 

ODO, icKyocTteHHsnrB ARWHieirB, RaBi h oco6eHHafl SHaqnaiB- 
am peHTH fb ryciOHacejieHHnrB Tj6epmsx%. Burom oxhhtb 
ieuaiiaji[fijLii(eBi pacryrb Ha c^er& Buvoxh xpjtvrh seiueBju^^^iB- 
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n(^im pa({o^HrB oixb ji^a. odpatforsH CBotfoxHim npocrpaHCTRB. 

%6 se M^maerb ecreciBeHHOMy buxojsj hsi noxotiHaro nojio- 
Mu; Tr6 M^maerB corjiacBiB BBiroxH MicTHOcreft, Aftse ne 
<nm yxajieHHiixB xpyr^ ori Wyi*&; ^^^ H^maeirB tiesseMeJiBHmrB 
pifciiirB jry^me ycrpoHTBca, foasHHirb 8eM.ieBjiaA%jiBt(airB nonpa- 
mcBoi /i^a, a hmkhihtb irikrHocrairB CAi^axBcs npoHSBoxHrejiB- 
ri^ Bi ^eifB cocTOflTB li HcsyccTBeHHiifl dSLj^epxEHj soTopsui oxpa- 
(Bom HHH&nHee nojoseme. 

dm saxepxRH — ABoasaro poxa: BO-nepBHxi, necorjiameHHOCTB 
(jwiKXBymBflXh npaBHjTB o nepecejemaxi Ob BpecTBffHCRHMH no- 
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mfOTby He coBcbm ^&iecoo6pa8Hoe pacnopaaseHie senjiflMH, Bas'b 
nMHinni, tskb h ^acTHincH. 

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npunuaiTB (Otfn^. IIoioaB. o Rpecr., crp. 130), A^a xoro, HTo6n 
vpeeenrBCfl bi Hosyio iricTHOCTB, ' otb RpeciBaHHHa Tpetfyerca: 
nofa RB yDOJiBHeHiD ero h8i» npeasHaro otfn^ecTBa ne 6um npe- 
uicmfl DO ornpaBjieHiK) pekpyTCBofi hobhhhocth; ito6u na ceiieft- 
cai yiojBHfleHaro He 6ajio HHRaaHx^ saseHHuxi, seMCBHX'B hjkh 
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^SeacDopHHxrb Hacrmix'B BSucsaHifi h o($fl8aTejrBCTB%, npex^aBjieHHinrB 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



202 nomn inpofiH. 

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npieMHaro npHroBopa otb Hosaro o6ii^ecTBa, lasB xasfB noiyieme 
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usiifl, cpeACTBa Koropoft chjibho oimpaioTCH na cocroflrejBHOCTE 
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<BM BBITOSBtfiBlii AOXOAA* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



204 NGTHm IBPOnH. 

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r^a OWHB BpyuHHMH KycxaMHy sa xajiyH) n^aiy h Ha 6oja>m 
cpoKBj jHinaionpe BasHy J^Mbe BosMoaBHOcm noibsoBaTBCs cosep^ 
inaH)ii^Hiccfl o6mfiUT> noBEimemeirb sieMejBHofi peHTu. Apenxiropfi 
^acTo KypBO luaTflTB, aa heme BOXflTca nexoHMBH, HHorxa se ohi 
npflMO flBjiaiOTCfl HapynnrrejiflMH BOHrpasroBi. HanpEM'i&irB, Bixep^ 
coHCRoft ly^epHiH, qacrB KaseHHux'B seuexb Bsaia Caia eBpeaxH 
Ha mecTBJFbne 1870—1876 ro^OKE, sa njiaiy 3 py6ja ci im- 
THHu. <?epe9B rox^ sa chbtb ohh OTKasajarHCB on apeBXB na 9n 
seMJiH, ocraBHBi vh nojiBsy BasHU Hesna^HTenHue saiorH, h na 
HOBHxi Topraxi ocraBHJiH hxi sa co6ok), tojibbo nofih ffjv^ia 
HMenaifH, sa noiOBHHHyio h Men'fee loro ts^ej*. (C6. Xepc Sex 
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8TH Tpe6yH)TL ynpaBJieHifl, croion^aro ne Maaurb xenerB. 

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n fiOBuiTB otfiAecTBaM'b 6e8i npiemnix'B npnroBopoBi; otfpadOBanie 
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^Aa BosBinneHByK) noAyniHyio noAaxb, ho npn cBoeirb 6aibmoicB 
^*W seMJieH) — OHH tforane bcbbhxi KpecTbflHi&. 

Cmo co(k)K> pasyM^ercfl, hto OAHoeropoHHie HHiepecH seiue- 
^^x^i^eBi rycTO nacejeHHuxi rydepnift, nojibsyioo^Hxcfl Hunim- 
^ HCKyccTBeHHHirb BOBBumemeicB peHTu h AemeBOio pa6o^eH) njia- 
^ He Moryn nepeB^rnHBaiB o6mfii coBoaynHOciH BHrepecoBi: Apy* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



206 BftGTHHK'b SBPOnU. 

vBX'b 9eujLeBi9^Aixhnewb^ naccti RpeciBflHib, npoHSBOxiiTeJBHOCTH crpaHt] 
a laRse HHiepecoFB 4>BCBajiBH£[X'B. Eoih, npe npe^nojiaseHHOM'B Hani 
ywkpennowh npHpocrt Hacejemfl, nocjAjJi,Ree Bh TpHAi^aiB-xBa m 
AOJisHO yBara^HBaiBCfl vb nojrropa pasa, to ^epesi Baso8-HH6yx 
ffic^TOKb ji^Tb HacTOflTeAH'i&Sniafl nys^^a fb nepecejieniH, fb opoMi 
paBCMOTp^HHOM'b HaMH noflc^ ryGepm&y yse BOCHercfl u/kiuii 
HHJjioHOFB EpecTBflHi. Cua Beii^efl cana nocraBHTB Tor^a Bonpoci 
vh cJHmROK'B pimHTejiBHOfl ^^pifi^, ues&jij rkwb ebsi> TenepLdron 

BOnpOCB MOSeTB paspfanHTBCfl 6e9h BCSHSSiTb XOSAfiCTBeHHUXl noTpflce 

mfl H AS'SEe tie?B CROJiBKO-nntfyxB cepBesHux'B ssupjjsflenii. Em 
&kasiBoe Bospocrame Bnaqeek o6cysA^Maro Bonpoca bb 6y;Qf 
H^eiTB jrf^me npe^BHA'^TB B6-BpeM2 h sapanie otbputb nunosi 
Bm']^cto sanpenrrejiBHoS CHCTeMu b% oTHOmemH ki nepeceaeHuiMi 
jBryqme BBecra j^pyryio: OTMiHHTB npesnifl 3aTpy;^HeHifl h ycrpoin 
laK-B, ^toCh otjhbx Haceaeeia h ycrpofflcTBO nepeceaeni^eKB cosep 

maJHCB no naCTflKX, Cl> HSBtCTHOK) npaBHJIBHOCTBH), HTO61I Jli^J 

BejiocB 6631 saHi^ejarflpcKoS TafiHBi, cb tok> rjfacHocTBK), BOTopafl scei^ 
jiy^me 6yjifin> IIpe;^y^peaAaTB BjdjiHie tbmhhx'b cjyxoBi, tfesnoaea 
Hiiii cKHiaHifl H noEUTKH JSTb nepeABHsemflifB, ^aeMBUi Ha-o<$yKi 
EcjiH lenepB yae ^acni cjiy^ae sanpoAaan ipy^a Bnepe^B, to bm 
pexu OHH MoryTB yMHOsaTBCfl h caicH no ce6^ cx^axBoi HOButf 
daTpyAHeHieMi» npn nepeceieniflX'B. 

Bi nacToaiuee Bpeiifl yxo^HO 6uao 6bi pyBOBOxHTB x^omi nep4 
cejienifl, onpeA^viaa <iHCiio h padifi^pi yqacTBOBnb, nof^esRSLinvrb oi 
BOxy noAi noceienuiy h pacnpe^^Jiflfl uesRjsy rycronaceJieHHiiMH vj 
tfepniflMH TOCJO JiioAefl, Mory^nx'B eaeroAHO nojynaTB noBoe no3^ 
KejiBHoe ycrpoficTBo. IIpH aioiTB pasyifi^eTCfl Heo6xo;i(Hiio laiuEe, ^ 
6u flfbjio He 6ujo npeAOcraBjieHO rjaBHuiTB o6pa30Mi BjiiflmH) itbcrssi 
^HHOBHHBOBx, He6pesH0CTB EOTopHxi HHOFxa sacTaBjfleTB nep< 
cejieuBfiub xepn^TB nanpacnufl jHrnenifl h noiy^aTB ne coBckii 
yxo^HBifl seMJH, npn no^not bobmoshocth aroro m&brEyn>. Cc 
SHanie BasHOCTH ffbM nepecejiemff, paBysrierca, npe^no^saraerB unci 
Heo6xoxHMOCTH 6oji%e shbofo sonrpojifl naff^ xoaoitb }sjka^y 7^ 
cm Vh fjbjA 6ojrbe shbux'b sjLeueEwvb h BosMosHofi rjacHOcm 
ht5 Bce HexaBHO hic&jio ificro bi OTHomeniH Kb BpecTBflHCKOi^ 
j^Aj. fl^ijLy nepecejenifi mofje 6u nocotfirrB, spojcj^ npaBHrej^ 
CTBenHBix'B dpranoBTBy h npeACiaBHraiH seiiCTBa, xopomo anaBOiui 

CB M^^CTHOCTBH), 6)1 CpeXCTBaME H BJSiJifiME. 

Bi HacTOflo^eM!B A'kii^ HyBCTByetcfl h sa CTaTHCTHXOH) HexouxRi 
KOTOpyio cjbAOBaio 6u eS naqaiB nonojnaTB. Ilopa o6cTOflTeibHi 
BanaTBCfl cotfHpameicB ftaHHuxi& o rix'h sebbitb ABJEeniflXB cejl 

CBOft SH8HH| BOTOpHXS FOBOpETCfl VB HaCTOfln^efi CTaTB^. Hoffii 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPECTBflHCKIfl HEPECEJIEHIfl. 207 

nui xaHHKfl noMorjH 6u pasptmeHiio sonpoca o nepecejemflx'by 
les^ TkM3> KBjffh Tenepb orcyrcTBie nxx M'^maerb A&se no^iHOMy 
BsuicHeHiio 9Toro Bonpoca. Hscjil^AOBaTejflM^ cejBCBaro 6HTa, pa^a- 
OKmiiDrb no cotfciBeHHoft IIHHI^aTHBi HJiH nocujiaeMUM'B OTb yqe- 
woTb o6ii^ecrB'B, mosho nocoB^TOBaTB no^an^e nociniaTb EpecTBiiH- 

CKUI BOaOCTH, BS'B ^^lOnpOHSBOACTBa ROTOpHX'B M02RH0 HSBJieSHTB 

j^bsaasi h BnojiH*! aoctob'^phha ;^aHHHfl: o ctohmocth seiiejB, o 
B^Hax^ ^JAft) micji 6e88eMejibHHX'B, o6i> ocHOBaHiflxi* CKbjiORi> 
npiHafiMaxx vb pa6oTH, o ^Ec^i pa(5oTHHROB'B, yxoAfln^HX'B wb ^ysia 
TjiepmE, pasM^p^ nojiynaeMaro drnMn jioabmh B03HarpaaiA6Hia 
I r. noA- ^o;^o6HIIa ^anHHa 6y;^yrB HaAeaiHie mhophx-b ^acTHiix'B 
insasaHifi, xasB BaRX ohh 6y?yTh no^epnaiBca npaiio hstb HCioq- 

flna, H^H — HHaie CRasaxB— 6yAyrB bsath npaiio ns^ tkesbvl. 
SaRiiDiHM'B BMX.ecji'k^yjoinEyLE cjOBaMH: jiibjio CBo6oAHaro nepe- 

jpuceHifl HacaieHiH — BonpocrB BasHiitt, cosptBrniS, HeoxjiosHHft, 

/^ KHornx'B — Bonpoc^ nacynvBaro xji46a, a wa crpaHH — BonpocB 

asoHOiiHiecRaro npeycirlflHifi. 

9. BoponoHOB'B. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31. rEflHE 



I. 

HA POAHH^ 

1. 

Ha KBLjn>uem> ropHSOHri, 

EaB'b npBspavB poKOBOll, 

BcTaerB sHaBOMufi ropoxBy 
OsyraErB ciisofi nrjofi. 

KojiumeTB B^xepx BJiasHBft 

PaBHHHy liyTHUX'B BOKb\ 
ne^aJIBEHlTB, llipHUlTL BSMaXOlTB 

Moft JOAO^HHB'B rpe6erL. 

n cojHi](e, Ha npon^aHLe, 

EpocaerB chod'b jy^efi 
Ha iritero, Tfjb pascrajicfl 

SI Cb MHJIOH) CBOefi. 



2. 



npHB^TB Te6£, rpoiiaAHull ropoA'B! 

Rb CTiHaXl TaHHCTBeHHUX'B CBOHXB^ 

CxpuBajTB Til H'^^BOFAa noxpjry 

Becejinx'B, iohuxx fifleU uoex%. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



wk ntn. 209 



CiasBie daniHii h sopora: 
Txb nuBfb njiaa moa? 

nopyBOH) MH^ BU CJySHJH: 

Ee vbfif> Baiix aob^phxb a. 

HeBHHHH tfamHH: bskb iiorjH ($h 
, Offi BCJi'iji'b MHJioft no<$^&saTB... 

EaprOHKH MHJIOll, HeMOAftHH 

n MHjyH) HOK) HarHaTb. 

Ho 8TH rjiynufl Bopora, 

Ohh noxosH Ha jnoAeft, 

H yCTOflTB Upe^ MHJOft ^Q^poft 

Otb hhxl h TpetfoBaTB He isniA. 



3. 



Grapofi Aoparoft, H86HTofi xponoft 
Bpexy fl BjiftMh yjHi^'B yHiuo... 

Bon H xomea'B xo sHJBn^a a loft, 

?t6 e^acibe fb Giuoirb mh'& (^jraia. 

J^oifB onycT^'b H 9s6pomewb crovrb, 
n Bce neHfl My^HTi sjs^b (Sojibho... 

KaneHB AopoFH necHocHo bsCetl... 
fl marb ycRopaio neBOjBHO. 



4. 

SamejTb a noraflx^TB na crtmi) 

CBHA^^rejieft ea hsm^hu... 
Fxi KanjH cjiesi est jihjihcb, 

TaiTB SM^H HilHi paSBMECB. 



5. 

3a]iep2H yJHI^I, ropox'B BecB cnHTB, 

IIojiHoiB rjiyxaa nan^ nipoirB i^apHTB... 

BHsy fl AOMi, Tjiib Korxa-TO sHJia 

Ta, ^6 MH'i pa^ocTBH) asHSHH 6iua. 

T<»a L— ^HBin, 1876. 14 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



210 Bftcmn Bipons. 

RiTb ea Zfjbch. Ho crton, Ban cto&ii 
Jifim. Ilepe;^ xoMom yrpH>m, OAi^an, 

npHSpaiTB BaBOfi-TO, KB seciOBofi 6(^B0ft 

PyBH jOMaerB h tfpoxHTb rb tocb^. 

WbcsnjBi CB^TOiTB sajnrrE ero xBVh 

Easercfl cyicpaqeErB, 6xbffiB% h xhvb.^ 

OrpamHO mh^, crpaniHO mi^TB Ha Hero: 
Bb neiTB ysnaK) a ce($a caMoro. 

IIpHspavB ne^ajiBHHff, iioft crpannoift xboAhhsb! 

KaBi Tii xk)Gbe noeft lattHy npoHHRB — 
TaftHy, noxpyry 6e8C0HHHrB no^eS? 

^TO se TenepB th rxf icHiiiBai naxB Hefi! 



6. 



EaBB noxemB cnoBoftno th cnaTB? 

?To MMWh a-^xoisHa se th sHaxB! 
n ecJH vh fjuA n oeft rntoB npofiyxH^ci, 

Oea CBoeff fpjA exBan noBopicrca! 

Th irbcHH crapinraofi pascBan 
Giuxaia, boho^ho^ He pan? 

JSaKB Heprraft senHTB, nojyflo^nofi nopoio, 
Bb Horfljiy Hesiciy yBjiesB sa cotfoio. 

noBipB me MajDOTBa-Bpaca, 

IIopyBofi usfb KB ToiTB He6eca: 

S. SHBo^y H Biax^H) a 65xBnieK> CHJiofi, 
mwh Bcft otfiraieja leiiHOft uovemo* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3*L rEfiHC. 211 

IL 

JI P E J E ^. 
Bauaxa. 



He SHAH) fl, npaaoy ht6 craiocB co hhoh)? 

ToMin noH) ;iymy neiau. 
A crapaa csasKa TpeBOSHoll ne^xoio 

yHOCHTB FB 8a6uTyH> ffiXb. 

npoxjnu(& H cyMparB. H PeftflTB Ben^aBiift 

EaiiTCfl Ha AajuBill npocropi; 
SaKam jiyqaMH, Raxi pHSott RpoBasofi, 

BepmHHH ox&iHCfl ropi. 

RpacaBHi^t-AiiBa cwffrrh Ha yreci. 

Ha Heft osepene ropHn, 
H ^emen ona BOionicTiifl koch, 

Bb pyxarB es rpe6eHB tfjiecTHrB. 

H KOCH OHa soiothctiui HemerB, 

H >iyAuyK) H'&CHH) noerB. 
Hanaro TOTB BJiacTHTe^eHi: ]sjmj ohb B^wvhy 

H CBop(fiio cepAi^e rHorerB. 

3acjrainHrB njiosei^ siy hIchk), h srynefi 

Oxfia^eH'B OH!B cpasy mcxolky 
He xyMaen tfoume o 6esKEA autfynefi, 

A GMOTpHTB Ha 6eperB xpyrofi. 

OfftercH MH^: fiesxHa yM^Hn, ne auu&i, 

EiOBi^a CB ero yrjioft Jiaj^i... 
He XApoiTBy He ffipoiTB noerB Jlopejiea: 

FpoBHTB eiiy n^Hfl &bffl1k. 

— ATI- 



u* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HEPBAa HMHEPm 



HARAH7H1& 



n A ji; E H I a 

1810-1812 rr. 



P. Lanfrey, Histoire de Napoleon I. Tome dnquifeme. Paris, 1876. 



IlepBue TOMH «HcTopiH HanojieoHa I-ro» JlaH^pS noaraiHCb 
KB CB^TB Jiivb ceicB HJiH BoceMb TOMy Hasa^'B, BOFAa HanojeoHOB- 
CKift pesHiTB 6ujrh emfi bi nojraoM'B i^B^xy, BorAa hhkto He osh- 
KBLjTb CRoparo ero najtema, ho oiinosHi^ifl npoTHBib nero craHOBH- 
jacB (TB KasAiiM'B ]f,EeMi> Bce CHJBH^e H cnjBH']^. Bpara BxopoS 
HMnepin^ BesA^ co^apafl opysie jim 6opB6ii ex ne¥>j crapajniCB, 
HesAj npo^HiTB, nopasBTB ee HHeHHO rb ToifB, ^eiiy OHa bi sna- 
^miejiBHOft creneHH 6ujiR o^flsana cboritb ycn'lxoM'B — bi otfaflHUi 
n cjiaB^ ocHOBaiena HanojieonoBcsoft AHHaeriii. Bx anoxy pecraB- 
pai^iH E iiojiBCBoft HOBapxin, HCTopia h noadfl— se npeABHAfly xo- 
He^Ho, BckTb noci^ACTBifi OBoero A^^a— cosAajH HancureoHOBCsyio 
jereH^y; TenepB owk se npHHAJiHCB sa paspymeHie ea. IIonHTBH 
Bx BTOM'B HaupaaieHiz 6uzii ffljaeitu h paHBme; ho OH'i npoxo- 
AHJH no^TH 6e3CjAjiMOy nosa Bpas^a bo BTopoft HMnepis He crajia 
HCTO^HHBOifB perpocneBTHBHoS HeHaBHCTH npoTHBB nepBaro Hicne- 
paxopa. nicHH EepaHse, HcropHqecRift xpy^'B hjh, jy^me csasaTB, 
HCTopH^ecBafl nodMa TBepa jifljivo ocTaBajncB Cesi xocraTO^HO chjb- 
naro npoxHBOB^^; tojibbo Rhh6, niappd, EapHi, SpBuaHHi-IHaT- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mpBJLi hmukpiji. 21$ 



piaffB nojosKiH npoTHoe nanaio pasB^H^aniH) napoAHaro KyuHpa. 
Tj xe Ti!bih npecjixosajTB h Jlae^pe, npncrynas sib cocraejieHiio 
«HcTopui HaaojeoHa I-ro». IIpH Hano.ieoHi III owh ycntji's 
wgfijKh ^enipe TOMa SToro cowHeHia h AOBecrn ero jsfl 1809 roAa* 
IIpyccBO-^paHiQracBafl Boftea, saT^itB AHnjiOMaTHqecRaa A^axejiBHOCTb 
OTBjieBjiH Ha BpeMfl JlaH^pe otb npeAnpHHAxoft mwb pa6oTu; ho 
naxenie Tsepa BosBpaTiuo ero Kh Heft, sacTaBHBi ero OTRasaTbCA 
m> BBamfl nocjaHHHBa npn niBefii^apcBOMi coiodii. Xots Hiinepifl 
6o2le He cyn^ecTByeTBy coTOHenie JlaH^pe nufkerbj Basi h npes^e^ 
Be OAHO TOJibBO HHCTO-HCTopEqecRoe, HO H HOJiBTHqecKoe SHa^eme. 
BoHanapTHsirB en^e cjvmBOM'b CHjeH%, HTo6ii 6opb(5a npoiEBx Hero 
jfoua ocm&bTb HZH npeRpaTHTBCfl; sna^eHie ero Bce emfi ochobh- 
tteicfl orqacTH na npeAaHuixi nepBOft HMnepiH. BoscranoBBB^ vh 
ero HECTOfln^eirL bha^ o6padi HanoiieoHa I, pasciaB^ otfaasa, 

Sa KOTOpUMH OBTB TaSX fflJVO CSpUBaiCfl, 4^paHIQr8CBafl HCTOpHie- 

oaa Haysa cA^^^iaerB Bce saBHcan^ee on neff, ito6u npeAynpeAHTs 
rperbK) no&bxy (5oHanapTH8Ma. 
' OniH6o^HO 6u20 6u^ Bnpo^eurB, npeAiiojiaraTB, ^to co^HHenie 

JhH^pe — He HTO HHOe, BaSl* 06BHHHTenHHft aRTB npOTHBl naMflTE 

HanojeoHa I, hjih nojieiui^ecRift otb^pb ero naHerapHCTaiTB. 
IIpaBAa, Jlan^pe nocTOSHHO Ay^aerB o tom^, aaRx 6ii HSBjen 
wsh npomeAinaro ypoR^ aja Hacroflo^iro h a^a 6yAynvtro; ohi hoa* 
wpsHBaerb, ecjH mosho TaRL BupasHTBCJi, hdb oniH6BH, b(A tfesyii* 
cna, Bct npecryn^eHlji Hanojeona I, ocraHaBjBBaercfl no ni- 
dOjBsy paarB na RasAOirB BpeAHOMi> nocjtACTBiH ero CHcreiiHy 
irtoieTB HflOFAa pojib HcropHRa na pojib ny6jiHipcTa, ycHjeHHO 
crapaercfl AORasaTb cboid ocHOBnyio iiEicjib, to^ho 6oflCb, tfo ona 
ycioA3BeTb oTb BEHMEHifl iHTaTOJiefl. Ho 8T0 He Mimaerb eiiy 
8t6onrrKfl o nojHori h totoocth pascRasa, He ximaerb eicy A^se 
equtBarb cnpaBeAaHBOCib BoeHHOMy renifo, aAMBHBCTpaTHBHUBrb la* 
jaHTam Hano^eona I. Otl noARp^n^erb cboh cysAema, rxb 
910 TOJbRO B03MoacHOy ccujROK) Ha co6ciBeHHUfl cjiOBa HaaoJieona. 
Bb oTOirb OTHomeHiH ^pesBuqaftHO BasHuirb noeo5ieirb a^e hcto- 
pBBJt GjysHTb Roppec^oHAeH^ifl Hanojeona I, HSAaHHaa bo Bpena: 
Biopoi EMoepiE oco6oiO ROMMECcieH), A'i^ftcTBOBaBineK) no nopy- 
«Hix> E nOA^ HaABopoiTb canoFO HMnepaiopa. He ipyA&o Aora* 

APKIME, HTO BBffimiOj ECOOJEeSHOMy npE TaEHXl y&IOBiflrb, HOAO- 

cnen hojeoth e RpiTEqecRaro, A^se npocro AotfpocoB^cinaro or- 
BomeHiE wh npeAvery: MHoria nncbica Hanojeona I, yse cjiEm* 
Kaa oTspoBeHHua, BOBce He brjeotohei vh o4^H^i&IbHoe EBAftHie, 
n cocmBi ROToparo bouijie 3a to nECbiia asHo noAJOSHHEi co* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



214 BMTim IBPOIDI. 

HiHeHHHfl saxHHirB uexoirb, cb onpex^enHoiD i^xbb) ^). IIo oodr 
CTBeHHHiTB cjOBaiTL BOMMHCcui, OHa neiETajia Tonso rt mcuiay 
ROTopBifl He saTpyxHHJCfl 6ii npejiaTB rjacHOcni cam Hanaieora L 
HecMorpfl Ha laRoe CBoeotfpasHoe noHEManie CBoefi saflaiHy ion- 

MHCCUI BHBeJia Ha cAn MHOSeCTBO XP^rOI^HHIIXB X&HHHTB, 10- 

TopmcH Ha KasAOifB mary nojiBsyerai Jlaa^pe, sane^HO He m 
HpociaBieHifl hm nepatopa. Bi yn^HbH ucjukmsnh h cspHBaxB Hcmy, 
orpeBaTBCfl otb co6cTBeHHHxi cBOHX'b npHBasaHifl, BSBajoBia <n^ 
BtiCTBeHHocTb Ha xpyrHx^E, tfuBniHXi TOJiBBO HcnojraHTejuDCH m 
BOjra, HanojeoH^ I HM^erB neMHonirB conepHHRORB; eny yxaBa- 
jocB BecBiia nacTO bboxhtb bx o6MaHi ne tojbro coBpeifeHHiBcm, 

HO H nOTOMCTBO. Ho, HOXOtfHO $HJHnny IT, OBTB ClHnmOlTB JOO- 

<$HjrB nHcaTb — ^h o(h> btotb noxBO^HBifi KaiieHB pastfEBaerca lenepB 
Ha.TO-no-Majiy ero caaBa. Ero BoppecnoHAeHi](ifl flBjaeicfl CBixire- 
jeiTB npoTHFB Hero, sanoBAumrB, ho Tbui> 6ojrbe onaorairBy ^to 
npHcrpacriH hjih neroHHOCTH ea noKasamfl ne nosen timB i 
pi^HH. RaRyio i^'iny MoryrB HiiiTBy nanpHirbpi, HeoAHOBpaiHrn 
yB^penifl HanojieoHa, ^to nana tfnji'B apecTOBani 6e9h ero A- 
xoiia H paspbrnenifl, bi bhjqt nHCBua ero Kb Miopurj^ otb 19-ro 
iiOHfl 1809 r., FB KOTopoiTB OBTB HpHRaBHBaeTB apecTOBaTi nany? 
IIpaBAa, npHsasame 9to aaho ycjOBHO, ho ycjosie, otb BOiopiro 
fpjuKBO 6ujiO saBHcliB ero HcnojiHeHiey naciynHJO — h Mioxnqr, 
ROManxoBaBmeiiy ^^pam^yacKHMH BolIcRan kb Phm^, ne ociaBaiocB 
HHHero Apyi'oro, aaicB noBHHOBaTBCfl. Meaxia npHrtcHeHur, boio- 
pinrB noABeprajcfl nana bo Bpeiia 3aT0<reHi2 vh GaBOH^i npuni- 
cuBajHCB o6uRHOBeHHO areHTaiTB Hanoaeona; nepenncBa ero ffiUr 
SHBaerB, vro ohh 6iuh jh^hbiitb ero ^^joitb. BocnoMSHame o 
HHxx ne noiiima^o OAHaRO Hanojieony ropBRO sajioBaTBoi na ro- 
pasAO iieHBHiifl crikneniii, Roropufl onx BcniiTEiBajrB na ocrpoBi cb. 
EaeHH. 28-ro Maa 1809 vofMj nocjaft BUTicnema aBcrpifli^eBi isb 
Hiajui, HanojieoHi^ bi o^HipaxBHOirB 6iojjeTeHi, pacro^aerB ca- 

XHH HBUnHBIfl HOXBaiH B^pHOCTfl H npeAaHHOCTH HTaJBflHI^Bi; «Ha- 

poAH HiajriHy — roBopFTB OHi,— xep&aiH ce6a (eo Bpeiia Hame- 
ciBia aBcrpiftiteBi) laRi, aaRB hofjih 6u xepsaTB ce6fl HapoxH Sn* 
Baca, HopManxiH hjh Jl^o^Hne. Bo Bpena oicrynjieHia nanum coi- 
xaTB, OHH nanyTCTBOBajH htb co^yBCTBieirB h cxesaioi! npoRMM- 
ipH opi^repi^ora loaHHa BnymnjiH hm^b tojbro npeapinie. Hsi oen 
xHJiJiioHOBi HTajiBaHiteBi TOJBRO Tpoe H6 ycitMijra npoTHFB nenpii- 
T^ncRHrB HCRymeHift*. A nea^y Tbm>j e^ momz otoe eoMui denk 
HanoMOHB nnmerB BHi^e-RopojiK) BTajBflHCROMy, EBreHuo Borapee^ 



>) dbD6oiiiiTHHft npuiipi Taioft noxA^'n cm* 7 lai4»pe, ea cip. 271 — ^278. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



niPBii nnipifl. 215 

Kn^BA^nvukHoe imcBxo (u^i^yiaqaro cox^psam: «ecjH fb Ila- 
fji 6GTb GeicefiCTBO, ^PHO xepsaBinee ce(Mi (qni se soit mal com- 
pcnrtte), — T.-e. cuoHEBmeeca na cxx)poHy ascipifli^eBi, — a xo^ 
umpe^mb ew noxoAceno (la d^truire de fond encomble), bsjhh 
ua on^a, 6paTbeB]b, ABOiopojCHsxi 6paTBeBi, Tro6H oho cjyauao 
i^oiiipoirE Kb a^Tonncaxx Ila^yH. HcnoxHafiTe cb 66jBmeH), h^icb 
VK'Xiit-.iHtfo, CTpon)CTbH) xeRpeTB o6i HiaAflHi^axx, fiSflBimixca sa 
0|fsie npoiHBi BacB>. Henpo^na se tftijia naxesxa HicnepaTopa 
aa BftpHOCTb napodoez HmoAiUj bcjol j^jlz noxxepsania aroro ^^b- 
cm owh c^Hran HysHUMX upm&bvEyTh vh norojiOBHOMy BBtfiemx) 
dgpno depotcaemucc^ ceCs uTtuhSiBUfiVb. 

XojiOXHaa, o6xyMaHHafl secroROCTB, KoropoH) nismevb tojibso- 
no npHBex^HHoe hhcbmo ki> npHHi^r EBremH), cocTaBjaen Boo6ii^e 
ouM^BTeuHyK) TOpxy xapaxrepa HanoieoHa I. SHaifeHHTHft bosxb 
lapoxhueffh BO BpeMa BottHu 1809 roxy, AHxpeft Po^pi, BHy- 
muh jBas^e xaace CBomrB npoTHBHERaMi; exHHCTBeHHOft bh- 
Hoi ero 6hji n^iaiieHHiifi naxpioTHSM'B, HanpaBJieHHutt nparoirB He 
exojLKO npoTHBi ^anipHy CROJbBO npoTHBi EaBapie, Koropoft Ha- 
noieoHi I xoT^'b, bo ito 6u to hh crajio, hox^hhhtb TnpojEB. 
Sorxa Fo^pL, ya;e nocai^ osoH^aHia Boftnn, 6ujn> cxBaHeorB h { 
npHBBseffB RB HTajriK), BHi^e-Eopojib, sejuta cnaciH ero shshb, ne 
ompaBHjrB ero vb UapHsi, sonpeRH boi% ^M^epaTopl^ ho Raa'b 
mi&BO HanojeoflTB yaeaai o6t> aroirb, ohb HanncaxB EBremio 
mcuw, He Bomexmee bi> cocraBi o4)$Eipa«iBHaro Hsxama ero Rop- 
f&cnoBjsfiBnfSLy — d 4K>pMajBHmrB npHRasoirB cosBaxB Boenniifi cyx^B 
H Kb xaaxi^aTB Henipe uca ocydumb u pa$cmpihMmh Po^pa 0* 
npsroBopB cyfjA 6£u:b, laBmrB otfpasoicB, HamtcaHB aaKB-tfu nox^ 
xnocoBRy HMoepaTopa, fb rjiasaxi* aoroparo cyxBH HHRorxa ho 

(WIH ^iWh-lBdO HHUM^B, RaRfB CJ^miMH HCnOJHHTeJiaMH ero BOJH. 

1m6u coxpaHHTB HenpHROCHOBeHHofi cjULBy ^paHiQrscRaro opyada^ ^ 
HanojeoHi BHCxaa^jx BcaayH) ero Heyxa^y pesyjiBTaxoicB hsm^^bh 

MJH TpyCOCTH OTX&IBHarO aHI^a, ROTOpOe H XOJURHO 6ujo necTH— 

Boe paBHO, sacjyaReHHO h jh HesacjyAeHHO — bck) laseciB otb^t- 
cn^iHociH aa onra^RH h caatfua cropomi HKnepaxopcRoll CHcreMH. 
Ib>ciyiiiHii]Cb opyxieifB HMnepaiopa h bi 8thxx cjiyuaxB oiy- 
MMXh BoeHHiift cyx'B. B-h anpiji 1809 r. ^paHi^scRaa Bcaaxpa, 
(SiiosHpyeifaa aHrja^anaini vh Pom^pcROirB nopxi, noxBepraerca 



1) Sivtaurejuo, mo iipim» pascipijuiTb Poi^pa 6axh wfb ll*ro ^vptMt 
VSIO r^ a sa ^erape xu nepex^ rtMi, 7-ro (|>eBpajii, 6urb noxracasb CBaxe^HBa 
Boarpasn Haaojeoaa h MapiH-JIyisii, xoiepx toto Monapxa, sa soroparo cpaxaxca 
To^epil 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



216 Bwtim.'h KBPonn. 

HanaxeHUO, Boropoe, BCjri^CTBie HepacnopaxfiTenHocis ^^pM^ysaearD 
axMHpaia h kb ocotfeHHOCTs Bci^ACTBie HeyxanHaro BHrfSopa — ^bhc- 
meH) BjiacTBK) — M^kra ^sl pacnojomeHifl ocRaxpH, nyrb-^iuo He 
6BaH^HBaerefl coBepmeHHUM's ea HcrpetfiemeirB. HanojieoErB^ bmiIcio 
Toro, Tro6a HSCi^xoBaTL o6mJisi npHqHHs BaTacrpo^ii, npflRav- 
Baers cjxhtb cb BejiH^atmeK) crporocTBH) o^Horo m^ BamnaHon, 
BHHOBHaro TOJBBO KB HeHcnojHeHiH 6yBB£i saBOHa — H TOBapnqi 
noxcyxpMaro, Bnojni cosHaBaa ero HeBHHHOCTB, CBpina cepxqe 
npHTOBapHBaiorB ero jsfh cMepxH. Ep&nocTB 4^jnicciiHreH^ cweici 
aHTjmqaHairB, bo Bpena BajaepHcsofi 9BC^exH^iH, nocsb Tp^uses- 
HoK CHJBHMmefl ^OMtfapxnpoBBH, cx^aBmeK A&J^BH^ttmee conpo- 
TEBJieme HeBOdMOSHiiirB; ho TaK% Barb HanojieoHTB, vb Bicxosh- 
VBTh 6ioj[JLeteEsx'b^ nasHBaix ^jmccimvewh HenpHdynHmrBy lo, 
He osBAaa hoxpo^hbix'b AOHecenifi, He cotfopaa HHRasHxib csixl- 
Hift, OHB He sa^tyMUBaerca npHnecaTb cxa^y BptnocTH E^wbvA es 
BOMeHAanra, renepaja Mohho — bIi^b Hnaqe eiiy npvnuocB 6u cnh 
snaxBca vb oumCiAl — h npHBasuBaerB neqaxaTB vh raaemrB crmu, 
HanHcaHHiia vb btoitb cacHCJii. Caiio co6ok) pasyM^erca, mo aocii 
TaBoro npexp6nieHia Bonpoca BoeHHony cyxy He ocraBa^ocb issr 
Hero xpyroro, BaBi npoHSHecxH na^^ Monne cicepTHiiff npHTOBopB, 
orB HcnoiHeHia Boroparo okb cnacca tojbbo 6trCTB0M%. 

dnoxa^ BOTopoft nocBan^eH'B naiBcS toitb co^HHeHifl Jlaa^pe*- 
ByjiBMHHai^ioHHHft uyHBTB MoryniecTBa Hanojeoaa I-ro, h BiriM 
Cfb rkwb Bpena cpaBHHTeJiBHO Mapeoe, xasi Basi vb 1810 n 1811 rr. 
BOOHHua AificiBUL na BOHTHHeHit EepoHH (nOMHMO BofiHH Pocdi 
Cb Typitiefl, vb BOTopoK ^annia yqacria ne npHHHicaja) npoxoj- 
auuncB TOJBBO vb HcnaniH. Kasi se Bocnojn>80Bajica HanojeoHi 
9THM<B MOHeHTOMnb, CTOJiB ^jfaronpiaTHUBTB A^a icnpsHxib npeo6pa80- 
Basifi, ffjia CMarqenia raera, xaroT^Binaro na^^ ^panipefl? He to- 

BOpHlTB yse TOlTB, HTO OHB H FB 9T0 BpOlCa HOCTOaHHO 00^' 

BajTB HOBHe noBoxB[ Kb 6yfymjiwb BoKeairB, npoHSBoxBHO npicoe- 
XHHaa vb CBOefl HMiiepiH to FojJiaeAiH), to BauacBiS BaniOffB, to 
cbBepo-sanaxHyH) ^acTB FepiiaHiH Mesxy Bmcoitb h 9jiB<5oft, ocBop6- 
xsuL Pocda), BUBO^a mb xepo^Hia Upycciio h ne yxoBjeiBopaa 
ABcrpiD, HacHJBCTBeHHO noA^HHaa Eepooy bc^icb HeB£iroxaif% boh- 
THHeHxajBHOft CHcretfu; h bo BHyTpeHHett ero noiHTHBt a^chotisiis 
TO«iHO xaBi me ho snajTB M'&pu h rpaHsi^H, saKB h bo BH^mHeA. 
Otb yHacria napo^a bi rocyAapcTBeHHHX'B xtJax'B ocxajica, co Bpe- 
noHH yHHiTOsema xpHtfynaTa, oahhi tojibbo CjAffiuA iqwqmrB— 
saBOHOxaxejiBHHtt Bopnyci^, h^moS, CMHpeHHHfi, nocjqroiHyS; ho 
HanojieoETB TaroTHxca h btoB napoxieft na napo^Hoe npeAcraBHreA- 
CTBO, OTcpoHHBaerB, nacBOJiBBO bobmosho, cosBanie saBOHOxaxeiB- 



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mPBAii HiinBPiJi. 217 

Bopnyca, npewaraero hs ero o(5cya;^eHie — Kpoii* EOfleECora, 

cocmBJieHHurxi FOcyxapcTBeHHUirB cob^itb — tojbro saKOHH sropo- 

aensHoff beikhocth, HdAaBaa ocrajibflue fb ^pirb cenaTcrax'B no- 

caHOBJieHifly A&eri eny fb npesHAeHXH CBoero o6ep'B-RaMMeprepa, 

MoHiecKbio. Ha ocHOBaniH BOHCTHryi^iH, saBOHOAaTeibHiia Kopnyc& 

XjOJxeffL 6fiiJii o(5HOBjaTBCfl no qacxflirB, b% pasMi^pl oxBioi nsToft 

exeroxHo; cenarL, no npHsasaHiio niinepaTopa, npoAOJisaerB na 

Offffb TOKb nojraoMotie t^xi A^nyraTOBi, cpoB'b A^xe^BHOCTH bo- 

TOpHTb OBanqsiBajcfl bi 1809 r. ^enapraMeHTsr, bhobb npncoe^^n- 

jKSBae STB HMnepiH, ^o^isnu 6iijih Bu6paTB oi*b ce6si AenyraioBi 

n sftBOHOxaTejiBHnft Bopnyci; cenaTCRoe nocraHOBjenie ocbo($os- 

jmerB hxi otb H3($BpaTejiBHEix'B rpeeorB, npeAOcraBjjui naBHa^enie 

9nnn xenyraTOFB ycMorp'iHiK) cenara. Oij^Hi^iajiBHHft OT^eTB o 

jjBjTh cecciflxi> saROHOi^aTeJiBnaro Ropnyca, 1809 n 1810 rr., ne 

eocvaBjflerB, no o&beuy^ h ABa;^aT09 qacm orqera o5^ OAHOtt hs'b 

coq>eMeHHBixi napjaMeHTCSHXi* cecciS; vemjij rbwh owh nanoji- 

Bewh Ha nojiOBHHy pasfiopoMi coqeneHifi, nocBfln^eHHErx^ aBTopaMn 

aawHOxaTeJiBHOMy Bopnycy, cb oqeBHAHOio i^jbk) yMeHBnraxB xotb 

«UBK0-HH6yxB h36htok^ ero jocyra. B-b 1811 r. (5K)A»erB 6uji% 

pascxorp^ffB n npHHATB saBonoAaTejBHEiM'B BopnycoitB vb ojuao sa- 

djiaHie, no xouaAy, cocTOflBmeiiy hbi h'6cro.ibbhx^ crpoR'B, n 6e3z 

^cxKUXt npenia. Bi 1810 r., npn o6cyaiAeHin yrojiOBnaro bo- 

jfmiOL — BOTopoe e^Ba jih A^se MoacerB 6eitb nasBano otfcysA^HieifB, 

wnouj vro npexMeroiTB npenift 6qjiu ne ota'^jibhua ciaxBH, a i^^- 

MOM raaBH— HHBTO ne bobbuchjx ro^oca npoiHFB BR.iH>qenifl roh- 

^flCxa^iH vh qncio naBasanifi, xota vl to BpeMfl ne 6eijo hh bA- 

BETO i^HMHHajBcra, BOTopiifi 6u ne OTBeprajrB ea vb xeopin, xota 

cavH jeracTfii rocyAftpcTBennaro coB^m ycrynnjiH fb btoitb omo- 

Dmfl TOiBBO npjiMO BupaiBennoft BO.ii^ HMnepaiopa. BesMOJiBniiBf'B 

nporecTOirB npoiiiFB R0H4>HCBai^in nocjysBJiB tojbbo 35 rojocoBi, 

wwkEmnTh npoTiTBB Toft FjaBBT Ro^efca, BOTopoK) ona ycianoBJui- 

jao; sa nee 6uxo noAano 225 tojiocofb. 

Bi to caMoe BpeMa, Bor^a saRonoAaxe^iBnoHy Bopnyey nexo- 
ci»ajo saHinift, Borxa onB bajio pascysx^tii o toicb, cjii^yerB je 
ptqiitDiBTB Toft nan xpyroft o6mfiB^ npo^asy ne6ojBmoro yqaciBa 
mgh npHHExieiBan^ei ei seiun, HanojieonB HsxaBaji'B co($CTBennoio 
uacTUD xespeTEiy Bacasmiecfl caMux'B BaaBHux'B croponib otfn^ecrBen- 
Bot SB8HH. Ob caiiaro naqaja ero ynpasirenifl nponsBOJiBHuft apecTB, 
6e» cyxa, jhi^i, noqeMy-mrtfyxB onacnsTXi h.ih nenpiflrniix'B a^ 
opaBBieiBCTBa, h AO-^roBpeMennoe coxepaBanie hx% nox^ crpaseS 
fsam aBieniflMH BecBiia ot^BiBnoBennHBin; no fb 1810 r. onB no- 
MUiLJthj noqeicy-TO, npnxstTB noxo^nuiTB irtpaiTB Bnimnift bhx^ 



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218 ncTHm npomL 

saBOHBOCiHy H npiouuMLrB rocyxapcTBeHHOMy cosfay cocTMns npo- 
eETb ffizpeoL wcydapcmeemittM mwphMoa (prisoos d'etat), T.-e. 
M'beTax'b saRJio^eHu rocyAapcTBeHHux'B npeciynmiKora, wpn- 
nocjiaBi eiiy CTpaHHi^u Mfifb coo6paxeHifly n Roropiirb BHCBam- 
BaiHCb 6u MiCepoAMifM udeu (il me faut deux pages de coosi- 
d^rants qui contiennent des id^ lib^rales)! «Bon oxHo ji» 
rtx'B xapaBTepHCTH^ecKHX'E CJOFB, — roBopHTB no 9I0Hy nOBOXf 
Jlas^pe, — ROTopuMH, 6ojihme uomerb 6hrrh liwh uoC/bjUME, o(Si- 
flCHflercfl yxHBinejibHoe BOSBinnenie HanojieoHa I h HeotiHiiio- 
BeHHoe BjiiiHie ero Ha ^paniQrsoBi. Jl^a, owl aramBOirB xopomo 
SHan 8iy Hec^acTHyio Hai^io, nocroAHHo nouaionorDca Ha ofiuHi 
rpOMKHX'b cjiOBi H FOTOByio ci^AOsaTB sa BCfliunrB mapjaraBOia! 
EasHMH AneHpaiftfaMHy saKHMH noroBaMH HeroAOBaniH ona oriacua 
CB^TB no noBoxy BacnuBH, croaro rpobh npoanjui, hto6h ee pu- 
pymHTB, Bas'B bucobo npeBOsnecja ea no&bjuneieV. TenepB mei^ 
p^HB He BOBcraHOBjeHiH cpasHHrejibHO 6e8o6HAHOft BacrHJUiH cia- 
6aro Bopojfl JIioxoBHKa XVI; renepb coBAaeicfl BoceiiB tfacrudl, 
pacnpex^ieHHii^'B no Bceft noBepxHOCTH rocyxapcTBa, cocroflnvirb 
wb noJiHom* pacnopflnemn neyiioJHMoB, cbjohhoB kl noxospiaifln 
Bjacra; ho oni cosAaHxrcfl bo bma jiH6epajLHux'B Hxefi — h dioro 

AOBOJBHO, BCk npeRJIOHfllOTCfl HCpeA'B HHMH, HHrX^^ He CaUUIHO HB 

ponora, nHnporecra*. HaMi» Kasercfl, mto wh bthxi ciOBaxx JIaH* 
4>pe ecTB H^BOTopoe npeyBeaHqenie. Bedcnopno, {^pani^yaii Boerx^ 
tftuH pacnojioseHu yBJiesaTBCfl {^pasami b satfuBarb HsrB-sa bus 
cy^HOCTH A^ia; ho octb cjiyqae, sorxa dra cynpocTB cjBnnEOiis 
o^eBHAHa H He iioserB 6uTh HHni^M'B pasyspameBa h npispim* 
Moj^anie, (tb rotopbiitb Bcrp^^em 6ujrb o^n^ecTBOirB jORperk 
rocyAapcTBeHHiix'B TK)pBHax'by o(h>flCHfleTCfl He jH($epajiBHiiMH co- 
o6pa»eHiflMH, rotophmh owh 6ujrB MoriBHpoBaHB, a o6mfiWh n to 
Bpenfl paBHOxymieM'B kl CBoCoxi, r'b noJOTH^ecsofi shbhh, oicyr- 
CTBieM'B o6n;ecTBeHHaro uni^is h dpranoBi, b:b soropHXB obo 
Morjio 6u (SesnpenBTCTBeHHO BupaaRaTBoi. Bcb ymi, CR0JbR0-HH6yj^ 
HesaBHCHMKe, ne ORonqaie^BHO ocjinjennue (jiecKOirB BoeHHol 
ciaBii H o6aflHieirB cmjlUj 6en coMH&nifl hohajih, saKb neiBtf 
jy^me, sna^eme h i^BAeRpera; ho rxt h RaRHirB o6pa80icE obs 
MorjH npoxecTOBaTB nporsBi nero? IIpH TaRom noiosemH x^ 
RaRoe Torxa cyn^ecTBOsajo bo ^paniun, Hoiqanie OTHx>xb ne mo^ 
aierb 6uTb tfesyciOBHO npHBHiiaeMo sa snaRi coriacui h OAO^peaui 0^ 



TO]f%, 110 Au apecra 6e^ cyxa Tpe(k>BaiocB nocraBoueaie vaiHaro cosfaa (cocnBj 
xeHBaro m xhii>, HaH6ojie 6imEBx% %% XMnepaTopy), no xouaxy MBHBcrpa ncmA 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HBPBAa EMSKBUL. 219 

OffOBpeMeHHo ch xesperoBTL o * rocyAapcTseHHHX'B TDpuiarB 
(kn o6HapaAOBaHi xeBperB o SBHrone^aTamH, nocraBHBinifl era 
m^ BV&oph ocoiSaro ynpaaaem no a^jomi* ne^aiv, y^pesxeH- 
mo npi MHEHcrepcTBi BHyrpeHHiirL x^xhj m yciafiOBHBiirift ^* 
tjjtmamu6Hyio i^eHsypy, T.-e. npexocraBEBinifi aBiopaiTB, ecjiH ohh 
iffiseiavn, noABepraTB cboh co^HneHifl npeABapnTejBHOMy npo- 
oior^ iteHsopa. OAotfpeme i^ensopa He jiemajio OAHaso HHHBcrpa 
msm A&HHaro eiiy Boo6me npasa saAepsaTB orneiaiaHHoe co* 
weoe H npeAciaBHTB ero na pascMorpime roqrAapcTBeHHaro co- 
Bin, on soToparo Aoasna (lua 8aBHcto> OBOHiaTejBHafl cyxBtfa 
ero. San hh BejiHKa tfujia bjeactl hjh, iiy^me cRasaxB, nponsBOJrb, 
njmociaBieHHiifi aAMHHncTpaiUH bthitl AeRperoirB, nopaxorb, ycra* 
iDejoHHS HMiy 6uA'h HapymeHx bc^a'b sa ero H8AaHiein>. Go^h- 
Boie madame x^'CxajiB: «De rAllemagne*, 6um OTne^axaHO cb 
ptsftaeiiui i](eH80pa, ncKuouBmaro hsb Hero nHoseciBO otx^b* 
nm xicTE, xase caiiux'B HeBHHHux^ ^); t^m'b He ifeni^ oho 
(nio anqoaHO no pacnopaseHiH) MHHHcrpa nojiHipH n neMedAeuHO 
yHRioseHOy 6eyb npexcraBJieHia na pascMorp^me rocyAapcrfieHHaro 
coiknjOMoB C0HHHHTe;iBHHi]('6 ($£uo npHsasaHO ocraBHiB ^panipio 
n jmnni-qerupe naca. Bb nHCBM'j^ HHHAcrpa hojihivh na ea 
m, NincaHEOii'B fb HenpHJuiiHO*rpy(5oiii. toh^, mothbom'b sanpe- 
nmb iHirH 6uji'h BucraBjeHB saM^TOHHufi vh neK HeAOcraTOSB 
BijioiHsiia (nous n'en sommes pas r^dnits k chercher des mo- 
*les dans les peoples que vous admirez; votre ouvrage n'est pas 

Bi noioseniH nepioxHiecKofl ne^axH, Bpafine Tsmezowh cb car 
nm BepBUTB AHei BOHQyjBciBa, Tasse npoHsonua snaHHTeJEBnaii 
^leiiHa KB xyxmeny. Biuo pi^meno, ^to^h fb xasAoirB xenap- 
'oeni, KpoM^ CeHcsaro (x.-e. IlapHjia), BBxasajacB xojbbo oxna 
^^ noxB HenoqpexcrBeHHuiTB nax^opoifB h cb oxofipenifl npe- 
fn; ffyvEMji cJOBaMB, fb npoBHHipH norjiH oxHBiHt cyn^ecxBO* 
tta KouEo o^l^^iyaAHiifl rasexs. Ha xoxoxu ci napnscBHX'B ra- 
KA 6iuB BaioseHi BHCOKift naaoPB fb Bu^b nencift bi 6, 8, 
^^ mean ^paHKOFB, soxopiui HsxaxejH otfflsanu 6ujlii njaxHiB 
^ptToptMB HJn y^ettowhj nojBBOBaBnnufca 6jiarocBJOHHocxBio Ha- 
^^cooa. nenajBHofl xapaBxepncxHBoft anoxH cxysHXB npsHAxie no- 

M MiBQi^ 1 1110 cmieon apecTOBaBHHZi iioxBepraicji eaBeroxHO nepecMorpy Toro 
* wifei. CaMo co6oD pasyMiercji, tto i to, m ipyroe 6bmo ho rapaeTiefi, a njctow> 
^'P'^^^BocTuo, KOTopaji opHTOMi Ha iipacniKb BOBce He co6xDjiaiacb. 

*) Tin Hanpaii^, sanepEHyia taJa <|>pa8a: ^HapHaBir-^iaBoe Mtaro, rxft Bcero 
^ MSBo o6oincb 6631 cYaerui*'. IJ(eH3opa rtpoiiTHO BOSMyrua uh xcnyraia 
^ ^to nu n Hapnft, moxbo ho 6btii c^acTJRBinrB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



220 mcTEEJCb iBPonn. 

fio6EUTb neHdA tekhiih jK)AbMH, keitb MoHarB, EepHapxeHi-ie* 
OeffB-IlBepirB, MapH-2BU)8e4rB ineHi»e. H'6cbojbbo BpeneHH cnycta 
HanoaeoffB crajn en^ neate i^epeiiOHHTBCfl (tb npasaMH ii8xaTaie8; 

OfTB CraXB A&pHTB CBOHITB npHdlfUEeHHEIlTB OpaBO C06CTBeHHOCTH B% 

raseTy, OTHaroe, 6e8rB BCflxaro BOBHarpasA^Hifl, y npexHaro ua- 

JiHineHHaa bcakoB caMOcroflTeiBHOCTe, nocraBieHHaa vh 6^- 
ycjOBHyio saBHCHiiocTb on BaacTH, jiHTepaiypa, no ioicjh Hano- 
jeoHa, fftJUBLESL 6iua cx'biaTBCa oahhitb evl opy^ift ynpaBieHui, 8a- 
Hfliie eio — KBjeb'6u oxhok) eai orpaoieK rocyAapcTBeHHofi caystfu ^). 
To se xejiame cocpexoroqETB b^ cbohx'b pyRaxi Bct cpeACisa xbl- 
eiBifl Ha yMH, bc6 rjiasHBie HcroqHHRH npaBCTBeHHaro Bjiiflmfl, py- 
R0B0AH.10 HanoJieoHOMi vh 6opB6% ero npoTHBi nami. YcirbinHoe 
OBOH^aHie aroft 6opB6u npHeeao 6u btb Taaony nopatfonteeiK) yvom, 
wh TaapMy Bceiforyo^ecTBy oxHoro jHi^a, Rasoro He roajni Afts^ q[)exHie 
Bina. cnapHaKi), — BOCK^iBi^aerB caM% HanojieoH'B, — c^'i^ajcfl 6u cio- 
aHi](eft xpHcriaHCTBa; a pyBOBOAH^x 6ii peJiHiiosHtiirB MipoM'B, to^ho 
laKse BavB h iripoirB nojHTH^ecBHiTB. V Mena 6um 6u cboi pen- 
rioBHua, KarB n cboh saROHOAaxejiBHUfl ceccm. Mou coCopii 6£uh 6u 
npeACTaBHTeJBCTBOiTB xpHcriaHCTBa, nanu — tojbso npexc^A&^^fli^ 
Ex-b. SI CA^jiajTB 6u BVh nanu H^oja, owb Bcer^a 61111 (Sh ps* 

^OITB CO MHOK)»... IIOHflTHO, ITO, COSHBaa FB 1811 T. COfiopB ^^paH- 

my^cKETh E HTaiBaHCSHX'B enHCBOHOBi, HanojieoHi HH'krB vbbi^ 
fie B08Bpaii;eHie bi nepeotfuTHOny itepROBHOMy caMoynpaBjeHiio, ae 
ocBo6osA6Hie i^epicBH, a noBoe noA^BHeHie ea, en;e 6o^ie TusEoe, 
^BTB npesnee. IIpH nepBOfi nonBrrai conpoiBBJieHia co cropoHH 
^jieHOBi co6opay HanojeoHi aaKpuj'B ero sactj^aHia, npHsasaii 
apecTOBaTB rjiaBHux'B pysoBOAirrejefi o^^08H^iH h sacrasHJii 6oib- 
mHHCTBO enucBonoBi noAHHcaiB xeaperB, corjacHufl (tb BHxaME hm- 
nepaiopa. IIocpexHHBOirB Mesxy HanojieoHOM^B h enscBonaifa 6aTb 

UpH BTOITB.... HHHHCrpi HOJIHI^iH! 

Yhhsebx h otfeacHJuiffB saROHOxaxeJiBHiia co6paHia, saxaann 
ne^aTB, cjOMHBiy no apailHeft ir&pi noBHAHMOMy, conpoTHBJiesie W 
xoBeHCTBa, HanoieoH'B xonieii xo loro, tto He norB nepeaocin* 
Bospasemfi xAse co cropomi caiiiixi 6jiibbhxx eiiy aeu,t»: oe% xo- 
TiuTB E TpeCoaaji'B otb hhx'b oxo6peHia, canoe ifOJiqaeie hxx sasa* 
jocB eiiy BocBeHHUBfB npoTecTOKHb npoTHBi ero bojih. Hsx ^cja 
ero MHHHcrpoBi xBoe qyacreoBajH vb ce&k choco^hoctb h CHjy 



He Toubio sypHAi&HfM craibH, ho h MHoru BBsrH mcaiicfc bo sansy uoe- 
ptTopa — Hanp. ram Xonf : »E88ai sor le poayoir temporel det papes", i^too so- 
Topoi 6iuo npiroToueme o6meeTBa n ynmoaenD ciircioi uacra naira. 



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nsPBAH Huupur. 221 

iwth H^Mi-TO 66jibniH]r&9 ^wb npocruMQ ceBperapflMH HMneparopa; 

m tiiuiH TajiellpaBnb, UEEBcrpb HHOCTpaHHuxi K^^y h ^yme, mh- 

netfTb ^OJIH^iH— jiiOAH 6en yd^A^Hift, 6e8i nojETH^ecKoS necr* 

Bocn, HO cosp^Bmie cpe^H <$ypB peBOjnoi^iHy npHBUKinie itb ca* 

locioflTejnHoft x^Te^bHOcrn, OTHOCHBmiecfl BpHTH^ecBH bo Bceiiy, 

jjOiB vh JIH^HOCTH CBOOFO HOBeiHTejifl. TaBHiTL jnoAfliTB Tenepb He 

(luo (k>aBine ntoa vb Ba^HHeii HanojieoHa ^). Ob TaiettpaHOirB 

on pascrajcfl emfi bi 1808 r., no nOBo;iy HcnaHCBHX'b A^ai, h 

siM^urB ero IIIaMnaHbA, 6e8i][BiTHHM'B, ho nocJiymHUMrB. TpH roxa 

coyoi maimaHbH^ uozhmebuH h cxepsaHHuft on npnpoAEr, OBa- 

sua Hexocraio^HO njiaMeHHUvb noBjOHHEBOMi Bcixi njanoB^ h 

iflur^Hifi HanojeoHa, h vh cbok> oqepe^B 6ujn> saii^HeHB Mape, 

r^H^^roM'B EaccaHO. Bb Ba^ecTB^ ceftperapfl BMnepaiopa, Mape 

lUHo apHBHKi Bi TO^HOft nepexa^*! ero nucjieft, h BiAcvk ch 

TtB BOCHHTaix Bib cB&b BOCTopseHHoe y^uBjieHie vh remH) HMae- 

piTopa, CesycjiOBHyH) Bipy vh ero HenorpimHMocTB. Yiri&pHTB, wep- 

ziBaTB ero nopHBii, cjiysHTB nocpexHHBOM'B Mesxy hhu'b h hho- 

cTpaHHHMH xvnjOMaTaMH Mape 6ujrb pi^mHTaaBHO Hecnoco6eH'B. 

^punQTSCBafl AHnjioiiaTifl, mhofo norepflBmafl yxe cb OTcraBBoft 

TaaetpaBa, cx&iajiacB TenepB nenocpexcTBenHHirB oipaseHieirB Ha* 

ouu ■ Henoci^AOBaTeiBHOCTH, botopumb orjHqajcfl HMnepaxopB. 

HicxojbRO paHBme yBOJiBHeHia UlaMnaHBH, mhhhctpom'b nojiHi^iHy 

Ba xtcTO ^me, 6H;rB HasHaneHi CaBapH, repi^orb Pobhfo, ucnoA- 

fmrncAb (homme d'ex^cation), BaB'B ero HasuBajix HanojeoHB, Ma- 

MejttOK^j BaB'B ero nasuBajiH wb ofiD^ecTBi, npio(5p6Bniift ne^ajBHyio 

ISBtCTHOCTB TOK) pOIBK), BOTOpyK) OHl HrpajB KB AByX'B HOCTHA* 

laxs mimoffijcb ynpaBjeeifl Hanojieona — fb sasHH repAora 9h* 
rieecsaro h vb apecroBamH nacjitAHaro npHHi^a HcnaHCBaro, $ep* 
WBHxa. Bne^aTa^Hie, npoHSBexeHHoe HasnaHeHieirB CaBapn, 6uio 
taoe Taaiejoe; owb caitx npHdnaerB bto vb cbohxi neifyapaxx. 
•a Bd^iTB BHymaji'B crpaxi, — roBopim ohb: — MHorie crajn npii- 
moBUTBCfl KB (JtrcTBy; co Bdxi cropoHB huh ciyxH o Hpe;^cxo£- 
]ipn% KBTHaHiflTB, apecraxi hjh ^om'b-to en^e xyxmeifB; OAHHifB 
uomwhy BBB^crie o nosBJieHiH Hymi Hcnyrajo 6u ne 6ojiBnie, ^iwb 



1) Mopacoi MiHHerpi, X^cpe, rasme ne opHeaxJiesan vh iHciy cjimixi noHHia- 
KKi HsBOieoaa; yxe n 1810 r., fi soB4»flAeH^ialLHOlfl pasroBopi ci MapMoeovL, 
pn i^oasBeci cjAfjnmin BBaMeHaTeuBHa ciosa: ^HunepaTopi — ^esyiieui, soropHft 
«poanen Bctxi eaci; see bto obohhhtcjh cipaoiHOD BaTacTpo(|)oft^ (I'empereur est 
v«, tout k fait fou, il nous culbutera tons tant que nous sommes, et tout cela finira 
ytt ime ^ntantable catastrophe). Ho oo canoiiy cBoficrsy cbohzi o6ji3aBHOCTeft, 
Jap9 piwo ipssoABA vt HeoocpexcTBeiiHoe conpBBocHOBeHie c& HiinepaTopom, b 
mmmj im»i% cozpaHsn c>oe irbero jkonme ^yme h Taxeftpaia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



222 mctmwh iBPona. 

BicTb Ho^TB Ha3HaTOHiH». IIox'B BJiiflHieirb 9Toro BiieqaTJiindfl, 
xase Xylite npiofiptn wbvto Fb pojti^ perpocneimiBHofl Donyjiflp- 
hocth; bc6 seajra, ^to oh-b bo HBOrHrB uj^^htb CMflr^ajn, npi 
HcnojHeBiff, cjiHmBOirB crporis npssasaHk Hanojeona e npex* 
ynpesAajii; HCBycHOK) Me^JieHHOCTBH), i^&iHlt paxB CesnojesBiirB h 
secTOBHxi npecj^AOBaHit. CaMHfi CBenrm^irL ero, nvBimwaA h 
HacM^iiLiiiBufl) ero BoaHie J^0J^e1l h o6cTOBTejii>CTBi^ ero crapHe pe- 
BOJiioipoHHHe HHCTHHRTBi cjiysHJiH rapaHiiet H'i&BOTopoft HesasHcx- 
xocTH, BOTopofi HanpacHO 6tM0 6ii ozHAaTB 0TB «MaMejiiK)Ba», 6e3- 
rpaHH'VHO npeAasHaro h (^esycjiOBHo nocsynraaro. Ob HaBHa^oneii) 
GaBapH KOSHO cpaBHHTB TOJBBO HasHaHeHie reeepajia dciiHBacca 
KHHHCrpoirB BHyrpeHHHX'B ^ijbjTh vh 1858 r., nocjii noKymemii Op- 
CHHH Ha SH8HB HanojeoHB III; ho dcnHnacci 6iurB na^a^effB 
FB MoiceHTB Bceo6ii^efi naHHKH, GaBapH— cpexH rjiy6oBaro cnosol- 
CTBu; dcnnnaccB tfujn yBOjeHB on aojshocth nepes^ HtcBOibBO 
MtcHi^eBB, * BasB TOJBBO HaHHsa MHHOBa^a, GanapH ociaBajci na 
uicti dbcBOJBBO j^TB, ^yTB JUL HO ffo caMait) naAenia EMoepii. 
JI^ecnoTHsiffy HanojeoHa cooTB^TCTBOBajio Boojiffli pa6ojJ^ncTB0— 
BOHe^HO, artmaHHoe ch jiHi^eii^pieirB — h noj^otfocrpacrie jnn^ i 
ynpexAeHifi, ero OBpyautBmHX'B. HiBorAa, sasercfl, ^^paniQrscBie 

rOCyxapCTBeHHUe JUOAH ho rOBOpHJIH TaKHHl SSUWWhj SEB'B BB9TH 

roAH Bucmaro Moryn^ecTBa nepBofi HMnepin. ^.to6u y($ipTBca 
vb BTOiTB, HyjBHO HpoiecTB BB no;uHHHHBi& HOBApaBJieHiii oeHaTa, 
saBOHOAaTezBHare sopnyca, rocyAapciBenHaro coB^m no hoboxJ 
Cpasa Hanojieona n Mapiefi-JIyHBOfi hih no noBO^y pos^eHii 
HMnepaxopcBaro npnHi^a. «BamH napoxH^ — roBopHrb npesHxeBtc 
ceHaia, — npHBfacTByH)TB wy HOByx) sBfe^y (noBopoaweHHaro npHU 
11(a), BsomexmyH) nax^ ropHBOHTOirB ^MUBiar, nepBiitt lyrB e< 
pasd^enaeFB noaAxnifl vbBB ifpasa, noBpiiBaBniaro 6jfjmfie* 
IIpesHAeHTB saBOHOAaienHaro Bopnyca, cosBaHHaro ;iBa xtoql 
cnycTfl nocjii posA^nifl npHHi^a, ornpaBifleiCfl, bo rjiEBb xenj* 
TaipH, nosApaBHTB HOBopoasxeHHaro, h x^erB cbohitb TOBapHOiatfi 
cj^Xy^^iA OT^erB bb HcnoaHemH btofo nopywHuc ^wa BiipasHJi 
exy BaHiH h&khhs ^yBciBa, Biribcri cb tAmk nosejiaRuncs, imo* 
pHji MOserB BHyniHTB nama jno6oBB Kb cotfcTBenHBiirB Hanmn 
X^TBirB. HacB npHHflJUi h (SjaroxapHJia otb mceHH H>Haro npHHitl 
ero ryBepnaHTBa, jsai&i, 6e9B coKHimB; o HOBOBicasHOCTH npi 
coexHHBTB BB BupasemB) CBOHxi cotfcTBeHHHXi ^ BC HTB BHpase 
Hie jHqHBixi qyscTBB npHHi](a». ^aase h homhmo TaRHXB Tops^ 
CTBeHHUxB eijr^aeBB, o^Hi^iaaBHue opaxopu ne snajH n^psi bi 
CBoeiTB naeociy Korxa roBopHJH o HanojeoH^ oxrarB mn hbxI 
HanpHiftpB, HasBajTB ero «npoBBx$Hie]rB ^aH^iH». YxHSjunBea ^ 



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niPBiii nnipiji. 223 

wvy, Bnpo^eirB, ecjra BaTOJHHecKift euBCMOWb^ uorouovh xpeBHeB 
^uiiuis PoraHOBi, otfpan^ajcfl vh HanojieoHy, HcnpanraBafl y Hero 
UKfwo-To wnjocTb, uoiVb vb cBoeiiy «((o»ecTBeHHOMy noRpoBHrejio* 
(le grand Napoleon est mon Dieu tut^laire)? 

RasoBO me 6uio vh bto Bpeica ;(iftcrB]iTe:iBHoe noioseHie 

Bipojia, npoeudrbuifo Boroparo pacio^ajHCs Tasifl BocropseEHus 

fsonBtLjni? He roBopa yase o HeyB^peHHOciH b% 6yf;ymfiwhy o no- 

axmBOOWh cipaxi hobhx'b boShi, — h HacTOnniee 6£Ijio xft^eso 

i^itaanTejibHO. HecMOTpji na rpoMaxnufl K0HTpH6yi](iH, ciesaB- 

miief CO Bcbx'h croponi vb mcnepaTopcByio RasHy, necHOTpa 

n 10, vro H3xepsBH no coxepsaeiK) boScbi, pacnojoacenHux'B 

a npejfkMXB $paH^iH — a ohh cocraBJAJiH snaqHTeJiBHo 65 jb- 

MjD qacTB ^paHiQrscRofi apMiH — ynaxajiH na crpaHu, hmh sanfl- 

THfl, roi^AitpcTBeHHHe pacxoxu nocTOflnno BospacrajH; tojbbo bi 

(k^i/urb ivi^^pa nxi (730 MHJiJiioHOBi) ocraBajiacB HenoxBHx- 

lot, diaroxapfl 4^Bycy, daBjnoHaBmeifycfl b% toitb, wo iiHOsecTBo 

paooAOFL, npes^e c^HxaBniExcfl rocyxapcTBenHiniH h x^Hctbh- 

leuHO wAvnasrh btotb xapaKTeprs (nanp. coAepsanie npe4>eKT0Bi 

1 noffip^KiOBi), 6blih nepenocHMUy BaojH'b hjh oxqacTH, na 

f^er% x^napraifeHTOKB h o6iipHi. EoHTHHenrajiBHafl CHcrena o($o- 

raoi^a Heimonixi) no tfiua spafiee issejia ps 6oJBmHHCTBa; 

€Ba pasBUft xo orpoMHux'B pasBf^poBi^ BonrpatfaHxy, amsi noxasje- 

lu soTopot 6iijn[ noBceM^HO ynpesAeHu qpesBUMaftHiie cyxu, 

a npanoiffB noxBepraxB R0HTpa(5aHAHCT0Bi& BaxopsHofi pa(5oT6, 

ueftMeHuo H xase cxepTHoft sasHH. B'b 1811 roxy naxB $paH- 

ipeft paspasMCfl CMXbBMmiA BOiofep^ecBift BpHsmrB, saBHc^Bmifi 

Benocp^XCTBeHHO on loproBofi nojHTHBH npaBHrejECTBa; ho o&b 

ny r Lae HiH ea Hanojieon^ ne xorbxb h cJUimaTB, h xynajB noMOVB 

siy najuiaTHBHiiicH M^paifH, Boropus, Bone^o, OBasaiHCB 6edyc- 

EesnpecTaBHue Ha6opii Hcron^HJE Hacejenie; niaia sa 

oxoTHHBa Bib 1811 roxy xonua fp 8,000 ^^pansoBi — a 

locxB ffimn 6uM lorxa bo^th baboo tfojiBme, ^itb lenepB; 

OEpiIBniHXefl (StrCTBOlTB OTB HCnOJHeHifl BOHHCBOfi nOBHHHOCrH 

Vb TOiTB me roxy xo BocBMExecaTH Tacan. ^w6u no- 

BOHei^ arony noioseHuo Bereft, npaBHreACTBO npH($trajo 

BBHo-HecnpaBexiBBHiTB iribpaiTB, BBB'B Bosjosenie or- 

sa BHHy &bvjiendL na poxHiaiet ero, CpaxbeBi h 

HB o6n^Hy, Vb Boropofi oh^ npHnaxJiesaxB. Ob btok) 

CBB^ajia noceiBJiH vb ffiui 6%Fjieita HSBicTHoe ^hcjio coi- 

BOTopHrb ffljimieB% 6im coxepasaxB na CBoft cvotb xobahhi 

noioiTB noeuiaracB i^iia bojiohhh x'a saHaTuiy na rbvb 

oemoBKmsofbj odrnfoai bjh BBHTOHa. HapoxB ]^9u^b 8THir& bo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 




221 B'bCTHISl IBPOnH. 

jiOHHaifb HasBEHie adcnuxz (colonnes infernales). IIpH soeft rpo- 
MaAHOcrn seprsiy Koiopuxi Tpe<5oBa«io otb sapoxa nonoiHene 
BofiCBa, Kb KHHyTy BHeeanHofi onacffocTH crpaHa ^ oiLasHBajacb 
noHTH 6e88aiipTHofi. UoflBJieHie aHrjificKaro xecaHxa obojio yciBeffE 
nieJBXKiy Bib 1809 roxy, naBeao naHHvecEitt crpaxi ea sea ci- 
Bep^ $paH^iIl; mhhhctpu, BpoMi $yine, norepajiH rojioBy (Hano- 
jieoHi 6u;i'B bi 9to Bpeiis noxi CT^HaifH B^Hii); nprnnjiocB npi- 
6irHyTb B^ xaBHH'E ^pesBu^afiHUM^b idpaiii, icairB MoCuoimili 
HaivioHajirLHOft rBapxiH, nepesosBa BoficBi na noiroBuxi h t. n. 
HaBOHeA'B, caiioe boAcbo, 8totb npeAiierB nocroAHHofi, HcsiKm- 
TejiLHofi 8a6oTJiHBOCTH HaoojieoHa, 6ujlq vh bto Bpeicfl yse waim 
He rkiL%^ ^ npeaixe. Oco($eHHo BpexHo x^ftcTBOBaia na Hero 
Bofina Ha IlBpeHeficBOirB nojiyoerpoB^, cpexH BpasAetfearo sace- 
jeHifly cpexH cBpuTuxi onacHocreft BcsBaro poxa, npH.6e8npe- 
cxaHHo OTp'^BHBaeMiixi cooCn^eHiflXi, npH nexocraTOiHoirB CHa(h 
sefliH OAesAOfi, Aftse DHn^efl. Bee arc, Buribcr^ BSflroe, pasBHeaio 
Bi cojiAftTax'B npBBuuy bi s^ctobocth, vh ipaiSesy, bi^ iiapo- 
ACpcTBy, noApuBajio nopflAOKB h xHCipraiJoiHy. O^^Hi^epH h refle- 
pajiu, otforaTHBinieaiy yiOMjeBHue boAhoh), saas^^nUe cnoBOficrBia, 
He coeAHHJieMiie otin^eH) Hsicjbio^ ne nouepsHBaeicHe Hcq^eHHuri, 

tfeSBOpUCTHUMl ^yBCTBOMl, SaHHMajIHCB HHTpHraUH, CCOpBJUICb Mcsxy 

co<k)K), BacBinajB na jiaBpaxx. ?to6£i noAAepsaiB Kb ehxi ^^uo- 
xymie, A^TeabHocTB n 6oApocTb, Heo6xoAHMa 6iiJia aBejitsHas pysa 
caxoro HaaojeoHa — a ohi, cb canaro orb'i&sAa cBoero hsi Hc- 
naBiE, Bi na^ajii 1809 ro^a, He BOSBpan^&icfl ly^a, xota, nocj^ 
saBJLio^eHifl HHpa cb ABcrpieft, hh^jii b% Tony nojiHyjK) bobkos- 
HOCTb. OCpasi A^ficTBifi ero OTHOCHiejibHo HcnaniH npexciaaiflerB 

I^&IUft pflA^ OmB^OBl, He TOJbBO noaHTH^eCBHXX, HO H BOeHfiUH, 

aAMHHHcrpaTHBHuxi. Ohi> xo^erb pyBOBOAHTb h3i> jQapHsa xoxob^ 
BoeHHiixi A^ficTBifi, npH ycjOBiaxiy fiesnpepiiBHO hsm^hbidiiibxc^ 
H eb TOHHOCTbH) eny HeBSB^aHuxx; Bifbcxo xoro^ ^rotfn cocpexo^ 
TOHBTb HanajubCTBO vb pyBaxii oAHoro OTB^TCTBeHHaro, ho caMO^ 
CToaiejbHaro anij^a, owb pasApo6jiflerb ero nesxy H^CBoabBBia 
renepajaKE, ne yniiOD^HMH hjh ne sejiaion^HMH noxA^pjuBan 
xpynb Apyra; bm^cto xoro, ^to6u BOSBUcnrb aBTopsTerb BopoJU 
IocH4)a9 CBoero tfpaxa, ohi oepBiift iioAaei^ npHMipi HeyBaaKeaii 
B'B Heny; hsi jshuoB HenpiBSHH Kb SBLypAaHy, OH'b ni^)an8yen 
Bci pacnopflsenifl ero; hbi jiHHHofi npiBSBH bi> GyjBTy — nopyi 
^aeTi> eMy BOMaHAOBanie nax^ apMieft vh to caxoe apeHfl, BorA^ 
HeyAaHHuft noxoA'b ero vb nopryrajiio jHoiHjrb era ysaaeBifl \ 
AOB^pia cojAaTB h o^i^epoBii. BAo6aBOBi bo Bceiiy aroiiy, Hai 
nojieoBTb He Cbyiitob noHaib onacHocrn, yrposaBmett exy sa Ib^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nxpBAx mispifl. 225 

poetcsoMi ^ojiyoerpoB^ co cropoHu aHrjiEqaHi, He chjvijrh pacr 
mssLTb FE Hxi noJEOBOffT^, BeJUHHrTOH^, npoTHBHEiRa, sacjiysH- 
Bts»nuiro cepLSsHam BBBMaeifl. dxa nocji^AHfls omntfEa 6iua oxhoh) 
m camix'B ^^TajiBEHxi ^tJia HanojieoHa. 

CyjCAeHifl Jlan^^pe o BejiJiflHrroH'l BEicraBjjiiorb vh spROiTB 

cb6i£ BeH> paBHHiQr nesAJ hobumi ^^paHiQrsciuiM'B hctophrom'b h 

ero npeAKnecTBeHHHBaMH. TLocjAjme, no npucipy caicoro Hano- 

jeofla, OTHociuHCB Kb BejuBHiTOHy cBBicoRa, o&MCBsijnn Bc6 ero 

YWa cjiy^BBWh^ mnaibewh; Jlae^^pe xoBasHBaerB bck) HecocxoflTejiB- 

flOOT^ BCK) CMinmyH) h HaHBHyio HaAMeBHOCTB TaKoro o^MCHemfl, 

I oiycaerB nojiHyK) cnpaBeA^HBOcxB ^jaropasyMiio, AftJiBHOBHAHOcn, 

i]MuuaHCX0My MysecTBy h BoeHHUMi xaiaHTaM'b BejuHHrroHa. B'b 

omopooiCHOcntu ero, xasi ^acro cjiysBBmeft npeAMexoirB nacM^- 

men co cropoHu ^^paHi^rscRBxi nHcaiejieft, Jlan^^pe bhaht^ pe- 

syjBTaTB Tsy6ojiEXT> coo6pa2KeHifi, ne tojlbo BoenHux'B, ho h no- 

JHniqecKHX'b. BejuHHrroffb Cun* y6^SAeHi», hto pano hjih hosaho 

BCfl Espona noAHUMeicfl npoTHBi Hanoaeona, ecjns tojibbo fa^- 

Hi6y^ ^^T^ Bi OAHOifi wbcrbj 6yjifiTh ffiL&h npniflpx ynopnaro, 

eeopepHBHaro conpoTHBjeBifl ero opysifo, ero BjiacTH ^). IIoAX^p- 

stTB BO ^TO $11 TO HE cxairo BTo conpoTHBJieBie Ha UBpeneficROiTB 

nojyocrpoB^— TaROBa 6Eua sa^^a BejuBHrroHa, t^itb 6ojiie Tpjfr 

Has, ^To CO108HHRH ero, HcnaHi^u h nopiyrajBi^ii, 6ojihme v/bmBjoij 

^iiTB noMorajB eiiy; ^to co6cTBeHHiifl ero cbjiu 6eijh Rpafine ne- 

SHavHTeJUHu; ^to anrjificRoe nEHHcrepcTBO se Bcer^a noHBMajio 

ero luaHH e oxqaflBajocB HHor^a vh ero ycnix'i^; nro aHnificRoe 

o6iaeciBeHHoe MH^nie ^acro ynpeRajo ero vb 6e3;3'£ftcTBiH, vb ne- 

pr&mBTeiBHOCTH ^)j ^To npoTHBi» Hero 6uJiE HanpaBjiseMH ojsfiwb 

ga ^yrsirB, ci> CB^bsHHH CBJiaicH, iiyqmie MapmajiBi Hanoieona. 

Bhxth no6%ABTejieirB est* bc£xi btbx'b saxpyAHeBifi hosho Chulo 

TQjLSO cb noMoniBH) crporo o6;[yMaHHofi e nocji'i^AOBaTejBHO npo- 

Be;«eHHOfi BusB^aTejiBHOfi cflcreiiu, Roropaa tohbo laRse cooxBii- 

OBOBaja xapaxiepy e ycjiOBuocB EcnancRofi BOftHu, RaRi cm^joctb 

s) Bon DOAiHHHHfl CJiOBa BeuHHTTOHa no dTOMj npexMeiy, BBjrnui hsi imcBMa ero 
B OXBOMy wn ^jeHon nopryraibCKaro pereHTCTBa: „ecjiH ESXb yxacTCJi yxepsBaTBOi b^ 
QopTfimxiv, Boina na IlBpeHeicKOMi noiyocrpOB^ ho npeKpaTHicfl — a on npoxoise- 
Ml em zMMMCwn cnacenie EBponu**, 

^ jfio MBiiiii) Bctob BoeHHHxi H HOBoeHHHxi JDXoft,— iiHCaxB BeuEBrTOHy lopx^ 

JmifmjMh wh >apTi 1810 r^ — maHCH ycnimHofi sanoiTii f^n Baci lasB HeBejraKH, vny 

: a ae orkv eovbroBaTb Bam cxijaTB nonuTKy OTqaaHBaro conpoTHBJieftLi". H^ceoibbo 

BeuBBrroHi iracarb JEBepnyis: ,yfl seai), hto lOHAOHCuft o6niHHHHt cob^tb 

Baasa^eHiii cjixcTBifl naxo mhod... fl roroBi nacTB xepTBot 9thxi JDxefi, ho 

aoBaa ooacHOCTB ae nyraerb Meaii, h a ocxaHycb Ha CBoeuh ificrl, HcnoiHD CBoft 

% xo Bo&um ^ero 6h ii^;^ bto hh ct6hj[o1'. 

Tom L— flHBiPB, 1876. 15 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



226 BMTHHKl IBPOHH. 

H ^EiCTpora HaTHCRa, npociaBEBinifl renepa^a BoeanapTO — xapas- 
Tepy H jcjtovisiwb HrajBAHCBOft RaKnaHiE 1796 ro^a. «yxe ^ 
1809 r.,— roBopHTB Jlan^^pe, — BHHHaTejiBHHfi Ha(JjMo;[aTeja mofb 
6u saM^THTB vh udjio H3F]^CTH0ii% 611^6 reHepaji'i^ Bi^pnocTB cya^e- 
mji, xoJiOAHyH), HeyRpoTHMjH) BOJH), 6osbmj¥> BjracTB najcB xpj- 

FEME E HaA'B CaMElTb C060K), 3a60TJIEBOCTb CBOEXl, HeCTHOe OT- 

HomeHie vh npoTHBHERaM'B, npespi^me Kb mapjaTaHESMyy OTBpaqe- 
Hie OTib BCflRaro pECROBaHHaro npexnpiflruar, xots 6si oho Eorio 
ysejORETB ero cjiasy,. yir6Hi>e opEHEifaTB cpasenifl ne Eea^e, isxsi 
o6e8ne?EBi sa co6oh) Bdb maHCu ycnixa, yAEBEre^BHoe ECBycciBO 
Vb opraHEsaAiE o6opoHu. 3aM^TE6i> Bce 9to, ohi noHAj'B <$ei, mo 
^paniuH FiirleT^ onacnaro Bpara, e ?to AHrjiia, ne nepecraBmai 
en^e oHJiaRBBaiB TTHTra e HejiBCOHa, ohatb Hanuia MeAoemm*. — 
«B^ cpaBHeniB cb noBejErejeMi Ebpoeh, — HEiaearB mu vb ;^pY- 

VOWb iriCT*, BejJLBHTTOH'B (bX 1810 r.) SHa^EJTb, nOBESHMOliyj 

o^eHB HeMHoro; ho ohi npeffcraBJAJTB co($ok) HpaBCTBeHnyio cei; 
Bi* ($opB($t CI rpy(5ott cHJioft ^Ecja e BceMoryn^ecTBa. Ha ero cio^ 
poH']^ 6iua He tojibro npaBom ;^ja, BoropoHy owb cjysMXbj hc 
H ^peBOcxo;^CTBO npoHHitaTejiBHocTE, npeAycMorpErejiBHOCTE, ocropoa^ 
HOCTE, CHORoflHofi^ HenpeRwioHHOfi p^iEBHOCTE, 6o.iBniExi pesyiBTE^ 
TOB%, Ao6EiBaeMHX'B MajLUMH cpeACTBaifE^ BejJEHrroHy upvEdLj^t 
SETB saciyseHHafl c^aBa nepBaro p^niflTejBHaro yAftp^, HafleceHj 
Haro noAaBJiflH)n^eMy Moryn^ecTBy Hanojeona. RoHenHO, naj^emi 
Hanojeona 6ujio nenocpeACTBenHO BHSBano boShok) cx Pocdet; h< 
KTO snaerE, na^ajiacB ze 6ii era BOfina, ecxE&b ne sej^HOi 
ocrpie, yate vb 1810 ro^y BBej^enHoe bi tfOR-B ROJiocca h napajBSO 
BaBmee ero ABEsenifl?* 

En^e 6oAie osececroTOHHUMi HanaAeHiEifB, h^itb BejjHHrroH*^ 
noABeprajiCfl co cropoHii 4>P^^^y^Cl^^^^ ectoperobi BepHa^on^ 
HSi MapmajOBib ^paHi^iE CA'^JiaBiniflcfl RopojeirB niBexcREirB} id 

CnOABESHEROBl HaHOJeOHa — npOTHBHEROlTB ero. IIOBTOpflfl UOB| 

caMoro HanojieoHa, ohe yiBepsAajE, tto BepHa^orrB, bc^itb 062 
saHHiifi HMnepaTopy, sanjaTEjrB eicy caHOio rnycHOK) hsm^hoA 
caMOH) qepHOH) He^jaroxapHOCTBH). Jlan^^pe ocraercE CBotfoAHmrB 4 
OTB aioro yBjeqenifl. Ohx AORasuBaerB ^^aRTaicE, hto HanoJieoBi 
HO j[H)6eji'b BepHaAorra, RaRx e bcIxi xpyrEx-B renepajOBx (Haii| 
oKypAana, SejuepMana)^ ne (JesycjOBHO npeRjOHABniHxcfl nepe^ 
ero BejE^eBTB 2 ne pimaBniEXCE nopBaiB BCflRyH) cbebb cb bocjH 
KEHaHiflME 'peBOJIH)^ioHHa^o BpeHenE. dacjiyraiTB BepHaxorra b 
6iiJia OTAaBaena cnpaBe;^EBOCTB, ohi 6hijrb Hapo^HO oroABHraev 
Ha BTopoft njiaHi, ycTpaHfleirs orb A^^mrejiBHaro y^aciiE vb npe^ 
npiflriflxii EMnepaiopa. Uoc^ cpaseniji npn Barpani oh% 6hj 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HIPBAfl HMnSPIJI. 227 

jIueffB B3% apMiH— 3a to^ ^to ny6jnqHo BiipasHJn 6jiaroAapHocT& 

doejiy Kopnyey, HaM^peHHO safiiiTOMy HumepaTopoMi bi noxsa- 

ATb xHeBHoro npHRasa. Bi MOMeHTB onacHOciE HanojieoHi Bcno- 

hqltb o HeiTb h nopywjn eny BOHaH^^OBaeie na^i BoficBOii'B, co- 

(ipaHHiurB no cjiynsuo BEicajiBH anrj^HaHi na ocrpoB^ Baixepeni; 

aa laKB tojibbo onacHOCib MHHOBaia, BepHaAorrB 6uji'b HeMexJeHHo 

oraBaffb on CBoero nocra ^), HasHaqeHi rytfepHaxopoM'B Pmfa, sa- 

itirb esopo jiEmesB h sioro SBama. EaHAHAaxypa EepHaAorra na 

iniejpifi npecTOiLi BOSHHSJia ne tojbko noMBMO Hanojeona, ho 

j/oK npoTHBi ero boih; ero BHHAH^^axoM'B 6hLJiT> KopojaiB A&TCsiB, o 

AoopoirB He xorljii h csBimaTB moeACBift napoffB. Arennb, boto- 

povy BepHaj^OTTB nopyHHJi cnoco6cTBOBaTB no;rB pyBOK) HdtfpamK) 

m) vb HaoatA^HSH Kopojfl Kapja XIII, yi^xaji^ vb CxoBrojBurB 

(SesB fi^AOMa HMnepaTopa; Bor^a nocji^AHifi ysHaJii o6'b ero otb- 

fe;ii, owb nocn'iniHJi'B npeAynpeAHXB 4>P&Hi^8CBaro nocjiaHHHBa fb 

CroKTOJi^if^, HTO nojiHOMO^ift on ^^pani^yscBaro npaBHiejiBCTBa arenrB 

aron HHBaBHX'B ne HM^^erB. Ha HSB^iDteHie o cocrojiBiiieMCfl bs- 

tfpamH EepnaAorra Hanojieoai OTB^qaji Bopojiio cyxnurB h xojojfr 

mash nHCBMOiTB, na nncBMa canoro EepHaxorra ne OTB^najE'B bo- 

Bce. EciH npH^aBHTB BO BceMy aioMy, hto penyxaiua BepHa;^o^^a, 

lasi onHTHaro h HCBycnaro noJiBOBOw&j 6hiA9k cocxaBJieBa en^e bo 

BpeKfl peBoaioipoHHuxa^ boShi, ^to owb npn ABp^BTopiH saHHMaji'B 

jiOJXHocTB BoeHHaro MHHHCxpa, xo BonpocB npaBax-B Hanojieona 

Ha 6jaroAapH0cxB BepHaAorra pasp^fflsxcfl caifB co6ok). 

BesnpHCxpacxie Jlan^pe Bu^epmajio HCiiHxaHie eii^e 6oJi^e xpyx- 
Hoe; OHO He ocxasHJO ero h xor^a, Bor^a eiiy npHnuocB roBopHXB 
FepMamH, o niimaxx. BocnoMHHame o Boftni 1870 — 71 r. 
nroriteTB, Bone^HO; h naAi* Jlan^pe; ho oho Bnymaexi eny ne 
paaxpftseHHUfl buxoabh npoxHBi» uo&bjijnejieltj a 6ojFbe flCHoe co- 
saame omH($OB% caiiofi ^pani^H fb npomeAnieirB, cja^Hxi ciopoffB 
ea wh BacTOflHieMi. Yxe fb npejgi&iOBiH ohi hpoboahtb mucjb, 
TO) y^HXBor cjAfjerb h y BparoBi; hxo npHMip^, no^aBaenHft 
jDOf qacro npHHaA^esHxi vb hecsj ;(paroi^HH^finrax!B ypoBOFB 
BCTopiH. «3aTpyAHeHie, — roBopaxx ohb, — saBJioqaexca ne bi. xoitb, 
TO)(ia BHCiaBHTB Ha bba:b noAo6Hiie ypoBr, xpy^HO nafixB nsjjfjo 
Wctaro^uiO MyxpyK), Tro6ii BucjyniaxB hxi, b ^ocxaxo^HO nyse- 
QBeHHyx), ^xo6£i BocnoiBsoBaxBca bmb». CjOBa axB, o^eBB^Ho, o($pa- 
KB $paH^iB, jsft CEXb nopi> CjiBfliBOMii BipBBmeft vb ce6fl, fb 



I) ^ Be Mxkn noBOxa n neyxoBOibCTBiK) npoTiui npHoi^ noere-KopBO (Bepea- 
jBn^ — BBC&n no 8TOM7 cxyHai) HanojieoHi, — bo a ne c\en BoaMozHHifb ocraBHTb 
eton ioie6iDiinix€J MB^Hift bo nasi MBoro^HCxeHBaro Boficia''. 

15* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



228 B^THilS'b EBPOnH. 

CBOH CHJiu, wto^u otfpan^aTB 6ojiBmoe BHHMame na sh3hi> f^jvm 
Hapoj(OBi. CocTOflHie yuovh bo $paHiuH npe HanoJieoH^ I xam 
JlaH^^pe noBo;^ ysasaTB, bt* EaBBM'B nocjiijkcmawh npEBowi 
HauioHajBHafl saMKHyrocrb, AOBe^eHHaa fp BpafiHHXi npexiliOBi. 
«noA'B B^iflHieM'b BuraficBofl ct^hh, npoBeAeHHoS BORpyn laa 
npejipascyAKaMH h ;^ecnoTH3MoirBy ^^paHiQrscKifi jwb otfixsirB h 
CA&tajcfl 6e8iLiOAHiiM'B. JleTepaxypa H8Aiixa;ia noA'B XBofiHun me- 
ToiTB nopflAKa Ben^efi, BpasAefinaro BCflEOHy yMCTBeHHOMy pise- 
hIk), h ysRaro, (|K)pMajrHCTisqHaro Rjiaccni^HSMa, xaBHO yse xeps&B- 
marocfl He 6jecKowb CBoaxi npoBSBexeHifi, a tojibko CBoeio Herep- 
nHHOCTBK). 9x0 6uz2i BaBi-6Bi RaseHHaa jBTepaiypa, cosAaHHai no 
oijpasi^y TorxarnHJiro no.iBXH^ecKaro odm^ecTBa, CBflsaHHaa yciOB- 
HtiMH Tpe6oBaHiflMn, o^Hi^iajibHUME ^^opuyjiaMH, pas^ Bascerxa 
npHHflTUira THnaMB, bh£ soxopux'B He hobbojajiocb HyBCTBOBan i 
MBicjiHTB. Ona OTjra^aiacb cyxocTBK), OAHOo6pa3ieirB h jsjACujimmoi 
aAMBHEcrpaTHBHaro y^pesAemn. HanpacHO 6ujlo 6ii HCBaib n uei 
xapaBTepBCTH^ecBHX'B npH3HaB0B'B Hai^ionajiBHaro ;[yxa ^paiQii: 
OHa BocnpoHSBOABJia ero ycrap^jiufl 4^opMu, no 6e3i> lOt shshe, 
BOTopoK) OH']^ H'iBorAa 6ujE OAymeBjeHLT. nsB^CTH^flnrie iipexaa- 
BnraiH ea — Jl^ejH^ab, ^oHiaffB — coeAHHfljH CojBmoe MaciepaBO bo 
BHifflHHX^ jiBxepaxypHHX'B npieMaxi ch nojiEuwb orcyrCTBieirb Bffii- 
HOBenifl* OpsrHHajibHocTB, CHjy, cB^secTB mosho HaflTH tojbro y 
nncaTe^efi) AO^ro AuniaBuraxi ApyrnMi BOS^Qn^OMi — y IIIaTo6piafla, 
^S>03e^ A6-MecTpa, BensaMeHa EoHCTana, madame fje-Crtuh. Pac- 

BpUlie HOBBIXI rOpBSOHTOB^, HOBBIXl BJlfiH H ^piTBy BHaSOXCIBO 
Ch HOBHMH COBXaHiflMH nOdBiH, jqpaMBI, ^BJIOCO<{>iB, HCTOpiH, 6lU0 

eAHHCTBeHHuirb cpeACTBOMi BOBBpaTHTB ^paHiQ^cBOMy yiffy eciH He 
npesHH)K) opHrHHajiLHOCTb, TO no Bpafineft uipb xBop^ecByH) auj- 
Jlymnuwb ;^0Ba3axeJIbCTB0M'B axoMy c-iyatHx^ y;^HBHxejbHHll nojerb 
^pasiQrSCBOfi Muc^B B^ BBOxy pecxaBpai^^is, saBOb xojibBO nail 
nperpaAu, utmaBmiH flapymnoMy B03;iyxy npoHBRaxB bo ^paai^H). 
IIpHroTOBHXb xaEoe npofiyaAeflie Ha^ioHaJIbHa^o ;^yxa 6ujo a'^jbd 
madame ;^e-CTaJb, B0^;^a oaa, bx coTOHeeiH CBoeirb «de rAlfe- 
magne») B3o6pasajia yncxBeHHoe Bosposs^^eme FepMaHiH bx EOHi(i 
XYUI-ro B^Ka, ci ero hobumb xnnaMH, otfHOBjeHHUMH j^pMam 
BpacoxBi, sBBHM'b ^yBcxBOM'b npHpoAu, r.iy6oBHMx, xoxa H CTpafi- 
HHMi MipocosepitaHieMX, oahhmi cjiobomi, cb tImh Hao^HHsaifli 
^aHxasin h mhcjh, KOxopfciMx hms — Ffixe, HlHj-iep'B, JlecciHri, 
EaHi'B, $Hxxe, FepAepx... 3xhm'b cjaBHHM'B Boat^aMx cBOHirb Fep- 
Maeifl 6u;ia o6fl3aHa x^mx, hxo bt> nepBtifi pa3i> nocjrl jkOJLTOi je- 
xaprin no^yBcxBOBaja cetffl Ha^ieft — h hoboc nyBcxBo 6iijo t8bi» 
CHJiBHO, Hxo nepeasHJO Bci yAapsi, naHeceHBue FepMaHiH Hanoieo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nspBAA Hinspifl. 229 

no. On paspifeaji'B ee he Rycsa, H3rHUi hjq uojffiyaujrh ea 
soai, yHiqroxflji ea Apeemfl ynpesAeHiji, KasHHXB es naTpio- 
nn; HO HlMii[Kr HamiH Ras:B-6u BTopoe ore^ecTBO bi cBoeft jh- 
nptiypl, noxxepsHBaBmeft nai^ioHajiBHoe ^^jbctbo h spasxy k'b 
ijfzeseKiiairb. ,21jxi ocrajicfl cbo6oxheimi> nox^ ysaMH, CBOBOBaB- 
sm liiO; H crpana noxHfljaiacb vb 1813 r* ($oj^e hojhok) 
nm, ^iiTB Rorxa 6ii to hh 6tiJ0.,. RHnra madame xe-CrajB 
(tun icaojHeHa coTjrBcrBifl Kb noxaBJieHHOMy H^iieitROMy napoxy; 
HO m BOBce He SHaHirrB, hto6u cnpaBexjnsi 6wL'h ynpesi^ 6po- 
DKind Bi nee GaBapa no npHKasaHiio Hanojeona — ynpes'B vb 
iwenrrt naipioTHSMa, vb oxcyrcTBiH ^^paeiQrdCBaro xy^a. Hanpo* 
vn TorO) Kasxaa crpaHHi^t arofi rhhph npoHHRHyia Ba^ecTBOMiy 
fpttiorscBHifB nonpeHMyn^ecTBy, BaqecTBom, soropoe $paHi](ui coxpa- 
lua cpexH Bc^x'B cbohxi BcnuiaHifi h sa ROTopoe ee ysasajH 
loe Bpani esL—sMUKodtftuieMZy Taxi acho BiipasHBinHMCJi vb Rpe- 
aomxi noxoxax'E, vb cosxaniH pui^apcTBa, vb BoHwk sa HesaBH* 
cnocn AMepHRH h, na HanuirL r^iasaxi^ vb HrajnbflHCRofi boBb^ 
1859 T. ^a, Bcropifl j^oislesl npHsnaTB aro z% \iecTH naiUH, to 
tammh npeBOSHOCHifoft^ to Hepe3% M^py nopHi^aeMofi: m^ $paH- 
qi miMCJi rojioci Kb san^ffry nodtsxeHHHX'B, hsi ^paHiuff 
^qwraHyra pyRa bx'b Hec^acTBio, bo ^paB^iE, ne cipamacB 
Md, npoFiTCTBOBajni &bfptByv>mjv)f yeHseHHyK) FepMamH)! 
CbrHlMini HaxoxflTB, hto cy^RxeHui o hhxi madame xe-CxajiB 

Iflnrh H3;iHniHeft CHHCXOXHXejIbHOCTbH), HTO OHa CJHmROMl XBa- 

Jw BtMe^KyH) AO(5poTy, ffbicei^Roe npocrocepxe^e, tto eeAUKodtf- 
^ es qacTO BpexmrL ea npoHHi^iTejBHOCTH. Hacroan^H) icipy xo* 
(^xfcejH, TporaTeju>Hoe, 6jiaropoxHoe npeyBejiH^eeie Roropofi mu 
■WL y madame xe-CTajB, niMciu nexaBHO HM^jin cjiyqaft no- 
ttsaa HaMi... HO OfiH He coqjm Hy»Hiiin» iiphco^hhhtb 9T0Tb 
TPon xo Bc^iTB liiTB, ROTopue OHH HaMi x&JH»! Fopeu ynpoRa, 
vuD^aDD^arocfl vb arax'B nocji'bxHHX'B cjoeaxi, qyBOTByercfl 
ifaa CHJibBte, qtiTL cxepataHH^e ^^opna, bx RoropoS ohi Bupa- 

Cua Hai^ioHajiBHsix'B npexpascyxROB^, Ha^ioHaJnbHa^o cano- 



Bo uonixi KpjTwrh Mtcian CBoei KHHrH JaH(])pe oraocHTCx ci nojumn co- 
^TKnien n BosposxenD ooiimi^ecKoft xhsbh vh FcpMaHii, n BHyrpeHHeft npeo- 
^ptMiiiejuofi pa5ort, BBSBaHHofi bi IIpycdH BaTacTpo<^ft 1806 r^ x&se Kb Tasmn 
*Kiiai, lan caiiOBOibHoe noxsaiie HlHiieirB opysu npoTHB'i 4^Hi(iH. IIpaBxay 
■kpwA oiiliiKi arm aBiemi iraoro cnoco6cTBOBai% omm nocitxHefi (|>paBso-repMaH- 
^ioIbb, bo Bpeiu lOTopofi (|>paHuy3CBJe BoiOHrepa HcnHtaiEBa ce6t bcd TamecTb 
^'cimbI cHcrexH, BnpadoraHBofi nepBoi) mraepiei) n 6opfc(tt ci eiicei^SBin m 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



230 Bwnan iBPomi. 

oCojihTOfimsimKb wzeva, ^T0 aersyio jsfish sanjarajTE efi h JlaH^pe, 
Ban BH AU6B% oETby BOo6mfi roBopa, orE o6u^maTb yBjieHemS 
yssaro naipioTHSMa. Bb tosbko-^o npHBexeHHux'b HaMH pascys- 
Aeniflxi no noBo;(y RHHrH madame xe-GraiB, npHBaxiesantm sh 
^HCjy jy^mErE crpaHHi^ coHHHeHifl JlaH^^pe, pisBBirb fficcoHaH- 
coMi sBy^HTb crapoe, HS^HToe o6ii;ee x^cto o BejHBo;iymiH ^i- 
i](y8CKaro napoAa. UpoaBjieHie 8Toro BeiEBOAyinifl Jlan^^pe bmhtb 
BB ToiTB, irro madame xe-CiaA ee y6ojuacB BiipasiiTB coHjBcrne 
Kb FepHaHiH be to canoe Bpeiui, Bor^a FepMaHifl Gojsl jTrsereia i 
noAaBjena HanojieoHOM'B. Ho pasei madame xe-OraiE xoseti 
611TE pascMaTpHBaena BaBi npexcraBHTejEHHi^a ^paHiQrscBaro na- 
poAa? Efl o6padi Muciefi, be sxy anoxy^ xftJi^KO ee 6uji% nony- 
jFflpeffE; efl mh^ui pasx^juux tojeko Hetfojamofi spysoiCE joi^, 
ee OKpyaBaBmHxi, spysoKE^ HM^Bmifi BecEMa najio otfn^aro ce (Soje- 
mHHCTBOMi Tor^iamHefi ^^pam^yBCBOfi HHTei[JHTeH^iH. Tarn epHH^- 
Hiifl HB^eBifl, o^eBHABO, He HoryrE cjiysHTE ocnoBaHieM'E ^la la- 
paKTepflCTHBH i^'6jiaro napoxa. IIpoTecrE FepBHeyca hjh SX061 
npoTHBE saBoeBaTeAHHX'E TeHAee^ifl coBpeMeHHOfl FepMamH octeb- 
4flerE AueBO sa co6ok), no pfesocni h chj£, onno8H^iH) madame 
xe-OrajiE npoTHBE HanojeonoBCBOll CHcreMii; no ^t6 ci^xoBario 6a 
CBasaxE o&b HcropHst, Boropsift yBHx&rE 611 be otoite npoiecrl bu- 
paseeie hcthhbux'e qyBCTBE Boero repMaecxaro napo^a? Bi iiaoci 
4^paHi^3CBaro o6mficrBB, o6paBE x^tciBifi Hanoieona I oTHOCHieibHO 
FepMamH, 6en coMnbHia, BOd^ysxajrE ciojie se naxo HeyxoaojiE- 
CTBifl, xaBi vb Macci H^Mei^Baro otfn^ecTBa — o($pa9E ^Bcraift 
EncMapBa OTHOCHxejibHo ^paniuH nocjii Boinn 1870 — 71 r. 
H dTO coBepmeHHO noHHTHO, noroiiy hto napox^, sas^E i^oe, 
A^fiCTByerE nox> BjianieirE crpacrefi hjih HnrepecovE, ocraaisD- 
WfiTb Majsio M^bcra aia BeiHBOxynria; jifoae yBjeienie Hxeett, bob* 
MosHoe BE p^xiue, HCBJio^HTejiEHHe HOMenru napoAHOfi xibhh, 
ocraeicfl tfesBopucTHHirE TOJiEBO xo x^xi nopE, noaa ne nacrynaeii 
o^n^ectBjieHie efl na npaBTHB'i. ^ocraio^iHaHi noxTBepsxeHieici 
8T0My cjysHTE BCfl HCTopifl peB03K)^ioHHux'E boHh^. Bi npHxipi' 
j^pani^cBaro BejHBOxymifl— jlan^^pe, Bpoici bhhth madame ft 
Ciaib, npHBOXHTE BpecTOBHe noxoxEi, cosxanie pu^apcTBa, boAhj 
3a HesaBHCHMOCTE AiiepHBH H HxajEflHCByH) BoftHy 1859 r. B^ 
BpecTOBUxi noxoxax'E y^acTBOBajiH wA sanaxHo-eBponefiCBifl ro- 
cyxapcTBa, pm^apcxBO npo^B^feTaJO ne be oxhoA ^parnvn; no^eiiy 
JIaH(j[)pe ciaBHrE hxi vh cneAiajEHyio sacjyry ^^P^^^y^caoMy na- 
poxy — BTO XM Haci He cobc^m-e noHarno. ^a h HesaBHCHMO ote 
4dTorO) He cjHmBOM'E jiH npocro o6i»flCHeHie, npexJiaraeicoe JlaH^pe 
Xia laBHTE flBJiemfi, aaai piii](apcrBo h specroBHe noxoxH? Ha- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



niPBiJi HMnsPLi. 281 

jmi Ch xopomHMH no6ysAeHiflMH, ne nrpaiH jh vl bex'b pou 
jfjmy xeH^e CjieciuinjiE eiopoHii ^ejioB^^ecBOft npspoAu? He 6iiue 
n OHH ecrecTBeHmurB pesyaBxaxoMi t^x'b ycjiOBitt, cpejo^H BOxopux'B 
losHinuH? He pysoBOXHJiH jih RpeciOHoci^aMH, BpoM^ pejHriosHaro 
^peiB&j JUUBA& npEKJOO^emft, sBLBas^h ao6u^h, Bjeqeme otb Tflse- 
joO, 6eisnfiibTEoi A^ftcTBHTeiiBHOCTH £1 saMaHUBiuTB Mupasaii^b 
or^^maro Bocrosa? y^aciie $paH^iH vh boSh^ m HesaBHCBMOCTB 
daqMhaMepHKaHCBEXi mraxoBx o6ycJOBJUiBajocB npeHMymecrfieHHO 
BliOBBirE conepHH^ecTBOH'B $paH^i^ h AHmH. Ecjih othochtb 
8B]j«a8irB Jlaj^afiera h ero cnoxBHSEHBOBi bk ^eciH scero 4>PftH- 
i(F8aaro HapoAa, to He npHxercfl jh npHsnaTB BejHBOAymie otjh- 
QiejBHOiD ^epTOK) H aHTJEHasB — noTOMy iTO JopKh EaftpoHi H 
JVfrie ^uajLieHu cpasajracB sa HesaBHCHKocTB Fpei^iH, — h majibflH- 
ipi, noTOMy HTO rapii6ajiBAn n rapH6ajiBjufii](£i nocn^mEiH na sa- 
npiy ^paHiQrBCBofi pe€iiy6j[HBu npoxHsi repMaHCsaro sofiCBa? Hpn- 
msij BH3BaBTnig HiajiBflHCByK) BaimaHiH) 1859 r., cjHinBoirb 
BBkiHB; JuofiomiTHO 6ujio 6u tojbbo ysHaiB, cor^acHJiHCB jh 6hi 
saipxHHBH resHca o BaiHBOAynuH $paHi(iH BosBpaxHTL HiaiiH Ca- 
BoSx) I Hmwy, nojiy^eHELui otb nefl vb narpaAy sa noMepssy 
ei npoTHRB ABcrpiH? Hensfl He noasejiaTB, ^to6u ^paHiQ^scBie 

BCtOpiBH H ny^JHipCTH CfipOCHiLH Cb Ce6fl BaKB MOSHO CBOp^ 

(pem npeABdflTuxi Hxeft h xoxahhx'b 4>P^^^? saB^j^aHHuxi hitb 
H^WBHXMi rocnoACTBoiTB inoBHHHSMa. GepBesHue, HecTHue TpyAH, 
^ poxi coHHHemfl JlaH^^pe, cnoco($CTByK)TL AOCTHseniK) arofi JS^bjoL 
9ze Torxa, Bor^a caicE ne bhojih']^ cbo6oxh£i otb crapHHHaro na- 
iQOHaiBHaro HeAOcraxBa ^). 

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*) nepiiie lezape toma Bcropui HanojeoHa, IaB4»p6, oepeBexeHH la pycciii asHc^ 
100 peimuei A. A4ftHftcMBa-H7aK6KHCKaro, ■ uxmh M. Boji^ioin: 1870^1873 r. 



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HAYKA H IHTEPATYPA 



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COBPEMEHHOfl AHrilH 

IlHCBMa Hsi AeriiH. 



HHCBMO TPETbE *). 

I. 

1) G. H. Jjewes: Problems of Life and Mind, l-st Series: the Foandation of a 
Creed. London. Trttbner and C». 1875., 2 vol., 472 h 642 pages.— 2) John Fitle: 
Ontlines of Cosmic Philosophy, based on the Doctrine of Evolution etc. Lon- 
don. Macmillan and C^; 1874, 2 vol in 9^, 463 and 528 pages. 

Bi J[oHAOH% cyn^ecTByerB xvisoBHHHaa BiicraBRa pixsociet, lo- 
TopyK) anrjiiaraaHe, o6opoTOMi p^qn, cBoficTBeHHHirB hxi Bzsaj^ 
HESHBanrB * Madam Tussaud's*. Tairs. nosasuBaiOTCfl pasju^He 
npexHeni HecoMriHHofi HCTopHvecRofi ^(octob^phocte^ juaorb (ffh 
EacTHjiH, rHjBOTBHHuft pibsei^, OTpy^BBinifi roJOBy JIioxoBHsy XVI) 
Bapera Hanojeona I, BaSAeHnafl Ha noxb cpasema nps Baxepioo 
H np. Ho 9T0 BTopocreneHHtifl npEHaAJeKHoera. FjiaBHafl «npi- 
naHBa* sasjio^aeTCfl bi^ BHcraBR'b MHoromcaeHHiirB BOCsoBarB 
^HrypB, B8o6pasaH)niHrB HcropH^ecsHxi ih^b nponuaro h hh- 
FbmHaro BpeHeHx. TyrB mh bhxhitb cotfpaeie BopoHOBaHHUXi jrai(^ 



*) Cm. BHme: ii>», 180 crp. 



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fl9ioin^ reeepajiovB, SHajieHHTiix'B BejiBsaHOBi h napjiEROBi. Botl, 
ofoposHTejBHaff Mapifl OnoaprB cjiymaerB nponos^xB Hosca, pa- 
xnn cb BojiBTepoBCL, jK)6e3HO npejiciaraion^EirB vfiibTo%T> BaRoft- 
m6jjk xapsHst AK)-niaTje. EaaeHi pascysxaerB cb HapmajoicB 
lan-MaroHOiTBy senoAajeBy orb FeHpHxa YIII, Heno^BHSHO croa- 
wfxo Mes^ AhhoS 5ojieH% h RaTepHHoft FoBap^^B, Hsyiuaio- 
ipxd TOMy, HTO y HHx'B Ha njeHax'B cHOBa Bpacyiorca hxx npe- 
AQBHi rojOBBH. EcTB A^xB cTapsitt BBascpB, vh npH^ecB*! H 
mink 4^paHKjiHHa, Boropuft Bpeiifl otb BpeneHH aBToxaxH^CBH 
DOM^HHBaeTB rojOBy nanpaBO h naxi^BO h sacoBHBaeTi vh 
CBOiBocsoBOfi HOCB n^enoTBy HCTopHqecsaro latiasy. B'b oxhomi 
jnj saiH opsecTpB HcnoiHaerB CHii^HiK), npHHHMaioii^yH) no 
tdniDel qacTH xapasrepB noxopoHHaro Mapma. Dopoio KysiiBa 
«iiBiieiai, H Baasercfl, ^to botb cefi^acB bc^ bth seHn^nmi vb 
MinoiiiiHiiixrB Bocnoiiaxi, Bck bth sopojiH h renepajin nycrarca 
mofSBOb BaiBCB HiH BaxpiuB. Ho, yBul Taaei^'B CMeprs — exHH- 
msBBsA Tanei^, hitb npHJiH^Huft. Co6paHie (SessHSHenHo h ho- 
lopssBo: wkrh shbhh vb cxeBJiflHHiix'B rjasaxi^ cepxi^e ne ^Berca 
» TpyiH WHX'B Hy^eJTB. OXHH TOJBBO «iTH, ocjrIiLieHHua nHmHO- 
cn» m jxpsfflm^y cnpaniHBaK)TB, no bhxox^ hs^ sajon «ht6 ohh — 
nun?* 

beHHo, noAOiJHoe ase sp&rHn^e osHxaerB Heciacrnaro, soro- 
pA 00 Heo5xoxHifoCTH HJiH no xo6pofi bojA nycaaerca fb o6jacTB 
n^nsH. TaiTB Tose bo bc6x:b yrjiax^ h saBoyjsaxi rpoMOs- 
met HenoxBHSHBia, na OTBexeHHuxi hmi M^crax'B, h noxB arEser- 
Mc Hxea, npsHHHa, «Ding an sich*, h bca OHTOJorH^ecBaa CBEia. 
iwn Bce 9T0 BaaieTca peajtBHinrB, ho, noxoflxa tfjEse^ BEXEmB, 
^ auQHB Bcix'B 9TBXI cosxamfi npHspa^Haa: Bce aio cytfieBTHB- 
ooBx^nia, BEnnexmia hsx Mosra Mera^ESHBOBi^ noxo($Ho Tony, 
> BocioBHa 4>HrypH bbiulie nn pyBi xyxosHEaa. Yse ffifb 
ipi nKspa Jiirh n^oropiie ifBiciflrejiH ynopeo BHraHxrB bi 
c^parB, HO HH^ero ho x^^^^ tfesnaoxnaa no^aa, necMorpa 
Bd ycuiia: HHiero, apoM'i npEspa^Hux^ cyn^eciBB^ BoropuBfH 
» y^puocB HaoejmiB 9th nycrtiHH, ocraionpaca, oxnaso, ism.% h 

P|tt|e, GeSMOlBHHME. 

KtsajocB 6uj HEBasfB nejiBBfl oaraxarB, hto Jl^sopsi JIbidhcb 

HH6yxB nonaxeiTB fb 9Ty Baieropiio, h ecja a OTBosy eny 

nepBoe ufbao fb HacroaoieirB BpHTE^ecBOirB otfsopt, to ho 

paxE Toro, m6 owh cxibajTB, cbojibro paxn loro, ht6 oh^ 

cx&iaTB. K'B TOMy se, ohb saHEHaerB bexhoo m^cto bi 

^oco^ROft niBOJii sx^mEeft crpaHu: eme ero npEBOxarca 

iffmHHO BCJiix> aa EiieHaiiE AaeacaHxpa Bana e rep6epTa 



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2M mmEEXJb ebpoiih. 

CneHcepa. yiri^HHHfl noci^xoBaTaiB h nosjOHHHB'B BoHift, om 
oco6eHHe npocjiaBEJca ceoeft Hcmopieil ^UAOco^Uy Boropyio nxan 
vh 1845 r., H KB 1871 r. oea Biimjia ^eTBqrriiirB HsxameiTB ^). 
B:b aroiTB coqEHemH, paBHO Rasi h fb couHemH o(^ ApHcroreiiy 
HsxaHHOiTB vh 1864 r., jse 6iijih saiiiTHii h^kotopha hsb tch- 
xeH^ift9 hbih£ BnojiH'6 o^HapysHBmHxcfl, neny neASfl yxHBimci, 
Borx^ SHaemB) hto aBoopi 6ui'b csa^aia BOcropseHHuirB nouOH- 
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CTOJBKO Se, CROJIBKO H B^ yifOSpHTeAHOft ^^HJIOCO^^ill. 

Ho nepBaa jrao6oBB Bcerxa SHBy^a! Ki xoify ase, laBpn Fep* 
tfepia CneHcepa aojisho Chtb ne xaBajra eny cnaiB: ocjiiiueHHHft 
noO^AaMH coBpeHeHHOfl nayRH^ owb noAynajirB, tto Haciyinu'B xo- 
HeHTB ocHOBaxB ^EzocoiffUD, — it6 sl roBopio! HOByH) B^py, Eny no- 
xasaiocB xasse, kb Hec^aeruo, tto ^Hjoco^ifl He MOserB o6oflTici» 
6en Mera^HBHKH. Ho rasi aaa^B ohi cmsuHevb ce&i qeJiOBteom 
HaysB, TO H saxyuaxB npeotfpasoBaTB Mera^HSHBy, npHaosiBi n 
Heft HayiHiifi ueroxh. H bopb, othhh^ au Hero He cyn^ecreyerb 
nperpa;^x. «TaBH]CB otipasoifB, — BocKiQi^aerB offB,— mi 6y;^eirB o(Ua- 
xaiB MeroxoATB, Eoropiift cany pe^Hiiio cA&^aerB BHpaaemeiCB oinini 
H pascieiTB o6jiaKa TaHHCiBeHHaro h HenocTHSHMaro, BoropEia lasB 
XOJiro cBpsBaiH otb nacB He6eca» (t. I, p. 5). 

HcHxaiom evofi ne ctohtb na cxeneHH naysa: «OHa sazo- 
XHTCfl no^rrH vh tomi se nojoseme, vb BasoirB 6um xmmu ao 
.laByasBe, 6iojions. xo EHma» (p. YHI BBexenui). Mvmch He na- 
CI02BB0 Qiirhy ^To6u BHxaBaTB (x6s sa JlaByasBe j^naoco^ir, ho 
offB HM^» 6u Ha 8T0 HpaBo, ecu^Bi ToiBBO CMy yxajacB ero 
^HJioco^ia. AesapTB h Jlefi^HHiirB ho mofjh cnpaBHtBea cb CBoeS 
saxaqeft) no ero HH^mH), toabo oiroro, ^xo y hhxi ne 6um MerojQu 

SaM^THirB MHMOXOAOM'B, TTO tfOJIBmEHCTBO HOBiftHIHSB l^Ta^HBHSOBl 

Tasse Boo6pasaj[H, hto npHRjiaxHBaK)r& Hayrauft h 8KcnepEMeH< 
Tajn>HHft Meroxi vb ncBXOJioriH h Mera^HBHsi. AnoprB Bospasaen^ 
no OHH He xoraxajHCB npoBecre CAifjJomfie pasrpaHH^emey na 
soiopoMib, no ero uabmOj onnpaeiai Bce sxanie ero OTBpmii. Ilpciit- 
iieTB Basx&ro Hsci^xoBamH, roBopnrB owhy sasjoo^aen vb cxH 
rpm TO«H Bpinifl: 1) noAooicumeAbHoe uh HSBicrnoe; 2) j/mg- 



1) ^xoparb renpa Juoici, poxRBiiiiftc« n 1819 r., HacKMnm soisrpai^. I^poidb j 
jiiaiuiHjTBX'& coiKBemft, obi Hsxjan „Sh8hb Po6e<mepa*, ^JR^n Tbrt' (n 1816 h\ 
snoffk odfh BcimHCKoi HcropiiKCBoft xpaxi, „^B8iojoriD o6mffiEUiA ansRH* n npof. 
Obi ocBOBan ^Fortnightlj ReYiew** (1865 r.), ho xaiHO yxe onasaxcx on pe- 
;ukutfB. 



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H17BA H JlHTSPiTyPl B'b OOBFEHEIHOS AHTJIIH. 235 

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lopiifl M02&H0 npoB'ipHTB; 3) uedocmynHoe fsz nosHaHiio (unkno- 
fidble). 9to na^a^o, Koropoe 6e3ycjOBHO He noM&ercfl Hscxi&AOBa- 
HinTB, ocraHercfl nno^eil j^sl OTBjie^eHHux'B jmobi. Ero nasoByrB 
«Metempirical>, h HpeHetfpeseme, ci saEHifB yqenue othochjihcb 
n Mera^^HBHB^, othuh'£ craHerB j^^AOWh lixx, kto ^yxerb ynop- 
cnottTL Bi» Hsy^eniH «Met6mperiqae'n»; HanpHif^pi: «HeTa4^H- 
sneoui ]ipo6jeMii o MaiepiH, chj^^, w^isjiim^ xjisA h np. bc§ 
npeiViaKifliorB djeiieHTH noJiosHTe;ikHO HSBicTHue, dJieMeHTsi, no- 
azmeiciie yMospHrejiBHO h ^yrie crofloiie bfI c^pu, Aocryiraofi 
ooBiy, noJiosHTejBEOMy h^h yMospure^BHOMy* (t. I, p* 47). 

Tyr^ JlbfOHCB, EaKi» GneHceprB h Apyrie, npHSHaerb cyme- 
ciBOBaHie snaiieHHTaro ^HeAOcrynnaro Ri nosHamfo*, Roropoe h 
6?xerb BaMHeM'B npersHOBeHis x>ifl 6ro «MeTOAa». CrajBHBaflCB ci 
ctiaro Ha^aia ci npotfjenofi — soropyH) a ho no6oH)CB nasBaTB 
Hejtnott — peajBHOCTH BH-fcraHaro iripa, offb BootfpaataerB, tto no- 
i^XOHOCHO paspimaerB ee, npoBOsrjiaraaa, qro: «peajbHoe — ©to to, 
v6 on^y^aerca (the Real is that, which is felt). 0($BeRrB flBjiaerca 
W Haci> rfeiTB, Hn^Mi ovh on^n^aercfl hjh nosnaeTca naMH: nosHa- 
Hie ecTB omym^eHie bb cocroflmn BHpryajBHoirB... HnTyHipfl ecTB 
HjBCTBOBaBie OTHomemfi; om^rii^eHie h BHiyHipa BcerAa BzesyrB sa 
co6(A y<$'&KAeHie». H TaaHiii o6pa80MB: «yTOHie, ^pifyjiHpyeMoe 
sjClcB, MoaerB 6htb HasBano coanameJWHUMz peaAusMOMb. Oho 
ouHYaexca otb naTypannaro peajHsna, otb cniiBOJiH^ecRaro pea- 
iBBxa H^ROTopuxB coBpeiieHHax'B MiicjiHTexefi, OTB raxaTejBHaro 
peanaica, pasHO xaRx otb tfessacr^HHEBaro (onhesitating) peajiHsica 
ncmepXHOCTHHx^ yMOBB. 3to y^ane nuTaerca HcnpaBHTB ecrecTBea- 
Hu ujiosiH pasyiia, Ror^a pasyicB np^^pBEHiiaeTB HcnpaBjarB 
ip^XDOJiaraeMyio sjjioaiio YyBCTBB». 

Bee aro npeRpacHO, h mi noHHiiaeirB, Ryxa Be^erB aBiopB. To, 
116 Bcerxa (uysHJio cnopnuMi nyHRTOXB, to, ht6 HecoMH^HHO 
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npHTB yiTB H iiaTepiK) Ban, Toinibe roBopa, cy(^eRTB h otfieRTB, 
A t ne-H. JbioHCB paapytSaen ysejTB, na ManeprB AjeacaHApa, ob 
iQK» TOJiBRopadHHi^efi, ^To HCRpeHHo j^yiiaeTB, 6yAT0 passaaaiB ero* 
3o ero «co3HaTeJBHiifl peajiH8MB», BOTopuff ohb OTXH^aerB h otb 
nffaenHaro peajiBMa b otb tfessaciiH^BBaro, cobc&tb ne pea- 
hskb; noioseaie, iro «peajiBHoe ecTB to, 9t6 oiqyn^aeTCfl», chjuho 
caxKaaeTB na snaiieHHTuft a^pesiTB BepRJiH: «esse — percipi», — 
ten — BHauTB (hiTB onQra^aeMniCB. H A^ftcrBBrexBHo, BAeaiBSBi 
TTBepaMien, ^lo peaxBHociB BniniHaro Mipa 8aRJH)HaeTca exBH- 



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yxBepsxaeTL, hto Bir6 naci caacHxx 6Ctl etItto, m!6 Tasse on^- 
mfnerb h cymecrByert. 

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aaiB, ynoTpetfjifla ero jiH>6HMoe BiipaseHie, r% «C03HaHiH)», boto- 
poe oqyn^aerB. BnpoqevB, hto6ei ueEs, He ysopflJiH bi onntfsi 
HJiH Hero^HOCTH, fl xoBasy aro ^aRTEMH. Mes^y « Problems of 
Life and Mind*, om» pasciiaTpHBaerB, uojiih J& IV, OAsy bsi c&- 
Ksrrb BHa^BTeiBHurB npofi^eM^, o HaTepin h chx6, h npHBOXsTB 
cj§;QrK)ii^ee onpeAiienie lUejiiHHra: «MaTepui eciB ee hto nnoe, 
Rasi yiTB, pascMaTpeBaeMiifi vb paBHOBMa ero cboSctbi*, ^, 
roBopHrB ^BioHCB, KOserB 6tiTB HCTo;isoBaHO TSLKhi «MaTepui ecn 
OQ]^iiieHie, pascMaTpHBaeMoe bi» ero craTHHecsoBrB cocroflHii*. H 
npatfaBJueTB: «cb TasHMi TOiKOBameirB a npHHHiiaK) onpe;^eHie: 
Bce, ^t6 mbi BHaeMi, ecTB on^qeHie h nepen'^na on^^eHifl* (t. II, 
p. 262). ?t6 611 owh HH roBopHJi'B nocjA aroro, a 8to ee hto 
HHoe saB^ HHCT^fimift HAeajiHsifB. 

A BaBoft xoBTpHETl npHHa^JesBTB (^fjiomfie onpexfiieme 
HayRH, SI BOTopoMy OB'S 6^npecTaHH0 BosBpaiuaerca? «fl aeoxHo- 
BpaiHO HacraHBaxB Ha tomi sHaMeHaT^iBHOirB 4^aBT6, hto Hayxa 
ecTB He nepe^a^a x^ficTBHreiBHOCTH, ho HxeajiBHoe nocrpoeHie, co- 
sAaBaeHoe esb ana^iHsa cjioshuxi ABjemft, coBM^n^aeifux'B vb oq^- 
HieHiH h BupasaeMHX'B b^ aiBje^eHHocTfln* (t II, p. 86). Saxaa 
pasHHi^i ci rtiTB onpeA^emeifB, Boropoe 6euo xano Bcero nempe 
roxa Tony Hasax^, bi 4-irB HSAaniH Hcmopiu ^uaoco^u: «BayK& 
ecTB CHCTeMaTHsaitifl HaniHxi sHaeitt flBjeniflX'B, pascMarpHBaeMurB 
masTB ABjieHifl* (t. I, p. YI). 3to onpex^eeie HayqHoe; nepeoezfi 
Mera^j^HSH^ecBoe, hjh, jolkb yroxHO nasBarB ero aBTopy, MeidiuiH- 
pn^ecBoe. H btb dioirB saBifoqaercfi pobobrmi o6pa80)rB ocyxA^Hie 
Bcefi ero CHCreira. Bce aro othochtca b^ otfn^efi jorast, ecJii xo- 

THTB, HO 9T0 HO eCTB HayBE, 8T0 MfiX^ HO eCTB ^EJOCO^ifl, eCJH 

noxi* dTBWh nasBaHieiTB noHHMaTB, BaBi obo h ciixy^TB, i^oe xipo* 
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BUTb flBiemft. CioBoiTB, 810 npesxe Bcero cyfiieBTHBauft nerox^) 
a cy($ieBTHBHtifl Meioxi^ eciB uovem nayBH, ecu ne OTpflqame 

^HJIOCO^tH. 

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nomseniflMH eciB Ben^H o^enB pasyiiHiis. B% nepBoft npofiieirb, 
TpaBiyiooqeft «rpaHHi](arB 8HaHui», ohb pascysxaerB vh fjti 

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fSJfliOTCfl Kpafine npociuHH BCTHHaMn, TaRHMH, BaRiji exexHeBHuft 
mTh 6e8DpecTaHHO noABepraeTB npoB^pR^. Oh'b ^ftse o&hsuiMevhy 
m <MaTeMaTBBa ecxB onuTeafl nayBa, saHmfaion^aflCfl peaiLHHMH 
apejHeraMH, xaKx h BC*;tpym nayBH*, — 1x6 yae cctb npeyBejH- 
^ie FB TOiCB cMiiCJ'6, HTO MareMaTHK^ npHXOAHTca Hifj^ib a^o 
ropas;;(0 (k>JBine cb jioniBOfl fb t^choatb chiicj']^ h OTBJLeveHHOCTBK): 
m vnicrb ch t&itb MOserB cjysHTB npeM'i&pOM'B nyraHei^u, bo- 
TOfyv BjeneTB sa co6ofi MeroAa aBropa, npBSHaioiitaro peajiBHBiMH 
npeperaMH to^bbo cocroBHiB yua; ^pMH hbicjih. 

Hwb He ifen^ H;^eB asTopa B^pna wb cyn^HocTH. Oh^ rasiBe 
opm, Bor^a ocnapBBaerB sHaifeHHToe pasjiHHie Mes^y HCTBHaMH 

BeofoOJ^BMUMH H HCTHHaMH OTHOCHTeJIBHUMfl, yBBSBIBafl HB BejA" 

Dom cBopa H Ha to, ^to bi cyn^HocTB ^btb neotfxoABMo h 6e3- 
TCiOBHo wkpewb xo rlx'B nopx, bbb'b dJieMeHTu, ism> soiopux'B ohb 
ciaraerca, cyntecTByH)nb. «Haqaj[ay<5i(2KAeHiB», «cHja», «npHMHa», 
«a6caiioTB» — boti sarjaBiB ipexi ocrajBHuxx, Ba»HBix'B sbabtb, 

ptSCMaTpflBaeMUX'B M-pOM'B JIb10BC0M1», H nOHBTHO, ^TO fl 0TCTynaH> 

no MHorBifB npH^BHaMi nepe^^B arofl CTpanmofl apMiefi. CBasy 

OJCHasO B^CBOJBBO CJlOVb HOCJ'J&AHefl. 

He cyn^ecTByePB Merafj^BSHBH (JearB a6cojiK)Ta, h JlhioECj nona- 
Muca, TasoBOfl. Ob Apyroft cropoHH, eny HyaceHi 6uji'b cobc'Jm'b 
ocofiflfl aCcojiioTB, no^oflBmift b* ero nporpaMM*, — no;i;aTjHBHft, cro- 

BOp^HBUfl a6cOJK)TBK%, BOtOputt 6u AOQyCTBJB SBHeCTB Ce6B B^ 

oj^Hel BffB OTAiJOB'B CFO EjaccB^HEai^iH. BoPB 8T0T^ a6cojK)rB, aa- 
i^'h oHi ero o6pa(JoTajrB ;^Jfl eioft i^^jib: «»h3hb — bCcOjIkxtb, ot- 
spuBaerca hbitb ^epes'B omymeeie, Boropoe vb CBoeMx caMOMx ot- 
ue^eHBOM'B BBipaiKeHiH ecTB nepeM^na, noABHBLHOCTB, BHyTpeHHBB 
UH BBiniHflfl*. To-ecTB, on^ymenie h ;^BBaBLeHie OToaRecTBjiaK)Tca b'b 
o;(Hott B To8 se A'^ficTBnreJiBHocTB, Boropaa eciB sh3Hb: h mh 
^aeii SB3HB, noTOMy hto seaeifB on^n^eHie. Sai^ifB, bi> sBSHea- 
BOB ^t^H He cy^^ecTByeTB nepepBiBOBi>; Bci ea bh^h cyiB o^ho 
loaiKo XH^^P^Hi^HpoBaHie. HanrB opraHBdMi HOJBeri pascMaipH- 
BarLca to^bbo ♦bbe'b nepasA'SjBHaa hbctb Toro eocmocb, hsx boto- 
paro OBI AH<|)^peHi^BpoBajcfl OTHOCBiejiBHO ^pMBi» (t. n, p. 500). 

HiaBi, Hu snaeiCB, ht6 xaBoe a6cojiOTB. 

A jIbk)hcb TopaecTByerB, noioMy ^to ^yMaerB, sto BunojHBJTB 
CBOH ofiiu^aHia: owh otfp^iaercfl bi c^epi Mera^HSHBH, h6o y nero 
€CTB a6cojuoTB; offB o6piTaeTca bi c^pk naysH, b6o owl ero SHaerB. 
B4|a jraniB vb tomi, ^to h MeTa<i)B3BB'B h yneHufl sa-o^HO bo3- 
c^ByrB Ha saonojiyHBaro BBTOpa! DepBufi saRpBHHrB eiiy: anaeeMat 
<*MMaa, qro «a(5cojK>TB» cctb npespacHoe, HfleajBHoe, CoaecTBen- 
^} BenoHBTHoe h (esBOHeHHoe, nosHaBaeMoe wIbhib lepes^ BHryB* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



238 BQGTHERl EBPOHH. 

^iK> xymE^ npHmeAmefl vb dscrasi. y^eHKifi ynpeKHerb ero si 
mpi diOFB, H FB TOMx, HTO OH'L ^poH3Bo;^HTB cTpaoiHyH) ^yTaHH^y 
noHfliifi, BspeRafl atfcojnoioirB RocHocrb hjih CHCTeicy MiposAamn. 
ynpeBTb rkwh 6ojiie ocHOBaTejLHHfi, hto JIliohcb vjsjk-TO o6MOiBiica 
cjiijsjv^mei ^pasofi: «fl ^ajieRi oirb oipHi^aHifl cyn^ecTBOBaniji o^^^- 
ecmecmeeuHato. «9 yxBeps^^aio tojbbo, ^to oho ho cyn^eciByen ms. 
HacB vh TOM-B cmhcjA, ^to6h 6htl AOcrynHHiTB nojioaHieitHOMy 
noBHaHiio^ xora oho h HaBflSJUBaerca eaMi BaRi> oTpBi^axejibHoe no- 
Hflrie* (t. I. p. 232). MoasHO 6wio 6u bi KpatoeMi cjy?a4 jo- 
nycTHTB Bam^B a^cojiron, xoxa cjiobo h neB^pBo; ho cl toS mh- 
HyTH, Basi BH AonycKaeie npocryio B03M0»H0CTb lero-HHtfy^b Brt 
ero, Hero bu He Mosexe nosnaxB, Bami a6cojforB nepexoxHn vh co- 
CToanie OTHOcnreibHoe; eciH tojbbo ne HSici^HHTb pa^HRajBHO cmhcjtb 

CJOBIb. 

yqeHHfi B Mera^HdHRB, BUBeAeHHtie na cz^eny, ne cyrB npocnia 
pHTopHHecKia $HrypBi. 0;^HH'B KOMnereHTHHil kphthki b-b ♦West- 
minster Review^ nopni^aerB BHeprn^ecsH laBoe BHtmaieiBCTBO iie- 
la^^HBHRH Vb HayRy, Roropaa BOBce ne nyTRjifij&rcs, vb xaRoK coe)3- 
HHi?fc. A B^ « Fortnightly Review*, nocjiiAMro ORTatfpa, M-pi Ckotb 
FeHAepcoHx ORan^HBaerB pasdopB « Problems of Life* c^^fe;orH)mBicH 
CJiOBaMH: «Bi 8aRJH)?eHie CRaseMi, hto pascysAonie EaHiaBinpe- 
AhcjobIh ro 2-My HBAamio bphthrh *^Hcraro PasyMa* ocraerca w 
CETb HopB tfesTB Bospasema; a apryMeHiBi BBexenia vb bhi^hbio- 
nexiK) Ferejia Rasyica usfb 6ojrke ocHOBaTejQ>HHMH, h^mi Rorxa- 
jin6o». ABTopi, naxo cRasaTB, osHAajix noBHAHMOMy xaBoro pesyiB- 
Taia H Bi TOM'B, HTO OHB HasuBaeTB npereHi^osHO — «3aRiH)7eHie»: bi 
jtonu,1i CBoefi RHHrn, ohi otfiaBjiaeTx, hto 6o;iBme pascqaTsiBaerB 
Ha MOJOAua HOROJi^Hia. 3to ohhtb safijiysAOHie, vbwb 6o3fke lo- 
ca^Hoe, qro obtb MorB 6u cohehhtb ohchb nojiemjv) RHHry, cospa- 

THBl CBOH ABa TOJCTBie TOMa FB MaJOHBRifl in-12, 06^eM0irB OTB 

200 — 300 CTpaHHiJpB. Oh'b BHCRasajB 6u vb neMi cboh apryMeHra 
npoTHBi Tpanci^eHAeHTajiBHofl ^hjoco^Ih h ^Hjioco^in Eanra, cboi 
nayiHiia onpeA^Jienia hjh, CRopte, cboh ofiiacHenia npn'inHEi, sa- 
sona, flBjema h np. H ycnix'B 6ujs!b 6£i TorAa noanuft vb cpe;^ 
jiiOAett HayRH, ecjHtfii eny yAajiocB OTAiJiaxBca Bno-rarife orB aow 
Hofl icexa^HSHRH, BBeAOHHOft RB aHTjiftCRyH) ^Hjocoj^iio FeptfeproirB 
GnencepoifB, xeopieft o HenosnaBaeMOM'B. Botb, CRasyrB hhI, p&m 
oiOBa, ROfAa p£iB HAexi o MucjiaxeAi, CA^aaBmeHca anocTOJOirs 
H nonyjapHsaxopoirB caicux'B cm^ux'b oxRpiixifl Hoaifimefl nayxH. 
Hhrto cb 66aBmHirB yAOBOJiBcxaieMi, i^itb a, He 6yfffrb nmvb 
npHBHaxB ero sacjiyra: oni BejHRH. Ho ero o^HHaRH h Meia^Hsa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HilRA H JUrrSFiTJPA Bl OOBPnSHHOft IHFJOH. 239 

waH cxja^ ero yna rposflrs npoBSBecrn cobc^itb npoTHBonojiosHHe 
inarytfHHe pesyjBTaTii. «BfljiocTb h potfocrb, --roBopHTi ^sohi Mop- 
xA vb np^spacHofi KHiise'iB^ 0,— coexHHHACB, ^rotfu nonyjapHSH- 
poBaTB Mes^ HaMH njioadtt hh;^4^P^°™3>^} xoropEifi CHHraercfl sa 
Ipt^xyoiHy^ lepnEMOCTB KB ^yxBWb uwbBiawby vh cyn^HOciK se 
em He ^to imoe, BaK% npereni^iosHafl ManepHOCTB, CRpuBafoiqafl 
BOiHoe OTcyrCTBie BaRHX'L 6ii to hh Cujio y6ijRA^E\A*. 9to, ko- 
Bfimo, He OTHOCHTCfl Kb Vep6epTj CneHcepy, ho ero o6iihsksi h 
nepijpadBi npoH8Be.iH A^ftCTBie, ROToparo ohi, 6uTh MOxerB^ ne 
nfejffSLfljbxby HO soropoe, cb Apyrofl croponn, HeH3(}£sH0 BHieRaerB 
B H^BOToptirB ero aHTH-Hay^Hux^B yxBepsxeHifi. 

&B AOBasaTejiBCTBo yRasy na ^sona^ $HCKe h ero «RocMHqe- 
apo ^H;ioco^iH)». $HCRe — aMepHRancRift yqeHufi, dRCi-npoj^ccopi 
fuoco^^m Vh ropBapACROiTB yHHBepcHier^, caicoBTB sHaMeHHTOiTB ynn- 
Mgarterb mraTa Macca^ycerci h C^Bepnofi AiiepHRH. 

fl HM'&TB ciy^aft, roBopfl o ^panep^, BucRasaTB cBoe MH^me 
ofe aMepHBaHCRnx'B y^enux'B, Bc6rB fb HSBicxHoirB oxHomeHiH 60- 
ife HjDi newbe noRopHurB THpaHBiH otfn^ecTBeHHaro MH^Hifl, sa- 
piseHHaro oypHraHCRHirB xyxoirB. ABiopi ^KocMu^ecRofl $hjo- 
eo^» He cocraBjflerB HCRjuo^emfl, h a 6h ne roBopiuTB hh 
Ben, hh o&b ero AByxi tojictux'b RHHrarB, ecjiH6ii ohb ho npex- 
cnuuuiJrB pasHiejuHaro npHiri^pa xoro ^^aRia, ROTopoMi sl tojbro- 
vo saflBHTB: yRyiOHeHifl cb npaiforo nyrH anr^ficROft ^hjoco^Ih, 
uogh BJiiiHieM'B reptiepra CnoHcepa. 

Bb caMOiTB Aijrii, $HCRe — BOcropseHHiift noRaoHHHR'B coqHHemfi 
9ioro MHCurreifl. CKSn^aa leopifl nocreneHHaro pasBHTui, Teopis ecre- 
cneHHaro noxtfopa, AftpsHHOBCRui HxeH, hoo^xoahmoctb saROHOSB h 
eoecTBeHHHX'B flBJienifl— Bci ^th nxeH HecoimtHHO ^o^bHt^, Bsia- 
luofCfl vb ero rhhi^ caiuucB saMiuieiBmurB o6pa30irB h (tb hoji- 
norB co^yBCTBieM'B. «MeaRxy xeopiefl cjiynaa h leopiefi saROHa, — 

mopHTB OWbj — He MOSerB 6iITB hh ROimpOMHCCa, hh BSailMHOCTH, 

HH BaHMcrBOBamft. HanHcaiB ncropiio, no MeroA^, oceoBaHHofl na 

CBOfoXHOft BOli, 6eU0 611 COBepmeHHO HeBOSMOSHUirB A&IOICB* 

(t. n, p. 187). HsHaere, siRaROMy BUBOAy 0^^ hphxoahtb nocai^ 
9ioro? OtfcyxHHB h onpOBeprayHB leopiK) xoro, ht6 owh nasHBaerB 
'iBiponoMop^HUM'B A^HSMOicB*, aBTOpB HpHtfaBjserB: ^peByjiBiaxoiTB 
maosmfiA apryiieHTaipn tfyxerB hh aTeHsiTB, hh hobhthbhbmi, ho 
6aAe BOBBHmeHHHfl h 6oite ^hcthA 4>A8hcb xeHBica, noxOMy ^rro ohb 
Cue KB MCTERi> (t. n, p. 412). H npoAOJURaerB: «8Ta Rpafine 



«Oii CcmiiMromise*', by John Morley. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



240 B^GTHITK^ IBPOnH. 

BasHafl leopeMa, fe Boropofl oOhef^uEaiffrcsi HayRa h peJHm, ecn 
HH 601*16, HH MeH^, Basi TCopeMa, ROTopafl OAHa Biipazaen 
BnojiH']^ Ty BenHRyK) HCiHBy, ^o bcaroc SHasie OTHOCHTejn>H0>. A 
8T0 omkTh Hrpa cjiob'e. Ho ^Hcxe pasBHsaerb cbok) mucjl, h ccu- 
jiaflCB Ha GneHcepa, bhboxhtb bbi OTHOCHTejiBHOCTH BanmrB notaa- 
mft, iTO cyn^ecTByerb «HiTro», ^ero aBjenifl cjysarb jhoii npo- 
ABaeHieifB. 

Bovh sHaiieHHToe wkcto bbi CneHcepa, OTEyxd. BHresaen bc& 
reopifl. «EcTb CB.ia, Roiopafl cy^ecTByerB b^mho: dxo a6cai»TBaa 
cHJia, KOTopyK) Mu nocTOflHHO cosHaeM'B Kasi CHjy, Haxoxan(yH)ca 

Bl Heo6xOAHHOfi CBflBH CB TO^, KOTOpyfO KH 01I^II](aeM*B. TaBin 

o6pa80M'B, noA'B b^hhoctbk) chju mh noEHMaeicB bi A^ficTBHTeaBHOcn 
Bi^^HOCTb saBofl-TO CHJiH, ROTopafl CTOHTb BH^ Bamero nOHHMaHil. 
IIpoflBjieHifl BHyipn bjih bh']& nacrb ho B'^&qHu; ho ^t6 b^^ho, iftsi 

9T0 HeHSB'J^CTHafl HpH^HHa BTBX'k UpOflBJieHifi.... H B1^ TO BpeiUT; 

BaBi» Ham Aosasano, ?to mu ho mosom^ sHaiB HHiero, zpoiA 
OTHOCHTeiBHaro, BTH caHUfl ycjOBifl namett mucjih naBisBBaDrB 
Hameicy cosHaniH) Heo6xoAHMocTb HxeH a6cojiH)THaro cymecm*. 
nocji']^ BTOro, $HCBe Bi npaB^ ycraHOBHTL cbok) BHaiceHHiyiD leo- 
peMy, caiflyromHiTB o6pa^irB ^^piiyjiBpoBaHHyH): «cyniecTByerb 
€Hjra (sic), Boxopofl neiLSfl onpeA'^^nxB rpanHirB he m» npocrpaH- 

CTB%, HH BO BpOMeHH, H flBieHifl KOTOpofi, Vb TOWh BB^ WSh 

uu BX'b cosHaeM'B, cyih ne ^to hhoo saB^B npoABjieHifl, ho BOiopfE) 
MU MOseMi> nosHaiL eABHCxBenHo iHmb qepeax axH npoflBjemi* 
(t. n, p. 413). H BOPB, «TaflHa oxspura*: wb Towh cmscj^, m 
xafina — aro Bort; a to, it6 otbphto hjih bhabmo — ato BcejieBHaa*. 
«Ho (bto M'J^CTO HanpaBjieno npoiBBi naHreHcroBOb), pascMaTpHBai 
Mipi flBJLenifi, EaB'B pasHootfpasHoe OTRpoBeme ^BceMoryqeS chjhn 

MU He MOSeM'B HH Kb RaROM'b CSy^dA OTOSeCTBJflTb 9Ty CEi^ 

CI ea npoBBieHiflMH.... BceieHnafl ecrb npoflBjeme 6ozecTfia, ^ 
6osecTBO ecTb h'^ito Bucmee, ^^m^b BcejieHHafl». 

n B0T1>, laRHMl 06pa80Ml» OCHOBUBaeiCfl HOBafl pejHrifl—KO^ 

MUHecKiu deu3Mz. TaRHMi o6paBOM%, pasp^inaeTCfl oROH^aTeJoHO— 
Bi oaLHAaniH jyqmaro — HenosnaeaeMoe^ aScoAtomhy Heu3CAndoea»- 
Has cuAa FepCepra GncHcepa. 3to lorH^HO. E'b TOMy xe, no3i- 
THBHafl HiROja, mROJia Konra, Roxopafl TaB^b chibho ynpesw 
BToro MucjiHrejifl, paBHO RaRi h CTK)apTa Mbjua, vl sjoynorpel!- 
jiemH lorHRofl h ncHxojioriefi — axa niBoia Bna^^aerb bb noAO(5HBi 
xie RpafiHOCTH, HacraHBafl HaRas^OM'b mary na rpaHHi^arE, noio- 
flieHHux'b HanieMy SHaHiio. FoBopHib, hto mu MoseMi dHaxb oxhh 
jiHnib ABjeHifl, 3HaHHxi» ;^onycRaxb cyD^ecxBOBame «Ding an si:h'- 
YM'b qeiOB'^&qecBifi ne snaerb rpanni^'b; eMy nejibda CRasaxb: «ih 



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HA7B1 H JDITIPlTyPl Wb GOBPEMBHHOi AHTJUH. 241 

«aHOBHniJbCfl HS aTOM'B H AftJbine He nolj^iiiB». HsBicTHO B^^xb, 
no ^joco^ifl EoHTa, crpeHacB ysasaTB rpaHHitu neiovbHecKOny 
jMj H sanpeiuafl HscitxoBaTB upoHcxosxeaie Mipa h nejioB^xa, 
npnua Kb Toicy, qio craaa coH)3HHi^efl BparoRB ^^^ocoj^m h 
orpn^aja OTRpurui Jl^apBHaa, Roiopiiifl onposeprajH ea Teopuo. 
Odiarnb HaysH cb xasAUM'B ^(Heirb pacmepfleTCfl; ysa xenepb h8- 
BkiHH H^soTopiifl H3i> Beu^ecTRB, BxojsfLnifiXT> Bi cociaBi CHpiyca 
1 coiHi^a, H HHSTO He Moserb yRasaib rpanHUii yiiy qeaoB^- 

wioiiy Fb ero noti^AOHOCHOMi crpeMiemH saBoeBaib BceieHHyjD. 

Hjcry He nysHo 6ojihme Aposaib nepe;^ ^^yxoifb seiuH, h ohi 

JDserb CMijiO o(h>flBHTb eny: 

Ich bin's, bin Faust, bin deines Gleichen! 

Ho 9T0 jramb ci rkwb ycjiOBieifb, ^to6u HaBisH pacnpoa^aTbca 
a Mera^^HSHBofly dTHMi «My8ee]rb Th)cc6» mhcih. Ilycib Mera^^HSHirb 
— laKi pe6eH0]rb — npHHHMaerbsa «SHBux:bcyniecTBi»: nev), «Hy- 
ieffb> H «Ding an 3ich>. Dycib OH'b yBieBaercfl sthmh <]^HTacMa- 
rrqnaifH, Be saM^HUfl, corjiacHo npeBpacHOMy BupaseHiio EoBOHa, 
«o, «noxo6HO nayBy, OH'b Tserb nayniHy, icaiepiai'b soiopoft hs- 
uesaerca hbl ero co6crBeHHaro opraHB8Ma» ^). Hacroflu^eiiy ^hjio- 
oo^j Eirh HHBaRoro A^ja ao 8thxi> tiessusHeHHtixx cyn^ecTKb. Owb 
mse He saAeprHBaerb ^HBTHBHyio saB^y na H^ROTopue nyHBTu 
BcejeHHoft, npexnojiarafl sa neft cy^ecTBOBaHie ^HracTH^ecBHX'b 
cyniecTRb, ho cm&io Hsy^aerb pacBpuTyK) BHery npHpoxu ci ocho* 
taiejubHoft HaxesBXOfi) pano hie hos^ho, nepoBepnyrb Bdb est zbcol, 
W nocj$Aaaro. 



II. 

l)The Unseen Universe, or Physical Speculations on a future State. London, 
kacmiUan. 1873. 80,212 page8.--2) ^rofesBor Clerh-Maxwelh Molecules, a Lecture 
detirered before the British As8odation.~d) John TyndaU, Adress delivered be* 
fore the British Association at Belfast. Longmans, London, 1874, in 8<», 63 pages. 
—4) iMcretius Cams: De rerum natura, avec notes et une traduction par. J. Munro. 
Bdl and Daldy, Cambridge? London, 1873, 3-e edition, 2 vol. 8®, 695 and 183 

pages. 

EiarocuoHHHfl uiaTeJib, ne HcnyraBmittcfl cJiOBa «HayBa>^ 
BscimBieHHaro bi sar^iaBiH aiHX'b fitrjHX'b spHTHHecBHX'b saMixoKb^ 
yse Mon BanliHTb, BbKaaom* nnipoROMi* cmiCddi HOHHMaercfl aio 
wmo. Cjobo «4^hjoco(|^» 6hjio 6u Moserb 6uTb npHJHiHte: vh 

>) Novum Organum, a<|^pHairb 98 (sHsra I). 

Ton L — AroAPb, 1876. 16 



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242 BMTHKKl B8P0IIH. 

Hec^acriK), cjiobo 9to h6 mA&rh TO^raaro h onpex&ieHHaro acacia, 
H MHorie ciHTaiDTi ero xo chxi nopib chhohhmomi Meia^HsiiSE. 
CHHiesi HayRH — botb exHHCTBeHHaa BOBMOSHaa othhh^ ^hioco^uh 
H Basi BOBpeneHa 6hii OajiecB, ^eMospirrE, dMnexosjTB h xpyne, 
TavB H vh HOBtflmee Bpeiui HacToan^HMH ^HJioco^aini flBJuonci 
yqenne, kslvb AaMB,pvby JifipsEWb h TeHxajiB. Botb no^eny nipa- 
senie «HayBa» nosasaJOCB mh^ 601*16 npHroAHmrB, eora toibbo pac- 
nnipHTB ero cuucsrb h CBflsaiB cb hsitb Hxeio o nay^Hoft ^hioco- 

^iH. n09T0My MH OCTaBJUieirL Vb CTOpOH^ qaCTHOCTH OTX^JBHUTB 
HayBTB, SOTOpUITL B^^B He IflCTO, H eCJH Vh HaCTOflllQrH) MHByiJ 

npexnoiaraeiTB cAtiaiB BBCBypciio bl o6jacTB xhmIh h ^hshki, 
TO noTOMy TOJtBBO, HTO fjbjio ufifiTh caMHX'B oCn^HX'B noHnriflrb, 
a HMeHHO, HH6oj6e, HHMeH^, BaB'B HOBoicB maii BinOBHaHiH 
MaiepiH. 

Rpoirt TorOy HexaBHifl orspuTui, vb Boropuxi AHTjqii npHBH- 
Haia Tasoe SHa^HreuHoe yucrie, cocraBiflHyrB vh Haciojiiiiee Bpexa 
npexMerB Bcixi pasroBopoB^ n noc.iysuH x&se noBOxom m 
CRaHxaay, tfiaroxapa co^sHemK), BucraBJieHHOMy bo vjonBib aioro 
naparpa^^. Ecjh eny OTB^eno mhok) nepBoe Micro, to He ctojbko 
paxH ero BHyrpeHHaro xocroHHCTBa, CBonso paw myiia, BOioput 

OHO npOHBBeiO. rJUtBHHlCB OfipaSOlCB 8T0 HpOHBOHUO OTTOFO, ^TO 

hvtopsL aroro ^HracniqecBaro pasrjaroACTBOBaHifl— ^Boe y^eemi, 
noABOBaBniHxcfl w chtb nopi HeocnopHMOfl cjaBoft. Bi cavoirB 
^A^ Bdbwh mvicmo, ^ro anoHHicHoe co^Hneme «The Unseen Uni- 
verse > HanHcano coo6n^a npoj^eccopoirE ^hshrh bi dxHHtfyprcBOia 
yHHBepcHTeri, Totoitl ^), h npo^^eccopoirB Bajn>$ypoirB GnoaproirB vh 
«BOJiJieriH OyBHa», bi MaH^ecrep'^. Bcero xhbobhhh^ to, ^to h 
OHH xaBse ccHjaHyrcfl na FeptiepiA Cnencepa h ero «nepBfiui be- 
^aja», FB ROTopux'B npoBOBnamaercfl, ^ro «mu otfasaHti bhx^ 
FB saacAOM'B flBieniH npoflBJieme Hisoeft chih, Boropaa Ha Haci 
x6ffcTByeTi». Ohh BiiBoxarB h8:b axoro c^eciBOBaHie cBeprB-ecie- 
CTBeHHaro, ho ne orpaHHHMBaKyrca, uitb $HCBe, CHUonicnnecBot 
AexyB^iefl, a HaiiipeBaHyrcfl ocHOBaxLCBoe credo na HenocpexcrBeH- 
Bsxh ffiBBUTh HaysH H 62 HOCj^AHHrB saBoeBamflX'B. Ob btoh) ifiiBi) 
OHH OHHpaHyrcfl na HexaBHifl orspuxui o&b otfpasoBamn Maxepui, 
H noBxoMy Bpafine Basno HOSHaBOHHTBca Cb HHrepecHHMH ^- 
TaMH, h8:b ROTopHxiOHH x^aH>rB xaKoe neyxa^Hoe npniriteeHie. 



^) Ohi BBxan Biribcri ci capon Yuiuxom Tomcoboms, iipo<|»eecopon ^m 
n yHEBepenert Tiacro, secuia aaMt^aareiurat tpacnn »Tot aayn, n loiopon 
■BiamxrcA oienb noj(po6HO saiOHH xraamBL I-t Tom hojibucj n 1869 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HiTKi H JIflTIPlTyPA Bl GOBPXMEHHOfi IHTIII. 243 

Bi sHaiceHHToft ^esipn, npoMirraHHofl nepe^i o5ii^ecTBOifB noon^pe- 
lii Ehjvrh FB EpaA^PA:^, vh 1873 r., npocj^eccop^ Kisps'L MaRC- 
MUB Bupasajicfl xas'L: «B03BMHTe HacTHiQr MaTepie, HanpHM^pB 
anjo BOXU} n pasx^jiHre ee na ab^ ^acre. IIoToirB x^jinre fiaabme: 
BE xopomo noHHMaere, ^rro nacTynnrB saEOHei^'B MOMeHPB, Rorxa y 
BacB He 6yAerB xBaxaiB cpexcTBi A^a npOHSBexeBifl ^aRiH^ecsaro 
xkieHlH, xoTfl OHO en^e h bosmosho. Ho MOserB jh oho npo^^oji- 

S&TKfl AO 6e8K0He4H0CTH? IIo MH^HilO JI^eMORpHTa H aTOMncTH^e- 

ctti DixojBi, Mu AOJSHu OTB^^axL: ni^TB! nocj']^ HSBl^CTHaro ^HCJia 
oojQMsxi^eHifi M£[ AOflxeMi xo xaBoro nyHBra, vjiib j^hB^Amee 

XiJKBie CTEHeTB HeBOSMOSHilM^B. M&I MOSeiTB TaKHITB otfpaSOITB 

iHaeHHO ;tofiTH ^o axoMa, BoropuB, BaBi yBasuBaerB ero Hicfl, 
Hejc^M-B. BoTB yqenie o&b aioMax-B JteMOKpHia, 3nHEypa, JlyKpe- 
iQi H — SL Mory npH^aBHTB — Baniero noKopnaro cayra*. 

HmiTB, nocj'i ctojbkhx'b tfescMucjieHHux'B h 3jo6hhx'b pasrjia- 

itUBCTBOBamfi, uocjvb nflXHaxii^aTH-Bl^KOBoft 6paHH h HacM^mes'B, 

Teopii BeiHBaro noaxa npoBOBrjamaercfl bo Bcefi ea acHOCXH h 

icnrat npo<|)eccopoM'B Reic6pBXscKaro ynHBepcHTera, o^^hhitb hss 

csMEtTB BHAaH)n(Hxcfl qjieHOB'B EopojeBCBOfi aBaAeiciH b% JIonxoH^. 

dm^ citUB secTOBO ocirlaHHue aTOMu, Ha^i BoropuMn noriinajiocB 

ieAcsojuo jKBuxb joojifit. H Be:iHBoe imosecTBO rsynnovhy peatfn- 

JBQiOBaHEi H saHfljiH AOJisHoe iflcTO vb Hay^HOfi o5jacTHf Byxa 

iienEl xpeBHHX'B yse ysasajTB hitb xopory. B^ HacTOflI^yK) MHHyry 

W HacB HCBasHO HX'B BHyxpeHHee cboBcxbo. ^m nacTB AOCxaxo^HO 

wm^ wto TkjSL cocrasjieHBi hsi bxhx'b nepBux'B dieMenxoBi He- 

xfciEMiixx, B^qHO XBHraiDn^HXCfl KB saifHi H wb sejiidi, BaKB H 

n Boexyx'^: pascxoanie Mes^y hhmh, HX'B 66jBmafl hjh M^HBmaa 

jDpyrocTB cocxaBJUiiOTB BCH) pasHHi^. «H Bci T^, Boxopsie o6pa- 

spoTB 6ox&e HJOXHyH) arrperai^iK), Bor^a, tfyxyu c6jHseHu, ohh 

(HCBaBHBaiDTB, ocxaBjflH Measxy co6oh) xojbbo HesHawxeiBHoe npo* 

OpaHCTBO (^HJElOTCfl CBOHMH HepaBHUMH HOBepXHOCXHEH H o6pa- 

9jVT% TaBHiTB otfpaaoiTB Bpinsie tfasHCii yxecoFB h njoxnaro Be- 
Hfecna xexbsa;... xpyrie, Boxopne npuraioxi h oxcBaBHsatoxi, 
ocsa&iEfl Mes^y co6ok) mnpoBia npocxpancxBa, otfpasyioxi Boa^yx'B 
■ ipnft CBbrb cojHi(a> ^). TaBB roBopnrB JlyBpeAiS. ^FjaBHoe 
paanrde uexfj raaoMi h shabocxbh),— npoAOJsaerB npo^^eccopi 
KaicDejuB,— coct6htb kb toitb, ^xo bi rasi ^acxHiia cbo6oaho npo- 
xoxHTB CBofl nyxBy Ha BecBMa BopoxBoe jhhib Bpena cxajBHsaacB 
CB xpyrufH HacTHi^aiiH, Mesxy Tbirb BaBB rb shxbocxh ona no- 



1) JLMcrei. L4>. H (9^-107). 



16* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



244 BfiCTHJIS'B IBPOnH. 

HTH He CBo(5oxHa FB CBOHX'B jifiExeBisx'b H EO^iTH Bcerj^a Haxo- 

XHTCfl Bl T^CHOft CBflBH Ch JSipyVEUll qaCTHI^aHH>. 

He Kaxercfl jih cnepBonaqajera BsyimTejhEuwby hto reniB rpe- 
KOBt cpaay npoHHKB b^ cymeocTB Bemefi? Hjh, CKo'pie, ne Ka- 
acercfl jih ecrecTBeHHuirEy hto ohi cpasy yxBaxEjicfl sa cuniS 
npocTofl cno€o6% noHHMaHifl Beniefi, saTeMHeeHnx'B Bnocj^xciBiH 
njaTOHHEaMH Bcixi msoj'L? RaR^B 6u to hh 6ujlo, naiBSfl He boc- 
XBH^TBCfl rbwhy mo bi seji']&3'6 e vh RaMH^^ paBHO Easi h n 
BOdxyx'i, JI^eMOKpHrB, dnHsyp'B n JIyspen;ifi CByM^jm npHSHaTS nps- 
cyTCTBie aTOMOBi, osHBieHHuxi B^qHUMi jffinxjeBiewh? H j^BHseeie 
9T0 He TOJiBKO cymecTByeTB, HO Aa»e o^pe;^4jleHa ero ckopoctb! 
OTKpBiBi sasoHEi ^B^ysiH H AaBjedfl rasoBi, jifimzE ao lasoFO 
HsyHHiejBHaro pesy^Biaxa. Ry6H^ecidfi caHTHMeTp'B BOAopoA&, npi 
TeMnepaiyp'b TaH)ii;aro JiBxa h uo]i:h AaBjenieirB o^HOft aTMOC^pii, 
B^erB 0,00009 rpaMMOBi (npn5jH8HTeJiBHo). Ocrasajiock oncpuii 
creneHB tfucxporu, cb BaBofi ^oji^Bna xBHraTBca ara MaieHmii 
Macca, w£o6u npoHSBecrn AaBJieme, Ha6jK);^eHHoe na cr^HBan kj- 
6HHecBaro canTHMeipa. ^OBiopB lyjiB nepBuft p^mHXB diy sajviiy. 
Obtb OTKpHJB, HTO HacTHi;a, aTOMi* ^) y^Jlepo;^a, ;^BHaeTca co ao- 
pocTBK) 1839 MerpoBi fb cesyHAy. Kiaprb MascBejuB HamexB, 
HTo CKopocTB flM KHCJopo^a 6jx^Tb Bi> 463 MCTpa, a *ia ywe- 
KHCJOTH Bx 396. ^acTHi;Bi Bos^yxa, bi THxyio ^o^o;^y, peayrca 
BO BC'^x'B HanpaBJieHUiX'B CO CBopocTLH), no ero mh^hIk), cevm- 
naiH MHJB vh MflHyry ^). 

3x0 MoserB 6utb cpasHeHO tojibbo co CBopocTBio B03;^a, bh- 
xoAflH^aro Hsi sepjia nymBH. RaRHicB o^pasOMi MOseMi mh eicy 
conpoTHBjaTBca? «3to ^poHCxo;^H^B,— fobophtb yqeHuft npo^ec- 
copi, — oiToro, ^TO lacTHi^ii ABHsyTCfl FB pa3JiH9Hux'B Hanpaue- 
Hiflxi. R'B TOMy se, oh^ yAapflHrrcfl He tojbbo o nacB, bo i 
cT^Hii BOHHaxH. IIpHHHKafl BO BHHMaHie Hxi orpoMHoe uci(^ 
H anafl, hto oh% ^^BHsyicfl bo bc^xi nanpaBJieHiflX'B, bh not* 
Mere, ^to oh* ne MoryrB He crajiBHBaTBca xpyn cb ApyroM^ 
Bcflsifi pasi), BaB'B ab^ lacrni^Bi cro^iBHyrcfl, oni^ nepeiciHflHm 
HanpaBjenie. TaBHirB ot^pasoifB, sasxafl laciHi^a Bcrpi^aerB npe- 
noHH Ha CBoeicB nyxH h, HecMorpa na 6ojihurpo tfucrpOTy, Mosm 
npofiTH jifiBOJbBO AO^oe BpeM£, npesAe ^iM% ona jipcaLvnen 
TOHBH, o^eHB oT^ajieHHofi OT^B es To^BH OTHpaBieHui » . MaBceau^ 



1) y KazAitfo Ben^ecTBa ects cboh co6cTfieHHiiii lacTumi: aTon e<m lacrma oci 
HOBHoro BemecTBa. HTas's, ne Easxaji ^acrnua ecu aTOMi, ho saasxafi aTOin> ecTb 
^acTHAa. BoTL noneiiy npo4>eccopb npexnoviTaen 8To nociixHee BHpaaeaie. 

2) JKypHan „Nature«, t. VUI, p. 487. 1874. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HiTKi H JUrriPATJPA B'b COBPIHBHHOfi iHTJIH. 245 

loaiejs A&JiBine: oh^ BucHHTSurB ncjo cTOJiRHOBemiy KOTopiu mo- 
i^ BunacTb Ha ao^h) ^acthi^ii B^AAHHoe Bpeiu, cr Hameji'B, vro 
m BOAopo^a TOcao bto nocrnraerB 17,000 mejuIohobx bx ce- 
ijB^y ^). 9to ^asPB HayHHufi; h cid^xib, h myTSH (JojiBme ne- 
jMicTHu. BojAe loro: topb ace caMufi yqeHsifi pascHirraii, ^ro 
pa MHxiioHa ^acrnirB BoxopoAa) BurflHyrue Apyn Bo^jrk Apyra, 
aouH 6ei npocrpaHCTBO, paBHflion^eecji 0,039 (39 -TucaqH.) 
wfmzA. ^xo6a noacHHTb jifkiOj C8px Ynjjhsiwb Tomcoh'b roBopirrb, 
"HO ecjH npeAQOJiosHTB, qro saiufl boau Bupocjia 6u ci seMHott 
wifhj TO BaiH?HHa lacrui^'B, ee cocTaBjflion^HX'B, HSM^Hflaacb 6n 
on pyxeflHoft nyjH ao 6HJJiiapAHaro mapa. 

Ho yqeeiienofflM eme A&Ji^nie^ h lyrB loiyate BcrynaeiTB kb 
o&iacTL rHnoiesKi, no Bpafieett M^pi cb H^BOroptixB cropoBTB. 
HsBieTHO, ^TO BCKycHufi RypHjbn^KB MOserB BunycsaTB ahitb 
KOieuaEH, pasB^BaiDn^BKHai bb BOSAyxi: btotb ^axxB noBTopserca 
laorAa HeopoHSBOJbHO. H^hjhhapb, otfpasyioii^ifi bto sojbi^o, o6ia- 
laerb KOJiOBpaTHuarB ABHseHie&TB BOspyrB CBoefi ocn, soTopoe, 
BnpeqeatB, ropasAO .ler^e sairlTHTB, h^mb onHcaTB. FejiBMrojBi^ 
XOiasaiB nyreiTB i^Jiaro paAa yAHBHraiBHnxB BniHCJeHift, ^to rb 

C09^W€HHOii ^RHABOCTH HOAO^HOe ABHSeHio HO MOSeTB 6UTB HH 

BHSBano, HH yHHHTOseHO, TaRB ^0 ecjm oho cyn^ecTByeiB, to na- 
Bcerxa h, icpoMi^ topo, mosho ^utb yB^penHUMB, ito oho BcerAa 
(TqecTBdBajio. Cji^AOBaiejibHO, aTOMB AO^useHB Cbtl HeyHHirosae- 
ihmb, HifiTb oopeA&ieHHyK) BejiH^HHy h onpeAi^eHHoe ^hcjo bo- 
Je((amft. Eojibii(0 cb BoiOBpan^aTeiBHuifB ABHsenieMB (Vortex-Ring) 
BanoaHfleiB HmycjiOBU!. «ATOirB, — o6BaBjaen capB yejUBBMB Tom- 
coffB,— MoxeiB 6uTB paBCMaTpHBaeMB, BasB « Vortex-Ring » bb co- 
BepmeHHot sharocth* ^). 

Ho 8T0, o^eBHAHO, TOiBKO ranoTosa, BOTopoft npeACTOHTB OAHaso 
irptTB Basnyio poiB fb OKonqaTenHOMB nocTpoemH nayfin o Be- 
ivcrrt. ABTOpu « Unseen Universe* hsi^^iotb aryrHnoresy cA- 
jQnontHinb otfpasoMB. Ohh ne cqiTaioTB axoMOBB HeyHte^xosaeMnicH, 

BO T04BB0 OWHB XHSy^HMH. HmB, CJr6AOBaT&3BHO, He HysHa co- 

BepmeHHaa sbaboctb. 

HecoBepmeHHafl shaboctb otfpasyerai hbb 6oj^ mojukhx^b u- 
<:nn^, t?6MB o6uBHOBeHHiifi aTOMB, a 3th iacTHi]itt cyiB «Vortex- 
Bing8» vb SHABOCTB en^e Mente coBepmenHoft, h xasB Aute, ao 

^^estOHe^HOCTH: B BOTB rOTOBB «HeBHAHIf£lft MipB*, BB KOTOpOlCB 

«cn Hteio AU BcaBHXB pejuirioBHHXB BOHi^enititt. BeiHBifl h He- 

») ,Nature«, t. I, p. 381. 1870. 
') Philoeophical Magazine. 1867. 



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246 Bficram sbpoiih. 

ocnopHBiufi npHHi^HiTB HenpepHBHOCTH npinriHseTCfl aBTopan n 
Tpe(5oBaHi)iM'B nTh ff^ja, h botb RaKHMi o6pa80irB ohh pesioioi- 
pyHXTB CBOK) aprjMeHTai^iH): Tasoro poi^a Ben^H npvxojpncsL npiBO- 
AHTB A0CJ06H0, HTotfti He HaBje^L o^BBHeHifl Bi npeyBejiH^eHui bji 
FB He;(0(5pocoBicrHOCTH. 

<nepeA> naMH ABaBejiEKHXinpHHi^Hna,— roBopsTB jrHerae as- 
TopH,— o;(HH% ecTB npsHi^in'B ctfepesenifl BHeprie (c6epeieflii 
CHjrB), ^•~^* c($epe»eHifl o(h»eRTHBHaro BJieMeera BcejieHHOfi. ^yrot 
ecTB saROHi 6ioreHe8Hca, vb CHJiy soroparo npHcyrciBie oahoto 
sHBoro cyn^ecTBa bo BcaaeHHOft o^jH^aers cyn^ecTBOBame aHiei^ 
xeHTa, o6jaAaBmaro jRHSHbio. 9th XBa BejHSHXi npHHi^Hna samB- 
jiaiOTX nacB npHsnaTB sa canoe BtpoaxHoe ptmeHie cyntecTBOBame 
pasyvnaro ^sropa, A^flcTByiontaro bo BcejeHHOft, h ^yniatifl ko- 
Toparo 8aRjiH)qaeTCH vb pasBBTiH aHepria; saiiirB, xpyroro aauo- 
FH^Haro ^BTopa, ^ynRiiifl KOioparo— pasBHBaTB shshb. Moser^ 
6uTh HaM'B oi'l^^oBajo 611 CRopie CRasarB, hto btoti bubo^ eai- 
6oji^ corjiamaercji cb npHHi^HnoHi nenpepuBHOCTH. Stotl Bmojuh 
Majo OTjHqaercfl on xpHcriaHCRaro y^enifl* n np. % h, noeiopu 
lapsus MaRCBeufl^ otiiflBjaiorb, ^to coBepmeHHoe TOsecTBO aiovon 
npHxaerB Hm xapaRxepi c^6pBR0BaHHux'B npexMeroffB^ b c^pi- 
ROBaHHux'B pasyHHiiiTB ^^aRTopoM^ H np. 

Mojoxofi MaxeMaTBRi, o;(bhi> b3i^ BmdojAe BuxaiDn^HXCfl npo- 
4)eccopoBi University College, HaneHaiajB vb « Fortnightly Review, 
sa npomexmifi Iiohb, onpoBepseme na 8th iBpaAu. CraTu npoB- 
Beia cencaDtiK), noTOMy <ito BnepBue na crpaHHi^axib sypsan, 
HBBicTHaro CBoeft respectability, noABBiacB TaRaa pisKaa Rpiini&, 
HanpaBjeHHaa npoiBBi 6pBTaHCRaro xansecTBa h jiBi^eifipifl. 

Pi^ TBH^ajifl Bi tfpBTancROM'B o6n^ecTB% noontpema Haysi % 
CRaBaHHan vb nponiJioirB roxy vb BejtBJ^acri, MOserL c^iraiKS 
nocjt^AHHH'B CJOBOH'B coBpeneHHott HayRB. Hsx^Te^B JIOHniaHCS 
Hane^aTax'B ee OTx^AHinrL BsxaHieirB, Roropoe pasonuocB m tfi- 
CBTRaxi THCBTB aRBOMnjapoBi. Binefl mh naxoxHirB npexx^Bcero 
BecBMa OT^erjiBBoe n BHTepecHoe pesiOMe aToiiBCTB^ecRaro jr^enii, 
CO BpeMeHB ^eMOBpBTa h JlyRpei^fl h fp Hamero. OrRpuTifl Jiflf- 
BBBa B Teopifl nocreneHHaro pasBBrifl csflsaHH c% Heft seo^HKHO- 

BeHHO JOBRO. H eC^H KB AOCTOBHCTBy CaMOFO Tpy^a MH npHCO* 

eABHBiTB cnpaBe;(2BBoe otiaflnie, BHymaeMoe BMeneirB asropa, to do- 
HBTeffB (Jy^erB rpoMa;tHHft ycn*xx ero pi^H. Ycnixi worB*nw 
xo CBxi nopi» B BKipasaercH vb tfesncjieHHsix'B HBxaHiax'B, i bot^ 

») The Unseen UniTerse, p. 188. 

*) Cm. „BtcTBBn EBponi", xeu-a^pb, 1874 r. 



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HlTKi H JOnPlTTPA Vh OOBPIIBHHOt IHTHI. 247 

lo^eify fl ynoMHHEH) o net fb Hscroflii^rb 8a]rihvar&; zota oea 
lomne ho HomiHsa^ ho HHiepecB, soatfysxaeiiiift eio, Bce en^e 

O^ieHL SHBl. 

BoTTB noieMy TaBse a nocraraxB ^ saroJiOBsi hma canoro 
JlyqieiUii: oho flBjuierca au HaeB hobhhroA, HecMorpfl na 18 b^- 
wvhj pasxbiflioqHX'B naei otb Hero. Hsxame Mynpo— aepxi apy- 
imiK H nflo^eciBa, Heo6xoxHMaro othhh6 x-ifl yneHaro h yiBie- 
Ittiopa. Hs^B 693 crpaHnqi nepsaro TOMa, ^^erH saHfliii nps- 

vlttHiflMHy BOTOpHfl HO T02BB0 nOflCHXHXTb COMHHTeiBHUfl uiCTSij 

10 ysasHBaioTB bc% totkh conpHBOCHOBeHifl Mes^y CTHxaMH nooxa 
I OTBpHTiaMH HOBtflmHXB y^eHuxib: TeHxaifl, reiBMroiBi^t, KjapRa 
MaicBeufl h np. npHBexeirB, HanpHitipB, hsb piu THHAau 
r& crpoBH, KOTopHfl na^ajEH EHB6ojtbe myica h BHSBajH HaH6o- 
Ae onpoBepsemfi: «npocjr£;(HTe ujbub shshh vb o6paTHOirB otho- 
maoB H norjuABiei xairB ona Bce 6orbe h 6ojAe npH^JHasaeTCfl 

SB TOMy, HT6 Mil HaSHBaeiTB ^HCIO ^HBH^eCKHlTB COCTOflHieirL. Mu 

XOCTHraemb^ HasoHent^, rfixi opranHSicoBi, soiopfiie sl cpaBHHBaxB 
Ch sanjuiMH iiac^a, BnynieHHnHH fb cirilcB anoroifl cb boxoH. 
Mh xocTHraeiTB protogenes reREeu, rb Roropuxi mu HM^beicB 
^nm, ouuraaionattcfl on xycoiKa (SinoBHHH tojibso cbohbtb spa- 
CBBmrB, aepHHcmicB cjoasemeMB*. MoseirBJiH mh Ha aroiTB ocra- 
HOBHTBCi? Mu nepftiaMHBaeiTB MarHHxi, n naxoxniTB xBa nojiDca 
btb mfkMffiWh H9B ero o^jomkobb. Mu npoAOJnsaeM'B lOMaiB ero, 
HO sasB 6h hh 6uih Maju ^acni, xasxM coxpaHaerB bb cetib, 
zan H FB ciadftflmeft cieneHH, nojapnocTB q&iaro. A Korxa nam 
yse HeiBsa 6osbme npoAOuuiTB joMaTB MarHHTB^ to mu nepoHO* 
ODTB yMGTBeHHoe npexcraBMHie na lacrnipi MarHHra. He cii- 
xyerB jh Hani npexnpvHflTB h^^to noAotfnoe h orHOCHieaBHO sh8HH? 
Passt He aBJuercfl npn otomi oxoia hobtophtb cjOBa Jyspeipfl, 
Boiopufl yTBepsx&OTB, ^0 «npHpoAa, xasB mu dro bhahmi, tbo- 
pHTB Bce npoHBBOJBHO HffB caMoft ce6fl», nan ciOBa Bpyno, Rorxa 
OKB o<$BflBjaerB, no Marepia ne octb «Ta ncio nycraa capacitas, 
UBB ee HBotfpasajiH ^hjoco^^u, ho 9ceo6n^afl MaiB, Boropaa npoHS- 

MXHTB BCb Ben^ H8B CBOOfl C06CTBeHH0ft yTpo6u?» BonpOCU, BOB- 

HHsaionpe npH btomi, neHS^^Hu. Ohh HaABHraHrrca na nacB cb 
yojeHHofl CBopocTBR)^ H A^i HacB He 6e8paanraH0, 6yAyrB m ohh 
oocraBjeHU lavB hjih Hna^e. OcraBjaa bb croponi Bcasia hoao- 
Mojran, a cmai) ce6a oiJasanHUMB BucsasaTB CBoe npHSHame, a 
neHHO, wto a xpans) bb ce&b ytiiaLAeme, nepeAaBaoMoe bfb B^aa 
IB BtsB, OTHOorrejiBHO o^eBBAHOCTH, ocHOBaHHofl na onuT^y H yctfaT- 
jmBtao vh MaiepiH, — Koropyn bb cbocmi HeBftsecivt h, neBBipaa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



248 BMiHKKi nponu. 

HE Hame tfiarorovlHie vb ea TBopiQ^, mh npesflpajnr,— ycMaxpH- 
BaiD wh arot MatepiH o($iTL h sajion BCflsoft ^^ica h Raiecrea 

SH3HH». 

MHorHiTB, no npoHTemn dtoro xtcra, saxoHerca sarjAHyrE fb 
opHrflHaji'^ BarjianyTB bi «Natiira renim» — h bi HSxaHui Mynpo 
HaftAyrcfl BC% seiaeanifl noflCHeHifl. Ohh ysasyr^, ^to He cji- 
fjerb satfjyjKAftTLCfl HacverB Hisoropux'B BsrpaseHitt noera, bs ko- 
TopiirB 0H% BaRi» 6y;rro c^HraerE Maxepis) MeprBOfi. 

TaRmrE oCpasoirB, orspEiBi cnana^a saROHti ^j^HaseHifl Bce^ei- 
Hoft H 641 ^acvefi, ^ejOB^iTB HaxoAHTCfl HaKaHyH*]^ Toro, mi!o6u ysHan 
62 xapamepB h BHyTp6HH6e cjioseHie: HsywBi^ ^XHHavincy* iripa, 
owb Hsy^aen «CTaTHRy> h xemIk). IlycTB hocjA dioro GneHcepi* 
Hannpaen, CBO^bso xo^erB, Ha rpaHHi^Ei, nojioxeHHim sHamR), i 

Ha CRpOMHOCTB y^eHHX'B H HayBH. CRpOBIHOCTb Vh 3T0ICB CSJ' 

Hfvb — y6i^Hii^e nocpexcTBeHHOCTH. IlEiTJiHBiitt yMi HcnHTUBaen 
cnpaBexiHByio ropxocrB h neHS'bflCHHMyio paxocTs BCiBiB pasi, san 
6ro OTspuTifl pacinHpflH>rB noje x^ctbui a^ ^ejOBtvecTBa h no- 
BTopserB npeBpacHtui cjoBa Jlaiuaca, Kb ero npeBocxoxHoarB ipaR- 
Tart «0 He6ecH0ft MexaHHR'&»: «HaROHei^, TpyxanH mhofex's bI- 
BOBi OTAepHyxa BaB^ca, CRpHBaBmas otb bboporb ^ejioB^sa CHcreMy 
ifipa. Torxa ohb yBHxi^ ceite xMJShnowb njiaHeni; exsa npeirfa- 
Hol vh coiH6HHoft CHCreM^, o(SinHpH06 npocrpaHCTBO BOTOpOfi, Vh 

€BOH) 0TOP6XB, 6CTB He TTO HHOe, ISAKh H68airi&THafl[ TO^Ba VB ($68- 

BOH6HH0CTH HpocipaHCTBa. BejiHBie pesyATaTBr^ r'b BoropnirB npH* 
Baio ero bto orBpurie MoryrE Buojaifb yribniHTB ero btl irbcrb, or- 
BOKHVoirB 9eKJtbf HOBasaBi^ exy ero cotfctBeHHoe Bejniqie vh Rpat* 
Heft Maiocni ocHOBanui, nocjysnBmaro eicy x^s HSirbpem He* 
4SeeB»! ^). 



I) MteiniqM Create de Lsplaot, t Y., p. 460. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IiySi H JIHTEPATTPi Wh GOBFmBHOfi IHTJIIH. 249 



in. 

1) The GrrvfOe MemairSj a journal of the reigns of George IV and William IV, by 
tlie late Charles Greville. London. Longmans and C-ie. 1874, 3 vol. S^.— 2) John 
BvlRusseh Recollections and Suggestions, 1813 — 1873. London. Longmans 
and C-ie. 1875. 8o, 475 p. 

BsTifl;^ Ha HeMyapu Boa6jmd secLMa pasjieHHu: oahb c^HTaioTi 
m lynmnrE MaTepiajoMi aja Hcropie, ;tpyrie npHSHaioTB HssyAa 
BenwniMHy ynpeRaa m> npHcrpacTiH h HecnpaeeAJiHBocTH. Rose^HO, 
Ton, no KfjM9^jtb ($Ei nHoaTb Bcxopiio peBOJiioiQn m> AevjAe, h3- 
(^, nvb exHHCTBeHHBrft hcto^hhitb, pascRas'B RjapeH^^OHa, toti 
HiflBcajB 6u o^em> njioxyK) Hcropiio. Ho arc eme He SBSmuvh, 
nf]6ii mm K^apeHxoaa He Mor^a ORasaTBca npn cjiyqa'l secbifa 

HOjeSHOfi. B031>MHTe H^CBOJBKHX'B .101^, CBHA^xejefi oj^Horo H Toro 

le ^^axra, icajio-HajiLCRfi cJOyRHaro; Kasxutt pascsaserB nairB o 
Hen no-CBoeMy, a ecan pascEasx o neM-B yate HaneqataHx, TO^;^a 
6CTi» Bci ocHOBaHifl xy^^Tb, ^iTo Bafl^j^ufl otkoBeTh ero jrambio h na^ 
poxid, H BosbMerCH npeAcraBHTb eAHHCTBeHHoe nrj^pHoe onBcaHie xoro, 
sin fifao Hpoiicxo^Jio. H bc% ohh snojiHit Ao6pocoBl^CTHbr. Tojbso 
IB Bv^inrb Bi^ dTOH'B- :^B£rt nrpHM^pi: Ras'b TpyxHo OT;i;%jiaTbca 
on> cBoevo h^ h.th, BurpaataHCb npocro, saBB xpyj^HO B^pno Ha6jH)- 
m. Rasj^t nHmerb noA'b BjAsmiewb ^Hinaro xapasrepa, Teacne- 
pueHia, jiH^HKixi crpeifjieHitt npeApascyAROs^: h caMufi yMHH& 
<!esco8HaTejn»Ho BHocBTb Bce 910 Fb cbok) oi^tesy flRiemfl. Ob 9T0t 
ciopoHu H, cMOTpfl HO Ka^ecTBaMi aBTopa, Menyapbi Koryrb npa- 
HUftTb BaasHoe sHa^eme hjb paBHATbCfl eyjio. Ilpn aroirb HCxopHBy 
w^Hyerb paso^parb HcxHHy, h wh Toro, bto yirterb sa oto Bsaxbca 
« ilkBcTByerb ocMcyrpHre^bHo, MenyapH, Boee'rao, 6jji,yTh onmiswh 
n iparoqtHHiifiaiHrb MaxepiajiOBi ]i,jisi BcropiH. 

Cof^ltyerb npa aToacb pa^flpaxb en^e h to: 6uji'h jib aBrropb 
spocnmi CBtfA^TejieBrB co6uTitt, Hjrar se ohi npBHBicajrb vb hbxi 
ttBoe H CBJiBHoe y^acrie: «qnorum pars magna fdi», — KasTb ro- 
^piTB Ha6oJBHiifi dneft; noroiry vro ne bc^ pascBa^iiHBB TaB'B ace 
cipwfflH, Baai BTOTB iipocro;jymHHt repoS, h Baa;^OMy ^ejiOB^By 
^•ofcTBeHHO npeyBe^nHBaib po», BoropyiooHb arpajTb BiBSBtcr- 
^fo% cotfarLixi. Jl^ase tOTB, bto 6iiBB,jph npocraifB jiBoib spBTe- 
^ sa^aeiyio Bootipasaevb, ^to pyBOBOAHjn Bcbirb: HOBTopflercn 
*tmai Hciopifl Hyxn h (fan cb wLjvowb. FpeBBajib apBHax-iesBTb 
^ ml Hocjrtxwft Bateit)piB. He to, ^to^u ohb xoxoxswii b% 
^<M (nHomeflii ffl repByaecOBurb croji6oB%, ho BaBi 0ti to hh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



250 BftOTBIK'b iwoim. 

6uxOj a no noBOxy ero ^espaajH otfMOjrosjicfl cjri^^Qrioii^ett myrBol 
«fl c^Hiaio FpeBHJjifl caicuH'B TugecjaBHrnrB ^eiOBtsoirb fb idpb 
a Mes^QT T^iTB fl MHTajTB S^HiiepoHa H 8HaK6irB cb ByABepom 
Jhttohomi*. 

IIpoHcxoAfl H31 BapBHKCKaro ^Koxa, bhjvb repi^ora IIopTjdHx 
cxaro, FpeBejjiB 6ujn> evl ^HCia itxi HeMHornx'B 6aioBHefl cyxhfiiii 

BOTOpilMl CrbHTb TOJIBKO pOXHTBCfl Ha CB^Tb, HT06£I 6eITB CVaCTJff- 

BUMH. ^BaAi^aTH jrIrE oh% 6ujrb cjsibiSLWh ceKperapeiTB XHHHciep- 
CTBa, a KB 1821 r. nojiy^HJB iri^cio, elto, Jiynnie csasaTB, sHa^m- 
T&iBHyH) CHHesypy « Clerk of the Conndl*, soropyio yxepsHBan 
sa co6ofi xo 1839 r. IIpHxoxfl HenpepuBHO vh oonpintocHOBeHi^ 
Cb BHaiceHHTOCTflifn jsfiSLy owb ch paHHHx^ nopi Ba,;QnfajrB h jspm^ 
BejTB KB HcnojiHeHie mucjib o jifieBfansibj Boropiift TenepB ira^Hi 
uoui ero CMepxH h fb lewHiE ro^a pasomeica ^eTaepiHifi hb^ 
xaeieiTB. 

^HeBHHicB HM&rB, ci^AOBaTejiBHO, ycnix'B H ycn&TB sacjiyseHi 
HHtt, HecioiBBO no Konecmey shhth, crojbbo ho HMusecfMy ^^i 
TOKB. Kas^ H noBasHBaoTB ero sarjiaBie, kb neiCB roBopircH, rjaB 
HHM'B otfpasoiTB, oti^B 9nox']&, coBna^aion^efi cb i^apcTBOBaHifliq 
Feopra lY n BHjBrejnjia IV. Ho pa8CBa» Bacaerci ne oxnol 
TOJIBKO Ahtjuh: aBTop^B cootfqaerB nopoio JDotfomiTHiui noxpoi^HOcq 
H8i pasroBopoRB (TB HHOCTpaHHEoui nocxaHHiTBaMH H xinuoMaraia 
R'B TOMy se, oh'b mhofo nyTeniecTBOBa.rB h ne nponycsaerB cjyi 
lafl pascEasaiB, ^t6 owh bhx:6ji'b lairB-H-cflirB, ^6 ropasxo ssie 
pecnie ero nyTeBaxi* Bneiaxjii^Hifi h cthxotbophbix'b ^niaBifi, ko 
TopHMH owh yBjeBaeicfl nopoio^ Rasi, HanpHM'ipx, npH Biifexi^ vsfi 
Heanojia. 

Poccifl HeojpLOKpaxHO ynoMBnaercfl vh pascBasarB aroro Henc^ 
Tonpiicaro noBtcTBOBareJUi. Byxy^n Vh Peici vh 1830 r., Fpei 
BflJiJiB noBHaBOMHjcfl CB rpa4K)irB KcaBBe-x^MerpoifB n repi^oroiQ 
^aaB^eproiTB, a iepe» nocpexcrBO noci^AHflro noxpysHJica ch rpa- 
^icB x^-•3a-$epoHH6, ^pamQrscBHirB nooiaHHHKOM'B npH pyocBom 
XBopi. BorB neOoiBinai anHBO^B, soropu^ oh!b oootfn^aerB no avoiqi 
soBOxy^ BiiBOflfl nepBonaqajBHO na (^ny repi^ora ^aA6epra. 

«Ohb roBopH^TB MHt HaBaHyHt npo Jia-^epOHH^, onHCsiBaa eci 
xamejiOBiBa o^eHL BxpaBoimcjiflniaro h Hecraaro, ho «<Iiaife9ie»^ 
russe*. Bqepa BO^epoirB (24 Mas 1630 r.) btotb caiiiifl la-^pofiHJ 
paBCBasiiBan Hani npo 6yHrB raapxefii^eBB, KoroimirB osnaiieHO^ 
BaiocB na^ajo i^tpcrBOBaHla hm nepaiopa HEBOias, 6yBTB, Boioparc 
OBB 6urh CBHA^TejieMB; ohb roBopHn nairB o nB&ffffimi Bjoiepai 
Topa H pasroBopi^ Boropufl orb HM'fijcb cb hbmb hIicbojbbo Bf^ 
MeHE cnycTfl; Bce axo 6£ijio pascBasano o^enB tojbobo h cb 6ojar 



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I17B1 H IHTIPAT7PA Vb GOBPBUHHOfi IHrJUH. 251 

BUI xapoiTB. Owb cootfn^Ji'B naiii, qio na Apyroft ffiicb nocjA 
1^ rBapxefli](effB BecL jpriuoMaTHHecRifi sopnycB ABHJicfl ite hm- 
wfmfjy BOTopufi nposBHecB npeBocxoAByK) pim> oh coBepmeHHO 

CnOKOtESUTB BHAOITB. ROHHHBl ayXieHipK), FOBOpHlTB j[a-$epoHH6, 

-HHepaiopB npoBejii ero b^ CBOft BaCnHerb, r^* sajEJca cjre- 
2IMI, BOCBjni^afl: «bii bha'&jih neHfl bi poiH HMnepaxopa: bu le- 
nepbTBHABie nejioB'iKa cb ero ^yBCTBHranBHocTLK). JBE roBopio ch BaMH, 
im CB jy^niHirb xpyroirB^ A^a KOToparo y MeHfl wkTh umevo 
ccptiaro*. HimepaTopi npH6aBHji'B, ?to owh necvacTH^niifi vm 
u)j[d) BUHysAeHHufi BCTynHTb Ha npecro^'b, BOioparo HHsorAa ne 
nm, H nocraBjieHHiitt bi» canoiTL eaqajit CBoero i^apcTBOBaHifl 
a caitoe iflsoioe h TpyAHoe noJiojEenie; xota oh^b HHsorAa ne 
qwauca ki» npecrojy, ho lenepB, KorAa ofb eicy AOCTajca, CBy- 
An ero yAepsaxB h san^ETHTB. EorAa jia-$epoHH^ xoHqHJTB: 
^Lktendez-vous, — csasajTB ^ajBtfeprx: — comme il parle avec 
gott Cela lui est personnel. L'empereur ne lui a pas dit la moi- 
^ de tout cela» ^). 

OxHOft mrb saM^naTejBHiix'B seHn^HHB tofo BpeneHii, paraio 
^BaxeHHTot KaBi bo $patii;iH, n^asi h bi» Pocdii, BHarHHi JlHBeffB, 
^ttie OTBeAeHO lActo vh 8texi» Menyapax'B: h nocji'6 loro^ u6 
neaji o nefi maTOiipiaHi, 6yAerB ho 6e8HHTepecH0 yssaiB aiy 
BOByn xapaBTepHCTHBy. FpeBHUB imijrb cjljhhA nosHaROMHTBCfl cb 
Kl Fb 1819 r., vb OyriaHA'B-IIapipl, pe8HAeH^iH repnora lopK- 
cnro. 

«dTa SKeHnpraa, — roBopnrB ohi, — BecBMa saiciqaTeJBEa, h 
o%BL MHia, KOTA^ saxoierB. Ona 6oraTO OAapena, ho coBHaerB 
CBoe npeBocxoACTBO ne neeie, sasB h HHirosecTBO Apymxi joo- 
itf. H npespime, Kasoe ona HBraerB si yiiy oBpysaion^Hxi ee 
^xeft, AiiaeTB to, rto ona ne awtb ce&b TpyAa npaBHTBca h se 
woxBTB HHsaKoro yAOBOJBCTBifl B!B o^H^eciB^. MaHepu efl Hcno^* 
BeHH rpaipH h lyBCTBa co<$cTBeHHaro AOcroHHCiBa: bto otje^ho 
oi^Baasas oco4$a. Ona miTaeiCfl HHorAa 6utb lacsoBoft vh 06- 
xo^neno; ho a^^^tb bto HetfpesHO h neiOBKO, noioHy hto nys- 
ciByeici ycoiie. Ona aoboahtb MaBuo CKyBH ao Tasoft cieneHH, 
^ He cricHaeroi rb o^n^eeiBi 6msadbsaa.% Apy^efi othaMSLTb, 
^ yupaeTB otb »yBH... Osa nmnerb raB'B se xopomo, xasi h 
'^^^oprofc, ch lerBOCTBH) h npejecnio ipesBuiafiHofi, h coBcftm 
^ ee He jao6arb h Apyseft y nett muo. MaHepu ea xojoahh 
> <;;iepsaHHH, h Tara xaio AotfpoAymifl npocBbuiaen bi ea tys- 
^ co6crBeHHaro AoeiOHBci»a) hto HenHorie jk)ah p&naiOTCfl npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



252 B^GTHIKl BBPOmi. 

6irTb jiex'hy vb KOTopoMx oHa ce6fl, noBHXHMOMy, 3aMopo3Ej[a» (t 
I, p. 13). 

drcTb noprperB, ne oco(JeHHO lecTHKift, a&6tb aobojibho B^Hoe 
noHflTie He6pejCH0CTH cjiora h ^aerkxi noBTopeniHX'B. FpeBHxiB 
npocTO saHHMaTejBHuft 6osryB%j noaroiiy ne hi^o xpetfoBaTB otb 
sero rjy6HHti b'b oiftHst nojniTH^ecRHX'B cotfuriff. O&b oxeoff oa^ 
BanBHaftamxi pe^pirb vb Hcropin coBpeMenHoft AnraiH, o «Reform 
Bill» 1832 r., OHX pascysAaerB laiTB, BaB% npejinHO tojilro cra- 
pawb tfojrrjraBHSTB CTapyxaiTB. He Bdb BnojiH'i noHHiiaiarb ssa^e- 
Hie BToft pe({K)pMKi: ona ^iiiia Hacxoflii^efl peBOJK)^iett, He Meeie 
Baaaaott no CBoeifB nocji^ACTBiflirB, niyLT> peBOJioi^fl 1688 roxa. 
Be'binHefl peBOjnoi^iH, HacBAcxBeHHaro nepeBopoTa, npaB^a, ne 6ujio, 
HO dTO npoHsoinio rjiasHuirL oCpasoiTL orroro, ^rro, vb npoTHBflocrb 
otftt^HOEy xo^ Ben^eft, RopojB n mhhhctph ($iura na cropofffe ea- 
poAa. Ho yMH 6kijih Rpaflne nanpHseHH h Bceo6a^ee 6poseHie 

JMOBl B'B CoeAHHeHHOlTB SOpOaeBCTB^, BOJIHOHifl Bli JlOB^OB^bj Bup- 

MBHreM-fe H ManqecTep^, CyHiH h noaapH vh Bpmctoxb — Bce 
xaerB AynarB, hto crpamHafl peBOJ^o^ifl paspasHjiacB 6ti, eciH6a 
jopAu He ycryniuiH nanopy odn^ecTBeHHaro HHi^Hifl. Hssi^CTHO, 
sasi Majio-no-Majy h nyxeiTB BeiHSHX'B ycHJiitt 6eijih 3aBep6o- 
fianu waveres (K0Ae6AHmie€H)j h bi sHaMeHHTOirB sac^A^mH 14*ro 
anpiuu 1832 r. Chjjib o&b H36HpaTejBHofi pe4K)pMi ($iui hphhatb 
Vb BepxHeft naiarb (k).iBinHHCTBOEi 9-tii fojiocob^ 

FpeBHJijB coo6a^aeTB, nesAy npo^QMi, BecBMa HHrepecHua no- 

XPO0HOCTH 06l OTOXl BeJIHEOlTB C06hmU] HO BCe BTO MejB^aerB Vh 

ero ptBCBaai. Tiwb ne moh^ ^rtu Bi^pHs, noAnmnn h HBosyrh 
MarepiajTB, rotophm'b ne AOJiaKeHi npeoe^peraTB HcropHBi^ btoS 
Baauiofl anoxH. Cjobobtb csasaTB, KHsra saciysiBaerB, no Rpaft* 
Heft irl^ AO H-itOTopoft creneHg, ycn^x'B, BcrpiqeHHuft eio h ro- 
topHtt Mosw) 6aso si^aBr6e npeABHAtiB bx crpairt, vgk otfa^ecreo 
lUKi naARO AO HeaRHxi 4>a^KT0Bi H jmnuxx aHeRAOTOsi. 

OoBctm moft xapasrepB hochtb xonra, npenoAHecaraaa jiop- 
AoiTB ^soHOiTB Poooeiem nytfnici, noAi^ sarjaBieirB «RecoUectioDs 
and Si^gestions*. ^HocjitAHUI hsi raroBi», anoiTOJx m sa^HH- 
n^HKi HB^upaTejBBott pe^[K>pMH, 3axoT&ii npeAcraBBTB n,Kb caasan 
pesjaiiy coOtiTifi, vb Koropuxs oh% nrpajn Basflyio poiB vb nep- 
B^ft nojOBHH'b HEiHtnrairo crojciiu. Bosa^ Ji6epaiBHoft napria 
cb 1834 no 1866 r., hma ero CBHsano cb Cbjomen ^Krm aejK* 
wMX'b wbfTb, soTopBfl nvb cyniecrBMHO nsicteuH, vb cntcat cbo6oa;b 
m nporpecca, ctojib vijtioEO apncroRpaTH^ecRyxi ffsn^A aoncnTyipBD 
BejiHRo6pHTaHiH. TperiS ceihi 6-ro repi^ora EeA^pAcaaro, poahr- 
mificji Bx JIoHAoni wb 1792 r., jiopAi ^sohb PoccejB c^d^jnuca 



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HiTSl H JOITSPlTyPl Vb OOBPUBHHOfi iHrJDE. 253 

unon napjaiieHTa otb M^cre^Ka TaBHcrofti, fl 1813 r., sa 
iloiTi xo CBoero coBepmeHHOjim. Yse vb 1819 r. ohi nox- 
DA Bonpoci o($i HstfapaTejiBHOft pe4K)pH%, h cb arofi anoxH pse- 
aie ero ne oxja^'i^Bajo. Om^Ha «Test and corporations Act8», 
nafliqiDaiqfl BaToiHKOBx, BBexenie rpaacAaHcsaro 6paRa (bi> 1836 
rojf), BoxBopenie CHCremi CBo6oxHoft loproBjH h pe^pua no 
^ 0<$pa3OBaHni — Bce aro wbpuy soropHfl owh noxxepsHBajTB 
CBom Bjiflsieirb, a h^rotopha hstb huxi B086ysxcHH h xoBexeHU 
ID vmfL TOJBso no ero HnnaiaTHB^. 

•^ETb PoCCeJB, rOBOpHTB JOpX* BpyiTB, — OXHHL H81^ 

anaa 3aH^HaTejBnEixi> jioxeft^ cb 6ojBmott TBepxocTBio bojih, xo- 
imwi nopoft xo ynpflMCTBa, ohohb x'bflTeJBHujR: owb unoro ^n- 
nn I MHoro nHcajTL... Eaisi oparopi^ owh acem h TpesBi, Ras^ 
*debater>, owb bbixoxhtb hsi p^xy bohi. Bx KatfHneri om Bce- 
na iuib oxnmrB bbi^ lixi xBepxuxi jooxefi, EOiopue ae orciy- 
iSDii HH nepex:B vim h na EOTopuxi mosho nojosHTBCx. Qob 
Tan yirlpeni vb ce&b, hto BOBBMOTCfl sa hto yroxno, h ecTB B'k" 
uiopee ocHOBanie fb mync^ Gnxnea GMHra, csasaBmaro: ^Jiopxi 
ri;»»5 o;iHHaROBO roroBi npBHATB BOManxoBanie ^jotoitb Jla^ 
MaHnu, laiTB h npoHSBecrn onepaiulo BaiiHfl ^)». 

EoropoxnBifi rpafrB (tb neroxoBanieMi OTsepraerB aiy noc^^bx- 
BVD oqtHiy ero xapaBiepa, na crpaHHi^'i 346 csoefi bbhph, — h 
ooBctn flanpacHO, fyuneui^ mu. IIpHHflBniH myrBy cb xopomeft ero- 
fOflfi, BeiBSfl He csasaxB, ^to oea npexcraBjiflerB xobojibho Bip- 
nd (j^RTB, a BMenno — cyn^ecTBOBaHie y Jiopxa Jl^sona Ka^ecTBa^ 
peo6xoAHMaro x-^a rocyxapcTBeHearo qejiOB'iBa: cic&iocth. Rrkb 6u 
M BH 6ujo, SH3HB ero ne npomja x^poirB, n noBflTna, n bsbhhh* 
KAHa saBOHnas ropxpCTB, npocBt^HBaion^afl no BpeMonairB nsTB-nox^ 
t^oifiol o6ojiOHBB, BOTopoK) OH'B o6jieBaeTB TO, ^t6 MoasHO na*- 
^ noBicTBOBaHieifB o&b ero noxBHraxi. RoBra nanHcana asHBO, 
^ TOK) flCBocTBH), BOTopafl OT.iHHavia efo pi^H. ?HTaTeA naxo*- 
m n Beit o^enB to^hbia cB^xinia o ^^srax'B h o napiiaxi; 
npu I HOBaa nojiBTHsa bhtobi, HanpHiripi, xapasTeproyerca vb 
Ki CO Bcefi KOMnereBTHOcrBK), Basyio o&bmfiLevb ma aBTopa (p. 
P-43). 

, IIpABj^a, lairB-H-CflsrB nonaxaaxrca BEipaaLenia, Morynpa npn- 
Ncn Bi ornaame 'rtx*B, BOiiy ne Bno.iHi snaKOMa tiopB($a napriS, cb 
BilSesucjeBHiucH aBceccyapaMB. Tasi, nanpaicipi, aBTopi neoxno- 
W*w CB ropeqBH) h fh^bom'b BucBaanBaerB cBoe neroxoBame na 

.The Life and Times of Henry Lord Brongham", written by Himself. 3 voL 
••*«i Blackwood and Sons. 187 L t. IH. p. 469—70. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



254 BIGTHIK'^ XBPOIIKI. 

«Adullamites», a «Gaye of Adallone> HeoAHOspaTHO noMHEaerci 
vh Mjmrb ch rpoMSHMH npoBJiflrLiMH. TyTB saBjnoqaercfl HaMesfB na 
HacM^msy, csasaHHyK) JH^xobowl EpafixoM'B fb anoxy naj^emi 
satiHHera Poccejia vb 1866 r. Jl^ixo mjo o eoBOft nsfiHpaTejiBHoi 
pe^pM'6, CB T^X'B nopB npoBe;(eH90fi j^ajBine h yB^HqaHHOtt Topii- 

eSHMl MHHBCTepCTBOlTB Vh 1860 V. H'lCBOJIBRO JH6epajlBHHXl Vie* 

HOBi, coexHHHBmncB cB KOHcepBaTopaifH, HBBBeprjni Jiopxa JI,soHa 
Poccejifl, H BorB lorAa-TO JijiRowh BpafirB sanflTHan ueeoBB mft 
KoajiHi^H H Bi oco6eHHocTH jH^epajBHiix'B AesepTHpoBi, npe;^- 

BO^HTeJIBCTByeMUX'B M-pOlTB Jloy, CpaBHHBB HXl Cb JIH)XBMH, B0TO- 

pHe npHCoexiHHJincB bi ^aBH;^^^ yspBiBaBineHyai bi AxyiuiaHCBoft 
nen^epb otb flpociH Cayjia. «H bc* t6, y Koro xyjo miH j^f^ 
H 6BIJH jsflMTEy H t6, y ROTopHX'B ccp^i^e HOJiHO 6ujio Fope^H, npH- 

COeAHHHJIHCB Kb HCMy*. (GaMyHJTB, XXII. . 2). 

«9Ta raaftKa, — roBopirPB Jiop;^ Poccmb o coBpeiieHHHX'B ks^jl- 
jaHHTajTB, — MOserB 6utb pasx^jieea Ha Tpe rpynnu: nepBaa saimo- 
HaeTB Bi ce(54 eroHcroBi, BTopaa — poCkexx, iperBa — rSxi, BoropHe 
6ujm sa-pas^ h po6bh h aroHcru... KoHe^HOy 6bijo h h^cboibeo 
xopomHX'B JuoAeH vb arofi nen^epi. Ho, vb cyn^HOCTH, 2 ne BCrpi- 
Haji'B wb Te^eHiH Bcefi CBoefi nojnrH^ecBofi BapBepu naprur, 60- 
jrite jHineHHoS npHHi^EnoBi h naipioTHHecBHX'B crpeiueHiS. Korxa 
aiH 6aHAimi, coe;(HHHBinHCB cb TopiflHH^ ocraBHjm npaBurejBCTBO n 
MeHBimiHCTBt, Ka6HHerB cqen sa jiy^inee noAatB wb OTcraBsy, ee 
noTOMy, ^^o6hl owb ne MorB nepeHecTH neyxa^H bi a'&iA Ha(^ 
HOCTH HBdnpaTejiBHaFo saBona, ho ($fiuo acho, hto maftBa a^Qrjja- 
HHTOBX He ycnoBOHTCfl, noKa ne onposHnerB KHHHcrepcTBa. Bsi 
ipex'B rpymrB, BtimexniHX'B hsi a^^uiaHCBoS nen^epti, rpynna po6- 
SHX-B BostfysAaerB cocTpaxaHie, rpynna droHcroBi HeroffOBaHie. & 
rpynna potfrax'B arOHcroKB npe8p%Hie> (p. 286). Ectb, Kone^HO, 
H^BOTopoe JETOoe HexotfposejiaTejiBcrBO fb ero cjioBaxi, othoca- 
n^Hxcfl Kb ero npeennHsy. 

<fl ne Mory noB^pnTB, hto omntfaicfl, npexocraBHBB M-py 
PjaACTOHy pyBOBOACTBO Hapiiefi BHro-paABsaiBHOfi npH MHHicrep- 
CTBit najiBMepciona; sl mofb tojibbo BocxHn^aTBCfl ero TBepxocTBK) 
H pascyAHTeuHOCTBK) FB ynpaBjenm naniHiiH ^HHancaifH. R He 

HM^'B HBBaSOrO OCHOBaHifl ^QTMaTBy ^ITO OWb UBB^e ^ITB fl XOpO" 

JKHTB Hai^ionajiBHOft ^ecTBK>; hto ohl nen^, ^itb a, rop^pixcfl 
ycnixaMH nameft naipH na cynr6 h Ha Boxt; ^m) om npoTHB^ 
pacmiipeHifl namaxi BOJionifl; naBOHei^, wro ero H^pii 6jjijTb 
RjOHHTBCfl vb TOMyi ^to6h HHSBecTH BeiHsyH) H cjiaBHyK) HKnepiK); 
sa ynpaBjenie Koropoft owb tfpajca, na crenenB CyMaronpflAOftfloft 
^^pHSH H auaAa A^ineBiix'B TOBapoFB, cb apidei h ^JOTon} 



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H17S1 1 IHTKP1T7?! Bl COBPUBEHOi AHTJUH. 255 

oDexeHEHMH suKofi dKOHoideft xo nocj^AHefi cxeneHH 6eiscMjim 
icnlfeciH* (p. 294). 

Giofia 9m pisBH, 6utl KOserB npeyseiEHeHEi. OxeaKO, ecjiH 
vj/ssn BO BHHifaHie, mo h'^^ckojibbhmh crpaHHi^aMK jiiufbe aBiop^ 
gqien mxBjio cnpaBex^HBOCTB MHHHcrpy, BOTopoicy Anrjiifl o6s- 
iaea Tpexa aejiBBHEH pe^paiaMH: OTx^eeieirB ote rocyxapcTsa 
ipiiaBieKOft i^epsBH, nosenejiBHuiirB saBOHOirB x^a HpjiaHxiHy h sa- 
loaon o($B o(SpaaoBaHiH, tot^ ysHXHrB b% aTOiTB cysxemH npocTO 
HOEpemS BspuBi ocBop6jieHHaro naTpioTHsna, tImi 6oj6e, ^to 
odiieeneHHoe MHi^Hie uohth exHHoxynmo ciHraerB BHtmHiofO no^H- 
iRf riaj^cTOHa Heyxa^iHofi. %o sacaercA jiopxa A»OHa, to jiy^meft 
By])wl 1 HCTOHHHBOM'B sHB^ftmaro yxoBOJBCTBifl x^fl Hero XOJaKHO 
jjuTB TO, ^rro HHBTO HO ocnapffBaeTB y Hero npasa npons- 
Km ce((i canoirB cjFbfi:yiomjfo BejEsyio h HecJioaLnyio noxBajy, 
mifpo owb BBiCBasuBaerB fl oxhoitl wbcrk CBoeft khhth: «^to 
ticieici MeHji, TO; MH^ BaseTCfl, a Mory cxasaTB, biAcA cb B/b- 
mposB jioxBMH, ynpaB^flBmHMH x^jiaicH aroro Kpaa co BpeiieHH 
^eBomqpi 1689 roxa, ?to moh njbjiE 6ujai Bcerxa qecTHEi, a 
^'ocne xoHxi corpasx&Hi 6ajio exHHCTBeHHoft Moeft 8a6oTott h 

lip^imniB BCiX'B MOHX'B ycHjdfl». 



rv. 

)Sir Samtel Bakery pacha: Ismallia, a narrative of the expedition to central 
^ for the suppression of the Slave trade. London, Macmillan et C*. 1874. 
^ in 8*, 448 and 588 pages (with illustrations etc.).--2) David Livingstone: 
k isst jonmal in central Africa. London, John Murray. 1874. 2 vol. in 8^, 
3^ and 344 pages (with maps and illustrations). 

Enira capa GaiiyHja EaRspa nax^axa khofo myMy, ne 
Wio no CBoeiiy BHyTpeHHeny xocroHHCTBy, ckojbbo diaroxapa 
MimecKHirB HexopaayMiHinirB, BusBaHHinrB eio. Mh mtiiewb 
^ yse He cb npocrairB nyremecTBeHHEROiTB, BOcropseHHinrB 
^mtaejiewb i^eHrpajiBHOft A^^^eke, xoropoMy idpi o6aMWh 
n^^eirB osepa AjiB6epB HiaHsa ^); nepex^ naicH erEneiCKifi ca- 
t^BUBB, nama, o(SieqeHHiift o44^H^iaJ[BHoft xojaKHocTBio erenercBHirB 
IKiBon, HsuaHJOiTB, BaK!B ToiTB HanoMHHaeTB j[H)6e8HO sarja- 
^ BBcraBieHHoe na o6ju>7ejA khhth: «Ismallia». 

Bb Hawaii 1869 roxa, BHi^e-sopon erHnercBifi nopyiHXB na 



' 9 Cv. lesxy ■pexHxymiUiH coTOHemjoiH capa Gaifyua fidiepa ^Albert N'yansa* 
'^ Kik tributaries of Abyssinia*. 



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256 BIMTTHHR'B SBPOIIH. 

^erupe roAa capy CaMynjy Easepy, c:b BticmHMH nojHOMO^knE, 
BEjioqafl npaBO sbshh h CMeprH, BOMaHAoeame naxi aKcnexnoet 
vb E^eHTpajbHyK) A^pHsy. IIo saiuioqeHiflifB j^epiffaHa, ascnexHip 
opraHHSOBajiacB «a^ noBopeeifl BaacTH xeAHBa crpaHi, aexanpxi 
Ha lorb OTB FoHAOBOpo: ^z yHH^Tosemfl Topra neBOJiBHisaia; 
^2 ycraHOBjieHk cncieMH npaBHJiBHiiix'B loproBHxi CHomeHil^ ijul 
OTKpuTifl HaBHraiuH no BejiHKHM'B osepaM-B dKBaiopa, HaxoBe^B, 
Xiii ocHOBaHifl pflAa BoeHHuxi> cxaHiufl h lOprOBUXX BOBtOpL, 
Ha pascTOflHis xpex'B jifieU xoAh6u xpyrb otb Jtpyra, HstfpaBB Foh- 
AOBopo AenrpoirB onepai^itt> («Isma][lia», p. 7). 

Bote TeKcn j^HpiiaBa, h HaAo cosHaTbCfl, ^ito xe^HBi fb jlkjA 
npHCoeAHHeflifl ne i^epeicoHEJCfl. FoHAOBopo — poa:b crani^iH na B&- 
jiowh Heat, hoa'b 4 rpa^. c&BepHofi mHporu h 32 rpax* boctov 
Hofi AOviroTu (no FpEHBH^cBOiiy MepHxiaHy), h, npHcoeAHHaa crpaHii, 
CBo6ojs,Busi vh lory, He 6ujio pesony ocraHaBjiHBaTbCfl paHBme, 
qini AofiAemB jifi anrjificKHX'B BjaAtnifi Muca Jl(o6poft Ha^esffB* 
Ha jvkjA HMiincB bi BH^y rjiaBHuirb otfpasoifB seiUH, aezantu 
Mesffy BRBaTopoiTB H 4-irb rpax- c^Bepnofi nrnpOTH, ch oxHoft cio- 
poHu, MeaiAy 31 H 3 5 -its rpaAycami BocioqHOft fjojirom ch nfff- 
rofi. TaBOBO h 6iijio no^TH npocrpaHCTBOi npofixoHHoe BBcneff* 
i^ei n npHCoeABHeeHoe b'b Ereniy. 

^HTaTejB; HHTepecyK)ii4flcfl nyTemecTBiflMe, npo^Hxaenb bth pa 
TOMa ecjiH 6e3i» hojbsu, sa to cb yxoBOjaiBCTBieirB. CaifyHja Easepi 
conpoBOSAajii otpaa'b erHnercBaro BoficBa b'b 550 HeJ0FlBi>, h, 
BpoMt Toro, OT<$opHB[fi OTpflff^, ospen^eHEiifi, H, JSB,jpb Baseror] 
He 6e3i> ocHOBanifl, crpannBiMi HMeneM'B «CopoBa BopoBi*. 3tb 
BoopyseHHaa CHJia naBjieBjia na nero 6ojiBme HenpiaTHOcreft h sanai 
flfiBiHj ^^wb 910 MOSHO 6Biao npe^nojiaraTB. CoHHHeme HanoiHeHO 
pascBasanH o cpaseniflX'B u BHesanHuxi BanaAeHiaxi, o saBsxi hi^ 
laeniB fb ponanaxi* Kynepa. MorHBane h Giy saM^HeHBi ypozeej 
i^aMH $aTHBO, Yniopo h np. — Bce AHBapaMH canaro xyAmaw 
cBoflCTBa — Bce HerpaicH, BOTopuifB npHpoAa ornycTHJia yiia poBB^ 
HacTo:3BBO, ^rroCu y^HBaTB, BopoBarB, jtraxB h HanHBaxBCfl. Ed 
TaMTB ofjiiwb BopojB, Ho-BMeHH Ra66a-Pera, Boropul oahhi crdoT^ 
Bcixi BHC^jiBHHBORB, BM^teii BSHTux'B. Ohi yMacjiBBaen GaiiyHii 
BdBepa JBCTHBUMH p'iqaMu, nojy^aerB noAapsH h Bocropraerd 
Mesxy npoTHiTB, fln^TBOMi cb HystiBott, «9yAecHoft BBTAymsoft, m 
TopyK) BBi M02EeTe cjiymaTB ho Be^epani, mo6u ycnyrB, Borjl 
Bu cjiHniBOMi HBflHu, mTo6u caMOMy BrpaTB na BascnrB-HHtfyjl 
HHcrpyiieHTi* (t. 11, p. 240). Btotb Moeapxi OTpaB:ifleTB co«*a 
EdBepa, ffi^Tb OMy nacroa^ee cpaaKenie, fb KoropoirB j6«i 
MHoro erHnercBBxi coj^arB, h sariirB (kKSHrca eify, tto obi 



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HiTBl H JnrTBPATTPi Wb GOBPSKEHHOi AHTIIH. 257 

rnneb xkA He npH^eiTE. Ha^o cosHaiBCfl, hto h eninercKie coji- 
imi yABBHTe»HH vh CBoeirb poxk: naqajikHHR'B sacraerb bxb 
<wuwi Ha TQiTb, "910 OHH co($HpaaBCB cospaTb cupofi H ospo- 
laaieHHufi bjcori newHE oahofo nerpa, vb naxesx^, tto Bcxbfr 
am aroro hh oabhx nerp^s ne cnaceicfl orb nxi pyseSHux'B 

KoHe^HO, CsatjEJi'b BasepB kb 8tomi> ne BBHOBan, ho ocbniHo 

EOCI^ 8T0r0 ^HTaXBy RaSB OAHH^ OS'S anrjiltCBHX'B KpHTHBOB^ 

ii9upaKuierB ero cb rbwbj hto ohi «BUBa3ai% Hacrofl^HBocTB, 
JMBOCTB H ryMaHHOCTB aHFjiificKaro dotceumMMena* . A aro ct6hjio 
jiOiasaTB TyseMi^ui'B i^enipajBHoS A^pasE. TaBi BasB 8to, bo 
KBUiWb CJLy^&% eAHHCTBeHHBifi pesyjiBxarB dscneABi^H, to cnpa- 
miBaeniB ce6ji: CTbnrB jih no3;q)aBjflTB Boro 6u to hh 6ujlOj h 
sasHM!B o6pa80M'B ^KTb BTopsenifl uoffii^ HOSHpaioiitHXi ne^eHB 
oohx'b Bparofii, MoserB coA'bttcTBOBaTB otfpasoBaniH) cepAAa h yua 
a^^pHsaHCBHXfB Tyoeiaifiwb? 

Btotb neycD'^xB saBHCuxii orB ycJioBifi ascneAHi^iH. AHrjifiCBas 
npecca eAiiHOjQrniHo nopHAaja capa CaMynjia Basepa sa to, ^rro 
Offb npHHjM'B 8X0 nopyqeme otb ernHercBaro BHii^e-Bopoiui. Bo-nep- 
Biix'B, ^TO Bacaexcfl ^asTa npHcoeAHHeHia b'b Ernnxy AeHTpaiBHOtt 
A^HBH, TO saiii^ajH, HTO He sbjio aHFjiH^aHBHa noMoraiB xe^BBy 
Bi icieciojio6HB£ix'B saiibicjaxi, BJOHfln^Bxcfl HH 6oji']&e, hh MeHte, 
uffB B^B TOMy, hto6b[ ocHOBaTB a4>pHBaHCByH) HMnepiH), npeAHasna- 
iieHHyK) BHpocTH Ha pasBajHHax'B BOHcranTHHonojibCBott. EraaerB 
BB Hacrojin\yK) HBHyry flBJiBercB bjiotomi b'b HhaIh, h MOserB 
cjy^HTBCfl, STO Anrjiifl BHHy»;^eHa 6yflerB, fb caMoicB nenpoAOJi- 
snejBHoifB BpeMeHH, BH'iinaTBCfl b'b ero a^^- «Ectb oxho o(5cTOfl- 
lejBcrao, — roBopurB anoBBMHufi bphthbi^^— Boropoe aHrjiificBie rocy- 
;^pcTBeHHiae jioxh aojukbu hm'I^tb Bcer^a bi BH^y h 6iitb no- 
CTOHHHO Ha-roTOBt Ha cjiyqaft x'^ficTBiB; a HKeHHo: no:iHoe sanflxie 
crpaHn» ^). Bqepa en^ M-pi» EpaccH, ueni napjaiieHTa, Bupa- 
JULTB Ty se Hxeio na iiHTHHr^. Bb btoicb oTHomeHiH naxoAan^ 
TO) BBcnexwpfl CaicyHJia BdBepa Morja BxflHyTB Ahtjuh) kb gbm 
ptt3»me, H^iTB 8T0 6bijo 6u efi acejiaTejBHO. 

BOTB BaBB CMOXpflTl B'B AhFJUH Ha BOHpOCB HpHCoeAHHemH 

aenejB ueHxpaiBHOft A^phbh vb EinnTy. %6 Bacaexcfl Topra ne- 
BoiBHHBaMH, TO C8py CaMyHjy EdBepy saiitHajiHy ^to HeBOABHHTO- 

CTBO KB HaCTOflO^ BpeiUI HpOI^BlxaeTB y OAHHX'B JIHDIB MycyjBMaffB^ 
I YIO XpyXHO HOB^pHTB HCI^HHOCXH Xe^HBa B'B 8X0MI A'&li. B^ 

>) Fraser's Magazine.— Mars, 1875. 

Ton JL— Jtoin, 1876. 17 



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258 B«GTHm EBPOSSL 

XByxi TOMaxi cowHeeifl Baxepa, mbi Bcrpi^iaeirB ojpioro cyttioeia, 
Hrpaionviro po» sjioa'^a bi Meaoxpaift — 9to HtsiB A6y-GayjcB, 
«oxoTHHBi Ha joojffii* xyAmaro CBottcTBa, Haxox«ii(itcf ea cxjMiSi 
J oxHoro ToproBoro aome wh KapryH'i. dion apa((s ycrpanan 
a BdxepOH'B Ai>flBOJibCBiii mryBH, rasisb BaRrB totb jreHJCiiy mX^o 
noufkmBUb ero A'^axejibHOCTH,— B086ysAajrB npoiHBi Hero njexeaa, 
BOTopufl Morjii 6ei ocraBaTBCfl HefiTpaiBHuicH, h tfiurb onacn npi- 
^HHoft neycnixa ascnewi^e: Baxepy y^aiocB apecroBan ero. H bo 
BTopoMi TOMi, nocraBHBi yse cjobo < finis ^^ owb npH6aBi2eii 
cj^Ayion^ee He(k)Jii>moe sairt^aHie, iiBjiflioii^eecfl HpaBoyqemeirB shhte 
H BBcneAHiUB: <noc^']& Moero oxi^Aa HSiErHnra, A6y*Cay;^ 6Biib 
Biinyn^eHi na cBo6oAy h HadHa^eHx aAnoraHToirB Moero npeex- 
HHBa» (t. U, p. 314). 

HecMorpfl Ha wtotl nojBTHqecBitt h HpaBCTBeflHufl Heycirbrb, 
SHHra, HOBTopflH), HHTepecHa h HoyqHTejBHa, Rasi AHeBHHS'B nyie- 
mecTBifl, 6oraTiitt ({^asTaMH h ansrsoAaMH Bcflxaro poxa. Kb neiiy 
npHioseHu sapru, no BoropuifB mosho cxbjijsTh sa Bcbiin ne- 
pHneriflMH ascneABAiH, h sa&i'b^aTejiBHBia H^joocrpai^H, H8*b koto- 
pux'B H^BOTopufl npHHaxjesarB sapaHxamy oxHoro isffh camirB 
saifiqaTejiBHuxi jiohxohcbhxi aprHcroBi, ^lopony. 

nocx6xHitt XHeBHHiPB JiflBiajsfi. JiHBHHrcTOHa npexcraBJifieTi toibxo 
TOTB HHTepecB, BOTopult HaM'B Bcerxa BHymaeTi BejiHBOxynmiift ^e- 
jOB^Bi, craBmitt jceprBoft CBoero caiiooTBepseHifl. Ho oxHoro Be- 
jTHBOxyniifl H caMooTBepsoHifl ne Bcerxa 6iiBaerB xocraTO^no: pe- 
syjEBTaTH, XO^BiTue &bjs,fmwh xoBTopoirB, boho^ho, necopasiftpHu ch 
noHeceHHBiMH hitb TpyxaHH. 

PoXHBniHCB FB IIIOTjaHXiH Bl 1817 T.y CX^aBHIHCB OXHHMl 

H9B caicuxi x^flrejiBHBix'B ^jeHOBi jnoHxoHCBaro «o<}ii^ecTBa HHcdo- 
HepoFB>y OB'B npoBei'B 66jihmyv) nacTB CBoett asHSHH fb i^eBrrpajB- 
Hoft A^pHvb, npecjii^xyn sa-pas^ cboh) xBoftHyio i^^^b, BairB eBa&re- 
n^ecsaro MHCcionepa u BaBi y^enaro. Bb Ba^ecTB^ nociixBflro 
HMfl ero 6yxerB asHTB bi noBiftmeft rec^a^j^in A^phbh, BasB or- 
BpUBmaro odepo HranH n piBy IIIa][($e3e. Ho orBpum ero x^- 
jeBO He TBBi BasHHy BaBi OTBpHiJfl BepioHa, CnHBa h Besepa. 
HecMorpjE na ero MHcdoHepcBoe pBenie, nocjitxHee otferoflreiBCTBO 
He Maao MyHHJo JlHBHHrcroHa, BOTopuft xaace yBJieBcs iracjiK), w) 
CHCteEa maM^ese xoucna 6iitb rjaBHmrB hctoboitb Hnja: npex* 
noi02B6Hie, c^HTaeicoe omH^o^HinrB 6ojiBinHHCTBOMS reorpa^FB. 

JI^jui npoFbpBH erOy obtb npexnpHHfljii vh 1866 r. esoe no- 
cjri&XHee nyremecTBiey npepBannoe ero CMeprBio fb 1873 r. %- 
TaiejH noMHATBy BaB'B nocaaHHutt «New lork Herald'a», x-pi 



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mj&k E JUTIPITTPA Vb OOBPBXEHHOi IHTIIE. 259 

OieHJH, Hanie.li ero fe 1872 r. 6jb9b Yf^wimjn: JlHBiHrcTOHi, yse 
iRcn i^bi HazoxHBmificfl vh axHSb crpasax'By ci y6ificTBeHHiueB uh- 
mon, He zorbrB oiBasaTBCji on ceoero npeAnpiaTui h jue^p^ otb 
XHOceffrepiff. JI^HeenHKi ero tojibbo noBTopenui h pasrjiarojBCTBOBa- 
mi vh nepeiieaRRy cl HHTepecHUMH 4>ftKi'&^H. <0h^ 6ujtb npesA^ 
icero xpucmiancKUMi MuedonepoMSj — roBopHTB «Quarterley Be- 
Tiew>. — H TO^Ho: tojibro HSBicxHafl ]^01B MHCTHi^HSMa Morja bh- 
pBm y Hero cji'6AyH)ii92 cjiOBa, tfeanpecraHHO ^OBTopflK>I^iflCfl vh 
m KBErk «RorAa totb, bto Bce Moserx, BHnojiHBrB cboh npe^Ha- 
vpitHifly Tor^a ^AJbrnsBz crpana CTaHerEOAHoftii8iHy^CH%ftDiiix'b!> 
(t II, p. 81). MesAy Tbyn> H8i ero cotfcTBeHHuxi noRasaHifi, 
piBso Kas^ H H8i ifaTepiajiOBi, AOcr&B.ieHHux'B xpyrnm, buto- 
um, HTO HerpH i^eHTpajibHoft A^phkh — raycH'^iiinafl hsi pacB, sa 
KnopurB MOserB BpaeHto qejiovb^ecxBo; paca, fifijsEjeECtByjomu, 
DO Hoeny MHimH), HC^esHyiB co BpeMeneHi cb JHi^a seiuHy j^s 
flnVHaro 6jiaronojiy<iui ^ejOB^necTBa. H bto, npaBO, ne napa- 

lOKCB. 

?T0 Bacaercfl JlHBBHrcroHa^ to ero npHM^prB AOsaBUBaerB, b:b 
npoTiBHocTB TOMy, ht6 HeoAHoapaTHo yiBepasxajiocB, hto CHJBHaa 
Bojfl 6e8CHjiBHa H npHBOAHTi K'b HH^TOSHiiiTB peayjBTaiaMiy Borxa 
ee He noxspbiuflerB 6ojBmoft yiTB. 



V. 

Aifred Termpion: Queen Mary, a dmma. London. Henry King and ۥ, 1876. 

GyXB6a 6um luuocTHBa kt> naEi, sorxa hbi npeAnpHHHMaiH 
9Ty snepaTypnyK) BoppecnoHAenipiOi n ecje ona oaasercfl hohh- 
vpecaxAj to bhhok) BTOiiy HHKas'B yse ne MaiepiajH, AOcraBJue- 
itie HaiTB cyAb6oft. Ilocji'b Onoapra Mhju h /l^psa JIbiOHca b:b 
c^epi ^HJioco^iH, jO^sopa&a djiora fb poMasb, nocii capa FenpH 
Maaa e jopxa .fl^Ha Poccejw, nocjrt CyHntfopna cb ero «Bot- 
wjeiTB*, flBjflercfl TenHHCOHB ch CBoeft « Queen Mary». BpHran- 
ciii ym HaxoAHTca vh cubhoitb ^poseHie^ h BasKeiCfl, hto bcj^ 
Mnie KHCiHiejra h sHaifeHBTEie noeru auh ce<}£ cjobo oBnaice- 
BcmtTB BpyDHHMH npoBBBeAemfliiH nocjrbxHiDK) ^eiBepTB XlX-ro 
vha. 

EoHeaOy leaepB yse nponuo BpeMA Bafipona n niexiH: name 
cvi^rtTiey CTOJB nojHoe luipHBixi otfiqanift nocxb Cvubu npH Ba- 
^00, GToiB CHJiBuo BOJHOBaBmeecfl CB TixB Hopi, He npeftcraa^ 

X7* 



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260 mcTHn» ibpohh. 

MCTb npH CBoeiTB 8aBaT6 Toro jraxepaTypHaro 6jecBa, Koropiix^ 
OHO osapaiocB BHanajri. mvumepb h Fere, JEaMaprsH^ h M8)cg» 
en^e ae HamjiH npeenHHEOBi, hocje $paHiqji ropxicrcfl BHEiopoicb 
Fioro, TO 8T0 noTOMy, ^ro sejiHsift noarB, Tasi-CBasaTB, nepesHis 
dBoe BpoMfl. Anrjifl c^acuraB^ bx wowl OTHomeEdHi Bam h bo 
UBovBTh jfpynTb. Bi]sj> BafipoHu h mescirapu HaposxAKyici le 
sasAuft MfiBhy H sa HemfimeiTB hxi, ona uomerh cte ropxoctbio 
BucraBHTB CyHH6opHa, TeHHHCOHa. 

3totb nocji'^AHiB} RaRfB hbb^ctho, hocbtb Twry jfl «Poet Lau- 
reate*, — npHABOpffoe seame, yx^psaBmeecfl vh diofi crpaHi ipa- 
;lE^ifi H KOTopuMi RopojeBa yB^Hqajia ero no CHepiH yopxcyopm, 
vb 1830 r. Oh^ pOAHJca vh 1810 r., e ero (uaBa Ha^aiaci, 
rjiaBHUM'B otfpasoiTB, CB1830 r., dnoxH, Borxa ohi HsxarB noaMy, 
osarjiaBjieHHyH) «In memoriam* h HanHcaHHyio vb naicflTB cuna 
HCTopesa Fajaaifa, noxeii^eHHaro npesAeBpeEeHHOft CMepTbio. Obi 
yse BSAaiTB fp loro, bib 1830 r.^ oahh'b tomi cbohxi noairs, bo- 
Toputt ocrajicfl hotth Hesaif'&^eHHEiK^ nytfjiHsofi. Bi 1847 r. ob^ 
Hs^a.i'B no9Hy «The Princess », Koropaa BOstfyxHJia tio^Bme BHBiia* 
nifl. Bi 1839 r. noflBHJiHCB SHaifeHBTHfl « Idylls of the Eing>, 
H8% ROTopux'B uocjii^Biisi «Gareth and LyDette» BuniJiH toibko bs 
1872 r. EcjH npHCoeiHHHTB kb aroMy «Manc^ (1833) h pa^ri 
no8Mx, saiuioqaiomHxca vh « Enoch Arden» (1864), T0MHtfy;^el^^ 
Hici^TB nojiHufi cnHCOR'B FJiaBH'bfiniBX'B CTHxoTBopeHiii jiaypeaTa. Ha 
nepButt B8rjifl;('B aro npe;[(CTaBjfleTCJi aobojbho o^BeMHcruiTB Haie- 
piaioifB, HO 65JiBniafl ^acTB othx'b noaifB ohchb ropotkh, h mecrb 
tomobb, o6pa8yK)a^nx'B nojiHoe ns^aHie ero co^Bnenifi, Moran 6u Ch 
ycnixoM-B 6htb c»aTH vb Asa TOMa. ABiopx — Bem^ HHCJia naca- 
Tejefi, ROTOpBixi MOSHO ynpoRHyxB b^ cjramRoirB 6ojBniofi nJOAO- 
BHTOCTH, B CTaciie ero, ito oh'b ho yMepx 29-th jiirB, RaRi meuH, fjh 
36-th RaRB BaflpoHi. dio ho BasHo, CRasyrB mh%, h remaiBBoe 
npoH3Be;i;eHie ocraercH TaRHifB, ne BSHpafl na to. crojibbo BpeiieHH 
nojoseHo na ero cosAanie. %o Ba a^o, crojibro xhoA h ho* 
^efi ynorpe^HJi'B dcxHJn na co^HHeHie «Opecra», hjh IIIeRcnB|rs 
Ha co^HHenie «MaR6eTa»: mu nacjiaiRAaeMCfl bthmh J^Byuz MaciepcRns 
npoHSBeAeniflMH, h oioro aobojibho. IIpHBOAflTB TaRse Bib npniiiirs 
BajBsaRa, Roropuft nncaj'B (tb TaRHMi TpyAOiTB, hto ho roARoero 
pyRonncH, ho h RoppeRrypEi 6uab noRpinii noMapRaMH, h ao cnxi 
nopi naMflTHH napHSCRHM^ THnorpa<{)aM'B. Ho oro ne novbmajo 
OMy HanHCaTB o^eHB HHoro: ero rohotjihboctb 6ujifi a^oitb otene- 
THJBHOCTH, a HO tfoBCHjiifl. Besnjioxie HHRorAa ne 6iiBaerB jfibxowh 
renur, h nejiBBfl no droMy cjiy^aio ho BcnoMHHXB ocjyiai cb Ma- 



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HlFRl ir JIHTEPlTTPi B'K GOBPlUHHOi iHTJOI. 261 

iSf6ovhj np^BOCxo^Huifi necaTejieM'B, ho nioxHirB noaioirB. Ojpswh 
m ero jupyaei norepaji^ seny, h oh'l saAyMan ymtbUMmh ero fj^ 

CTBXaXl, Wh pOA^ T^X'B 3HaMeHflTIIX'B, KOTOpue OHl HanHcai'B AH)- 

Oeppie. droTE tpyx^ saeflu y Hero xpn ro^a, h sor^a noxopon* 
Hifl o^a Aonua no CBoero nasHaneHui, ;^pyrB yse Cwt^b Bropa^Hb 

Eas^ 6u TO HE 6uio, TeHHHCOHx, soHe^HO, croerB BHine Ma* 

jep6a,H ecjH y sero ho opjHHuft noaerB, to owl Bce se He a&- 

loo OTcraji'L oitb opaoBi. «GjiaBay soropoio noju^erca AjB^pe^^ 

TemcoffB, — roBopHn oahhi kphthsb,— tiescnopHa, ho TasB se 

cspoMHa, Kasi h ero TajiaHTB. yAHBnrejiBHoe a^mI vl ero ciaffl 

lin HH^ero HaAyraro^ h bb nonyjiapHOCTH, Boropox) ohb hojib-' 

syeicfl, r^nocTb ne npH ^ewbl* ^) 3ar6MB BupaaLema: «cnoROlt- 

cTirie*, «({e3M0JiBie», ^orcyrcTBie BOcropateHHOCTH, naTeiH^ecBaro dje- 

ieBTa», ci^oTsafl h 6e8o6HAHafl rapM0Hifl», xaKi h jiBH>TCfl cb 

nepa r. QhuuLsi MoHTdrK) h ero j^paHi^yscKEnrb co6paTOffB; TasB 

m inraieA npixoxHTB HaRoneqB vh sasjiioqeHiH), hto bb noaicax'B 

TeHHicoHa orcyTCTByerb BCflBoe noarH^ecBoe xftpoBanie. 

Hnqero He MOserB ($utb ^ajiBHrnsie aroro BsriflA^, o^eHb pae- 
ipocrpaHeHHaro na lOHTHHenii. Bo-nepBuxi, cjibbb ero 6£uia hbi 
itob, ROToptu oco6eHHo ocnapHBajiacB h ao chxb nopB en^e ocnapHBa- 
turn, 3aT%irB, crpannoe a'^o! aHrjEHanaMB HpaBSTCfl — BOMy ero «In 
ffiemoriam*, Bovy «Enoch Arden», Bony «HAHuiHBopoifl», a otb 
TixB Benieft, Boiopufl ne kb tomb poA'i^^ bb BasoMB HaaHcaHaHX'B j[k>6h- 
ttfl BeiQB, OHH 6e8»ajocTHo OTBopa9HBaH)Tca. « Enoch Arden>,BO- 
Bew), o^eHB xopomesBBafl hahjuui, xota bb nefi h'&tb HHvero BopoJieB-* 
^ttFO, H ecjiH6u BHHOjEeme 6wio HeyAOBjerBopHTeAHO, to caica 
nfii TaBTB yj^^Ha, Tai|^ noBTHina, iro ne MOseiB ne npoHBBecTH 
nanireaBHaro d^^BTa. Bb Hefi pascBasHBaerca Hcropk oahopo 
vopflsa, npocToro Marpoca, OTnpaBiaion^aFocfl bb x^uiBHee niaBame: 
on npeiepiiiBaeTB BopadieBpymeHie h hpoboahtb AOirie roj^i Ha 
m6menowb ocrpoB^, h Bor^a, naBOHei^y okbwb sopatf a naxoxHrs 
m K XocraBxaeTB Ha poxHHy^ ohb ysHaerB, hto ero sena, ero 
Abhi, BOTopaa CTHraaa ero yMeprnHMB, BEinua saMysB'B bo BTOpott 
pa9^ BCjrbxcTBie HysxH^ sa oahofo xpyra h ciaparo no&iOHHBBa, 
KoiopMy OHa HB ($fl2oe Bpem OTsasajui. Okb Torun se pir 
onieiB, BavB eiiy cjAjijen DociynHTB^ ho npesA^ xoierB bb ho* 
<Aff^ pasB yBHA^ Ty, BOTopyK) TaBB chjbho JiBo6ajtbj e KbteA^ 
octaBaefiHHXB ett. Ohb npotfepaerca BeiepoarB nox> xopeBBS^ 0Bpy« 



fioftte to deux MoncK 18 Man» 1866. 



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262 BftCTHIK'^ IBPOim. 

ataion^ifl MajeHBBift xomhitb, h npHTaHBnmcB sa cresjoiTB, raxm 
HOByio caiBK), HOBaro on^t, cbohx'b co6cTBeHHiixi gbtet, Bpaci- 
BHXi H Becejuxi, CBOH) xjenj, c^acrjniByH) h Hrpaiomyio ci MjaieH- 
isfiwb OTB BToporo Mjaut; ohi exBa yciri^BaeTB darjyDurrB crpaiimiil 
boiub: <KOTopiifi vh offlj MHHyry, sairB Tpy6a nocatxHsro cyxa, 
coRpyraHJia 6ei bto ceKefiHoe c^acrie*. Tojibko ymipaji, orKpuBaeii 
OHi CBoe HMfl CBoefi crapofi xoznivb. 

Cio;KerB, ((esi coMH'im, o^enb TporaieJiBHnfi; h OAHaso HamnG^ 
jnoAH, ROTopue saBonHjra o 6e8HpaBCTBeHHOCTH! Jljiyrie se, Hanpo- 
TirvB Toro, npeBosHOCHjna CBume BCflsoft M%pn canooisepseHie 
3Hoxa Apxena h BHcraBJiHiH ero sa otipasei^ Be^HBC^ymia i tfes- 
kopHcrifl. Mo2KHO MHoroe cxasaxB o6h btowl: sairl^y toabo, ^to 
caiff00TBep»eHie ero— MKb oto CuBaeTB sa^acryio — h^rojbbo bh- 
EysAeHHoe. 'RaffB 6u he nocrynHJTB ^bfipsaehj a irlcio ero saHflio* 
XeESL ero se tojbbo BaiiyseirB sa jspyrnLWh, ho h HM'&eTB otb 
Hero A^iefi. noBasaBniHCB, oh'b paspyniBjrB 6u cnme bc^x'b ma!b 
cyn^ecTBx; ho ero co6cTBeHHoe Guxo 6u rtirB ho Meniie yrpa^eno. 
Gjioboitb, Bhoxi Apxen^B noBopflerca poBy,— noBopaerca ^ecTHO b 
($:iaropoxHO, a corjiaceHx^ ho ace se noaopaerca posy. ^Hrarani 
HBBEHaTB 8X0 OTtTyHjeme no hobo^qt Tasoro HHiepecHaro cH)Bcei% 
BHa^enie soroparo 6um cobcIitb ne hohbto aHrjificBHMH Bpi- 

THSaMH. 

RaBB 6ii TO HE 6hjio, h noMHMO BcasHTB jHqHux'B npmnpaciii, 
«Tdylls of the King* ocraerca caifHirB nonyjapHBucB npoiisB^e- 
BieifB TeHHHCOHa h, HO-Moeiiy, oho HaH($oj^ xoro saciysHBaerB. 
Ciapiia 6pHTaHCBia jLerenffi xoeraBHiH caioifi noxxoAaiqifl hxkt 
piaai XJia Broro noara, ne oco6eHHO BocropseHHaro, q>exHaro i 
CMBpnaro TajtaHra a Tyro ^(OXHOBjaK>n^arq|fi. roBopmra, iro mt 
CK>aseTB[ oTacHaH caoe apeiia, ^ro Boe aro Jiai^a h8:b rodeaeHeBias 
oOoliy KOTopmiH Hensa HHiepecoBarBca! IlycTB Taa'b, ho ecjm 0601 
xopoma, ecjH apacra ktb cb&bh h npiaimi xaa raaaB, to— le 
&bnni Tin Ben^et q^exaaro xociOHHCTBa, oni ho xyace ApyrB^* 
^TO se sacaerca shbocth iqpacovB h B^pHoera onHcamft, Hxyn^ax^ 
coBcbiTB BTB paspi^ Toft Hxe%, RasyK)]fii cocraBaaarB cetfi aerea- 
xax'B qaua Apiypa h Bpyraaro Oroaa, to 9th aenvi oah^ laB ca- 
HHXx yAamix%. He Mory ne npaiecn Toro Mieia vn hocAa- 
Heft EfjiXiiE: «OiiepTB ApTypa», wh ROxopeirB TeHHHCOH<B iq^esao* 
Bieax caMoro ce(Sa. Jl^ixo npoHcxoffHra seiepoMiB Benxoft 6wBm: 
xb puqapa Rpyraaro Gmia y<JHm. Apiypi n pastteniirB ^epe- 
noMTB ociaeica naeAHHi^ cb EexHBepoirB, noca^XHHiTB aaB ero pH- 
i^pefi, H npHBasHBaerB eiiy caaiaaa Clpocm vh BOfj ero caaB* 



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jljljkjl e nriPiTyFA bi coBPBomofi iHraoE. 263 

qr» miajjy soxopyio owe nosyHun otb Mopcssxi ^ft, qTo6u 
«t He AOcraBajiacB vb pyse Bparorb: 

Then spake King Arthur to sir Bedivere: 
In those old days, one snmmer noon, an arm 
Rose op from out the ho6om of the lake, 
Clothed in white samite, mystic, wonderful 
Holding the sword... 

*TyTb KopoJB Aprypi CRSsajTB capy BeOTBepy: a&bho TOiiy 

iiiWB^ vb OAHO ji'^THee yrpo, BucynyjiacB bsi osepa pyna, oKb- 

m Bfb (y&aHfi 6apxaTB, MHCTH'iecRafl, yAHBerejiBHaji, noTpflcaji mna- 

it)l». CapB EeAHBep'b HeoxoiHO h nocjii rpex-B nyxemecTBia hc- 

mBSierby eaBOHei^'B; bojih) sopojifl h tfpocaerB mnary bi bo;^. Ho 

Dpezxe, H^wb oHa jtocTsraerb faoBepxHOCTcr, BucoBUBaercfl pyua, xBa- 

nm mnary sa a^^eci h rpn pasa Maxaen eio Ha^i noBepxHOCTBK) 

Boxo 1 BM^CT^ CB Hett CBpHBaexcfl FB BOjijk. Cdpi> BeAHBepx pascRasu- 

BacTB ofe BTOiTB KopojiK) H Kb Tpeiift pas^ noBTopfliOTca rt »e ca- 

Btt BupaKeHia, no noBo^y pyKH, ^clothed in white samite*, n 

up. 3io o^eHb yAaiHufi npien'B, saHMciBOBaHHufi y FoEepa, paBHO 

UKh h: 

«Then spake King Arthur to sir Bedivere*. 

9to npoBSBOOTTB Bne^aTJiinie cnoKoftcTBia h npocroiH no HCTHnt 
sinraecEoft. Aprypi qyBCTByerF», ^to npHniJio BpeMa yMepeiB h, co- 
rjacHo TpajHi^iH, BeJiHTB oiHecTH ce6H na 6eperB 6ojn>nioro osepa, 
I Tan: «0HH yBEA^jiH, ^ito KpaHHaa 6apRa — ^epnas, BasfB ipayp- 
HHft spem, OTB Hoca ffl KopMH — Ka^aeTCfl HWB hhmh: ohh no«- 
lomh H BEWThj ^TO BCff najiy6a noBpBiTa BejiH^ecTBennHMH ^h- 
iTpaMB, xpanBpoBaHHUMH B^^epnoe, yKyTanHUMn wh qepnoe, Bas^ 
npiBiA^Hifl; H Bosjit hhxi Tpex'B BopojieBi* vb so^onirB Koponaxi: h 
m Hxi cpeAH nocjiumajca kphk-b— TpenernHfl h AomeAmiS jifl caKHX^ 
8Bi8^, BOTopiifl saxpo^EajiH — H no^EJiJicfl eA0Ho;i(yniHufi saio^HBift 
cioffi, nojoCniift Biipy, RoropHfi CBH^era ho^bio bi nycniHi* ^). 



There saw they how there how a dusky barge, 
Dark as a funeral scorf from stem to stem, 
Beneath them: and descending they were ware 
That all the docts were dense with stately forms, 
Black-ttoled, black-hooded, like a dream; by there 
Three queens with crowns of gold; and from them rose 
A cry that shirer'd to the tingling stars, 
Andy as it were one toice, one agony 
Of lamenlationt, like a wind that shrills 
AU night in a warte laad. 



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264 Bftomsi iBPoiQL 

Aprypa cnecjiH fl laHHCTBeHHyH) ((apigr, h rpn EopOJieBB tsan Kopou 
H Ha^ajiH HJiaRaT^. «Ho xa, soropaa 6iLia Bume spjrum pocron 
H KpacBBi^e, nojiosHJia rojiosy Ropoia itb ce6% Ha rpyx^— h pas- 
crerHyja pastfAxyia sacEy h npsHflJiacb corp^eaxB ero pyiui h cb 
CTOHOMi BBaiB ero no HMeHB» 0- noTOiTb 6apKa yAaiaerca nocii 
npon^am Aprypa: «fl OTiipaBMK)CB, — roBopHTB offB, — vb j»jamt 
nyxB H HanpaBjfliocB bi ABHABOHCByio AO^HHy, rxi^ ne ^HBaen hh 
rpa^a, he aosa^} hh CH'Ira— r^i Biiepi HHBorAa He ^otb pisso; 
oHa i^B^TeTB, c^acTjiHBafl h npeBpacHaH, noBpuTaa jyraiiH h wLOffi- 
bheh caAaMH; xairB 2 HS^eqycB otb CBoett secrOBott paHH» % 

3x0 npeapacHo n bx caHOMi jijkjA BejiH^ecTBeHHo; noBTopaio, 
8T0 caMoe npeBocxo;iHoe h noaTH?ecBoe HSJioseme aereHXH Aprypa. 
Bi 9T0MI cay^ai^ o6ii^ecTBeHHoe MH^Hie, BaaBercfl mh^i He 8a6iys- 
xaercfl: reHifl TeHHHCOHa namejn vb amxi noanax'B CBoe hcthh- 
Hoe npBSBaHie. 

Ho ^To OH'B OTsasajcfl otb Hero, ^to6u nonuTaxBr cboh csulu 
Ha Apaifi — BOTB ht6 xpy^HO 6£Ijo 6u hohbtb, ecjH6n ne shbi^ 
o6i> ero npesHBX'B nonuTBax'B vb cairax'B pasHOO^pasHHX'B pow^* 
EcTB H jspyvBSL HpHHBHa, BOTopott aHFjiificBaa neqaiB ne ynoMB- 
Hajia, HO BOTopafl neBOJiBHo npaxoABn bs roioBy. fl roBopio o 
nocjiijHeft ;tpaMt CyHHCopna ^). 3to, Boee^Ho, npewiojoaeme, ho 
MOSHO HO^HTBCfl o&b sasjiax^, TTO ycnixi* «6othwell> bxoxhobkh 
Mysy TeHHHCOHa. Ohb CBa3a.3i ce6t, mo h ohi TOJBe MoaBen sa- 
HBcaTB ApaMy: ero conepHHBi> H36pajrB MapiK) OnoaprB, om> ocraHO- 
BHJca na xpyrofi Mapin: MapiH KpoBosa;(Ho8. 

9to npeAcraBjMJio y«e cbok) HeBBiroxnyH) cropony. Ho tImi 
<$0JiBnie ocHOBaHitt ynopcTBOBaxB. 

A vaincre sans p6ra, on triomphe sans gloire, csasajB ce(Ji 
jiaypeaTB. Tpy^no 6ujo 6u BaCpaiB 6ojiie HetfjaroxapHiii ck>- 
serB E Mente noAxoj^fliAift bb Tajanry aBTopa. Mosen jh 6iiTb 
HT0-HH6yAB aHTHnaiH^H'le 9Tofi BopoaeBu, saBjiefiMeHHOfi anrjBHa- 
HaMH nposBHu^eMB «filoo<ly». y nefi 6wlo Aiajo CHMnaTHUtix's 

HIE HO^ieHHHX'B BaHeCTBl, FOBOpETB lOlTBy H efl Hapy2BH0CTB 6lUa 

1) Bat she, that rote the tallest of them aU 
And fairest, laid the head upon her lap. 
And loored the shatter'd carque, and chafed his hands. 
And call'd him by his name, complaining load, 
*) Where falls not hool, or rain, or oaj snow, 
Nor ever wind blows loudly: bat it lies 
Deep— meadow'd, happy, £air with orkhord-lawns, 
Where I will heal me of my gritvous wound. 
<) Pa8o6paHHHft Bi nepsom incbMt. Cm. anapcdi 76 „Bicn. Esp.", 1876. 



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HiJKl H JTETSPIITPI B'B COBPIMBHHOfi AHrJOH. 265 

nBf «e aHTHnaTH^HM, sas'E h en otfpas^ jsj^cfmA. ynpflMCTBOi 
nnecTBO, secrosocTB, bjoctb, thpehctbo — Bcb 3th cropoHEi en 
n^nepa noiyqajH ocofiuS oxiieiaTORi Wh ex xyj^oro SAOpoB&ji 
I orpaiHqeHHaro yna*. IlflTB jvbvb es i^apCTBOBamfl — otl 1553 
BO 1558 r. — 6hjih OBHaiieHOBaHH KasHAMH, Boropiifl He mofjih ojir 
wo BOBcraHOBBTB KSLTosjmecKjso pejiHriH). EoiH Kb wroMj npHcoexH- 
ira &fBi% HoproHtfejieHAa vb ea^aji'i i^apcTBOBaHin, 6yHTB YaBia, 
nm 19XH ^a»H^ Fpett, RpaHMepa, yrpary Kajia, to mh eafi- 
)(») HTO FB xp&v&TH^ecBHX'B dJCMeHTaxi ffkrb HeAOcraTsa. Ho 
mm lysHo 6uao BUBecra Mapiia na cqeny xaxi, Bass bubo- 
ffi HepoHa HJiB Pflvapxa III. 

Bikro 8Toro, TeHHHcoHx saAyMaji saHHrepecoBaTB naci CBoeS 
wpoiiefl, T.-e., fl xo^y CRasaTB, BHymHTB naM'B ki Heft cocrpa- 
jpe, eciH He jih)6obb. Ho ht5 bto sa repoHHji! Mei npHse^H 
oon K)Ma; ho na^o bh^^tb Hoprperu, nexajH h rpasiopu loro 
qmeffi, ($oj!le noy^Hxe^BHue, niu^ Bce Apyroe. EaRyio CHHna- 
mHyi) iiepry mosho otbphtb vb 9tok'b aaej^HOirB Jmi^'l, ci toh- 
ran ryfSaHH, cb ysBHin* jifioirB, cb bocuitb h sihitb BarjiflAOirB: 
n Md 38-MH-ji^efi nerepi, Roxopoft mosho a&tb nflTBAecflTB, 
ci ei wpn^HBaMHy Koropafl BjH)($ifleTCfl HCTepHHecsoft jih>6obbk) bi 
Be vie vpa^HyK), ^^itb OHa, ncxopHqecKyH) 4>^rypy $Hfflnna 11, 
4PmiqiTBH) roAaacH Mojose es? 

An HMeHHo 9T0ft j[K>6oBbH) H xpiSLJFb Haci saHHTepecoBaxB 
mi. TiaBHaa ci^ena nepearo anxa — noai^AHflfl, Borxa Mapifl, 
tBtjU H3B sa^Bi coFixa, BoxopuS corjiacHJCfl na ea saMyscTBO- 
A icnaHCKHirB npsHi^eM'B, na^aerB ^yxB ne vb o6uopoKb vb 
^ecio, BocRJHi^aa: *My Philip is all mine*. 

Bo BTopoifB aBx% MH HpHcyxcxByeM'B npH Mflxest capa To- 
aea yaSxa, BecBMa 6jiixsotl Bonia cb Maxesa ^mesa KeffB b% 
*reHpiix4 VI » (2-a MacxB). Mea^y riMX ^ainnnx ne ijifirb h ero 
■KjaHHHKB, Chmohi^ PeHapi, HFpaKMi^ift B&SHyH) pojB BB HBeci, 

■WMffTB BB BOpOJesii: <BCnOMHHXe,— rOBOpHTB OHB eft, — Ha- 

Mn» nocjiAHeiTB pasroBopi^, Bor^a a bosb^h^'b BaMB, vro $h- 
*ni He npi^A^TB, noBa Jl^atHJiB^^opAB ,Z^o;^JIH ^ep^o^B Co^[4^j[bb'b 
I aan JI^HB He 6yjijvb ycxpaneHu cb Aopora*, 

Mdpe: OmiyMpyrB.— Chmohi Penapii: «A Bama npejecxnaa 
<*cip»?»— MapK Ona yMpen! Bpara moh y mohxi hopb, h $h- 
inna BopoA!» ^) 



That Philip would not come 

Till Guildford Dadly and the Doke of Suffolk, 
And Lady Jane Grey had left us. 



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266 VMnmn ibpohh. 

HiaiTB, Eopojesa, He CAaBaBmajca ao cmtb noprb, corjamaercff 
saBHHTb Ji^xdWh Fpefi, yBJie^eHnafl crpacTBio si ^ejininy. IlevuB- 
Hoe 8a6jiyacAeHie TajaHTjHBaro ^ejOB^sa! EoHerao, 6uB9J0Tb cjy* 
HdLBy Korxa crpacTB CMflrqaexi npecryiueHia hjh, no BpafiHeft ifipi, 
fjkMSLerb ETb Tpanr^ecRHMHy ho ne y aroS crapyxH, y soropott (m 
npocTO OTBpaTHTejiBHa. noarb, npecj^Ayfl CBofi HeyAa^HHlt saw 
cejTBy noBasuBaerh naiTB vh uijajjomewh asrl MapiiOy Bootipi* 
sajonQTH), ^TO oHa (5epeMeHHay h otfpan^aioaQriocfl cb BOciopseHHol 
THpaAoft K'b 6y/iymeMy peCeHsy CBoeMy: «bot%, okb yase rpa^erb, 

BTOpOfi BHfl8B MHpa, BeaHSifi San^HTHHBIB B^pti; w63Xa MOa BOCXO- 

^nra... CsirB HOBaro yqeniH noracaeix— ^ymn Jliorepa h U^bhhtih 
6jAKELiKyn> vh a;^, fa*! ohh HecyrB cboh) xapy — npH BHffb Hoei 
SBbsAHt £i^ CBHnerpi 6yAerB npocTHpaiBCfl on OAHofi Hhaih xo 
Apyrofii ero mnara noBepraerE epeTiiqecBie napoAu rl ero lo- 
raMi — Bipa ero ozBaTBTB BecB Mipi, Boxopuft CTanerL ero co(- 
CTBeHHOcTBio — BBBi BOBAyxi H CB'^TL cojHi^a! PasBepsafiiecB Bli- 
Hiifl Bopoia! EAerB Bopo2B — moa 8B']teAa9 Mott cuwhl 0* 

KpOMi TOrO, ^TO dlOTB BSpUBl MaTepHHCBOft ropAOCTH ov^a 

Majio TporaerB nacB fl seHo^HBi, BaseHBmefi JlfKdWb Fpefl,— 
.caifiifi ^^asTb npeAHOJiaraeMott (JepeiieHHocTH paspbmaerea boahhoS, 
ht6 A^aen upocio CM^mHiiirb bcio BumenpHBeAeHeyK) Tiipvy- 
Que cthxh yrpanHBaKyrB bck) cboh) npejecxb, 6yAyHH He na uicA 
H, OTBpoBeHHO FOBopfl: «Open, ye everlasting gates! > BmoAm ffir 
boaho bomh^ho. 



Mary. They shall die. 

Benard. And your soloving dster? 

Mary, They shall die. 

My foes are at my feet, and Philip Kingl 

(act n. Sc. IV). 
») The second Prince of Peace 

The great nnbom defender of the Faith. 

He comes and my star risesl 

... The fight of this new learning Wanes and diess 

The ghosts of Lather and Zwinglis fade 

Into the deathless hell whiet Is their doom 

Before my star. 

His sceptre shall go forth from Ind to Indl 

His sword ihall hen the heretic peoples downl 

His fiaith shaU clothe the worid thalt wfll be his 

Like nniyersal air and snnshinel Open 

Ye OTerlasting gateil the King is here! 

^y star! my soni 

(Act. m. Sc H). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HAySA H JOTNkTJfk Bl OOBPEnHHOfi IHrilH. 267 

FjaBHOK) cQeHOK) qeTBepraro asra sBJAercfl tr, vh Roropoft 

ipfltXcnBjefla cxeprB Kpaeiiepa. Graparo npejiaia, y BOTopara 

BupBUH orpeneHie, npiBOASTB rb i^epROBB Cb. MapiH, ^to6ii owh 

msauca lairs uy6jiimmOy npesA^ Hiui> ero OThenyvh Ha socrepB. 

HciopH^ecBafl ci^ena coxpaneHa bo Bcett ea Rpacorii. TenHHcoHa 

TBpauLiH JHIDB BB TOiTB, HTO OHi (UHinROMi EBJieraerB Ha j^aSTB 

orpeveHii Kpaaiiepa: aio 6wio ch ero cropoHii icaMjQrHiieirB, 

loiopoe cKop^ cjixoBaio tfu coaxHTB, tslkl Bax'B ona ocBop6- 

asm onacTH Benqie ero npexHaro o6pa3a aUct^* HaRonei^'By 

naynaerB noc^ixHifi aarB. Mapia, OTHaaBinHCB vh E&jsfimKb otfpa- 

na eBoe RopoaeBCiBo vb BaTOJu^ecayK) B^py, JHniHBinHCB ceoero 

#uiinia — coBCiiTB tfesi^BiTHafl po» vh onepi, — norepaBi na- 

»Mjij 6tiTB MaTepBH), ne^ajBHo yracaeiTB, cafbjifiLevM xiejmo h 

(aitsHBK). HsB^CTie o BSflriH Kajia ^^paHiQrsaMH naHocHTB e9 no- 

cAfjBiA yA^pB* IIodrB noBasHBaeiTB ee hrm^b wh orqaaHiH, mxawjjo 

u nojiy, MesAy t^itb Kas^B oxna h3% npa^jiHseHHuxB ell sen- 

qiBB BOdUBi^aerB: «0y Hec^acTHMmafl h8^ Ropojeni, aceni h 

ieHiqHHii!> BecBMa neyxa^nas mucjib. HeBOJBHO npHnoicHHaerca 

fe8iioxo6Hafl ci^ena Bi «PH^apA'i^ III», Ror^a Tpn senii^HHii: repi^o- 

rm lopscBafl, RopojOBa E^HcaBera h crpamHafl MaprapHxa Ah- 

lylCRas, ara FeayCa, rose noBepraH)TCfl na seiuK), pasxaBjieHHiia 

coBciiTB HHoro po^a (J^ACTBieifB, H B0d6j«i]sfijorb Kb ce&b a^9ctbh- 

leiBHoe cocipaAame: 

On England's lawful earth 

Unlawfully made drunk with innocent blood! 0- 

EcjH lenepB cnpocarB: rx^ xe xpftMarH^ecRoe x^ftcmie? Tjijb 
le iHTpHra? Hhutb h^tb, RpoM^ rbTh, Raaia bhxhbi hsi npexH- 
j^iparo anajHsa. Rphthrh nepBuxi xnefl saBOHHJiH o ^yx^; o 
meicnHpoBCROiTB BosposxeniH. 9totb npesxeBpeMeHHiifl BocroppB 
yaerar, h bc^ npHmjH vb 6ojAe npaBHjBHOfl oi^hr^. Taa'B rrri 
s He jEeiajn 6u Chtb o^BEHeHHiiMi vh npHcrpacriH h Hexo6po- 
zejarejBCTBi, to npHBexy cjiixysonpa cjOBa RpHTHRa, bhojih^ pac- 
BOJOseHBaro vb TeHHHCOHy: «M£[ ho pimHiica yrBepsx^TB, hto 
iptiia « Queen Mary> Buija HacroaiiuS ycnixx, — roBopnrB ♦Bri- 
tish Quarterly Review* *), — xora ona, noBBXHHOiiy, HamicaHa 
m a^eHH, ho hpobsboxbtb CBop^ Bne^axj^Hie hobmh, npexna- 
sBaieHHoft KUL meBUij ^iwh a^eHB^ecBofi Ben^. Bi neit nexo- 
eraerB xpftMaTH^ecBaro ofha b BHiepeca. Ona, 66jihmev> ^aciiiOy 



King Biehird m, Act lY. 
*) 0m6phcta J^, 1876 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



268 BfiCTHiR'B SBPonn. 

tfji^AHS H 6e3nvbmfi: crpacTB OTcyrcTByeirB h p^xso cepxi^e rpo- 
raercfl npH ea. ^TeHiH. JI,ase cb no9THqecBoft to^bb sp^Hui, vi set 
Majo CTHxoFb, KOTopue 6ii BptsuBajHC^ FB naifflTii, Majo B&pa- 
senifi pejBe|>Hux'B, npoHHSHyiux'B ^yBCiBoirB h mhcjlk), Mes^ 
jbwb Kasi ABHsenie btb ni»ec6 Baaoe h jemeHO dHepiiH, nopHsa 
H XPftMaTHqecsaro x^ftcTBifl». 

Met H^^ero ri droicy npstiaBiiTB. Eairb co cropoHEi jrapne- 
csaro naeoca, Tasi h co cropoHu ^hcto xp&KaTH^ecBoft naiuia 
nepBeHCTBa p^nrareAHO ocraercfl sa «Bothwell» CyHHtiopna. Uym 
TeHHHCOffB yiiiiiHTCfl: ne oxna xopora BexerB bi KopuHOi! Offs 
yse tfuj^B TaiTB oxHasxiu, h CHOBa BepHercii lyxa, sor^a cbbosb 
yrpeHHift xyMaffE arnpaBHTca Ty^a BMi^cri ci Basoft-HHtfyxB cecrpot 
BHBiaHH lUH AcTOJiaxcsoft x^bh. 

A, P K — p i. 

JEoHxoHi, 8 xeKa6pfl 1876. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BOnPOCHHE nYHKTH 

10 noBo;(y hepbcmotpa ynHBEPCHTETCKAro yctaba. 



OAHHifb H8% BBjn6ojie BUMJELnmjixca co6BiTifi vb HCTopiH Hanrero 

I netfearo e^AOMCTBa sa HcreRinifi rojcB 67x6x1, Kone^HO, cqHTaTBCfl 

I i^reinecTBie oco6o aja Toro HasHa^eHHoft KOHMHCciH no pyccsHiTL ynH- 

I KpcHTeraH'B ame co6HpaHiA naTepiajOBi, Heo6xoAHM£ix'B npn nepe- 

ciorpi yHHsepcHTeTCKaro ycrasa 1863 r. dra rommhccia HcnojraHja 

CBoe nopyqeeie et 6e3npHMipH0fi ^Hcrpoxoft: vh 2V» Micj^a ycntjia 

I OHa o6jeT£Tb Bci OKpanHU o6iiiHpHoft PocciH, no6i>iBaTB vb ^epoT^ h 

Oiecci, Vb Bapmaei h KasaHH, bi XapBSOBt, bi& Kiest h wb Mocrb£, 

R BosupaTHTBCA Bi neTep6ypPB. TaB&ff 6ucTpoTa ORasajacB bo8mosho&, 

KOBevHo, 6jiaroAapji tojbko rbwb ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHuikrB cnoco6a]rB 

lepejiBHseHifl, botopumh pacnojaraerb Hame Bpenji. Kasoft Tparu Bpe- 

Kfli noTpe6oBaJO 6u noAotfeoe o6o8piHie pyccsHxi^ yHEBepcHTeroBi 

Jtn 12 TOMy HaaaA'b, npH cocTaBjieaiH ycTaBa 1863 r.! BipojiTHO, 

TOfMoiQee Majoe pasBHTie sejridHo-xoposHoft c£th h 6iijio dph^hhod, 

^ npH cocraBjieHiH ycraea 1863 roxa hhbto jiase He nanajrb na no- 

lOiHJD mciB. 

Ho RoiofHeciH HcnojHHJia BosjioseHHyK) na nee saxa^y b^ Tasoft 
Kopondt epoBi ne ctojbko 6jiaroAapii sejri^SHiiirB xoporairb, cbojibbo 
(JtroxapA ocotioMy cnoco6y, npHAyMaHHOiiy ex) Aia Hsy^eeia yHHsep- 
erreion. npHHtneHie 4>OTorpa4>iH b-b ji/kxj HayRH c% KasAuitb MM^wb 
BpBimiiaerb Bce 6ojsie o6]iiHpHiie pasMipu. Bi npeseee Bpexa mm 
^V^eim pi^Koft pyROiraeH, xpaHan^eflca rxt-HH^yAB bi Aa^eROifB Rpai, 
ui jua HsyqeHiA <j)jiopBi n ^aynu RaR0ft-HH6yAb bhobb npHCoexHHeH- 
>oft BapBapcRoft o6jacTH, nysHO 6iuo caMHiTB yqeHBiMi co6HpaTBCA vb 
TPTWift H xajBBifi nyTB. TenepB y^eeue coeiqajiHCTU MoryrB caoRofiao 
^n^tencB vh CBoeirB Ra6HHei4: xoctaTO^HO cnapaABTB dRcnexHipD 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



270 blMTTHlKl SBPonu. 

H31 HCsycHux'L 4>OTorpa4K>BrB, CHa6AHTB Hxi xoponraMH CHapaxaMH H 
nporoHanH, h qepesi H^csojibRO BpeiceHH na pa6o^eii'B crojii y yqeaaro 
oxasyTCA 6ojr&e hjih Mente BtpHue chhvrh cb craparo najrainicecTa 
HJH Cb SHBOTHUX'B H pacTemfi Hee^xoMoft CTpaHii. Gaoco6i, npixy- 
MaHHuft KOMMHCcieft AJA 6oji^ 6BiCTparo Hsy^emA Ehvb noiosem 
pyccKHxi yoHBepcHTeTOBi^ TaRi n ceofiCTBa jHqHaro cocTasa ix^, he- 
noMHHaerB dTOTb npieM-B. 

EoMMHccifl Biipa6oTajra HSB'i^CTHoe KOJH^ecTBO BonpocoBi— orojo 60. 
8th Bonpocu 6aMn Hane^aTanH oco6o ajie RasA&i*o yHHBepcHTera ci 
jerRHifB BHA0H3M']^HeHieMi» H nepecTaHOBROD nxi nopAARa. IIo npii3j(i 
ROMMHCcin Bi yHHBepcHTercRifi ropoA'B Bonpocu 6bmh pasxaBaeMa npo- 
^^eccopaicB n AOi^eHraarB, ROTopue xojshu 6ujh no odunoHKih n sa- 
SHaqeHHuft qacL ABjjiTLCJi wb rommhccIk) h OTB'i&qaTB Ha npe^uoseHHue 
HiTB Bonpocu. Bjiaro^^apA dTOny cpe;(CTBy, wh AHeBHHRi qjienoBi xom- 
MHCciH, ROTopue caMu sanncuBajH otb^th, pHCOsajCA, raRi cRasais, Hrao- 
BeHHO yMCTeeHHuft h HpaBCTBenHufi dUfydTi Bonpomaeicaro npo(|^eccopa, 
H vb RaRie-HH6yAB Tpn aha BecB jtH^HUft coeraBi yHHBepcHrera 6un 
CHHMaeM^ Cb Harypu. ^to TaRofi cnoco6% RsyqeHiA npej^CTaBjAerB He- 
oninenviusi Burojpn w« nay^HMx-B onuroBi — bi mBicmowb oreome- 
hIh — »b dTOWb He MOserB 6utb hh Majrbfinraro coMH^mA. HysHO tojbko 
vb TaRHxi cjiyqaflxi^, hto6h Raicepa-o^CRypa 6Hja CHafisena BipHtnn 
creRjiaMH, m:o6b CHHMaeinift npexMerB 6BijrB npaBHJiBHO ocBi^eHi i 
XocraToqHO xojro noABeprajcA ^^MctbId enapAAa; HHane, etjn6i 
creRjio 6uJio neB'^pno HaBeAeno ejie TO^Ra sp'&Hia BH6paHa HeyA&^o, 
nojryqeHHoe R3o6paseHie buhuto 6u MyTHoe h ubjlo npsroAHoe ajui nay?' 
Huxi i^i^Jiefi: mipHHft rpojer^b, BCTpeBOseHHHft veo6wimiWb spiiimsvhi 
MOserB ORasaTBCA co CBHpinoft $H3ioHOMieft, a jHCHi^a, Hosajyft, Biit' 
jsfiTb noxoseft Ha APHeHRa. IIodTOHy Hay«iHU& pesynrarB A^^flreiBHO^ 

CTH EOMMHCCIH AOJISeHl 6wn, npeSA^ BCerO SaBHC^TB OTTOTO, HaCROIBRO 

y^aqeHB en cnapH^'B, to-octb nporpaicafa BonpocoB^, no rotophvb npo^ 
RCxoxHja RarexHsai^fl npHSBaHHUXB vb OTBirry Hpo4>eccopoBi. 06i 

9T0ft-T0 nporpaMM']^ MH XOTHMB CRasaXB HiCROJbRO CjIOB%. 

npesAe Bcero va]s,ixBWb i^&ryD Maccy t^xt* BonpocoBi, Roropse R&' 

SyTCa BHi BCAROfi OBHSH Cb Sajia^efi ROMMHCCiH, HJIH Ha ROTOpUe ROMHH& 

m He Morjia osHAaTB oTBi^TOB'B, T.-e. Boo6n^e Bonpocu TaRoro poA&, hs^' 
sa ROTopux'B He ct6hj[o o6i>isxH,Tb ORpaHHH PocciH. TaRi, HanpHiri^p^ 
Hpo4>eccopoBi cnpanraBajH: .qepesi crojibro HHHyr^ nocxb SBOHRa oh4 
Ha^HHaroT-B jiori^h?'' TaR'B RaRB Mes^y qjrenavH RomiHCciH naxoxuci 
HO RpaftHOft uipi ojsfiwb ynHBepcHTOTCRift npo^N^copi, to owb Mon 
6u coo6n^HTB ROHMHCciH, HO Bui3saA HB'B neTep6ypra, vro BipyccRii 
yHHBepcHTe'ru nepemejTB hsb TepifaHiH o6uniaft co6jn)A&TB (ikcuiemisck 
Viertdstunde^ T.-e. na^HHaTB jieRi^iH qepesib V* ^«ca nocjrt sbohrr; nosTOx] 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHRi. — BOnPOCHHE nyHRTH. 271 

MpocB KOvxHCciH e^Ba j[H ciDAa 6ujFh HanpaBJieirB. EcjHse kommhc- 
df seiaja SHaTB, ;^tftcTBHTejiBHO jh irpo<j|>6ccopa bhxox^it'b mrb npo- 
^pcKoft poBHO B^ Ty ceKyH;^y, Korxa npodLen qersepTB, — ciaKKy- 
piTHOCTBD KyRymsH Ha oiBapi^BairBACRHX'B qacaxi, — to Ha 3toi*b bo- 
npocB Moryra OTBi^aTt r CToppaa yHHBepCHrera. jl^pyroft Bonpoci: 

,I0IHO JH A03B0JIHTB npO<}>eCCOpy 6UTB ropO^CCRHlTB rOJOBOfi?'' Ha 9T0TB 

BoipotTb, vh pasHUXi ropoAaxi PocciH, mosho OTB'i^^aTB paaxH^no; na- 
ipnipi, AJfl Ojificcu aroTB BonpocB xosho paspiniHTB orpHniaTejiBHo: 
weoiHiHHoe BHEManie TaMomHAro ropo^CKoro rojOBU vh npocBtn^eniiD, 
npocrtTflTejiAirB n xase wh hx'b Majroji^THUiTB a'^tahi ^\ jiijiR&n ns- 
flMnrB sejiaHie BH;t*TB bo rjraBi ropojta npej^craBHTejieft nayKH; ho 
opiBceirB TOiTB, Mu nejioytftBaeiTB, noneiiy me KOHMHCcifl c^nTaeTB bo- 
aim HecoBM^CTHUiTB ch npo^ccypoft HiceHHO mojitKo nojosenie ro- 
poj^«o^o rojioBu? He Menie 8a^a;^o^effB cjii^j^yDnpft Bonpoci: „^t6 
ipexnoTTHTejiBHte, ocTasHTB jh 3a pesTopoMi^ npaBo j^asaTB npo<{^cco- 
PMR ornycKH ao 29 AHeft Hjni coKpaTHTB btotb cpoicB J^o 8 J^Heft, 
nji KB ^epm*, a cpoKH w 29 Aneft npewcTasHTB coBtry?* Ki qH- 
m BonpocoBi^, npn KOTopux'B npo<f)eccopairB npHxoxHJOCB tojbro bh- 
psaTB yxHBJieHie, npHHaxJieiKa'rB cii^xyronqe: „nr6 esBi^CTHO o epcMH- 
^oQicdeHiu CTy;^eHTOB•B bh4 epeMenu noct>n;eHifl jtexiqft"? EoHe^HO, 
Coipan ciifjijph HHor^a 8a AjiRHBiaAOiTB h mofb SHaTB, m^ owh ji,^- 
oerb sHib ero ayAHTopin; ho, BO-nepBuxi, y CoRpaxa 6HjrB owwh cry- 
Mn^ KOTopmrB owb oco6eHHo HHTepecoBajiCA, a bo-btopuxti, ho wb 
■pttax'B Hamero BpeHeHH BOo6ni;e cjc&ahtb sa Ri^M^ 6u to hh 6ujilo^ 
ioxo^HinrB o6pa80]rB; e^Ba m AHxe RaR0ft-HH6yAB OTOiit^ coMeftCTBa 
K jAiBirjicfl fin, ecjiR6H ero rto cnpocHjfL o ^BpeMJinpoBOSAeHiH^ ero 
Kpotnm csHOBeft bh^ xoMa. Ilpo^ceopa en^e MoryT% hph^jhshtojibho 
^wovaTB pasirtpi AOMamHHX'B saHnrift cTy^^eHTa, no ero ycntxaurb 

n HajRi, HO ^BpeMADpOBOSAeHlH" — nOA06HiIX'B SHaHift, MH j(y- 

Meii, npo^copa ne MoryTi hm4tb; Tyrt npHDMOCB 6h, nosaiyfir, 
Xtf rtsoTopux'B CB^A^Hift ^BpeMflnpoBosxeHiH^ nyCTHTB Vh A^JIO 
<)(<nurvie, npH noMon^H ROToparo j^oRasiiBaDTi HHor^a npRCjryr6 ea 
•ceioe 0BpeifiinpoBO]B;^eH]e*'. 

BoTB en^e Bonpoei: ^Ha^RnaDrB jra h Ba^ojiro xe HaHunamm ne- 
f^Kh SRsaHeHOVB pi^^TB ay;^RTopiH?' ELih: „RaRafl CToneHB 6jra8ocTH 
^necTByen Mos^y npo4^ceopaMR r CTy^eHTaMR?^ Ho ecjiR Ha TaRie 
><HipoeH aerio 6iuo orni^qaTB, noroMy ^to neqero 6hjio OTB^qaTB, to 
XPTrie BonpocH 6Hjni saTO cjiRoiRoirB rojiOBOJioHflHr r ^ase cobc^itb ne- 
P^sptenm. HanpRirtpi: „npR RaRRX'B ycjioBuxi 6uxo 6u bobhosho 

^) Bi o^H^iaiBHOiTL HsxftHiH Mhh. Bap. apocB. (xeBa6pb, 1876 r., 161 crp.), npex^ 
*<Xkion KuccH^ecKoft <i>HiojoriH, yse Hane^aiaHi TocTb OAecciaro ropoxcKoro ro- 
^ aa SAopoBbe MajojiTHaro cuHa HHBHcipa napoAHaro npocBtiaeBui, TMa, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



272 BwnriKi ibpoiih. 

BBexeme cHCTeHu rovopapia 6e3x o^peMeHeniA CTjMfiBTWb^ (^am- 
TeiBHO cb Tenepemnefi naaToft sa y^eHBe?" EcjEcnpamHaaBisieHidiA 
vb BHAy roHopapift, KOTopud He npeBEimajrb 6u Tenepeoraeft niaiii 40 
Hjra 50 py6., TO o&b drowb ne^ero 6bijio 6h h capasniBaTB. CtjAh- 
Tam, ROHe^HO, orroro ee 6bij[0 6u xAsejiie, ec«6£i hu pydn 
nonuH Biri^o Races yHHBepcHTera vh Rapicaffb 5-th h jh 6-th npo^^eceo- 
poBi. EcjiH se npeAnojaraiCA roeopapift, npesuniaDiiuft TenepeamDD 
BJiaTy sa JieRAiH, to canoHy HCRyceoMy MaTeMaTHRy 6um fiu se na 
cHjaM'B npHxynaTB cnoco6i^ no ROTopony 75 hjih 100 py6. OBasana 
6h paBHUMH 50-TH, HJH ynjaTa 100 py6. — He 6ojte o6peii^RTeiiiHol 
XJH HjaTHH^aro, ^m^ bshocl 50 py6. Ei ^HCJiry TaRHxi TpyxHiai bo- 
npocoBi OTHeceMi TaRse BonpocfB neTep6yprcR0My yHHsepcHTeTy OMt- 
paxi Kb yjiyqnieHiD Meduti/uHCKato 4>uyJiBTeTa, Roroparo Tani BOBoe 
H^Ti, H noTOMy npo4»eccopa e^na jh mofju naftTH ht6 OTBinan no 
BTOMy Bonpocy. Butb MOserB, Bopo^ewB, BonpocHEie nyHRTU cocraBji- 
jiHCB Vb Ty Bnoxy, Rorj^a 6uma yBipeHHOCTB vb npHOoeAHHeHiH Mej(i- 
ilHHCROft aRaAOMiH K'b yHHBepcHTeTy, vb Ra^ecTBi^ ((^any^BTOTa, — a iHh 
cii COBC^MB 3a6BiJH yHH^TOSHTB dTH HCTopH^ecsie Cli^AH. 

3a HCRJiD^eHieM'B noxo^HuxB BonpocoBB, paapimeHie RoropimHi- 
CROJiBRO He noABHHyjo 6u AijiB, nepecMOTpi ycTaBa, BonpoCHaa opo- 
rpaMMa rommhccIh SHa^HTejBHo yueHBrnHTCH. Ecjih se npHaecTH h 9n 
ocTajiBHue Bonpocu Kb OAHOHy SHaMenaTejiK), to TaRHirB SHaMeHaieieia 
6yAeT'B HHCJB Heo6xo;(HMOCTH BO qro 6h to hh crajio paAHRajBiaro 
BSuiBBEia ycTaBa 1863 r., 6aaroAapH Roropovy BOTiyse 12 jtTBHaan 
yHHBepcHTeTBi nojiBsyDTca sejraTejiBHUMi ajh ycnixoBB npenoxaBami 
HayRR cooRoftCTBieiTB. ^TO ze RacaeTCH ao npieMa BonpocHoft sporpax- 
Mil, TO owb Bes^i ojsMEi>: 6epeTCH RaRoe-HH6yxB nojoseme craparo yerasa, 
npeACTaBjiAeTCA cl jierRRirB tohoitb ocysAe&in Hjni hphboahtch vb twi 

CB RaRHNl»-HH6yAB XiftCTBHTeJIBHUM'B HJH KHHMilM'B HeAOCTaTROiTb yHf* 

BepcHTeTCRaro o6pasoBaHiH, HesaBHCJiniHirB BOBce orb ycraBa, h sarbQ 
CTaBHTCfl Bonpoci: ^nojiesHOjkH TaRoe nojioaceflie?'' h — „He nojieaHOjniorj 
mI^hhtb TaRoe nojioseme?'' — trri^ ^to BOo6nie otb^t^ 66sime¥) hrctbi) sa^ 
KjTO^aeTCJi yxe vb cbmomi. Bonpoci. 9to— Ta-^aicreMa, ROTopan c* bhtox^i^ 
npHM^HHeTCfl HCRycHUMH oexaropaMH na dRsaMenax'B h HasHBoercH ym\ 
nieMb Haeodumh ynenuKa na xopomie (ytBiTU^ T.-e. na TaRie, oti botoi 

pUX'B H yqeHHR!B, H dRBRMeHaTOp'S, MOryT^ paBHOM^pHO BHHrpaiB CBO^ 

xkjio. HanpHM'bpi: ^nojiesHO jh 6ujo 6u bbocth Rapi^ej^ vb racrex] 
HaRasaHUi? Uphboahtb HaRaaanie r!b XByMi ^pMairB — BHroBopy h yjia^ 
jeniD, He snaiHrB jh HCRJiK>qHTB Boo6H^e HaRasame w% CBcreifii Hpasj 
CTBOHHaro HaA3opa sa CTy^enTaMH?*' Bi nepsoft nojOBHvb Bonpoca-i 
Bonpoci, a BO BTopott — AOBOJiBHo npospa^HO ynasani^ sejaTeiBHuft ori 
B'i^rB Ha BODpocB. CTapanie npe^CTaBHTB cocTOHHie naniHxrB yHHsepcHre^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKi.— BOnPOCHHI nyHKTH. 273- 

miejxoRieTBopiiTejEHinPB, HMeHHO, no Bvnri^ ycraBa 1863 r., j^oxoahtb 

wiiaieKO, VTO bidhjij nojeii^RH Bonpoceajsr nporpaxMa upmoAmrh 

IM Be eoBciwb TOHHHfl xaHHUA. Tasi, naiipHV^P'b, b'b oxbowl h3% 

MpocoBi cusaHO, ^To vh repMaHCKHX'B yBHBepcHTerax'b eocTaBjiAK>TCfl 

1 peioieflxyDTca cryAeHTain HopMaiBmie y?e6Hue nxanH, Tor^a Kas'B 

B Mimn yraBepcHTeraxi He kb o6ma% cocraBjiflTB yiie<$Hiie njiaeH. 

EeaJi KovMHccui hbi BapmaBH sa^xaja no oocbACTBy kb (jrassafinrift 

itedit THHBepCBTen, to ona ne BUDHHjia 6u Tasoro savi^aHiA vh 

CMi» ip^NpaMiiy. npaBAa, vb CTapHHHHX'B ycraBaxi h crapuTB i^npsy- 

npyccsaro mnncTepcTBa ynoHBHanreA y^e6HHe njanu j^mb cry- 

Ho BO MHoraxi yEHBepcneraxi vb nanie Bpeiui ne BiixanTi 

ji&SEsncb njanoBi cryxenrairb, m,vb uoryvb to sacBHA^- 

WKcnoMffB MHorie pyccsie npo<|»6ccopa, yuanriecA sa rpaHHi^et; a 

i vt fuk uaHH coxpamuHCB, xaiTB nanp* vh Jleftmprr^ Tairs ohh 

HnDwneii upb cyxom nepeHHCjeniH npexiieTOB<B, npraoxaBaeioixi na 

fvjUTert, npM^em tojbbo nps HiaoTopiirB npexHeraxi CKasano: 

nioho ipexMeirb yMfi6nie (uymaTB nocMb Tasoro-ro. Bi y^e6H0]rb 

mii Dpixnecsaro ^^aiyjBTera nanp. noiasaHH 25 npeweroBi— Ta* 

ne QUO, BOToparo ne oiymaio Bone^Ho Hssorxa 6onniHHCTBO Dps- 

cnn; ncB ^noBecB aron njiaffB jramem Bcaaaro opaKTH^ecsaro sna- 

vniiiiratTEoe pacnpe^ijieHie jieRi^ft vb nairax'B yEHBepcHTeraxi 

ndn aeqMBHeHHO 6ojAe xapaKxepi nopMOAhHato yseGHoxo nMmcL. 

Om«r etTOBanie BOMneciB, hto y naci b^t^ Tasnxi njianoBi, Kaxie 

fUKmyrcca cryxeHravB sa rpannieft, eoBepmenHo nanpacHO, h no 

nq HQBoxy mosho tojebso saM^THTB, HTO on TeopoTiraecBaro k% 

jUcntieibBOMy sBaBOMCTBy cb repnaHCKHn yEHBepcHTercuMH no- 

iman Tpyxnte nepeftrH, hosmh o($itxaTB bcd Poocid. 

Heronoe SHaxoMCTBO cb xifiCTBHTenmiifH repMancRHME nop^ix- 
iMi o(BapysflBaeTca h bi xpyrHxi cjT^aaxrB. Rb oxhoitb M%CTi cxa* 
^ vro «B repMami o^hkhobohho ^axynTeraicB npexocTaBjuercA 
PfM peaoifeexoBaTB na B£i6op% MHHHcrpa nniCKOMMuxh jmnh m^a sa- 
W« McaHTHioLi irbeTB. 3x^teL, xaseTCJi, ne cobc^itb tohho pasrpa- 
tnmk noHffrui o npani h otfasanHoeTH, h aro neBonno HanoMHnaen 
IPH^ yciaB^ npHBOxHMiift, BOHe^o, XJ4I myTBH oxheitb HannDTB Ta- 
^mioTB BHcaTejeiTB: vb btoicb ycTaBi 6umo CKasano, too uenairB 
NnenmpexocTaBjfleTca npaBO BcrasaTB cb cbohxi iribcn npn Bxoxi 
flQelpieu. 
Ecu nacTB cnpoeavB, iiaciojBSO mosho c:b aoctobIphoctbd sauD- 
& 181^ .BonpocHoft nporpaiofii'' KOMMHCcin o npoxcTonn^eirB nepe- 
V^cni Hamero ynHBepcHTercKaro ^Hra, to kh jotbo MOxeirB yxo- 

Tow I.— ^HBAP^ 1876. 18 



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274 noTEMn nfooB. 

BJierBopHTB Taxoiiy ji>6oiiUTCTBj, HO n^eneuiHBaji Bonpocon. Mh 
6wai nopaseHH czoxcTBOin^ etb cb HanOTaTaHHOD re .Pycdon 
BbcTHHRi* 1873 roxa craiMi) npoij^. JUD6moBiL^ no hobqxt nepe- 
CMorpa ycrasa. Bi BonpocHOfi nporpamrib sbTb hh oahoA hoboI mu- 
cjo, HH ojiHoro HOBaro npexnojioseHiH bh^^ cob^torb, npexiaraBinxcji 
vb jHOHHHyrofi craTB^ 3a to rb Bonpocnyi) nporpaioiy nepemio an 
craTBH xase to, vr6 ooBepmeHHO ne cyni^ecTBeHHo hju Moxen 6mh 
npHBHano sa jnriHoe MBJime np. JlD^HMOBa. TaK^s, HanpHHi^pBf cspa- 
inHBaercH: ^HeotixoxHiEO jn, ^to6% sasi^xyDnpft XHd^oLiHHapHoft Ha^ 
TiD 6urb npo4»eccopB? He saTpyxHHera n npo^^eccopoRB o6ji3aHH0CTB 
npopesTopa? Ob oxomofo mb. npHEHHaercH dTa o^AsaHHOCTB? Ohuxawi 

BHTOXaMH COeXHROHa dTa XOJUKHOCTB?'' BOCB paX^ 9THXI BOIipOCOVb 06l- 

j^HHercH T^WB, qro rb ynoManyTofi CTaTBi np. JbodmoBa csaBaao vb 
CTHJ% sasoHOxaTejui: ,HHcnesiiifl xoisna HaxoxHTBCJi rb Henocpex- 
eTBOHHOirB nox^nmniH peiropa''. ^ai^ npo4>eccopa, b^pojitho, 6hjh 
B% HOHajiOHB saTpyxneHiH, Korxa EWh6iijth npex^oseffB Bonpoci: .Be- 
otfxoxHxo JH coxpaHHTB coAopsaHie RB 300 p., nojqrHaeMoe cespera- 
pewB ^^asynTera?' IIpo^^eccopaMi ne tiujio noBoxa orcranBaTB aro co- 
xepsaHie, ho ho 6iuo Tasse ocHOBanifl BBicKasHBaTBca npoTHRB toto, 
hto(5h oxhrb hrb HrB TOBq)Hmeft noiy^axB sa cboh jiHniHie Tpyxu no 
cocTaBiemi) hpotohojorb rth 300 p. IIodroMy Taxofi BonpocB xosen 
KasaTBCA HBjHmHHMi. Ho noflBjieme ero rb nporpaMici o&hBCBSffm 
riwb^ TTO r. JId6hxorb coB^TOBaxB rb CBoefi craTbi ynorpe^iTB sa- 
jOBaHBO ceq[>eTapH Ha BOSHarpasxeme uoHaicB HcnuraTeJUHoi kox- 

MHCdH. 

HaesojBXO orpni^TeiBHaa h nojeMH^ecicaa cropona BonpoooBi box- 
MHcdH, onnpaDntaHCJi na CTaTBH r. jlD6HM0Ba, Hcna rb CBoeft Kin, 
HacTOJBBO Heonpex^oHHa ea nojiosHTejiBHaA CTopona. Byxymiifi bhj^ 
HaniHXi yHHBepcHTeroRB npexcraBJaoTCH ^pesBu^afiHO CHyTHinrB ckbosb 
npHBMy BonpocoRB, H TpyxHo ce6^ npexcTaBHTB, ht6 hmohho zeiaen 
xaTB KOMHHcdH BBax^Hi ycTaBa 1863 roxa. Bb stowb OTHOBieHiH 
RB Bonpocax'B hoctohhho HaTajEHBaemBCfl na npoTHBopiHiH—npoTHBO- 
pinifl vcTO JOFH^ecsiH, h npoTHBop^da OTHocHTOiBHo caxoft ni^f 
TaRB|Hanp., rb oxhohi Bonpoci ocysxaoTCH ^saMft^aexoe vb Q6in&n> 
ycTaBi HarnHxi yHHBep<»TeTORB CTpexjeme rb o6oco6ieHii) saeexp^ 
ipeRB Tpe6oBaHie, ito6h miqiipft saeexpu (Shjtb xoktopoitb bo pas- 
poxy Hayx'B, cooTBiTGrByDntHXi ero Baeexp'&, Tass hto, cxJM(OBaTeiBH0 
XOXTopi acrpoHoida mjol HexaHHKa ne MOserB cx'i^TBC^ spo^^ecco- 
poiCB MaTeicaTHKH^ H T. X- Be xpyroiTB jse Bonpoci peKOMeHxyerc^ 
XiH 6yxyH](aro ycrasa nocranoBjieHie: 9TO06U hhkto ho hope 6eitb npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC -w. 



XPOfiBSi. — BOnPOCBHS SyHfiTH. 275 

feecqKMTB, He (V(&iaBiiiiEC& HSB^THUirB y^eHiiMH xpyxau no npe^He- 
Tin saxiiqaeMoft VBLoexpu*^. BucraBjifla TasHH'B odpasom Tpe6oBa- 
lie, i9o6u no HOBOiiy ycraBy nojjHaDnqfi saee^py acrpoHOMiH 6uxb 
MMfkcmeKb cowHemaMH no acrpoHOidH, a noJIyHaK)^^fi Kaeexpy ne- 
xami u3e%cmeHh coHBHeniflMH u6 MexcmuKih^ ROMMHCcifl BOScranoB- 
mrh AJU yeraBa 1876 ro^a to caMoe, ht5 ona ocysxaen vb ycraB^ 
1863 roxa. 

jluie — ciOBecHui ^^yiBTon ocysxaercA sa crpexjieHie xpo- 
(nui HS oTx^eniA. Jl^aae naTeHaTHiecKit ^aKyjiBren ocysx&^cfl 
3& TO, ^To offb AOSBOiiurB BHx^jnTBCJi ecTecTBeHHOMy OTAijeniK). Ocys- 
leiJeopoiSHocHTCfl RbBH^y Toro, hto noxodnaA cnei^ajniBaiqA HAPo6- 
jeEie gBexyrE kb Bna^HreiBHHirb npaxmecKHirb HeyAo6cTBa]rB npa 
u^ I BasHa^Hui y^nn'ejieft", — a ^epevE xst crpaHHipi cjOBecnoiiy 
^aiery npeAjtaraercA Bonpocb: ^saKifl oco6iifl nipu c^nrajTB 6u 
mwx6ioxBXBMB Aia BOSMoarao Jiyroiaro npsroTOBiemA: a) npeno- 
laisieieft xpeBHHXB 4I8iibobi^ 6) npenoxaBaTOieft pyocxaro asuKa h 
cioieeBOCTi, b) npenoxaBaxeiefi Hcropm''? EoHe^o, wA npo^^eccopa 
aoBecnro ^^axyjBTera xojshh 6iuh na aro otb^thtb: ^hmohho ti 
^V^ lOTopiifl ocysAftDTCfl KOMMXcded, T.-6. xpo6jieHie crapniHX'b 
Kjpcon Ba OTA&ieHiji, cooTB^TCTByDnpA HasBaHHUicB KaToropiawB yu- 
T^ I iTO ecjiH BOMMXCcia xonycsaerB Taide paspaxKi y^HTaneft h 
fffijm xu HHXi cneipajBHaro npHroTOuenis, to ona caica npn- 
asan Heo6xoAHMmrB to, Tr6 ocysA^eTi* 

Bo ropasxo Basnie noAO^Hux'B npoTHBopi^i ncjio soropuxi mh 
torn da yBaoraTB kpjteme npnii^paiiH — to cyn^ecTBenHoe npoTHBo- 
jivB OTBocBTejn^HO o6n](aro x^>aBTepa 6jAjmfiX'b pyccKHxi yHmepcH- ^ 
i^n, Hacxonico owh odpncoBUBaeTCfl vh Bonpocaxi BomracdH. 9tot£ 
^^M^aneiTB npexcraBjueTca to ci ji06^ajn»HH]CH) to (tb npoTHBono jos- 
BBn OHepraHuniH; vb nepcne#EBi pncyeTCfl ne to yjLTpa-repHaH-' 
cot ynBepcmerb, ne to BOOHHaa moja, cb cooTBiTCTBenHOD jqiciui- 
mioD. Tasoe K0je6aHie ooBepmoHHo cooTB^TCTByoTi SHaiieHiToft ne- 
pifiHreibHocTH r. JlD^HMOBa vb npesHHxi CTaTBax^b ero, na soTopyx) 
^0 ysasano vh aBrycTOBCsot shhsk'6 ^BicTHssa EBponH* vh craTBi: 
iHaoL ApronaBTi*. Bb Bonpocaxi npocxaaiaeTCfl, Cb owoft CToponu, 
fcpiaHocaji cHcreiia cb naqajioirB „cbo6oaii npenoxaBamfl h ciymanifl'', 
t cnpanEHBaeTCJi: ^ne aojokhh m jifijawMtme mam vb pasBHTUi h na- 
■Ki yHraepcBTeroRB nanpanjiATBCfl Kb ycBoemi) dTHXi na^anb?^ — Ob 
Vyroft eropoHH, era CB^Tjaa nepcneKTiraa noxrymoBiiBaeTCJi h^boto- 

FBXI Q&b&CBemSMM^ EOTOpHfl SHa^HTeJIBHO SaTeMHADTB 4^0KB KapTHHU. 

^ THHBepcHTeTaiai 6yAeT% i^apHTB ^B8axHHa]^0HHaa BOKXHcda, vb 

19* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



276 wQTWVh SBPonH. 

nporpaiiHaMi KOtopoft ceoSodmte npoij^eccopa 6ym.t^ opraapaunm 
CBOH ceoOadHUM aeRc^H, a ceo6odHue vh csoaxi daHArkz'b ciyxonBif 
Ayn H€BaTB Ha jieRipArB yBBBepcHrera oTBi^TOBi a^a upexciiofivQ 
aKsaiiesa iipeA'B draft Roioivcciett. Ho Tasi Kaxi Eoimccin 6^9 
KOHT^ onaceme, ^xo cry^^eHTU, nosajiyft, ne craayn Hatan 
OTB^TOBi* Ha npo<|»eccopcBHX'B jexi^iflxi, h npo4)eccopa fiyxyrL 
AeuaMHpoBaTB ^ oiHe^2» wh TrjC^Wi'b ayAHTopiax'b, to au wpwmf^ 
n^eHifl TaBoro sjoynorpetfjieHiji cBO(k)AO&, komucck np^posaiifl 
o6cysAeBie npo^^eccopoB'B eitxyK)nqA pai^ioHajiBHUfl itipu: ^^rotetei 
Aoayn^eHHHMH ao dBsaMHHaiqoHHoft BOMMHCciH, CTyx6HTU xomm % 
xyTi sanacaTBCfl CBHx^TeJBCTBOMi npo4>eccopoB% o nociqeoi ifl 
sypcoB^^, T.-e. 8Ha^HTi^ Ha cBo6oAHftixi npo<i»eccopoffb npeAnojuMM 

B08JI0SHTB 06a8aHH0CTB CUTBTB Vh CBOOft ay^HTOpiH UCIO 

Huxi CTyxeHTOKB H cnpamBBBTB wKb Huena. ^aite, nox 
dBsaneHy aojishu (yxyrB npexcraBUTB bi HCDuraTeiBHyD 
cp^HHenifl, npocHOTp&Ennu h OAo6peHHH4i npo^^eccopaiu^ 
CBiH cBHx^TejBCTBa o6i yxoBieTBopHTejbHiix'B 0TBrbTax% aa 
BBiyMiuci H peneTHTopiHx^ T.-e. hb npo4»eccopoRB 6jffiTh bosjomiii 
TO npaBo, ho to odnsaHHocTB, BUxasaTB njaTeiBH^HBaiTB rosepapi n 
Boro-To poxa nacnopTU. 

npH 6ojd^e npHCTajn>HOM!B HsyqeHui nporpaufu TeiiHHft ^on Ml 
THHii6eperB OBOHqaxaiBHo nepxi hbai^ jy^aiiH sana^Haro iH6^ufli 

H qHTBTOJIH npRXOABTB Jn> 8aBJDH6Hil), TOO Cy^HOCTB HpeXflOffM 

mixi nepeirbni, no RpaftHeft wbp^ no naany BonpocHOft nporfOBi 

SBRJID^aeTCa BO BBeAemH UAKOAhUaiO CTpOfl. ?T0 CTJJlfiSmi 
npeBpaTHTbCA BTB niROJBHHROBl— ABCTByOTIb H8% ynOMflHyTUXTB iri^ 

jcaraeifux'B „npH CBo6oAi cjiymaHiB''. ?to npo4>eccopa aojshb 
TRTBca Bi HiROjiBHHxi y^fflTMeft— BH^Ho H81 npexnoaoxeHift 
H MH^HUi r. JIi)6H]fOBa, TOO npotj^eolopa aojshu ^raraTB JKUJit 
BciiTb npeAMeraiTB cbohxi^ 4^aByATeT0Bi. 9to ^^ynTeiH 
raerca npOBpaTHTB b'b msojui— bh^ho hsi HanipeHui, aeno 
naro b% nporpaHMi, corpbthtb ^mcjio Raeexp^ — na uoBeceon 
ByjiBTeri, HanpHMftpi, yHHTOoarnxB saeeApii Boeotfn^eft jHreparypHf 

BOBHOft HCTOpiH H HCTOpiH HCRyCCTBa, HO SB TO BBOCTH 

reorpa^iio;— HB DpHAH^ecROMib (ji>aRyjiBTeT& ynHTOOsHTB di 
npBBa H Ha nojiOBHHy yHHTOOSHTB rocyxapcTBeHHoe npaso i 
HapoAHoe npBBO hjh, kbri^ BupasaeTca BomaieciA, cihtb on n 
Raeexpy. 9to coRpan^eme RaeoApi coBepmeHHO coriacoo ch ocei 
nojioa^meiTB ctbtbh r. JSjo6iauoB^ too6h Bce npenoxaBaHie Bpaiqul 
0R020 HicROJiLRHX'B FMBHUx^B npeAMOTOBi, npenoxaBaeMUxii DO 4 
rpaiori^, ycTBHOBjieBHoft ne npo<|>6CcopaMH. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC .- 



IPOHUi.--BOnPOOIHl UHRTU. 277 

CrpaHHu ifiicjiE~iipeBparaTL yHHBepcHTerb rb msoiy— sapoxuacb 
ewfi nfevfi vh rojioBi ^ejOBisa, noseprBOBaBmaro Kaeexpoft xu 
rvfejBeTBa h yHHBepcHTeroirb au oeHOBaHHot im msojui. y droro 
leiOBiBa 6£ua BjacT0jaD6HBU, npHCTpaerHaa rs xHCi^HDjinapHOMy 
erpoD Harypa, KOfopaji xojnuut (kut iiaio-no-ifaiy ca&i&tb eiiy aHTH- 
lunrauin yBBBepcHTen h sacraBiua npiraecTH vh sepxBy HoaoMy 
Ibiozy CTpeiueflie dhocth. dasaiinaipoHHaji somnicciji, na nojoBHHy 
coeioffl^aA Hsi npo4>6ccopoBi& yHraepcHrera h na nojiOBHHy h^ npe- 
BOHUMtTaiefi jm^ea, Morjia 6u jutbirb CMUCjrb x^a ocBOBaTexa jHi^ea, — 
HO KMfy se HysHa ara i^iiB TenepB? 

KoHeroo, yMepmift y^HreiB ocraaKCb axenroBi; riaBHue b^b yrmvb 
Uissawb BOBUH Kb oocraBi^ KOiocHodH, odib'tesaBiii^ pyecsie ysHBep- 
CBKiH, H noTony He yxHBHrai&Ho, tto rb nporpaiacft ea BcrpiqaDrca 
juBiHmia BOBBpima. Ho octl oeaoBaiie xjuBmh^ cyxA no nporpaiufft, 
no axeirni He anoiHi^ ycBOHJX c&6i Tafiny CBoero yHHieia. ApxH- 
TeiTopL npH SHBHH ycotxb saroTOBHTB MHoro Mavepiaia— HaaeBiH h 
Bcpmna h xepeaa— HffB-sa rpaHHipi BumKajH pasHua hqbiui ManraHU, 
B6o6Hmia xu pyccxHTB pa6o«x'E. Ho bote, apxHTenopi yMnpaen, 
I CB HmcB HCH681 opraHHsyDspi xyz3b; neeMorpa na aio, yneaHaH 
opoxoisaDTB pa6oTy — ^bto curaen xhphh^h, bto Mnaer^ rojioay 
BMi cx^Tofr, iTO saxyHUBaerca, sail 6u nycxHTb vb xo^h HHOcrpaH- 
HjD HamHHy, h aju jy^maro ycniza CHHraen Heo(koxHMUM!b Hapa- 
OTB pyocxHXi pa6oaxi vb sarpaHHiHyD (Siysy. 

Ho BOBBpiiTHiica Vb lOMMHcdH. 7se xpaTKoe otfosp^me npeixiarae- 
ttai ei> Bonpocowb noKaamaen, tto pesyiBTarB, BoropuH tiyxen 
ffi6uTb TauDCb nyreiTb, exBa jh cyH^ecTBeHHO yBeiHun caiA^^Hia, 
nxoAiBmiaca wb MHHHCTepciBi HapoxHaro npocaftipeHia jifi orapaB- 
leeia b% nyrb bohmhocih. ?t6, HaniMicipi, Horjio BunrpaTb MHmiciep- 
ciio QTb OTBteOKb'npo^^eccopa na ooAo6HHe Bonpoeu: octb jn bi xa- 
loivTo yHHB^^CBnert aasenHHa ]BBapTq)u, hih KasHm oOpasoni aa- 
paaoAoaaHH Taaia-To cyiiHU, oroyn^HHiu Ha opHBarB-xoiteHTOBjB? Cwb- 
Aiiai, xoTopua mofjh saaiD^aTBca wb ovadbrazfB, soHeqao, A&bho Hut- 
•neb Wb MHHHcrepeTBi. Ho ii'&hhoctb Ao6iiTaro aoMHHCcieft MaTepiajLa 
e^6 yMeHBmaerca BCiixcTBie caiiaro cnoeo6a Ao6uBaHia ero. ^opua 
M^MMiKMato AOHpoca npo^^eccopoKB npexoraBJUja laprnHy HcnuTaa' 
open 6yAyn^HifH diaaMHHaiilioHHinui aoMiiHcciaiui, cocraBi botof 
Syxen, Bibpoarao, ho meiAe pasHoodpaaeai. AonpaiuBajiHCB n^ 
copa BO OABHO^aft, Cb riasy na rjasi cb aoiuiHCciefi. AonpocBJHHocTB, 
ipojiMxajai AOifO, APyi*ucB npHHuocB 611TB Ha AonpociJOD Hesa- 
)Mjurb BH8HBaJH yrpoiTB, Apynxtb ahoitb, HHiixtb Be^exnpHATH SB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



302 nwmai iBPonu* 

OKOJO nojyHo^H, sorj^a sommbccu He hotm m 6uTh cOBepmeHHo yroii- 
jieHHofi. He TOJBKO po A OTA^JBHUX'B npo4^ccopOffB Ha Aonpocau 6iu& 
pasjiHHHa, HO He Mente pasjinqna poJiB qn^xLauTb <|»aEyjBTeTOBB h 
yHHBepcHTeroKB. B'b OAHOiTb ropbxi Roioniccifl ocTaBaiacb xoiro, bi 
XpyroMi Hexoiro; oxhtob (f^asyATerb Hiexb na AonpocTB vh navart, 
Borxa dTOTb AonpoeB hm&ii xjh somcHcciH npejtecTB hobhshh, Apyn>i 
KB ROHii;^, Borji;a bommhccLi yse co6HpajiacB vh syTB; Bcx^ACTBiemro 
oxHffB ^asyiBTen, HanpHiitpi, sasHMajTB BOxmicciiD nex'^jno, na xojto 
Apyroro Bfinaxaji oxhh'b x^hb. H^^Topue npo<j[»eccopa hphhochji 
Cb co6oft nHCBueHHue otb^tbi; hh-b, t^itb ne Mente, npeAJtar&iocb xa- 
BaTB H ycTHBie; tiojiBHraHCTBO orpaHH^mBajiocB ycTHiiiiH. Hxo Bacaercfl 

XO nOCJiftAHHX'B, TO He COBCtlTB ACHO, JULKJD HOJBSy MOFJa HSBJKU 

HSTB HHX'B EOHUgem, TaKB BaKB OHa He sanaciacB ereHorpa^m. 
OtfrBflCHeHiA H OTB^TU, AftBaeMiie npo^ccopaMH, sanHCUBajracB eaMm 
uenaMH BomiHCciH. Ho, ne 6jxr^ creHorpaij^aiiH h hphtoifb yroHUUtCB 
sanHeiiBaHBeirB, HpeAOJiaui.BinH]icH ntoeoJiBKO, HHor^a no 8-][H,^aeoBi 
cpaXf'i — sasxHft hbi uohokb sainieuBajrB, roho^ho, toako to, ^ 
exy sasajioeB HysHHMi, TaR'B ^ro xonpainHBaeMHe npoij^copaexBan 
ysnaDTi esoe Hninie. Ho A&se h npn TaROMi coKpan^eHHom cnoco6i 
sanHCHBaHifl, vb pyxaxi KomiHcdH aojsho 6bijio osasaxBca, B'B Bixy 
orpoKHaro ^nicjia xonpomeHHUx'B, rponaxHoe BOiH^ecTBO orpmoiHHX'B 
MH^Bift H 8aM%TOHift HO pasHuiTB OTA'&AHinrB BonpocaiTB. GnpanD- 
BaeTCJi, sasoe .ynOTpe6jieHie saxo^eri CA'&JniTB xomfHcdA h3% cuporo 
Maiepiajia, Koropiift Ha6pajicH veb ea noprifieJiH, h UKoe ynoTpe($ieHie 
Vb coctohhIh OHa 6yxevB c^^aTB? IIpH droirB HOBonHO npHxoAHxrB aa 
yvB o;grai yienuft, Boropiift bcid shshb ^HxajTB y^enuH coHHHeeu, 

BHHHCHBajrB H8% HHX'B rjy60R0MUCieHH£IH ^MaRCHMH'' Ha OTXiUtBHim 

Hpitrasax'B, ROTopse RiajTB vb OT^^^HHe 4in](H«H, co6HpaacB Rorxa- 
HH6yAB cjniTB btoti MaTepiajTB rb i^^oe. Ho hpih^robtb oRasajocB 
TaKB KHoro, a coAepsanie ^icaRCHMi^ 6umo TasB pasHoodpasHO h 6e3- 

CM8H0, HTO OffB ^0 CRXl HOpS HH^OrO H6 HaHHCadll. 

Ha O^ASaHHOCTH ROHMHCdH, RpOH§ HOjyveHUI 0TB'&T0B!B Ha ctepGo- 

THHHHe BonpocH, jiesaio efli;e Hsy^eHie yne^Huzib cfiejsfiiwb h nooo6ifi 
yHHBepcnreTOKB: jia6opaTopifi, Ra($HHeTOBi, Myseesi h t. a. EoHMHodii, 
iQBeno, nocin^ajia nocjrbAHie, ho orpaHHTOHnaa vb CBoewB BpeiiraH h 
npflxafl rjntBHHiTB otipasoirB orfSHpameirB otb^torb, ona Morja yx^- 
Hapo^pa dry o6ji8aHH0CTB cbod jihhib no ni^ojBRy KHHyn, xaRi^ vro 
"^aeexpHie en yHHBepcHrercRHrB Ra6HHeT0Bi hm^o 66xbmev) qacTBD 
^^loa^HiB Tixi o6£nHUX'B noc^H^emft^ RaRHXB yj^ocroHBaDTCfl y^^ou 
^'^^o Htct^yqpesx^Hia co CTopoHu HHOcrpanHuxi rocreft. 
*% ycTj 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKi.— BOnPOOHHI nyHSTU. 303 

Bs Bsxy Boero aroro hoAho cnpocHTB, ch vtiKOTopawh Hexo^Mi- 
nen, xaKyD ace co6cTBeHHO nixb joAxh. vb BH^y lomnicciA h sft- 
na pesyATETOffb oxHxua ona on CBoeft qoIsabb? EcTecTBeHHO xy- 
nm «iTO eejni6u RomiHceifl sejsjui noaHwoiiHTBCJi (tl cocTOAmeirB 
njn Bi Hamrb yBBBepcHTerazi, cib xapaRrepoirb npenoxaBaHUi h 
artKB^ ^ BHHOCATB ciymaTeiH hs^ ynHBepcHTercKaro npenoxaBamjr, 
TO uesu efl xojibhh 6hjh 6u coctoatb h8i npasaaEHHu rb nayq* 
wan lipi aBTopflreroBi^ xas'b ubi, no MV&Hii) KOMmcciH, h npo^^ec- 
oopon Mosen 6htb toubo jm^o, cx^asmeeca mBitnam no CBoeft 
caevuBHOCTH, a bbbobi me xoJseirB 6htb Hay^HHfi aBTopHTerB Toro, 

DO 06eySXBeT!B X&B[T6JU»H0CTB npO^^eCCOpOBi; ^JieHU BOHMHCCiH XOJRKHH 

(on tin ynorpe^HTB ropasxo 6ojiBnie BpenoHH na x^ftcTBHrejiBHoe Hsy- 
m^ wjMKh yHHBepcHTera h, HanpHM^p^B, iio6iiBaTB vb ynHBepcHTe- 

nil KB Mai, BO BpOHJi dBSaiieHOFB. 

Hxiia XH Vb BHxy KomracdJi ydeaTB, xaiTB othocatca yniiBepcH- 
mu wbESvrb x^ficTByD^eify ycTaBy? Ho x^AdToro HenysHO 6wlo6u 
B0BC8 nycKSTbca vb nyxB, TaEi Bax'B ho 6oxie^ bbkb Tps roxa Tony 
naa^ Bci yHEBepcHrera BiiCEasajracB vb nojiBsy ycTaBa 1863 r. 

Bitia jni OHa vb Bvxy ysnaTB, bbe'b othocatca yHHBepcHTeTU si 
i^wa, npejuosoHHincB bi „Fyc. B^cth.* OTHOCHTejBHO npeotfpaso- 
■aiti jCTEBa? 

ffiL dTOrO 6lU0 6U XOCTBTOHHO p^tSOCiaTB CTaTBD r. JlD^HHOBa H 

MfwoMMTh ynHBepcBTOTairB o6cyxBTB ee, KaBi dTO 6hjio cx&iaHO vb 
JOCBOBCxoicB yHHBepcHTeri, coBirB BOToparo edtmotAocHo sa^auoTHpo- 
ua .imiHie'' r. JlD^HiioBa. 

MoserB 6utb, Bomraccifl nojiarajia, ^to MH^Hifl r. J[D6HM0Ba Haft- 
xjTb (kote co^yBCTBifl Mesxy npo<j|)eccopaiiH nps oxheohhoitb xonpoct 
DB CB rjasy na txbb% cb caxHifB aBTopoHi? Ho Kasoe se SHa^eHie 
joryn hk^tb vb rjasax'B MHimcTepcTBa unima TaBHXB npo<|^eccopoB%, 
lOTc^ue BHCsasajracB 6u Ha-exHH% ci EOMiracciefi Hea^e, ^icb npn 
rjacHDiTB o6cysxeHiH npoOKTa r. J[K)6HH0Ba bb cob^t^ hjih bb nenaTH; 

ipiTOlCB Se, dTO MH^Hifl, HO CKp^BJieHHUa aBTOpaMH HXB H SailHCaHHHfl 

XMBfiMMy nanepexB saflBHBmHMH cbod cojraxapHOCTB cb flSB^THofi ch- 
CKmA saiTB camucB coxepsameiiB, TasB h pacnojoaaeHieMB npex^a- 
nemiu BonpocoBB. 



Bb BHxy Bcero aroro mh npoxoJisaeifB inpraTB nojEyi) yBipeHHOCTB, 
vouHHcrepcTBo HapoxHaro npocBin^ema coxpaHHTB BnoJEH^ cbod Hosa- 
ncnoerB on sasjDHeHit KomracciH, ocjeh TOJiBSOona MorjanpHXTflSB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



304 



BWniHK^ BBPOnH. 



KaivmrHHiyxB sauDqeEDAM^'^— a sro rian jerie XJU mraHorepcTBa, 
TTO OHO nien Towiftmifl eBftx^HUi 06% yHmepcareTaxi ont CBora 
Donemeieft, m Boropux'B BaxAHft 8HaB6ii:b ci^ CBonrb. ymaiQ^cne- 
Toin^ HO AB&t Hjra Tpi H0A^H, a ic&AiMH rox&m; oa msoBamH 00- 
eroHHHim oneron nonevnrejet, mmcrepcTBy Mfiimao 6uTh 6jam» 
SHaBOMo HacTOJUi^ee noioseme ero yraBepeneroBib, h norony any MBee 
HO HysBo criaumai pesyuTaraHH 6e8flpH][ipH0 6ueTpoft pa6oTii koi- 
ncdv, BOSBpanBmeftcfl vmA mn CBoero nyrenecTBur. Boe dro ih 
FOBopun ch viiBi) ycnoBoiTL Hannah aiapncroBi, Tpenoaaimn 
o6iitecTBO cxyxaiai h pasesasaini patforan BomuicciH. 

B. H. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC * I 



xvouBi. 305 

NHOCTPAHHAfl nOTINTMKA 

1-e jiHBapfl, 1876. 

BhBOPH bo «FAHIl[73CBlft CEHAT'B. 

VecajCjoauLELCKaa. naprifl bo ^aniuH vb nponrjiom m^caii^ o^ep- 
ma BeeBMa BasHyD notfixy: m hbcie 6e8CMiHHHz% ceHaTopom^, 
iBfipaHHHii Hai^ioHauHHirB co6paHieirE, orpoMsoe ((ojbidhhctbo npHHaji^- 
MOTB Kb napTiH pecny6jiHRaHeioft. BasHOCTB dToro ycnixa yAoero- 
lipt ercji npesxe Bcero tImi BHa^eHieMi, saRoe opjeaHHCTH npHxaBajra 
cufony y^pexxeHii) cenaTa. YHpesxeHie ceeaTa 6tuo i^iHofi, KoropyD 
pecny6iHKaHcsoe MeHbmnHCTBo samaTHJio sa y^pexHTeiBHse saROioi 
25-ro ^BpajA, to-octb sa 4^pMajiBHoe ycraHOBjieHie peeny6jiHSH. ffi 
1875 roAa bo ^panipn 6iLrB tojibko ^cenTeHHaTb'', He 6ujio opraHH- 
^ecnxi y^pesAenift h saaoHOBi, oupeMfhimomjiTb caoeo^i nepezoxa 
uacra hsi om^Atl pysi vb xpyHii. OnaceHie ycn^xoBi fioHanapTHSna 
I cosHaHie, hto Hai^onajBHoe co6paH]e Korxa-HB^yxB aojsho 6ywn 
pasoftTHCB AO HacTynJieHifl bosmosbocth BOSCTaHOBiiTB opjteaHCRyD mo- 
i&pxii), iio6yx0jra napTiH) npaBaro i^enrpa npHxyMaTB Tasoe y^esxe- 
Hie, n soTopoiTB oaa Horja 6u nepesHTB HUHtmHee cotipanie^ hm^^ 
Bi pyiaxib 6praH^ nocpexcTBoirB KOToparo napria ara na^'i^JiacB co- 
xptHiTB Bjiame na xox^^ x^^- Bon jua Hero npBAyiiaHi ^hjtb ce- 
UTi, coeroflii^ifi ne 6ojie^ ^iwh hsi 300 ijeHOFB, evl Hicja koto- 
pm 75 AOJSHU 6iUH 6uTb H36paHHUMH HUH&nHHJTB co6paHie]CB H 
ocraBaTBca (SescM^HHUifH. IIpH droiii npaBuft i^eHTps 6ujvb ydtexesB, 
m, cocraBjuui wh co6paHiH ^kjootb sxania'', xy notfixoHocByD xpy- 
mj, KOTopafl pimaen a^jto rb BasHiftmiji MHEyru to cbohicb so- 
cioaHHHMi coDsoBTB CB opaBoft CTopoHofi, TO BpeMeHHHiTB coexHHeHieirB 
ei jiaoft CTopoHOfi, owb npiotfpiTen js^ui cborxi ueHOBi SHa^HTen- 
Hoe HHcio, a AJU Beeft npaaofi BMicTi — orpoMHoe 6oJB]nRHCTBO vb 
^xft 75 nepBiiTB ceHaxopcRRXi MtorB. Tojbro vh CRjiy droro yfiis- 
mu R Doxi ^piiajiBHUifi ycJOBieMi, hto jiiBufi i^eHTpi noxacTfB ro- 
^Ma sa ynpesxeBie cenaTa, op^eaRRcrcRid npaBufi i^eRTpi pinrajiCA 
^^eaeRBo coeARRRTBCR cb hrmi h BOTRpoBaTB „0RpyseHie cenxeHRaTa 
opnuonecsiiifR yHpesAeRiRRR^. IIjioaom'b axoro coeARHeHlR 6Hjia pec- 
■TtSmaRCRaR ROHCTHryiUR 25-ro (j^Bpaxa 1875 ro^a. 

H16 se osasaiocB Bi^ MRnyBnieMi MicRi^i? Hs^ HRCJia 75 RB^paR- 
iHxi eo<!paHieR'B ceRaropoB'B, vb opjeaHHcrcBoft npaBofl r npaBony 
Wmpy opRRRA^iesaTi toiuso narepo, rkb Roropux'B en^e Tpoe: npe- 

Ton L— flHBAP&, 1876 20 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



306 ncnm bpqiih. 

SHxeHn co6paHui, BoeHHUi h Mopcxot mhhhctph 6wa aafipanH toilso 
noTOM J, TTO sa hhxi noxaBaia rojioca ^aers jtBOt cropoHiL Ilopase- 
me Alii opjieaHBCTQffb naiHiftmee. Ta i^iHa, soropoe y wa% 6iuo 
Bjueflo npoBOdnameHie pecnytfjnBH, He ffua^eea mwt^ nm onion, 
KOTopuft OHH iLOTim co3jiaTB cetft vh 6jj,jmfiwh^ jcEOjaaEjTh ■» m 
pyn H xocraicfl bi pysH hx'b opoTHBHHBairB) 6jM,eTh cjyauTB c^- 
CTBOiTB He Bi CM^&Ht peeoytfjiHBH opjieaHCBOD Monapxieft npi 7x06- 
HOMi cjyqa^ ho cpeACTBOirB wb ynpoqemi) pecoyfijUBH. 

Bi TaBom pesyjiBTarb opieamiCTu xoishh bhhhtl cbod se Edn- 
H0CTB> CBOi) caMoyB'bpeHHOCTB. CoeraBJUui cdhcsh bbhahx^tobi, ohi 
HpexocraBfljiH 17 Mjicn oe6t, 12 6jiH8Boft hite yirfcpeHHeft npaaoft 
(RepxpeiB, Aeneipi h t. a-)i 6— /mne djnsnnrb ceM TOHcepaaTopan 
(rpynoft Pradi6-niaHrapHM, JljmoncKBrh h npoH.), 5 — esofi oxHoft ^pas- 
qiH npaBoft cropom (rpynna de<!lereq), Bopo^e — 40 uicn ce6i i 
CBOHifB coDSHHBam; jterHTHMHcrairb (Bpatsu npaBan) ohh xortn 
npei(0CTaBHTB tojibbo 13 irbcm s norpaHH^HOt c% jtisoD cropoeoft 
rpynnd^ Lavergne (BajiJioffb, JlaB^HB h xp.) 7 vbcrs. TaBim o6pa- 
BOflft, OHH xorijra npexoeraBHTB (|»paB^iA]^b npaBoft cropoma 62 mtcra 
BVb 75; BiAwb rpynnaiTB x&Boft, bc^itb pecny6jiHBaHCKHin& napTun 
hnicA npexoojiarajiocB xavL tojbbo 13 xftcirB, xa h to en^e roBO- 

PRIH BO8MOSHOCTH BBJnO^UBTB Vh OTO HOCJ^^XHee "IMCXO BiCBOJUO 

jnm^, BdflTUX'B bh6 cotipaux, r soHe^Ho^-*He pecny6jiHBaHqevb« 

TaBaH aji^HocTB h caMoyBibpeHHOCTB h 6ujni npHUHos) nopaseHUi. 
HtcBOiBBo ueHOBi Bpaftnett npasoft cropoHU (mi^bhob xor^pasib^ 
xe-jia-Poinem)> TaKB-HasuBaeMHX'B chevaa-16ger8, couh ee o6xiJKB- 

HOD H He MOrXH npOCTHTB dXOft HOBOft HHTpHTH TOft OpjieaHHCTCXOft 

Hiq^TiH, „BOTopaH, cx^JiaBi peeHy((iH]cy npomrB BopoiH, xenepB xoriia 
coBxaTB cenaTi npoTHBi^ pecHy6jHBH^, bbbb BapasHJECJi oxhh*b hsb ue- 
HOBi BpaflHeft npaBoft) xe-ia-Pomem, vb nHCBift. JLImole cropona iobko 
BocnoiBSOBaiacB dTHiTB HacrpoenieirB h npexJioauua leraTHMHcraicb 

CBOft CODSl, BOTOpitft H 6hLFb npHHHTl. JlerHTHMHCTH CTajW HOXaBtn 

rojoca CB pecoyfiaHBani^aiiH, ^HpexnoCTras otbpututb BparoBi cspii- 
TvoTb HexpyraMi**, no xpyroxy BupaseniD nneBMa jia-PoHierra. Eo- 
He^HHft pesyjBTaTB 6iijrB xaBOBi: nsfipanu 6hua 23 ^jiena jritearo 
n^enrpa (RasHMipiB UepBO, JIa6yxe, UHBap^B, BojiOBCBii), 14 uohobi 
„pecny6jiHBaHCBo& jiftBot' (BapTejie]fH-CeHi%-njep<B, JHrrpe, S. Ch- 
xoh!b), 8 uenoBi pecny^jraBancBaro coDSa (Ul&iBxeprB, 8. Axan)i 
10 ueHOBx Bpaftnet npaBoft, 6 rpynnu JaBepHH, 5 npasot h npa* 
Baro i^OHTpa, HaBoneiTB 8 ne npHHaxiexan^HX'B vb oopextjeaHim 
(j^paBi^iTB (BBecTopi Basi, eniCBonrB opieancBifl Jl^Mmrnxj h xp-)- 

3aMiqaTeiBH0, hto mvh 20-th xexeraTOBi (j^pakipft npasot croposB, 
cotfpaBHiHxcji, 6-Fo xeKa6pH, y roHepajia IIIa66-J[aTypa, m yTsqixiB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHfii.— nOOTPUIil EOUTHBi. 807 

npiB^^^MHoe BHaiiaxi pa cuymt ieaie vficn » ^bhoA MeeBpa* 

nXXHBOCTLD XXS Jiteofr CTOpOHH, 16 6SUE CMMM BUDVeiBI Bl BTI 

emcBH, HO Hfffi Hiz% fl36paHB co6praieics toibbo oabvb, reHepajTE 
nbontpB&e. BoTB rxb oopaajvLiaeiB noraeopsa: ^ne pot Apjrowj mmu^. 
Opran lepi^tra BpojUH, raseM ^Frangats'' npoBosriftflnLia nepexi 
iBdopam: ^Bonpoci ae ifoseT:^ paa^iiHTbCfl 6a«& 6opB<Kii JievLT 
liBQD H soscqmiTqNuiB; HHrro en^e HeoAepmmurB no6'6AH) fiexanb 
qNfcseHU''* „Fran^^ h ei> np^traauenaA bca naprk jn drojn 
quraaiH 6umu pasiiMu Ba*roaoBf. 

YcuiMTb peenyfijHsaBmen 67x01% MiribfTB ae toibbo to SBa^Hie, 
«o OHH yse ofiesneiBjra 6a6i douniHaoTBO cpe^H 6e3cic&HHux% eoHa- 
TopoBi, HO en^e h 70, «o Butfopv dTH Moryrh aocjiysHTiK flpaicipoirE 
Xtf (yjiyn^Hxi Bii6opoBrb bi eenarb lajary AOHyraTOBi, mm^fom.BTb 
vfOEcsLOMjsTh B% CTpaH^ vh CBopoifB BpeMOHH; peBjATairb huh:&iibhx%, 
mpuUTb Bu6opeB% xosotb xaTB wmYJocfh Bceiiy xo^y na^BparejibBaro 
xiia. Ht0 jEe BacajocB npasTHqecBaro aHa^eflui Bu6opoBi Ib-^m coHa- 
fopoB!B XJuc HacTOABWo BpeiieHK, TO OHO 6iuo HpeyBejH^eHO pecoytf- 
maBCKBifH dpraHaiiH, oSHAaeHiHifH, may nocjFiACTBieirB hz'b ifoxen 
(uth BiixoAi b;b QTcraBsy satfiiHeTa Bixf^^f^ h OBOH^aTeiBHoe pacTop- 
aeaie SHaMeHHraro coDsa ^soHoepBarHBHux'B chj^b", HHSBeprniaro Tbepa, 
Tan-HasiiBaeifaro coDsa 24-ro naa. Ha Bu6opax'B 6iiJ0 no6'kvfiao 
meflao 24-e M afl; OB aTHin» corjiaoiajicji AarSe »Bevue des deux MoBdes'', 
lOTopiit BOBce He Bpasjs(e06Hi opjeaHBcrairE. HoiuiTBy opasaro i^eHTpa 
W9% sypHaji oxapaBvepfldOBaxb Tarn: „dT0 iuja npanofi peBaHin^ 
oponiffB 25-ro (j^paM, yerpoeaHud vb nouay noiHTHSH 24-ro Max, 
iOTopaji BOBua 6u iio6'&j^oH06HO hi> ceaaTi*''. Ho ?to 24-e naa 
Bono 6inh ootixA^HO fia Bu^opax^ mn ororo em^e Be cJitjiOBaiOi 
vro BOfloepBaTopu ae eofijiyroH 6ojibe jufi oey^^crBjieais tii.'h saso- 
BOBB, BOTopne OHH eo^e cuTaen aeofixoxHiiUM'B npoBeefrL xo paeiiy* 

mNQB HUHtoBIIFO e0($paHU, W npOHSBOACTBa HOBUXl BH6opOBl, K 
BBMHO ei^ J^ilBD nOBJiflTB Ha dTH BU(k)pH, Bib ROHeepBaTKBHOlTb 

exHcii, HacBOJUbBO t6 bosmosho, 6wb HapymoHiH ocHOBiioro npoa- 
ivuia BGeo6n^Lro HsfiHpaTejiBCTBa. riaBHuft h3'b sthxi saBOHOB'B, totb, 
lOTopoft ycTBHOBJuerB cHCTOMy OAHOHMOHHaro H36paHiH, no OBpyraHi^ 
t He DO xenapTaMOHTCBOMy CDHCBy, en^e paa'ite 6inji'b dpehhtb co6pa- 
Hien, H npHHarie ero nocjysHJio t^m'b ^ncHxojforH^ecBHU'B momoh- 
iokb', Vb BOTopitft eanoe fioibrnHHCTBO cosnajio, ^to, cosxaBi* ycjOBie 
croA 6jaroHpiiiTHoe yeoixy BaHAHAaTypi tioraTBncB jDxeft, Moryn^HX'B 
irao npHHHMaTB na ce6a pacxoAU no B36paHiD h nojiBsynn^HxcA 
rtcTHHVB BJuiHieM'B, BOHcepBaTHBHOo co6paHie M03BerB yse xyicaTB 
CBoen pacnyn^eniH. Ob dToro MOMeHTa, 6jih30Ctb pacoyn^eaiH 6uj[a 
pbieHa vh oCmfiWh codna^H. OcTasaiocB ycTanoBHTB en^e xpynn boh- 

20* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



808 vwnoKb bbfoieh. 

oqmmiBHii4i rapanriii Asa bh6opobi: jMH^neame ws6mpnuyain 
yvacTBOim ■ sasosB o6ib oeaxHOii^ DOJioseiiiH h o iiOTaTH, Koropun 
oeaxHoe nozoseaie h <!e3opaBHM cocrofiHie neiaTH v& Hicsoium 
xtosocrm, a bi tom^ ^ecA kb IIi^[)Hsft — Bce eiQe npoxoem* 
juDTCfl ycMOi^iBii) npaBHTancTBa. Brh sacix&Hii 24*r(i x^Ba^pf , le- 
CMarpfl Ha bc^ yeHjrifl jftBOt cropoHB, eoi^anie noioaazo le paui- 
MffFh Bonpoca neqavH on Bonpoca 06% ocaxHom naroseflki. Taim 
o6pa80]r^ Roajnn^ifl 24*ro mtm BoscraHOBHiacB^ saxx tojibko xiio 
xociiyjiocB BHOBB ^oxpaHeHifl ochorb' r saioseflifl .soflcepBafnnro 
rapaHTift". EoHanaprECTH, Koropae npH ceitaTopenx^ BH6opaxi noxa- 
Bajn rojioca c& pecnytfjmRaHi^aMH ■ jferamracravH, h can jenmi- 

MHCTII TOT^aCB BOBBpaTHJHCL nOX% SHaMA 24-rO MtB. 

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(fUKk cnjTh miot se ooepaiqefi, xas'E ■ BCflsaa xpynui; « ecn 

J Hero een x^th, to norony, ?tq aroro xowte ero aesa. Msi apex- 

dttUDTca nponunie B^&sa, Korxa xftxu Harai mirjiH He ToponacL h j 

nn 6ujtb xocyrb xja id^bh. Ohh tsjuuH Ha jiomaAflxi h ycn^BajiH 

vjiMOBtLThCE Aoporoft; ohh ho ^HTaiH raserrb, ne anajiH yrposn vb 

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lOBBXHMOiiy, HrpaTB oTHHHi Mi» Hamofi xynri^ h nameft shshh. 

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t xoiry noxojie ocraHOBHTLCfl, opesxe ^iwb nepeftrH ki npHMipaMi. 
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Digitized by 



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MioseaiH M/bjtb na (|»a6pHBi AeaflHA. Oh'b xase iobbhhi o5pad(urB 
luiXEtBaerE o&b aroMi y 4»aB«jiBmiH> Hoxapiyca. Otbe^ Aaen mhji- 
jioia 3a ffifie^hv; a ifiOseT^ ^utb h MHxiioH% AB^cth tucbto* Xopomo, 
eeiB 6h qhi jiairB MnxiioHi^ XbAc^h thchtb — ^h SBLdjib p&naerB se- 

Bb leqema xpexi xtcfli^eBrB BavoaHui Bexerca BecBMa HCHycHO. 
SnseHHrnft BoHrpam HHMterB fb aoft rjaBHyi) pon. Oh'b BCTyoaeirB 
n neperoBopu cb Aobhhb, ojuifliTB hsi ero crapHHHux'B co6paTOBi& no 
jipexBTQiBHOify co6paHiD, h Majio-no-iiajiy o6pa6oTUBaeT% ero y(H^ 
mn oixaTB AO^h H MHxiioro ab^cth tuchtb ^^paHsoei npsAaHaro. 

— A ero o5oniejrBl — roBopan ohb, cm^cb, JKdjo: — renepB tu 
lonou HaiftTB yxasflUBATB sa aohopbd, ae pBeaya CKOMopoMerTHpoBaTB 

I XoMh HanaaeTB yxasHBaTB aa aohboA. Oh'b saaBajTB Mapra- 
Vaj BO BpeiieHa oau, Bor^a ohb 6£ua pefieoBOMi. Ohh 06a opoboahih 
xbto wb MfipemiAy bbuomm^Y otb $0HTeH6jd, shih ApyrB otb Apyra 
■ft paderoaHiH AeeaTa MHHfTB xoABfiv, h ryjua, cb BaBBsaaa, e«e- 
WBflo Berpi^aiflCB xpyn cb xpyroMi. MapcapaT'&yseABajmaTB-naTB 
An. Ho, Boase xoAl bbjpb ohb noxf pa'i^a hb ero Bdrja^B, aorxa okb 
noBB CBHA^ca CB Heft! Koae^ao, oaa BHBOFxa ae 6Bua zopoma; oaa 
^Shjb h bo BpexH 6ho vepaa, bbb^ mporB, ho e^ Tbi.% aop% CTaia 
BotTi rop6aiToft, ■ OMjBOb rjasi y aeA 6aiBnie, ^jtb Apyroft. Ho oro 
v BlBiaeTB eft 6iitb MaiMmeft AiayoiBoA wb CB^rb^ aeeBMa ocrpo- 
JiBot, roBopjrrB, h Bpaftae Tpe6oBaTejBBO& hbc^ti Ba^ecsB^, boto- 
pan oaa Hn^en vb 6j Ajuijdwh Mysft. Oaa yse orsasuBaja OTia<iHHH% 
iMBxain, niwh h otiacBaerca to, hto oaa jyo chzi aop'B ae aaxy- 
aeBB, HO BBHpaa aa mujioB'B npaAaaaro. Kopab Sojb pascraerca g^ 
^ MOtMb Bepaaro eaaAaaia, OffB otfiaBjuerB, qxo oaa o^eaB aa^a. 
Obb OAtaaevea oupoaaTejBao, fobopbtb o<!o bcob'b <» aeeoBpyaiH- 
QOB aHjo]f6oM% a, HOBHAaaoMy, cfbjuiierh arparB paiB zoaaftBa ro- 
cnaaoft, cb acByecTBOii^ BBoroanidA DapasaaRK, aoropoft aeapaca- 
*»CTB TOiBso apvA^erB a^BoropyB) opaf aaaiBBocTB. E/b Toxy se, a^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Z20 mmnnrb ibpoiul 

Bymn, y iirn^ft mjijioHs xjsien vaean npHxaHaro, opaBO xe, xo- 
mwh noBBOjniTB eeM ({utb HespacHBoft. 

Ob VTETh nop^ xikio HxerB shbo Ha jax^ Seniixi h aeeiicTa ae 
Tane jhomm, ^ro6ii repan Bpeiiii Ha jdOobhiu BpexHeioida. H toitb, 

■ KPJThE OTjra^HO SHaVKTB, RaKOFO pOX^ C^ilXJ OHH SaUDUBTB XpyTK 

Ch ;ip7rox>B. Ohh noHAjnr xpyn xpyra ei oepBaro BsriJixa. MaprapHra 
BdCHHTHBajacB vb apHeTOKpaimeeBOHn& nandoHi; OHa jraRnuacB m- 
repH cem jAvb otb poxy, h oreiTB ne mopb Ha6jn>xaTB sa m bocsb- 
Taniens. Ona ocraBajtacB vb HandoHi xo cenaaxi^aTH jAtl^ yucb 
Beevy TOMy, tofo ne Mosem ne shbtb 6oraTaii x^ByniKa: xysEnA, Tax- 
i^avB, xopomHVB xanepavB h xftse nexHoxKO reorpa^in, Hcropix x 
apHoxerHBH. Ho BocnHraHieiTB ea rjaBHUxB otfpasoK WBtmsuncb ea to-^ 
BapBH, xajieHBKia x^bo^kh, cotfpaHHua eo ncfkcb 6oraTSx*B KBapraiOBi^ 
napHsa. B% dTOMi xajteHBBOifB iiipBi, tfxBnieirB MHHiaTDpHot xoxieft 
6oMhmoTo CB^Ta, vb ^erxpex'B ev^HarB, vh kotopxkb OHa poeia, Map- 
rapRTB yse cb ^OTEipHaxi][aTH Avh nocrirja npumiocTH 6orafcnM^ 
npoHHBJfacB npaBTH^recBHXB xyxom b^bb, Hosnajia xo i ' yiue c TB o xuhb- 
iQHHH H bc£ i4 yejOBiX R3i BOTopiixB cjaraeTeB xama i^HBHixsaicix. 
EciH ee cxyia,aeTB saBan-HHtfyxB xosfltCTBeBHaA xeio^ sa to 
cpasy OTiHUTB BceBOBMosHUA BpyxeBB, rOBOpHTB xoxaTB, 
ooHTHaji nopTHHxa, 8Ha«v% asTpHCB no HxeHax!B, ;^pxhtb na{Mt xx 
cBa^xarB h cyxHTi o zomaxaxB bb TexHH^ecBBXB BupaxeHi£x%. Oxx 
BHaoTB oHi^e H xHoroe xpyroe, ro Bce no ^eern; b^xb ohb Boia ei^o* 

ryi) XHBHB BB HOCJ^XHIJI BOCOHB jri^TB, BBBft BlIBUa H8B naXCfoxa. 

HaprapHTa npexcraBjuieTB cotfox) HOBifimit thhb xojioxot^paHoyacxoft 
X^BHUH, crpoFO npHjH^Hot, HO paBrjAx^BBieft Bco HBB'^a CBOOTO Bitepa. 
Mesxy T^MB 2Kdj[b e«exH6BH0 npHCszaOTB eft ((yxoTB vh rpx jryx- 
xopa. Eorxa ohb HaBin^aerB ee, to otfpan^aercJi cb Heft o^ohb jn)6e8H0c Ho 
pasroBoprB CBopo nepexoxHTB na to, kbeb ohh otfcraBHTB cbod ceme^ 

HyD XH8HB. nOCjrt XByXB-TpeXB (iamXBHUXB BOXnimeHTOBB, SeHXZ!E eiB 

HeBi^CToiD TOJ»yDTB 6e8B ycrajiH o6b o6ofto][HBaxB, xapeTHSBax^ x xex- 
xaro poxa nocxaBn^HxaxB. MaprapHra p'&iHHJiacB npHHHTB npeiXJiosexie 
JBdjh, noTOxy ^to naxoxHTB ero xoeraTOUo riynxM^ x enie noraiy, 
^rro o^eHB csy^jia npomxoD SHxoft bb xox'b ori^a. nepaaji JEX>6oBaajB 
Hpopyna hxb coBepmHTca xb oneib AxorepxaxcKOft yxHmi. Mapra- 
pHTB naxoxxTB, qro okb xaMBBTB; HO pimaeTB, ^to cHHxerB xxik- 
i^H neperopoxBH h nepeHecer^ xsepH. IIovoxb o6cyxxaeTB i^'&rB xa- 
6eyiH, cirpaBMeTca, bbsb pacnojoxeHa ea (tyxynota CHajBsaa, ocxaxpx- 
BaeTBBrax>niHH, soTopuxH oeraeToa xoboxbhb. Ohb npiftssaerBeHie pasm. 
XBa BB OTejiB, HTo6u jmvBO tfM^nsb H^aoTopiia yBasaHiii apxxr^c- 
TOpy. SEdjib bb Bocropri; o«b namejCB tbi^ seoy, BaByx) exy 
nysHO. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHRi. — fliPuraufl niouu. 321 

3i lex&oo xo cB9txb6u o6i eenH c^hth nTOn. SHaMeHamft Boh- 
Tfm I enpna A^hhb yse pan xecarb eoBimajHCB ei HOTapiy- 
CM. Ohh cjijMm aa MejL^alnraifH craTLanH xoHrpaBTa e% nexoBip- 
imeruo JDxeft, soropiuirb juoxcicaA ^eerHOCTi ne BHymaeirB HHiasBX'E 
lUDait. 2SDXB, ei CBoei cropoHii, xjono^eirL h3i bcIxi chjtb o ota- 
letei KopBiHsi. Maprapera, BonpesH Bcim* npajra^aiTB, nonpocHjui 
cs jJHKioft ia6ajoBaHvaFO petfeHsa, BOTopoiiy nexuui hh b» ^em or- 
iiBin» cawd Bii6pa?B 80jiotiu yxpaineHifl h q>yseBa. H Bon, rb co- 
^mnam 6ixBoft poxerBMHHipi, ohh 6'6rai>n ci yTpa xo ho^h 
wvnnHan h oi^HflDn 6pHjMiaHTii h BajntHdenHH. 9to, anpo- 
«B) nwb m eafiaBJuen. Ohh He vyjuixyrh^ o6HaBmHe&, khmo se- 
JBBS isropoxeft, JSBLETb Bjii)6jeHHue y noaTOsi; ohh yjH6ai>Tca xpyn 
DRTT, cixa Hepejn npnjiaBKOMi DBeinpoBi, nepexaBan xpyrB xpyry 
nimi 6poKKH naiBivtMH, ozjiasxeHHiniH npHsocHOBenieMi vb xpa- 
mtamn KaMHHn. 

Bttoiem, xoHTpaKTi noxDHeasB. Bo Bpeiu ero irenu noeiixHift 

(MpiMBiKaerb nesxy sHaMeHHrmii BoHrpaffowb h X^bhhb. Ho 

bn NTynaercH, nesxy Tdbm xaBi MaprapHTa cxymaerb ch boxh* 

ttlHu BiRMaHievB, roTOiaji san^HH^aTb cboh HnrepecH, eon saMi* 

vn^mwxh rpoBHTib lauiiftraafl onacHOCTB. KoHrpaBTB o^ohb cjio- 

«BL te npexoeraBJiieTB nojorany npaxanaro vb pacnopinseBie 

qn, 1 1Kb xpyrofi hojobhhh yipesxaeirB HeorqysxaeMoe HMyH^ecTBO, 

mm CB lOTopare HpeAoeraBJHDTCJr m otfmee nojnsoBaHie, uokl 

tin fuonesfb, ^to6u eyMxa kb xB^naxi^tTB thchtb ^^panxoBi 6HJia 

Wwnuiem sent eaeroxno na m Tyajen. 3HaiieBHi!Bfi Bm- 

ps, nopeicb aron) chef-d'oeuvre, kb Bocropr^ wo 9o6omej%* 

pmo eraparo xpyn JtfiBWBa. 

Bi idpJD D^n*janieBO xBoro-HHoro xochtb ^ojiob^kb. Ifepi — By^ 

Zma. Ob!b npHHHiraeFB cepBtaHHt bhxi, wro6u npoiHravB bo* 
sasi TOABO 8aBpuBae» BHHry, nxh cnftniRTB enoBa npe* 
Bib cBtecsaro ^ejOBina, fobophtb BomunveHTH xanavB h 

wwum nq)o CBHX'&Tevam, vh ^merk botc^htb HazoxHTCA xBa 

oxBH% KKEMcsfth H oxHVB reRepajTB. MaprapHTa HponaHecia 

.xa", roieeoMi HOMHoro rpomcnvB, ch cepBSsHinnB jiHi^omt 

^TO SBaefFB aaBOBH. Bc4b npncyTCTByDnqe xepsan cetffl ci^ 

XOerOHHCTBOMrB, TOYHO COxUtCTByDrB CBOHMX HpHCyTCTBieMS 

>WD MffpntA cx^JBB, on Boropoft naxnerB mjuioHaMH. Sas» 

m cynpyroFB ocTaBjiflerB TiiCH'vy uhtbcotb (|>paHBOBi X^h <^* 

a Be^epom y Jlfiwmi HasHmwHi otid^xi, na BOTopHft npHrjia- 

CBixireiH; oxhvb mncrpi ne Mosen npi&cBTB^ vh BenBOft 

oteHXb emeAcm. Korxa Sdjib yteaaen ^lOMoi, eiiy hosbo- 

^DIB Bfl^ijOBaTB' Vh JO&h CBOD SOHy. 

Ton L— flHiAPii 1876. 21 




Digitized by VjOOQIC 



322 MOTHn% 1BP0H&. 

Bpasoco^eraHie npoHCxoAim vb nfi^mn Marxajmni. 3a vpH xhh 
nepeA'B t^itb, ffiDn h ero OTei^^ jcxoBjnnisanea bi> i^irt ci xyzo- 
BeHCTBOH's. Ohh nosaiajni bosmosho pocRonraoft otfcTaHOBRH, ho Top- 
roBaracB sa BCjnsyi) eraTLi) paezoxa: ctoabo-to onpe;(^eHo sa o6ixHi>, 

CTOJIBRO-TO sa FJiaBEHft npeCTOJl, CTOJBKO-TO 8a OprJUCB, CTOABO-TO 

sa BOBpH. YcjiOBHjniCB, ^To BOBpu 6YXJTb noBpHBaTB Bcb XBamaTB 
eryneHeft nrapoRaro Kpnjn»i^a h nfifLXfrh xo TpoTTjapa. PinreHo Tasse, 
qro opraffB 6yxeTB npHB'bTCTBOBaTB TpiyMcl^ajiBHinrB irapmeiFB nojiaie- 
Hie CBaxe6Haro sopTesa. 3to ct6ht:b jirniHHX'B umhfifiCBTb ^paHKOBi, 
HO sa TO 9<|^<f)eBTH0. PasociaHO xb% thcaiih npHnanreHift. Eorxa Ka- 
poTH HO'i^BsaHi npHtfjHsaDTCfl vh npaBHjBHOiTB nopaAS'b) i^ejooBB yace 
nojraa Hapoxa: ujmmiBH. bo (|)paKarB h senoQiHH vh Barasojribnr [ 
mm'h TyajiOTaxi. Kobotctbo coBepmHjio ^xo, h MaprapHra ho^th He- : 
XTpna BTB 6^oirB Byaji h wh b^hb^ hvb noHepani^BHX'B hjAtovb. 
SiDjLh npeHcnoJiHaeTca cosHanieirB CBoefi BasHOCTH, brxa, ^tooh% no- j 
TpeBosHjTB CTOJIBBO Hapoxj; dTO ero sepBiifi nj6imimrik ycni^'B. Mesxy 
T^iTB, opraffB ryxHTTB, n^B^e rpeiiflrB, tohho iri^xHini Tpyte, n^pe- \ 
MOHiJi xxHTCfl 6ojiie XByx'B TOCOBX. SpixEJOfi BeiHBOjAnHoe. Ho o6a j 
cynpyra, xase vb toti^ MOMeHTB, saai CBHnteHHHBi MarxajOHH dia- i 
rocjiOBiflerB hx^b, hh^ofo ho ^BCTByDTB, Bpoirib TH^eCdiaBHaro Topace- 
CTBa, TOO sa CHHHoft y hhx'b co6pajrcfl bocb IlapHxi h rjuxHrrb Ha 
HHTB. 3ai4]rB, b% phshhi^^ nponcxoxHra desBOBe^naa npoi^eccui: ana- 
BOMHe, rocTH H xase HesHaBOMse BxoxirrB vb oxhj xBepB h BiixoxxrB 
^epes^B xpyryD, nosavB pysH MOJOxmrB ■ hx'b poxcTBeHHHsairB. dra 
^mpnaiBHOCTB xxHTCJi DOJTropa ^aca. Bi ^HCii rocTOft iraoro nojot- 
TH^ecBHTB jsfbsreieA^ axBOsaTOBi^ ctpah^ihx'b, BpynHuxfB npomoueH- j 
HHBOBi, apTHCTOBi, sypHajracTOBi, H ffinjB eoo6arao paxymo mmerrh \ 
pyBy HOBHCOBOify vojoxoMy ^ejOBisy, soroparo Heiraoro snaei-B ■ bo- | 
TopBift HHHieirB Vb oxHOiTB H9B (ynsapHHXs jfflOTBOBrB, rx'6, tiUTb MO- I 

SeVB, nOXiCTHTB SaM^TBy CJMMJ>&b. I 

Tasi BBKB HH y BoHTpaHOBi, HE y Jifimmi nibr^ Taaofi 6ojamot I 
sajDi, TOo6a ycTpoHTB vt nek o6ftxi^, to c6iKb h TaHipi yerpaHBaDres I 
Vb jiyBpcBOicB orejii. 9to hphhhto B!b BHcmeft 6ypxya8iH. CsmMj^^ \ 
npasxByercfl B!b orexi. Ebjtb vb TBHi^oBaAHofi saxi otoja otoh& na- I 
paxeni. 3aTta^ vb nojrao^ BapoTa yBOSKPB voxowTb vb Amcrep- | 
XMCByD jJWBji OBH niyrffTB bcd xopory, BariiCB ho leiiBOify IlapHxy | 
H cjAxh Vb OBsa Bapeni sa aegcBHini TtoorH, 6jysxft»nQnai Ha oe- I 
poBpecTBaTB... 

BoTB yse xaa roxa, too BompaHH sesaTii. Ohh ho HOCoopHjnn^ 
HO Vb TOTOHiH xoJUTHxrB iri^csufivb 8a(hiBaiiTrB cyn^BCTBOBaHiH xpynb ^ 
xpyra. Sorxa Xjojoo npHxen B!BrojOBy coAthcb cb sraoft, okb yxaav- 
BaerB sa neft vb to^hih nex^bjra; ho ^an^e Bcero, too($h c6eipen vpevM, ko- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHiBA. — ^niPixGKu ni€uii. 823 

Topoe xifl Hero xoporo, owb o6paiiiaeTC£ wh ^^pyrnirE seH^HHaM'B. 7 Hero 
CTOiBio xtjTBl OffB He xoBOJiBCTByeTCfl CBOoft BOHTopofi, HO yqacTByeTb BO 
MHorHxi ofin^ecTBax'B h xase Hrpaerb na 6Hpst. Hto6h nouepsaTB CBoe 
xoeroHHCTBo, ohi BMji ce6i jn)6oBRRi^y, soTopoft HexaBHo HOXHeci 
BeiHBO^nHiie ^pHJurianro. y^oBOJiBCTBie ero asHSHH sasjno^aeTCA wh 
ion, vro6H saHHvaTB co6od IlapHaBi; iiajieHBKie xhctku npHOHCUBaDTB 
eiiy KajiaM6yp£i, h xase OAHRrb sypnaiHCTB hsi ero npucTejieft pascsa^ 
sajB HCTopiD 6pHJMiaHTax'b, nane^aTaBx tojbko sarjiaBHiia 6yKBEi 
mevh. Bnpo^eM'E, owb ne 6BerB sem h ne npHxyMaji en^e cpex- 
CTBa, He BSHpafl na cob^th oTaa, saBjiaA'&TB mecTBH)-CTaMn TucA^aMH 
HeorqyxAaeiraro no BOHTpaBTy BanHrajia sens. Ho owb ne TepaeirB 

HaxeSAU EI306p'&CTH TBROe CpeACTBO. 

Ob CBoefi CTopoHU, Maprapara cTajia npejiecTHofi sennpiHoft. Mojo- 
x»a A^ByniBa cxepsajia to, vt6 otft^ajra, ona cxtjiaja h8% otojui wb 
AMcrepxaMCBoft jimn'b i^OHTpi pocBomn h 6oHTOHa. Bca 6e8yMHaA 
pacToqHTejiBHocTB napHsa, Tiies^Hue Tyaoreni, BOTopHe HcrpeajiflTCJBt aa 
oxHHi Be^epi, THomiie tfEjerii, BoropiniH BasnraDrB cb^^h — Bce 
8it) osapaerB ero CBOHifB (joceoitb. Ob yrpa xo se^epa dBnnasH uoxb- 
isMBxyrb vb ero BpiMBi^y, a no hhuitb Ho^am bocb BsapTaji xo sapH 
cimiiHrB OTxajeHHyD Mysincy, cjiHBaDni^yncji co cm^xoitb TaHi^ynniHX'B. 
Maprapsra ciaen cbohmx 6e8o6pa8ieH'B. Ona juievb HpaBHTBca 6ojiBHie, 
Hwh xopomeHBBiH iseH^HHu. Ona JiyHme, ^.iwb BpacaBH]](a, roBopvrB 
ona caHa, cm^cb. MnjijrioffB xb^cth t&catb ea npHxanaro rop^TB, 
UTB norbmHuft ofohb. Ona pasopHjia 6u CBoero irysa paHBnre roxa, 
eenfiLi He 6iMa Heo6HBHOBeHHO yMHa. Bcim HBBitoTHO, ^to ona pac- 
noiaraerB Bcero oraniB tuca^bi) (|>paHBa][R vb H^cjan^'B na CBOft Tya- 
len, HO HH y Boro Bivh nacroAEO fiesxaBTHocTH, ^to6ei y;(HBjuiTBCA 
Tovy, TTO OHa HSxepaHBaen vh oxhctb vbamib to, Tr6 noJiy^aoTi sa 
^knA rox>. Sdjib vb Bocroprb; HHBasaA mpjvsla sennpiBa ne nocTa- 
Bua 6h ero xoitb na TaByD Hory, h owb eft HCspeHHo 6jiaroxapeH% aa 
Bee, ^it6 oHa x^ften Axa Toro, mo6u pacnrapHTB Bpyra vrb CBisrBeft. 
B& BacTOtfn^yD MHHyry MaprapHTa BiiBaBUBaem xotophdk) h^hoctb 
n OAHOKj H8i cenaropoBfB, (iibhihsb CBHA^TOJiflMH y nett Ha CBaxB6& 
Oia xo8BOJuerB i^OBaTB cboh njie^H m> TenHizzi yrouaxib, ■ npsHH- 
vaen te&BOBae 6HjeTii vb 6oH6oHBepBaz'B. 



21* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



324 noTHm nwau. 



jr. 



Jljmi BoxdVB yse Tpnxuvih rbrh n xB^ernoin. 3to Bueoiafl 
oco6a, He KpacHBU h He 6eao6pa8HM, ch djocbhw^ xBHom^ yrpent- 
TinrB OTB npoj^aissTennaro x^BerBS. Ona xoib xaio^Horo ToproBQA 
vh yjHi^t CeHi^Sas'B, yse jrkTb xBajmaTK Toprynn^aro bi Tenoft 
jraB'iOHKik H OTJiosHBDiaro bi^ cropoHy Bcero xaiHrE-HHtfyjiB thciu 
j^eejTB ^aHBOB^ xa h to djaroxapfl caMofi erporofi ((epesJHBocTH: 
eMy npHxoAHjocb icTb roBJiXHHy Bcero xaa pasa vb nextJD, hochtl 
oxHO H TO se njian»e no xna roxa cpjixy, ne c^HTax dBOHOidH sa otod- 
jeHie. 7se xBamaTb jiivb jsavb JlyHsa B08eftxaeT% bx^cb sa opHjan- 
Bon H cosepi^aerL, Basi 4^aBpii o6xai)T% rp^sbi) nftmexoxoBB. ^ 
pa3a Fb ausHH OHa6HBajia8aropoxoirB; bi QepBHftpaBi—Bx BeBoeHsi, 
a BO BTopoft — Vh CeHi-A^HH. Korxa ona eTaneri he nopopb XBopH, to 

BHXHTb Ha B0H1](% JJE^U M0CT*b, HOX^ BOTOpHlTb T6^eT% p&UL. BopO- 

^eifB, OHa oco6a 6juropa8y]iHaa, nponiBHyTa Tij6&KBWb no^resieiii 
Bib rpomoBOMy TOBapy, BOTopiifi npoxaerb neiBOify jDxy BBapraia 
MaTb OTxaia-*<Siuo ee vh Hotfoibmofi naHcioHi ho oocixcTsy; ho bbaib 
orryxa, saKb tqjbbo flBHJiaeb BOSMOSHocTb saiiiHHTb Jynaot epi- 
Bsmvnj. JyHBa juiffPh ^nraTb h sHcaTb, ho na oco6eHHO CHJibHa m> 
opoorpa^in; Bcero ace Taepse BaaeTtb ona ^enipe npaBHja apHenemEB. 
Ona xocTaTO^HO yqeaa, hto6h sraHMarbCfl ToproBieft, — BaflBuen obb 
cava cBOHiTB creneHRHirb rojiocoicb. 

Mesxy T^ic^ orem ea TopsecTBOHHO o&hUBWPh^ hto xaen sa xo- 
^epbD Avb THca^H ((>paHB(»% npHxanaro. 9to o6ftniaHie pacnpoerpaHi- 
jiocb Kb BBapTaji; wci BnaDTb, hto m m-lle Boxavb xaDn xBi tb- 
tsm ij^HBOB'b npHxanaro, nodToiiy wb sKeEHzaxi ne 6ajio nexocrawL 
Ho JyHsa x^Bynna ocroposHaii, ona enoBOflno o6%jiB9Ja, hto hb sa 
TFO He BHftxerb Baxjweh sa roMBa. BdkXb seHflTOff jooxh ne saTin, 
^rro6ii cHx^Tb cjosa pyna h rjumteb xpyrb na xpyra- Moryrb Botn 
X^th; xa h n crapocTH He zyxo npHnaora ee6t o6e8He^eB8iit aycoBS 
zmMa. noBTMy ona Tpe6yeTb, ?To6ii b y xeHua 6hjio no Bpaftert 
vbpi XBt Tuera <|^paHB0B^ Bannrajia; aro eocTaairb Bviefrt cb efl 
npHxaHinrb ^oTiipe thch^h. h mu% mosho fiyxerb BaBears BaByp-HH- 
6yxb jiBBOwy H ^ecTHo 8apa6oTHBaTb CBOft xj'&tfrb. Ho ocjh seHHXHCb 
BanHTajowb vh xbA thch^h ^paHBOBi ne pixBH, to qan^e Bcero ohe 
MOHTaDTi HOBicTi, BOTopBH 6nja 6u BXBoe H BTpoe 6ora^e vx'h 
canHxi. BoTTb noHeny JyHsa pHCByoTi ocTaTbca CTapofi x^ymBOfl. Ona 
nporoHHja mejonaeB^b, BOTopue yxasHB&iH sa neft toabo saT&rb, hto6h 
npoByTHTb ea npHxanoe. Ona corjacna, Tro6ii na neft seHHjracb Hsrb-sa 
j^enerb, TasL Bavb xeHbni vh cyi^Hocni Bce m> shbhh; ho toxbbo se- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



< xpoHiKi.— niPiaECKiii niOBMA. 325 

uffFh HaiTH Tasoro Mjsa, KOTopiift ciojbko axe, jceommlo h osa, ysa- 
san 6u xrasrH, lOTopHft 6u Hcsaxb xenerb He sa Tiarb, Tro6ii pac- 
ipaTHTb HTE, flo npHpan^aTB h nycKaTB bi^ xoproBiie o6opoTU. 

BoTB, HaBOHei^ BoxdWb npocjramaia npo oxhoto oqens npHJH^Haro 
lOiOAOFO ^eioBibBa, ^acoBii^iisa no peHecjy, BecBiia coiHwaro najiaro. 
OffB SHBen no coc^xcTBy c% MaT^Bi), nojiyqaDii^eft He6ojBii[7R) penry. 
H-me Hene CBoaHja, 6jiaroxaps ^yxecavb dKOHoiriH, He6ojiiiiiyR) cyMHy, 
fTo6H o^jrer^oiTB seHHTB6y CHHa. AjOBcaHxp'B MeHbe ro;(OirE Mojose 

J[jH3II, O^eHB Sacr&H^HFB H B006ll(e OXOTH^e OCTajICA 6eI XOIOCTAKOirL. 

BoxdHEii y3Hai>Tb, HaaoHei^'B, h cyHiry e6epe«eHift m-me M^HBe. 9to co- 
craBXflerB noiropu TuesqH <|^paHsovB. Ho JlyHsa, sorxa eft coo6ii^tDrB 
a&b 9Towb, KaTeropi^ecKH SBMBimrb^ wto 6e3ii0Jie3H0 BecTH a^jo 
j^aiBine; OHa Tpe6yerB xsyxi rucMVb ^paHROBi; aei ea pase^eni ocho- 
BtHu Ha 9Tofi cpmi. OxHaao cHomeniji MesAy wyMH ceHeftCTBaMH yse 
saBflsajracB; mme M^HBe cana sejiaerB, hto6u cumj y^ajiocB cx^aTB 
nsyi) DpAjraHHyi) napTiS), h, ysnaKB o toitb, EaicyD cyxMy Tpe6yen 
JlyHsa, OHa oxo^^pflerB 6jiaropa8yHHoe p^meme Mojoxofi x^BynniH h 
oMn^aerPB dohojibhtb cymiy b^b noorropa roxa. Orusai Bce yjiasrao. 
061 ceMBH c6mmB,J0tca o^eHB t^cho. ^Ith, AjrescaHxpB h jlynsa, 
cnoKoftHo mj^yvb^ xpysecKH nosHMa^ npH Bcrpi^axi xpyi^ xpyry pyxH. 
Kas^Hft Be^iepi o6a ceMO&CTBa cxoxATCff, n AjieKeanxpi cb JlyHSoft 
aiOBoftHO sacbxanrB y croia vh saxnefi qacTH jiaBSH, h 6e8i Bcjnaro 
orfflieflLfl tixB BOJraeHLer pasroBapHBaDTS o x^axi BBapraia, 061 yxa^- 
mn ofiopo^rax'B oxHHxib, xypHoirB noBexeniB hjh neyxart xpyrnx'B. 
B% nojnopa roxa ohh He o6]ioj[bbjihcb hh oxHmrB cjobomi jid6bh. 
Jfym HaxoxvTB AjtescaHxpa o^eHB ^octhhitb, ho h^cbojibbo cjiafio- 
zapasrepHiiirB, norovy wi^ cjumajia, sarB ohb oxBaaxu cosHataica, 
TTo y Hero ne xBaTHTB xyxa norpetioBaTB y TOBapnn^a xbcath ((»paH- 
lOBt, MTopiM OffB OMy ffiUFb Bda&Mu, TpH iT&Cfli^a Hasaxib. AjieBcanxp^ 
<ife«Bjji6TB, ^To JlyHsa posxena ma ToproBju, ^t6 b!b ero ycTaxi 
tioiBiioft HOMOjrHHeHn. 

Rb HasHaTOHHUft xeHB, TO^HO vb cpoKB yuaTii no BeBceiD, m-me 
Mbbo BHBJtaxHBaerB xvb TiiejiYH. (j^panBOVB. I^tjurB nonopa roxa 
<mi He HRjia bo^ h SBOHOMHR^aja na nwmi, ocBin^eniH h OTonJiemH. 
Hoert 9Toro CBax^a HasHaqena ^epesi TpH Md^aa, ^to6u xaTB Bpeacs 
sMBHxy CB HeB^CToft npHroTOBRTBCA n Heft. Pimeno, ?to AieacaHXpi 
<mpoerB ^acoBoft iraiyidHffB Vh jxko^ GevB-%aB%, naHHBi tfuBOiyD 
<WHiqiy» jraBBy oxffoft toprosKH, x^a Boropoft ne nonum. BnpowvB, 
Bdb yiy^nHOHlH orpaHsqHBaDTCa t^itb, tfo dotojiob^ notfijHJiH, a o6oh 
nox^Hcrura, taB% MWb uuaph npocHJn XBiora ((»paHBOBib, Tro6u or- 
jAutb jiaBBy sa-noBo. ?ro BacaettH TOtapa, to ovb nepnoHa^ajBHa 
fjWTh cocTOHTB ffiTB HicBoaBBtt'B eauiceB Hpoemx^B BOJOTHx^ yspa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



326 inoiHm npo&H. » 

meiiifi H nicEOMLMMTb criasurh weoffb, xyueflHHn bo ci;ui>. 
AjLeKCSLExph safiMercji BHauji no^uuoft ^aoevb vb Ksapraii; a 
TEMi yate, sorAa hiu HX'b noiyqHTi HSBi^cnocTB ■ Hm yjntercH 
zopomo nofiecTH CBoe a^m, ohh ycrpoArb ce&b BpacHBufi h 6ora- 
Tufi iiaraaHffB. 3a BmeTom B&hvb pacxoxoao^ Korxa juiBia opH- 
Bexeea bi> nopjixoKb, HsxepssH nq^enftnieHifl ynjcaHeHU, HicbocTaerca 

Xpn TUCAHH ^paHKORb^ Cb SOTOpUMH HlTb MOXHO (yAeXTB eTOpOSHTb 

BuroAHUfl nOBynKH. Bci dXH uonoru HanojnuiDTb EVb Bpeiu xo ca- 
Mofi CBaxi>6ii. 

EoFAa saroBopiuH o soHTpas'ribf JyHsa nosaja ueuMH, a Aie- 
BcaHApib yju6Hyjicfl. KoHTpaBri CTdBTb no spaftHeft M^pi xb^^cth ^pan- 
BOBi. Ohh Bce tfyxyTi a^btb no-poBHy, uuymfiCTBO y HHxtb Bce 6y- 
xen o6ii^ee — aro ropasxo npomie; ki TOHy se, ohh HaHipeHu nocry- 
naTB Ao6pocoBtcTHO xpyn ci xpyroiTB. AjieKcaHj(pi, spoiii soiororo 
o6pyqaii>Baro HOJlI»^a, i^inoD vb nin*HaMaT& (|>paHBOB:B, nowpu^ 
JlyHai sojoryD i^ino^By xjih qacoBi h TypeAByK) man. CBaAi>6y na- 
SHa^eno ornpasAHosaTB vb pecTopani oxHoro h8i ropoAduixi npex* 
MiCTifi, Bi» CoHi^MaHA^, nox'b BHBtCROD Ponter fleuri. npH^m 60- 
AdHH o&bKBJistyrb^ hto 6epyn Ha ce6H hsx^sbh CBaxetfnaro onpa. 

CBaAB6a HasBaneHa vb cy66oTy, noTOMy ^to TasHMi o6pa8on mosho 
6yxerrb OTAUxaTB Bce BocspeceHBe. Ha csaxb^ft Ha6pajiocb ceMB aa- 
pern, HaHflTUxi Ha i^ixiifi xohb. AjeaeaHxpi BaaasajTB C66i nepHue 
naHTajoHU h cDpTysi. JlyHsa caiia cmHJia CBoe 6tjoe njiaTBe; a o^aa 
H8!B en TftTon noxapHja eft BiH0B7> hsi noMepau^eBurB i^bj^tobi. Bd 
npHFjameHHue, vb ^lhcji^ ABa^aTH neiOBiKB, npHHapaxHjracB; AaxB 
oxbrn Vb apBHrB niaTBaz^ rojiy6uxi, saieraix'B, seJTUxrB; Mys^HBH 
wb cDpxyaax'B; oahvb JiH6epaju>Hui npoxaaeiiti, yAajnaniiftoa on xktt^ 
o6ja^HjeA xase bo 4>paKB. Ho BHHMaHie npoxosHxrB oco^ohho npHaie- 
xaDTi noApyssH neBlcTu, Mfii bhcoshxi, d^oaypiix'B x^Bymui b^ 
6^bj«xi KRceftHHX!B HiaTBaxi, cb mHpoxHiiH BpacHHMH symaEaiou 
CBaA66H£ifl noisx'B TporaercH ci MibcTa vb aobhtb ^acoBi yrpa h or- 
HpaBjjaerea wb Mdpii), vxb no^sane BToprax>TCA b% CBaxefiHyR) «Liy. 
Mdpi sacraBJUieirB ee6ji smtb TpH-^erBoprH ^aca. Owb — toictjhcb, c^ 
CKyqanmiefi 4^HsioRoneft — OT6apa6aQHBaen cravBH KOAefica, ((esnpe- 
CTaHHo noTJuiM^jmji na criHHiie nacu, BHcanqe HanpoTHKB Hero; y 
Hero, AOiasHo 6htb, HasBaqeso A&iOBoe CBHAanie. M-me BoxdH'B h m-me 
MSHBe MHoro ua^yTB. Mo^ioxBie npoHdBOCjm ^j^a'' ci BftisJiHBinrB ho- 
uoHOMi r. M^y. Bi 9to Bpeiifl oTcraBHoA ^poxaBe^'B iie6eiH hosbo- 
lABTb cetift myxKH, sacraBiHiynuH sys^HB^B XHXBKarB. Axeica^xp^ a 
JlyHsa, aasAHft cb CBoett cropoHH, hphfotouuh HHTR-^paHBOByD ho* 
Hery, BOTepyx> h onyeBann wb Bpysay m^a 61iAEuxb. Iloert droro oo- 
juuune pascamHBaPTCii ho saperaifB h iuiyn bx i^opbobb. HasaHyHi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHSKi. — flAFHXOKU BHCUA. 827 

m-De BoM^wh s AjescaHApi npiiiBsaiH yciOBJHBaTBCA na c^en o($pflxa 
itnama. Ohh nosejaiH npoeriftineft i^epexoHiH, noxoiiy hto He ^yB- 
cnjvrb ME MBjAtaiATo acejiftmii iiaiiHBaTB sapiiaHH nonairb. H juBose 
SoxdHi, 67x7^8 cBo6<»AHHii^ MHCjniTejeii^ m xot^^xb bobgo i^epKOB- 
Bsro 6paBa h eejiH ycTyiraxB, to pa^H npHjraHui, ?to6u na hhx'b He 
BOKMHBajH naju^aiiH btb saaprai^ DaTep^b shbo xaTaeT'B neecy. 
npHcyTCTByDipe BcraDTb h CHOsa caj^HTca so snaxy XB^^na. Tonxo 

y zeHI^HHl eCTB XOJniTBeHHHKH, BOTOpHXl OHi, BOpO^eiTB, He HHTaD'TB. 

Haioxue eep&SaHU, ho csy^HU h paseijiHHH, to^ho xyMa^Ti o xpyroirB. 

Ho IHZOAi H8% I^PRBH BC& B9AHXai>TB &b otfjIW^emeiTB. KOHHOHO, 

CttBa Bory! TeoepB mosho h noeiri^JiTBea! IIpaBO, vb drofi i^epRBH 

lOSHO 61UO SaXOXHyTBCH. 

Bi XBa ^aca nonojyxHH sapeTu hphboshtb notosaHi wl GeffB- 
yUMB^h. O&hx^ HaanaieBib wb mecTB ^acoBi. ?to6h y6vrB BpeMH, ot- 
HpaunyrcH nb BeHceHcsifi jrbci, h Bib xe^eHiH TpextB ^acoBi ryjaDTB 
noxB xepoBBJiiuL noxpysKH 6irBM>Th^ Kaxi a^b^ohkh; xanu Hn^yro 
tIhi, a Mys^HHH saKypnBaDTi CHrapii. Tasi mb'b bc& notesane ci 
lOFB c6hth ot% yerajocTH, to Bcsop']^ Bce otfm^ecTBO pascasHBaeTca 
la OAHOft oporaaHH^ h npHCJiyrnHBaercH vb posBy coeixHeft Bpft- 
BOCTH, b;b eBHCTsaiTB HpoissaDmHX'B jioEOMOTHBOBi, oTxaJOHHOMy ryjy 
napHza, BHAB§B)n(aFOC£ na ropHSOHT^. BpeMa jothtb HeaaiiiTHO. ^aBHO 

JSe Bet dTH JiaBO^HHSH OTOJtBBO HO dC^HJUrCB. 

Mesxy Tiiii> HacrynaerB ^aiTB o6'&xa, h bc§ BOSBpan^uorcA b'b pe- 
CTopasB. Ctoii HaspfiirB rb tfounrofl saji^, ocBio^HHofi Mficarhn ra- 
sonora posKaMH, usi kb lo^fiH^; na XByxi soHniaz'B CTOja Bpa- 
tpmta xBa 6yBeTa HCKyccroeHHHX'B i^b^^tobi, HOJHHaBHiHxi ot^ yoo- 
TpedieHifl. 06^X1 hpoxoahti Becejo cpew CTysa bhjok'b h Hoseft^ 
■yroRB, pasroBopoffB. CaMufi BeeejHt MOneHTi Tonb, Borxa owwb 
lOiioAOft ^eJOBiiKB, npHBas^HBi^ H3% MarasHHa hoahhxi TOBapoRB, dox* 
jiaaerB hoiA'b ctoji, hto6u pasBAsaTB noABii8By y mojioao&, Boropyix 

OOTOITB MySHHHH paSp^DTl HB HBCTH H ySpanaDrB ea OTpHBB^XH 

CBOH nerjHi^ti. JlyHsa seiaia, %to6u ee ynojiHXH ot% dToi myrsH, ho 
mi^ xajTB efi noHjrrB, ^to ona OMpa^nn dTHiTB Bceo6niee Beceue, h 
Ch o6mHinrB sxpaBHicB cmucioitb ohb no^^fflHHJracB otfii^ai). Ajie- 
KcaHxpB CM^tercjBt o^eHB rpoMBO H BecejiHTCJi OTb xymH, KaBi ^ejo- 
rtn, KOTopoHy ne qacro npHxoxHTca nnpoBaTB. IIo noBOAy hoxbhsbh 
HawBaDTCH HicKOJiBBO pHCROBaHHUfl myTOHBH. 06'6a^ BOHqaercH cpexH 

BSpilBOFB CMlxa, BaSHBaeifllXfB XByCMHCJeHHUMH BUXOABBMH. EOFAB BO* 

Topaa-HHtfyxB OBaseTca htb pyBi bohb cm^oA, abmh cbphbbdtb ihi^o 
vb cai4)eTsy, hto(Sii CMiBTBCA 6esi> CTicHeHia. 

ffiWTh ^acoBi Be^epa. FapcoHii pecTopana npocan rocTeft nepeflTH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



328 MGTHni npoim. 

Ha KHHyry vh coei^t ueifoihrnok cajom. Bi^ ato Bpeica ohh sbbo 
y6Hpa»irB ctojtb, h 6omnu crojOBaji npeBpan^aercji vh Taoi^raansHt 
aajPB. Xb'& CBpEnsH, icopHeirE-a-nHeTOH^ BxapHeTi h xoHTp6acB Hort- 
jBfixncH Ha dCTpaxi. Ha^HHaercH <(aj%. Ujmns nojffjw&vh^ h m 
KpacHHe KymaKH bcx> ho^e nopxaon es oahoto soHita sajni xo xpy- 
roro MesAT ^epHHn ci>pTyBaMH. B% saxi otohb sapso; xaiai onpH- 
nnxm okho, tfo6£i BnyerHTB cvbsift Boaxyxi. PasBocan hoxhocb ei 
CMopo;(HHHum CHponoiTE. OsojTO xByx's iacoB% ho^h HH^frb soJoxyD, 
HO ona Hc^3jia: BepnyjiacB »h IlapHSb BH^crri^ c% MaTepBD h nymen. 
Eoj^Hi ocTajiCfl iipeji^eTaBHTejieM'B eeMBH, n CTapaercfl nouepsaTs 
BecejocTL rocreft. Haxo, ^npo6ii ranipi xjihjhcb xo yrpa... 

H asHByTi MOJOAue noroirb o^eHB c^acTjniBo. Ei xoBepmeHiD yxa^ra 
y HHXi H%TB xi^Teft; x^th 6iuh6ii hitb nomixoft. ToproBiA Hxi npo* 
i^TaerB, xajieHBBaA jaBxa pacnrapaereji, bhtphhh HaiiojHiiDTCJi ^acaici 
H sojOTUMH yspanieHuiMH. JyRsa box^t^b bocb xoitb, xasi o6pa3^0Baa xo- 
sflSsa. Ona b6Cb x^hb npoBOXHTi sa npHxaiiEOirB, yjni6aflCB nocynaTaiB- 
HRi^avB, BEixaBafl sa caMUfl MOXHHii— 6pon[SH h cepBrH ycTaptxaro ^atoHE. 
Be^epoMi ci nepoirB sa yxoM'B ona npoB'ibpaerB c^erii, npHPOTOBJiiNTi 
aasasu. 3a?acTyR) xftse ona npOBOXHTB bocb xohb, pitcEaji no n^iHsy, 
^To6£i noTopooHTB pa6o«nn'B. Bta en shshb HanojnieRa ToproBionr sa* 
6oTaMH. ICeHii^HHa yMopia b*b neft h ycrynHia ntcro x&rrejiBHOMy h 
XHTpoHy npHBas^Hsy, 6e8i^ nojia, Heenocotfnaro vh ysje'ieHiD, oxepsH- 
iiaro oxHoft idie fixe: yxajHTBCA co BpoHeneirB on ffkJFb^ HasHBi oen- 
BOCOMB TueflHi^ ^paHBOKB x^^xoxa, KOTopiui OHH cTanyn nposHBtrs 
Vh CDpoHRi, B'B MaieHBBOt BHJuri, BucTpoeHHoft Ha MaHepi HiBel^ap- 
CKaro Hiaj6. H AjrescaHxpi desycxoBHo, cAm xoB^p^en aeni. Ga» 
owh BaHHMaeTM toxbbo ^acoBiiMi x^^mi, no^HHKOt ^lacoRB Kapnaa- 

HHXl H CrtHHUXfB; H MOSHO HOXynaTB, TTO BOCB XOMl HX*B He ^TO HHOe 

xaffB (SoAinie qacii, soropHO ohh aaBon pass naacerxa. HHiorxa 
OHH HO ysH&Dn: jnofiBJiH jni ohh xpyr^ XPY^^ ^o ohh naBftpHoe 
BHaDiTB, qfo OHH qeCTHHe aceocBe, annse rth nasiBi, h turn njA- 
erb jmmb savtirB, ^rotfn H86ftsaTB xBOttHoro pacxoxt Ha crnpHy npo- 
<fniHB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XP0HIIK4. niPULOKia UHOBMA. 329 



y. 

BaieHTflflTb — BHeoiift XB«waTH-MTH<-jr&THi& iiojOAeoc^, peiiecjmrb 
tftOMspB^ poAHJiOC vk caMovrb i^ratpi GeHirB-AHTyaBCBaro Hpexntcrsji. 
Ero oreqi n a^a*]^ 6iijni eiojiapaiiH. Owh poci cpe^H crpy»6Br&; ao 
xeeffTM jAt^ Hiyajn b% i«[*jh na Tporryapft BacrancBofl njo^axs, 
B«pyr% iDjLOKOft iojohhh. TenepB ooe Honyeirfc wb jjnnifk J[a*PoKem 
H auumfi janyrft, rx^ sa AecarB <|^paBKOFB kb m^ca];^ HaHHHaer^ 
yno jRb naxi^ qnimeft, fb soropoirb noMi^iqaeTCii toako KpoBBHh h cryjrE; 
X» H TO en^e, ^To6ii Bjrt8T& Ha KpoBaTB emy Hysao corHyTBCA kb tph 
DorHtien, mf^u He pa86HTB C66t j6a o&b ootojioki. Orb oepBut oo- 
fftsntercji eaxi CBoeft Hopoft. Evy pftHmrejiBHO hhhoym^b, hto ssap- 
nrpa y Hero ho BHaasecKaji. Oh% rb neft He ipHHHicaeirB rocret, bos- 
upan^aercji xoMoft b^b xecflTB ?acoBi& Be^epa saT^irB^ hto6ii saiaiHTBCA 
cnaTB, H B'B nflTB facoBi yrpa^ 3Hmok) h j^toitb, yse CHOBa Ha Horax'B. 
Ohb roBopHTB, ^To OMy tfuBaerB xoca^HO na cbod sBapTHpy tojibko 
Torxa, Korxa owb CBe^eirB npiJiTHoe SHasoMCTBO, noTOMy hto orb ho 
pimaerca npHrjiamaTB vb ce&k xaiTB. KpoBaTB Tasi naia, ^o baboomi 

Ha Heft HOM^OTHTBCII h1^ HHKaSOfi B08M0SHOCTH. 

Xopognft MaxEift, naarB BaieRniHil Oh'b pa6oTaerB xaK'B boxb, no- 
Tovy ^TO Hoioxi H en^e b^phtb Vh Tpy^'B, h opH dT0M% ne nBAHHi^a, 
He HrpovB, OAHO pa8B%*^6: ciHrnsoMi bj[d6tobi. SS^enmjiEa — boitb 
ero rjaBHEifi noponi. Rorxa jrpovh owh bjuo A^&CTByeirB py6a^oirB, 
TOBapHHpi HOXdrbHBaDTCH na^'B hhitb h KpHwrB, WDO offB Hav&pnoe 
BixiiCH cb MaxeMyaseA JiHsoft. 9to otSnuiCHaercH TivB, ^to o^na mn 
SHaKOMEixi BaieHTHHa HasiiBajraeB JlBsoft, h fb t^ Ahh, Korxa j^^hb 
OBiaAtBajrat BajentHHOirB, owb hv&tb o6i»HOBenie tobophtb: »HopirB 
io6^hI patfora ne jraxHTen, h vn^jioi B^epa ctb JlHSOfil'' B'b Ba6a^- 
nxi npexirbcTBH ero sosyrB ^KpacaBeiT^-CTOJiHpB'. 7 nero 6onmsji 
yXMaa roiOBa, ei KypfaBiiMH BOJiocami, h, Tani^yfl, osb o6iiuoBeHHo 
tacyvHBaerB pysaBa CBoefi 6jiy3H — aha (MijBniaro yAo6cTBa, roBoprrB 

OffB, HO Vb cyi^HOCTH BarilTB, «06£I HOKasaTB CBOH CHJBHHH pyKH^ 
lOVOpiiUI 6%JH8HOft nOCHOpHTB CB SeHCKHHH pysaMH. IIOdTOliy OH'B cja- 
BBlCa CBOHMH UO&bAtMm OVb BCBpySHll rOlOBy CaHHirB BpaCHBIOTB 

xiByntKairB: ^OAmoft HaHi, iiaxeHBBOft Ofh>cthh%, h TOicroft, oaho- 
rjBBoft AxejiH H fifiMB eaMoft Bopxejieri^, 6po^^opoB^EH^%, HSi-sa koto- 
poft xpaucB Ha xyBjra XBoe boohhuxi. KaxAiift neqepx ohb o6xoahtb 
let yBeeejAvejiBHHA saBeAeHin, sarjuHerB Tyxa, CDxa, eAHHCTBeHHO 
mtbrb TOJiBBO, tto^ei norjuA^B, ne bctp^thti jh neBHaBOMHCB eicy 
xoponreHBBHrB A^BO^esB. 

OAHasAK eeiepoirB, BofiA< n Oadh 0Aopu^ yaecejiHTejiBRoe saBO- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



830 mGTBMWh MSBOBSL. 

Aeeie vb yjuiuxb IQapoHHB, owb bhahtx KieiiaHCi, mecTHawaTBjrito- 
HM) i^B%TOHHHi^y, cb npeiecTHUMH 6ijioBypHiiH BOJiocaHH, BOTopue, eiiy 
BasercA, oBpysaDTi ee to^ho cojraeqioiirb ciamewh. Owbcpasj bjod^ 
jaeTC4B[ vb H66 ffi sapisyl Be<^ se^^p^ yxasHBaoTi sa eeft, i^wajen 
Cb Hefl H yron^aen bhhom^b k la franfaise. noToifb obmo oxHHHajwaTS 
wcoKB, Borxa KieiiAHci yzo^Hrb aom ofl, npoBOsaera ee h, HaTypadUbao, 
npocHiTb noBBOjeidfl ocraTBca cb nefi. Ho osa oTBaauBaerb eaorpin. 
Ofla oxoTHO Taeayen Cb Hys^HHaMH na tfaiau,— bo h toiuo, h sa- 
nflpaer^ Asepi y Hero uoA'b Hoeoirb. Ha Apyrot jifiVb owb EBBojum 
cnpaBBH. 7 KienaHci yse 6Hjrb jd6obhhb^, soTopHft 6pocEji ee, wd 
BaiuaTHBx sa xsa bbbpthphux'b cposa. Torjui ona noBiaiacb BiHfecrim 
aio Ha nepBoiTB HysHHfii, soropuft cA^^aen riynocTB ee jioja>6wTh. 
Bb cjiiAys>iqi6 XHH BajeHTHHi m>Amui,wrb ee Ha jMsaifk h n 
o6i^ewadk ^aci» ptmaercfl noftTS noaxopoBaTBCJi c& nefi; BCDAy qw- 
CJi^Ayen ee. 

— CeroAHfl BeiepoiTb bh npHnere MeHfl, hto ih? — CHpantHBaen 

Offb, CM^CB. 

Ho OHa Becejo OTB^^aer^* 

— H^TB, H^TB, HOCJi^ Aoas^Ba Vb HeTBepTBl 

Kasxoe BOCBpeceHBe okb BcrpiHaercA cb Heft vb Cody 0Acpu. Osa 

CHAHTTB TSJTb 06lIBH0BeHH0 BOBJTi OpxeCTpa. Ona OXOTHO NiHHBaen 

BHHO k la franQaise; oxotho Tani^yerB ei^ hhh'b; ho BaKfB tojuso ob& 
xoierrB noi^i^OBaTB ee, xaen eiiy n^eiua, a eciH owb saroBopMrrB cb 
Heft TOifB, BaKo^ cjaBHO OHH aasHiH 6h BMicrt, OTBi^aen eicy 
xjiaAHOKpoBHo, ^TO HaopacHo OHi» HacraHBaera, hto ohb ho xohoitb 9Toro, 
noTOMy HTO 9T0 eft He no xynii- B% Te^enxH mecTH neA^ju ApasHJiTB 
OHH TaBHMi o6pdL30Wb xpy^B Apyra, He nepecraBafl cm^itbca. 

Bb B0flll(£ BTOpOrO MiCfll^a fiaJIOHTHKB CTaHOBHTCA MpaqoffB. Oob 

He CHHTB no HOHaiTB Vb CBoeft Hopi^ noA'B Kpuniefi, owb aaAUxaercs 
bb neft. EorAa oh'b jesHxi b'b neft C!B mnpoBO pacEpHnma rjaaaicK, 
TO BHAHTs nepeA'B co(kA 6ibJ0Eypyi) rojOBsy KieMancB, bojiocu boio- 
poft duDTh^ KaK'B cojiHuo. TyT^ ero na^HHaeTib boiothtb jraxopaAsa, ■ 
ofli AO 6^oft sapH Bopo^aercH, bbbib na ropn^Hxi yrojiBHXi», a Ha 
Apyroft AOHB Bb MacTepesoft hh^po ho K^JiMTb; raaaa ero 6ijmwoTb^ 
HHCTpyiieHTU BaMTCfl Hdi> pyBi. ToaapHoiH spHHaxi eiiy: „xuBHAiica, 
AOubho 6u.Tb^ (TB m-ile Jlnsofi!" YbhI nin, ohx ho bha^ich Cb m-Ue 
J[H3oft, h boti> nonevy a^hb OAOiisaerB ero kb HacTOfln^yn HHHyry, 
TpH pasa owb npHXOABAi bi* KjieManciB h na BOitHflxi* yaoAAJTB HOUh 
^HTB ero, HO ona saAaAHia oaho: uirb^ aa h£ti, h oh^b aiaBajTB, bekb 
Aypas^, Ha yjini^t. Oh'b yace co6HpaeTCfl hath A6ib nepoA^ en XBC^fUO 
na nion^aAB^, noxony ^to any BasexcA, hto eiiy cxaHerB jer^e, ecu 
cii:B ycjHHiHVB efi AerEoe A^ixanie cbbosb mfijon Aoepeft. CrpaerB bs 



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XPOHHKii.— DIPHSCRIA IIHCBMi. 381 

dTofi Maj^iBsofi jc&BOHKi, BOTopoft owh 6h jiePEO CBepByai mei) abjua 
nai&i^aiiH, 'jsmaerb ero csa h aaneTaTa. 

Hasonei^'B, fb oxHirb npeKpacHufi Beiepi OBfb m^&i!% ki> KieMancs 
I npexjaraerB eft bu^th sa nero saiiyaBi. Tasi AOumenpojiojsaTBca 
Be M0S6TX, 0H% nponax^Ti otb tocbh, oh'b ne HOserrB asHTB 6e3i nea. 
H^TOHHHi^y npejuoaeme ero saxBaTiiBaerB vb pacnjox'B. Oea Hflsorxa 
061 dTOMtB He xjMaja, • ho ohohb csopo xaen csoe corjacie. Eose 
BOfi! ona caiia jiHSin ero bcj^itb cep;(ueM%, ho b§xb ona MHoro ciobi 
jze npojiHja, Bor^a npeasHifi ee 6pocnjrB. A Kas'B CKopo x^o hj^oitb 

TOH^ HT06u COeXHHHTBCH Ha BCD aSHSHB, TO y HOft H^ITB HpHHHffB 
OTKaSUBaTBCJi. 

Ha Apyrofi AOHB ohh ornpaBJHDTCJi vh MdpiD sa cnpaBxaMH. MeA- 
leHHOCTL npoi^exypu CMyn^aei^ ex%. KieifaHCB ho sHaen, vMfb naftTH 
aim cjiepTH OTiia, BajienTHHi 6traeTi hs^ oxHoro noiHi^eicEaro 
6Dpo B^ Apyroe, bi noHcsaxi sa AOByMeHToirB» eBHAtraiBCTByDn^Hirb 

Q&h ero yBOAHOHiH OTB BOHHCSOfi nOBHHHOCTH. OHH BHAHTCfl TOHOpB 

esexHeBHO, ryjunorB BM^cri, noc&n^aDrb yBOcejiHTejiBHUH M&^Ta sa ro- 
poAOMi. Be^epon, BOSBpan^aflCB baoib a-ihhhhxi yjHi^% npeAMicTBA, 

OHH HHHerO H6 TOBOpHITB, a TOJIBKO THZO nOSHMaDITB Apy^B APyi? 

PfSH. CepAi^e Hxi» najTHO paAOCTH, soropoft ohh ho yiAvm BMcsa- 
3iTB. KieiiaHCi cnijia pasi BajOHTHHy pOMancB, b'b kotopomi» roBopn- 
lOCB ijni, AOMi Ha 6ajK0H&, o rocnoAHfit, nibijBmjdWb y left 
pysy, H BajieHTHHi namejTB poMiaeB TasHMi HpeBpacHfim, ^to y nero 
HaBepnyjHCB ciesH na rjiasax'B. 

Bet <|>opHajiBHOCTH BunojmeHfiT. CBaAB6a Hasna^ena bi> cj§AyK>niyK) 
CT660I17. Ona coBepniHTCH 6es% BCAsaro napaAa. BajienTHHi xoahxb 
cnpaBjiATBca Bib i^epsoBB, ho Tasx sasB CBJUi^eHHHfii cnpocHXB C!b Hero 

lUTB (|>paHBOBl sa 06pdA'B B^HWHIH, TO BajieHTHHl OTBivajCB, ^TO 

o^oftAercH H 6e8i Toro; a KieMancTB BOCSJKHKHyjui, hto 6pajcrB kb m3- 
pii eaiuifi HacToa^^fi h hto naTep^B hitb ho Hyxeni. CHa^a^ia ohh co^k- 
pUHeB cobc&tb ho npasAHOBaTB CBaAB6u; ho hotoioi, ^to6u ho noAy- 

XaiH^ HTO OHH npjBLHyTCfl, P^HUUH yCXpOHTB nHBHHmb 00 OflTH ^pfOr 

wvk ch nepcoHU, bi BHHfloica^ Horpetei, y TpoHoofi sacTaBu. UpBrMr 
iseHHHX'B Ha6paiocB ^ejtOB^K'B BoeetfHaAi^aTB. KieMaHCi AOJUSHa opH- 
BecTH CB co6ofi Tpex'B npiflTeJBHHi^'B, saMysHHxa^ seHu^HffB. BajOH- 

TIBB SaBeptfOBaJTB ufiMBJk QOJITB CTOUpOBl H p^^HROHB CB HXl A&- 

lau. Co6paTBCfl bt> bbhroitb norpe6fi'& HasHa^eo vb Mfis, qaea ooho- 
ijABH, noTOMy ^TO ptoeno nporyjaxbCH ao o6iAa* 

Bb KdpiD BaJMHTHHl H KAeMaHOB npHXOAHTl TOIBBO CI CBHA^xe- 
ilHH. BajieHTHH!B OTAaj% BEIUCTHTB CBOft CDpxyB'B; RjieMaHCB TpH HOU 

epiAy HpHBOAaia vb hophaobi exapoe rojytf oe njaxBe, KOTopoeeftHpo- 
Aua nplHTejBHHDia sa agc^^tb ^^pansoBi. Ha nefi HaA^Ti neniHEi cfb 



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332 B^OTHIB'b IBPOHH. 

qpacHmiH i^iiTan. Ooa TasaA zop<mieHBBafl, ci» 6ijieBhzot x^Texot 
poasHi^eft H nymHCTUHH 6&roK7pini0 BOJOcaMH, ^iro irapiOTe^ecBK yxu^ 
6aeT€4[ eft. Rorxa Aomei'B wpexh eft npoHSHecTB ^xa"*, ona ^yBCTByerB, 
TTo BajeHTHffB Toixaen ee jOBTevB, h npucKaerb co ciribxa. Bet bi 
sajt CMtDTcx, AftSd inicapjBr. IIo sejn*EnrB crparai^airB Boxeica npo- 
HOdTCfl saBi-tfa xyHOBeme xoxoj^octh. Eorxa hphzo;iitc< noxnocu- 
BaTBCJi Ha peracrpaxi, CBHA^Ten OTjra^aDTCfl, BajeHinHi craBHirE 
qpecFB, noTOMy ^to He yiften nHcaxB, y KieMaHCB bbzoahtl qep- 
HHJUHaji EJUiKCA. Bib Bpyssy dtxHuxi Bct uaxyTi no XBa ey. Oxia 
Mojoxafl, nepepuBi set cboh sapMaHu, sepTByerB, HasoHei^ xpn cy. 
Bb abb ^aca Bce o6ii^ecTBO naxoxBTCA b% c6op£ b% bhhhowb bo- 
rpefist, y TpoHHofi sacraBs; OTryxa Hxyn ryjun^ na ropoACsin ysptn- 
jeniji. noTOMi nyx^nHM ycrpaHBaDrB bo pBy Hrpy vb asxypRH. Eorxa 
no-HB6yAB H8i CTOJupoBi HOftxaerB xavy, offB niBBJierB ee, a xBBa 
BCBpHBHBaerB H roBopflrs, ^ro I^B^aTBCA He crk]s,jeTh, tto 9to nexo- 
nycBaoTCH. Bee oCn^ecTBO sajtHBaercH xpysHuirB xoxofroirB h Hanoi- 
Bwen TasHMi myxom 9totb mhphuR yroJOsrB senjra, hto HcnyraHHHe 
Bopo6BH yjieraDTB npo^B. Ha BOdBpaxHoirB nyvH oti^bhi npHxoxBTCii 
noeaxHTB ce6t hb cnsBy Tpex'B hjh ^eToperB pe6flTHHierB eemi-BOCBXH 
jtri, ROToptie eie-Boio^arB hofh. Bnpo^erB, h bcI no'^Bsane ne ^ys- 
eTByDTB nox% co6od hofb orB ycraiocTB, ho 9to HHBOicy ho xi- 
jomrb sxopoBO pa^oravB ^exDerBicH sa oOixoirB. Kasxuft xo^erB 
CBicTB Ha Bet CBOB HBTB <|>paHB0Bi. Bt^B SB o6tx'B 3aiijia^6Ha 
spoBHHB xenesBH, He tbri jh? He^ero, shb^hti, i^epevoHHTBCfl. 
Hy, 8a TO H Haxo bbx^tb, kbbi o6rjiaxEiBaR)TeB Bet soctotch — 

HHXBBBXl 05'BtXB0B^ HO DpHXOABTCB yHOeBTB Vb SyXHI). OXHBl 

pts^HKB CTBtxaera TBBiA xycHma xjrt6a, hto nqsasenHue rapeo- 
HH EjiaxyT%^ BBBOHei^, BOdit Hero xit0% rb nerupe 4)yHTa BteoxB. 
Rorxa nOBBjflereB acapBoe, sspniifi ryeB, BOspyrB eroia HOjiiHHiiaDTCB 
vpnM BoeTopra. BajievTHH^ Boroparo tobbphiqh crapaDTCB HanoHTB 
XJur nortxH, sopso citxHTB aa cbohvb eraBanoirB, ho SMMane^, ne 
npflBiiBiia« HBTB 6wh boxh, paespaeHtxacB, bbkb mbrovb i^atrB, h 
6oiTaerB, bbkb eoposa. Bet ohohb Beeenr, Bee nen npeBpacHO. 3i 
xeceepwirB nanHBDreB nteHH. Rasxuft noerB noo^epexB; v% te^e- 
HiB Tpex'B iBeoB% OAwn ByHxen cxtHBereB xpyraiTB. Rto noerB po* 
xBHo^, rxt roBopHTeB 0&h AxpiBTBqeeBOVB lopt, o xost e roHxo- 
jbkb; bto HonoiHBerB BOMH^ecsyi) maHeoHetBy h nepecBBBiiBaen o 
Ttx^ myTBaxi, bbbib bhho myrHTB Hax% ^lOttBOirB, nepexpasHHsaB 
wh BOHi^t BBsxaro ByHJiera nBBHaro; TpeTlft, HBBOHeiTB, noerB rpB- 
ByaBHyx) ntceHsy, BOTOpyx) xbmh ci xoxotoitb BBBonnaHHpTxyrB yxB- 
pBVH Hoixeft vh eTBBBHu. Ho BorxB xtio xoxoxBTi xo paeHJUim, Hox- 



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XPOHHRl.— DAPIXaUfllDIGBMA. 838 

Hiiaercji mju%. BsHOToproBeirB Tpetfyen Aonojnrarejn^Hoft ujaTii, ho 
HiKTO He xo^erb luaTHTB CBume mth (|>paHBOB'B. Eujo ycjioejeHO, hto 
o6ix^ CT6wn> uBTh ^paHSOBi, — SEemEVb, h TOJisoBaTL ne^ero. H raxi 
WBh BHHOToproBeiiCL rpoBffTB uosBaTB HOJiHiqi), TO xbjo soH^aercfl, Ha- 
ioH^%, Apasoft, H ^tCTB noiasafli npoBOXHTi ocraTORi ho^h vb xy- 
TysKi. Ki c^acrii)^ MOJiojciie AoraxajmcB ySTH npn caMOirB Ha^aji 
ceopn. 

Bi nenipe ^aca yrpa, BajeHTHHi h RieMaHn B03Bpaiiiai)TC« b» 
KOiHaTy nocii;;iHefi, KOTopyi) piorajni ocTaBBTB sa co6ofl xo cjiftxyD- 
o^aro cpoKa yuaTH aa KiapTapy. Ohh nimKom npomxH ^epem Bce 
CeHTB-AHTyaHesoe npexM^Tse, no xoioAsy, soroparo ae ^yBCTBOBajro, 
noTOMy HTO mxH ohohb cxopo. H ebwb toibbo XBepB sauonnyjiacB sa 
HiiH, BajfeHTHiTB sauD^aeri KjieMaHei vb o&bariE h noxpHBaenb es 
imo nonisyauE cb HOHcroBOft erpacTBD, ROTopa^ cuimBTb Mojoxyi) 
xtBymy. Ona tipocaereji vb Hevy Ha nrei) h caiia i^i^erB ero hsi 
Beeft Mora, wo6h xoRasaTB eiiy, ^ro ona ero jik)6htb. Yise paseBi* 
TaerB, sorjia ohh jiosarcA cnaxB. KaHapefisa KjieMaHCi^ vb bji%tb% y 
oiHs, ejaxBO n^etfe^eirB. Btb dibxHoft KOMHaTxi jno6oBB nap^m najTB 
noiiHjfjnnrb nojioroM'B BpoBaxH... 

BajoHTHH^ H KieMaHCi BcrynaDn vb ceMefinyD shbhb cb KanH- 
mioiTB Bi> ABajmarB-rpH cy. B& nonexftiBHHB'B ohr cnosoftHO, xasxBift 
Ch cBoefi cTopoHH, HxyTTB Ha pa6oTy. JI^hh uxyvb sa jjunoL, hpoxoxhta 

SH3HB. BfB TpHWBTB JI^TB EjeMBHCl XypHB C06oft; OH 6&I0XypUe BO* 

Jooi crajH rpASHO-seiTtniH, Tpoe A^Toft, BOTopHxi ohb BintopHHJia, 
ciijH OH Bpaeory. Tpyxi cxopo CTapsTB seHn^RHy vb IlapHsi^. Ba- 
MBTHSB crajTB HBAni^ft; oiTB Hero necen BojcBoft; spacHBiu pyBM 
ero orpy6'&ra h noxyx^H Ha paj5oT%. Bb xeHB noiywH dapa^oTsa, 
Korxa CTOJiApi BOBBpamaercfl Aovoft HBAHoft, ctb nycruHH pjEaxB, cy- 
Dpyra BcrynaDTi vb pyBonamHyio^ noxi pes^ pefioTHMeBi. Majo-no-Majiy 
xena npHBinua xoxhtb pasHCBHsaTB cBoero vysa no BHHHHm Horpe6- 

KaWB, TXk, B1^ K0HIt'b*B0H]^0B%, OffB yCaSHBaSTCX otfUBHOBeXHO SaOTOJTB 

H HanHBaercH AO-nBXHa cpexH o6hiaxoB% TatfaiBaro xma. Ho oea no 
upexHeMy jw>6ETh CBoero Hysa h npomaen ero, Borxa tottb saxacvs 
eft BoracoBxy. Ona ocrajacB weinot senn^HHoft, h ee hojibsx o6BaHHTB 
VB fox'^ ^TO OHX ryjiaerB cb nepBHirB Bcrpi^miifB, xbkb hhhx Txapx. 
H epoAH dToft shshh, nonoft eoopB h nioi^eTH, vb rpMSBowb mMjam% 
rxi saucTyK) ho 6uMWb ofba h xjiftda, epoAH MeAxeHHofi yTpam 
J^syxx DBAHHivuni ^ejOB^wcBaro otfpasa h flOAo6ix, ao cuoft xx'b 
cxepn 6HBax>rB naeii, xorAa JX><ioBB sarJixAUBaen noAi jsja:pMvak 

BOJOrb XpOBXTH. 



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884 B^crmi iBPoniL 



VI. 

A soH^aR) Ha ^towl npHiiipi. S. yse roBopHJTB, tto bc% tipara Be 
BcqepniiBaDTCff npHBejieHHUMH ^erupBiui. A cxapajicii tojbko Ba6pocaT& 
o6wia ^epm. ^jia 66jn&iffefi noraoTU cjiixoBajo 6bi yRasaTB HasTopo- 
CTeneHHUH nepTU dpasoBTi b% RasAOiTB hsi ^ertipex'B uaccoBi. Tasi, 
HanpsH^pi, B% npocTOHapoABt MHorie peMecjeHHHRH, nposRB'B ceHB- 
BOceMB JiiTb CB jiK)6oBHHi^ett, see^TCfl Ha Heft bi KOHOcb-ROHi^oBi; xpy- 
rie npe6HBaK>TB BTB HesaaoHHOirB coxtnexbCTBi ao soHi^a asHSHH, npn- 
neurb xase coerbxH ne dHaK)T%: o6BtHqaHH ohh hih h^tb. Ho 9tb no- 
Xpo6HocTH 8aBejiH6u uews, cjninisoicB xajroso, h a npeAno^HTaH) orpa- 
HHHHTBCA o6niHMH ocTOBaEQiiifH. OxHaso^ npesx^ vbwb KOH^HTB, seiai) 
nonojHHTB dTooTB oHepiRB HtcKOABHMH Heo6xoAHiniilH mrpHxami. 

Bo Bctxi noqTH Hanrax'B cejiax'B specTBAne o^bhb npaRTHnecKH or- 
Hocjn^CA iTB Bonpocy o 6paBi. MyaaqHHH iseBATCfl na x'&ByniBax'B toi&bo 
Torxa^ Borxa ohh saOepeHeHHrB. BiK)6jieHHue HaSHanaDT'B Apyr^B xpyiT 
CBHxaHiA vh noiflxi, h 9to ho c^HraercH npeAOcyxHTejiBHHirB, nosa He 
poAHTCH pe6eH0B%. Haxo DpH6aBHTB, ^0 BecBMa p^abo ciy^aoTCH, ^to6h 
Mys^HHa OTsasajCH senHTBCH na A^ByniBt, (SepeMOHHoft otb nero. Bb 
HopMaHAiH, vb ByproHH, vb IlHBapAiH vh oco6eHHocTH, npHMHTiifi xii6i 
Vh HOiflX'B He BHsHBaen Aase yjOi^BH y npoxoacHX'B; Bci 8HaK)T%, ^ro 
TfTB npoHcia jd6obb. Ha nrft $paBitiH AtBymsH ropasAO HOAOBip- 
HHBie. Ho, wh eyn^HocTH, BpecTBHue namH, roBopn oTHOCHTejnno, o^ohb 
HpaBCTseHHS. EcjH cenellHiie pasAopH 6uiiB,tyrb HspiAsa MesAyHHHH, 
BHTO piAKO Bcrp^^THHiB MesAy BpecTBHHKaMH pasBpaxHyD senn^HHy. 
KasAoe eejio Hac^raniBaerB ab'^-tph combh, coBpaTHBHOHCH ch nyn 
HCTHHHaro, HO Hponopi^ B% ropOAaxrB ropasAO Bfia^iRTenHte. SpecTBflHe 
6jniaKe b% aeiurfc h HHCTHHKTy; A^BymsH npHHaAJiesairB nepBOHy jd^ob- 
HHBy, a seHH — b^phh MyasBjnrB. 

B% HpoBHHitf ajBHHxi FopoAax'B BCTpi^aeiTB tA se ^erspe THna fipasa, 
BOTopHO A oHHcajTB, FOBopH 6paBax!B Vb HapHst, TOJUBO otfmaH H 
i^epemoHiH h^hhdtch BHtbcrt cfb npoBHHi^ieft. Ho 6paBrB no jiid6bh ab* 
uereH HCBjro^eHieirB, a 6paBH ho pascyARy h pase^ery npeo6jiaAaKT%. 
H Vb npoBHHipH HOJEOSRrejBHaH CTopoHa Aizh HrpaerB rpoMaAHyv 
pojTB. TaiTB Bd^ cocTOHHifl Ha BHAy; npRAanoe A^BymeBi HSB^^cmo ao 
BOCJiftAHeft bohMbh; cb Apyroft eropoHH, otin^ecTBo BopoTBO SHaBOHO 
MesAy co6ofi; MoiOAEie jdah snaion, BaBoro i^b^tb rjasa y Bctos a^- 
bhi^. 3Ta BHHysAeHHafl bopotboctb A^biaerrB jdaoA erne ocHorpH- 
TeiBHie; saBJiDqaa 6paKB, ohh, bohohho, coBepniaDVB nixsj^ ho npH 
dTOiTB spi^o o6AyiniBaK)Ti see A'i^Jio, h oti^bi OTAaDTB AO^epeft TasB se 



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XPOHHKi. — mPISCRUI IIHGBVi. 335 

WMiyftmnxyBo, RarB-<SH x^b&jik BBaftMu cto <|^aHBOB%. S. roiopi) o 
loopoei x«nMBHOir& h Bonpoc^ npvjiH^ff, Tasi Kasi ^cfbo, bocdh- 
Tame He vrpaDT^ iipn 9T0irB HHRasoft pojiv. Oaho o6cTOATejiBCTBo HeHA 
Boerxa oi^b chjibho nopaacajo, a mieHHO, "^ro paaepaTB ropasxo crjib* 
Hie pasBHTB vh npoBHHiqR, ^^^m^ Vb napmrfa. EsMin^ cynpyssecRoft 
ripHoeTH i^apffFB TaiTB no^TH B'B Ras^iioifB ceMeftCTB'^; csaHj^ajru cjy- 
"laDTca (SednpeeraHHo. Ebttb HoserB, saTHiiiBe o6ii^ecTBeHHoft shshh 
npuaen ocotieHHuft myirB Majiiftntet jHX5oBHoft HHTpnr'b. A CRjtoHH'be, 

BIipOHeiTB, 06lUiCHHTB 9T0 T^BTB, ^TO ^ilTB CHJBH^e JHl^eM'bpie, T'bVB 

(SenacriOTHBito noporB. 

y Mesa ecTB, oxHaRO, o;^HffB apryMemrB b-b nojrBsy 6paRa, h Jt 
CB yxoBorBCTBieiTB npHBosy ero. JlHTepaTopu h xyxosHBRH Hanrero 
BpeneHH seHATCH, B AOBOJiBHH CBoofi cy^B^oft. Cyn^ecTByen i^ijiafl Teopia 
vpoTHBTB 6paRa jiD^eft, SHsys^ex'B yMCTBeHHOft »h3Hbk): neoAHORpaTHO no- 
BTopjuocB, ^TO sena — racHjiBHHRi) Tajiaflrra, ivo ceHeKeaa shshb racerB 
TBop^ecRoe njiAiur, ^iro hcthhho CHJiBinitt ^mob^vb AOJisenrB shtb oxh- 
wman, rrri MoHceft. Bee 9to ojt,^ <|^pa3Br, onpoBepraeBiiui onuroiTB. 
Beerany npBBOXRTB HMesi^ bi xaROMi n^eRorjraBOirB jf.ijrb; hocrojbro 
mmjasa'h rajiaHTOBi b'b jBrepaTypi h fb iiCRy^cTB'b, senHBinHCB, He tojb- 
10 1^ yrpaTHJiH cbohr'b TBop^ecRHTB CHJTB, HO jiajeb'6h[ ^epnajm hxi 
Bi (ipaRi. fl;tMO vb toitb, hto aejraRie TpyaReHHRH noHajTH, wto Heo6- 
xowia 6ypsya8Haji, npaBHUHaH shshb, paairbpenHHt no paeans 
TpyVB, — W^ Toro, "iTodu yxoBjierBopHTB ROJioecajiBHoft npoHStioAHTejfB- 
Hoenr, Tpedyevoft Hameft anozott. ^ajieRH otb naci rb 6jia:ReHHNii 
BpeHena, rot^ c^FHrajiocB, ^to HOdry crdHTB tojibro pacRpiiTB orho, 
nt)(0 VB Hero Bier&io BxoxHOBenie h oeteajio ero rojony. Cospe- 
leHHufi anajiBSi, HsyHeme x^fietBHTejiBHot »h8HH, HenpepuBHaa 6opB6a 
Cb fojnofi Tpe6yK)'rB npoxoimHTeiBHaro Tpyxa, esReMSHfTHaro Hanpn- 
Mema. H BOTB HO^eify ceveftnaji shshb npeBOCxoAHa. BcTaBaTB pane 
I pa6oTaTB ynopHo, to^ho Jiaeo^HHRi, j|I)6htb CBOft AOBamHift o^arB 
I He AonycRaTB vh Hero xypRi^Rftro yjH^Haro myiia — boi*b jy^nnee 
TciOBie xxB Toro, Tro6H cosii^aBaTB MacTepcaiA npoHSBeAeniji. 

A o6in^ajrB ced'b He A^jiaTB buboxob^, ho hcrrtb, rrrhhi nyreiCB 
vosHo 6ujio 6u CRpinHTB 6pa^HiiA ysH, ROTopuji, noBHAHMOMy, pac- 
nmiBairrcji <rB Ras^HirB xneirB. Si saHBjnra) tojibro, ^to b% BacTOH- 
vjJb HBHyry exRBCTBeBHafl CBja tfpaaa saajno^aeTCfl bb Heo6zoABMOCTH 
coipaiBHiiZ'b paMORi. flCeHHTCJi Vh pOA'i Toro, RaRB nHmyiTB 8aB£in;aHui, 
w6si npHBecTB fb hophaokb cboh jifbjiB,, CepAiie, J[H)6obb — vb jkeBaTE 
txj^uTh HSTb AeeHTB HenpH^eiTB. Bceo6niit pasBpairB noApuBaerB 6paR'B, 
parao MBXb H nporecTB, pacxyn^ift ci rrsaumi* xneiTB npoTHB'B aroro DpH- 
ineauu*o y^pesxeHiH, coeAHHHDn^aro aaHSHB MyaaqRHU b sRennpiHU 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



336 MOTHIKl IBPOBH. 

BO UMM o6wa% HHTepecQKb. & xepsycB oxhhxi 4^aKfORB, Hnapixyeb 
HexHorHMH eiacTjfflBinfH tfpaiHHMH c<>»8aiai yiadHBai) sa cqMiinoe 
^Hcjo eyDpysecRHTb neBipHocret, na eeuH, mHBynpji qiew laerM- 
B^aro axa pasAopoBi, npexDCofibsmft^ Be^'h ysacoBi npocTHryiQi, 
rjiytfoso BOTpfleaDB][efi oeHOBii Hanreft QHBHjBsaipH. Axi, 6ixHoe le- 
jtOB^^ecTBol OHO Tasi CTpeMHTCJi vb noBOV, npHxyMHBaen Bcnaro 
poxa nperpa^H, hto6ii noMiHiaTB crpacTAirb oTpaBjuTB sishb iDxet, 
H Ha xpyroft se xeHB caMO onpoRHXHsaerB poramH^ Boropiu bob- 
XBHrjo HaBaHyni. 

Kjjifi HAen MfiMmsLMA^Tuk B'^B'b? Hero mh xojdbhn osamn 
Vb ABajq^aToiTb? Biitb noaBen, 6orb j[K)6bh yjuitfaeroi, npHiosm 
n^essnh vh rytfani, h roroBHrB naiTB BaByi>*HH6yxB BejnuyD sapD 
CTpacTH. Bsa^aiii ii>6obb 6uj[a repoH^ecBoft, norom Hy BCTneMoit 
KB Hame Bpeiui CTajia noj[OSHTaiBso&. Ho siwrpa, 6iitb Mosen, gu 
BcnmHeiTB saB^ sapeBO hobbfo CB^TBuia. Oxhhb hbi mohx'b xpjvA, 
sapaseHHHtt jiHpHHecBHMH napaxoBcaMH, qacro roBOpiTB mA: ^6fm 
npe noci^xHex'B HSXHxaHiH, sto oibbhxho. Korxa orb eoBcftm jMpen, 
Bce ooftxen xoponio. JIdjpi tfyjcyra xK)6flTB xpyrB jq>yra, KamrrmB, 
FB Te^eHiH OAHOro jri^Ta. J[d6obb xn^ek CTanen noxoxa Ha iDim 
i^iTOBB. BuTB Mosen, JHDXH HO nopecTaHyTb seHHTBCii; HO seas 6y- 
xyTB 6paTB, BaBTB noBynanri 6y]farH na 6Hps^ ne Bflxa xase an i 
ocraBJiiH HHorxa y m axiepoFB, x^ui BOHvepHecBaro otiopora. Hacrofloiift 
6paBH 6yAyTB sasano^aTBCH vb m ai Micjiqi, vh jriteaxi, bobj^ saw^ 
ropoxa, By^a 6jj!jn xoahtb ryuTB HyanHmi h aeHscnui. TavBiai* 
xuft BH6eperB ce6!& noji^^yry no-cepmy. 9to tfyxen npejncmo, i n 
MopaiHcrairB, hh 4>HJioco^a]rB BejiBM 6yxeTB auuoBarBCfl, noroxy m 
jMmamj BpexocraBaiTB npHiiiHflTB cbod CHcrexyl* 

BoFB MO&I BoiTB 6wu> 6ii npiflTHoe paspimeHie Bonpoca! 

8]fHlb Soiiu 
Hapnai. — 5 (17) ;^CKa6pa, 1876. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHSA. 337 

BTOPH<IHAfl n01l3il[KA T, PH/^A Bl POCGIIO 

Bi HSBieHORiH Hdi oro nHCOM'b Bi .Times*'. 



Foxa TpH TOHy nasa^'B cb ne6ojLhmmrh mz nosHaEOMHjra nanraxi 
^Hraraieft (tb pesyjBTaTaMH notsj^sH bi n6Tep67prB oahofo usi* BecBMa 
asBicTHHX'B TexHHBOB'B-CTpoHTejieft anrjiftcsaro ^jiotsl h 6iiBiiiaro rjaB- 
Hipo KopatfjecTpoHTejia (Chief Constructor of the Navy), a B^ocJl•6;^CTBiH 
BK^e•IIpe3H;^eHTa HHCTHxyTa MopcKHxi apxHTesTopoB'B Bi JIoHAOHi, r-Ha 
Pixa '). OceHBV HCTeRinaro roxa owh npeAnpHHiijrB HOByn no'£3ABy 
n HaiTB, H Ha qtotl pas^— b^ EpiiMi. noiciiii;afl HSBjieneHie hsi hu- 
etnran'B nneeirB r-Ha PHxa bi^ AHrjiH), mh ^aeiifB, TasHifB o6pa30M'B, 
waxejoD KOHei^'B SHasoMaro yase eHy Haiajia, h noTOMy He hm^htb 

Baj(06H0CTH HOBTOpflTB TenepB Tbxi> OrOBOpOBl, BOTOpiIfl MU CA^JaJH 

Toria Heo6xoAHMOC'rn othochtbca BpHTH^ecBH ne tojbso b'b ocyasAe- 
m Haci HHocTpani^aMH, ho TaKse h b% noxBajiaBrB cb hxi CTopoHu. 
BsBimBii pasi r. Pha'b oco6eHHO ocTanaBjraBaerca na Kpyrjraxi 6po- 
BeHoci^axi, BUSBaBHTHX'B rpoMsyK) nojeMHsy h y HacB, h b'b OTe^ecTB'6 
Ha Pn^a. Bi caMofi no.ieMHS'i, Rone^HO, uu ne xomeH'B hphhjitb hh- 
ttioro yHacria; mh ^aae fotobh AonycMTB, tto xora r. Ph^i npopo- 
^ecTByerB h fb nysKofi semi, ho Bce se Mosen^ hm^tb yqacTB t^x'b, 
^ KOTopim cRasaHO vb Cb. nHcanin, tfo «hhrto ne npopoKi vb cBoeirB 
(^Te^ecTBt"; HaKOHeB;^, oniH6aTBCJi— 3to o6mjBLai yqacTB jm^ei; bc* no- 
BffTB, saKB en^e nexaBHO h canoe dTO Hspi^eHie Cb. nHcania 6UJ10 
tccbia KOMnereHTHHirB jmuflwh HasBano „4^paHi](y3CBOK) nocioBni];eK)^ ^); 



') C«. ,3. E." 1872, ceHTii6pB, crp. 416: ^AnriiicEoe mAme pyccBOirb 4)iort^. 

') Cv. Ton Bi ^MocsoBCiHX'B BtxoM.^ HSB^CTiA nyTemecTBiH r. nHHHCTpa na- 
pouaro n^ocjAmfiBUi na dfl, hbi OeoAOciH, orb 23-ro ceerii^pii. — ^Mh He npoBi- 
pUB, (kio JH oepene^aTaHO aio Micro ei oSCypH. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB^., ho saTo lam 
K Baui xpyri^ MicTay Boropfiui mejOkTexbEO 6iuo 5u ocTaBHn aa CTOJi^i^ax'b „Mo- 
CEOBcmi BixoHOCTei^. Bi ropoxi AHaHLeBi, 6iaroHHHHHfi, 07611(1 OeoxopB Fh- 
^oeol ciasan Mexxy npoHHMi: „Mh, rpasxaHe ropoxa AnaHBeBa, hoihh BOCTopra 
^ eucm iipe6iiBaHiii Bamero ciaTeACTBa cpexH Haci h Toft bhcoioS: MiMoemUy BaiyD 
Bpyere eu Hani bosmoxhoctbd OTRpHiiii wb HameirL lopoxi noiHoi xyaccEoS rniHa- 
*>. Blpire, same curreibCTBO, hto hh Biepa Benepoiiiy sorxa hbi ycrb BamHZ'B ycjni- 
■ui cioBO o TaEofi eucoKoU MUAOcmu v^ HftiTb). — Bi BOCTopri no3xpaBJiUH xpyn 
■t?n BaaniHHini 2o68aHijnfH, Kan vb iipasxHHirB GB^Tiaro XpHCxoBa BocKpecema^ 
'tZ. M. H. np.** xeK. 1875, crp. 145, npexi otx^omi uaccHHecKofi ({)HJoioriH). OchO) 
■lie mraasiH hoxho HasBan miocTbD no OTHomemK) k% BepzoBHofi BiacTH vb cipaffb 
> JUJ KUHcrpa HapoxHaro npocBivemii aro oCaaaHHOCTB, BoaioseHaaa na aero Bep- 
lUBOD BjacTbD, HO He OFO ^hhjioctb''. HaBOHeiCib, npHpaBHenie Taaoi „mhiocth^ hh* 
Ton L— Shbapb, 1876. 22 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



388 BftCTHKBl BBPOnH. 

HO M03RH0 HeiOB^p^THBO OTHOCHTBCA SO MHOFOMy, H T^Wb He MeHl^ He- 

o6xo;(HMO HsyqaTB 6JH8KO xase h Tasoe MHtnie, ci Roropun mh mo- 
iHceiTb 6uTh HecorjacHu. Bon noTOicy ini noBfi^miaeirB BTopHqHo MHime 
r. Phaa, h HUHiBHi& pasi Becuia eD^paom Bonpod^ He saii sa- 
B-IiTE RaRoft-HH6yAB, a TOJiBso nhfPh BecBica HHTepecHHft MaTepiajTB, 
coo6niaeinifi pyROH) ^ejiOB^Ra, Roroparo mosrho ocnapHBaTB, ho koto- 
paro nejiBSA ne npHsnaTB icacTepoirB h SHaTOROici. Bopo^eirB, Rpui- 
cms. HHCBMa r. PHxa xoryrB saHHrepecoBaTB n homhmo rjaBnaro vn 
npeAveTa: aBTopi coo6iiqu'B raRse h o6nna cboh nyxeBHA Boe^Tii- 
Hifl^ H, RaRTB to ^cto mh saM^HaeiTB y nnocTpaHi^eB'B-TexHHROBi, oina- 
pysHJTb npH BTOWh 6oJiBiEyD HadiDjiaTejibaocTB h TajuiHrB, xopomo p&s- 
RHTijft o6mjswb odpaaoBanieiTB. Bi sanajtHofi o6pa8OBaHH0CTH uu BOo6Bie 
He BHXHiTB ysRaro CTpeiueHia c^i^aTB peajiBHoe o6yqeHie npo^cio- 
HanHUiTB H cnexuaJBHO-rexHHHecRBirb: oho xaRse npeAHasHa^aercA na 
TorOf HT0611 cjysHTB cpeiXCTBOiTB R'B o6n^eMy pasBHTis) xyxoBHUxi caq* 
eo6HOCTefi ^ejOB&ca; ^Hraa nHCBica r. PHxa, Tpy^HO xase xoraxaTwci 
06^ ero RpafiHeft cneAiajiBHOCTE; dTO — npesxe scero o6pa30BaHHiift neio- 
h^Khy a saT^irB—caej^iaiHCTB. HejBsa noTOMy He nosaj^TB^ hto Tasoft 
Ha6jiK)AaTe.'[BHK[fi ^ejiOBiR^ Ras'B r. Pha'b, BUHy^Aeni 6iiJrB cfc nep- 
Bux% se cjiOBx sajiOBaTBCA Ha cboh) ch^^bihoctb, a TaRse h na ^ufXijt 
HH^Hufi** xapaRTepi nyTemecTBifl, ^acTO openflTCTByDn^ift BHAivB umji 
B'B 6yAHHqHoft npaB^i. 

^uK0Aa€6^^ 6-ro 0KTfl6pa, 1875 row. — YsnaB-B, qro 7-ro ORTafipa 
3;^tcB npeiHasHaHeH-B cnycRi na BO^y BToporo h8^ KpyrjHX'B 6poHeHoc- 
ufiVh^ CTpoiom^Hxcji bi Poccih ajih 3aniHT£i roscHux'B CieperoB'B, a TaBse 
BOcnOJiBBOBaBiBHCB ffpHrjaflMHiesi, noSBOiABioflMi VH^ ocMorp'bn ho- 
Boe cyxHO 1 npHcyrmoiiaTB ipn ero cnycR^ npn canfiix^ jtytimi 
ycjiOBiax'B, h HaROBei^i^ nwhs bosmoshoctb hpo^wb 3a-ppaumei) se- 
npOAOJSHTejBHoe BpeMa nocjii saHflxift bx napjaiceHT']^, s ornpaeHJicii 
h8i> AhfjIh qpes'B Btny B'B Oxeccy, oray^a Ha napoxoA*]^ npH6uJi 
B^epa wh HHROjaeBi aaRi pa3*B BO-BpeHii, ^to6u xoponio ociiOTpi^Tb 
dTOTB BecBMa BHTepecHiift BoeoHuft nopTB. fl^ejiaa BRpaTU'i coo6ii(aTi> 

BaiTB BCeiTB BBxiffHOlTB MHOK), SL FB TO 3Re BpOMii AOJISeHl npCABapH- 

TejiBHO HSBHHHTBca B'B TOM'B, ^TO saM^TKH HOH 6yji;yrB 6'6rjma H oipiJ- 
BO^HUff BCjrfixcTBie cntnraocTH, cb RaaoH) no Heo($xojiH3iocTH s xoji- 
meffB 6jxj HHcaTB, a TaR;Ke BCjrbxcTBie npasj^H Hanaro xapaRiepa 
Moero HyremecTBiii. 

Tan zn,trb xejianie nod&THTB rosnyi) Poccik) yfieinqHBaercfl uo 
wbph pacsmpeffifl c^tb sejii^anHX'B ^.oporB vb aToft qacTH EBponii, to 
SA^CB tfyxero RcraTH yHonflHyrB, tfo a npH6mB wh HHROiaeai qepe^n 

HHcrpa n GBfoxoiiy npaaxraiy vb ycraxi nacTHpa iiepsBH Mosert noKaa&T&cx e^* 
CEonso npeyBeiHieBHmfi. Cjiosa 0. 6eoxopa ne ^Hjn oruoHeHH, ■ na-xEJixi dojibb 
iHCb xaace na crpaHHiMixi o<|M]^iiAiaJu>Haro saAaeifl. — Cm. hhsc: nCH^Juorpaij^i^ecKil 
Jhctobl*— pto pasBRHa nisa^axepa ai Oagcc^: „Byxymee bi npooieAmeMi".-- P^. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHiRi. — nMSXKA r. pixi wb POGGH). 389 

lecn XHeft no Buisxi hsi JIosxaHa, cxbxBLWb npH dTOM'B xpH ocTa- 
BOBU HA nyrn: ooramBR; ha ho?& wb KgjbHi, 24 ^aci^ n Btali h 
ooHTa 24 laca wh Oj^eeeriji. QoBm/iHMOicf, mosho 6iijiO 6u bbojh^ ;n((h 
BonoTBOiaT^eA ctou CBopmn. nepei^axoin^ ho a y6'iAHJiCfl, hto Bpeva^ 
yno9p«6ju[eifoe xja droro nepedbsxa, BoanosHO 6um 6u cospaTHTB, 
eeii6H rjmBHtta RORrigeHTajuau« jmmim aieJiisHUX'B Aopar%, h oco- 
(eHHA pyceaia^ B|)aciioeo6]uiH csopne ociaAU aja yAo6cTBa naceasH- 
poRL, lAmn% ei axmro soHiiia Eapoau bi Apyroi. TaBBm o6pa- 
son eo^)aTHj[ae& 6u soaHHTeibsaii Macr^ AByx'b TflrocTHUX'B vo^eS, 
npoMOdifiix'B Ha oyTH Bieacjiy Haceay a BiHoli!, a Tasse xesjiy Smo- 
piHKoft B OAecooft. HanpHiiif^ paaeroAHie iiesAy pyccsofi rpaHHmeft 
I OaoccoA paBHo Tojuo 342 m Hjaifb, a Meaxy Tiwh TaB%-Ha3iiBaeiiHft 
sCKopHik BcxbdA'^" npotfi^rcidTrb sto pascroHHie bi 19Va hbcobi, hto 
cocraBflrb cpejioDK) cKopocr^ Aase Menie 18mhji( Bi^aci, 6j[aro;(apfl 
mjij H opoAOxsHTejiLHoeTH oeraHOBOK'B. Tohho TaEse, BCjixcTBie ne* 
TAo6Baro yorpoftcTBa naeeaaBpcsaro coo6a(eHiji na kiobhiix'b pycesHX'B 
Beii8B£a% xoqsoFax'is naeeasHpti, ixyn^e crb Baoaxa b'b HHsoJiaeBi, 
npejuioviTanTi TeaepK nyTii vh Ox^cy, a OTryxa MopeMi Bb Hbko- 
iaeai, BeeMOTp^ Ha to, ^to no cyniecxBynn^efi b%tbh orb coe3,nBeHiH 
n Buri ao HHsojaeaa paaoTOiiHie dHaqHTejBHO Ropo^e, ^iwh cooah- 
HeiHoe paseroAHie soj^sbok) xoporoD h Mopevii ^es'b OAoecy; ho sa- 
veji.ieBi« HO droA b^tbh im% bojihbh h bpoma npH^HTiJi HoiaAa b% 
HiiojaeBTb cTOJib HeyAo6HO (3 vaca hoib), ^to nyTB Mopeirb Bcerxa 
npejuHO^BTaercA Aase caimMH &xfl3jBBUMH naccasHpaifH. H He ifory 
looyexBTb imen, rto6u yapaBJADn^e dshumh pyccBHMH saiiaHUMH 
loporaiiB eM']^niHBa4V npa aTOifb A'biicTBie Ch npHHHHOio, a MeasAy t^icb 
HI Bonpoc^: BOHeMy n nocTpoftKOD Aopo^o•CTo»H^eft AoporH ao Hhbo- 
X9BU AoeraBjimrc^ tbri Majo yAoticTBi nyTemeoTByDn^HMS^ bbhtb o(itiK- 
BOBeHHo oTB^^aix'n, ^TQ JIM Heana^HTeibHaro iHCJia HaeoasHpoBi, 
is^anmx'B no droft Aopori, ne CT^HTb saBOAHTB ApyrHX'b, sjmaarb 
jAodcTBx; TOTAa RBBi Ha canoHi Ai^ 6uso 6u nyAOirB, ecjiH 6u no- 
Isjui, opaxoA^uue h yxoA^nqe cpeAH ho^h, HorjiH npHBJieBaTb h nepe- 
B03ITB MBoro nacca»HpoBi^ mm ropoAa hjh b'b ropoAii, noAO^Hiift 
HiioiaeBy, jsbhu ROToparo ho ocB'i^n^eHu raaoifB, ne Biaron^eBii h 
^ BBBejiefif HecMorpji na to^ ito mnpHna yjiHirb 6edcnopHO noaao- 

iien BllMOCTHTb BX'b I npOAOSHTB naHOJIH. 

Qocjt BaAeHia CeaacTonoJiii, 20 ji'ki% touj Ha8aA%> HaROJiaeBi 6iu'b 
rjaBHuiTB HopTOMi AM pyccRaro BOOHHaro ^^jotb vb HepnoirB Hopt, 
BO TpaRTBTOifb 1856 TQM MopcRia CHJiU PoccIh Ha K)r6 yMeHBmeHu 
nn BBa'iiTeiiiHo, tto BOBepxHocTHaro BsrjiHAa na HHROjaeBi, cb ero 
Bopnorb, nopTOBHini coopysoHi^MH h npBcnoco6jieHijiicH, nnojHi ao* 
craio^Bo, ^toCh c^HraTb exx coBepmeHHO yAOBjerBopBTejBHHMH ajh 
BHHtoiBHX'b Tpe6oBaBi6 qepHOMopcsaro ({>jOTa. Oahbro, bc^ nps- 
'Haaa b yKaBaHiic, BCTpiqaK)ni;ieca rbri na nyxH vb HHROjaea'B, TaR'B 
1 n caMOM'b ropoAt, noRaBUBanirb, ^to UHROjaoBy npeAcroHTi ca%- 
JaTbCfl BnocjrbACTBiH ropasAO Cqa^b BasHUirb nyHRTOM'b, BOb boohho- 
vopcKOMi OTBOBieBiH, H^iii OH'b OCTB B'B HBCTOBm^ee BpoMB. HanpH- 
itpi, BiOA^ Biepa B*^ mnpoRiik AH^npoBCRO-ByrcRifi jiHMaBi nesAy 
KhhCiproii^ b OHaKOBKM'b, a saviTBJTb, hto cpoAH axaxi AByxi nynR- 
^Bi coopymaerca na bqa^ 6ojBniBX'b pasictpoB'b Rp-inocTB. noAHHMa- 
<^ AMte BBepx'b HO piR'b Byry, hu bha^jih ho 6eperairb H-icROJibRo 

22* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



340 RBGTHnrb IBPOHH. 

8ai^Hii](eHHUx% nyHKTOBi, BOTOpue o^eBHAHo xopomo Butfpami saicB or- 
HoeHTeorBHO 4^apBaTepa pi^BH, Tars h HCsyccTBeHHux'b n eCTecTseH- 
MHxi sarpasxemft. IlyHBTii sth npe^CTaBjiflDTb co6ok) otfnrapHUfl se- 
MjuiHua yupinjieHlff, xopomo BOopyseHHiur HOBtfimes) crjlhok) aprai- 
jiepieH). HasoHei^, b'b canoirB HEsojaeBCBOirB nopTi croajn Ha flsopi, 
cpexH nojB-3,]DSHHU He6ojnbiiiHX'b otfiiRHOBeHHHxi BoeHHHxi. cyxoBi 
HepHoxopcEaro (jl^JiOTa, nepBiifi pyccsift spyrjuft 6poHeHOceii;^ ,HoB^opoAl^ 
TaB'b saRi fl HM^K) Ha^esAy Ha nosBOjeme CA^axB Ha droirb 6poHeHOC]^ 
nepexoA'B no HepnoMy MopD h b^poatho ocMOTpE) era Ha pefiA^ vh 
nopr^ TO a TonepL HH^ero 6ojihme ne csasy o hcitb, t^itb 6oiie 
^T0 ecjiH MEi nocHacTJHBHTCA npHcyrcTBOBaTB na neirb bo Bpeiu iu&- 
BaHifl vb OTRpEiTOX'b icop'i, TOF^a a, Kone^HO, coo6niy sairB o pesyiB- 
TaTarb mohxi HatfjiioAeHift. 3a£cb se tfyxera AOCxaTo^Ho csaBaTB^ ^to 
c6opBa AOCTaBJOHHUx'B CD^a HS'B IlerepSypra nacreft j[,xa drofi nepsoft 
nonoBSH H nojiHaa nocTpofisa BTopofi nonoBRH bb HHROJiaeB'6 cjiysan 
ocflsaTejBHEnfH xoRasaTejBCTBaicH Toro BaasHaro yH0Tpe6jieHia, saKoe 
Mosera 611TB Aano cpexcTBairB xopomo 8ani;Hni;eHHaro HHEOjiaeBCsaro 
nopxa. & HasiiBaD yroTb nopTB xopomo 8an^Hni;eHHinf'B Ha tomb ocho- 
BaniH, qro ne tojibso xopomo oxpaHOHU AOCTynu sb ero aAMEpaneft- 
CTBj, BaRB yRasano Bume, ho bto nocx&AHoe nojiBsyoTCJi npeRpacHUirB 
iribcTOHOJOseHieiTB, o6pa3yeM£iirB p^rod ByroMB, ROTopaa, no npH6jnise- 
niH BB HHROjiaeBy, ^^aero cna^ajia 6ojiBmoft noBopoTi otl Hero i 
noTOiTB onaTB saBOpa^HBaeTca rb neiiy hoab npHRpuTieirs BOSBtmreH- 
HOCTH. Haxo saHi^THTB, ^T0 BB A^&CTBHTejiBHOCTH aAMHpajTeftcTBO pac- 
nojoseno BOBce ne Ha piKi Byrb, a na ea npHTOfct — ^ui HHryjA, 
RaRB pasB nepoA'B camnrB t'Imb m^ctomb, rxi HnryjrB caMOH) rjiy6o- 
ROD CBoeK) TOCTBH) BjiHBaeTca Bt ByTB. HacROJBRO piRa ByrB jtift- 
CTBHTejBHO npeBocxoAHa, HOSHO cyAHTB no TOMy ({)aRTy, ^to pyccRoe 
npaBHTejiBCTBO y^e^HJio CBOft caHuft rjiaBHuft k)»hii& BoeHHuft nopn 

nO^TH BB 50-TH MHJBraXB BBepXl 0TB yCTBa dTOfi ptRH. 

06ni;ee HasBame nnonoBRa**, RaRB tewl oco6aro BoenHaro cyxHa, 
npHCBoeno no sejianiD FocyAapa HMnepaTopa RpyrjtUHB 6poHeHOCi^ain», 
CTpovniHMca no nepTesaifb aAMHpajia IIonoBa. Bropaa nonoBRa „BHi^e- 
aAMHpajTB nonoBB**, HasBaHnaa bb ^octb ea * H8o6p'£TaTejia, xoJSHa 
611TB cnyn^ena na BO^y saBTpa, h rb ea cnycRy fotobhjihcb bb Hheo- 
jiaeBii RaRB r'b 6ojBmoMy co6iiTi]D, ^eiTB mosho 6ujo AoraAarBCfl 
yse B^epa bo BpeHa npH6j![H3ReHia rb ropo;i;y, ne Bnaa xajse sapaH^e 
roTOBHBmeMca no dTOMy cjyqaro npaawecTBi. OAHOBpeMeHHO cb bthitb 
A^jajiHCB npHroTOBJieHia ^ja npiena h bctp^^h BejiHRarp KnaBa Eoh- 
CTaHTHHa HHROJiaeBH^a. BoeHHiia cy^a, CToaBmia na aRopi, naxoAH- 
XHCB wb caMOiTB jy^meiTB nopa^R^; nonoBRa „HoBropoA'B" , HacROJbRO 
BO8MOSH0, CMariHjia CBofi yrpnMuft bhab 6iecTan;eK) 6%jih3hoh) cbohzb 
Tpy6i H CB^seH) ORpacROK) cbohxx HaACTpoeRB; Radennaa npHcraHb 
npHBeAena bb caiiafi jy^mift bha'b, h na neft 6iij[b oroh^bh^b RpacHBO 
yRpameHHiift naanjiBOHB, bb rotopomb BejHRaro RHa8a aojishu 6£lih 

BCTptTHTB rOpOACRia BJaCTH H HOpTOBOO Ha^aJBCTBO. 

IIojiBByacB BpeHeneiTB ao npH6aTia BejraRaro RHasa, CRasy ai- 
CROJiBRO cjiOBB HoiTB. Ohb npHHa^jesHTB RB paBpa^y JH^HOCTeft, sa- 
xiqaTejBHux'B no cbohmb npHpoAHHMB AapoBamairB, o6mHpHocTH cbo- 
BTb noBHanifl, npeAanflocTH o6n],ecTBeHHoft cjiys6^ CBoeft crpanu. Bnt 
MopcROft cneniajbHocTH, BejHRift rhhbb xopomo HBB'bcTeHB na pjixy cb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKiu — nOMJVKA r. FHM Vb POGOID. 341 

ipjraifH HSBicTHuxH o6iitecTBeHHinfH A^Te.MXH vb Esponi sa ero 
mapoKoe SHaxoMCTBO crb xapaRTepoMi h BjuAHiex'B rbvb chxb, Koropua 
coAifiCTByDTb paBBHTii) npocB'bm;eHiA cBoero B'^Ba. noompeHie ycni- 
xoBi MopcKoro A^jia, wb BHcmeirb CMUCji cjOBa, He ocTaHaBjiHiaercfl 
BDpo^eiii Ha jEni reH6pajrB-a3,MBpajia, ho nojy^aera Bucmee Bupa- 
leme vb oco6ft FocyAapfl HicnepaTopa. Bciwb hsbActhu s^.'&cb qacTue 
CTy^aHf npH soropHX'B Ero BejHHecTBo ny6jH?Ho BiipaiKajrB CBoe 6JH8- 
loe ynacrie k'b BHiepecairB padBHTia <j[)j0Ta, h a Mory jKasaTB en^e na 
rasoft 4^aRT%, hto Ha-AHaxi FocyAapB HMnepaTopi ocicaTpHBaxB vb 
GesacTonojii jhhho yHoBropoA'B^ h coBepnnui'b na dTofi nepBofi no- 
noBsi Hefiojibniofi nepexoA'B, hto6ii caMOiHHHo cyxBTb 061 btomi 6po- 

EoHcraHTHH'B HHKOjaoBHq'b, B'b conpoBosA6HiH BHi^e-aAMHpaia IIo- 
noBa H HisoTopux'B o4>Hi];epoBi cBoero MopcKoro mratfa, npH6iijrB na 
nrt .JTHBaAia** vb HHROjaoBi ceroAHfl b'b II-tb ^acoBi^ yrpa. Bhi^o- 
a^MBpajTB ApRacB, rjiaBHufi KOMaHAHp'B nepHOMopcKaro ^^jora, h kohtp^b- 
ajurapaai AHApees'B, KanHTani naA'B HnKOjiaeBCBHirB nopTOM'B, oTBa- 
JHu oiTB 6ep6ra na nepBoiTB aaTept js,jia bctp^hh ero BuconecTBa h 
Ufl conpoBOSAeHia ero na 6eperB. BejiHBifi BHasB BuniejrB na 6eperB 
T ajuapajTreficBoft npHcn^HH, soTopaa 6uja HanojineHa o^^Hi^epaMH bc!&x'b 
HHHOBi, B'B napaxHoft 4K)pMi, ropoACBHMH BjacTaMH, H yRpameHHaa pas- 
BiBasniHiiHca 4>JaraMH, ona npexcTaBJiajia BecBMa osHBJeHHyD RapTHHy, 
HpH apaoM'B cojmeqHOM'B 6jecRi h npn acHofi losHofi aTMoc4>epft. 
Fopoxcsofi roJOBa h opeAcraBHTejE cocjiOBifi noAHecjH BejHROMy KHasH) 
uiObEcoxb^ KaR'B o6uRHOBeHHoe Bupasenie dxicB npHB-i^TCTBia h rocxe- 
upinicTBa, h npH btomi 6ajiO npiaxno bba^tb cep3,eHHufi npieiTB, 

OiasaHHUfi BC^MH BeJHROMy RHaSK), ROTOpHft B1^ CBOH) O^epOAB T^ITB 

le OTBinajTB BCTpi^aBnnofB ero xbii,2mt>. OcotiOHHo paxymno BOjraRifi 

KHaSB OpiB^TCTBOBajB OAHOFO BOSHJOrO HOpaRa, ROTOpilftf savB a 

ysHajTB, HM'ba TonepB hhh^ nojiHaro a;rMHpajia Oi 6ujn> 30 ji^tb Hasa^i 
KoiufflAHpoiTB BoeHHaro cyAHa, na ROTopoifB ero BucoqecTBo cjiysHjrB rap- 
xevapHHOiTB. Ho OROHHaHiH i^epeMOHiH npiena n bctp'^hh, BejHRifi RHasB, 
He Tepaa hhcrojbro BpeiieHH, TornacB ace npHCTynHXB r^b A^jy. Cea^aaa 
OHi ornpaBHaca wb o6cepBaTopiK) , B'B ROTopoft BecBMa Tni;aTejiBHO 
ocioTpijrB aasAyH) ROMHaxy, A'bjraa npn Ra»AOM'B ejyna']^ caMue no- 
ipo6Bue pascopocH, oco6eHHo OTHOcirrejiBHO HcnpaBHOCTH pasHux'B npH- 

ClI0C06jeHi& H HHCTpyveHTOB'B. nOTOMB OH'B nOC'^THJ'B xopcRoo y^H- 

naifi ^, npBroTOBjaDii^ee moaoauxt> jiDAeS bb o^^Hi^epH pyccRaro 
^ora. FaaBHoe BHHMaHie BeaaRaro RHasa vb aAMHpajTefiCTB'i, xesxy 
npoHHiTB, 61UO o6paii^eHo na BTopyD nonoBRy „BBi];e-aAMHpaj'B IIo- 
noiTB'', cnycrB ROTopofi na Bo^y nasHaHeHB Ha saBTpanraift xeHB, ^eiTB 
a fiy^y roBopHTB nocji*. 

yeD^BmH HanHeaTB BumeHsaoseHHoe, a BOcnoaBSOBaaca CBo6oAHH]rB 
BpeieaeiTB msi ocMOTpa hohobrh ^Hobfopoa'b*', ROTopoft imi yse 
<)iuo xoBoaBHO xopomo hsb'Iictho bco, 7x6 bosmosho 61L10 ysHaTB no 
^epresan h nenaTHHirB onHcaHiairB, h soTopya) B^epa a bha^^ 
TOttso H3Aaan. IIoTOifB a BHHMaTeaBHo o6onieai» nonoBRy „BHi(e-aA- 
KHpaxB nonoFB*, CToaBmyD en^e na CTaneat, vji^i ee mosho 6ujlo to- 

AxnpajTb K>xapiB%. 

') Hopcne DHsepcue uaccH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



342 mffnaa n^m. 

pasAO jryrare ocmotp^^tl^ i*«* no 'Cnyc«4 ha Bo;^y saBrpa, Korxa, ow- 
BHAVO, 6ujm 6u flerpyseoii bi^ Bojuy He rojiBRO Bro^^Boxfian incn ei 
MHoroqffCjreHiiinrH ^KsmKEjoMM^ ho Tance srecTB hhhtobuxi xBHrafeiet 
H oi;Hfi% BeobMa cfljibHiift pyxb. Enia xwojibho 6jffi8Roe 8BaK»MCTBo 
cb ^poHesoc^anH aflrjnflcBaro h xpyr«x% (|)J[otob% a ocMorpiBiKH re- 
n^L 9TH BoioBKH.) A, padyH^teTCA, HOOOB^TOBajnb 6u nojreoBHny 
CTpeHAflsy (Strange) h ;(pyrflHT» jnen^avB^ HpeAiara;»ii;HK& npei^aTitTB 
Bi AvrjoH HOCTpofisy 6poHeHoci];eB^ of jiosHTf> cboh cysxenui oo^rroiy 
DpeAvery jnci^ rbxi nop^ nofta ohh opHMyn &b <x)o6pa2Berae »th pyc- 
CRUL DonoBRH. EcjiH HaA« oTsasaTbCii oti»<^ohh^ Torxa, OHeBHxio, cii^ 
Aycrb soGHjaTb naniHX'L oifw^epoB'b h naTpocos^ AP&Ti>CJi cb umfuL- 
TeAewb na cyAax^B cb He3aii^Hii],eHHUHH soTjaMH h nopoxoBUMH norpe- 
6aMH, Boropue senpeH'^HHo 6yj(yTi> Bsopaaiu aepBinrB se BonaBiniH'B 
Bi HHn HenpiaTencKHHi cnapaAOMi. Aoho, -Hto toji^so KpatHxa ne- 
o6xoAHMOCTi> Moacen oapasAaTb Tasyv v^, a rasan «eo6soAaii0CTB 
uom^vb HpoHdotTH T9JIBK0 Docjit Hcrofl^emc dc£x% pasymNXi <^A(rm 
sani^HTu cjjsa^vh 6poHei>. Ilpn o6cysAeHiH 8iM>ro apexsera a meMsuo 
AaTfi noxflMniy«) h^ej h dHa^eme TOMy <j[)aBTy, ^rro 6povev<M^ei^ „Van- 
guard* 6iu% ooToojeHB, orb oahoto yjii^a TapaH«M%, u cyxfMKE, co- 
BeptneHHO noAoCaHM's esiy. IIpH aTOH^ b^ Roee^Ho, nojaran, vro na 
BoevDOH'B cjfm% HaAJiesan^HifB o6pa8om nparoroBjieHBOMm Kh 6cm, 6y- 
AyT% veBosifosHH ^KTU, oiSHapya&eHBHe cyAom naxi ^VaagvardWk*, 
oTHOGHTBjUiHo oocTOflHk ABopeii vb benpoHBi|aeHiixib ^ji& Boxu oep^ 
6opBax'^ soaeAJKHie Bf» saicpimH arHx^ ftBepet, a i«Ese RacaTeJMO 
CJHVBOMi <}ojni»nioro BaiiexJieHui Wb waspavin coo6^6Hifl Heisxy ■&' 
]HHfl««Mi H K0?erapHUM'b OTA^jseHiflMft, TTO cpa&He BaaoHo ^n (ei- 
onacHOCTH mpoeoro cy^na, h t. x. ^ en^e m^jonrBm, qro s% paacMT- 
pnaeMOMi cjiy^ai^ onacHOCTB h ipyxHocTB cncenigi cyx«a yBejnnHBa- 
XBOb orb vicra^ By^a aaseceHi yxapi vapaaoM'b n ot% oidomrejyat^^ 
Tapaaefiix. Ko Bceiiy <^Ba3aHH0My Ha^e en^e qB«6aBBi^ qro Hame so- 
pa6jec'i7K)eme, saRi h Boo^n^e wA e6mecTBeHHiifl pa6oTB, xojiiEfio 
npesxe fioero noJibSOBBTbCJi xoeipieM'b o6n^ecTBa, a Bra xosi^pie. t(e3i 
Maji4Uimaro eoMH^HiH, cepb^HO HOKOjieCajioob wocjA Hecucna oo vsy* 
HO<K> .Mistletoe'' m Bccopii nocjiiAOBa«neH) rm6eAbJ0 6poBemo^pi flVan- 
guard"", xoTfl b^ nocjitxHeirb cayqafc aania norepA hIoiojiuo Bowa- 
rpaxAa^Toa oqeBHAHUMi AOKasaTexBCTOoaim qpovaABOi dUH iwo ra- 
paHa, KOTopHMi X HacraHBajii CHa6ftaTb Kaas^oe ipoHOHoCHoe cyxHO 
Moero lepTeasa. Botb, b'b btoS-to chji& Tapana hh koxkbu bha%tb ne- 
6yffBTejiBHyK> npe^HHy x^ui caMaro (ijaropasyMnana •(icysA^njt boipoea 
Oyxynnenb pasBariH 6poB6HOCHaro eyAOcrpoena, ■ auTOHie 9t(A 
nps^iHHBi en^ 6ojito yBejHHHBaerca i^h conocraBxenH ea cb Boopo- 
COM'B o6'B yaejiHqeHiH chju apTHJuepin. 

Korxa HH!b npHnuocB npHioa^HTB cbob mucjui bib paq>a6oTr& 
H^Teaiet 6poH«HOCHUx'B cyA0B3», Torxa a rjiy6oB0 jitffijKa n tthtb, 
qTO npesxe Bcero Rpaftne Heo6xoAHMO eoBq)BmBHO onaaaTBoa an 
npiHATux'B Torjia <)K)pirB m pasM^^poBft napoBHxtB cyxoBi. A flaaan, 
HTO AAHBHue 6poHeHocw 6ajLR HecocroaT&iBHU noma aa BcteB «tko- 
meHiaxit, a HiceHHo: oxHocHTejBHo TOHKoft 6poBa, jroraaxi opyAifti 
orpoMHofi BejiH^HHu, ^jiBmoft CTOHMOCTH, 6oiBmoft HenOBOpOTJraBOCTH 
H noABepsoHHocTH KO BCflKaro poAa noABOAHUMOb a aajcBOAHuai ara- 
sawB. Bcji^ACTBie 3Toro, BCTynaa'B b'b HcnoiHeBie ofiaaaaHOcm rjnLB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHiKA.— nofisxKi r. nixi vb poccn). 843 

Htra cyAocrpoBTeiA anrjiicBaro (j^jora, a Ha aepsoMs se ^Spone- 

BOd^t yHeHBniBjnb a^hhj c% 400 la 3O0 4^t*b, yBejra^njii TOJ^^aHy 

6poHi, CAiiajfL eix) cboco^umii ROCHTb B;^Boe Tflsejiyi) apTHXjiepiv), 

c6epen> ao 100,000 4>yHT. tvepjiHHroBi b% cToi»ocTfl ero nt^CTpoisii 

H Aocwn T«ro, TTo „Belleropfa(m'' 6h.i% b% aHrjiiftecoirb <|^jK)Tt. ca- 

lUMi noBopoTjraBuifB, jierso ynpasHHum cyxvom, KOTopoe, n<>9T0My, 

leflte Apyriixi Horjio DOABepraTLcn HanaAeiiiim HeflpinTejia. R^ 

c^acriD, MHt yAajiocB AOCTiirHyi% CTOXb ssaiHTeAH^ nepeM^Hu TaicB 

fcotamo, iTo JiHi^a, OTB^TcrfieHHHJi vb cyAOcrpoefliH, ^oaikbu 6ujiii, 

Boopem CB0HM7» cBJiLHUifB DpexpadcyxKaH'B, HaBcerAa orsasarscH otl 

juaawLVh <^OHeHoci(eBi». Bi H^KOTopuKi ciynaJiKib ji ycniji AosecTH 

CBOH ipHHipnu «^e xajte, ho bob aoe He xo rbK% pasMipoBi, sa- 

im a aeiajTB. HasoHem, Haci7aHJ0 spenji, sorAa^ HOBHAHvoiiyi 

cxtiajocb HeiseiaTeiBHuvi* npaBoxvTb moh exHHSiaiie BBrM^u A&Jite 

c^pu seianifl aAHHpaATeiCTBa, h TOfAa h oruaaieji ot% AOJSHocrfl 

ria6Har« cyA^cTpoHTejiJi. Ho b'b 3to speMa vb PoociH oaho jrai^e, co- 

iTBCTBOBaBHiee sdhmi HAeaiix B<b Bucmeft CTenein, xomjuio jicho 

apexHA^o spafiHee pasBHxie drexi HAeft, h vb ycjfoaiax'B cyn^ecTB^- 

BftHifl pyooKaix) 4^jM>Ta Hamio neifloe ocHoaaHie ajm HeiieAJesiiaro 

npiirbHemc mohxi VA-et b% toA spafiHett (j^cpsi, o Roxopoft a hh- 

sorxa He Henajifb. BjiaroAapa Broiiy o6cTOJiTejibeTBy, a moitb t)eroAHx 

ocMtiptTL yase dKOHqe&Hy» aepeyi) nonoB£y, amtbn^yK) aBOM 2500 

TOHn B0A0H8]fftii].eHia, 3ani;HH]^e«H7i) 11-th AK>fiH0B0K) 6poHei>, Boopy- 

<eeHy«> Aayva 28-mh-tohhiimh U-TH-ADftM«eHMH aap^HHMH opyAi^Mir 

HHHlMii^yK) yraydMHie b% boa^ Meffie 13-th ^j/fn; a sasTpa ^yAeTi> 

coyi^eHa aropaa noooBKa, ch «0A0B3Min^Hie»b 3500 tosh^, ci* 6po- 

■^ n 18 HJM 19 AD^MOBli TOjm^HOI), «B ABfMa 40-TOHHUin 12-TH- 

ABfaiOBuia opyAinmi h Cb yrjytfjieHieirb b% boa^ me (k>i*be fiepB^fi 
iioaoBsH. IIpaBAa, hto nonoBSH ne 6ucTpoxoAHua cyAa, no oh4^ h iie 
crpoBiHCb AJia CBopocTH xoAa; ho Kasi soeHHua cyAa, eocanqa CTOjn> 
nocryB ((poHD ■ tfojiBHiia opyAi^, npH usLXOfm yrjiy6^HiH vb boa^, 
oBt ipeAeraBjaDn orpoMHUtt aHvepeci h BiitoT^ doiuDoe SHa^eme. 
XjMi a yBasajnb aa xd^cHyio OBaaib apoacKoacAGHia noaoiMMBi cb HAeaaa 
DocrpoliH 6poHeBocAeB2> no mohvb HepTCsaifB, saR'B la aTO nacroft- 
^w ysadmaen h BHi^e-aAHHpajrii DofiOBi, ho cnpaBeAiHBOCTb Tpe6y<erB 
cttsm, ^10 DfdKpacHufi cnooa6'B nocTpoftsH noaoBOsi eexB pesyaL- 
nn reiLRo ero ca6cTBe]iHux'b HAet h TpyAa, ocyiBjeerBjeHHux^ h 

MMWHHilX'B He VOaBKO HpH HOMOOPE cnoco6Hux% MOaOAUXl Oij^I^e- 

pon, HasHawBHim b& aeicy no ero Bii6opy, ho Tasne npa coaM- 
cnii o4^ai^epoB& HHaojiaeBeaaro aopxa, CTpomBniHX'b dTS cyAa. do 
wnaaiH ote^aro ocaorpa hodobkh ^HoBropoA'b'', irai noaasaaH odo- 
co6i AittCTBia ea 6oaBmiiMH 28-mh-tohhiiiih ll-TH-AnftiiOBUMH opy* 

Xi<V, CTOafl^HMH »L OAHOfl OTSpUTOk HeoOABHSHOft 6aa[H^ H ^JIM 

TBpaaMHia sasAUirB TasHirb opyAieirb Tpe6oBajocb toji»ibo 7 ^eio- 
^ npaeiyrn. IIpHonoco6aeHia ^a sapasaHifl, BABHrama a otoabh- 
luii, ooBuaieHia, noHHaseflia ■ HaaeAeHia dvaxob opyAi& OTaHiaiOTca 
stttttieibBoft npocTOTOft a o6eaoewBax>rB BosMOSHyio osopocTB naaBtfu 
^ waob. npH dTom a aaai^HJii oaho na^ecTBO, o6aaAaexoe dTHMH 
^TXiaxa a aoroparo ntTm y Hannixi opyAift bo BpaH^^a>u]^xca 6aia- 
ux^ a aaeHHe: 6yA)fU m> cocxoauia, ho;i.o6iio aaamaii opyAinii'b, 
cip&us no napaaaejLBfiiM'b HanpaBaemaM^B, aasAoe ndi> opyAitt na 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



344 B^ams'b ibpohh. 

nonoBK^ MOseTi A^ficTBOBaTB HesaBHCHMo OAHO orb Apyroro bo Bpeiu 
npHi^'i^HBaHU, Tasi ^to bth opyAifl MoryrB 6utb HaB03,HMU, vb hsb'Ict- 
EUTb npeA'&iax'B, fla pa3Hue npeAMem. IIonoBKa «HoBropoxi»^ Enievh 
mecTB BHHTOBUxob ABHraTejiefi, npHBOAHMUX'B B'B ABHseHie napajueiL- 
HUMH BajaMH, no TpH Ha RasAofi CTopoei cyAHa, h, 6yAy^H cHaCseea 
CHJBHUMi pyjeifB, A^fiCTBieM'B ROToparo nonoBsa Bpau^aeTCJi o^eoh 
6ucTpo, OHa, wh cjyqai Hec^acrui C!b dTHMi pyjieiTB, ohobhaho, Mosen 
OHCHB jerso h 6hctpo Bpan^aTBCH noMOiip»K) oahhx'b bbhtobi. Jl^a npi- 
BeAeHifl Vb ABHseHie h a^a ocTaHOBXH Tpex'B bhhtobx, cb npaBoft h 
CB jfiBOfi CTopoHu cyAHa ycTpoeni oco6Hfi annaparB, cb npHBOAaMH 
B'B xasAofi Hd'b mecTH ota'^jibhux'b xaniHHi, xaa^B hto oahhi h&io- 
B^R'B xoaserrB coBepBiOHHO CB060AHO H jierso ynpasjjiTBca hmh no 
CBoeny sejami). noMim^eme na ^HoBropoA^** a^a 0(t)Hi^epoB'B h so- 

XaHAEI A^fiCTBHTeJIBHO OHOHB XOpOIHO, 0C06eHH0 eClH npHHflTB BO BHI- 

name, ^to no csoefl hh8ko6opthocth nonoBBa npHnaAi^esHTB B'B thhj 
MOHHTOpoB'B. 3to npocTopHOO uoMin^enie AOCTHrnyTO noMon];i>D nai76- 
H0& HaACTpoflBH, BOTopaa wb HOCOBofi HacTH o6pa8yeT'B 6aB!B h npo* 
CTHpaerca no cpeAnni cyAna ao Kopuu. Jl^ase Ta qacTB noifi^n^eHia, 
ROTopaa naxoAHTCii hhso 6poHeBOfi najiy6u, ^pesBuqafiHo xopomo 
ocB^m^aexc^ h BeHTHjapyexcji, Bo-nepBux'B, noMoui;bK) 6ojkmHX'B nai)6' 
Huxi jiDROBii, ycTpoeHBuz'B BHyTpH H RpyroiTB HenoABHSHoft 6amsH, 

H, BO-BTOpUXl, nOCpeACTBOM'B najy6HUX'B HJIJUOMHHaTOpOBX. Bo Bced 

BHyTpeHHefi nocTpofisi cyAna, vxb tojlbro ho hm'^jocb HaAo6HOCTH vb 
nenpoHHi^aeMUX'B aja boau OTA'^jeniflxi h nepe6opRax'B, BesAi no* 
Tpa^eno xnoro TpyAOBi h ncRyccTBa na ycTpofiCTBO j^rob'b ma bos- 
MOSHO CBo6oAHaro o6fBjnfiEia h pacnpocTpaneHlji BOSAyxa h cslTa. 
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H na o6uRHOBeHHux'B cyAaxi. 

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cyAOB'B AJia PocciH, a nanoMBK) BaifB tojibro oOb oahom'b xapaRTopnoirb 
cofiuTin RpuMCRofi BoflHU 1854 — 1856 roAOBi. jlHi^am, uouBamM^ 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHHKi. — noMABA r. Pi^ b-b poccno. 346 

wm, HiBOTopue cnpocaTB, xaRie maHCu Ru^wyph py ecsie spyrjnie 6po* 
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181 Beixi cyiuecTByDii^Bxi TenepB CHCTeirB nocxpoftRH cyxoBi, Rpyr- 
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ni^DTb Kpyrjufl, nenpoHHi^aexufl Aira boau nepe6opKH, HAyupa cosep- 
meHflo spyroMi Bcero cywa bt» HftkoTopoifB pascTOJiHiH otb 6opTa, h 
ecjH AajiBHiftinee passBTie TapaHHUx'B ynpasHemft h MHHHaro ji^ijSL 

UOKMJTb^ HTO dTO paSCTOAHle MOSBT^ 6UTB CB OOJBSOK) yBefflHeHO, 

TO ijui dToro He npeAcraBjiflercjaL hh Majiiftinaro saxpyAHeHJa, h Aaase 
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^aeMa^o aja boau OTA'^JieHiji, naTOHaa otb 6opTa, h TaxBirB o6peaowh 
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lu en^e flpa6aBBM'B, hto bi» cjynai HaAo6HocTH Ha nonoBai, 6j[aro- 
Aapa ea MajiOMy yrjy^jieHiiD, 6poHD mosho hocbtb h btb ea noABOAHoft 
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lame na dXH cyAa npn AaJiBHifimeiTB pasBBxiH 6poHeHOCHaro cyAO- 
crpoeiui. 

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oonrb ABa BHHTa snaHBTejiBHo 66jBniapo AiaHerpa, "Awb ocxajiBHiie, h 

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ABa cyAHa, a na iiejuu)BOABi stb ABa BHHTa 6yAyTi> ocTanaTBCA vb no- 
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Ilocii cnycsa xu nocbTHjiB HOBuft MopcRoft PocnBTajiB, b'b rotopomi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



346 B^GTIHK'^ IBFOm. 

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^) Avfops onaitiaefoi: Mb Itacejaarl oboao 75 Tiic« oiiMxeft* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHUi.— ooM^iu r. piAi vb poociD. 347 

peMOHBiai nosepTROiaaiiuni pop#xonnn o6iiBavejrei. Be^pom 6ujFb 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



318 BfiOTHHSl XBPOnU. 

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6poHeHOci(i „ Vanguard*^, drorb o^^Hi^epB bb nocjiiAHee Bpexa saHH- 
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HOCHUxx cyAax!b noMn'b cs hx^b npHcnocotfjemaMH, h a, ne Roie6xflCB, 
xory CRRsaTb, wo eicy yAajocb b^ droirb cjiyqai AOCTHrnyTB doxbiDHX'B 
yxy^meHifi, h hto ycTpofiCTBo homhobuxb HpHcnoco6jeHii na HiKoro- 

pUXl Hdl^ CTpODH^HXCa TOUepB pyCCRHXB (pOHOHOCI^aX'B, B'B TOlTb VMCji 

H Ha BTopoft nonoBRi, npeACTRBarb AORasaTexBCTBa BeeBna SHa^TeA- 
Haro nporpecca vb dToft BasHoft ^acTH cyAocTpoenia. Ha CTOJit, y ko- 
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(k)jibiHHX!b opyAifi. «& BHHMaTejibHo pascMOTp^fb ^epreiRH btofo cTBHRa, 
H Haxosy, ^TO oh7» He tojebro ho ycTyaaerb, ho 6yAevb lyqmifl hsi 

Be6X!b BHA^HHHXl MHOD nOA06HUX% CTaHROBIi. ^0 OTTbtBAa Hooro Ha 

npoHLioft HOA^Jii HBi Ahfjoh, a BCTp^THJTb ROpatiejibHaFO HHsenepa 
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aexisHaro AOBa a^a HaROjiaeBa, ROToputt 6yAeTfb erpoHTbca no ^epre- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHHRi. — nowiXKA r. veil b'b poooid. 849 

sam rr. Kiapsa h GTaHc4»Hj£;(a, cjsfbAMmmvh yse TavB mhofo ais. 
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Ha ^axhwkftmii marB no tomj ase HanpaejeniBD. F. Tjxsewbj okoh^bbi 
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CrpOHTB HHeHHO flCeJltSHHe AORH, ROTOpue HbryTB 6hTB HBirfaHJieMU 

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lu npoAOJisaeM'B hath cTapim'B nyxeirB, hoa'b pyROBOACTBOHi Boen- 
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H Bce, cA'i^jiaHHoe naMH bi btomx OTHomeniH, coctohtb tojbro bi 
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H xeHBra HanpaBHJiH na nocrpoflRy seji^naro xoRa. 

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lonHCHBaTB :^o hhcbmo yace bb HepnoM'B Mopi, vji,^ ne Bcer^a bosxos- 

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PTcciaro HHsenepa, noAno;iROBHHRa BopncoBa, Roropuft, BMiicrb ch 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



850 BWSRBKb IIHKXIH. 

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B^ MoerpoAB^^ dvoft Bpi^ooerM na boa^ mei^a cy^eenyiyrB 6poHeH6Ciiu 
H •eo6efiao nonoBsir? Tmio Ttuie a m inmirmba) — noieiry Bpiaecri 
dora crpoiTCJE HMesHO nich, jb,k% Kan eeiH 6u mh^ opHmioeb tra- 
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ujoHifl? H sojaraH), ^to ecjH 6u pycecie bo epeMA spHMCRoft boIhu 
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Oco6eHRO saifib^iaTejibHa oahb oeo66RHoeTb aroft cRcreHH ycTpoltCTBa, 
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npoBeAORROft TRRRXi o6pa80Mi, HTO Rocji sBSAaro Buerp'&ia orb te- 
n^RTb AJR HOBaro aapRAa no pejibcaM'b CRapaA'B R Raprys^ RS'b Ropo- 
xoBoro norpe6a, samRRi^eRHaro otii BUcrp'kiOBi. Bci MexaHRRecRiR opB- 
cnoco6jeflia ajir npHBOAeHiR vh flfkieiBie aroro craRsa xora r 6iub 
OROH^eHU, RO RaxoARJRCb en^e bi TaKoirb bra^, tto Rb HacroRR^ee 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBi.— nraSXSJL r. FIAA B'B POGGIl). 351 

Bpeiur HexBSfl B'ipHO cyAHTB peayjiETaTaxi; rkm He ueaie nparra* 
qeeiie idab, xase opn HacTOJiiueMi HeeoBepnieHHOBrb bka'6 bc^i'b spn- 
ciroco^jieHift, ciyMiK)TB xaTB AOJrsHjK) noxBajry droHy cnoeo6y. 

BoaBpaTHBiHHCB c* 6epera na «XTy ,9jB6opy(yB", hh yBHxaiH wo- 
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zuaeB B'B naM'B cb xopomBm xoxom, ynpasjiBJiCB rB BCKyccTBOirB 
caioi He^ojiBBioft saHOHepBH. Tasi rbk'b „9j[B6opy(rB" o6jiaAaen jy^- 

meO CBOPOCTBD XOABi TO MU BCBOpi OCTaBHJIH flOBOBBy SBaHHTeJBHO 

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mi „3jB6opyc'B'', npMBaaan BOMBHAHpy axTU o6oftTH KpyroMi „Hob- 
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peso BecBMB noHBTHoe jiK)6oniiiTCTBO BAMHpajia B'B CBoeMy coaxaBiD, 
axra npoAoasaja CBOt nyTB ABJ'&e no HanpaBjieniK> B'B GeBarroQOJi). 
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iiBHU MU, BOne^HO, He MOrJH BHAi^TB, HO BJfl^BO MOSHO 6hjI0 JieFBO 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



352 mcTEEOi'b iBPonH. 

CTon se rposHHiTB, ksri ^joto coexHHeHHHe 4^ioth HHKorxa ho ftmst 
THBajH Hax'B HHiTB CBoeft CHjoj; HO, oxHEKO, noM,ottjs,a Ki tfepery en^e 
6jHse, Mu xopomo pascvoTpi^jiH ocTaejieHHue na Hen's cjiiw 6ox- 
6apAHpoBaHift. He6ojibnrafl 6aTapeir BojroxoBa, npHHHHHBHias Tas^B mhofo 
Bpe^a HamHiTB cyxaifB bo speMJi Bofinu, He ocraBHJia no ce6i hhu- 
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6yxTo^Ra]fH h raBanjiMH, xota saHHvaerB BecBHa 6ojBnioe npocrpaH- 

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CesacTonojiB (tb cefiqacib yKasanHofi to^bh s^imia, 

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H BOTopaa BexeiTB vb ropoA'B npesi BOJiOHHaxy, a TaRse yBpamaDnpa 
ee npeBpacHUA craTyn h ^Ba saiieHHHxrB ^jBBa, nopaisaDrB BacrB cbohmi 
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BsrjAA'B HeBOJBHO ocTanaBJABaercA na HarpoHOSAeHHUxi paasajraHaxi 
BOJiHBOxbnHaro SAaniji, wb botopoitb npe»Ae noH^n^ajcji Mopcsot 
jLxj&b. SaTiH'B, Byxa 6a bu yse hh HanpaBHjiHCB no ropoxy — no 
BepxHHiTB HjiH no HHSHHiTB OFO yjHi^airB, — B£i 6yAeTe HATH cpeAH onyc- 
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HRBaena cb GeBacTonoJieH'B hh no o6niHpHocTH, hh no rpaHAiosHOCTH 
BHAHMaro paspymeHia. Ecjni bu nocHOTpHTO na ropoA'B cb BaBOft-jra6o 
H3i BUCorB, na BOTopuxi 6bi;i'b pacnojroseHi^ CeBacronojiB, to Bam 
npeACTaBHTCH y2Bacav)nUfi bha^, BOTOpufi npeBSo&AorB Beb BaniH oam- 
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Bo MHoroiTB HSH^HATBCfl B'B jiy^meHy pecTaBpHpoBanieiTB CTaptix's 
3;(aHift, coopyacoHieMii hobhx'b xpamsi h i^epBBeft, nocTpoftBOD roc- 

THHHHI^'B H SHJUIXl AOMOBl. Mflt FOBOpHJIH, ?T0 P. Ra3H, HHH'iniHit 

ropoACEoft roJiOBa, 6yAyqH qejiOBiBOMi CoraTHMi, a rjiaBHoe, ^5)e3BH- 
qattHO cnocotfHuiTB, CB 6ojiBniHirB SApaBuirB cvhcjiohx h dHepriett, 
piniHJCii npHHisnrBCA sa HancBop'bftniee o^Hn^enie h B03o6HOBjeHie 
HiBOTopux'B raaBHUTB yjiHi^; ho npH 9tohi A'i^ficTBHTejiBHO CTpanuo 
HOAyMaTB Naccaxi pasBajHffB, otb Boropux'B HaAO 6jjifiTb 0CB06a* 
AVTB ropoxi. Ha caMoft BosBumeHHoft ibcth ropoAa coopyseni, Ha 



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ejUH XOtipOBOAHHTB DOXepTBOBamft, HajCb MOrHjaVH HSBiCTHHZrb 

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n cnA^ HeHSB^^Hom y naeb vh Ahtjui, ho ^esBuqafiHO BpacH- 
Bom, CBoeo6pa8HC»rb h copasNipHON'b bo bc6x!b ^aerjixi. Tasse Ha 

X0(pOBOJBHlI4I HOSepTBOBaHUE CTpOHTCA Xpyroft, TaKOft SO BeiHROJ^H- 

hhA xpan Cb. BjnxHidpa, Kb He6oj[BnroirB pascroAHiH orb GesacTO- 
nou, Ha MopcKOifB 6epery, Ha T0M:b caMom uicrk^ n% xaBi roBO- 

pHTb HCTOpU, BeiHRifl RHflBb BjaAHMip'b npHBJUTb, Kb AOCATOlfb B^R^ 

xpHcriaHCKyD Bipy. npofoaBi> neiiHoro no ropo^y, mh (T.-e. a^^iui- 
pan nonoBi h a) OTnpaBHJHCb R!b ifbcTy 6uBOiaro Majiaxosa Ryprana, 
I SAicb, oojibsyflCb yRasaniflMH h o&bacneBunm axMBpajra, npHHHMaB- 
laro CTOiL A^b^srexbHoe y^aciie bi> RpuM croU boAhI RaRi na Mopt, 
Ttffb H Ha cynii, & uon> xopomo nodnaROMHTbca cb o6n](HMH o^epxa- 
Hiuui nojeft HaH6ojite HaetcTHux'b cpasenifi, o Roropax^b noApo6HocTH, 
too6mfiBB£UL MHt* TyoTb SO Ha M^cri, B036ysAaH>i*b jsfi CHX'b nopi 
iBBOTpenen^ynUft HHTepeci. DoToirB uu ocMOTptjra nicronojoseHie 
4-ro tecTiOHa, saHHuaBmaro caiiHft dshhA npex^^Jrb pyccRHXx. yRpin- 
lemt H, TaRHiTb o6pa80Mi, a uorh xonojiHHTb CBoft o6^^ft o68op% 
pjccsix'b ao^BniA h caMUxi naBHUxi nyHRTOBi, OTRyxa coDSHiui 
BolcKa BejiH CBOD ocaxy. Teri reri noroxa bo Bpeiui no'i^AKH CTOAia 
Becuia lopomafl h Acnan, to mosho 6wk> lerRO pascMorp^Tb ne tojbro 
noe saMlHaTejbHke nynRTU, RaRi rjaBHyn RBapTHpy jopxa PanaHa, 
BHKepMaHCRiR BHConi, riaBHUA ^paHi^yscRia h anrjificRiA 6aTapeH h 
J^Mu^yscRoe RjaAfiH^e, ho TaRse TaniA noApo6HOCTH, rrr'b aHrjiflcRia 
fpaumeH Buepejm PeAana; npH^eifb, oxnaRO, na^o saiftTHTb, hto orrb 
BpeieHH H uyxeniecTBeHHHROB^b, 6epyn](Hxx c% co6od na naiiaTb mho- 
lecTBO pasHaro poAa MejncHxrb npeAMeroBik, — bc^ ci^ah Tix'b no- 
Jefti Ha ROTopux^b ApajTHCb H rpoMHjra Apyi*b Apyra xpa6piie bohhu,— 
HaHHHaiKrb fiiicrpo HsrjiasHBaTBCff. Brb ^nyreBOAHTejii no PocciH**, 
isjuiHHOirb r-iTb Myppeft 0^ npenpacHO onHcanu set 9th Micra, h 
oodToiiy a He 6yAy 6ojiie HHqero fobophtb hh o CeBacTonojt, hh 
^ ero AOCTonpaiiiqaTejibHiixx ORpecTHOcrax'b. Ho, rbwh ne Nento, 
BCAsa H6 ynoMAHyTb, hto RasAUft Hdi noc^THTejiefi 9thxx Micrb 
Be Boaen ne BUsecTH orcDAa caHHxi TaxejuL'b Bne^aTjinift o6rb 
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ttmxhy ^To Ha AByx-b cMesRHxi RjiaAfiHni^ax'b, ROTopiie moirho ysnaTb 
KiJUUH no oHpaMHAaabHOft i^epRBH, CI RpecTOHSb na caHOM'b aepxy, 
QorpeteHo 6ojidbe 100,000 ^eJlOBiKb pyccRHxi, yfiHTUxii bo BpeMA 
"CaAH CeBaexonoju. OahoA dToft i^HiJ^pu 6iuo 6u AOCTaxo^no ^la 
foro, V0611I HM^Tb noHHTie ^ECjii aM,epb h nyjb, BunojHHBniHxrb 
3oe easHawHie. Ho, oAHaRO, ^hcjo dro hhhtoirho, cpaBHHTejibHO c^ 
f^ ROJU^ecTBom pasnaro poAa cnapHAOKb, RaRoe 6hao fipomeno 
^ODdHBxaiiH Bi MHorocrpaAajbBiift CeBacTonoJib. ^to6u cociaBHTb ce6% 
tOTfl cttCoe HOHHTie 06% dTOifb ROJU^ecTB'b CHapaAOBi, a Mory co- 
cjiTbCJi Ha TOTb ^aRTb, HTO pyccRoe npaBHTejn>CTBO, no oROHqanui 

n>HliCROft BOfiHH, npOAOCTaBHAO MftCTHIJlll^ SHTeJAM'b C06HpaTL Kb 

^^^BacTonoii H ero ORpecTHoernx^ ocrojrh 6om6i, aa^P^, Rapre^ 
I opoq. Cb Tiwb, TFo6u sa RasAuft nyA% co6pafiHaro MOTaua, npesAe 



^) Handbook for Rosia, by Mr. Murray. 

Ton L— Hhbapi, 1876. 23 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



854 OWrflHB'b IBPODH. 

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arofi Aopora baoju> dshoA 6yxTU noTpe6oBaiocB vapurh h BfiiBesTS 
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pejiBCOBi Ha npoTAseniH nown 15-tr BepcTi»! Ecjh xase mh npHM^n 
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HaBjniBaTBCH baojb o^eHB AfflEHoS Ha6epesHott. R yase cKasajTB BHme 
^To AO HacToamiaro BpeMenH CeBacronojiB 6ujrB HCBjro^HrejnbHO tojbkI 

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ero BOMMopqecBHM'B nopTOM'B, 663% Hero orb, Bone^HO, HHSorxa hi 
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6aHBa y»e otbpuje cboh oxA&ieflia bi CeBacronoji. Tasse npECTya 
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mioBtet, A HHCKOJiBio HO yAHBjADCB Bceotfii^eHy jcb Heicy AOB^pil). 

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xopomo RonyppepoBaTB cl OAoccoft. TenepB mu pascnorpHM^B, ht6 mo- 
xen npoBsotoH cb omycRHUMH TOBapaMH. Bi dTOM:B ciyqad^ mosho 
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AiBeia, wb 4rJ% h 5-th muaxi ora Mapiynoja, on 10-th ao 16-th 
iiitt (fPb Taranpora. Bcj^ACTBie TaRHxi He6jiaronpi8THux'B ycAOBiflY 

28* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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noBxy, en^e pa3i» ocMorpi^jra ee aobojibho noApo6Ho^ ofioiHjn cb bw 
RpyroM'B 6yxTH h npn btoitb npoHBBOJH h^croibro HcnHraHift hbai^ ea 

nOBOpOTJnBBOCTBD, A^fiCTByji HJH OAHHlfB pyjiOlTB, HJH OAHHMH BHHTaiTH, 

HJH pyjioiTB BM^crt CB BHHTaMH. RpyTjiaA $opMa cyAHa ao TaRoft cre- 
noHH 6jaronpMiTHa aia hobopotjhbocth, vto ^HosropoA^" ohohb jwbo 
noBepnyTB na oahoitb MtcTi co CRopocrBX), Roropaji mosotb upossr 
bocth roJOBORpysoHie, npsqeiii ee mo2rho ho tojuro ror^acB se ocra- 

HOBHTB, HO nOBOpHyTB, B'b CJry^% HaA06H0CTH, Bi o6paTHyK) CTq[K)Hy. 

nocjrib Toro, RaRi a ycn'£ji% nanncaTB 9th crpoRH, nu ornpaBH- 
JHCB cna^ajia jvb MonacTHpio Cb. FeopriA, pacnojoxeHHOHy Bib He6oi&- 
niOM% paBCTOSHiH 0T% BajiaRjiaBii.Ha BejniROJiimHoft MicTBOcnr, boski- 
niaDni;e&ca hotth na 1000 4^yTrB naAi noBepxHOCTBR) Mopfl, a noron 
iipoteaj[H no roiofl ctohh, MHHyA EaAHRoft^ h HaRonei^B npH6iuH bi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHiRi. — ^EMaxsi r. Fixi vb POOCH). S57 

Suttjasy. Eorxa m Bii^besajn wn MOHaenqMr, OMHi^e 6umo yse ao* 
BOUHO HH3K0 E9LM,% ropisoHTOiTb, TtLB^b iTO MU npitiiUH Bi BajauaBy 
Doeji sasaTa coiHita; ho noie daaaiuaBCKoft 6htbii, saifiqaTejbHoft 
lesxy npo^HiTE no repoftcsoft aTraci 600 saeajiepReTOB'B, 6ujio bojihbo- 
liirao ocrtn^eHO noej'bAHHXM j^r^aira saxoAHBinaro cojraiia, sor^a hu 
Bpi6jrHxajHCB h npoissajiH mhmo ero. Ha nyrH vh BajasjaBy^ a ee 
ion yxepsaTBCJi, HecHorpifl na nosAHoe Bpeiui xha, qTo6ii ho nociTMTB 

OPO H9l MHOrHZ^B aHTli&eSHX'b ]UaA6aiQ'B BI aXOft MiCTHOCTH, OSHa- 

xeHOBaBmeAcfl BoeHHUMH AtftcTsiaHH codshux'b boAcki. IIoAOfiAa Ha- 
jTM'B iTB oxHOMy HSi dTHxi sjiaA6HiirB, Ji BomejTb Ha Hero Hpesi bo- 
pira, DpojOMaRHUH bi neBHCORofi 6'bioft erbni^, orpasAann^eft aro 
uui6Hme. no HaxHHCH na opocroirB, pasaajiHBaDiiteMca naiuiTHHKi, a 
jsBajTb, ^TO 8A^b norpe6eHu oif^Hi^epu h coJxaTU, saBiAUBaBniie bo 
epeu BofiHH cyxonyTHoft nepeBoasoft (Land Transport Service). Ha^- 
niCB Ha naifJiTHHsi yse qacTBD CTepjntCB, h h ne coMHiBaDCb, too 
sxiiDHie TaTapu roHanrB na sth mophjiu CBoft CRors ajh nacT6Hn^. 
He^ro yAHBjrHTbCJi TasHirb 6e8nopjiABaM'B na droirb RjiaAfiHnii'b, rx'b 
BOKMiTCH BOCTH HarnHXii cooTeqecTBeHHHBOB'b, nxb Karb TO se caMoe 
A Haiierb h na ApyrHxi aHniftcBHX'b uaAfiHatax'b vb Kptui y, naxdopi 
wmh KOTopHMH npH8HaeTC4i HBjiHniHHirb naniHjrb HpaBHTejbCTfioan». Ti 
Wb HarnHxi uaA6nn]^, soropua HaxoAHTCfl no (Iihsocth pyccKHxi a6* 
peBeHB (HanpRifiipi&, okoio BajauaBCRaro cejema), oxpaHflDTCH pye- 
CNHB ipecTBUBaini; ho uax6HnDa, pacnoJOseHHiu na orapnTHX'b pan* 
iraax^ na cuonaxi ropi h BAajH orb xepeBenb, h soropHa toako 
I MoriH 6h 6uTb oxpaHaoMH nonevenieHrb namero Hapoxa h npaas- 
TeibCTBa, HaxoAaTca 6en scaBaro naAdopa. R ne xoqy dTflifb csasaTb, 
Yro HaAJtesanqg naAsopi na^'b naniHMH uaxfiHU^aiui 6kij[0 6u bos- 
vosHo opraHHBOBaTb <Swb BcasBXi npeABapHTeJCbHUX'b ooo<$paseHifi, 
nn xarb 6ojiie 120 Bjax6Hni'b pastipocaHH na npocTpancTBi Hi- 
cioibBHX'b KBaApaTHEJxx MHJib. HsB^cTHO, ^TO npaBHTOJUCTBO yse sa- 
^arijo NHoria THca^H 4>yHT0Kb crepjHHroKb na yerpoftCTBo h Bcnpaa- 
ieaie huhhxi KpuNCKHX'b uaAfiHnrb, h b% Hacroao^ee apeiia pacxo- 
Xjerb na nz'b 6ojite 5000 4»yHT. crepi..) ho, oxHaso, dfMb ne HM^erca 
HI oxHoro CToposa jua HadiDAenia sa 8tbhh KiaAtfHn^aiiH. ^paai^ia 
«seroxHO pacxoxyem 160 ^ynr. crepjr. xxa npHCxoTpa sa CBOHm 
qHttccnvb sjaxtfHni^irb, h, koho^ho, Anrjoa Mona 6ii eseroAHO sepT- 
lOBBTb 25 Hjra 30 ^yHT. crepji. ua naftMa oTcraBHoro pycosaro cojuaxa 
ui xaBoro*HH6yAb xpyroro AoaipeHHaro jrni^a, KOTopoMy 6hUL% 6u no- 
Pfieffb HaABOpi XOTH 3a HtsOTOpUMH HaSHMH BjaAdHO^aiiH, Ha HCnpaB- 
Jeflie BOTopHxi uu pacxoxyeM^b xase Tenepb croib snaHHTeJbHyi) cyiofy. 
Bi BajatJiaBCBOirb cejiemH oeTajiBCb wb nacroan^ee apeiifl aecbifa 
mraorie npHBHaaH npe^xe eyHi^ecTBOBaBaieft s^iob jiiaTeabHOCTH. SI 
Bon sairbnTb na 6eperarb 6yxTU ToabBO ntcBOjEbao pas6pocaH- 
nn H paaaaaHBaDiKHxca crpoemfi, ocraBnuucii hotoh eAHHCTaen- 
mooi CBHAiTeibCTBaiiA npetfuBania wb droirb He6oibniOMi nopri coK>a- 
nn apiiift h 4»joT0B<b. Becbmt BipoaTHO, vro vb bthx'b cTpoeniax'b 
m xHSHsaxi a Hamejrb 6u mhoto xpyFHXfb yRasaHitt^ ho, bhah Baja- 
utiy Vb vepBHft pas^ a ho MOPb yenorpiTb wtcb Evtero naiioiui- 
BuoQjU'o o npoiueft BOtaiL Kpcmi nedojiBiHOt 6ixHoi A^peaHH, na- 
MeHHcA pBtasaiiH h aeuenaon^aMH, a, pasyMieica, xoaseffb Cuxb 
^m o6pamb cBie BUMame Ha m paiHufi, ho aecbiia «HBonHCHUft bbixb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



358 varfEMKb ttP(«iB. 

Be6omiroft tfyxm, ospyseiiHoft naooBBm ■ emfi 6ojrito Mpawnni ro- 
paMH, cpeAH KOTOpHxi, ch rbnoik cropoHiL, BOSBumaiacB crapiu reayas- 
CBifl 6aiirHH, ocBin^eHHiiA docj^^ahiimb jy^MH noryxaBineft sapn. Miii 
coo^mHjra 8A^B, TTO $paHi^y3CRaii soaoiaHut saBBvaercji o^bctbod 
dyxTV H AoduBBHiafB Beii^eft ci H^BOTopKzrb cyxoBi H TpaBcnopron^ 
aaTOHyBBHix'B wh 6yxTi bo Bpev« ciubHaro mropifa. SoMBaaiH btoI 
xtficTBHTejiBBO jAajiocB xocTaTB CO AHa MHoro pasHux^b Bereft h opex- 
isffrovb H, wh Hucjrb hxi, flicBOXbKO dyrujioBi oTjraqHaro nopr^y. 

"fiXy^H H31> BajaUBBH 06paTH0 B'L OTBpUTOfl KOlfltt^ H StpE JLOJLOl" 

HOHi Be^epneiTb Bos^yrb, a mopb, xota b'b caMofl Majioft creneHH, l^ 
iniraTB na (^6*6 totb xojiox'b, ROTopBift vh canofl Bucmei creneo 

XOjnBHU 6hJIH BHHOCBTB COIDSHHA fiOfiCKB, paCflOJIOSeHHUJI fla pOBBOl 

H OTKpuToft MicTHocTH uexAj B&iauaBOft H CeBacTonoiem. Hcbioh- 
BaeMuft HaMH xojoa'b 6wrb ^pesBuqaftHO pissift h npoHSHTejiiiHHftf cyAS 
no BpeMOHH roAa, Ror^a wb Te^emn aha cojiHeHHue lyiH miiBrb e^e 

jrtTHIOB) CHjy. 

IIonoeKa ,^Ho6^opo^^'^, e^ ^epnojn^ JKypib, 13-ro ORMdpB.—IIxuBfl 
Ha nonoBBi ^HoBropoxi*', a Mory BoeuausoBarbCfl ^tpeBBU^ataHn 
cnoRoftCTBieM'b sroro cy^^na, qTo6u coo6iii;htb Bairb rb BBe^aTjiHii, 
RaRia 611JIE BU8BaHii nepexoxoirb na nonoBR'b hsi CeBaeronoja vh 
GeoAOciv). Ho cnaqajia a xoiseni BRpaxat ynoNaHyrb xoen do- 
(An^eHiH xpoBHaro ropoxa Xepconeea, r^t a (htjh B^iepa xo nepe- 
texa Ha 9Toft nepBoft RSi hooobor'b, Roropuxi^^ Rairb a p^bmaioeB npex* 
oaeaTb, mu yBHXBMrb mhopo^ eejiH HayRa ho OTRaserea otb ynorpe^e- 
Hia 6poHH Ha MopcRHxi cyxaxi. KoHTpi-axHHpajrB IIoDaHAoayao, RaoR- 
TKWh Haxi CesacTonajiBCRBM'B nopTOifL, jK)6e3HO npexiosHji* mh^ ot- 
npaBHTBca mkt'A ci HHiitb na CBoem napoBOMi Rarep-b bi Xepco- 
HecB, Ryxa mh HanpaBHmcB panie hohobrh .HoBropox^**, ^to6u ye- 
n^TB ocMOTp^TB TBiTB HRHfioi^ HHTepecHHa ifbcTa XO ycjOTJieHHaro 
^aca, Rorxa nonoBRa xoisna 6uja noxotTH sb Xepcosecy. Bpax'B jn 
Haxo roBopHTB CB RaraiTB yxoBOJOCTBieii'B a BocnojBBOBUca ctojb 
6jiaronpiaTH£iirB oiy^aeirB, ^to6u nocixHTB oxho hstb caMUX'B saiiiW' 
TeiBHUX'B HeTopH^ecKHxi ifi^crB B'L PocciH. BucaxHBmHCB CB napoBoro 
RBTepa Ha dshhA tfeperB KapanTRHHoft 6yxTii, mi mixoxHjHCB ne 60- 
jie 50-TH casevB orb Toro canaro Mtora, hb botopoitb, xacb roBO- 
pHTi RCTopH^ecRoe cpexanie, BenRit RHasb BiaxHidpi npHsaji Rpe- 
H^eflie. Cna^ajia mu nonuH vb hoboA, en^e crpoDH^eftca AepRBH, vb 
ROTopofi, RBR'b a ysHajii, npexnojiaraerca cocpexoTOWTB h coxpaaRTb 
Bci HaR6ojrte Basmje octbtrh tofo xpana, RoropHft, conacHO itpoxft- 
HiK), ((tfjTb Hocrpoevb cavHH'B BjiaxHMipoifb xJia o6o9HaweHia ifbcn 
CBoero Rpen^enia. Bi^ Hacroaiqee npeira orpain) vb paBBiix'b BHxacB 
iraoro npeRpacHBX'b ocravROBi aroro xpesHaro xpana h xpyraxi obi^ 
tioj'be crapHHHux^B BxaHifi. Octbtbh dtH cotipaeH h paaaoseHU Tea^ 
Bxojb xopoFH, Boxyn^eft ri cocftxHeacy MOHacTbpi), r& ROTopoMy xh 
noTOMi H OTHpasHJHCB. Sx^CB V. IIonaHxonyio npexoraBHjffb Mesa naeroa* 
Tojra) aroro MOHacTHpa, Roroptift 6uwb xo Rpi^Heft creneHH jn>6e9aBb 
H BHHMaTeieffb ro ni. A xojsoh'b npHSHwrbca, «ito aron lejoatefr 
aaHHTepecoBaxb Mena xase 601^ qiwB Mpuiopb, Rpeeru, paunia sax- 
HHCH H xpeBH'bftHria NOHeru, xpanan^ca qx^b^ 'nxb rbtb wb Hexb 
iiponiexniee rapioflHqHO ciHBaioeb ci HacToanpm, k bxo BtipaaBaiocb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — HO^NWU V. PIM Vb POOCH). 859 

n ero erasj^ luaeax^b, KHenxK, ciOBaxi, oxesx^ coBiiicTHo e& 
iHBOCTLD, yHOM'b H BtejiHBocT&i) coBpeMeHoaTD o6pa80BaHHaro pyc- 
ciaro ^MQiiisa. OKknA Kb xJiHHByD 6apzaTHyi> pAcy, cb 6apxaTHUM'B 
le uo6yKoia la roiOBi, ci o6iiRH0BeHHiiMH ^eTBami h oco6aro bhw 
nocosoiTE Bi pyBaan, owl npHHflXb uemi ^pesBiiqafiHO npHB'bTiiiBo h 
paxynreo, ■ TOTHacib se nonen noKasuBaTL mh^ MOHacTupb h ero 
oipeerHOCTB, copaBiiip<« cbod noerynB h o6iflCHeHis (te ycjoBjieHBOD 
ipaisoBpe]i6HHocfr«D Hamero nocimeflia. Oh% HeAaBHo 6a^'b Coxed'b 
I DOBHAHMOMy eii^e ne coad^'b nonpaBHjicfl, ho HHqTO He Morjio ot* 
Bje^B era on HaM^poHiA nosaBaTB ace, ^t6 tfiuo bosmosho npH hb- 
BterHim yejoaixi. CHa^ajia vu ocMorpkiH hobha sapTHHu, yise npH- 
roTOSJeHHiui ua xpaiia cb. BiaAHiripa; hotoitb nepenuH «b Mysett 
xpeBBocfei, etXipaHHuxi bx^b na uicrb, h saT&cB ooahhxhcb Ha 
KiyeeTBeHHyD ropy wm Bypraa^ CToanqA nocpe^H ApeaHaro Kop- 
cyai B o6o8Ha^[ai>ndft MioTO, na botopom!b SHieiH san^n^LiHCb bx 
XpeBBOCTH npoTHVb BoftcBi BexHsaTO BHasfl BjaAHMipa, hjh, 6htb no- 
aerB, pasaajiBHU asmecKaro xpana qerBepvaro CTOJiiiTia; xaaoe hmohho 
H8B Msx'B AByx'B npoAoojoseHift (Soj'be BipoaxHoe, a ne mofb ysQaxB 
a fO^mooiiD, BCJ^bAeraie eitoHOCTH ocMorpa h ofiiacfieHitt. IIoAHHMa- 
ith fla dTOTb BypraH%, uu sairbTHiH, tto aanrB xi)668Hiiifi nyxeaoAH- 
fUh yerajTB ran chxbho, wo AOia^H'B 6ujn o6oauaTB na aepxy ai- 

OEOABO HHHytTB, HTOtfH COi^pBTBCa Clb CHjaMH, H HOTOlfB OWb TOT- 

WB ate npoAOiisaj!B osopo h ropa?o o6xacHaTB HcropHiecBoe seaie- 
me OBpysaBfli^ nac^ m^cthocth^ aupasaacB npH dTOWh nonepeifbHHO 
TO ApeBHe-oepBOBUiirB CJoroirB, to oiiuxHOBeHHUicB pasroBopHuirB 
iWBOMB. Heeifoxpa na to, hto oerb nfm6ujt!b cD^a hs'b Kieaa ToaBSO 
xeiBTB M^ai^OBB HaaaxB, ho ohb ycnijii yse ocTaaHTB aa dxofi m^^ct- 
Boetfl oieamjiMue cAm caoero noaesHaro npHcyTcraia, h ohi* 6^1% 
TiBB Ao6pB, ^ro yaasajTB aaiTB na Bci yeoBepmeacTBoaaHia h nape- , 
rtiH, laaia 6iuh npoHBaexeHU HMrB nicb, a HiieHHo: rjii pasBeAeHx 
HOBid cBAif TM,i ycrpoeaa Toppaca, vMi AiTBik j^ohi, rj^i aynaiBHa, 
TAi orpuvB fiOi'B HJH eTftHft AP^^BHiflmaro Bjiaaia, v^i croarb npo- 
noA xpeen „la source du moiide, la source d'Adam*", aupasaacB 
(ynajBHO eJoaaiiH aamero M^oiporovo npiaTeja. Korj^a ohi npoHSHO- 
on 9TH cjioaa, a saNftTHjrB oeotfuft 6xecvb b% ero apxHxx, BHpasH- 
fuuiix& Pxasax'B, h npoHcxoxvao xf 9to on peiHriosHaro Hacrpoe- 

Ua HJH OTB XPyrOft OpH^HHH, MWb 6UJ0 TpyXHO HO TOXBXO OOpOA^ 

on, BO Aase AoraMTBoa, T^iitb 6ox!be, hto ao chx'b nopB en^e ae 
tto6pfaeHi cnexi¥0CX0fli>, cb noiioiiu»D xoroparo hosho 6ujlo 6u pas- 
ttntB piaaHoft ci^tb hb coeraBHua ero ^acra h onpoA^aTB ero dxe- 
>eini. Dpaojia, «it6 a ne Mory anoxHi dphhhpbtb btofo o($iacHeHia 
e BpoaexomxeHiH Ajcaiia («. Adam's origin'* cooraftTcrveHHO „la source 
d'Adam'') » ApyranH Hcxops^ecBaMH caasaBiaiiH, bo a nepeaosy hjh 
leraiaoauaaD HeaeHua a Toiuuia ificra cioai a o6!BacHWitt aaaiero 
xpjra TiM%^ aTO Haxosy (Sox&e oneBHAHUMB h B'bpoaTHUMi^, Tiwh 
(ojrte, 9S0 vb wBBowb cxyiaft a yatpevB, hto aanrB jiDtiesaufi xpyrx 
aewn j^MTftavEB mA ywBOMbCTme m yAoaxeTBopeHie bthitb o6mcm* 
■ten, xaKB a aootaie aeteB oeraxBHuin cbohitb paBcaaBom. Ho vb 
ivo apeva Bam oduauui o Dpfl6uTia nonoaaa ^HoeropoA^*, Ha xotoh 
pofe apencToajo ca&uvcb nopoaoft nepexoA^ aii 120-tb mhxb^ h nodroMy 
ut BBAO 6uM0 pascnucn cb jaKieaaHMx nyTeaoAHTexeirB^ cb koto- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



860 Bwms'L iBPonii. 

pinr& 41 naxtocB Bcrp^bTKncs en^e sorxa*HH6yxB ■ o xofopom ii,io- 
Heroo, 6yxy BenoMHHaTB eh yBaaenieifi. 

nocjii BHEMaTaiBHaro o6cysji;eHiA, a npHssan sa jiyvBee otio- 
SHTB CBOH sav^^aHiii nonoBR^ „HoBropoA'B" xo oimraffiris niasaHifl 
Ha Heft, H TRVh saKi vh HacTOAnnee Bpeiuar noHOBsa naxoxHrcfl la 
o6paTHOM'b nyTH h3i OeoAOciH vb ^fljnry, hjhiba bt> SHaqHrenHOiTE pas* 
CTOAHin Bxojb DSHaro spiiMCBaro 6q)era h HCOEmiBaa nps drom ro- 
pasxo 66ibmyK> 3u6i» h BOoraeHie, ^im na npe^'BHAyn^em nyrn bb 
OeoAOciK), TO & nosBOJD npofiTH en^e H^KOJBBHin& qacavB, npes^e 
^im 6yxy tobophtb o cbohx'b EB6jaoAefdxrb nan noaoBBon. llojnsj- 

4ICB dTHMH CB06OAHUMH ^acaMH, A HaM^peHl COOtin^HTB BaVB H^BOI&KO 

HHTepecHmi saMiwHifi ropoxi OeoxodH (npesHjr^ Ea(i>a). Canst 
xpeBHift rapox^ cyn^ecTBoeajrE sxtcb sa HicsojibBa cvox^biift xo P<wie- 
CTBa XpHCTOBa, HO Vb Xin-m crojiibTiH oxh^b renydaei^ ocHOBun 
Saij^y H B08BHCHJ% ee xo ii^B'&TyHi^aro cocTOJiHiji. Topox'B xenepB npex- 
craBjuerB camu HHrepecHua h asHBonHCHUH pasBajiHHiii yBpinjemft, 
BOToptix 6ujm H'bKorxa coopyseHii axikCB, Buicri ci apMaHCBOi) iiep- 
ROBES) opHPHHajibHaro HapysHaro BHxa. R% ropoxy npejieraeirb 6oiBnni 
xepeBHfl HU KBaprajnt, HacejieHHuft iq^uiiCKHiai TaTapMiH. FopoxB 
dToiTB npexcTaBjATb XJU MeHA oco6eHHi]ft HHTepecB, sasi ir&cro pos- 
xeniji H npetiuaaHUi r. AttBaBOBCsaro. Roho^ho/ & ne Mory roBopm 
ci» BaBHM'b-jH6o aBTopHTeroiTb no droicy npexvery, ho, no Moeny xHi- 
Hii>, BapTHHu r. AftBaaoBCsaro mmiiOTh xb^ rjiaBHinc^ oco6eHH0cnt, 

BOTOpiIX'B H^Tb y 601bHIHHCTBa aHrjOftCBRTb XSHBOnHC^eKb; a roBopD 

o&b H3o6paseHiH Biasaoft aTMoc<|>epH % iiBin He6a npH passHXi 
ycjiOBiflxii. Hsi XBopeft Moeft Kas)Tii, bi^ soropoft a nHoty aTo obcuio 
noHTH Bi noJxeHB, fl BHsy ropy Meranovb h pBXi xpyrex'b yrecE- 
CTHX'b H o6p£iBHCTiirb BOSBUHieHHOCTeft, TXHyHtHzcH Bxoib tfepora. Bet 
dTH ropii noBpHTH TOHKHiTb cJoeiTb ctparo napa, Koropaft crjnsHBaen 
B&k pisBiA oqepTBHiji, CMArqaerb jipBoevb CBira h rycroTy Tineft, h 
Fb TO ise BpeMfl, ciHBafl Bce BMicrb ch oxpysaDi^ei) noBepxHOcnD 

MOpfl, npHXBOTl BOeft KapTHHi Heo6EIBHOBMHyD HftSHOCTL H SpaCOTf. 

Bi dToiTb OTHOmeHiH a ho SHaio hh oxnoro sHBonncQa, BoropuA ion 
6u paBHBTbCJi r. AftBasoBCBOMy no noHHHaniK) npeiecTH TaKHXs bbxobi 
H no xyxosecTBeHHOCTH BocnpoHSBexenia vx% hb KaprHH^. SI bhx^^ 

H^BOTOpUH H8% OFO 60JbniRXrb SapTHffb, Ha BOTOpUTB HSOtipaMflH 

TOjnso M(q>e H He6o Cfh htb TyMaHHOD aTMOCcfwpoK), npHH6ii% o6jaia, 
BOJHU H MopcBaa una to cjuBaDTca, to orri^HaDTCfl TaKHm pasHO- 
o6pa3ieHi h dciiocTbi) Bpaeoirb, qro 41 ne yxHBraM^ Tin jmai^ 
soTopHfl c^HraDTTb CBoeB) o6jidaHHOCTiB) He HaciasxaTbCJi Hxeeft h 
HcnoiHeniarb bi^thhh, a, npHXipaacb vb irojio^airb, cpHTHBOBaTb i 
yxaBUBaTb na Hapymenie BasoHOVb HcsyccTaa eo cropoHH r. AftBasoB^ 
csaro. Ha H^aoTopuxs BapTHHax% Toro se poxa, Kpoxi Mopfl h B6(Sa, 
HpexcraBjiteHH BaBifl-HH6yxb ocraTSH ot% BopafiiespynnBHUi, Hftflp^cio- 
xaHHafl Ma^ra, pex hjh BUDUKa, eh yxBarHBKHicHCB sa hhxk jnoxuiii 
M Bce dTo H3o6paaB6eo (Tb xapasTepiiCTHqeoBoi) cBoeo<ipa8HOCTb» BpacoBi, 
CBoftcTBeflHui'b TOibBO reHiauHoft KHCTH r. AftBasOBCBaiH^ BOTopiift xtft* 
tTBirejbHO Henoxpasaev^ vb aromb poxt SHBOmCH. 9xibcb < xojnMR 
BBM tTHTb, ^iTo HaoDi aHFj^ftcBie xyxoMHaBH, raBopji Boo6mei Kaxo ByreMe- 
CTByDTi, a noTOMy ne OTjni«ai>Te< hh nomoiaHieif^ waoorftauaa'b tsf 
coKb, HH BHaiOMCTBOKb cb ^[yaD68einaocH sa^taraifH npipoxH* ycMB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHflKi. — nossxKA r. PHAi B'B pocch). 861 

ne njiim sHrjdftciaro jiaHxina({>Ta, mri 6u vbpao ohh hh ssotfpa- 
lan Hameft npHpoxH^ nsorM He MoryrE BnojiHt nepexaTB bha^h- 
HBn MHOD sjifbch BapTHH'B HE Mop'6 H Ha cyioA, a Tim MeH'be 
uympb eranercKOft npHpo^H. Bnpo^eirE, wh qecTH r. Masi-Eyjrjena 
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muoL ecrecTseHHO ne MoserB HpaBHTBCA orpoMHOMy 6ojibiiiHHCTBy 
ueHOBTb sopojieBCKoft asaAeiriH xyxosecTBi. 

Oeoxocu, RaKE m h CKopo Morjni sairi^THTB, npexcTaBJiAerB iraoro ao- 
ttBtTejBCTVfc npRqrrcTBiii r. AftBasoBCKaro, BHcoKO-ofipasoBasHaro qejio- 
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n WKb caiiyi) HHrepecHyi) h 6oraTyD BoxieKi^iK) MiCTHuxi AOCto- 
npniiv^TejiBHOCxeft, h yapacHjn ero cbohmh pa6oTaMH ci H8o6pa]ce- 
nen sxinnieft npiipoxii h 2bh3hh. Owh Tasse nocTpoHJTE He6oji&iiiyi) 
ueoiHD vh naiunrB dacjiypB pyccRaro renepajia .KorirapeBcsaro. BpA^B 
n njta fobophtb, cfh xaKHirB jii)6eiiUTCTB0H% a bctp^thjica ci r. Aft- 
nsoBeunii, Koropuft JorpiixajrE ki HaM'B xase npesxe^ ^iwb nonoBsa 
yeoiia oraTB Ha awo^h vb GeoxociH. Oh!b OTnpaBHjicji BMicri ci HaMH 
u (eperb, npoBejTB naci no Bceny ropoicyi ^t> soTopOM^ otfiflCHHjrB 
ice naM6oxhe HHrepecHoe, hotoitb BBejrL B'B CBofi aom'b, vjs,i mu HanuH 
puymeoe h nnpoaoe rocrenpimcTBo h hm^jth bobmoshoctb ocMorptTB 
m BOBiftHiiii pa6oTH. KpoMt Toro, ero oco6eHHoe BHHMaHie B'B nan 
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ipiciBaro BpHMCBaro 6epera, ho tojbbo cb r&irB eAHHCTBeHHinfB pas- 
injem on namero njiaBanin na neft, tto BM'iteTO CDOBoftnaro Mopa, 
n icaiiTHBaeii'B TenepB CHjiBHyx) 3h6b ovb Dro^sanaxa. Hsi hob*!!!- 
■m ero BaprHOB n oco6eHHO saHHrepecoBaicJi i"bHH, bi BOTopsncB 
ouut ero TajianTa odHapysBBaercji OAHOBpeiieHHO Basi xyAOsecTBen- 
Hiro KapHHHcra, tbb'b h neftdasHcra, h h AOJxeHB cosnaTBca, ^to vb 
o6oBn arax'B OTHomeHiflxi, necMorpfl na noBTop^eMOCTB cDxera, oh'b 
jrten Ha sasxoft BaprHHi hpohbhtb ca]ro6iiTHOCTB r cHjiy CBoero 
niMTa. J^ase hb He6ojrBnniX'B mopcrhx'b BapTHHsax'B h bb oahoitb 
ui XByx'B neftsasax^ bha^hhhx'b mhod B'B ero aomI, rias^B hobojibho 
uiBiercB TaBHM*B H8o6paseHieii% Be^RqecTBeHHoft h ecTecTBeHHoft apa- 

tam OpspOXil, BOTOpUITB AOJUSeHl ropAHTBCH Jm60fi XyAOSHRVB. 

no HpH6[mH HOOOBBH ^HOBFOpOXIb*' Vh GeOAOClS), ByAB B'&pOBTHO 

ffuo npexBapirejiBHO cootini^eHo o nameMi noctn]:eHin, hu 6iijir Bcrp^- 
WH npR cfhini HB 6eperB ir&cTHiaiR BjacTHNH h OBaii^i^MH oo cro- 
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I wtowb o6f seauLCM ex pyccBOD pt^n vh BAMRpajiy IIonoBy, boto- 
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PfecBit HBipoHajiBHiie nnfni, HiaoTopHe aomb 6iuh yBpamera (j^ira- 
nn^ ■ BeqepoiTB, bofab m nepetoBBjni e'B 6epera na nonoBBy, 6iim 
cwBOBi BpacHBuft ^^epsepKB, d^H^evTB BOToparo en(e6ojrte yBen^H- 
UMu BomarB 6jiecB0ii% lyHN. Ctojb jecTHiitt npievB, oBantHHiit 
vn VB OeoAodH, a bphhhobbbi), Bo-nepBsx'B, Moeiiy SBami) ueHa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



862 nOTHHK'B IBPOUH. 

aHTiificKaro napjaiieBTat 9i bo-btoputb, touj o6cTOSTejBOfiy, iito ojpRh 
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BCHOci^eBi, Be36ysAaK)ii^Hxrb bi> Hacroflii^ee BpenA Bceotin^ee BumaHie. 
SI riwh 6oxie onrbHHBaD pa^yiUHiiie npieiiu, osassBaeiiHe wsb n 
"vepHOHopcBHXi nopraxi, ^to vb aroiTE ciy^at pyccsie npHBtreTByim 
OAHoro H31& iiH0CTpaHii(eBi, cooTe^ecTBeHHHRH ROToparo enie Tan ae- 
AaBHO 6oH6apAHpoBajH hx^b nopTU h Aase npeBpaTHJu b% pasBamiB 

HiKOTOpue H3l HEX-B. 

Bo3BpaTHB]inicB Ha noDOBsy „HoBropoAi>'', Ch i^^jbd ABBHyr&ci 
Bi o6paTHufi nyTB jsjo Sixru^ mi saHfoHjnr, tto 6apo]i6Tpi na^ian no- 
HH3KaTBC4i, ve6o saBOjasHBajiocB TynaiiH, ^iveph 6ucTpo ycHjniBaiefl i 
y»e pasBexB 6oj[Biiioe BOJiHeeie. Taaib sas'B npexcrojiBiiiift utpeMn 
mi MorjiH coBepmRTB b^ b^^^cojibro ^aeuBi, a jumk o^ohb xorljocb 

BHA'l^TB ^HOBFOpOA'B" Bl UO^^ AHeifB, TO aAMHpaJTB IloaOKB ptaUCf 

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CHAICfl Cfb flROpfl B'B 6-TB ^aCOBl yTpa, H B% dTO BpeMA B^^Tepl XOTl 

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DO Bcevy 9epH0Hy Mopx), pasBejTB CHJiBHyx) 8u6b, cb RopoTBini% h le- 
npaBBJiBHUM'B BOJiseHieirB, Taxi ^to o6cTOATeiBCTBa 6iuh ?pe3Binidb» 
6jiaronpijiTBUji, qTo6jbi nonoBxa Morjia o6HapysHTB cboh sanecna vb 
iiop'6. Ha STOM'B nepexo;it ottb OeoxociH xo Hjtu flam dpbxoxhjioc& 
orH6aTB BEicoRie oCpiiBBCTse micu, xajrexo BiiAaioiEqeca vb inq^, i 
BCJii^ACTBie SToro nonoBRi^ naxo 6uji0 SHa^irrejBHO H8MiH«TB caoi 
RypcB, TftRi qTO B'B Te^eHie yrpa mi nocxbAOBaTexBHo urfajm Boxie- 
Bie CB npaaoft RpaM6oiu, npBMo Cfb Hoca, Cfh Jitaog Rpaii^oju anoin 
OTh Tpasepsa. Hpn stoitb cj^AyerrB saHiTHTB, wto mi njuiaeKb u 
o«ieHb He6ojBmoM'B cjAui^ cpaBHHTejiBHO cb ocTajBBUMH 6poHeHoci^a]aL 
BojiOHBM^meHJe HaH66xLnraro hs'b Hanraxi 6poHeHoci^eB% DpesuBnen 
10,000 TOHH%; BOAOHsifbn^eHie ^Sultan'a** orojo 9000 tobhi>; y ^Dera- 
station*' hohth Taaoe se BOXOHSMin^eBie; y ,,Iron Duke* 6000 tobhi; 
y ^Glatton'a'', 6pycTBepHaro MOBBTopa ajui npHfipessBoft aaH(H», Bm- 
HSMtn^eBie orojo 5000 tobhi; ^erspe BedoxbHraxi 6poHeflOcivt, no- 
CTpoeBHHe BO BpeMfl nocJi'i&ABefi 4^paHxo*npyceRoA BotHu, HirbDn no 
3500 tobbtb, a y nonoBRB „HoBropox%*' BOAOHBxfaoeBie tojbro 2500 
TOHBi. R yRaaicy eme sa Apyroft cnoco6!B ^m OBpeji^^JKBiB cpaBHsrei^ 
Hoft BejH^BBU BonoBRH. Ufm AiaMerpi vb 100 4yT%, „HoBropoix^*' 
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nuasMfb pasMtpaM'b bohobrh h nporaseflix), 8aHHMaeM(»iy na ael 6po- 
neiD, MU 6yA6M% bi cocToaBia dorputb ea 6poBex) (Sopra oiSiuiBaBra- 
Haro cyAHa, n^^Eoio 140 ^yrB h bibphbox) 30 ^yrB. A nesxy '^^ 
dTB pasYxipH Be tojibro ropasxo HeBBure paairtpovB BHBeynovBHynm 
fle6oiBnrax'B ^erupexi 6poaeHOCitQffB, bo Aase Me«te paaicbpemft 6pofle- 
HoeHiixi RaBOBepoRii nViper" h ,, Vixen*', noeTpoeaBiix^ vb 1865 fOtXT 
AMM, eaeiUaiBBoft i^&eh ■ Roxopuxi* BBRasHMH cpeACTBasH Hejn»8a fiuxo 
CA^axB roABUMH AJA MopcRoft cj[ys6ir. EonoBRa se ^HoBfopoA^N 
Kpoirb Toro, hochtb tipoBX) b opyAiir, Bi&b rotophtb npeeaBiaen 
o6B^fl B^bcB aBrxiftcBHXK RaaoBepoai, Birtorb ci bx'b sopnyeon, 
<^poHeD, opyAiaMH, MaoraHaifH, iiaTraini, aanaeaHB k tfb ocrajiBiHn 
npnaAJesBocTaMH. HaRoaei^ BMBoxaaft 6pomB0CHut^apra omobbi 
BQSBUBiaeTCA TOJiBJBO Ha 18 AK>t]f0B!B 0T% BaxepiHfiifl; Bwam JBe tiopta 
TAHyTCA BflfiMh cpeABBU cjAHa, 0Tb Hooa Ao A^m, npo^Biu EXiM^rp^tmit 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHEKl.— HOMWi^ r. PHJA Vb POCCID. 863 

nieoroD 7 (j^yrE on naiy6u, a noepexH cyxHa BOBnuKaerca Heno- 
XBHsaafl 6poH6HOCH&a OTBpuraA 6aiiHA, BHyrpH BOTopofi ctojutb jsjml 

iOBMBl'b 28*MH-TOHHllX'b ll-TH-AK>&MOBUXl Opyj^is, CTp'&IflDII^ifl ^peSX 

iiHU. Bi» BopMi^ yerpoefla otohb yAo6HaH py6Ka, bi soTopofi ku 
lOTJi ocraBarbCA bi TeireHie Bcero yrpa coBepmeffso cyxHVH jsfiHRe 

Dpi CaVOlTB 60JIBinO]FB BOJIHOHiH. K'B dTOMy E XOJTSeH'E npH6aBHTB, TTO 

ooipiiraa 6poHeD naj[y6a Hifberrb ena^HTejiBHyK) (na 4 4^yTa) Bunys- 
jocTB, HaHHHafl OTB 6opTa, H npe^^cTaBjuen bha% cerHeHra 6ojEBiiior6 
ipyra. Bcj'bACTBie Tasoft BiieyEjiocTE naj[y6iii, uaBy^ecTB nonoBBH 
TuejiraHBaeTca ropasAO 6ojiBine, ^iwh ho2bho 6ujio 6u narjiAAHO cyj^HTB 
Ha ocHOBaniH tojibbo ojchoA hh3bo6optbocth. noejr6 Bcero csasaHHaro, 
eciH ^nrraTejib cnpocHTb HeH^: ^T6 6w[o t% dTHici HeoduBHOBesHHirb 
cfXHOVB cpejiH OBpysaBnnix'B ero boihtb? — & OTsiiy, ^to, npeAcraBjiaji 

impWiipBUpL BHA'B BO MHOrHXl OTHOISeHijiX'^ CyAHO dTO copaBjiaiocb 

ci BOjeaMH TaBi, saBi^ HEBorxa hh oxho cy^HO ho A^<iajio droro 
npesxe; nonoBsa j^BHrajaeb npoTHBt BOjraeHifl hotth (tb raBOio se 
cxopocriD, BaK^B h na thxoS boa^. Ona noAHHHaiacB h onycBajacb 
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Hui la^Ba 6Hja ctojb HesHaqHTejiBHa h cnoBofiHa, ^to, bi BaBOirB ($ii 
HanpaBieHui nonoBBa hb Bcrpi^aia BOJiny, mu ho HcnHTajra hh oxHoro 
xeieHTa vb Te^ieme Bcero yrpa, Bor^a naiBSfl 6ujio 6u ctoatl, xo- 
nn H Aase nncaTB coBepmeHHO cnoBoftno- ^To6u jcaxB hohmi saiil- 
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mu ysa^HBaerrB vb Mopi, rto na moha nenpiATHO AMerByerB Aase 
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poHf noTOM!B sa^HeTCA, H ^TO Bci pascysAOHiJi, BOTopHHH fl o6jiaAai> 
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HrnHaercH Ba^Ba. O^^hhitb cjoBoifB, seja^ xaxB HHTaTejiAM'B B^pnoe 
vouTie Bejra^HHi sa^BH spyrjaro cyxna h o6t> enx'bttCTBiH, a c^h- 
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roTOBianb bha^tb nonoBBy octoS^hbox), ho x^ftCTBHTeiBHaji ea ocTOftur- 
wih aa BOJiHeHiH yAHBjHja h ao chx'b nop:b npoAOJsaen yAHBJHTB 
leHJi. 

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plan HHTB CBoero pascaaaa. Bfh Haeroaniee bpohh a Bsajrca sa nepo 
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MuoiinHaro ecrecxBeHHaro aM({iHTeaTpa, rAt* orpoHHHH, BepoBHua 
K TTecHCTHH ropH BOBBinnaDTca hbai caAOM'B, napBom h BHHorpaA- 
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poBiaa eriHa yn^ejmcTEix'B caajTB, noAXOAan^Hxi vb caiioMy 6ep6ry h 
BosBumaDHpuca najTB iiopeirB btb BHA'b orpoHHUX'B paapymaiDnpixca 

<^eB& H BepiHHHX. Ob APyiX>ft CropOHU, BHAHII piiAU X'OprB, CBJOHU 

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KOTopioiir ^crynaen wb nope bhcobIA h o6puBHCTHfi miic^b AD-^ai-B, 
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^ 870 HasBaBie. BnpowM^B, a bo BBMipeHi noApo6HO onBeHBafB 
ittaro tepera Kpima^ i%± Bexaqie b apacora BpapoAH 'aaBi-dH co- 
Hopaa^amrb MesAy coioD. AocTaarono eaasaTB, ^ro npflBieBaTexbrncTB 
mi HioTHocTB TBKB BejBBa, irco £% azo BpeMa roAa cK>Aa taAaMMOtoa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



364 nwaoLK'h ibpohh. 

CO BtiTb ^tcreft o6iiiHpHoft HMDepiiv no TiiCAva-BepcTHinnb juHijut^ 
mejitsHux'B Aopopb, PocyAapB QNoepaToprb, sejiue KHASBfl, joiemaa 
apHCTOBpaTia h Apyna JHi^a, nojBsyDiiMjiCA 6ojAe hjh Menito xopo- 
niHMH cpexcTBavH. Boo6ii](e roBopA, s^icB pyccsax HrajriB; ho tojibko 
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qacTB DSHoi HTajiH Morja conepnH^aTB cb 8tod ifbcTHOCTbD vb Kpiucy. 
fl ysipeHi, HTO HH^TO He Moserb npeBSoflTH Tasoro BeiHKOJri^iiHaro 
co^eraniA ecrecTBeHHoft spacoTu csajrb h ropi cb pocBonmoD pacTH- 
TejiBHOCTBD H (TB dA'bniHeD npejecTBK) BaprHH^ nisHaro MopA h Hetfa. 
Chobb B03Bpani;aDCB b'b onHcaniD Kpyrxaro cyxna. Ho npoTreHiH 
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^HTBTejiB, 611TB MoaserB, cBasera: „ho b^poatbo toxbmsji 8u6b h boj- 
HeHie, BOTopuxi bh roBopHjra, xojshu 6£Uh orpoiiHBnfH icaccaMH 
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MOBl HaX^ nOBOpXHOCTBD BOW?*' B'B TOITB-TO H A%JIO, ^TO HHHerO no- 

xo6Haro ho 6iuo, h bi Ad^ficTBHTaiBHocTH MH saM^qajTH, qTO 6ojrte 
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Hiefi CTenoHH: no A&se npH camncB bhcokhx'b BOJiHax^ mu se saMi- 
^ajra, ^to6m onib BsaTBieajiHCB na najy6y orpoMHUMH coionifiHini xac- 

CaMH, BEnHHHOlO Vb H'bCSOJBSO 4^yTB, H HpH dT^lTB HO 6hJI0 HH OAHOrO 

H8% rbx'B Tflsanixi yxapovL bojihh vb najy6HHfl naxcTpofticH, soTopue, 
no MH^HiD MHorHxi, HenpeM^BHO xojUKHH cxy^aTBca npn njaBaeia no- 
noBRH Ha TasoiTB BOjHeeiH. Ha canons se x^jA naiTB npHxoxHJO^ 
Ha6jis)AaTB, ^To savB npH noj(xo;it bojihh itb 6opTy cy^Ha, Tasi h 
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Bcrpt^aflCB CB npH^iHsaDnieDCx bojhoh), npexoraBijixa eft coiipoTHB-| 
jieHie H SHa^HTejiBHo yMeHBmajia, ecJH He coBepmenHO yHHHTOsajia cao- 
pocTB efl ABHseniji. JS^xe 6uxo mhofo ciywoBi, Ror^a dta BuiHteHaeMaa 
BOJina He tojtbbo ocTaHaBjHBaia npH6jiH]KaBniyi>CH, ho OTTajiKaBajia ee| 
nasax'B, npnqeiTB na najiy6y nonaj^ajiH tojibbo oji,wb 6pu3rH. CjiTHa-; 
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MOHBrnee x^ftCTBie, 'I'bM'B ecjiH6H BOJiaa pasdaiacB HenoxBHSHyD 
caajiy hjih o6b OTjiorift 63perB. Mnorie ynoAo6jiflK)rB HHSBofioprHiia 
eyxa nojiysaTonjiennHMi cxajairB, no, na ocHOBaniH nppH3BeAeHBHx<s 
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xaen Topasxo lynoHMH mopcbhmh xaiecTaaHH, ^iacB nHorie 06% drom^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XFOHHKi. — ^E0!B8XK1 T. PBJ!(A Vb POOGID^ 865 

lynDTB, E "no vh mmmvA (ee npHHmcaa bo BHHiiBHie pasiribpovb, 
Bueoni 6opTa h Apymx'B sTopocTeneHHuxi noApo6HOCTe&) mh HM^beirb 
Tgfli cyxna ci Becbua saMi^TeuHUMH MopexoxRUMH KaqecTBaMH. 

Tan KaB!B nonOBsa ^HoBropojirb*' HebojiBniHX'B pasMd^poBi, no- 
crpoeHa cneiuaiBHO xJJi npH6pesHoft aan^HTU h CHa6seHa HOAOCTa* 
mao CEJiBHOft ManiHHoft, BOTopaa xaxe ho Mozen vb nojiHoft cxeneHB 
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spH lyimHX'B ycjOBiax'E, ne xocTHraen 8-mh ysiOBrb. Jifi chx'b nopi ona 
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pascTOflBie CO cpexnei) cbopoctbk) 6V2 ysjiOBi, npH^OMrB 6ox6e mm 
lenie sHauTaiBHoe npoTHBHoe BOjiHOBie, noBHAHMOMy, hm&eo o^enB 
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waphjpb DonoBii", mftfl Tasse Hefiojbnnji padMtpeHifl, Bce-Tass 6y- 
mh sfla^HTOJiBHo 6ojLhme nonoBSH .HosropoA'B^; ho Tasi sasi OHa 
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6f4eTb vh coctoahIb paaiusicHHTB Bonpoca o HaH66jBnreft CBopocTH xojia, 

BOaiOSHOft MJiH CYMJOVh STOrO THUa, TBB'B BaKB p&HHTB TBBOft BOOpOOB 

losHo ToiBBO npHMtHeHieiTB 6oidto snaqHTejBHoft ABHraTejBHoft cijra, 
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mhj OAHaBO) ^TO BpyrjHH cyAa HoryrB Hif&TB fiojiBmyx) CBopocTB 
xoxa, noTONy hto ohh vh Biicmefi CTenoHH o6jiaAaDTi choco^hoctbd 
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a Tsise 6jaroAapA Tbin> orpoMHUH'B npeHiiyniecTBaM^ Eaaiji 6yxyrB 
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cjijlCTBiH, A, pasyM^tercjET, ho hba^dcb TenepB y6'bxHTB kbotoitb mho- 

rm, TBTB BBK'B H3% npOAOJISHTOJIBHarO OHBITa MH^ HSB'bCTHO, HBCBOJIBBO 

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CTBJK)II^Ji BopoTBHM'B 6poHeHoci^aBi'B MOHXi ^opreseft, HecHorpfl Ha 

puyVBOCTB OCHOBHOft HJieH TaBBXl Cy^OBI^ H BOnpeBH 60JIBmOft CBO- 

poeni HX!B xoABi BOTopaii npeAnojtarajiacB no npoeBTy h ocyniecTBH- 
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nopiaiyTt H pasroBapHBaa Cb Mop^BaMH, ho bctp^thxb hh oahofo 
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^te 11 ysjiORB. Ho na cji^AyDnUft se aohb ({^perarB nomejTB 6ojie 
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CTirB 147^ ysjOttB npH Ai^&erBiH hojihumh napaira Bcixi botjiobi. 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



866 BSOTfiHR^b IBPOHH. 

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paHO HJEH nosAHO, ^asTb dTOTb 6yAeTi npHsnaH^ Bciior, a ^pro6u ycso- 

PHTB ero nOHHMaHie HJIH no KpaftBeft Mtpt SaCTaBHTB OTB^TCTBeHELHX'E 

jmTi,i> noAyMaTB o neH'L BHSiiaTejiLHO, a BQujn^ na ce6ji Tpy^i coo6- 
npiTB BaiTB noxpo^Ho hoh Ha6jiK);ieHia. Mni xopomo HaB'bcTHO, ^to wb 
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H, no MoeMy H^^niK), Bpena xoaaseri, qro ero Hxea Bftpna h Haecerjia 
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(Tb 18-TH-ADfiMOBOK) 6pOReH). 

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6ojd^e qftiTB BorAa-jiH6o. ^Mctbhtojibho, nonoBSH npexcraajaDrB iraoro 
OHOHB BasHUXi npeHxymecTBi*. KpoMt cnoco6HocTH hochtb caiiyi) tox- 
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B^Hxca cyxaxrB Apyrnxi (j^xorovb h, 6htb Moacer^, vh nacToani^ee apeiia 
6oxie ^twb npeacxe. Ha nonoBsax'B wbrb Hesan^niceHHHxi oaOHe^HO- 
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n^xca vb Hoey, Bopifb h hhso BaTepjiHHiH. Bpona na nonoBKaxi^ nten 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHHRA. — mnffik r. paa^ bi pogou). 367 

ojpraiOByK) TOJ^^■Hy spyroirb Bcero 6opTa, a naroMv a r jTBepauai), 
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teiBHofi san^flToft XJU Bcbx^ SHsneHHUx^ kih HaH6oj['66 BassHHX'B 
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wicrk, a BuraHo: fb aearp'b cyAHa; opyxui xoryirB HM'bTb Kasoft yroA- 
HO iajH6pB H B*]^; RpoM:& TorOt opy^ifl dTH o6jiaAaK)rB HaH6ojikin]urb 
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yeraHOBiTB sas'b yroAHo: b% 6amHt, Ha ]fOHBpH(}>esoMi CTaHB'b, vulu 

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tif^9A ero noBpesAOHiii, h ^ase ecjiH na hrxi nonopTJiTCfl ni- 
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HiH cnoBOftHO npoAOJsaTB CBoe njaBanie. Cbohmh mopcbhmh nepexo- 
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leu jHiHo, TO Ji, KOHe^HO, npexno^eji'B 6u ornpaBHTBCJsr b'b Mope Jiynne 
Ra nonoBii HaxJiesantHxi pasv^OBX, Hfhwh na o6uKHOBeHHOM'B 6po- 
BeHocsoHi e7Ji;Hi. Bha'6hhiih mhod 06*6 nonoBRH ne HutorB TapanoBi, 

1 sa hhx'b OTxano npexno^xeHie mhhhiutb npHcnoco6j[eHifl]fi. Ho 9to 
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Hnero sHBHennaro Axa cy^na. SarbiTB, Bonpoci o6*b yrjiydJeniH 6po* 
iW)eHHx% cyxoKB pasplmeffB nonoBRaifH caMHifB jiyqmHH'B otipasom. 
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I KOiaHAH, ROMHJieKTB ROTOpUX'B (rCTBTH SaMt^y B'B HOJIBdy nOHOBORl) 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



868 BMrmai ismmB. 

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T^Hi ne HOH^e, nejibSB ne ysasaTB na HisoTopHB otfcTOBTe^Bcroa, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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unaTa, BnesanHoerB h DpesAQBpeifeHBOCTB HacrynjneHiji xojoahoA h 
Teuoft DoroxUi a Tasse — BpaflHiia HeonpexiJieHHOCTB HSM^Hemfi no- 
roj(H. ?to6h noKasaTB HMeBHO, KaaHirB o6pa80]n> sth dph^hhu BjAav>vb 

Ha ClOpOCTB XBHSeHiA nO^AOBl, & npHBOAy HiCKOJIBBO DpHlftpOBIb. 

BnesanBoe npeapameHie Tejieii)a()»Baro coodn^eaia, BCj^ACTBie ceiro- 
Biai 6ypB b:b osTJi6p^ aoxsho, BecBMa ecTecTBeHHO, conpoBoiuaTBCfl 
SoibniHMH Hec^acTuncH aa sai^3BUX'B Aoporaxi>, ecjiH Taxiji 6ypH 
ifAyrB OAHOBpeMCHHO rocnoACTBOBaTB Ha orpoMHoiirB npocTpancTBi. 
npH 3T0HI a AOizeH'B npHsnaTBCA, hto Taaoe yHEHToaceme Tejierpa<{>* 
ma cTOjtfoBi, KOTopoMy a 6iwb CBHX^TejieM^ Ha jiHBiH otb XapB- 
KOBa xo MocKBU, H BOTopoo cjy^HJiocB KB TO se Bpena, aaBi mh^ 
coo6iiauH, h HO ApyrHiTB jinHiaicB sejitsHUX'B AopoirB, HeaojiBHo sa- 
crauaerB uena npexnojaraTB o nenpo^HocTH ycTpoficTBa Tejierpa4>- 
ma iHHift. jS^tficTBHTejiBHo, Tejerpa({)Hue ctoji6ii ub± noBasajniCB 

ClBBBOMrB AJIHHHUMH, TOHBHMH, HenpO'SBO yTBepSJ^eHHUMH Vh BeMJOD, 

CI cjatimiH HSOJiaTopaMH, soropue, sasB a moitb y6ftxHTBca, jiOHajHCB 
n HlBOTopuxi cjynaax'B He otb ch jh B'i^Tpa, a otb CBoeft Henpo^HoerH. 
Bopo^eirB, XJU Bcero sroro, 6utb MOserB, cyni^ecTByDrB cboh pasyMHHa 
QpraHU, He cpasy noHaTHua h o6iacHH]aia cjiyqafinoMy spHTejoo h 
qnTHBy,— T^iTB fiojte, ^to iiipu npeAOCTOposHOCTH, npHHaTiu vh 
Jipyraxi cjiynaarB^ h OTHocHTejiBHo p'bjpda nec^acria aa pyccBHxi se- 
jIshhx'b Aoporaxi, sacraBJianT^B 6utb Bpafine ocroposHuiirB vb cys^e- 
HiiXB. HanpHiftp^B, no Bcei jraHia MOCBOBCBO-BypcBOfi seaisnofi xo- 
pori, OBOJO T^bL'B MtCTB, EOTopua Morjn 6uTb saneceHH CH'broirB, 
a raxixB MHoro paGo'uixi*, pa3CTaBjiaBHiHxi» wh HefioaBmoifB pascroa^ 
3ii ao o&b CTopoHU otl nojioTHa xoporH pa^u mecTOB^B, cb tohbhmh 
q[)HiojOHeHHU]iH B'B HHHi AOCBaMH, XX& ycTpofiCTBa ptoieTHaTaro 3a- 
6<q»a, HTo6£i saxepzHBaTB MarejB h He nosBOJaTB cniry saBajiHBaTB 
uojOTHo AopoTH. Bb Ahfjui HH^oro noxo6Haro HeasBicTHO, h TasHX'B 
»CByccTBeHHiix'B nperpax^ atob, ho Boropua sxkcb o6xoAaTca o^eHB 
Aoporo H, BOHe^Ho, He coxMcTayDirB yBejaqeHix) caopocTH eo^aobii. 
Toqao Tasice ^esBiinaiHO xjiHHHsa jiHHiH pyocBHX'B zei^HHX'B xo* 
POTB H Maao^HCieHHOCTB flaccasBpeBHxi no^AOFB, TpetiyeMUxi xJia 
JtBRsema, BeeBiia yBeaH^HBaK>TrB bbshoctb SHaHenia Bonpoca onoxxep* 
aaaia npaBHJBHoft caasH m&kxj paaaHHHHMH aHHiaMH atea'bsHux'B ao* 
poTb. EciH Vh AHFJiiH HCAOcraTOKB xaaoft caasH ueoiny asejiisHUMH 
AoporaMH, npoHCXOAanuS ootb pasasxtB hph^hh^b, qacTO npoHSBoxHirB 
XBoro xjonoTB h BiisuBaeTrB norepio apeiieHH xaa ny6aHBH, to noAo6- 
Hse BexoeraTBH CBasH 6yxYTb HeauHOCHMU wb Pocda, r^i tfuBaeri* 
TOiBBO no oxHOMy Hjra no XBa naccaacBpcBHxa» notsxa b^aohb, h rxt 
iiaceajaipait!B npHXOjgiTca cosepmaTB cboh nepeiaxu no seaftsHinn 
JV>pora]rB b^b Te^eniH H^CBoaBBEXx xHefi cpaxy. Ohobhaho, ito npa 
TaiBxi ycJiOBiax'B npaBHjBnaa CBasB Meacxy cooTBiTCTByK)n^HMH aa- 
Bun aBejd^BflHxi AopoPB MoseTi» 6jutb ofiesneHena tojbbo nasHaqe- 
HidBB aetoiBHiofi caopocTH ABHsenia h onpeA^eHieM^B ctojb npoxoa- 
sneiBHuxtB ocraHOBOB'B na cTani^iax'B, aaaia HeMUCiHiui na HamHX'B 

Toiii I. — HHBAPb, 1876. 24 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



370 B^THHSl SBPOnH. 

j^oporaxi. KpoM'6 Toro, bo BpexA srmhhx'b Hflrejeft h CH'&roBux'B 6fpb 
HHorxft ciyiiaeTCH, ^to he ntsoTopux'b pyccsHK'B ^oporax'b npespa- 
n^aercH na nicROJibRO ^Hed BCiiKoe XBHseeie, h Tor^a naccancHpu Ha- 
xoAHTB ce6'& e^HHCTBeHHoe y6%flCHin6 na craHi^iAxrb, Roropufl, noaroMy^ 
vh 6ojibiiiiiHCTB'b oiy^aeBTB npeACTaBjiAK)n> co5oh) npespacBUfl, npocTop- 
HUfl n yAo6HUfl SAaeiji, Ch xoponiHirb 6y((>eT0M% h j^ocTaToqHUM'B ^hc- 
JOMT* CTyjbeBi» H CRaHeeBi. Ecjih si dTHirb yxo6cTBaM'L a npHcoej(HU> 
xopomyH) Tenjiory h rom({)opti» b'b Baronax'b, 6jiaroj(apji rotopubcb bib 
3HaqHTejibHoft cxeneHH o6jierqaeTCff yTOMjieeie otb npoAOJ[SHTejn»HHxi 
nepeii3;i;0B'B, to sa Bce 9to 6yAerE Tpy^HO, RaR'B cjitAyei-b, 0T6jiaroxa- 
pHTb a^-^MHHHcrpai^iiD rjiaBHUX'b jniHii^ pyccRRX'b }Reji'&3HHX'b Aoporb. 

?To6ii OROH^aTejbHO npocTHTbCA CI nroH'b Poccia, vwb xoHerca 
i!pH6aBHTb ein;e ntcROJibRO saMtnaHift ro Bceny, yace CRasaHHOiiy bi> 
xoHX'b npexHAyn^xi oHCbifaxi, RacaTejbHO Dsearo 6epera Kpfinia. 
BpiTA'b jiH BiAnrjiiH AOCTaToqeo hsb'^ctho, hto Ha BceM'b npoTaseHui, 
6oji'6e era MHjib, RpiwcRift 6eperb npeAcrasjiAeTB o^Hy HenpepuBHyD, 
BejHHecTBeHHyH) h poMaHTHqecRyi) RapTRHy, BMftiiiaDii^yio bi> ce6'b bcd 
npejiecTb h H'fcsHocTb HTajibflHCRaro RJiHMaTa. S^^b npHpo^a o^apoea* 
TejibHa js^R Bctx'b, HaHHHaA oiTb HMnepaTopcRaro ABopa h Ronqaa ea- 

MOK> CRPOMHOH) TaTapCROK) XHSHHOK). IIpaBAa, ^TO B'b AjH^ 6hJI0 H'6- 
CROJIBRO anrJlifiCRHX'b MOpCRHXl 0(i)HI^epOB% H BJiaA&Ibl^eBl JIXTB, 00 

CBOHMH cnyTHHi^aifH, ROTopue npotxajia^ no 6epery saaaAHte h bo- 
CToqnte ^.rru n noAHflJiHCb Ha ropu, qTo5u HacjaAHTbCA HtROTopHini 

SHBOHHCHHMr BHAaMC. BUBaeTb TaR»6, ^TO B'bROTOpue H8% HaniHXl 

C00Te<iecTBeHHHR0B'b cjiy^aftHO nocbm^aDTb Hoayio rocTHHHHi^y b% flji-rk, 
OTTyxa (Tbtsj^ATb Rfb sanaxy xo JlHBaAin ajih ocMOTpa ABopi^OBi, h s% 
BOCTORy qpesi Ypsy^'b xo Ajiynrru, qTo6u aa o6paTHO]f'B nyrH Be^e- 
poM^b nocMOTp:&Tb Ha RpacHByx) AiTHHCRyio 6yxTy npH jiynHOM'b h SKbsx- 
HoifB ocB'bn^eHiH. KpoM-j^ Toro, AORTopi* Poccejib 6uji sx'bcb TOT^acB 
nocjit RpUMCROft BoftHU H, npoixasmHCb qpe^i Ba&AapcRyio xojhhj xo 
DSHaro 6epera Rpaxa, oH'b, paayMtercA, ne mopb ho no^'i^HTsca Ch 

BamHMH ^HTaTOJAMH CaHUMH JiyqHIHMH BneqaTjtHiflMH RpaCOT'b SA'&IIE- 

He6 npHpoAEi. Ho, R'b HecqacriH), ero nyTemecTBie 6iuo coBepmeHo npH 
caMUX'b He6jiaronpiATH£]x'b ycjOBiflxi; ero ho^sarh npepiiBajiHCb mbo- 

THMH OpenJiTCTBiflMH, E OFO SailibTRH RRCaJIHCb TOlbRO HRCTH OrO HyTH, 

TaRi HTO Aase ero RpacHoptqHBOMy nepy ho yxaiocb nosHaROM htb hh- 
TaTOJieft CO BcibxH npejiecTflHH dToro oqapoBaxeibHaro 6epera. ?to se 
RacaercA MOHii jih^ho, to a ne hosbojir) 006*6 BsaTbca sa TaRoft Tpyji;% h 
nocTapaDCb TOJibRO HanoMHHTb BairB 061 btoitb 6eper&, sairibqaTejib- 
HOM'b Bib HCTopH^ecROM'B, rooJiorHqecRoirb, 9THOJiorH«iecRoirb H ApyrsTB 
OTHomoHijix'b. 3Aicb rpoRH, TypRH, renyasi^ii h TaTapu dpoboahie cbod 

SH3Hb B% Te^eniH HHOrHX'B B^ROB'b H BOdAt OCTaBHJH CJE'^AU CBOHZIb 

TpyAOBi, 6jaroAap£ ROTopuirb BiiCTpoHJiHCb ropoAa h AepeBHH, ospy- 

aceHHfiie pOCROniHOK) paCTHTOJIbHOCTbH) H BEfCORHMH FOpaMH, Ha^HHaD- 

Hi^RXHCJi y MopcRoro 6epera h repjiDii^HiiHCfl cbohxh BepnraHaiiH wh 
o6jiaRax%. 

TIefnep6ypi^^ 26-ro 0RTJi6p:i. — CeroAHa « 6uxh vh KpoHnrraATi^ pa* 
MHt npHnijiocb HcnbrraTb A^&CTBHTejibHo xoJOAHyD, shhhdd noroxyi 
ROTopaa TOJibRo-HTO Haqaia ycTaHaBjriiBaTbca sa^cb. B% 6EiTH0CTb mod 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHHKi.— noMAEi r. PiM vb poccno. 371 

vb Ho€KF&, sasi a tlecwl Bairs, Tairs yse CTOJiJia snxa; ho no Biiisxt 
ESI MocBta H no M^pt npa6jiHseHiA ki D6Tep67pry, noro;(a j^'bia- 
lacB Tenjrbe^ Ha^ajTE Ta^TE CHir^, h r% Te^eeiH Asyx'b-AHeBHaro npe- 
tiHBafliii vb Uerepdyprb, xota B03Arxx 6ujrh oqeab xojioj^Hufir h j^ase 
pisiift, HO Ao ceroAHxniHaro yrpa hhrto ho Horb csasaTb, qro mu na- 
KaayHt HacroAuiefi cteepnoft shmu. Upaei^a, qro y«e 3a HicKOJbRo 
XHeft SA'i^cb onacajiHCb (SojibniHX'b xojroAOS'b, h oahhi hs'b neroi^iaH- 
TOiTB, OTapaaiflDnqft 6oj[bnne rpyss B'b AHrjiiio n ch BOTopuifb MHii 
npanuocb roBopHTb, o^OHb 6e3HosoHJCfl, qTo6u HaBHrai][iH na HeB'b 
He saspyjiacb npesxeBpeafeHHo. Bqepa; npej^aojiaraA c^'kiaTb Ha cm^- 
xyDopft AeHb uoisjOLj no Rewb, mu Bcb onacajracb, qTO joa'e noM'b- 
maerb HcnoJiHeHitD namero HaMi^peHia. Geroj^Hs yrpoMi, no npH6uTiH 
Ha Ha6epesHyH) Hobei wa ornpasjieHia vh RpoHnrrajfTb, a ysnaj'b, 
iTO nojyqeHa xejierpaMMa cb HSB^CTieirb o HaqaameMCJi ABHsemH jib^a 
H3i JDiAOscBaro osepa fb HoBy. 

I^tjib Moero noctn^eHia RpoHmTa^Ta cocTosjia vh toitb, qTo6ii 
ocMorptTb 6poHeHocHiift sopa6jib ^IleTp'b BejHsift^, osoHqaTejibHoe 
HaroTOBieHie xoroparo snaqHTejibHO saMOAJiiijiocb, h j(ase Ha nocjixHift 
lopcKoft CMorp^ vb KpoHHrraAT'b oHb BUQiejrB ci BpeMOHHUMH xope- 
BiHHHMH 6aniHflMH, BirbcTO HacToan^HX'B. Mni He xot^jocb 6u 6paTB 
Ha ceiSfl Tpy^'B nepeqncjiATb Bcb npHqnHU Tasoft HOAJieHHOCTH pa6orB 
Ha dTOiTB Bopa6jit, HO a tojibko san'lqy, qTO, Bo-nepBux'B, cyAHO ci ' 
6poHeBiinfH HjraraMH MAa ^IIoTpa BeJiHsaro^ norafijio BMicit ch rpy- 
aovb, H BO-BTopHX'B, HSFOTOBJieHie HisoTopux'b copTOBi soj^sa, npo- 
lany xoTopux'B bshxe Ha C66ji KOJiDHHCsift saBOit'b, 6wio OTjroseno 
10 Tivb nop%, nosa He 6yxyTB ORonqeHEi npej^npHHATfiiA nepeA^JSH 
no pacnrapeHiD aroro saBO^a. Mh'6 Tasse hsb^ctho, qTo pafioru na 
sIIeTpi E^jiHBOM'b'' 6fiUH napoqHo saMej^JieHEi, BCJit^^CTsie HacTOATOJib- 
Hoft Heo6xoj(HxocTH ycBopHTb nocTpoftsy 6poHeHOCHux'b BpeftcepoB'B 
.repi^orb 9AHH6yprcKift", ^Fenepaj'b aAMHpaji'b'^, ^Mhhhhi" h rjiaBHte 
Bcero, qrotfu OKOHqvrb BTopys) nonoBsy B'b HHKOjraeBi. Cano co6ok) 
pasjirbeTCJi, hto 6hjio 6u HebjaropasyMHO h HecnpaBeAJiHBO ocysx^Tb 
Koro-jH6o 3a no;(o6Hoe pacnopflacenie, T^arb 6ojrbe, qTO Aase b-b na- 
crojui^ee BpeiiA B'b oj^nofi Anrjiti en^e TOJbso ctpodtch (poHenoci^Ki 

OXHOaiOBOft CHJIBI Cb ^QeTpOlTb BeJIHRHM'b'^, H MHt XOCTOBtpHO H3- 

rtcTHO, qTO sa osHBienie A^TejbHocTH h sa ycsopenie pa6orb na 
Hasnai crponniHxca xenepb cHjibHux'b 6poBeHoci(ax'b mi o6fl3aHKi 
'tin caMUifB saiiiTKaarb o ^IleTpt BejHROM'b'', ROTopua 6ujih nane- 
HaTam wb ^Times*' HtcROJbRO jrkrh nasa^'b. B'b nacroan^ee se BpoMa 
sIIeTpi, BejiHRift*' coBepmenHO fotob'b noqrn no Bctarb qacTairb, hcrjih)' 
Han 6ameHb, jsja m rb 6ucTpo npH6j[H»atDTca R'b osonqaHitD. Kpox'i 
Toro, n dTOHy na^o en^e npH6aBeTb, qxo sajioseHHiii^ Tor^a npn mh'& 
nepBuft spyrjmB tfponeHOcei^'b nocTposH'b noqTH B'b XBa foa&i & bto- 
poft ipyriuft 6poHeHocei^, cb 18-TH-ADftMOBOD 6poHe», yace cnyn^emt 
Ba BOJiy. XoTH HaiTb hsb'&ctho, qro Poccia ne Moseirb pacxoAoaaxb 
(ojboiHrb cyMiTb na CBoft (j^JLOTb h qro cyMxa Heo6xoAaMHX'b pacxo- 
j^OBTb orpaHHqHBaerca SA'&cb xase 60^*66 q'birb y nacb, ho riirb ne 
WHte a Haxosy, qro nocTpottRA .Hexpa BejHaaro*, 6poHeHOCHfiix'b 
KpeBcepoBi h nonoBORnb sacjiysHBaen 6oJibnioro h cepbSsnaro bhh- 
laaa cb nameft CTopoHH. Ho a ne 6yAy ^ojL^e ocTaaaexHsaTbca na. 

24* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



372 BWtEMS!b IIPOIIU. 

dTOMi npeAMert b HHqero 6oibme ne npH6aBjiK) Kb Tony, ht6 ii yse 
coo6mjBixb eBoeifB nocftmeHiH KpoHnrraxTa. Tenepb mh^ xoTijiocB (u 
nocBJiTHTL BicKOjiBKO cjOBib eiD^e AByM'b citjiyDiiiHii'b npejuieraiTb. 
Bo-nepBUxi, eairb npHxoxHTCA BpeiiA orb BpeMBHH cjnimaTB aoboibho 
MHoro o&b HMnepaTopd^ IleTpi BejiHROifb, h n6Tep6yprb, ni a nsmy 
dTO iiHCBMO) jLtficTBHTeibHO opeACTaBjiflerB C060K) orpoMHuft B ^yAec- 
Buft BaMHTBBB'b BeiB^fl ero yjia. Bi EpoBBiTaATi me uu BaxoAHin 
BonjomeBie xpyrnxi ero B^eft, BoropuA se HeB^ BsyiiflTejiiHU bo 
KBorHxi OTB(MiieBiaxi BOo6n^e b c% Moeft tohbb bp^bui wb ^acTBOcre. 
Mu o6uBBOBeBBo ropABHCB B xBaiBMCA nocTpoftBOK) Bi BOB^^ftinee 

BpeMB 60MbmBX'b KaMeBBUXl AOBOBl, Vb ROTOpUX'B MOryrb BOMin^aTLCfl 

caiouL rpoMaABUA napoBiiiB cy^a; bo Uerpi BeiBsifi bohtb abyma cto- 
jiiTiaMB BpexynpeABjTB Baci nocrpoftBOX) bi KpoBBrraxTft cyxoro aou, 
lOTopufi, 6jiaroAapB cbobmt> paasiipairb no jubb^, mBpBfli b rjiy6flHi, 
Mosen OABOBpeMeBBO noBtcTBTB B% ee6i orb mecxB jlo boclmb ca- 
ma'b 6ojBBiBX'b napoBuxi cyxoBi, Kasifl tojilbo cyn^ecTByDTi xenepb 
Vb syneHecBOMi bib boobbomi* cj^jiOTil HacTB SToro xosa, ajibhod 
1000 4)yrb, OTxiieBa 6aTOflopTO]Cb b BopoTaMB oti> acero ocrajBfloro 
Aoxa^ B 6uja npBroTOBJieBa ajia BBO^a vb nee Tpexi cy^OBi, xoropiu 
6yAyTi BOcraBjeBU bi RBJbBaTepi oabo b'b Apyrony; vb drofi se nacTi 
XOBa sopafiiB nlleftpb BejBKift^ o6fliflBajicji 6poBei). Boo6n(e, xJaHacs 
OHeBB nojiesBo no BpeMeaaMi Ba6jii>AaTL, ht6 x'^JiaerCA wb xpyrm 
rocyxapcTBarb wb jiK)6BMoi bbmb o6jiacTB HopcBBX'b npeAnpiarift. 
Bo-BTopuxi, a xo^y yBasaTB Ba Apyrofi, BaB6oi'6e saBBTOpecoBaBinit 
HOBA npeABerb b% EpoBmTaxT'b, a bmobbo: BejBKOJitoBiiifii MopexoS 
uy6i, Vb BOTopoMib Tasse noMiflviK)TCB icyseft b 6B6jioTeKa. Exj^b 
dTOTb orqacTB BouepsBBaercB npaBBxexBCTBoiTB, b xotb a bo saimiT- 
BiuKb xaseBBux'B pacxoAOBi Ba Taxie npexMeni, zavb Kjy6u b 6B6jio- 
TesB, BO Vb noAo6Buxi> nopxaxi, xaBi RpoBfliraAirB, rx'b 6oiBniiiH- 

CTBO MOpCBBXl O^BI^epOBl AOXSBO SBTB BO^TH 6081 BCBKBXli nOeiO* 

poBBBXi yAOBOxBCTfiift B pa8Bxe«ieBi&, MBTepiaiBBafl noxAopssa BasBaa- 
Buxi y^pesxeBift, bo spafiBeft Mipi^, vb Tasofi crenoBB, hto6u cyme- 
CTBOBBBie Bxi 6ujio xopomo B dKOBOMBqecBB o6e8neqeBO, HpesBinaftHO 
flOiesBa AXB MopcKOft cjiys6H. IIpaaAa, qTO bu bbofo cjitxajB fM 
ycrpofiCTta xopoBiBXfB noMimeBiA b aab yxy^moBifl 6uTa Ban* o<|^h- 

ISfifOWb^ TMXb B BBSBBX^B UBOBi; BO, CyAfl BO TOMy, ^t6 B ^iCh 

cam Bnisb b cxumaji o KpoBBrraATCROifB MopcsoifB Bjy6i vb xo- 
8aftcTOeBB0Bi» fl xpyrBxi OTBomefliflX'B, mi hosomi, npB 6jBBtaftmeMt 

BflaKOHCTBi Cfb BBITB, B03aBMCTB0BaTBCa MflOrBHB flOXOSBHIfB npaSH- 

xaiffl B nopaxaaMB. 

27-^ oKmn6pji. — SasoB^y cbob nBCBHa BpaTBBMi yBOMBaasieii^ 
efli^e BicKOiBKBxi ^axTOBib no BOBOxy Bcero BBAtaaaro mbod sa^cb, bi 
nereptiypri b ocoCobbo sacaTOiBBO HopcsBxi x^xi. A'^arexBHOcrfl 
B pauB^BUX'B BpeAnpiaxiax'B, cyn^ecTByDni^Bxii aA^B no HopcxoMj 
Aixy* HBTaTOJB Mosen cyxBiB, BanpBiiip'B, bsi Toro, hto ceroAHa a 
AOxsoBTB 6ui'B pasA^JBTB CBoo Bpeiui Ba npBcyTCTBie npB napoBUX^ 
BcntfTaniax'B ^pesauvaftBO 6BicTparo, •Be6oxBflioro BBBxoBoro 6apKaca 
H npB napycBUxi BcnHTaaiaxi xpyrxoft bxto^rb. BoxBiBBBCXBy, at- 
j>oaTBO, npBxoABiocL ecjifl bo bba^tb, to cjnunaTB o BofiOjiBniBxi na- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — ^nOft^JKA P. Pl^i B^ POCCID. 373 

poBHX'B, p^qHux'L H 6ucTpoxoAHUx'L flXTO^Rax'B, BnepBue BWAewaux'h 
vh ynoTpe6jieHie ci TaBinrB HCsyccTBOirb, HaxoA^RBOCTBR) h ycir6xoMT» 
r. Topneftspo^TOifb. Ero Buco^ecTBO, Hacjrbj^HHB'B H^ecapeBRHi iipio6- 
pirB OAHy Tasyx) AXTO^Ry, ROTopan h 6ussl tfjaronoJiy^HO ;i;ocTaBjieHa 
Bi neTep6ypnb. Sj^ich ara axToiKa 3;ocTaBiiJia npeRpacHuft cjiyqat^ 
r. BepAy (BJiaA^Bay ((ojiBinoro MexanHqecRaro n cyAOCTpoHTejibHaro 
3aB0xa) noRa3aTB, ^t6 mosho Ci^'bjiaTB b'b PocciH b'b TaROHi* se pox'6, 
fl BOTE ceroAHA MH*! yxajiocB noc^TRTB AXTO^TRy HJH He6oJiBnioft na- 
pOBOfi 6apRdCB, nocrpoeHHuft na saBoji;']^ r. Bep^a. BapRa(rb aroTB bu- 
crpoeH'B H3^ TOHRHX'B M']^;(Hux'B JRCTOB'B H CHa6seirB coBORynHOK) (com- 
pound) ManiHHROH), HsroTOBjeHHOH) no ^epTe»y r. CKOTTa PocceM, 
ynpaajraDn^aro 3aB0j(0irE r. Bep^a. H ysnaj'B hs'b AOCTOBtpHaro hcto^- 
flHia, TTO 6apBa(rB dTOTE ORasajicfl yjf,mnuMi> bo bcIx'b OTHomeHiflX'b, 
I TTO eRopocTBR) CBoero xo;^a oht> ;i;aae npeB3oiire.i'B aHPjiftcRie 06- 
pa3iui. Bo BpeMA ceroAHflnraaro ajtaBaniA orn,, B'bpoHTHO, HM'bji'b cro- 
pocTb 18 unuLh B'B ^acB, HecMOTpii Ha He BaoJHt 6jaronpiflTHafl ycjiOBiH 
aameft nporyjRH. ]ifi npntfuTia nijiDnRH r. TopHeftRpo4»Ta b^ Pocciio, 
roBopHJiH, TTo OHa wh AnrjiiH xojUHjia cb 66jiBraeio CRopocTBS), qiiTB 
axTo^Ka r. Bep^a, ho RO^;^a oh4 6hjh no;^BeprHyTH 3;^4cB oj^HOBpe- 
leHHOHy HcauraHii), flXTO^nca r. Bep^na OBasajiacB jfynmnirB xo^oroitb. 

JtMCTBHTMBHO, RaKT* ofipasei^'B ^peSBHqaftHO JierROft H 6HCTpOX0J^HOft 
pi^HOft DDTJIDnRH, Ha ROTOpOft MOSHO H^CROJIBRO ^OJIOBtRl 6HCTpO HO- 

peeesTH cb oj^noro Micxa na ipyroe, 3Ta axTO^fia A'i^jaerB 6ojiburfv> 
^ecTB r. Bep^y. 

He MeHBineft noxBajiH, ho y»e no coBepnieHHO Apyroft npHqHH*, 
aacjysHBaerB Rpafine jnoConuTHaA, He6ojiBniaff, Rpyrjian, napycnaa 
fliToqRa, AiaMeTpoMi b^ 20 ^jrb, naxi Roropoft mh% y^ajiocB npoes- 
BecTH HicROiBRO HHTepecHincB iiapycHux'B HcnuTamft. dra jixTO^uca 
QoerpoeHa oahhm'b hojioaum'b mopcrhm'b 0({>Hi^epoirB, cb toh) i^^jibd, 
ttoCh noRaaaTB, ^to Rpyrjiaa 4>opMa othk);ib ne npen^TCTByerB pasBH- 
TiD 6ojiBinoft CRopocTH, RaRT. HHorie nojaranrB. Ona Boopysena toh- 
wpoiTB, CB OOToft orpoMHoft Ma^Tofr, H o6Ja;^ae'rB ^o;^•B napycaMH ne 

TOJBKO 60JIBniOK> CROpOCTBH), HO 6e3npHHipH0H) CnOCOfiHOCTBK) cjiy- 

maTBCA pyjiiar h BopoqaTBca oBep^B-mraroMi* h nepeai (j|)opAeBHHA'B. 
Byxy^H coBepmeHHo RpyrjioE) h o6jiaAaa orpoMHOK) octo&^hboctbk), ona 
iRieTB najy6y na noAo6ie Bepxy^CRHX'B 6otob'b h iioseirB hochtb, 
noTTH 6e3% Rpena, cboe) BecBua ana^HTejiBHyE) napycHocTB. 9Ta Rpyr- 
:iaa HXTO^Ra HeonpoBepsHMO xoRaauBaeirB, hto npyiAOJi 4>opMa hh- 
esojEBRo He MimaerB paBBHrix) 6ojBnioft CRopocTH xo^a h npeRpac- 

HUn MOpCRHMl RaneCTBaiTB. O^eBHAHO, ^TO, n0A06H0 BCOMy BHA'&H- 
HOMy XHOK) Wb PocciH B'B CBJ13H CB RpyrjIUXH Cy^aMH, dXa AXTO^Ka 

JlojsHa sna^HTejiBHo noTpeBOSRTB crapiie npeApascyARH h nay^HTB 
RHorovy ^Bxe Tixi, Roropiie CHHTaDTB ce6ji MHorosnaion^HMH. 

Bo BpeifJi Moero npefimaHia vh PocciH, hh^ neoxnoBpaTHo npex- 
craBjiiijHCB y;(o6Hue ciywH Bcrp^WTBca h tiec^xosaTB cb h%boto- 

PUMH HSTB nepeAOBUX'B JIDXeft H cb ICHHHCTpaifH, OITB BOTopuxrB a 

fSHayTB OHCHB MHoroe BacBTejiBHo ynpaBjieniA h BHyTpenHJiro cxpoA 
pyccBaro rocyAapcraa. Tbb-b Bas^b o6cToaTejiLCTBa, b-b BOTopaxi a na- 
xojoucfl, He ocTaBjfljiH MH% BpeMeHH, rro6u coo6n^HTB bbitb cboh 
mjMXH lUH nimB, cocraBJieHHHe mhod no arHirB npexneTairB, to 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



374 norrasi SBPons. 

ji seeojiBHO AOJiseHi 6ujn> orpaHHqHBETbca rb cbohxi micBMan 60- 

Jlie 06£]KH0BeHH£]MH HJIH B3BiCTHlI]fH TdliailH. Jl,ase VbdTOWB DOCjiX' 

Eeu% cjiy^at mh^ npHxoxHjiocB DHcaTB Topon^CB h ypHBsaira, qriS 
B^poflTHO 6yAerB npHH^To bo BHHNaHie BanraMH 6jaix)CBJ0HHiiiMH ^HTa- 
Tei^MH. Ti^Mi He MeH^, a Mory HaA^Tbca, ^to bx mohx% nHCBMaxi 
coo6meHBi h^kotopuji HHTepeceua CBiAtmji o&b aroft, ROHeHHo, caHoft 
jiK)6oniiiTHofi CTpaei. Hto se Kacaercji Kpyrjnm 6poHeHOci^eBi, to 
nivb HHRasoro coiiHiHUi, ^to coo6iiieHHue mhok) ^l^aRTii h paseyvxe* 
Bia 8acjiysBBaK)TT» TniaTejiBnaro BBBMaau. Tohho xasse BtposTHO hhxto 
He 6yAerB oTpHAaTB orpoMHaro sHa^eHu RpyrjiM'B 6poHeHoci^eBi iul 
naBHofl A^JiH nepBOBa^ajiBBofl hx'b nocTpofisH, a hmchho: ajji samHiu 
AdOBCsaro MopH h ycxBeBi AHtnpcBCsaro jiBiiaHa, h pasHuirB o6pa- 

SOWb HHKTO He BUpaSBTTB COMH^HJfl Bib nOlHOMl BTh JCUixi VbVtOVb 

OTBomeHiH. Hto KacaeTca ueua jibhho, to b HHMajio He coMH%Bai)a 
B'b TasoMii se orpoMHOMi SHa^eniH dTHZ'B cyxoBi ajui 6oji^e ofinrap- 
Haro HOJiii A^TejBHOCTH, a xaKse, qxo ohh MoryrrB 6utb fiucrpoxox' 
HUMH h 6yAyTrB o6jaAaTB xopomHMH mopcrhmh KanecTBaMB. Borb, vb 

CMUCJli dTHXl-TO HOCJliAHHXl yCJOBlft HaM'B npHAOTCfl yBBA^^TB HOBlli 

B Moryn^ecTBeHHuft thdi cyAna, sa^ecTBa ROToparo uu aojshu o6c;- 

JLBTB BHBMaTejIBHO B CTpOFO. XOTJI MH% XOpOHIO BBB^^HO, ^TO BCO Cia* 

saHHoe MflOD B!B HOJiBsy dTBX'B cyxoBi 6yAeirB c^HTaTBca npeyBejH^eH- 

BUM'B B He 6yA6Tl HaAJe^BaH^BM'B 06pa30M^ HOHJfTO, HO A T^Wb He 

Menie naxtocB, ^T0 umi yxajiocB o6e3ne^BTB f,jia aroro npeAMera to 
BBBBanie, ROToparo sacjiysBBaerB b% nameft CTpant Rasxuft cepb^ 
Hufi Bonpoci no MopcROiiy A^ay. 

Z. 



->2cas^ 



HOBOCTM 3AnAAHUXl> ilMTEPATyPB. 



L'opposition sous les C^sars, par Gaston Boissier. Paris. 1876. 

Pro nihao. Vorgeschichte des Arnim'schen Processes. Erstes Heft. ZOrich. 1876- 

IIpH HUH^niHeirB nojioseHiB a'^jtb vh EBponi, emejuskeBuo npoABJJiK)- 
H^eiTB ynaAORT> npesHBX'B noJiBTflqecRBX'B b o6n^ecTBeHHiix!B crpeBjeHift 
B BtpoBanift, ROTopHJi He AajiBHie RaR'B cro, ^aace naTBAecATi^ Jin» 
TOM y HasajCB eii^e ABorajni i^^^jme napoxu, — npH BHBtniHeirB noiosefliB 
Kbrh B'B Eopon^, roBopBiTB mh, TpyxHO noxo&Ta 6jra3R0 ri BCropiH 

XpeBHefi pBMCKOft HMnepiH 6e8*B HeOTBflSHBBOft MUCJIH B08MOXH0CTB 

HafiTB B'b dToft BCTopifl o6u^s. qepTU cb OBponeftcRoft coepeHeHHOCTBD. 
9Ta MUcjiB npoRpaxHBaeTca B'B BaM'B HeaaM'&THo, hohbmo aameft bojb; 
BU coBciM'B Be pa^ii eft, oaa nyraerB Baci bi BBxy t^tb ysacaD- 
B^Bzi 56pa30B'B, BB ROTopurB OJH^erBopBlQeB AM Bac% rjy6oKoe HpaB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOmKl. — HOBOGTl SlIIAAHHXl UTEPiTYP'b. 375 

CTBeHHoe naxeHie ApeBHaro idpa, bu roHHxe ee otb cetia, saici H^qTo 
aioei^iD^ee h cnoco6Hoe oBOHHaTeAHo npHAaBHTB coBpeiieHHaro ^eiOBlBa. 
H oxHaBO se dra uucjLh h6 noKBjsfi^vb Baci, h bu He Mosere ne no- 
saBHAOBaTB Toxy aBTapy, soTopuft, saHHMa^cb HCTopied pHMCsoft HMnepiH, 
Be HcnurajrE ea TOMHTeiBHaro BiiAHijs[. Bb xaBOMi saBHAHOH'B nojio* 
seaiH HaxoAHTca, neaKAy npoHHiTB, asropi ^OnnosHi^iH npn i^esapAX'B*', — 
BCTopHiieeBaro HdCJ^xoBaBifl, b'b ocHOBaHin EOToparo nojoseHO cbmo- 
CTOflrejiBHoe HBy^enie hctotohbob'b h jHTepaTypu npeAMera. ^paemys- 
ei&fl spHTHKa Buiaaerh aBropy B'B oco6eHHy]D sacjiyry to, ^to ero 
BacrtAOBanie ^yasAO BCHKaro OTHomeHifl bi coBpeMeHHOCxH, ^to ohi se 
BOCjrbAOBajTB b^b drowh OTHomeHiH npHMipy cbohxi upeAniecTBeHHH- 
bob'b: AHnepa („Histoire romaine k Rome'') n B^je («les C^sars*"). 
HpaBCTBeHHoe cnoEOftcTBie aBTopa Tiwb 6ojie saBHAHo, ^^to co6cTBeH- 
Boe ero otctoctbo y«e nepeatHjo AByx-B i^eaapeft k-b Tony BpeMeHH, 
BOFAa OH^ Ha^aai CBOfi HHTopec^ft TpyA'B, h nepesHsaeTB TenepB mh- 
sepBiftmyi) Hn pecfly6j[HKi». IIocTapaeMCfl se h mu o6oftTHCB 6e3'B no- 

CBimHUX'B H neCCHMHCTH^eCRHXB c6jiHseH]fl. 

Bb ApeBHex'B Phm^ santHa pecny6jHEH HMnepieft 6iiija peayjiBxa- 
Tomb npoAOJSHTejBHaro h ecrecTBeHHaro HCTopHqecsaro npoi^ecca; ona 
opoflsooua TorAa, ROPAa npesHin ({>opM£] rocyAapcTBeHHO^, o6niecTBeH- 

BOft H ^aCTHOft SH8HH AO TOFO H8SHJH BCe CBOe COAepsaHJe, HTO OSOH- 

^aTejiBHoe BOABopeaie HHnepiH CTajro ecTecTBeHHoft Heo6xoAH]foCTBK>. 
Bee CBJiOHfljiocB patiojtnHo nepeA'B hoboS CHjioft, ROTopaji BaaajacB 
exHHCTBeHHo cnoco6H0K) ABTB ifipy cnoKoficTBie, noAAepsBTB rpoMBAHoe 
pncBoe roeyAapcTBO h saM^HHTB co6ok) iipesHK)iD, xenepB yTpaneHHyD 
BipoAHyD dHepriH). BeAHsift ropoA'B, 6uBniift npesAe npasHTejieMi nib' 
laro ifipa, BHposAaJicJi TenepB bi OAHPapxii), a npeACTaBHTejBCTBO 

Vh BHHilDHeirB eBpOne&CBOlTB CHUCA^ 6hA0 HeH3B']^CTH0 ApeBHHlfB. OcTa- 
BaiCa OAHHl BHXOA'B — B'b HMOepiK), H pHMCSift HapOA^ BOAHOBBJICa H 

(jB^BajTb yse ne a^b topo, ^to6u coxpamiTB cbod bjibctb h BAlairie 
Ba ny6AH^HHfl A^-ia, a ch nfbjthV) cbaohhtb ABpycTa iiphhbtb ahbtb* 
Tfpy. Gaiiafl cHja Ben;e& BHABHpajia ABKTaTypy na nepBuft n^aHB, bos- 
juraji Ha nee npHBaaHie oxpaHBTB ppoMaAHyi) HMnepiK). Tasofi nepe- 
Bopom, pasyiffteTCJi, ne mopb He BUSBaTB HtKoropoft kphthbe b'b hheix'b 
tMuofb o6niecTBa. BocaoMHaaHlfl o nponuoicB BeAHqin PRMa h epo cbo- 
foAl 6uAH eo^e shbu; ho Bonpoc^ B'B tomi,, kslkt* CHABHa 6uAa ara 
KpBTRKa, H PA^ OHa HpoiiBjiflAacB. CiocTaBAfljia AH onnosHi^ia napTito, 
BKiDflqrK> CBOH npHHiqinii, cbod npoppaiixy h cboh HHTepecu, ysaBu- 
B>Di^yD nyTB h nfkja HapoAy> oepeA'B KOTopuirB BnepeAH eo^e utjiaa 
■etopiHecBafl 6yAyn^oeTB; HMtAH ah i^esapH cepB^noe ocHOBame CTpa- 
nncB 8a hobuII nopaAOKB Ben^eft h sa cbod BAacTB — bot'b BonpocH. 
BOTopue craBHTB ce6i asTop'B .OnnosajpH npn i^esapjiXB'', h na bo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



376 BBOTORl SBPOIU. 

Topue HU AOjasHfii BirbcTt Ch hhitb OTBtTnT& orpHqaTeJbHO. Hnwo 
noxosaro Ha oanoam^H) He HaxoAHirB owl vh apioH, KOTopax co Bpe- 
iieHH Aery era cA^jajiacB nocTOJiHHOD h Hif^jia vh paxax'B esoHTB yse 
He rpas;(aH%, a cojiAarB no peiiecjiy, xopomo oiSesneqeHHiixi b% cbo- 
ix'b Hacyn^HUX'b HHiepecax'E^ nopBaeoiHxrb enash cb HapoxHoft cpexoft 
H ocraeaBrnHxcfl na cj[ys6t js,B9^nsLTh'iuiTb jLivb h xoj'be; OB'S ne na- 
xoAHTB en H B!B npoBEHi^iAxi, KOTOpHxi^ nojioseme yjiy^niBJiOCb npo- 
THBi npesHJiro npH i^esapjiX'B. CeHarb, npHHaBnnS wb noci^AHu Bpe- 
MeHa pecny6jinKH xapaKxepi ojiHrapxin, yace He Hon Teoeps CMOxp^Tb 
CBBOsb najiBi^i Ha BoniDn^iH 3j[oyaoTpe6jieHifl cbohxi nposoHcyjovk 
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"lecTH H BjiijiHie nocpeACTBoarB necMi^THHX'B 6oraTCTBi h pacro^arejiB- 
HOCTH, OTHocHjacB npeKAB tcB npoBHHiniHux saiTB vb jfy^meMy hcto?- 
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Topuxi MHorie j^'^axh npes^e to ze canoe. H botb, na 9Ty apHcro- 
BpaiiD flBHjici[ 6RTb vb jEn^ i^esapH, HOBafl CHja, nepeA'B KOTopoft 
Bct Gujra paBHEf n ROTopas He saneA^Hja npHxaBHTB cenarB h ero 
npoROHcyjiOB'B. npaBHTejBCTBOHHaA BjacTB nocjitAHHX'B 6Bijia orpaHH- 
^ena: wb Ba^HBixi A^jax'B ohh aojishu 6ujn HcnpamHBaTB paspime- 
Hifl Aesapfl, ROTopufi mopb caiinflTB hxi oahhm'b hotoprom^ nepa; pa- 
AOiTB CB npaBRTejBCTBeHHOK) BjiacTBH) npoROHcyjtOBi, i^esapH Tepnijra 
Wb npoBHHaiajiBHUx'B ropoAaxi ;i;obojibho iHHpoBoe caMoynpaojieHie. My- 
HHi^HniH caMH H36Hpa.iH CBOHxi npaBHTCJiefi. Phm JHHe B% myray hbbu- 
BajH MyHHi^HnajiBHue Bii6opu 6ype& vb cxaaanj^ boau, flaetus in am- 
pulo; HO caMH ropoj^a othochjihcb r'b hemi HHane. MftcTHUH HecTMD- 
6iii pasurpuBajiHCB npH dTHxi Bufiopax'B cb saic'^HaTejiBHOD CHJioft^ le 

OCTaBJflBIDefi MibCTa HH AJIfl RaROft CepB^HOft nOJIHTHqeCROi OHDOSHlMl. 

KaHAHAaTU He sajrbjiH pacxoAOB'B ji^n AOCTHsenia i^kiH, h ,roHopapi' 
HMiiii TOFAa coBCJ^Mi HO TO SHaqoHie, RaRoe AaHo BTOMy cjiOBy y ho- 
Buxi HapoAOB'B. Bi TO BpeiM nFOHopapoiTB'' 6ujia Ta cyMMa, ROTopyi) Aox- 
wdwb 6uj[i HspacxoAOBaTB HsSpaHHidt ropoACRoft aAHHnncTparopB, aAiA 
HJiH AyyMBHpiB, 3a ORasaHHyD eny necTB. HaHHenie 6oraTue un ma^Sofr 
Hux'B jHi^'B, B'B caMux'B 6'&AHUX'B MyHHQHHiHX'B, yroniaiH Hd6HpaTeiel 
BHHOM'B H ne^eHBHiiH. Ci yxpa ao se^epa 6iAHue m'bjni npaBO xaio- 
KHTBCH Ha cnerB bahjih hjih AyyuBHpa. Jl^^ypioHU, Taa'B caasarB rjiac- 
Hiie ropoACRHx-B AyxrB, nojyqajiH 6ojLbmoe yrooieHie. H86paHBHl npi* 
rjianiaJTB hxi Ha nytf^H^Hutt nnpi; npBrjiaHieHie 9to pacnpoorpaHaioeB 
flHOPAa Ha BecB napoA'B, a btb ROHAik nnpa o6iAaBQiHirB pasxaBBJUicB 

AeHBrH. 3aHJH H AyyMBHpU AOJISHJU 6UJH yCTpaHBaTB Ha CBOft CWf% 

BCARifl Hy6jrHqHUH Hrpu: (ftni, 6oft aueroBi h rjiaAiaiopoBi h up. Ho 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA.— HOBOCTH BkUkffiUrh JfflTEPiTyPl. 377 

I dTHTb pacxoxovb 6eijio m ajo, ecxH HstfpaHHHft sejajB saTHHTb cbohx'b 
coDepHHBOBi H BnoiR^ 7;^OBjeTBopHTi» RstiHpaTejieft. HapoAnb TpetfoBaxi, 
Tro6u ovB He orpaHH^HBajica o6^A^m h sp^jran^aiiii, a npeAnpRHHMajrs 
Ha CBoft c^eiTB o6ii^ecTBeHHiia pa6oTu vb nojibsy ropoxa. Fopoxa no- 
ipiUHCL, TaBHMi o6pa80M%, 6oraTHMH BxagiflMH m naMATHHKaara, so- 
lopse RaKi 6yxT0 HH^ero He ctohir hh rocyxapcTBennoft, hh ropo^;- 
cioft KasHJ^. HiROTopiie npocro pa3op4LniCb Ha Bu6opHux'b MynHi^H- 
oai&Him AOJsnocTiix'b. H npH BcearB tomi, Mes^y jida^mh, soTopux^E 

OHH ROpVHJH E 8a6aBJIAjra H fi,JiE BOTOpiIX'B HpeAHpHHBMaJIH O^H^eCTBCH- 

HttB pa6oTu, Bcer^a 6uBaj[H nexoBOJibHiie. Mnorie hm^^ 6a3i^epeMOH- 

ROCTB CpaBHHBaTB H^eXpOCTL HUH'&niHArO dJSJUJiR HJH AyyMBHpa CI 0^6^- 

pocTBK) ero npeAmecTBeHHHKa. Mnorie naxoAHJiH, hto bhho h oe^eHEJi 
HOBaro aAMHHHCTpaTopa ne jiobojibho BBycHU, qTO mucjio rjiaAiaTopoB'B 

He XOBOJTBHO BeJIHBO, ^TO B08B0AHMU6 HVB BAaniA H MOHyMeHTKI He 
XOBOILHO BOJIHBOXbnHH. Ho CTpaCTL BaHHHaTB HepBOO lliCTO Wb FOpOA^ 

(HJia Tasi CHjiBHa y mhofhx'b b'b 6ojikniHX'& h He6ojiLniHX'B, 6oraTHXB 
H 6ixHiix'b ropoAax'B, ^to jdxh CTpeMHJHes saHHTb ero bo ^to 6u to 
HI craio. K'h btoA cxpacTH npHcoeAHHAJHCb, b^poatho, en^e e Apyrin 
no6ysAeBiH. Ccujiaacb na caTHpu UerpoHiH, aBTop'L „0nH03Hi^iH npn 
i^eoapjixi^ HaxoAHTB nexoBOJiBCTBO ropoasani BanpHBHuirB h Bsxop- 

Him; HO MH HOBBOJIHM'B 066*6 HO COFJaCHTBCH Ch HRMX B'B BTOMl 

tijHai. Ha oj^noft HaAOHCH, co;^epsan;efi hmh yM6pi&CKaro Bu6opHaro 
ropoxcKoro ^mnoBHHRa, BBHp'IsaHu Apyroft pysofi cjiOBa: „ohx njiyirB''. 

Em JH MOSHO CTB AOCTaTOHHUlTB OCHOpaHieM'B ClHTaTB TCnepB, «[T0 

H0xo6HaH npiraRCRa nenpeiri^HHO BBiSBana oxhod tojbbo narjiocTBD ro- 
posaffB, Rasi h nanpaaieHHUH npoxHBi dXHieft h xyyMBHpoB'B o6br- 
Beeifl VB AoporoBHBHi xjiMa, B'B cra^sax'B cb MOHonojiHCTaMH. Pacxo- 
xjach R pasopHHCB Ha Bu6op£i H Ha ycHJieHie CBoero BJiianiH b'b ro- 

fOl% 8XHJIH H XyyMBRpU MOFJE BOSHarpaSXaTB Ce^H dTHMH HyTHMR 

M noHeeeHHHe y6iiTBH. Bo bchboitb cjiy^ai, vh hpobhhi^hx'b, npH Ta- 
xm nopaARii, A'&ftcTBRrejiBHo ne ORaBUBaJocB ho^bs h xaHHux'B aja 
<^no8RiqR HpoTRB'B HHHepiR. IIpoBHHiJtiH npesAO HRBorxa He HOjIBSO- 
BajRCB r&MH npaBaMH, soTopuH nepemjiH ottb pnxcKaro napoxa Vb i^e- 
3apD. Jl^ase phmcrhbtb rpasAanaM'B, srbhirm'b bh'& PHiia, ne Tpy^uo 
iaio yrlmraTBca no'yHHTroseHiR ROMexift na MapcoBoirB noj'b, bibbo- 
TOfkHrb OHH He MorjiH y^acTBOBaTB. Pecny6jiHBa ne ^aaajia npoBHHi^mM'B 
nttsoro yqaeriii b'b n^eHrpajiBHOfl BxacTH, h oh6 othocjihcb paBHoxyniHO 
s& M DRAeHiD. Oh^, HanpoTHB'B, oxoTHo BOSABHrajiH cTaTyH H xpam 
n tiecTB SHBHX'B H yMepfliHX'B i^esapeft, BjiacTB ROTopiix'B o6e8neqH- 
v<ua RVB CHOROfiFHoe nojBSOBaBie ]cyHHi;Hnajn»HUMH npaBaMH. RaROMy- 
i^yxB ropoxy FajjiiH Him HcnaniH ne hphxoahjiocb TepniTB otb 6e8* 
TveTBfB, coB^maemcrB i^eBapRMH b'b Phx%; ao hrx'b kofjih aoxoahtb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



378 NGTHEBl EBPOfiH. 

TOJBBO CMyTBue cjyxH o&h dTBXi 6edyMCTBax'B, hh majio He HapymaB- 
mvLX'h odu'iHaro Teqeeia m^cthoA shshh. PHMCBaji i^BBHjiBsaii^ia yse 
BTBHyjia ropoAa b'b csoft saBOJiAOBaHHHft spyn, h ohb, ecrecTBeHHO, 
noA^HHJijiHCb ea o6i>ejsflEttV)mfiuj Bjiijs[Hii>. 

He tojilbo vb apidH h b'b npoBH^i^iBX'B, ho h vb caxoHi Paii 
mrjifb He bbxho CHcreMaTHqecKoft, nocjitAOBaTejibHoft h xtsTeibHoft 
pecny6jiBKaHCR0ft onnosBiuH npoTBBi ueaapeft, ROTopax npecjiixoBaja (h 
onpeA^JieHHHH ih'&ib o6]]iaro ocBo6osA6HiA. Bcbirb i^esapBirb, Banb ca- 

MHM'b AypHUMIi, TaB'b B CaifBllfl JiyqniBirb, BOSXaDTCfl Vh PflHi oxi- 

HasoBUB noqecTB. CeHETi pacTO^aerb aifb jibcrflBUB xbbju; speipi 
ycepAHO npBH'6inBBaK)irb hxi HMeaa B'b o6mecTBeHHiii]rb MOJBTBaM'b; vh 
OTcyTCTBiB i^esapa, boomj boshochtcb sepTBenHBEB „4^pTyH% BOSBpa- 
]n;eHiB"; sor^a obi 6ojieHrb, Bcb B03H0CBrb M0Jib6b[ B'b dcRyaany o6b 
ero BUSxopoBjieHiB; btb i^hprI h wb Tearpi i^esapefi paxocTHO npBBiT- 
CTByeTb HapoA'b, Roropuft ohh RopMarb h 8a6aBJBK)i*b; BBEMeHHTiftiDie 
rpasxase TOJinaTCB y najaTBHCRaro XBopi^a, hto6u npHB'bTCTBOBan 
Bx-B npotiysAeaie. Bcroxy bosboj^btcb i^esapBM'b craxyB b TpiyM4>aAHUfl 
apxB; Mf.CBi^Ei BOJiyqaDTb bx% BMeHa; na o6opoTHOfi CTopoBi^ hx'b lo- 
Herb noniniaeTCA B8o6paaceHie o6ii^ecTBeHHaro CqacriB. JEy^mie nodru 
ocsnaDTTb flxx opeyBejaqeHHuifB xasjaMB. BBprBJuft, sasHBO noiiiniair 
ABrycra Mesjty cosB'bdAiBMB, o6iiacHBeT*b, hto GRopnioH'b yse eninrarb 
HO'rikHBTbCB, qTo6Ei ;^aTb Micro HOBOMy cB'bTBjy. JlyRaH^b coB^Tjen 
Hcpony saniiTb m^cto B'b canoft cepeii;BHi He6a, Rorxa oh^b cx^aercfl 
6oro]rb, qTo6'b ne napymBTbpaBHOB^iB Mipa. Mapi^iafb 6e3% HpoiiH 
8a;^aeTCB BonpocoM^b, 6ujn> jib PBH'b RorAa-HB6yAb 6ojiito ciaBeai h 
CBo6oAeH%, ^iwb upB Jl,OMBi^iaBi. 

noAo6BHH saBBJieBifl otfn^aro yHHseHiB ne BCRjiroqajiH, ROBe^HO, 
CRpuTux'b npoBBjieaift BeyAOBOJibCTBiB; bo HeyxoBOJibCTBie, BHSBauHoe 
HOBHirb nopBAROM'b BeHJ^eft, 6iiJ0 coBepmeHHO ocotfaro poxa. Oho Bcero 
Mente hoxoahjo sa onnoBBi^iD vh TOirb onpex^eBBOirb cmieji, n 
RaROifb ona o6uRHOBeHHO noHBMaeTCii. Bi CBoeirb rjytSoBomb Bpaa- 
CTBeBBoiTb 6e8CfljiiB, BexoBOJbBaB qacTb pBMCRaro otin^tecTBa He HBiia 
npoTHBonoeTaBBTb HacroBB^eMy nopaARy Bemeft HBRaaoro hhofo; vdk^ 
xasEe camie nexoBOJibRue, CRjoHBiBCb nepexi ABRTaTypoft, saKi 6jaro- 
TBopnoD Heo6xoAH]foCTbK), B orpaBBHRBajiflCb TOJtbRO npeABoqreHieMi 
xopoHiHX'b Aesaped xypHiiirb. HBRaRoft xpyrott odboshiMb, RpoMi jBiBoft 
H CB^Tesofi, TaR'b eRasBTb, npBABopHott, QesapH co6cTfieBHo He Bcrpftqaji 

B'b CBOeft DpaBBTejIbCTBeHHOfi A^TejbHOCTH. Hx'b BJiaCTb HHPJli H6BA' 

TajRBBajiacb sa npoTBBonojo»Bue h BpasAe6Bfiie eft bphbi^bbbi h bhto- 
pecu. CaMuft xapaRrepi btoA BjacxH orqacTH o6ycjiOBjniBajnb dewpir- 
HOCTb H 6e8CHjie BcipiHaeMoft en onnoBHEtiB. Ea npex^JUi Hnorxa 
^e 6iUH pnpextjieBH HHRaRHMib saROHoirb; cb caiiaro Ha^aja ona ($Hia 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBA.— HOBOCTl diSUJifiUX'b SEnVkTYTb. 379 

orpaHH^ena tojbro HpaBanH, jua npoHHAaTejiBHiiMi h sxawb na JiauBi 
oiSntecTBeHHUM'B iraiHieM'B, Koropoe, yTpaTEBi* cnocotfeocTb b'b dneprn- 
^ecxoMy H Ao6jecTHOMy soHTpojrH) HaA^b o6]i(ecTBeHHJE>ixH x^aMH, co- 
xpaeejo enoco6HocTB jsrb ESLCwbmKi u nepecyxaii'B. Bi oahh^ npespac- 
mi MfiBh HMoepifl Bonuia Vh pecDytfjiHsy, Kasi ocTpoyneo BupasaeTon 
Ceeeia; ho oea He saABHia npH aroMrb, KaByD aojid BjacTH ona otbo- 
jiMVh ce&b H saByH) ocTaBjiHexi npesHHirb ynpesAeHiAM'L. IIpesHiji 
BiacTH, coxpaHHBmiiicJi HOMRHajibHO H npH HMnepiH^ ne snajiH, Kas'b 
jUueKo iipocTHpaH)TCfl TUTb nojKHOHoqjJi. AnrycTh jto^hj'b yBftpflTb, ito 
BjacTB ero He npesuniaen Bjiacxa Apyrnx's caHOBHHsoB'B pecay6jiHKH, 
HTO eiry npHnaj^jesHTB to^ibro h^^to bi poAi npaBCTBenHaro asTO- 
purera (dignitas) na^'B hhhh. OTCDxa 6e3CHjie npesHsxi yqpesAenift, 
coBepmeHHO napajiHdOBaHHiiix'B neonpeA'J^jieHHocTbK) noBaro, h xa rjiy- 
(ouui HexoB^pqiiBOCTB, CB soTopoE) i^esapH, coxpaHflfl dTH yHpesAenifl 

TOUKO no HMeHH, OTHOCHJHCB Jffb Maj'fcfinieMy npOABJeHJD CaHOCTOA- 
leiBBOCTH Ch HX'B CTOpORH; I^eSapH nOCTOflHHO OnacaJIHCB, TTO dTa Tcp- 

nimocTB HX'B MomeT^ 6htb opHHJiTa sa HHCTyi) MOHery. Hobba b^ibctb, 
HeyBi^peHH&fl vh ce6i h Bcero 6oABniajiCJi, A^ajiacB secTOsoiD npH 
lasj^oiTB noAo6HOflrB noAOdpiniH. Gxpaxi ;^ecnoTHqecKoft BJiacTH Bcer^a 
xiiaerB ee CBHpinoft. 

Broiiy nocToaHHO BCTpeBoaeHHOMy h HcyBipeHHOMy vb cetf* xecno- 
Tii3Hy cooTB^TCTBOBajra vh Phm^ HeptiHHTejiBHafl H saraeHHaji onno- 
dHipA, 6oJt^ CBJioHHaji Kb nepecyAaMB, qiiTB b'b A^xejiBHOCTH, ne* 
ycToft^HBaji H 6e3npHHi^HnHafl. OnnosHi^ifl dra HCxoxHJia ho hs'b hojih- 
TH^ecKHX'B y^pesxenift, ne otb cenaTa h ne orb napoxa. Ona hcxo- 
xua H8i T0& cpexu, ROTopyK) bi name BpeHA nasuBaBT'B ^cb'^toitb'*, 
I KOTopoft, no pascBasy Tai^HTa, THsepift oTossajicji oxHasAH, hto 

eiiy ISBiCTHO, TJki HaXOAflTCA HeXOBOJIBHUe, ^TO npaBHXeJIBCTBi 810- 

ejOBflTB .sa o6iAftMH H B'B BpysRJlx'B^— in conviviis et in circulis. 9th 
XBa cjOBa B^ TasoM'B se cuucii bctp'j^todtca y phmcbhx'b nncaTejieft. 
I^epoHi pascKasuBaerB, ^to vb anoxy nepBaro TpiyMBHpaTa, Bor^a 
C0D8B AOMOBpaTiH CB BoeHHoft AHBTaTypoft nepo^ajTB BiaCTB B'B pysH 
BiaoiBBflX'B qecT0JiK)6i(eBi», njion^axB ocTasajacB 6e3rjacH0K), h ^ecr- 
Hse JDAH AepsajH fobophtb tojibbo b^b ^BpyisBd.x'B h sa o6tAOM'B**. 
SHaxeHHTufl opaxopi 6hxb ohchb nexoBOJieH'B STOft po6Koi onnosHi^iefi; 
offb SHajTB ea 6e3CHJiie h coauu'ki'B, qro x^a ae o6cysAaJ0[HCB OTBpuTO 
Ha (^pyirb, rxi rpasxane, bm^^cto Toro, qTo6'B BSAUxaxB bi ^erupexi 
cfteaxi, CB TpH6yHH mofjih 6u yBasiiBaTB Hapoxy BparoBi rocyxapcTBa. 
Ho noAo6HHfl BCouniBH HeroAOBaHijs[ tfujH 6U yse HecBoeBpeMeHHu npn 
nesapaxi. BctirB HSBicTHO, BaBoe snaneHie hm^jih o6iAU B'B pHMCBofi 
BigHi; ^BpyxBd* 6iuiH He iTO HHoe, BBB'B ipynna ryjiaDn^ixrB, boto- 
PHe ocTaHaBJHiBaiiCB hjih caxHJTHCB Ha yjiHAaxB hoa'b OTBpuruirB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



380 BliOTHm BBPOHH. 

HetfoMi, wro6u noroBopHTb Mes^y co6ok). 3th (^dj^H 6ujm, npasxa, 
He 6e3onacHii: niirioHU h aohoc^^hkh, HrpaBnne Torj^a 6ojBiiiyK) pojB h 
o6oraii];aBniiecA na e^evh cbohxi sepTB'B, mofjh no^^cjiymaTL pasroBops 
H nepe^aTB ero Kyxa cjiAyerL. Ho npoH3HeceHHoe R'6]rB-HH6yAb h 
noACJiyinaHHoe aohochhboitl cjiobo nexoBOJibCTBa eme He cocraBjaen 
Offn03Hi]^H. 3a o6'&AOM'b h vl spysR^x^ Morjni 6uTh paacaasHBaeMH 
3a6aBHHe aHeBAors npo i^esapfl, MorjH pas^aBaTBCx nacMi^niBH h ?h- 
TaTBc« caTHpnqecKla CTHxoTBopeHia; ho Bce 3to eme Menbme ^oxoj^HJO 
Ha ^^McTBHTOJibHyD H A^^TejBHyiD onno3Hi^ii(), H^MX TO, ht6 roBopH- 
jiocB BO BpeMH nepsaro TpiyiiBHpaTa h ht6 RasajiocB K^Hi^epoHy sumb 
Po6rhmi» h sajiBHM'B npoTHBOAMcTBieif'B HacHjiii). OcrpoyMie h na- 
tuimKR ocTaBaxHCB eAHHCTBeHHfiiiTB opya&ieM'B b'b pysaxi pHMCBaro o6- 
n^ecTBa npn i^esap^x'B. Ohh 6uxr Heo6xoAHMOK) npHHaj^jresHocTBD HSfl^- 
Haro CB'i^TCBaro o<$ni;ecT6a; ohh saifbHHJH eny ny6jH<rayD ;^i^TejBH0CTB, 
OTb BOTopoft OHO yac OTCTajio. OcTpoyMHHe jiDAH 6ojBnioro CB*Ta, vb 
KOTopoMi B'B TO BpeHfl BH;^Haji fojib npHHa;^jiesaj[a h »eHn^HHaM^, He 
MorjfH npHHBMaTB sa ^ectjs) HOHOTy Bcb Tb BOMOAiH, ROTopHH pasiirpn' 
BajiHCB TOPAa wh cenaT*; 6e3M*pHaH jiecTB, pacroqaeMan nepeAi i^e- 
sapeiTB, BHSusaja hx% yjni6By; hitb 6hjo rpy^HO othochtbch ho csen- 
TH^ecBH B'B o6oroTBopeHi]D yMepmaro hjih acHByo^aro ein;e i^esapji. niyTBH 
9Toro po^a 6hj[H onacnii; npn cjiyqa^ mosho 6ujio Aoporo noHJiaTHTBCn 
3a HHyK) ocTpOTy; ho jreraoe h 6jecTHn^ee o6n^ecTBO Toro BpearenH ran 
Xopo»Hj[o y^a^iHOK) myrRoft, tto npene^perajio a^a hoa cepb^noft onac- 
HocTbH). B 9 He uory ^yBCTBosaTb HHRaaoft sajocrn z'h jiDAflxi, ROTOpne 
roTOBfii jy^me norepiiTb rojiOBy, q'birb saTRHTb Rpacnoe cuobi^o'^, fobo- 
PHJTB CeneRa (oTei^'b) o6'b aTOH-b CB^TCBOM'b otfmecTB'l. jIh)ah Bosnarpax- 
AajH ce6H TasHM'B otfpasoM'B sa ropBByK) naniy, BOTopyio nacB to^bro-tto 
npHHTJiocb BUHHTb Bi ceHaT'6, Txb HaAO 6fiiJ0 OAo6pHTejibHO yju6aTBCJi 
CTopoHHHRaM*B i^esapH H pyftoHjrecRaTb xsajiairB, ROTopmcH ohh ero 
ocunajiH. HejroB'iR'B buxoahjtb H3'b cenaTa HOAOBOJibHUft co6oft h xpy- 

THMH, CB AOCaAOfl B'B CepAI^'b, H HSJIHBaj'B 60 B'B HefiOJTbHIOSrB 06^6- 

ctB^ Apyseft, Ha lecTHOCTB ROTopaxi mopb hojioshtbch. ABTop-B ^Onno- 
3Hi][iH npH ufisSLpaTh^ noApo6HO xapaRTopHsyerb dry npasAHyx) cbIt- 
CByiD OHHOSHi^iK), OAHHCTBeHHyK), RaRyK) 3Haja BjiacTb i^esapeft; ona to 
saTHxajia, to bhobb osneajia, h HHRorAa ne npeRpan^ajacB naAOJiro bo 

BCe BpOMH HMHOpiH. rH6B0CTb H HOeTOHHCTBO COCTaBJIHJIR BCK) OX CHJy. 

Ona npoflBjAJia CBoe cyn^ecTBOBanie to b^ nax(|^jer6, — ^nanpHicipi, bi 

OAHOITB H3'B T'&H'b CaTHpH^eCRHX'b AyXOBHUX'B SaB^H^aHift, B'B BOTOpin'B 

yuepniift cbo6oaho BucBasuBajB Bce, nT6 owb AyxajTB o «hbhxx, — to n 
^ABRX'B cTRxax^, BOTopiio CHa^ajia nepexoAHJTH vub ycvB bt> ycTa no ce- 
Bpery, a noroirb BApyrB noHBjiajiHCB na crbnarB $opyMa, HaqepraHHse ne- 
hsb^cthok) pyBoft. ^THBepift DpeBBpaer'B bhho cb rjhxi nopi saRB sa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHH&l. — HOBOOTJI USlkfjmi% JIHTEPiTyPX. 381 

lAan ipoBH; xeaepb obi> nierb KpoBE, ksm,% npevxe nixB bhho'',— 
BonHTd roBopiJiocb vb arofl noraeHHoft CB^TCsoft jHTepaTypt. Korxa 
njMiuifl HanaAemfl Ai«iaJiici» HeBoanosHUMH wh BHxy ycHjeHHofl 6j(HTeji»* 
HOCTH AOHoc^HKORB, H CTaHOBHJiocb yse o^eHB oflacHBiaTb pacnpocTpa- 
Btn CTixH HJH naM^^jem, HejcoBOJiBHue 6oib]iioro CB^ra HaxoAHJH Kb 
ipeBHBu H HOBUxi eouHOHiiixi TaRifl Ben^H, KOTopufl 6ojte hjh 
leiie noAzoAUH ki HacTOJmeiiy nopiiAKy vb Phm^. 8Ta.jiHTepaTypa 
HueiOBi Taxme ofipan^ajiacb DpeHiiyntecTBeBHo si CBiTCKHM'B jdaami; 
ei rjaBHiucb TearpoMi 6uih ny6juiHHiia HTesdji, npeBpacnyK) xapaExe- 
pBCTHxy KOTopuxi HHTaTeu HaftAerb b% sHHrb Eyacbe. ^ja BacB xe- 
oepb Basest TOJibso o6iiuft zapaKxepi aHajHSHpyeiioft aBTopoMi* onao- 
au^ie. BonpesH yBipeHurifL pacnjOAHBnraxcfl Torxa aohocukobi!, oea 
Be HMijia HH onpcA'&KeHHuxii pysoBOAfln^HX'b Hawaii, he noiosHTeub- 
eyxi uljeft. Tt, KOTopue mhofo roBopuH h noAnacb ocrpHjiii Hac^era 
i^esapefl bi 6oMhmou'h cBirb, Bcero Mesito doxoahjh Ha onacHux'B npo- 
THBHHKOBi. Y nMTb HB 6uio HHBaBoro onpeA^jieHHaro njiasa, ohh se 
BiOAiiH MesAy C060H) BB Bi Raidfl corjamoHiii, ne cocraBuiH BHiero 
noxosaro sa napTio. Biitcrb cb aBTopoifB mu. BoneHHO, ae coMHi* 
Baencfl, ^To B'B PHMi^ H opH uesapBxi enie 6£ijih necTBue jidw, 

HO TpyXHO He COrjaCHTLCfl n HHlfL, ^TO OHH 6iUH OHeHb piABH H 

npexnonHTajiH ne BUCBasuBaTbca bi o6n(ecTBi. 8th p^AKie jdah^ 
un bhaho B9b ApyPHX'b HBieaifi TorAamBefi shbhh h jHxepaTypu^ 
lorjn CHOTp&Tb jiHHib HasaA'b, a ne BuepeA'b; xoibKO vb npomoAHieiii* 
lorjH OHH HaxoAHTK H HO^opaaTb CBOH HAeaju, H BjiiaHie bthxi ik>- 
leA Ba coBpenenHHROBi 6iuo BBOjai^ hhhtosho. Bi j^omeAmnxi AO^ 
Rtei oavjiTfiBBax'b pHMcsoft JiHTopaTypu BpeMOH'b Aoaapefi mu HanpacHO 
craiB 6u HCBATb npflMfiix'b cj^aobi topo, ^t6 mo»ho 6iuo 6u aasBaTb. 
torxtBHHM'b i)0MaHTH8]f0M'B. Ta OTpacjb jHTepaxypu, ROTopyi) mh to- 
nepb HasuBaejTb .Hsan^HOft cjOBOCHocrbK)'', hjih npeBOSHOcnia i^esapeft, 
tan BejHBoe 6jiapo, hjih ho HMijia APyPHX'b HAoajOBi, spoMi tofo se 
iiesqwdHa, HCopaBjeHHaro h AonojfleHHaro jn> hhom'b HSAaHin. Ecjih6^ 
Bi TOTAamfleMi o6n^ecTBi cyn^ecTBOBajiH EaidH*HH6yAb hhslb, jy^niiH 
crpeJueBk; ecinfo oho ne yAOBJierBopaiocb oahok> TOJibKO HacMimBoft; 
euBfo OBo noAPOTOBjiflio npo^Hbifl na^ajia odo^ecTBeHHaro ycrpoftcTBa^ 
TO 9n crpeiLieHiH HHPAi ho mop^h 6u hpohbhtbch Cb 66jbnieft hoj- 
BOToft, Hiarb vb jHTopaTypi. Ho HMeHHO TorAamnaH iHTopaTypa ne 
opejiCTaBjHerb hh OAHofi uoao6ho& nonuTRH. Qb HaH66jibDieK> hoj^o- 

BtpUBOCTbD OTHOCHJIHCb l^esapH £B 4>HJ0C04»iH H <})HJI0C0^aMl>, H fi^H' 

CTBBTeibHO 4^HJoeo4>iH, no cBoexy o6m,euY^ Bceo6i>eMjiK)fli6Hy xapasrepy, 
>!^a Kb APOBHOCTH 6ojbmoe BiiiiHie hb yMU h Ha jHTepaTypy. I^e- 

StpB CMOrpijUl Ha (|^H40C04k>B1>, RBKl Ha HCTHHHUX'b BpaPOBl HMoepiH^ 

« roeeHie hb hhxi, Ha^aBmeecfl upn THBepin, ho npeRpamajiocb ao 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



382 BtCTSilS'B IBPOnH. 

AHTOHHHOB^b. IIpOTHBl HHXl ?aCTO «npHHBMaj[HCB iri^pH**; IipH HopOfli, 

BecnaciaHi h ^oirai^iaHi ohh 6ujh ABme HsroHHeini m^ PHMa h HTajuB. 
Ho 9T0 coBC^iTE He sHaqHTB, qTo6ii OHH 6ujiH j^BHrareMMH A^^nen- 
HOfi onnoaHipH. fifiEOcnuMn^ npasxa, roBopnjH o ctohux^ hto „9Ta 
ceira hjioahtb jihhib sHrpHraHOB^B h MHTesHHsoB's", ho oahhi hsi 
3Thx:b ^MaresHHBOBi", CeHesa, Tor^a se noKasaxB bb oahomi Wb 
CBOHxi HHceiTb, sarB oniH6oHHO noMfi6aoe MH^nie. Oh:b nasuBaen <|^i- 
joco(tK>B'b 6e3MflTesH'bfiniHMH HB^B jK>Aeft, KOTopuiPB Bcero 6oji^e HySHO 
otfnuecTBeHHoe cnosoficTBie, ^rotfii AOCTHrarB BBicmeft My^pocTH^ h ko- 
TOpue npH9HaTejii»Hii BHHOBHHsy dToro caoRoftcTBijf, T.-e. i^esapD. Can 
CeHOKa BO MHorHX'B Mi^crax'B cbohxi coTHHenift BHCsasuBaerB BOBce 
He pecny6jiHBaHCBia y6toxeHiH. HMnepiH npH cnpaBeAJiHooM^ i^esapft 
npoACTaBjifljacB eMy naHjiyqniHM'B npaBHTOJBCTBOM'B; ohb codHaearB, ^o 
HejiBSH BOsepaTHTBCH vb npesHeft pecny6jnBi^, yTpaxHB^ npesHie npara; 
owb npHSHaero BiacTB i^esapeft HeotfxoAHMOft amb cnaceniH PHMa. Torose 
HHi^HiH 6ujn H Apyrie HSB^cTHue MuciHTeiH Toro BpeneHH. Ho ite 
HenoHHMa.iH i^esapn. jI^jh i^esapeft aobojibho 6bijio Toro, ^to <})hjioco4»h 

HJIH COBCiMB HO XOAHJH B'B CeHaTB, RaSB CROpO HO MOFJH Cfb ^eCTBD 

y^acTBoeaTB b^ ero sacbAaHiaxB, hjih xoahih vb coHaTi h Tani moi- 
^ajH; HO HMeHHo npaBo MOJi^arB h ho se^ajiH ocraBHTB hitb i^esapH. 
dna^eHie hx% onnosni^iH 6ujio TaRHirb otipasom ao BpaftHociH npe- 
jBeinqeHO, h caMuft npHHi^Hni en coBepmenHO HCsasen'B. $HJioco4^Ht 
Kone^HO, He jD^Hjra xypHHx^ i^esapeft, ho npeAMeTOMii vx'b HeHaBHcra 
611JH nopoRH, a He BjiacTL i^eaapeft. Ohh, k:b TOiiy se, OTBocnjHCfc ci 
H^BOTopsufb JupespinieMB k'b A^jani Mipa cero; npexBi^CTHHXH xpi- 
cTiaHCTBa, OHH yse npHnncuBajiH xymi cnoco6HOCTB coB^aBaTB ce6i cbod 
caMocTOHTejiBHyv) cyAb6y, neaaBHCHMO oitb bchbhxb cjyqaftHocret, coo- 

C06hOCTI> 6uTB C«iaCTJHBOH) BB HHH^eTi^ H SHTOfiCKHX'B tffixCTBiilXB, H 

CB060AHOD BB OBOBaxB. CaMBie Bpafinie hsb hhxb Aftso sejiajiH roHe- 
Hift AJiH ynpaaHOHiji cBoeft AotfpoA'i^TejiH. $hjioco<|^£I 6iuih co6cTBeHH0 
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cxtHy BOTopux'B pBHCsaa SHSHB He BupatfoTUsajia HH^iero Hoaaro. 3Ta 
BiKorxa njOAOTBopHafl HCTopH^ecsaji noqsa, aopoAHBinaji BejiHsie rpaa- 
laHCKie xapa&Tepu xpeBHaro PHHa, Koropux'B dHepria AOCTajio Ha co- 
3jiaHie BceesiTHaro rocyxapcTBa, TenepL cobc^ws, Hscasjia. IIpesHUi 
cuu 6iUB norpa^eHU Ha axo Tpy^Hoe a^o, h jiyqniie ynti, jiyn* 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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noiBsyercji hub aia aroft a'&jib. 

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1) „Ar8 amandi", in, ex. 121—122. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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OB anqrb Kb aa^aji npeAOcreperaerE "uraTejefi. Tym off& o6pa- 
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tn jHHb xiio TopffiHlji. ,GBasH ce6%,— roBopvrb oh^— hto m aoi- 
inrB ooiH^iTB, h th no6ivnsb Henpeir&HHO. Cava neneaona yse na- 
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kBnmm BToro eopra 6uxa h ohmb sbjihh. OsHxifi saiyercA, ^ro 
MHKiHH yae He^tyBcmrejBHH kb xopomnrB CTHxairB, tto ecxitfiB 
tin rovepi noxHorB mitb toubo ^H-daxy*, ohA noBasaxH 6u emj 
oepk ,Hii snem vb HCTmHO aojoron Bteb, — Becejo roBOpsTB 
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^nm jDdoBB* ^. Bon ajh BasHn seai^HHi (hua HanHcana noaMa 
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lUOJieBH PHMa, H HpiTOlTB X^H TOft ^BCTH Ofl, SOTOpaJI, 2D6h JJifi- 

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f\km jfM 6hKBMSb^—T0Wpwrb uwn: — a oainb 6uxb 6iAeffB, Rorxa 
UDdiaaea, h njiaTHjrB ciOBaicH, noTOMy tto ho mofb njaTHTB nwsivb 



Am. II, sierui 4-a, cr. 7—10. 
*) Are im., n, CT, 277, 278. 

Ton L— flmPK, 1876. 25 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



886 BMTHEB'i IBPOini. 

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ooHOBaHH exHHCTBeHBO HH npHxon, noxotfHUft PH^BS evtiROHS. Howi 
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((yXTO GOBpeReHHRRR Hm He tfiuR pasBpao^Ru h xoRen. ObrxM efeo- 

^) An am., II, ct. 165, 166. 
s) An am., I, ct. 446—464. 
•) An am., II, ct. 697—600. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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xeflie HX'B 6hjio eMy HenpiATHO. 

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tela cji&iaHa nooHTRa Ha6paTB hoboo boAcro, hhrto ho xor&JTB HXtR, 

I OpRHUOCB BeptfOBRTB BeTOpaHORB H BOJIBHOOtHyil^eHHlIX^. Oi^TyR Oti^ 

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cttoyopaBjeHiR, a hmohho dToro-ro cpe;^CTBa r He mofb ynoTpetfiTB vh 

25* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



388 WKfnaa'b ibpoiih. 

xiio kBTjCTh. Onoro lOiniTKH ero npeoi^MisoBan otfa^eenio ocrana 
tiesuoj^Hini ■; MomHO xase ciasarb, too, othocacb wk Q6mficrBj Harm, 
OWL 6wFb eiry mvie noieaeHi, Him seeroiie i^eaapii, ero npeeiiHiKi. 
JBecTOiit xecnoTHSiTb HHOPxa lynme AecnoTHsna yiiipeHHaro h wio- 
B^KOJOotfiiBaro. BjaroxeHCTsie ociatfiaerib xapasrepii, Hstfuron crpa^- 
HiA, HanpoTHBi, jvpbujsiwb BX'h^ H B1& cyn^ocTH THBopift H Hepon 
CA'^JiajiH Kb aroMi OTHomeHiH tfoiBme, h^m'b ABrycrb". Hanpacso i»- 
Taicfl ABrycTb oshbhtb vb dron o6ii^ecTBi rpasxancsiii k ceiietHHi 
Ao6jecTi, HanpacHo CHHraxB owb btb coBntcTHinora ch CBoeft wnt- 
Typoft. Ao6jeeri» ho npexoHCUBaeTCfl yBasaiiH, h Asrycry acKopi npi- 
HuocB y6iAiTBCfl, HTO pasBpan nycTHXb riy6oKie xopHH xase bi m 
ceMeflCTBi. noBOAeHie ero AonepH IOjuh 6iuo xia Hero crpamHun 
yxapoiTB. Owb BOCDHTaii ee Cb BejiH^afiiiiHirB BHmiaBieirb; ho TBterflo 
y^Hjra ee npiiCTL, RaKs np&ni xpeBHk phmjahsr, To^erHo caKb Ab- 
rycTB He hochxb iHoro njaxu, spoMi corsaHHaro senoft h AOiqtBD. 
Jl^yx'B BpoMOHH H cstTCsafl cpe^a sce-TasH pasBpaiiuH docjAahdd. 
HecHacTHafl 6iua HsniaHa on^oirb hbi PHMa. CjyHHjiocfc, hto .HeBfc- 
CTBO ai)6HTb" buhuo KB CB^TTb B!b caMuft vo^jb OA HSTHaHia. Aarycrj 
He Morjo 611TB npiHTHO 9to coHHHeme, xora h ho oho norytfuo ero 
AOhb; ho OHi He BinsaBaxb CBoero neyAOBOJibCTBifl r CHanaja He Hpeertxo- 
Ban noara. 

?t6 se 61UO npHHHHofi cciukh ObhjMa nepesi* xecATB jAtl locii 
noflBjeniii co6ia8HnTejBHOft nodMU? Can ObhaIA CTq>aT6JiBH0 i86i- 
raen roBopHTb 06% drowh npHMO. ^Moi^h, abubiI— BOCKjnii^aen obs 
npH nepBoft BBipiniaDii^e&cii y HeroHecBpoHHOCTH vb oxhoitb .IIociaHii 
Cb noHTa'' (vb MeccauHHy):— He npH6aBiflfi HHiero. SaniirB ne lor; 
H noxopwHTb Cb uomwb neniom aro nenannoe BOcnoHHHamel T* 
GdUBa Obhxjh ecTeeTBOHHO xaia HBciixoBaTeiaMi hobox^ vb pauo- 
o6pa8HUMi& xorawaicB, ocHOBanHUMi na cjtxyi)npa'E cjiOBarb noartt 
Kb pasHHxi xicrax'b ero „Csop(iHHX'B ntceffb**: «3aqd^m < vnin 
HtTTO? SaniMi cxtiaxb riasa moh cootfniBHRaMH naxeHu?.. H u- 
sasasb da to, hto 6im CBHx^Teieirb opecTynjieHiA, cam Toro ae 
BHax; fl BHHOBeffb jhhib Vb TOiTb, HTO y MOHJi 6Hjn rjasa". Sa- 
soro se HpecryueHUi 6iiJE!b offb CBHx^Tejeirb? Oxhh Apujovbr ^^^ 
OKb ysnajTb KaKyD-HH6yxb rocyxapcTBenHyi) Tatay h paarjiacHA ee; 
xpyrie, Hio Offb BHxiJVb iHBiD, cynpyry ABrycra, B!b Banni; TperBi 
CHHTaDiTb ero CBHx^TeJieirb KaKoro-HH6yxB xypHoro nocrynHa Aliryeit, 
6bnb Moser^ ero npecTynHiixi oTHomenifi wb xoHcpH. ByacBO pirn- 
teiBHO H He 6eKB ocHOBamx OTBopraerB Bci bth xoraxBH. Oh^ bsxR^ 
RiDTB K'B o6bKCBemi> cciUBH HOdTa Vb cxoBaxi ero KB ABPycry: ,Be 



1) ,Pont«, n, now. 2, ct. 61. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHSA. — HOBOGTH SAnAAHHX'B JUTlFATTFb. 389 

tjAD pacTpaBjiaTB tboi panii; xoboaho h toA 6ojih, soropyi) oat npnH- 
Hui Te6i 0"* "^TB cjOBa, BHtcxi cb npHBex^HHMH npesAO, nosasu- 
BiDn iieHO, HTO 1108Tb (Siui CBHAiTejieH'B H6 RaBoro-HHSyxB AypHoro 
floeryiiBa AfirycTa, a nsero-ro npecTynjEemfl, otfpanteHHaro npoTHWE 
ABrjera. npecrynjeidB caMoro ABrycra owb He pi^iHuefl 6u ynoini* 
Htn. no MH^Hii) ByacLO, js^ijo Hxen o pasBpaTt bi ceMeftcTst i^e- 
D^ir, H H6 nepBOfl IOjiih, Koropafl vh dTy anoxy cctusH yse x^cflTB 
Jin sua vb HsraaHiH, a o Mjaxmeft K)jdH, Beysi^ i^esapji, Koropaa 
noDua no cronaKB CBoefi MatepH, necMorpic sa npHirtpnyi) sapy, bo- 
Topoft noxBepnacb nocji^AHaji. 06BHHeHHafl vh cbash cl DHomeft 6aiB- 
Doro CB^Ta, CHjaHovB, OHa Taxse tisia iBrHaHa hsi PHMa; ea hs- 
raame coBnaxaen Ch eciUBofi OBSAia. ByacBO iiojaraeTx, tto OBHxift 
inn saiiftniaffb 6% ji)6oBHiia OTHomeHia CHjiaBa h IOjiIh, h ^to i^e- 
sapB npmoifHiurb Tor^a h ero ^HcByccTBO jx)6rtb". 

Ma H6 6YMfiWb ffoxpo0Ho pasBHBaTB dry AoraxBy asropa. Oea Hirter^ 
tt ee6a o^eHB xnoroe; ho x^a xapasrepHCrHBH BpeMOHH aobojbho h 
Toro, ^TO BHHa n09Ta 6iiJia ho nojniTHqecBaro CBoftCTBa. ^ja naci hh- 
lepeeeo Taxace caMoe OTHomeHie OBH^ia jcb ABrycry nocjri^ cciurh. Owb 
nib BocoMb MiTb iiesxy reraiiH, na 6epery Hepnaro Mopa, vb ropoMjA 
Ton, EsnA EDcrenxsH, h ho n^a^Hjrb CBoero AOcroHHCTBa, mro6u 
noiyHBTb npon^enie. Ohi& yMOiaen Apyseft h aseHy, soropofi ne jnD6wPb^ 
w sOTopaa 6iua 6jH8sa k% sent i^esapa, JIebIh, npocnrb sa nero 
ABrycra; ho 9th moa6h hhhto wb cpaBHeHia ch Tin, KOTOpiia ohi^ 
oipai^ien vb caMOMy ^eaapi) h xase bi ero Hso^pasemairb. Bi 
mn MOibCfax'b noan yrpaTHj^b Bcasit cth^'b h Bcasoe ^yscTBO iri^pH. 
On erararB Aaryera He TOJibBO Bione repooB'b xpeBHocn, ho h BBune 
i^fOf/b OjHifna. CpaBHHBaa ero Cb lOoHTepoirb, okb cninniTi^ OAHaxo 
le spiteBHTB, ^To vm 6ovb BOo6paa(aeMiitt, a ABrycrb — 6orb bhxh- 
nrt. Ton xeHb, xorxa xpjn ero Soxra npncaajTb eMy H3o6paseHie 
iWKpa H ero eeMoBoTBa, tfiijrb j^a. nero BejiHSHirb npaaxHuoirb. noon 
le Horb Haraax^Tbca na 9TH HBotipaacenia, ycrpoHXb x^ia hhx'b 
WOBHS H Ha6osHO MOjniJica vn. „CBOpM rojioBa ynaxerb Cb Moerb 
nevb, H rjasa mor tmkxjrb hbi opt^Hn, n^bm a pascraHycb cb 
ttn, MOH 6onil Bu— npieraHb h ajirapb Moero Hecnaeria. Ecjih ren 
ipMWb j6nb Meu, vo na&xen Bacb na Moeft rpyxH' '). Byacbe 
oveab Bi^Bo HaBHBaevb bto 6pexoii% pa6oaincTBa. npH drom OBHxit 
WffoOM Haxierea (Shtb npoH^e&Hmnb. Bo csepTH ABrycTt, oh& 
^rpons Vb ^ecTb ero xpavb, Boenteaen ero vb rercBot Hooirfc, h 
<itann o6p«nsTfiCa bib HOBOxy i^esmpi), B08o6«mjuia cbok Moib6ii h 



>) .TriMi*, II, or. 20a| 210. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



390 Btcmm wfwu. 

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pwa H cootfn^UKOiTB ero yAOBOucTBift; Jlyiuib iq^reajtJenajrL Kb 
TOMy se m>yxBy ■ BoexsauxB i^esapji^ntei^a. IQieHan patforlncTBO- 
Ban nepexi 6oraTOft apHcrosparieft h Hcsaj^ noexpom a68i^. Cam 
TaQHTB, sejHHHft H HerojiyDiiicifi TaiHT%, BHciawBaica npoTmwh jhui, 
a He npoTHBi y^pesaxeHit, h 6iixb Bnajni yxoBjerBopeffb Hpaaiegien 
Tparaa; owh tome HisorAa He 6iu& hh ueflom, hh tjumw Kaaoft-Hi- 
6j» A^reiBHidl onoe8Hi;ui. ^RraTen Moryn naftn y Byae&e, lan i 
y xpyraxi HSCJiixoBaTeieft TOft se bdozh, noxpoiSHOCTH Boy^Hxeivioi 
HeropH^ecBot noBicra, otfHHMaDH^eft shshb h jkiMTenuocrh ea bh- 
xannw^CH jiBTepaTypfliix'E TajanroBi. HawB oeTaercii tojbso OTAtn 
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cnopHTB, TO pasBi TOJBBO zapairepft TsBepiH h xteb c6jiHseBiaxi, 

BOTOpUA OffB M,iMBi&n OTB BpeveHH XO BpeMeHH MeSXy BHOXOfi VfiSir 

peft H BOHi^ovB npomjaro B^Ba. Ho bth edxHseHia ho 8aHHiiai>TB bix* 
Baro Miera vh ero BBHrft; wn xbMBieirh w» tojubo mhxoxoxok^ ■ 
MB nosBoiHHi ee6i na hhi% ho oeraHaajHaaTBea. CqnaeirB Taiae 
coBepmemo HSjamHHVb yBasHBam na HiBOTopuH omtsH, an, eip- 
H^ nexocMOTpH Vh cciubI BBTopa Ha eovHseHu Obhxih. Mh opBBe* 
xevB jy^Hie ero OBOHWTejBmft beiboxi. OnsosHipa Aoaapam iau 
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He nepexoxtf Ai vb xtn. Came HexoBonHue, HHiaa HeHaaBerB n nfi- 
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Ho HMOHHo ora HOHSMi^HHaa MHCA o^ao8H^i■ HeaaTB c8on» repotss 
vb HajiaTHHCROirB xaopi^i h noBasiiBaerB, wro Vh cjufooen OBOoeHipa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpomKi. — HOBOon unifjaTb jmriPiTTPi. 391 

niii TM^wo quijtBopBVt xapairep^. «He iioehmsk), — roBopHn 
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mm HAM^Hie BOBeraiomB pecnj<i»sy. He noAo6Hiu HaMftpeHui 
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caniom HaBanriuif irote npeAii0JiaraT& hx'b. Ecjtm6i^ c^acTjeindt 
ci]«il AoeraBHis* BiacT& TepifaHny hjiii ero OTfl(y, ohh ocTaBHjra 6ii 
ee 91 CQ6(m. Ou, lOHeuo, ejiiiajiH 6h hvl hu lyvnee yaorpedjenie, 
niMi TiBtpiA; obh 6iub (Sh BHHMBTeiBBte x& saiaHUKi vecTHuxi 
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On Hix:^ rojuo Tpetioaajni, wn6% mm noxBtonajiBCB BjacTbD cb 
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ee iHiaewBaa. fiovsb CKpoKHiia seiama tqA onooixi^iH, Korepaa cvHra- 
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BKBtn Be tiiin XHnepa^eoBHirb: oaib ^um% ocyn^ecTBaeHi Ahto- 



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nun eaiiaa ptaonEexiflaa h HeapBiuqMUttui onnoaHiMat 00x06% oia 

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'■^^^BV^ Bwropa: Tnro aa mo fafyufal ■noaxaeirB, BepoxowHliA aai. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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pojH, sa HexocraTon npocToni^ h ace 9T0 OTqaera capaBexino. Ho 
npH 9T0K& Eaioe 6oraTcvBO coxepsaaiji, aaxic yiasaHk Ha ((yxyipe 
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pasHHi^a c% pHMCRHifb no9Toir&, BOTopoirb ma ceAiaei roaopui. 
Kaaofi nopaaHTenHtift soHTpacn! B& m&Kh eaasajncB h rjiy6oioe paa- 
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xpyroft — BHEysAOHHSKb H TMOuiDimKB noQax^^ oxBSB — rpou- 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHIKi.— HOBOCTI SiOlAHHX'B JUmPATTPl. 398 

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loro oe(Sc. dro Bam o6mjA snasoM aft, OTBasHo nosHpyDo^it 6wh bca- 
uro va TO npaBa. Ilepesnflrit CBoe Bpaui, eBponeftciuft EMfiKjasm 
WX^arsx^ H tpmmBTBVh foaorl Tose jn&6ui pHCOBancji, h 9T0 
saeitBjHien^ Hae& ae xoBdhpATL HcspeHHOCTH ero coBpeiieHHiixi saas- 
jeiil. Bb ovB DOBHpyen noroMy, ^to AMcTBHTeji&Ho c^sraerB ce6ji 
vam Tot HJiH Apyroft cjiyqatHOt, saxi^ owh xyvaer^, A^ftCTBHTejBHo- 
en, fro BS^Haen ee6i fb otiasaHHOCTL HanpaBjaTB x^fiCTBHroiL- 
Hocn Kb BBOonDTB HxeajBiTB. Oh%, TaB% oiasaTB, cnraen cetfa CBa- 
]Wii)XftftcrByi>ii^flir& xase xan, vjki AoeraTOTOO opocroro Tonjiaro 
CJOM y6faweHi4i h npocBtfa; oh% ho npocro fobophtb, a HonpeirbHHO 
BfO BO iJ Uf BTb, H au MoriH 6h yxasaTE vh hoboA RHHri BHrropa Foro: 
.Pendant Tezil* ho Majio iipHirtpovb noAo6Haro caiK^HCOBama ne- 
PW ciymaTejJiMH h ^HraTejflHB. H OAHaKO me hhbto ho Mosen 
onaam ooary ho tojibko vl 6ojamowb Taianr^ C03;(aBiiieirb iiHose- 
CTBO BpynflHX'B nooTHieeKn'B ofipaaoB^ Boropue 6e8BOHeqHo Bsme, no 
cioeiqr c^^^qpsaniD, noaraiiecBni otipasoBB pmexoft MysH, ho h b% 
rijrtSoBoft BexpeHHOCTR j6im^emSi^ vb ropamft npeAaHHOCTH o6meMy 
inry. H y Hero, rbkb h y pHHCxaro Hoora, ecTB cboh jhhhhji ciatfo- 
en, 6e8B mropon TaiaHTjnmie jm^n o&aowrca tbkb me mbjio, xase 
o^ HOiBBe, Tfcn jooxH nocpexcTBeHHiie. Ho Hxeajni ero, bbk^ noara, 
m lyf nia h HeopezoAAn^iA cosxaHia ero TBop^ecKofi npHpoxu, ne* 
Tuuo rt, BOTopoe npHHaxJiesarB ero mojioxogth, ho h t4, Boropue 
cowmi mm vh epaBHHreiBHO nexaBHee Bpeiur, vb t9mmi% xanHrajBHHXs 
Mertfaannn npoHaBex^nijni, bbkb, nanp., ^Miserables", ho toako 
cnpeMnDi, ho h tfOFfn 6im HasBaHu Hxeajan 6yxyii^aFo. 



Bb onxaviH smro 6yxyn(aro, sorxa y eBponeftciaro ^jiOBib^ecTBa' 
oim Murts HxeajB h bojabui crpeifxeHia, npnoxHTU Hoxa oera- 
■BnBafMH BB eoBpeMOHHHi'E nzeniHxi wh poxi ApHnoBCiaro npo- 
^leca, wh m^Mnn co B p e g e HHBft vojnmneeBit peajnavB npoaEiMoreff 
n tnmk rpyM CBoeft (j^Hik. Tyn Bin HHHero noxosaro va Bxe- 
UK npoKJMPO HiH tfyxyn^aro; Tyn Boe — ^hhtpriii h jnraHiie cwm mr 
CMmare; ttors Hpoieeeft h BnnaHHafl in 6poinopa, nexaBHo bh* 
■max B¥ i^Dpni: ,Pro niUlo! Vorgeschiehte des Arnlm'sffaen Pro- 
ctMB*^^** emevo f(W^ iMnmUi ^eMon. Om h HH Tepeen H tojbko vb 
^fon oniert, a othdxb ho caim no eedi. 9b wokb eucrt us v 
MaaaBiiBaeam anawHie m t a i ej eft na ipQpKXCBoft 6poHn>pt, BOfopyD 
»tib miMnw ■pBocHBaDT^ rpa#y ApHny, hxh anopy, nieaB* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



394 BMTHm BBfOflU. 

iseiiy flesii>«T&ii»Ho doa'b ero BjiAidem a rl ero Hnepeei, h 
paa, noBflxiuiOMy, nociy sen Mfh HOBOiiy, ewsfi 6oji6 aMeraoxy ifo^ 
i^eccy. 

Mh AajeBH OTi MUGjra yMajun ycrsHOBUBiyDea ciaay FOpinH- 
csaro flicnepcKaro xani^epa, hjih coocotfoTBOBatb qnipai^eHiD ojaBU 
rpa^Mi ApBHMa. Mu h He cuTaem BOSiiOBHiBn HSjiosRTb xapasrej^ 
CTHqecKk lepru Bcero A^a tfHBoraro repMaHesaro xHiMOiiaTa iia ocbd- 
BaaiH oABoft era 6poiiiDpu. Mu, nanpoTHBi, seiaems mu aojoebh 6an 
6e8apHCTpacTHu vb aroirb myuwtejoaom'b ciysefiBOirB ciojaflOBeBi 
AByx% eoBpeneHHuz'B BueoBOflocTaBjOHBuxib jnui'b. Mu npHBexem an 
6poua}pu rpa<|)a ApBHiia Taxifl touso ^pTU, Boropuji hu ipojUiBaim 
cairL Ha coBpeneHHyi) oaiHTSBy repMasiB, hjh BUfleBiB>n zapai^ 

T6pl CO^eneHHUX'b nOJBTH^CKHXl A^Tejet, K BOTOpua MfiMMBSL 

6uTi» Bipflo nepe^aHU Beb (ponnop'b orqacTi noroiiy, ^ro ort se mo- 
6eBHo iiecTHU am eaiioFO rp. Aprnma, ot^bcth no esoeiiy npai^offo- 
Ao6iD H nojHOiiy corjadx) Cb <|»aKTaMH, Bciirb HdBicTHHUR vh Tep- 
xaeiH. 

Bcaopi noeii apecroBBHui iva4»a ApHHica, JJ^Hspaais oca^c^xBO 
saniTHjKb Kb OAHOfl CBoeft pd^^H, iTO iH^Bas CBotfoxa npoororo pate- 
^aro 6ojLiEe orpasABHa vb Ahfjih, ^wb jnmaa ceotexa iqiweroxpaia 
Ha MBTepHB^ droirb orssB'B^nepBaro mmHerpa Ahtjih Hysxaefci » 
Hi^BOTopom AonoxaeHiH: He Bcacift npocroft pa6oiift wb AhfjIh enistn 
TAKB yoopHO HaBflBUBaTb B0My*Hii6yAB CBOB yciyra, mwb aaBawBan 
HX'B CBoeay npaBireiBCTBy oahkb hsi nepBurb apieTORpafroB& Qpyodx, 
noA'B rtm HpeAMroMi^, ?to oh'b CMjmuTb He npaBHreiBoray Boo6fl|Bi| 
a CBoeiiy b^^oid. Ecnfo wn> cb 66jiBHiHirb Aocroiscraovb eraeccf 
Vb CBoeMy npoTSBBHEy npa can em na^ajrib eiomoBeBift cb nib, 
eeiBfii DVB He saAajCA mucjw oeraTbcui bo vo 6h 10 ■■ eiuo ba 
CBOOM'B nocrt Vb napHsi, to Cb Bmwb^ BftpoarM, He ejiyvuMb da 
hci rk 6iAU, na ROTopuA ohi TenepL sajyerca. Ob 1872 roAft^ Ban 
caiTB OHi pascRasuBaeTb, OMy npHxoAHJOCL Tepni^Tb BCHBaro pox* 
otffliAU orb FocyAiapeTBeHHoi EaHi;eiBpw h ea rjwiiaro pyaoBQABWU* 
TocyAapcTBeHHuft RaHi^iep^ ne npRHHiiaen ero, RorAlk ohi opttauMr^ 
B% Bepjnrb; poeyAlipCTBeniiufi naHi^JiepB ertpaerei ne Aonyentb ei9 
Wb Bopotu), H nepexaen cbor MMOMummeeam pacBcyaaii n Oa^ 
pBSfb Be ^Kfen Hocia, a nepedi rjaBHyD RaapTHpy HiM^ans lalcn, 
eofi CTOABpaz^ TOPAa bo ^^mw^ih, ajni, 6e3m neaaoA immmA npr 
^UH, nepeaocarb coBin^uU a nepeixvwpH mn napflsa wm Bepoan^ 
n rp. Apaaiis 0CR<^jmtea, ho AOnyoRaan ace aie^ HBaa ne mif* 
irnvb mmb rpy^ro QOcaaaiH, a^nopee Beaataoaen eny, ne oai yae* 
jBHEb on oamft xmsmgthI 

BpofliK>pa HanacaRR. cm njbMhn aommh, ^m wb eiyattaoHit ««* 

» rp. ApHHKb, RRKB RiAvanmut, m 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



iPOHiKi. — HOBOon aimABHXi Mn?kfjn. 395 

cBtevy HaiftttHJuy, reeyjuapcTBeHaoxj Baamepy , 6HTh aetiMOjuHEuiw 
ero xtteTBUMi; no Bci paeoopasoaifl h KHCTpjBqiH) moMjiMBiiM 
oocion on noeiteHflro, mtioxBMJUtb v% touocth, xotji 6h obA h 
Be MBiian ero mHOMy MHtBuo; "ito noeoii HHSorAft ae HBipBro- 
Bus opx XBopi Hpoma lamj^epa, mso6u wamh ero Micro, ffl 
inu 1873 TOMAy Ban roBtpsi^ 6poBu»pa, roeyxapcneBBaft saHipopB 
onoeuea Kb nocjy Hauyvnnn o6paaoii%, h Hes«j|^jm> sepoAi^ TbM% 
(4(|^n(iaiBH0 BHCBasajn aeiaoie CAi^aTB rpa<|^ ctoam 4iiUBafiiuic% 
iMMO^^ioirb, Ha it6 HimqpaTopi okotho h8mbhji cboo eonade. 
Bi 9T0KB rojiy, jdkTOir&, rp. ApHaifir-iiu roBopim^ co cjobi 6po* 
mqw— 6iiJ» opo^AOiTB wb dmdb^ r^i HaxoxucH topab repMaflCBii 
HinepaTopB. riasa rocyxapcTBa dphhajtb ero cb OTiH<ii0irB h (laro- 
JMVm Mr OKasaHHiu b% IlapBxi yeiyrs. B!b duct 6ujni Torj^a mh- 
HieiiKb rpa^ 8fljeB6yprB h aa^ajiBiaurB B&iBHCuro eotfopaaro Kam* 
rju ^EWBsch, HMlBiiift ponyrai^D jatiepajBHaro pesaocroaro nar- 
IHmu Rb pasroBopi C!b ehmh o npasHaBaeifofi BciMH huh Heo6xojmh 
loen Been 6opi6j » nancTBom, rp. Apmirb BHcaasajTB, wo paa- 
j^iiaen iri» Mflime o ^pe^i HacuBCTBeBBiixi Mftprb, moropiifl «o* 
ryn tfjkiash enacBonovB ByHeHasaMH sa aipy h npHBeoTH Kh pesyib- 

TtTJ, COBepOWBHO npOTHBOnOlOBBOMy npaBBTejbCTBeHHHKB i^iUaB^. 

Ob raoro pasroBopa MMfiTb 6poin>pa napTipoJorb rp. ApHHMa: aiorb 
paaroBopi, Birbcri » paespocrpaHEBniBMBeA tofab ace ciyxauB o 
imoioafl^eirB 6yxT0 6u HasHaieBiB ero hb vicro bb. BaeMapBa, npax- 
CTtBUDTea BBTopy npHWBofi q^yroro noBopora Kb 0(|4>ivauBOia 
QOioBeBiH nocM H CHomefliaz'b ero ci rocyxaperBeHHuirB BBBmepoirb. 
Goi6paateBe bto, eaMO no ee6i, ae opflAeraBJueirb Biqero HOBilpaBT- 
itro. HeBJDVHTejibHiift h x^cnoTHieesii zapaBTep:b repMBBCBaro reey* 
JMKpaBeHHaro Baaqjepa oteodBBaierenb; ho m4b 6opb6u ch bbbi^ xa 
tqe Bb HBHie npasniBecBoe bpomb, nyaau ero TBJiaon) ero JOBBoen, 
ero npBBvrejniCTBeHHUB qteACTBa h aBTopflrerx, a rpa^Kb ApHBirb 
yiyeran b3% aaxy bto bbshoo oiteraaTeibeTBO. IIoHBTao, no bs ero 
pttewnucb osaaajacb bb npaBTaai rpoBaxHai ovatea, sa Boropyv 
en sacTOBO BoajamcB cb iHbxi aopi h, sBBib mh yaajpira, eflna 
BuararcB vh tfyxyD^ejcb. Kb. Bbciibpb&, BaapoTBBi, A^itTBoaaii sa 
ocBgaaaiB BaiB^fliAioaro paaowra, vb nmopowb Be Hum yayaieBO 
Ub Hiy BH OBHoro Bn BasaUann^ yeieaii yeoiKB. 

Ha eeBeBBHiH <w«>fi mobo ipDpneBoft 6poiHB>pu tpyxBo xan 
eeiib acBBt onerb B9b tomb, BaesaiBBo paeKOABJBCb BaHqMp% b bo* 
Wb wb emma bbabbs bo otbobbbii^ wb xiiairb ^Hm^bbib. IIpeBUie 
Mio» uDBs wb msb paftBemaeiBMib aaajiHiaatOB, BOBHXflMOiiyt b» 

"mby nA CBBSan WHBBWH BB. BflCnpBft, BO CJeBBBIb KntnoMBOi 

<|«BpB, exHOKy mn uoBOVb aftKeiiBaro Hooottotaa «b IlBtBBA: 

yJCbBBSa BBBOponi* BO BONBflBii MBft 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



396 Bftcnnm ibpohh. 

ynepi-oij^e]^, HecnpaBBBaa: saiibirb?^ noroMi, KaHiyrepi osixtA 
HiMi6aifciiiaro Bpexa Ai< $paH^iH otb npaBjieHiH Tbepa h eyncecvBo- 
Banifl pecnyfinsH, soropot TpyxHO npiotipi^TaTb oodshheobi, a noeon 
nojiaraiVb oxho Bpeiifl, vto npasjeflie Ti>epa noxroTosjaer^ npaBjeeie 
raii6eTTU H, ejitxoBaTejiBBO, onacHocrb js,ia MOHapxH^ecsaro npiHi^Kna 
vb Eeponi. BpomDpa yrBepsxteiTB oxHaso se caiiHirb p'&mHrejiBHHn 
otfpaaoiTB, TTO, saiOBH 6ii hh (dura ero jih^hbut m H-bHui, owb nocTOAHHo 
BCHOJraAjn HHCTpjKi^H KHHi^jepa H HH MEao He cnocoticTBOBaxB naxeflii) 
TBepa. Mesxy riwh^ yse vb xeEa6pib 1872 roxa, KaHI^»p:B o^^^- 
iqajbHO HicajTB Fp. ApsHny, qro ne Moserb Tepn^Tb, ?to6h npexcra- 
BsreiH ero BeiHwcTBa coemjuum cboh xoHecemji hb ocHOBaeiH ,4Mi- 
omBiixrb ABHHiirb', H wto BCflBoe pasHorjiacie vh x^axi BHinraeft 
noiHTHKH TATb se onacHO, no ero Miiirii), saRi pasBorjntde Kesxy 
XHBHSioHHiiiRb POHepajioirb H nox^HHeHHSM^ eiiy 6pHraj;Hpoirb vb Boes- 
Hoe Bpeifji. npHBOA< TOECTb BTOTO pluiBaro SBM t^afiSfl, 6poiin)pa o6M^ 
HMT^ ^To ^^iBHBioHHut roflopajTb, EOHe^Ho, Moserb npexoHCBTb CBoeiiy 
(SpiiraxHpy aTaiOBaTb HeapUTCjacEie ^opnocTH, saiOBO 6« hh 61210 
MrtHie ((pHraxBpa ^HCienoft oqA HenpiiiTeifl, ho owl He Hosen 
sacraBflTb (^Hraxnpa xynaTb h xoHOCHTb, ?to nenpiflrejib, BOTopara 
ovb BHiHTb, cia6^, ^m 9to Easercji xHBHsioHHoicy BOManxvpy. 

EaBib CKopo xtjo xomo xo noAotfnux'b sbm t^anit, rpa^y ApHixy, 
paxH eo6ci!BeHnaro xocroHHCTBa, ocraBaiocb tojibbo OTBaaaTbca tm 
aannfaeifaro ewb nocra. Ho onb ooTaiex nocioirb h npoxojrauui no- 
ifmTb HOBHe, He Menie ^yBCTBireibHue ypoBH Mn BepxHHa. Tyn 
offb HOXBepraercH saHib^aHiim yse h sa ih^hho h cioBecHoe cboe 
XOBjnu(H HmepaTopy. Bit HHBapft 1874 roxa, Kan osasHBaevui m 
npHBexoHHiirb B!b tiponnopib xoKyvoHTOB^ rp. ApHKH% en^ onpaBXH- 
BMTCA nepeji:b sanqjepoirb vb uothohi mchmi^ w ytitexaen ero n 
HMBom eorjadH wl% nojnnnneeBarb, ne roBopnirb BOBsp^^Hit, ho 
pasewTORb. ^Bana CBtTJoerb,— nHmen maHigwpy nocoJTb, — cviTaeTe 
Hanet diBsaftneft nojrarH^ecsot aaxa^efi bo ^pani^H ho xooycBarB, 
note Bta CTpasa ooaTb eraia onoee6Ha wAn coobhhbobi, m m m- 
CWMHBO m&Tb Vh Bsxy wy vfhn^ jramb oTHOorejibHo Hyreft, bqxJ' 
mrnvh Vb 8Tot qftjn, — b BHCBasiiBajTb MH%Hie, Boropoe ne eoeeta 
cxoxHtcai n Bann^ Borxa a BOiBpaTHJUui CDJM^ vb 0Btff6pi 90* 
nuaro (1873) ^(W^ a Haaiejrb nperaxeHra (Tbepa), BepHyraiartCJr oe* 
pexi rtarb i3i» TpyBHua, rapocnmcb <oabiDe, ^teb bto BMUMreibHO. 
Ohb BupoA He TOibBO B^ co/kfrwoox'b FJABcrb^ so H Bi mliii 
XpyrHZ%; oob emn^ Ban VHft Basaioeb, 6ojriw CHoeotem iMin 
eoDranoBi. Ilox^b BjiBHiem btofo BDeuTjrtniH h 6umo HBOBeaBO bbb 
Xiomeeftie on 3h>o oBntSpa. Ho BTopeirb mmm BeiBpa^eBn, cmm- 
eoMaaie npesuxeBn erne yeaaurocb, h a eurajrb Bomommm 
XfcWboiMBatb, «o i\inmm6mm «as weiieBwrBm EBperi^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHEi. — BOBOGTH aiHiXHHX'b IHTlPiTim. 997 

OHi (hub Bunni oremmi ci 6ojamEWh jMOBOMhemBmh nptcyrenio- 
Ban opi 9T0irB ycuemx. Bte TO-se iqNUfA vb roenoACivyDiiunci 
najuiHeBinrb spjsi^'b 6iuo saiiiTHO Hisoropoe ^tboctbo jxobojib- 
endi no Tony noBOXTi vo nojonraKa r. Tbepa^ zotji h otfyejouemuiA 
TpefionaHifliiH ero co6oTBeHHaro noioseHifl, Hstfarajia 6u HTajrii) on 
Heo6xoxHHOC?B DpHMKHyu 6e3ycjOBHO KL Hameft CKcreiii. Bte dnurb 
oferoierancTBaxi a ho 6ea:b ooaceHia BHx&rbt ?to r. Tbepi CTapaevea 
ynpoHiTB sa eo6ofi BjacTB na^ H^osoJibKO jr&rb h opraEiisoBaTL sss- 
BeBHiu cHjni orpaHH, Kb soTopinrB npHnaxJ^sHn h xeicoBpaTU Faii- 
imsL, npHMHiafl to b'b npaBHTeJbCTBairB, to vl peBOJUHpoBHiiirb 

UBptiHWb. Gl dTOft TOIRS SptHU fl UOJ^VSLTb S BHCSaSUBajTb, HTO 

6bjo 6u sejaTejBBo, hto6i BOstfysAaeiiafl HanaifB npaBHTOJibCTBOirB 
HiMei^aA neuTB ho oouepsHBajia 6ojite cscreify r. Tbepa Tain* 668- 
yeioBHo, Bas!b npeasxe". 

BoTb saicB onpaBxiiBajcfl rp. Aphhitb nepexi cbohitb npoTHBBi- 
loin Kb caMOWb nanajit 1874 roxa. Ho smn^^Mt Tpyjiso 6hjio ciiar- 
Uffb, BBKb CBopo Offb HyaeTBOBaji oe6ii jh^bo aaTpoHyrinrb. Ha- 
HpacHO, wb saBJiDHeflie Torose nHCBxa, nocoj^b sauBJurirb cosailHie o 
ooxtHBHxi mm BOBOxarb onacaTbCfl, tto ovb, noeoxb, „HaxQXflTC4i wb 

iipOTHBOpi^iH Cb HaxipeHUilfH, KOTOpiIXl OPO CB'^TJOCTB BO^TBjrb 

ero CBOBMB HexBycMVCJieHHHiEH HacTaBjemaMH^: bh. BBCuapKb ae xo- 
BOJbCTBOBajefl H TaBHMi yspon^eHieirb cbooto npoTEBBBBa. Eiiy sysvo 
6ujo nouuoe ero yHBTroxeme h, bbbi roBopHTTb fipoonopa, (tb t^b 
Dopb Ha^ajacB npoTBBi^ boto, bo eHraajiy Banqjiepa, BoftBa Tofi caiioft 
,B086ysxaeifoft BpaeHTOJiBCTBOirb B£Meipu)6 seteTa", o&b hsb^^cthoicb 
joorpetfjeBiH Koxopoft bpothfb cHcremi Tbepa ohi cairb BUCBasH- 
BaercB vb BUBfenpflBexaHHOicb mcbui. 

dm Boftsa rocnoxcTByDniefi ni^BeiiBofi bo^uith npoTBBi nwb, 
yipesxeflift, opaBHrejibCTRb b rocyxapcrvb, BenpuTHUZ'b repiiaBCBOify 
upaBBTeibCTBy, cocraBiAevb oabo B8!b CBJibHiftBraxi opyxifi KaH^Jepa. 
Qo xaiHOMy SBasy, xecflTBH rasen BOjiHHiianT^ vb FepiiaHiB myirb 
H Tpesory, Cb nijbW) noxcTaBSTb BOMy-Hstfyxb Hory, wm Bciipo6oBaxB 
oouy, Vb CMiicit CBpHTHZ'B noBB BpaBBTejibCTBeHHia'b BaiiipeBift. Oabkb 
I lOTb xe rojocb BUxijUBaerb pasHOodpasHiu Bapb^ipB na oxny b 
Tj se Tdiiy Vb BepjHHft, K&ibHi, TaHBOBepi b ap. 8to rojocrb BaB^- 
4epa; BapbaipB BHAi^uBaK>TCfl Tavb-HasuBaeannm j^npeciiuBaD^BiiBca'' 
(SeptiliaDer). Kas'b tfHBmee npaBBreubCTBeHHoe jni^o, rp. ApHBirb, 
tOBOHBO) zopomo ssan icezaHBSirb droro BCsyccTBeBHaro BOdtfysAOBiA 
neqani vb T^vb bjib ;Q>yrBzi bbabxi. npexcraBBTe ce6i crpaay, vb 
soTopoft Be XB^ B He Tpa DOXotiHWi raserii, Kas'b y aacfb, a xBax- 
Wb, TpuMaTb H 6ojAe 6praH0B7», BOBOByDB^BZca xftHBum cbfbb- 
lunkuafla^b-saxieHerb, BJBBsi-sa xocraBJBeicHzi^ Bicb oeHcaiyoBHiixs 
sttteoKbr a evbAlwk. Mu auoo noiiBBicb paaroBop^b BaBTb, vb Ha^ajA 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



898 Btonm ibpohii. 

vponursro roxit, c% oxhutb iNmhrepiiaHeBnr& EranHHtpoxinqeirs, o 
coBpeiieflMft vtae^Koft nonmecKot Henara. „E8giebt]i»ittedeiit8die 
PrasBe mehri*^ pteio orosBtieji oh%, cx^an^ MHorosRanreAsiit 
seen pysoD. Bee bto, noBTopaem, xojnHo 6iuo (hm zopomo nBieno 
6iiBme]fy repiiaaeBoiiy noejqr i^ IlapHst, ho oh% saroBopvn (^ 
dToiTL xaienR toibro Torxa, Kor^a , x^o BoeHyjioeB ero jnraniro no- 
MseaiJi. H'TOtfu eoxpaniiTB 9T0 noioxeHfe, om cairb npatitran n cipii- 
TOMy eoxMeTBi0 ne^ara hhopo xapasrepa, Boropaa, nosHXHiioicy, vose 
iipeeMtnMLtaeB, flo n XP7<71> erepoey. VLnvtcfrno, vro b% npoiieert 
rp. Apana eHomeBiii ero e% nemiTBi), npornoxMeTByDiqet HSBicr- 
vuwb irftMiTB repManeai^ oojiirrasv, 6iijni npexmeroirB yeepxrttmn 
HSCJtixoBaHit nposypaTypu, soropiui, Bcpo^eiTB, m noBejra sib seiae- 
mnrB en pa8o6iaTOiiiairB. Haxo xyinvn, ^ro ycHjin ea Bi 9fon 
OTHomeHiH OKasajraeb 6ii 6o.T6e ycniniHinni, ecjratfH oro saxajoes 
qiiBD npoejrtxHTB esexHOBHun OTHomeHix roeyxaperBeHoot sape- 
jrapiH eib eomom iribiiei^BHxrb h xpyrnxi rasen vh repicafliH h sa- 
tpaHBi^et. 9totb npaBRTejBeTBeeHut npieirB, eHa^raxa npHMtHeHHHl 
Vh mapoBBX'B pasvipazi HanojeofioirB HI, Hiirx% ne npsxiftBieTea 
ittnA ei TBBHirB ipiHHBiroirB h BirkmiiBMi yenteoiTB, sasi vb rep- 
MaseKot HMoepiH. 

Sairi^areJirBHo OTHOmOHie tfpomDpu si aTOvy nopasHrenHOMy me- 
sit) eoBpeseBHoent. „Ei micjiy csiBHiftsisx'B oeotieHBoewt roeyxap- 
erBeHsaro KasQjepa, — roBopHrs ona, — npsHaxJiesHn to, ^to ohs ne 
saxoxHTB seTHSy Ha ocHOBaniH o($ieKTHBHO yeraHOBjreHHnrB ^^airron; 
a cosxaeiTB ee. HneTSHSn sis BxexHOBenie ysasHBaen sersHy ero 
sesjTO^HTejiBHoft Harypih, s ys*B ero, Heo6iisHOBeHHo e^acrjraBUl btb 
eBOHxi coo6paseHiAxi, rpynnHpyeirB TOrxa ^asTH TasnrB o6pason> 
qro OHH noxTBopsxaDTB nepsoe, qacTO coBepmeHHO Bibpsoe, BneiaT- 
jrtsie. GosHanie, 6htb Mosen eyn^ecTBOBaBmee nepBOHa^raiBHO, ^m 
HepBoe Bne^aTjrtHie oesoBaHO sa cotfeTBOHHoft xoraxsi sis ^yson 
BHymeHiH, orctynaen sa saxsift nMWb^ vh xajibH%ftiiieirB npoi^eeci 
eoaxasiii hctrhii, nepexi^ Toft dsepriet, n soropoft TBop^ecsaa cua 
jnnHot BOJiH nox^HHflen eeM ^asTH^eesyx) xiteTBHTejBHocTB. Kam- 
jiepib, TaxHHi oOpasoM, npossBOXBHo npscnoco6jiaerB si cbohkb sue- 
juivh DpomexiHee, Haeroan^ee s tfyxyn^ee. Rosy ciy^ajocB 6htb n 
CHoiffeHiaz'B ei bh. BsesapsoirB, totb son sas^TSTB vmroe, <rr6 
HOXTBepsxBen BunieirpRBexeHHoe otfiaCHOHie Hisdropiiti ncsxojRH 
rs^eesHxi saraxovB. XapasTepscTSsy ssBtonm, HeiipiJiTHEin eiy, 
JHITB — a OHH cocraBjuiDTB 6ojn»niHHeTBo — sasi^iepi scerxa xa^^ 
Pb oxHHrb H viTb me eiosazi h otfoporaxi p%?H, ch HenpesftHBim 
HpHeoexRHeniesi oxbhii s Tbvb »e anesxeroBi, soropue tocto osnr- 
6mho HptttoHDreH hmi s% ofeysxaesosy cytfiesry. Heropsfectie 
fj^sm pasosaBOBaen okb noeromso vt oxHsasosot noejAfflBamn- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



iPOHHRi.— nrnocn 91111x01x1 jnmpiTTn. 399 

flocnr^ CB inmpmmaaaneh pasotUa^wieirE vtb iHyrpeHflet cbabv, HpK- 
wm xpMOiorHvceitic ynsank, Bipoarao 6en yimcn, ni«xBirai)TCa 
tmee n HacrMmteiiy BpeiieBv, xiii ycrpaHesii bcabhxi eomrbflift 
n BtpsoevH HSoCpaaeHifl. BeiHsift nejioBtob scerxa npiiAMrh cboA 
mmvnvh T0117 BpeMeen, sorxa ore rocooxcTByen. Tasi h dTOTB 
Xipi Hdo6paaMBui cotinrifi h jnn^ dra BjiaCTb Hax'B Hcropieft nepe- 
■n n coBpeieHHyD jravepaTypy, Ha lOTopyD znash Becusl^vb osa- 
snaen iip^iaxftDmee Bjiame, meHHo b'b iipoH3Bex6Hk esexHeBHOft 
Donn. XyxosecTBemniA npoHBBexeHitf, Koropvfl ovb cosxaen h xoji- 
xeai cosxaBaT^ Biesoviit cbohmh bhcorhmh n/bMnun^ noajaBW>Ten 
la Bcteb KOB^ai ciq)aflii bi paBHOo6pa3H'Uinix'& 4^p]farb h Bpac- 
lan. IfewpzBOCTBiifl Ha((ji)xaTeiB,oiiiH6oqm> bhahti b% dvom sexo- 
xtiiee csepxy s nraposo pasBiTBaxnn^eecfl BHHsy Hcsasetfie sgtrhii. 
dn tMopie Henti&BHoe, xja xocTHseHu i^ijiet HMnepiir, ycraHOBJieme 
KTopiH 9h floiBty roeyxapcTBa. KoHevHO, 9to Bexen ke HisoTopoMy 
oiHOo^pasiD vb otfpasii Mueiet h ptw; soHeno, bto bboxvpb b^ 
uwb m BpoBB la^iH ysacaDn^yn oxHHaROBOCTB sairftpeHiA; ho dro 
BMtfxoxBio ■ BooxH*6 coBiribeTHMO CB HHTepecaiiH ByjiiiTypHoft 6opb6H. 
Bs nocjrtxBeiTb pesynTarb, 9to He tto HHoe, Bars npaKTHsa iesyn- 
Ton a TteB ycoBepneHCTBOBaHieirB, loropoe erajio bobmosho irpH 
loiiOB^ 6e8rpaHfl«ot Biacra nkx'h rocyx^>cTB6HHinra xoxoxaMH h 
njHi nXoeryvHot eoBi^H'' coBpeneHHaro ^eioBisa. Ho, cb xpyrot ci<o- 
p<Riii, wejasE Beerxft npexoTBpamL BxoyiroTpetfjieHie o6pa3yK>nieft 
BCfuy njneniefi, soropaa onaeHa xu orx&ibHiixrB mnjb^ cjiysaHi;fftB 
BBteptoioHS xyxosHHBy. OnacHOCTB dra i4irB tpymi^, hto asropB 
xyxoaecTBeHBaro npoHSBexema ecmerBeHHO CTapaercfl ynoTpe6HTB wA 
cp^craa, wBMUi tojuo Haxoxarcjr vb ^0 pacoopamOHiH, nTo6u itpex- 
«ipaHm ero on paspymeHiii. Oirroro TaBi TpyxHO 6opoTBCA hpoth^b 
•jpaami npexnieaHHOfi (bh. BHCxaprB esasaii^H ^ycTasoBieHHoft^) 



Mh otfpan^aem hb 9Ty xapaBTepH€nnecByi& mswMnj BmiiaBie 
Tki, BTO en^e coaqmnurB saMe-HH(SyxB xoaipie vh orpovHOKy (kuB- 
■BRTBy 6praHonB esponeftcsot esexTOBRot nOTarn wo6mfi^ h st- 
WNijKot wh 0C066IV0CTH. CneByifliqiil Cnecyjumiiil — botb m coBpe- 
leuBt josymn, cDetyjMip^ HoaremraecKaa ujm npomnvjieHHaji, a wh 
Bttuyamrb ejiyvaft to h xpyroe Birbefi. 06nuji naiaja, o6ope m- 
vepecB, o6iqiji Hxea, npiroxHiui xm lexoBftieeTBa — Bce bto wb Hame 
Bpeu HyernH, M«t>piie naxo npexocraBHTB ve^rairejuun, HxeajHenun 
K ooBrasi — Vh poxi nepeanBuaro CBoe Bpeiiii Foro. Hbmi^ nysHO 
leoepB mniHOyxB nocyn^eerBeHHto Boennie HBTdpecu, BHiiirajiA 
Cin, imro ne oeraBunon^ax bi^ iroBoi, sapysHoe noryi^eeTBo, Bc^xa 
moBoe Mxcv«BHTB Hory eoeftxy h 9BCDjiyaTHpoBaTB ero, h cBaaasHoe 
cs BMMB movfmfiCfsmwk o6a€Hi6 Bjacn vb rjadax'B roenoxeTByDiipixi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



400 Monaxb kpobh. 

xiacooM. H Bon HMonteb, muuiBa^^il oe(te at e p T — i coipfiwui 
repiiaiCBtA npaBHTeifcerBeHHot CHcrenH, otfynms^lft m b^okb, le 
8aq>7J(Hfl6T€a oxeaiose npHsnaTB, no sra cacreiiA nojaft eonii- 
eTHMa e& HHTepeeami Kyjn>T7pHot 6opb6hI Epontt ea Beeoaeaon 
noert, Korxa eiiy npixoxuocb ■cmmiBaTB BamaftmU Bespunrnen 
H yHHseHifl, 0H& h Tjn o^HapysiiBaerb hckhhho coapeMeHHyD ipo- 
Toen* Bi HpoH]nraau>ft ot^iHsi CHcreifii, laropao, wo ero mftHiD, 
onpoBHHyja Beeprb XHom, no onomemi) wh Heiiy^ eaima ajeim- 
TapHHii npaaua CBpsMj^aaoctR h CHaiaja (^oeaia ero vh t»pmi7, 
a TenepB rposHTB Budpoeirrb ero bovb hsi ore^ecTBa. 

nocift naxeHui Tiqia, ,npeciaisai)iiqecA^ saroeoiMLiH, no rpa^ 
ApHHiTb He HOHBjrb CBoero noioseeui h CBoet saxa^n onocBranio 
HOBaro ^hlMUKyacBaro npaaHreiBCTBa, nocirkraKb ero npHSHaiMa. 
,BipHO coBciiTb npoTHBOnojiosHoe — roBopim fipoinopa: — rtxe^itt 
nooojTb He mAjFh hh^oto BospasHTB nponn» jHYHecn MaKb-Maron. 
npaaxfti MapmajTb, zora h 6uxb npesaxe o<t>4)Hniaii>HiinrB jnn^oirb, n- 
6ftraji!b CHOHieflift cb rp. ApHmoirb. Owb Bcrpftiajca ch nocjon n 
caJOBBxi npe8HxeHTa TBepa, ho ho corjaiiaiCA noraaiomTBU eh am, 
SB lOMy, oxHaao, ohb (Sim o6a8aH% dTHaeroiTB uAvh d^ass. Qm* 
TOiTB, aasB Biixai>miftCA npexcTaBHren ^paB^ysesot apidH, Haitian 
He MorB He UBecra nocja Ha mieiB o BjiaHiH ere ntfpaiui na ^niis, 
a 8T0 o6oToaTeucTBO Tpe6oBaio on nocJia 6ojiBniot ocropoxHOCii. 
^a H HeiBSfl 6uio nopy^HTBCA aa to, no h icapniajn Mas^-Maron 

Wh CBM> OHOpeXB HO CjMfiTb BHesaHHO 8aifftHeH<B XPymn^ JUIOAi 

csb BOTopmrB ne mejiareiBHO BcrynarB wb o^npajaHiia CHOiHeiif. 
noaroMy, Heo6xoAHMo 6ujo yerasoBHTB npei^exeHTB h aaniTB n 
npHHwni, no Htia ^panipa ho HMfterB KOHCTHiyiQH, xo rkrb inp 
npaBHTejn»CTBa ne 6yxyn 6en MJUhvbtmEx% (fK>p]canHoevet opran* 
BaTB sasxyi) noAo6Hyi> xH^nyi) nepttrbny. Rb vrovboaKxt xohmhb 
rp. ApHHicB CBoeny npaBHTOJiBCTBy, h ero ycHjdairB xojisbo ton 
npHiiHcaHO eeFJUtmeHie Ba6HHeiroBiB 6epjniHeBaro, neraptypreiaFO, vtM- 
caaro, phm caaro h xpyrnn — ne npasHasaTB Mapniaia Man^-Maitm, 
Doaa OffB He BosBienxB yeraHOBieHmnrB nopaxaoai o oaoen BCffi- 
jeniH wk ynpaajreHie 4>paH]pei). Rb EepjniHft ere tiiuo xopomo is- 
BicTHO, nQTOMy wo BHflSB BflciiapKB o6paTMca n% Ka6HHeran do 
npeMOseHi» ooejia, qT06H xocnirHyTB conaiHeflia ch hhhb. H, aioi- 
xose, o<M^Hiqo8Hiifl raaeni (SeseniAHiftHnm oipason Banan m 
rpMpa ApHHMa*'. Sajo6a nocjia na m« naHaxia, KURNMBHaa n 
HHCBMik KB aanqjepy, 6iua ocraBjeea iioejiijiHHirB 6en onira. 
BiribcTO Toro, aaHi^iepB HpHCiajn eiiy hhobmo* xpyrore poxpt, lOfspoe 
HMiio xapaarepi BuroBopa aa jn^Hoe cootfnteHie nocia mnepafipr 
^paHi^yacsHzi x^Bjub. Hsib aroro Hocjama bhxho, no unepafepb 
BHAreiBiTB paaxiiajTB onaoraia nocja OTHocarenHO pecoy&iiiiB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xpoHiBA.— Hoeobn usujifssrb impiTirb. 401 

cun nocAwoA npaBjMu T&epa, h vro 9io otictoarejnevBo 6iU0 
^tlBe Henpuno sam^epy. Dojanur, ^to ^jy^aoHMfb npaBHtejiBCTBom 
10 #pftH]qH Boerxa iyxen rame, xoTop«M7 npm^erea ynorpetmB 
■■<6iiiii)ff) ^aerB CBodl euu Ha 6o{^6y n cwNuni BvyrpeHHHia 
iptn«i% KBASb BBCKa^rb oiBTajn HeoiteownnrL noxxepsHsaTB bo 
^lUH T&epa. Bb csoem Burosopi locxy owh BHeBasuBaen, qvo 
jX(»eun»cnie, c:& Koropiim <Siuo BcrpibieHo naxeme Tiepa Bcibm 
lonnnecsHiui npoTHBHHsaini repiuudH', X^xasHBaen BipvocTB ero 
paic«ieTa, h «o nocoji mixb, vh avovE OTHomemH, Bpexvoa BjriflHie 
u nnepaTopa, BiiymaA eiiy onaeemji sa 6yxy^H0CT& MosapxiraeMaiv 
npnQHint Kb Eqioii^ ecju saTbepoirB nociixyen rai[6nTa. IIhcbmo 
m nepenonnHO otiHXHHioi h AepaaniH BHpaseHijoiH, h aasjno^eHO 
yiposoft cxixaTB HnepaTopy xouan o iieodxoxHifocTH BoaeraHoranb 

ejQDMf BO H XHCI^BUBHy BO BHiniHeft nOnTHSft H H86aBBTL cJT^stiy 

m Ben^neiBa on Bpexnaro ^eiOBisa. 

BpomDpa sasuBaerb wA am ^asrii h ocHOBaHHtui na hhxb eo- 
oiiptiMWiiff sam^epa eoBepioeHHO jhnbhhmh, h CTapaeTea AOsasaTL dro. 
On citBHrb Ha bhj^ Ty Te(^ii> „MHHHeTepcEaro AOcnoTHSMa', no bo- 
lopot ,iiocjii H nocjavHHKH o($ifl8aHH TaRb oapanraBaTb cboh xoHOce- 
01, tan dTo yroAHO MHHHcrpy''. ^Ecjm&h era iieopui (hua npRHara 
Bcim, TO (duo 6h eeieeTBOHHie h npome H^tKroBiarb act oocon- 
ciii xoiieeeHi& vb BepiHHi'*. Ho, noBTopaerb 6ponnDpa, xoHeoeRia 
IV* ApiHHa BOBce ho hm^ih OBpaeiH, neyxotinofi XJra rocyxapcTBOHHaro 
lal^Jepa. Ohb yrBepsxaen^ ^npo noeoxb bobco bo craaHjrb ero vb 
wfo>XiHOcn BecTH 6opb6y nponwb ero xoHeceHifi, hto xh. BHCMapxi 
M xoFb CBasarb HMneparopy: ^Banie BanraecTBOf rp. ApHHm xoho- 
cm Kb TaBOMi CHHCJii H cb Tasofi OBpacxofi, BOT(q)!ie ho OTBiiaDn 
vom HHcq^yBiQ4i]rb, h a npemy yaoiHTb iceHa hjh es^''. ,Kh. Bhc- 
Mipn,— npoxoiisaairb tfpoimopa, — ho Hora cBaaarb btofo, BO-aepBiixft, 
DOToxy, vto noGon xohochxb ho TaB&, aaarb OKb yrBepaxaerb b% cbo- ' 
en Banmopd^ h, BO-Bropuxb, HOTony, hto noeoxb HK&rb h npaso h 
oiiaBaHHocTb BHCBasHBaTB cBoe MB^Hie, nosa offb HaxoxHJca vb otbIit- 
ciMBoirb HOJOsemH''. Oh% npoero HMftn Kb BHxy noxoraBRTb Hory 
Boeij,— H 8T0 otiiuieHaeTea cb ero CTopomi BaB% jnraHiiwb xapaBto- 
pom, Tasb H OHni6oiHbnrb, ho domirb tfpoBropii, npexnojOBemeirb, 
vo loeocb BMixb Taftuia CHomeHia cb HicuepafopoKb, h npiroMSb 
cioiDeiU eaMaro onaraaro CBotcraa. OrcDxa, roBopHT^ (ipoiODpa, Bcfi 
Ti leoi^aTBOCTH, BOTopua Hoeoxb xojase&i 6iijrb HcminiBaib no toxbko 
on cBoepo 6epiHHeBaro HaiaibOTBa, ho h bi cbohxi CHomemarb cfb v&cb 
■pttnexbcnoiTb, npa Bovopoiv^ (OEb 6urb asipeAHTOBaffb h cb boto- 
Vatb jepnaHCBift aaBiuopb enoeHJca HHumb Hyrewb, homhmo hogjnu 

Alio wo a&b yejoBiax'b oaoHUTenHaro ouii^eHia ^paHityscBBxi 

Tom I.— flflBAPB, 1876. 26 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



402 BMlBSn XBtOBB. 

AenapraiieBiOBi atiieiitBHini BotcBam s yuart seaiiravnns nuup- 
AOVB, s nocoii wh 9T0 BpenA cmpaico, sati roBopBT% on cm n 
CBOHXi AOHeceBiiirb, o6iiaiiyTb 4^paB^7aoB% BssynqiMiiCfl jcrjvKua, 
soTopiia Bi cyi^Boera — aro od«tb ero cjoea — xoMmaa 6wa yzyxpm 
Hxi nojumeme. Obi coBteoBan oiBcnrr& xeDapraKeHTii, ho ocrtBm 
rapHBB0H% vh BeiB^pi, coxpaHaa sa TepiiaHiet opaao bo bcuob m- 
Hoe BpeiuE CHoaa BToprHyrbc;! bo $paHiu0, een jcjobU MBpa ee 6j- 

X7TB ■CBOUHeHIi Kb TOIBOCTH, npBpaBBHBafl ^pBBl^l) HBHCBOt 06iiCH 

BO BpeiiB BauTia ea ^paHi^ysaxK. IIo MBtsiD rp. A^HBMa, BHcaattf- 
HOMy KB Toft se xenemib, obi »He bbahtb, nowxy (j^paHmsH m 
Aomii oepBfiie BOvyBCTBOBarb norpe^Hocrb vb opaMBpeHiH Oh Hefu- 
Biefi, T&TB 6ojrbe, mvo bi cyI^BOCTB nocjixHaa se ^Bcnyen nia- 
Boft Bpasxu Kh hbvb''. OcTBiBBOft Espooi, npB6aBJULn oh&, bos 
npexxoseHia noBasyrca na nepaiift BsrjuijrB xaae xerBOBiieiemo 
BeiHBOxyiBHHBH, H Tbwh xysco 6yAeirB xjia ^pasipB, ecjn osa oxaserei 
„He<SjiaroxBpHOi)^ Wh rjiasaxi Eaponu. Eohbohipii 6iiJia noxnBcaea 
15*ro Mapra 1873 roxa, a Mesxy Tivh 0(MNiao8HHa raseni opoAOiauii 
yTBopsjiaTb, TOO rpa^ Apnairb tojebbo MimajTB oioay x^> Bpoanoft 
Hxen en^e xajr&e. Oaa roBopHTi, ccmnuicb bb o^BqianBiui leie- 
rpaHMH, noxy^BBHB bocxomi^ vh to Bpexa vb llapasi, no ubs; 
jepB npexoHCHBan eiiy cb yaopowb, no BucovaftnieBy noBexfteuo, iie- 
nojooTB TO, qT6 ne toxbbo 6iuo BcnoiBeHO nocxovh npesjie, lo o 
^i0KB nocji^xBift yase xohocbji Basmepy, bbbi otirb ECBOjraeaBon. 
UoKh BjdaHieirb draxi npepeaaHit, saajDieHie BOHBeHioB 6iuo oepe- 
BecoHO Vb BepiBB^b, rxi aaai^iepi conacHJica oTBasaTBca on sauiuE 
6aiB(|K>pa, xora bi to se apwa npexnflCiiBajrB nocjiy otbdxb hb o^ 
crynaTB ot:b dToro ycioaia. 

Eorxa ^HTaenzB noaaBaHia oxBoft cropoHii, aeiBBfl, bohmbo, liMVia^ 
BMBOXOBTB, HO BucjiymaKB B xpyroft. Ho m^ BacToanieirB ojiyvii i 
oxBOCTopoHBia noBasaaia yfiisxannb, qro vb CBOBtefliasE roeyxap* 
CTBOBHOfi BBHi^jia^B Cb repflaBCKflWb nocojibCTBOBi wb napBsi He- 
eoMBisBo nporjuxHBaem aMiasie oepaot cx^btb DOcaiABeay lais 
xosHO 6ojibnie aenpiaTHocTett, b ^to bz'b AauffUiBia o^m^iaibHiifl 
CBomeHia crajnr HeBOSBOSBHBB. „H8i Bepjaaa^ — roBopsTb ipomjoft, 
— ^pacnpoerpaBBxocb MHiHie, nepemexaiBe bo bc§ 6jrB8BO ctaawjJL n 
BBHi^epy raaoTH, tto rp. ApBBWb Baxtpeaao saBOXJaxb suuD^aie 
B0HB6H^iflf B 9T0 BOdTOBy BysHO 6hjio nepoBOCTB neperoDopu n Bep- 
XBWb. Bnocj^xcTBiB TO me o6BBfleBie 6ujio bobtopoho b% aBTjdftGBofi 
rasert „Tlie Hour", cocroao^eft nojpb BjiaaieBi repMaacBaFO bbcib n 
lOBXoflt, rpa4»a MnHCTopa. HasHamaie raaem ,Tfae Honr*— BBeasi- 
BBTb afti^a, BinLiaxHBaeBua vbo^HqioaBoft ^paai nMTBHn yroii 
Vb BepjiBBi, xb6h ohb noTOKb Boaapaoi^aiBCb a^b repaaHiK) m sa^e- 
CTBit opBrBHajThHwrb aHriiftcBHZ'b rojy6efi'. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



xFOiiKi. — lOBOcn SAnAAHHX'^ miPiTm. 403 

Tonio TBiiqiB, uocjtk i^tro paxa hitb camiirb ooHCBBaetem 
«ciop6ieHift, rpatj^ ApsHm otfEA^cx He na myrKy. HaapacBo npo- 
Mwrb a6iflCHeHift wb Kaai^epa, KOToptii ne OTBftqarb en j, OB'S 
4(^uefl K'B HimepaTopy c!b npocBtfoA HasnaqHTb ciftACToie no ero 
lijiy. TojBBO Tenepis roBopHrb 6poiiii)pa, ohtb nepecTajrb CHHraffb 06- 
fm» xificT^ift laai^epa b3& OTHomeHiB b'e neicy cj'i^jiCTBieirE He spe- 
leHioft pasxpasHTejBHocTH, a „DpexB8ATofi TeHAeH^iH*'. HMnepaTop^ 
Bu&reiBMfb co($cTBeHHopy9Huirb hhcbmom'b yBixomLrb nocia, ^to nepe- 
un laHi^epy ero npocB6y cjAactbui, ho ^to saHi^jiepi OTBasaicfl 
HpnuTB ee, oosa ona He 6yxeT!B AOCTaBjiena eiiy o6inHiurB ciyse(S- 
BSTb nopjiABOirb. Kh. BncicapKB cranoBBjiCH TasHVb o6pa80Mi cyxBen 
n eo6cTBraHO]rB x^bjA. Fpa^ ApHHm OAHaso se ocraBajCH nocjioirb, 
10 apoBeji H leuiGfl Tpn liTHHXb uicsnh 1873 roxa na pasHHzrb 
BOxax'B. ,H n are Bpeiui,— fobophtb (iponiDpa, — oh'b nojywjrE niao- 
T^MU coo6nieHiji rocyxapcTBeHnaro saHi^Jiepa, KoropiiH noKasajiH eiiy, 
UKh ycHiHiacB HenaBBCTb vb nexy kh. BHCMapRa''. 

Jle^Hie H BOW He noMimajui oxHaso se rpa4>y ApHHMy 8a6oTHT&C4i 
coxpaHOHiH CBoero ciyse6Haro nocra* Oh'b 6iU'B wb aro BpexB b'b 
BepjiHi, ■ 1-ro ceHTBiSpB (1873) 6ujrh npHurb HMnepaTOTOMi Bhzb- 
raiuoMib. „IIocoxB cnpocHjnb ero BaiH^ecTBO, — roBopHirL 6pon[Dpa,-r-se- 
nen jh orb OTOSBanifl ero h3:b IlapHsa h Boo($iiie ocTaaieHis hm'b 
uys6u'^. HMnepaxopi BaiBrejbicL OTB'&^ajTb HadTors BonpocB OTpaiia- 
lejuo, saiii^THBi, ^TO nirb B'B Tony HBsaBoro ocHOBaflix. IIo MH^^aii) 
tfo BeiB^ecTsa, Bce a^o vl .raacune" bh. BHcnapBa, BOTopaa t^wb 
iBHie noHATHa HMnepaTopy, tto oh'b cam* ho sjooaiuiTeffB. Ho tran- 
cmie'— rocnoxcTBynniaB qepTa wh xapaBTopi bhasb, h oiohb rpycrno 
niiih ee kb ^eioatBt, OBasaBmeMi ctoib 6oju>mu[ saciyrB. dra ^raa- 
^one' yaM yxaJBja MHorBX'B BipHUZ^b cr/rb ero BaiBHecTBa — FoJBi^a, ' 
Tue, GaBBHBB, yaexoMa, Beprepa h jq^yrBZ'B. ^TenepB Bama o^epeAB*, 
ipi6aBBjnb HKoepaTopi. rpa4Kb ApsBMi BospasHJB, hto obi — ciyra 
mepaTopa, a ne bhbsb BBCiiapBa, b cwTaenb cbobwb xojrom en^e pan 
noKasaTB rocyAapcTBeflBOMy saBii^jepy, aaBi^ HeocBOBaTeJBBU wA ao- 
BOW, soTopyMB OBI, 6uTB Moson caH!b BBexeBHuft B'B 8a6jiyacAeBie, 
o6iicHfleirB cbod HenaBBCTB. Ero sejiBqecTBO bsibbbj^b aa to cboo 
coriade, b rpa4nb Apbbb'b oTnpaBBjiCB b'b bh. BBCMapsy. lIocojrB 6uxb 
n TO BpeMB 6oieH%; ero nepBHaa cflcreMa 6ujia tbb'b ooTpBceaa, hto 
^ HyxBO 6hjo b^bojibbo MBHyrB, npesxe n±u% ob'b mopb BaqaTB 
Pi^ Koaiy SHaBOMa ra (oji^hb, BOTopon b'b to bpomb CTpa^ajTB rp. 
ApHHBi vb Bucmeft creoeBB, totb saaeTi, hto obb BMierb nocrtx* 
^^nkwb xu 6ojiBHoro BeBOSii osboctb fobopbtb, BorAa obi cbibbo bos- 
ffWfiVb^ B BiBOTopiUTB o6pa80B'B BapajflsyeTB aauKB (BeyAotfauft no- 
^<^ SBBtonrB Mu orb ce6fl luuioxoAOicb). Kb. BBCMaprB, Boroput 

26* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



404 BftOTEin BBPonH. 

H9 B% UKom ciy^aib ne Morb He wuirwrh^ vh KSion MynreiBion 
cocTOflfUH HaxoxHJicji Fp. ApHHiTB, He cxtJiajTB Hnero XJui o&ierwHM 
dToro tooTOXHLi. Se p&mant d'ftise de se trouver en a bonne buM^ 
owb Ha^ajTB pasroBOiKb vh o6hxhohi toh^^ BeuBOxyiHHaro, CBOiotiiara 
Bejraqifl H MHJiocTHBaro eHHCxosAeniji, BiKoropoMy re wEwpy nHyry 
m tfHJio HHxaBoro noeo^^a. Ha npocBtfy rpa<|>a ApHna cieasaTL evy, 
«6 eotfcTBeHHO cjrysHTE npH^HHot Toro „oseeTeTOHiii", cb Boropim 
offb, KaHi^epi, npecjiiiAyerb ero, Knasb paapasHjicfl norosoirb ynpe- 
BOBi, SI ROTopuirB 0KB opHroTOBucA, KaBi 9T0 nosasiiBajni lesu- 
mui Ha CT0jr& tfTxarn. „fl npecjri^xyeiiBft, a He bu", csasan bhisi. 
,Borb yaee roxis, ^to bu othajh y neHH noRot, ^to bh pascrpaHBteie 
uEi s^opoBBe. Bh Tafino xMcTByere npoTHBi moha sa-oxno cb nne- 
patpHi^eft h ho ycnoROHrecB xo r'bTb nopB, nosa ne CHxere 8a dron 
eaMHft CTOJi, faA m. TOoepB CHsy. fl SHaD BacB cb mojioxhxi j^^tb. Bb 
yseTorxa roBopHjra, hto BHXHre vh RasxomHa^ajBHnct Banteroecie* 
CTBOHHaro Bpara. Rb dry mrayry bbhtb Bpan — e. Bh BaiiexJnuH sa- 
Bjno^enie KOHBeni^iH 15-ro ifapra, ^TO&b CBeprnyxB TB^a, a wsA npi- 
xoahtca necTH OTB^TCTBeHHOCTB 8a dTy noiHTHiecRyK) omH6By. Bh sa- 
jiOBaxHCB Ha MeHA HMnepBTopy, bh HMtere npn xBOpiTaidH cmmmi, 
BOTOpHJi yse npesAe noMimajH mA hphsbbtb Bac% coxa". Kmsk 
npHCOexHHHJTB en^ mioroe, vb ^em ne 6hio Torxa HHKasoft HMoi- 
HOCTR. ^McTBHreiBHoe HJiH npHTBopHoe— pasxpasenie a^jolmo p%vb em 

6e8CBJf8H0D. OffB HOiepRXB HOCJixOBaTeUHyi) HHTB cotfHTit. To, ^ 

npoRczoxHio xaBHO) OHi OTHOCHJTB Ri HexaBHexy BpeiieHH, H Hao6o- 
pom. Bb saRjno^eHle ofn> yrBepacxaJTB, ^ro Bce, nr6 ohi roBOpm, 
ocHcmano na hoxihhhhx'b aRTarB, ho hhi^hi ho xoRasHBan enpaBex* 

JIRBOCTH CBOHKB CJOBX. OcotfOHHyK) BRSHOCTB npRXaBaJl OHX seiBHiD, 

safflureHHOMy hocjiovb rpa^y 3&ieH6ypry rb H0fl6pi 1872 roxa, 61m 
npHBBaHHHiTB Bi BopXHOD naiRTy. Bb dTosTB sejianiH rh. BRcnapn 

BHX^A HeCOMH^HHOe XORasaTOJIBCTBO HeHCI^HXOft MCTHTeiBHOCTI If. 

ApHHMa. „Bfei acejiajra Torxa bsatb npoxoisHTeiBHHft ornyeRB, HTO(te 

iHTpHTOBSaTB npOTHBl XOHA Vb npHXBOpfiUXIb RpySR&X^ HORR X 6ui 

KB Bapi(RHt, TaKB qro r xojseffb 6hjii npexnHcaTB Bam no nafui- 
CTBy BOSBpaTHTBCR Kb BamoHy nocry'^. 

Bponmpa HasHBaerB Bee aro jioshhitb, h npHnoiaiHaen eiixyO' 
npfi cjrn^. Korxa rh. BHCxapvB (huB enie npyceRHm nocjaHHHROirb 
H HaxoxHiea wb 185*^ roxy vb OTnycRy vb BepjHHi, oh<b ornpaBRJUi 
no Hexe^HiH qK)Ra ornycRa, kb TorxamneMy ifHHHCi>py HfleerpaHEHxi 
X^bJVB, ^to6h npocHTB ero npoxjeniH ornycRa. Mhhhctpb oTBi^ui 
Ha dry HpoeB6y: „jiD6e8Huft r. (j^Hi-BncMapKB, a SHaD, tto bh boc- 
noiBBOBajniCB Bammi% npe6HBaHieH% 8x4^, vrote CB^rayTB Hesi, h 
Hit) BH CB 8T0X> ^d^x> npocHTO npox^TBHiH omycRR. Sejai) bbrb 
nojraaro ycnixa h xax) Bam HcnpanniBaeMHft ornycRB*. Eh. BiCMapiB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHni. — EOBOOTfl SAniXHHXl^ UTEPlTyFB. 405 

om CMTTucji B npOMQjf^ajrb. „Mii Moseiii, — roeopHTB tfponuopa,— 
n»an» jihi^o, npa Koropoirb npoHCXOAHJTB aTOrb pasroBop-b (tb hh- 
ifanHm rocyxapcTBeHHincB saniuepoM'B*'. 

ycnosoeEHiift rjiaBoft rocyxapcrsa, rp. Aphhitb BOSBpaTUca b^ 
QaiHocb Ki CBoeifj nocry. Offb roBOpim, hto bi BHxy iflqearo pas- 
jqMseBui laai^jiepa ne cvej^ nysHiiM'B Tpe6oBaTB oxcraBBH; kh. Bhc- 
nfKbj a CBoefi cropOHu, SHaa HacTpoeme HMnepaTopa b% dTOM^b A^^J^i 
tm He noipe(k>Bajrb Tenepb se ero yBoibHeniA. Gi HHirb nocojB pas- 
«nRt TaKse, Rasi^ rosopHrb 6po]iiDpa, „HCRpeHHO sejiaa npexaTb 
iiteiix) oponuoe^^ h ^xase s&aBHjB CBoe co2Kai:&irie o xoirb, hto, 
fan xosen, saTpyxHui cBoefi saxo6oft HMnepaTopy npaiioe coria- 
msme cb RRAseirb^. 

BcKopi nacTHpcBiA nocjiaHifl (f^paHi^ydCRHX'B enHcsonoBi noxaxH 

ttamepy h npexaHHofi eiiy ne^axH hobhS uoboa'b ki> HaoaAeHLnrb sa 

•Kja Mu He 6jMfiWh bxoxhtl vb noApo6HOCTH dToro xija, rarb Karb 

mnmMh yse xocTaToqeo osHasoMjieHi Tenepb h cb xapaKrepoirb 

l9pb6H Mesxy XByiffl repMaHCBHMH caHafiHHBaMH, h cb caMon 6poiiii>- 

iQi. Ilocjut o6BHHAjra wb Toirb, HTO Offb He yB^xoMJifljrb CBoero npa- 

jmibeTBa o j^iAarBiavb ^paHo^yacsHxi enHCBonoBi h He ju^jpb orpa- 

'im Vb dxaiTb A%j% HE npaBa CBoero oreqecTBa, hh xase ^xoctohh- 

Mo cBoero rocyxapa". roBopBjH,.TOO kh. BHCMapEi Cuxb Bunyx- 

Wtl caiTb HpHHATbca sa 9T0 A^xo, 9To6u BUACHHTb ero nyTeiTb nepe- 

iMpoBTb Cb ^^paHi^yscBHM'b nocjOM'b Vb BepiHHi H HOJiy^HTb Heo6xo- 

warn yAOBj^TBopenie. Bpomnpa HaBinaerb Bce aro hhctod JiosbO, h 

^fttoxvn nOApo6HoeTH oeperoBopoBi nocja cb (H^pani^yscBHirb npaBH- 

nncTBOMi no aroiiy A^y* Oaa yxBepsxaerL, ^to Bani^Jiep'b ne xo* 

Mrb H npaHUMH neperoBopaMH ci ^paHntysesHirb nocioifb hh oxHoro 

■ft Tix'b pesyjibTBTOBi, KOTopHxrb Tpe6oBajrb orb repiiaHCKaro nocjut 

in nai^osi. DeperoBopu 6Hjra nepeneceBu vb DapHBi^ RaR'b noia- 

*fteTb dpoHUopa, cb exHHCTBeHHoft i^^jibd nocraBHTb nocjia bt> hobos* 

^nnoe noxoseme, BaBi aTO yse 6iuo cx'^jiaHO bo Bpeiia neperoBo- 

|on KOHBeH^iH 15-ro icapTa. FepMaHCRifi xaHi^epi, no cjOBairb 

ipoHDpH, xase npexynpesxaji repi^ora ^esasa npoTHBi rp. ApHHua, 

oiaarb oxHoicy arenry: ,,Monsieur de Decases doit 6tre bien jeune 

loor 86 livrer a des 6panchements vis-i-vis d'Arnim''. JIi)6on£iTHO Tose 

9jroe x^o vb vtowb se pox%: X&io o ^paHi^yscBoft yjibTpanoHTaH- 

\nxA neqara. rpa4»y ApHHMy 6iuo npexnHcano HB'b Bepjisna saaBiarb 

i 4l«H(y8c«>]fy npaBHreibCTBy, Kasxua Ab^ nex^xH, saxodH na axy 

jMtrb. sFpa^r^ ApHHHib HcnoxHaxb aro nopyqenie Cb BOSMOSHHirb 

: nniMDwaieaeb noiurayTaro cpoKa"*, roBopH^b (iponnopa; ho Korxa rasera 

I tUiiTers'^ 6iua npioeraHOBxeHa BCiixcTBie saxofii nocxa, oh^ nojy- 

VA crixyiM^ift OTB^Ti Ea CBoe coofin^eme o6b axoirb: .no Moeny 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



406 Bfioms'L KBPonH. 

XHimD, H^TB HHBaEoft nojiBSU A^jaTB raseri ^Uniyers' peuaiiy m^ 
Toro, mo OHa sanpen^ena no Hamexy saiaHii). jSucjicapK^". 

CTOpOHHHBit BHflBA BHCMapBa ClOBOCHO H Iie^aTHO HaSHBajHI rjtt^ 

ApHHMa CRpuTUMi ziepEKMOWh, H dTO BiiSBaio nocjtxHJiro Ha no- 
M^n^eHie b% BtHCKoft raseri .Presse^ CBoeft saimeRH o eo6opi, eoeru- 
jeHHofi emfi vb iDHt 1870 roxa, sorjia rp. ApHHifB 6ui% upexenn- 
Tej[eM!b FepMaHiH npH nancsoirB ABopi vb PamI. SaDHCxa Hanemau 
HiTB c% i^ijiBi) noBasaTB, ^TO OHi tfiUTB TOFjia vh noxEOVh corjadi 
c% BBHi^jiepoirE oTHocHTejBHO BOHe^HHxi uibxelk i^epKOBHoft nojranu. 
Ea noABjieHie h xapaBTepi npoHsaejiH ceiBHoe BnewTjri^me n Bep- 
jami: .oqatb BHCMapK'B, — tobophitb tfponnopa, — no^iyBCTBOBajn ceii 

JH^HO OCBOptfjieHHUHl'', 06paTHJICfl Wb apxHBH s „06Hap0A0BaXB 0^ 

iqaiBHHA, ceKpeTHiur h HaoHcaHHiiA no xoBipiD vb neiry nHCBMa^ nh 
Topiui jcoJSHH tfiuH Bi CBOi) o^epo^B HOBasaTB, ^To xo co6opa rp. 
ApHHiTB AynajTB HHaie o&b ero nocjixcTBiflxi, ^^itb bo Bpeu eo- 
tfopa. ny6jiHsa me, o&bacEHe^rb 6ponii)pa, nepeM^niaja (j^asni e n 
neft ^cocraBnjiocB Mninie, 6yxT0 rp. ApnBirB nanenaTajTB neb ceftfacB 
noMAHyrufl 6yMarH, Tor;(a RaRi offB o6HapoAOBaj'B tojbso sametyi 
OAHO nncBHo" — Vb BHxax'B caMOsan^HTU. „Eha8b BHCMaparb naneqaTan, 
a rpa^KB ApnHifB 6BijrB nposaanx ni^Mei^KHMi Jfa-MapMopoft*, npojioi- 
saeiTB 6poniK)pa, — h vb droM^B BExi x^jio 6ujio npexcraaieHo siarepr 
Topy. TpyxHO npHxyiiaTB 6ojiie sairibHaTejiBHoe, 6ojie soBapnoe isK- 
seme ^^^Bra, nponcxoxHsmaro na rjiasaxi coBpeMenHHsoKB; oho en* 
xtxejiBCTByeirB o6i> ysacnux'B no HCTHHt ycjoBiaxi, kb soropmrB opi^ 
bojio naci sioynorpe^Jienie xeHBraiiH h BiracTBD. Ha. BonpocK ,<R0 
ecTB HCTHHa?" — HBra4Tpy;tH*e oTBtqaTB, ^itb Bor^a-HHtfyxB npesxe'- 
Ko Bceiiy droiiy npHCOOAHHAJiocB en^e HSB^bCTHoe nncBiio rp. Ap&nt 
Vb JI|&irjraHrepy. 5-ro Mafl npomjiaro roxa repMaHCBift noeoi^ vb Dt* 
pHsi nojty^HjTB o^HI^Hi^iajBHoe bhcbko, noxnHcanHoe sa Kamprepa ^hv 
Bdjioboicb, h ROTopoe, no noBej^niB) nxnepaTopa h nopy^eniD Raar 
jepa, Tpe6oBajo y nero o6iACHeHift, yrposaA saBOHHEiirB npecxMon^ 
HieiTB Vb cjyqai hx^ HeyxoBxerBopHTejiBHocTH, ■ nanoicHHaa exy, ^ro ecu 
owb HMt^rB noBOAU sajoBaTBCfl na raserHHA nanaxRH, to toiMim 
tfujii sajioBaTBCfl no Ha^ajBCTBy. OrBibn nocjia ^Hi-BiuoBy (Ska 

yRlOHHHBUft, HO Vb Cyn^HOCTH rp. ApHHlCB OTKJIOHHJTB OTB CO^A OTBb" 

CTBennocTB sa orjianieHie noMtn^eHHUx'B vb BincROt raseri gPresse^ 
sanHCRH H nncBMa. BpomDpa yB'^paerB, tto vb Binft cx&iaHii 6wn 
nonuTRH RynHTB noRasania pexaR^i■. Ob enoet cropoHiii rp. ApHm| 
nocniniHXB vb BepjHH'B, no xairB any yse 6ujtb saspim Mficrjnvb 
BMnepaTopy. Owb xojseH'B 6wFb nHCBiieHHo OTBftwTB na npexJH»eB- 
HLie eiiy BonpocH. ,rpa(|^ ApHSMi npocHJTB HicnepaTopa o Hasiiaieflui 
ocotfofi ROXMBcciH (Immediat commission) am pasineimBtifl x^i > 
ero BOJiH^ecTBO, noBHXHMOMy, corjanraicfl chhsoSth na ary npoeB6j. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHni. — lOBOCTI SillAXHHXl lITIPiTJFB. 407 

Ho r. ^B!b*Bi>jiaBi, HaxoxmriftCA Torxa npH ero Bejonecmb vb Bffc- 
(SajieBi, o&bMtBMX% eiiy, tto xh. Eievapsi cx^aerb mn droro mhhh- 
mpeiift BOBpocL. 8to coo6paaBeHie notfyxuo HMnepaTopa OTRasaTB vh 
UBsmemu 00060ft soionicciH*'. BiTOse Bpeiffl „r. <|^H!b^6DJ0Bi npH- 
un coBepmoBHo HCBjao^sreibHyD Htpj, pasocjaBi repiiaHCRHicB xh- 
lunaTH^ecKHMi areflrairb i^Hpsyjixpi, npexcraBj^Bsift rpa^Mt ApHHMa 
(xuiomm wjioBiiBoirB, npoTHVL Boroparo BipoaxHO 6yxeirB npoHSse- 
mo XHCiqnuHHapHoe cjiixcTBie''. 

HHTepecHH o&bAcmmM tfpomDpii tfyiiaraxiy'yBeseHHfim rpa4>0]rB 
ApHooiTB U9h repMaHesaro noconersa vb IlapHst, sa ht6, Bairb h8- 
BkTHo, ovb 6uxb npexaHi cjaj h nperoBopeHi si TnpeiiHoify 8aKjn>- 
96Htao. .EaHqjiep'B ho 6e8!L ocHOBania onacaiCH,— roBopHTi 6poini)pa,— 
no nocojRb tfyxerb onpaBXHBaT&ca, h dphtoitb ny6jniqH0, npn no- 
lonqi xocrynmixi any xosyMeHTORb, nocii Toro BaB% saBOHHufi nyTB 
n oopaBxaeiB) nepex'B HHoepaTopoirL 6iijrB OTpisan'B eiiy npoHSBOJiB- 
nm BrtnroTejncTOOiTb saHi^jiepa. 3a6oTa vb vslaj Tasoro otfeapoAO- 
BaiiB vorjia npexcraBjiaTLCH rocyxapcTBeHHOiiy KBHi^epy t^m^b 6ojAe 
ocBOBBTejiBHOD, TOO coxepsaHie bthxi xoByiieHTOBi, ho mopjio HH Vh 
mon oTHomeHis noBpexHTB HHiepecaMi crpaHU, a TOJirBKO jraqHoxy 
ero BBTepecy. Ha caiioirB me f,iii hocojtb 6iixb oneHB xaiOBi Bce 
spBu 0T% iioxo6Haro HaifftpeHk, TaB^B bbri vh npoTHBHoirB cjyiai 
OBB, IT0611 cspuTB CBoe HBiiipeHie, CHui 6u BoniH cb 6yMarB, ocra- 
BiiB opHrHHajra vb KaHi^ejixpiH noconcTBa. Ohi hh^^ tojibbo noHATHoe 
Btilpeflie He nepexaBBTB b^b Bani^ejuipiD aocojiBCTBa t^tl jffiKjueBTOVb, 
lOTopiie ciyasHXH xoKaBaTejBCTBOifB nocTHXHaro vb neify OTHomeHiji'. 

noBTopaeirB, Bce bto noBasama oxHoft tojbbo cropoHH, h eeiBsa 
e<iflTaTB BX^B Bnojrai BipHHMH H HC^epnuBaDn^HMH x^o. Ho xocra- 

TOW> m HX'B, no6£I CBBSBTB, TTO 8T0 X^O MUi&rb HH^TOSHUfl, XHWUft 

1 XB(q>CBift xapasTopi, h bboxh^ o6pHCOBiiBaerB Hame BpeMa, ee npex- 
muBji ra oxHoft ^ejOBft^Hofi) yTisraTejiBHofi qepru, ea soropot 
losio 6hjio 611 oeraBOBHTBea h orxoxnyrB HpaBCTBOHHO. dra cxan- 
xaKiBaa ■ i^HHnecaaa 6opB6a xapoBHraro h Bceiioryn^aro caeoB- 
■Bia CB CBomrB nox^HHeHHUirB nepexi xhi^oicb Bceft EsponH vb 
JsieaiMi^eft creneHR narjiaxHO noBasHBaen, BaBia no^ysxenia h 
cipacn eroBTB xenepB sa oepBOirB nxas^b h ^M.ixHJorb HCTopin^. Btb 
wm otfn^eHHTepecHoirB cMUCJiit tfpomnpa rpaci^a ApHHMa ropasxo 
ipyBBie, ^iwb dro Baserea na nepauft Bsrjax^. Ohb otxh^ho o6pH- 
eoBHBaoTB Bpexa. IIoBHXHMOMy, ona en^e ho noci^xHaa. Ha sarjuiB- 
■OBB neti ea o6o8Ha^eHo: ^BiinycBB nerpvui^^ a tiepjHHcaaa npoay- 
parfpa BauRaevB dpothbtb 6uBmaro nocjia cyxe6Hoe opecjrbxoBaHie 
A Bee, BO otiBBHOHtao Vb roeyxapcTBOHHoft bsmAu^, HHeaoiBBO ho ctA- 
CBaacB Tfan, qro na nefi ho BHcraajeHO neBH aaTopa, xoropovB 
TOJBBO xoraxHBaTBca. K% c^ctib) xia ApHHua, ovb hbxo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



408 BMTHm XBPOD. 

jvcrea TenepB nib nTBeti^piH, e 6epxaBCMMWb ejj^avB ejcsa Ji yxaerci 
gacMHTb ero VB okuj H8i iiHoroHHCjeHHiirB tepMaiciHxm Bptnoeief. 
noBasaHifl oxHOft HVb CTopovB, HaioseBHUfl vb (ipoiBDpb, xocm* 
TOTOu xaKse juut Toro, 9to6h biucrhtb B08q[>imfl HsriiEHiiro rap- 
MaHciaro npasHTeiBCTBa na $paH^iI) h na cbob onooBeBui k^ wA 
Bfb dTOM'b Boapoci, noBBXRMOMy, b^t^ BBBasoro pasBorjaeu B«ixf 
rp. ApBBMOM^b B ero Bparoirb. ^pasi^ui BpexcraBjaereB aroMy Bptni- 
TejBCTBy CTpaaon pa8jiarai)]ii;ei)Cii, bi OTBomefliB vh soropoft Tqara- 
Bifl uomerh sbbbtb BpB6iH8HTeiBBB TO ice noxoseBie, Rasoe saBBBajn 
B% npofliJioirb CTOJitTiB Tpa eise^HB xepacaBH oTBOCHrejt&HO QMbnni. 
^B^qm a BpyuxB Mapmaiy MarE^Marofly mob bobiui BpexBTBBBBf 
rpanoni b BucoiafiBiifi OTBiTi> aa ero BsaiB^eBie o BcryajieBiB bi 
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rojBMy 8-ro Idbb 1873 roM. ^IIpieirB, xora b o^bb Bpocroft, ejmfi- 

CTBeflflO OTJBHaJCB OITB COBOpflieBBO CB060XBUX!B BpiOMOKB T. TBOpi 

MapfliajTB 6uM% fb nyBAHpi, npBBBMajrB ctob, wh BpflcyrcTBiH CBoero 
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^pasjiysa, Boropuft Tas'B Majo noxoxBXB 6u aa <{»paBi^8a, weh ref^ 
ufirb MaABfieBTCsift. iCjmdyemh cmpona maHem eh Cpawwpfh). Ecjra he- 
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iBmoBBoe BOJB opyAie, to hitb BpsjoercA BenpiarHO pa6y6txHTBca n 
dTOiTB. Bhtb MOserB, ara cyxaa, npocTBB, BepascysxBDii^aB naaepa 
6oxbe yAo6Ba xjb ynpaBieBiB ^j^aai^ysaMB, ^iirB e^rit ero npexBie- 
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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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ero iHHHHMH ApysbJiMH, nepesHBaBHiHX'B Bne^aTjrimH h nopioB itri| 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IPOHni. — OWh raiXU COBRUHHOt SPITirKH. 411 

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cneiBHO Hamero BarjiaAA. 

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leaie, r. KaBezHH'L He corjiaceni cb hohmh BHBOAaMH. 

Haeroan^aa apryMearai^ia npOrHBi Meofl coctohttb, fb cyn^ocTH^ 
n tAxpomjiTh nojfoseniax'B, U9h soTopHxi, BaKB cairB iHraTeu 
jBixHTB, HHHa ifH^t Hesa^'biTB 6yAeirB onpoBepraxB, noroMy ?to ohh 
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rtiaRift... 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



412 BtOTHUl EBPOIH. 

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Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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CHI npoTHBonocraBUH cboh, ctojbro me nacTOftiintu n TpetiosarejiB* 
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BO enoco^H ea BiniojiHeHifl He tfiUH yKasaHtt. Ht6 se Tasie HAeam 
iiii)T<b otfiqaro eE Hx^ajaMS B^^Hcaaro? IIoci'^Airie codxaxH nnojiy 
n isrepaTypi h kphthbI, nepsiie npHBejni u tj n xpyryi) ki ynaxsy. 
H 9T0 He 6u;ia cjiyqatHocTB, a jiorH^ecKoe nocji^ACTBie HenpaBHibHot 

1I0CT8HOBKR HAeaXOBS". 

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Ho npoTHBi^ dToro Bospaacenia mu hobtophm'b, ^to cmkcji'b dTOro boc- 
BoiHHaHia BiuniHCROM'B saRjiDHajcca ne Vb oahoitb acTOpaiecROiTB 
nrepeci, a, Rpoaft Toro, an yRadueajiH Apyroft <|>aRTrB, npHSHaBaeiuift 
Boponeai h hohmh npoTHBHaaaMH, aaeHHO, ^to yse vh pyaax'B caaoro 
BfcniHCKaro RpaTHaa aepexoAHjia asi jBTepaTypaoft OTBjreqeHHoft o6jia- 
en Vh HHCTO-o6n;ecTBeHHyK). droTb nepexoA'B o^eHB sawbTeHB a m> 
co^iHeHiaxi Bi^jrancRaro: 3a nocj^AHie roAU, ero RpHTaaa Bce 6ojiBme 
I 6oaBine o6pan](aj[acB Kb npaamrB BonpocawB otio^ecTBeHHaro 6iiTa. 
HaxaBHue TenepB otphbrh ero nepeaHcsa yRasuBanTi naai drors 
loxiB ero auciefi vh emfi dojiie cajiBHoft cTenena a ptsao onpeA^iea- 
>ot 4>opai: dTO — to nanpaajieHie ascjiH a Ta <])opaa, cb aaaaaa hb- 
^^OTca BBB^cTHoe hhcbho jpb Forojii). 9to hhcbmo, aoropoe mob npo- 
^><HHXH xothtb BucTaBBTB RaR% ((yATO CJiy^afiHiia'B nopuBoa^ 6wb 
^i^^ACTBift, 6iijro, aanporaffB, ecrecTBeHHua^ saBepnieHiea'B i^&ntro 
P^SBHiia... Ha jiDAeft, ctohbhihx'b imfb ootfcTBOHHaro apyra B^J^HHCRaro, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



414 BsoTHULi uraiH. 

ero npoHsnexeHie HOxiflcTBOBaxo, 6uTb uomerh^ cojusie, n/bwh Bci 
xpyrifl ero npoBSBexeHifl, noxMovBOBaio Ktsi dHepmecsoe, nouoc 
npaaieflie era jhihoctk h BSTJiflxa na sei^H. IIpocToe conocraBjeiic 
noCdrtAHHxi MHtaift BijEHHCsaro cb nepBUMK saaueHjmiai Tpe(oia 
maMM HOBOft i^MTHsi uow^Th oosasaTB, ^TO M6sxy HHMH 6iuo ropasM 
<(0JLiiiB BHyrpeHoet cbmh, ^m oShrhobbeho xyMaDirb, — xpyrm 

CJOBaMH, TTO B&tHHCRift Bl CBOHXl TeOpeTH^eCKHXl MH^HUXl DOCli^ 

Hflro BpeHeHH bobco He ((un Tim, qtirb npexcraBjiflnn ero moi 

npOTHBHHSH. 

npaBAa, HTO E&iiiHCRift, npH bcomi HHTepeci vb o6n(ecTBeHH0M} 
•coxepsamK), xaK^ yBjesaxB ero BtB nocjri^xHee BpeMJi, ocraBajicji xo lompi 
H dCTeriKaiTB (e BicicTi <rb dTHirE HpaBCTBeHHo-nodTH^ecxHMi mean- 
'OTOirb) H, 6iiTb Moserb, bi 66jametii cieaeHH, ^.iwb to 6uBajio n ho- 
Bot spHTHBi. Ho dTO HO yflH^osaevb ysasuBaeHaro Han exucm. 
dcreTaqeoKui Bie^eHifl 6iuh BposxeHHim cboActboitb B&umciaro, 
ycHjeHHHH'E AOJiniMH daHHTLiMH H npHBH^Koft; — HO CHJBHtnrE acTeme" 
CBHiTB qyBCTBOicB H HpaBCTBeHHO-nodTHiecKHiTb BOHHMameMi He (Shj^ 
<KSAiieHa H HOBaa BpHTHsa, nanp. vb juu^i Ao6pojn)6oBa, couhchU 
soToparo, no acTeTH^ecKoft KpHTHst, Tasxe kbkb 6yAT0 npisaiHifi 

JfOHMH npOTHBHHSailH. 

r. KaBeiHffb corjamaeTCH, hto «r. TyprenoBi CTymeBajii oipmi- 
TejiBHyi) CTopoHy EijHHCKaro, pasBHTyD^Bi homi, EaKs sci HHSHaes 

fl HOMHHM^ AO ($OJlidHeHHOt CTpaCTHOCTH'^; HTO E'braHCKifi He Mon 

AOBOjUCTBOBaTi»CH «QXHHirb ucTO TeopeTHqecBHiTB HacjiasxeHieirB len^ 
Hoft, spacoTOfi H HpaBCTBeHHSMi HxeajoicB'', — ^TO offb He Mon mro 
HO CBoeft TOHK-]^ spi^Hiii H HO TOFAaHiHeMy HacTpoeniD jiy^Hmn ^n; 
TOO nfii'o pasApasajia sHTeftcKan theje h hohuoctb". Mei, npaBO, ss- 
TpyxHaexcH hohhtb, BaBHin o6pa80]CB HacTpoeflie, OHHcuoaeMoe ooxoO* 
sumh BHpaseHiHMH, MOseT^ 6HTb npoTHBonojosHO uocxtKjtymfiA ipi- 
THB'b, BaBB i^peajiHSicB" — HxeaiHSHy. HaM^b Basercji, ito Hxeaiim 
^HJTb coBepmeHHO oxHHaKOFb Cb o6ivrb CTopoHB, — ho pasjniiHH Csn 
yciomn, speMa, OKpyauiDn^iji co6iiTui. 

npHHHCUBaH BijUIHCBOMy 9T0TB pOaiHSlTB, BBBB OCO6eHH0e CBOft* 

•CTBO H npeHMyn^ecTBO, r. EaBeiHHB nacTaHBaeTB hotomb, tto y B^jn- 
<saro, pHAOMB CB OTpHi^aHieiTB, HiejTB BB TicHiftmeft CBH3H HpaacTBeB- 
HHft HxeaxB, BOTopuft HMeHHo H cooSn^ajB CHjiy ero bjohhid; toW 
Barb y ero npeeicHHBOBB (6jnisafiHiHX'B) Bce 6ojiLnie 6paio Bepxi n- 
CToe OTpHi^ame, — soTOpoe, BnociftACTBiH, bb name BpexH, 6yxT0 60 
xase |,8a6iuo, bo hmh tofo OTpHi^aoTB^. 

3th ciOBa, HO Hanieiiy MHtHuo, — nijoA pn^i HexopasyiiHift. 
npesAe Bcero, r. EaBejoffB vb na^ajri^ nBCBHa o^eHB cDpaBexi>^ 
o6!bHCHHjrB, qTO CBMoe oTpHD^ame hobosmosho 6e8B Hxeaia, npexnoJA* 
raoTB ero. Tbbb 9to A^ftcTBHTOJiBHO H 6uio. HoBan spHntKa, botoptd 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBl. — OWh niAAB« OOBPIDHHOt SPHTHU. 415 

nn BBenpaBexJnBO, csaaMMi iojAe — tstb noBepxHOcvHo euTEDn sa 
■euDureuHo (uv npenymecTBemo) OTpu^aieAHyK), b'b ocHOBaHui 
ooen Hocua tot% se HpaBCTBeHHuft ueaxi, KOTOpHft h6 oakhte 
pasi 8 BHcmasHBaja Btb TOi noxosiraiBHoft (j^piii, Basax (kua bos- 
■Nua B!b lUTHAeca'raz'E roxars. Mosen (irb, ^to oea BHcaasuBaia 
ero pise, ci MeHuiuiuE HcrojiBOBaaiAMH, ^iirb to (SHBaio y Eijara- 
ataro. Ho ne AOjnsHO 8a6uBaTB pasHHiiy speMeHH. KpnTHU, upaHKnaB- 
■u xiio BijBHCKaro, oAao uovjol ciiraTB oti'BaeBeHHHMH noFfe 
Bonpocu, Hajcb KOTopiiMH pafiorajTB E&uHCKit. To o&hacaeme ero x&i- 
TenHOCTH, Cb BOToparo eaqajia OBa, 6uio 9Tmtb^o6nparh ysasaHieirB 
HA TO, Tr6 yse 6iuo cxiiaHO bi jaTepavypi h ^ero ho 6iijio Haj|o6- 
locn noBTopATb. SHaqeme caMoro B'kiHHCsaro sauniajiocb Kb TOirb, 

ITO BSBiCTHIU HpaBCTBeHHO-Otfo^eCTBeHHUlI HCTHHH, paClipOCTpaH6Hil) 

liTopiizib ovh (BMicri n ApyrHXH) nocBflii^arb cboh ycuria, bohlih 
n cosHaHie jiy^iDix'b jdaoA, h paaucHJiTb EX'b 6ojibiiie 6umo HHorxa 
oom KBosifosBo. nocrtAHifl opOHSBexeHia BijUBCsaro 6uih hmid vh 
csisot naxBTo. Hxeajui HOBot kphthkh bo MKorom 6iui TosxecTBenBH 
c&ixeaiairaBtjraHCKaro: ws, jD^ei paaMunuflnn^HZ'b bo 6iuo HaA0$- 

lOCTI OOBTOfMITb BHOBb HXl FjaBHtftinia OCHOBaHlJI. Ho BO MHOFOieb, 

B0UI6 ueajm 6hjh ropasAO mepe, aoTony, vto Bpeiia nuo, a o<^ 
lecTteflHafl micib HosaMiTBO, ho secoHH'bBflo paaBHsajiacb h pac- 
npuacb... EftjHHCKOMy npHXOAiuocB en^e o(h»ACHJiTb rHycHOcrb BopoB- 
CTsa H laaHOspajicTBa, raAoerb syMRBaro npasa wb ceMeftHott hjib o6n(e- 
CTieflBoft SH8HH, BpoA^ HOBisecTBa H T. B. JIju9i»wb^ HTO noyiOHLi BOAO6- 
Baro poxa xmm cit AyDfliaro DOKOjiHiB 6ujib jichu 6e9h oco6eHHUxi bctoji- 
leiaBift HdU me Tpe6oBajiH paa^bflCHeHi& na npaBTH^ecsn'b, peaibHuxi 
opnrlpan. 3to x'iftcTBHTejibHO h xtiaia Tan-HaauBaeHafl ,odiB«- 
lUBBaa juTeparypa^, xenepb safiuTaa, ot^bcth npeBetfperaeiiaii, ho 
n cBoe BpoMB A^aemaB CBoe nojesHoe a^jo. „BtjiHHCBifi[ acHo hohh- 

lai'L Heo6zOAHMOCTb pe4>0pMl'^— AB, ho OHOHb HOBCHO nOHBHaXb BOS- 

losHocTb nTb ocyn^ecTBjeHifl (sarb, Bnpo^eirb, h ((ojibniHBCTBO jy?- 
nnxi jDAOft, vb TO Bpeiu); nosABitmee bpohb, caniirb CKjiaAOirb 06- 
mnejucTBi, craBHio bth Bonpocu sHa^iiTejbHO bbb^, acHte h ao- 

CTjOBie, — H 9T0 OABO CHJbHO HSM^BBJIO BCD pOJIb HOBOt SpHTHBH. 

OieroaTOJibCTBa se scsopt ysasajH 6iH3Byx> BOBMOsaocTb ocyn^ecTBjie- 

lU pe^^piTb, KOTOpUZ'b E^HBCRlft HOTTaXb TOJbSO B^ HBCTOlTb 

lAe&ii H Teopis; B03M0SB0CTb 6iua necoMHi^HHa; ajb ^OAoft, BjaA^B- 

BIXI .BpaBCTBeHBUMB HAeaiaMH**, vfkAbt> HBAOSA'B 6UjI0 — BOdMOSBO 

npoKoe ocyn^ecTBjieHie dxinTb pecf^opm; SA'bcb osHAaJOCb npjmoe, 
inpoBoe, ocBsaTOAHoe napoABoe 6jaro, h dohbtho, ^to bth BejHtie 
nrepeeii boabbjh HAeaiBsirb TorAaniBBxi jy^niHX'b jn>Aeft, OAymeBHJiB 
m He OTBjeHeHHyMH MopajibHUMH haobmh, a shbumh Hacyn^HUHH 
crpeKjeBiBMH. PasHHoa o6cTOBTejbCTBi 6iua qpesBmaftHaB; to, o leirb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



416 BMYEni IBFOUL 



BtiwHCEJ* uetmutb Bxsh o wjeB<nrb ■ mamoia^ &iBri, craattwita 
Bonpooomb aha, — o wyrofovh seBopi saroBOpKia ■ uoietb. dro n 
Morjio He OTpamsnca Ha BpHTHsi. Oxna aojh en cbte ocraBHia omcbe 
HpMMn CBOHKB npexHHX'B paaeysAOHift— b^es lettres, m khhh nuyn 
6iuo He xo mui, — h otfpaTBiaeB m. ny6jHi^Henn£. EefecTBenoeB 
dvoro — Heiero ofexcHarb. HapexHHe BonpocH heiuh^ jme m «8^vi 
sovh vh raxanm", h rrt, Bony om 6hjh 6jh8so na xynit, otipamiG 
K& Bxi BenoepexcTBeBHOify HBy^emi). ^pyru iojla BpBTH^ecsHrb cm 
CJriiAiBBiaa — K&STb J[^o6pojDD6oKb— sa aiuKsmaa xyxoxecTBeHHot jam 
pavypu (h xasse (rcbb ^ncro npnxoxHBBiaH wb ncroft nytfjravcmd) 
ecrecTBeHHo npBHHMaia HHeft tovb h craBoia hhhh saxaw. Bea 
ypoBeHB Tpe^oBamft noBiicuefl. Hxeaiii Bosee He ^nepepoxKiHCB", ua 
yTBepsAaen r. EaBejDHib, a onpex^HJHCb, nepecrajui (Sun oravn* 
HUMH, — ^M Be sOrerynHiH na BTopoft nxan^B^, a cx^ancb Aoeroimm 
HeqMLBHeHHO 66iLniaro xpyra anxeft, ctuh noiy^avB ropasxo (tanoe 

TOJCOBBBift H npHlfteeHifl. npOHSOHUO HSMiHeHie H Vh i^btdI- 

HSMteenie ne ovb cBoftcTBa bpbtbkobi^ (wrmpoe HB^&rb He yeryniii 
npesBeMy), ne ot& npaxoTB, a ovb caiiaro Bpev^oi. Orroro xpinD 
!rpe6(>Baia ((6iLmaro peaiBaiia, 66MhmeA xyxoaBecTBeHBoft npsBonr n 
fl»o6paaEeBuix'b shshh. Biao bbho, h ^lyBcraoBajocB, vro sa hoibii 
XBHsemeKb, otfin^aBBmirB ly^mee ((yxysi^ee, spoDVca ei^e hbotow 
GjeHBHB CHjni craparo Mpasa h oe6&ix)((iH, xoropiu MorjH BByiin 
OBacemH sa camift yeniix'E BosHHBaBBiaro 6jnra, h hohatho, ^ito ,ot- 
pfli^BBie*, BOTopoe ei hhkh (opojocL, xojsho 6uio craHOBHTBei rln 
p4b8^e B xftse HerepnHMie, ^ivh rjiy6se b ropH^ie 6uxm crpeMjema 
Wb jy^meMy. Ecjra xase ne npHHBBaTb vb ooodpasenie hhcto-bbxibi- 
XyajuBUB CBOftCTsa (naiip. y ^otfpojiDtfoBa), to oxHoro CBOieraa 06- 
CTOBTejn>CTBi xocraTorao, ^irotiu otiiacHHTB npoHBJBBByDCii sam^ 
pasxpaseflie, capBasHi. 

HaMib roBopATi, ?to 6jato OTpBi^aHie ycBjrHBaioeL enoro, w 
.Hxeara norycBHi^H"! 

HTaKb, o6n^ee ofiBHHeHie, BUCTaBjeHHoe nponBi HOBoft bphtho, i 
TOt, BOTopaa HenocpexcTBeHBO cji^xoBajia aa BtxBHCBBicb, h toI, 10- 
Topaa xiftc^yen wh HacroBBi^D MBHyry, coctohitl vb tob%, ^no bo- 
Bue Bxeajni (ifBHMO-„nepepoxHBnri6CA^) npsBejiH jniTeparypy h ^' 
THBy Vb ynaxBy, ?to noBibftmee oTpni^aHie safisuo xase, bo bbb wd 
oho OTpHi^aen. |,Bcft arn BBjieHiB,— i-aaMiiaerrB r. KaBeiHHx,— cij*- 
H^fl upHSHaBaMH c6mot cb tomrj uucxe, BOBe^HO, HpHBaxJiesan js^ 
He TOMy BpeHeHH, soropoirb mu co6cTBeHHO xot&di roBOpBfi;H0 
9TH BBjieniB npoHsoBijiH BciixcTBie OHm6o^[HO& noeraHOBBH H^eaJt 
HOCJi B^bjBHcxaro, BCiixcTBie Toro, ^to nyrB, hite yBa sMfw i rt , 6uxb 
ocraBjeHOb h satfiin*'. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHIKi. — OBI mkff.^ COBPUSHHOt SPETHKH. 417 

r. KaBeMH!B npBSBaex^, "iTo «bi o6cTO£Tej[BCXBaxx h ycioBuxo^ ha; 
men) npomexniaro h BacToamaFO, vh sasHH h HacTpoeHiazsb Hainaxi* 
HHieuHreHTHUX'b cjoeBi, BoeeiHo, 6iiUh cboh no6y wT&ubHUJi npHHHHH, 
noieify pyccKaji iuicjib saupaBuacB b:b CTopoEj j^euHSMa, a noroin^ 
orpHAaHia, a ne pasBHm ba^uorb Ba peajBHoft Howi', — ho 3to b'B 
cynutocTa canoe KanHxaiBHoe ycjiOBie Hoaaro BpeireHH owl c^HTaerB 
loiBKO o6aer9aDii]^]ii o6cToaTaiBCT60irB, a sariicB npoAOJisaerB onaxB 
BgHBTB RpHTHjsy 8a ocTaBjeEue AopoPH EijHBcsaro. 

Bci 9TH padcysAesia o6x ynaAS^b jHTepaTypu h bpbthkh, mbui 
016HB HacTO npHBOAHTca cjumaTB bi nocjrbAHie pojm, sasyxc^ aaii^ 
"ipedBUHafiHO CTpaeHUMH, h o6uKHOBeHHUfl o6'i>acHeHla ero npoACTas- 
ioyrh canoe npeBpaTfloe noHHMaHie Ben^eii. noapo6yeif!b yxasaTB h^- 
EOTopua CTopoHu xt^Bi Ha BOTopufl Hc o6pa]iiaK)'rB BHHMaHia CTpoxie 
qALH coBpeneHHofi JBTepaTypu. 

Bo-oepBuxi, axH cy^BH npoBOAflT^ coBepineHHO onui^o'iHoe cpaBBe- 
Hie xesAy spBT^Koft HOBtfimefi h BpBTHBoft Bpeneei BijBHCBaro ^am» 
00 vj3» ^HCTO BHimHeMy nojoseHii). Bo speiieHa B'kiHacRaro, sps- 
ma jHTepaxypaaA (h ox^acxB BCxoppnecRaa) cocxaBja ja rjaBHoe ochot 
Banie, i^eHxpi* xjucbcxh sypeajia. BuBajo, Biifixexi noBftcxB, SBHsia 
cnxoBif co6paHie co^HHemft, sypsaii c^Bxaji Heo6xoAHMOcxBK> jiai9% 
wa% BpHTHHecByx) cxaxBK), — Boxopaa, npaaAa^ oqeaB ^acxo noaBdoaa* 

jaCB BMH XOIBXO SaSl nOBOAOBTB, HO 06iIBH0BeHB0 HOCBBHiaJia He 

Muo Bicxa oBpex^JieHiK) xyxoacecxBeHHux'B xocxohhcxkb h Bexocxax- 
lOBh xBHHaro npoBSBexeBk. H'h CBoe BpeMa, dxo rocno^cxBO JiBxepa* 
TjpHo-dcxexH^ecKOft bphxhbb hmAjo cboA cmucjb b cbod noxBay: 
mepaxypHiiJi nonaxix ny6xBBH 6huu emid o^enB icaxo pasBBxu; eft 
6mo Bymao pasiiacnaxB caiuie nepBOHa^axBBue acxexH^ecRie BC^ipocu^ 
uxi, Haap., aysHO 6iuo pacxoxBOsaxB Foroxa, xxa xoro, ^ao&h 
oaa ero ypaaynixa; xpoiii xopo, xixepaxypaaa spHxaKa Ciua vb xo 
Bpeix exHHCXBeaaofi aosMosaoft 4>op^ofti ^^ Boxq^ft Mosao 6iuo ro- 
BopHTB SHsaa H apaBaxi. Ho xas'B 6uxo 9xo vb pyxax^B Bixaa- 
CKaro; npa ero aaaroaax'B (xaB^B ^yxuaiBBHii) axa dcxexB^ecxaa spa- 
Tisa fiuposxaxacB yse vh 6e3nxoABoe dcxexa^iecBoe aepeMUBaaBe pas- 
inaiai j^xyxosecxBeaaurB*' npoasBexeaift, aa aoxoBaay ae cxobb- 
QHXL BBEaRoro BBBMaHia. Bi pysax^B hobuxb xiaxexeft, Haapaiiipi, 
T J(o6poxx>6oBa, dxa Bpaxaxa obxxb BOSBucaxacB xo xasoro saa^eaiB, 
uioe BBixa y BiUaacBaro; ho poxB ea yse vh axo BpeMx saaia* 
't^MLo aajri^aaxacB: xaxepaxypaajs xpaxaKa, Cb oxaoft cxopoan, aau- 
Haen rxy6se sacaxBca camixi soapoeoBi xasaa, xeaBme ysxesaxBC^ 
3cieiBqecBofi^ a 6oxBnie peaxBao-tiuxoBod cxopoaofi npoasBexeaift;^ cb 
XPyroft— oaa apxMO CM^aaeTCx ny6xa]](acxBB0&. npaqaaa 6Hxa npocxaa. 
Maio-Do-Maxy xaxepaxypa npiodplxa, xoxa xo asBicxaoft cxeneaa, bo^- 
Tma L— Abmf^ 1876» 27 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



418 MOTini mMOi. 

MOSHOCT& roBopHTB npjiMO T^rB o^^ecTBraHHX'b npexMerarB, wrt 
pue npesxe tojr»bo oriuie^eEffo TpaKToeaiBCs no noBoxy ^xyxoxecTBei 
Btixi^ npoflSBexenit. dra HiBOropaa bosmosboctb HacTjaaxa Tor^: 
BorAa CTajTB noxroroBjuTBCfl BOopocB pe<|^opKH, h vb jHreparypi hi 
^ajHeB noHeMHory pascysAeaifl o KpecTBAHCBOirB x^Jii, o iip6o6pa8< 
BaniH cyxa h t. n. IIosjitho, vto xdah, cepB^sHo dTHicii npexverav 
saHHTepecoBaHHue, ocraBEJi ^xyAOsecTBeHHiu'' npoHaaexeHut ■ cra^ 
roBopHTB npflHO o6i» y^pesxemaz'B, o nojniTHqecKot aaoHOMiH, a Tin 
H o6i o6mjaiT> <i^uoco<|^KHX'B BonpocarB — cb Tonevh spinu h cb ofimi 
BOCTBD BBTjuAa, KOTopurB Tonso MO^Taja crapaa jorepaTrpflaj 

BpHTHBa. 

He sHaeiTB, cb Boropoft CTopoHU 9to mofjio 6utb .ynaABom*. IIo 
HameMy me'^hu), aro 6iurB HecoMHiirauft h doshmoi, jeabxrh, 

no Crapoft OpHBUHRt Vh JIHTepaTypHOft BpHtHBi, MJMAt>Th, fl^ 

OTcyTCTfiie hjh orpasHieHie sypnajiBHoft py6pHBB (xotji, co6cTBefl»f 
roBopa, AO Haqaja mecTHAecjrruxi foaobi h dToroociatfjeHumeteio] 
OBHaqaio orcyrcTBie hjih ocja6jieHie ^HAeajroBi*^ — ^saBi-tfyxro ve&q 
uon BHCBasEiBaTBca TOJBBO Bi 4K)pM'6 HxeajiHdHpoBaHiji, H BaKB-6yx« 
om He MOPB rocDOACTBOBaTB fiaxi mucibi) h ^yBCTBom nHcaieifij 
vmrejui h rb <|>Hjiooo<i»CBO]rB TpaBrai^, h kb nouruo-dBOHOiuif eaon 
pascysxeHiH, h bi caxipH^ecBoirB onepai h bo nBByrpeHHeiTB otSospi- 
irifl^. draxi BAeajiOBi BeBHxftJH crporie cyxBB noBtftmeft jsreparjiHitl 
— HeyseaH noTOiiy, ^to sa bbxi bo 6tf jio bhb^cbb? Biuo oiobb eciecr- 

BeVBO, TTO BOBHOSBOCTB BacaTBCA SHBHX*B BETOpeCOBl CTaJB paSBDin 

HMeHHO sy^jiBi^BeTH^ecByK) CTopoay joiTepaTypu, h bi aeft A'^CTBHieiuo 
npflflBByjiH'Mflorie jtiyHBde ym a Taiaarii, botopbutb, Hen covBtHia, npi- 
HajuesaiTB aeacxy npo^airB a Ta sacxyra, no oaa yaptnaaa vb jompt- 
rjpi a Vb jyqmaxi jmj^sTb o6n^ecTBa Baaaaaie vb cepBesanai iHre- 
pecaai o6n(ecTBeBBaro 6BiTa. F. RaBejraai, BipoaTBO, He craflerB coo- 
pHTB, ecia a npanmay uctb aroft sacjiyra vb pyccsoft ny^jm^icrui 
AotfpojD6oBy a ^pysBaKB ero. 

9to a ecTB Ta HoiosareaBHaa sacjryra aoBoft bphtbbb, Boropol 
xoTBTTB npaxaBaTB o^ay „OTpai^aTejn»HyD* xi^TejiBBOCTB. 

3iojisBO saM^TBTB, HTO B caaa ^xyxosecTBeHHaa'' jarepaTypa saa- 
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